It is well known that scattering of a polychromatic plane wave by a random medium, i.e., by a medium whose refractive index varies randomly with position, may produce frequency shifts of spectral lines. It has been a common perception that a random medium is required for generation of such spectral shifts by scattering. In this Letter we show that such a phenomenon occurs even when the refractive index of the medium is a deterministic function of position. We also show that this phenomenon may be used to obtain information about the structure of a deterministic medium.
© 2012 Optical Society of America
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