Effects of the ocean surface reflection for solar irradiance on the normalized water-leaving radiance in the visible wavelengths are evaluated and discussed for various conditions of the atmosphere, solar-zenith angles, and wind speeds. The surface reflection effects on water-leaving radiance are simply due to the fact that the radiance that is backscattered out of the water is directly proportional to the downward solar irradiance just beneath the ocean surface. The larger the solar-zenith angle, the less the downward solar irradiance just beneath the ocean surface (i.e., more photons are reflected by the ocean surface), leading to a reduced value of the radiance that is backscattered out of the ocean. For cases of large solar-zenith angles, the effects of surface irradiance reflection need to be accounted for in both the satellite-derived and in situ measured water-leaving radiances.
© 2006 Optical Society of America
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