Abstract

We demonstrate supercontinuum generation spanning 1.6 octaves in silicon nitride waveguides. Using a 4.3 cm-long waveguide, with an effective nonlinearity of γ=1.2W1m1, we generate a spectrum extending from 665 nm to 2025 nm (at 30dB) with 160 pJ pulses. Our results offer potential for a robust, integrated, and low-cost supercontinuum source for applications including frequency metrology, optical coherence tomography, confocal microscopy, and optical communications.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

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J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nature Photonics 4, 37(2009).
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2008 (3)

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

M. A. Foster and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 12, 3137(2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Lindfors, T. Kalkbrenner, P. Stoller, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Drexler, J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 47 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, P. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Baets, R.

Bartelt, H.

Bosman, G. W.

Cao, Q.

Chaudhari, C.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Choi, D.-Y.

Chou, C.-Y.

Chu, S.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S.

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dadap, J. I.

Diddams, S.

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Drexler, W.

W. Drexler, J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 47 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Duchesne, D.

Dudley, J. M.

G. Genty, P. Kinsler, B. Kibler, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 15, 5382 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Fejer, M. M.

Fermann, M. E.

Ferrera, M.

Foster, M.

Foster, M. A.

Gaeta, A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Genty, G.

G. Genty, P. Kinsler, B. Kibler, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 15, 5382 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gondarenko, A.

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nature Photonics 4, 37(2009).
[CrossRef]

Green, W. M.

Griebner, U.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, P. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J.

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T.

Hartung, A.

Heidt, A. M.

Herrmann, J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, P. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

Hsieh, I.-W.

Husakou, A.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, P. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jalali, B.

P. Koonath, D. R. Solli, and B. Jalali, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 091114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, J.

Jones, D.

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kalkbrenner, T.

K. Lindfors, T. Kalkbrenner, P. Stoller, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kibler, B.

Kinsler, P.

Kito, C.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, P. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koonath, P.

P. Koonath, D. R. Solli, and B. Jalali, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 091114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, P. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Krok, P.

Kuyken, B.

Lamont, M. R.

Langrock, C.

Légaré, F.

Levy, J. S.

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nature Photonics 4, 37(2009).
[CrossRef]

Liao, M.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lindfors, K.

K. Lindfors, T. Kalkbrenner, P. Stoller, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Little, B. E.

Liu, X.

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S.

Manolatou, C.

Morandotti, R.

Moss, D. J.

Nickel, D.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, P. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

Panoiu, N. C.

Peccianti, M.

Phillips, C.

Qin, G.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J.

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

Razzari, L.

Reichert, J.

Roelkens, G.

Rohwer, E. G.

Russell, P.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, P. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sandoghdar, V.

K. Lindfors, T. Kalkbrenner, P. Stoller, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B. S.

Schwoerer, H.

Sharping, J. E.

Solli, D. R.

P. Koonath, D. R. Solli, and B. Jalali, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 091114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A.

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A. J.

Stoller, P.

K. Lindfors, T. Kalkbrenner, P. Stoller, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

Turner, A. C.

Turner-Foster, A. C.

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nature Photonics 4, 37(2009).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

Vlasov, Y. A.

Wadsworth, W.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, P. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R.

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Xia, F.

Yan, X.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhavoronkov, N.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, P. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Koonath, D. R. Solli, and B. Jalali, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 091114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

W. Drexler, J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 47 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature Photonics (1)

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nature Photonics 4, 37(2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (10)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, P. Russell, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Lindfors, T. Kalkbrenner, P. Stoller, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. Windeler, J. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Simulated dispersion curves of the fundamental TE mode of a silicon nitride waveguide with a 720 nm height and widths ranging from 1100 nm to 1400 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Setup for SCG with integrated silicon nitride waveguides. The enlarged section shows the coupling setup, in which part of the generated spectrum is visible as red radiation from the waveguide.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured spectra at the silicon nitride chip output. The spectra are progressively offset by 20 dB, and the pulse energy in the waveguide is indicated on the right side of each spectrum. Lines “A” and “B” highlight dispersive wave generation at short and long wavelengths, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Simulated spectral evolution of the generated supercontinuum. The short and long-wavelength dispersive waves are labeled A and B, respectively. The dashed lines are the predicted wavelength of the dispersive waves based on a phase-matching analysis. The circles indicate the experimentally measured peak wavelength of the short and long-wavelength features.

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