Abstract

Embedded optical sensors always require more compact, stable, and powerful laser sources. In this Letter, we present a fully integrated passively Q-switched laser, which has been realized by a Ag+/Na+ ion exchange on a Nd3+-doped phosphate glass. A BDN-doped cellulose acetate thick film is deposited on the waveguide, acting as an upper cladding and providing a distributed saturable absorption. At λ=1054nm, the device emits pulses of 1.3ns FWHM with a repetition rate of 28kHz. These performances, coupled with the 1kW peak power, are promising for applications such as supercontinuum generation.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, N. A. Sanford, and J. S. Hayden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 789 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Madasamy, S. Honkanen, D. F. Geraghty, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1332 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

R. Salas-Montiel, L. Bastard, G. Grosa, and J. E. Broquin, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 181 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

J. E. Broquin, Proc. SPIE 6475, 647507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2003 (2)

P. Madasamy, S. Honkanen, D. F. Geraghty, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnetes, and J. E. Broquin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint André, G. Clauss, M. Trouillon, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, R. P. Mirin, and N. A. Sanford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1351 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1997 (2)

A. Yeniay, J. M. P. Delavaux, J. Toulouse, D. Barbier, T. A. Strasser, and J. R. Pedrazanni, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1099 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Veasey, J. M. Gary, and J. Amin, Proc. SPIE 2996, 109 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. Lupascu, A. Kevorkian, T. Boudet, F. Saint-André, D. Persegol, and M. Levy, Opt. Eng. 35, 1603 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1991 (1)

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, Electron. Lett. 27, 334 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Amin, J.

D. L. Veasey, J. M. Gary, and J. Amin, Proc. SPIE 2996, 109 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Andres, M.

Aust, J. A.

Barbier, D.

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint André, G. Clauss, M. Trouillon, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Yeniay, J. M. P. Delavaux, J. Toulouse, D. Barbier, T. A. Strasser, and J. R. Pedrazanni, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1099 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bastard, L.

R. Salas-Montiel, L. Bastard, G. Grosa, and J. E. Broquin, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 181 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnetes, and J. E. Broquin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Blaize, S.

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnetes, and J. E. Broquin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Boudet, T.

A. Lupascu, A. Kevorkian, T. Boudet, F. Saint-André, D. Persegol, and M. Levy, Opt. Eng. 35, 1603 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Broquin, J. E.

R. Salas-Montiel, L. Bastard, G. Grosa, and J. E. Broquin, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 181 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Broquin, Proc. SPIE 6475, 647507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Bucci, J. Grelin, E. Ghibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, Electron. Lett. 42, 920 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnetes, and J. E. Broquin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bucci, D.

D. Bucci, J. Grelin, E. Ghibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, Electron. Lett. 42, 920 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Callicoatt, B. E.

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, R. P. Mirin, and N. A. Sanford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1351 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cassagnetes, C.

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnetes, and J. E. Broquin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Clauss, G.

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint André, G. Clauss, M. Trouillon, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Delavaux, J. M. P.

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint André, G. Clauss, M. Trouillon, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Yeniay, J. M. P. Delavaux, J. Toulouse, D. Barbier, T. A. Strasser, and J. R. Pedrazanni, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1099 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Delgado-Pinar, M.

Diez, A.

Funk, D. S.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, N. A. Sanford, and J. S. Hayden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 789 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gary, J. M.

D. L. Veasey, J. M. Gary, and J. Amin, Proc. SPIE 2996, 109 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Geraghty, D. F.

P. Madasamy, S. Honkanen, D. F. Geraghty, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ghibaudo, E.

D. Bucci, J. Grelin, E. Ghibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, Electron. Lett. 42, 920 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gini, E.

Grelin, J.

D. Bucci, J. Grelin, E. Ghibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, Electron. Lett. 42, 920 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Grosa, G.

R. Salas-Montiel, L. Bastard, G. Grosa, and J. E. Broquin, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 181 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Häring, R.

Hattori, K.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, Electron. Lett. 27, 334 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hayden, J. S.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, N. A. Sanford, and J. S. Hayden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 789 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Honkanen, S.

P. Madasamy, S. Honkanen, D. F. Geraghty, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Kevorkian, A.

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint André, G. Clauss, M. Trouillon, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Lupascu, A. Kevorkian, T. Boudet, F. Saint-André, D. Persegol, and M. Levy, Opt. Eng. 35, 1603 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kitagawa, T.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, Electron. Lett. 27, 334 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, M.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, Electron. Lett. 27, 334 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Levy, M.

A. Lupascu, A. Kevorkian, T. Boudet, F. Saint-André, D. Persegol, and M. Levy, Opt. Eng. 35, 1603 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lupascu, A.

A. Lupascu, A. Kevorkian, T. Boudet, F. Saint-André, D. Persegol, and M. Levy, Opt. Eng. 35, 1603 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Madasamy, P.

P. Madasamy, S. Honkanen, D. F. Geraghty, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Malone, K. J.

Melchior, H.

Mirin, R. P.

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, R. P. Mirin, and N. A. Sanford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1351 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, E.

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint André, G. Clauss, M. Trouillon, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mwarania, E. K.

J. S. Wilkinson and E. K. Mwarania, in Proceedings of the Third Microoptics Conference (1991), pp. 114–117.

Offerhaus, H. L.

Ohmori, Y.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, Electron. Lett. 27, 334 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Pedrazanni, J. R.

A. Yeniay, J. M. P. Delavaux, J. Toulouse, D. Barbier, T. A. Strasser, and J. R. Pedrazanni, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1099 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Perez-Millan, P.

Persegol, D.

A. Lupascu, A. Kevorkian, T. Boudet, F. Saint-André, D. Persegol, and M. Levy, Opt. Eng. 35, 1603 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

P. Madasamy, S. Honkanen, D. F. Geraghty, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rattay, M.

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint André, G. Clauss, M. Trouillon, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Roshko, A.

Saint André, F.

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint André, G. Clauss, M. Trouillon, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saint-André, F.

A. Lupascu, A. Kevorkian, T. Boudet, F. Saint-André, D. Persegol, and M. Levy, Opt. Eng. 35, 1603 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Salas-Montiel, R.

R. Salas-Montiel, L. Bastard, G. Grosa, and J. E. Broquin, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 181 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sanford, N. A.

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, R. P. Mirin, and N. A. Sanford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1351 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, N. A. Sanford, and J. S. Hayden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 789 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Aust, K. J. Malone, D. L. Veasey, N. A. Sanford, and A. Roshko, Opt. Lett. 19, 1849 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schlager, J. B.

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, R. P. Mirin, and N. A. Sanford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1351 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, M.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, Electron. Lett. 27, 334 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Strasser, T. A.

A. Yeniay, J. M. P. Delavaux, J. Toulouse, D. Barbier, T. A. Strasser, and J. R. Pedrazanni, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1099 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Toulouse, J.

A. Yeniay, J. M. P. Delavaux, J. Toulouse, D. Barbier, T. A. Strasser, and J. R. Pedrazanni, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1099 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Trouillon, M.

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint André, G. Clauss, M. Trouillon, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Veasey, D. L.

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, N. A. Sanford, and J. S. Hayden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 789 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Veasey, J. M. Gary, and J. Amin, Proc. SPIE 2996, 109 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Aust, K. J. Malone, D. L. Veasey, N. A. Sanford, and A. Roshko, Opt. Lett. 19, 1849 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilkinson, J. S.

J. S. Wilkinson and E. K. Mwarania, in Proceedings of the Third Microoptics Conference (1991), pp. 114–117.

Yeniay, A.

A. Yeniay, J. M. P. Delavaux, J. Toulouse, D. Barbier, T. A. Strasser, and J. R. Pedrazanni, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1099 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zalvidea, D.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, N. A. Sanford, and J. S. Hayden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 789 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Madasamy, S. Honkanen, D. F. Geraghty, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

D. Bucci, J. Grelin, E. Ghibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, Electron. Lett. 42, 920 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, Electron. Lett. 27, 334 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

J. B. Schlager, B. E. Callicoatt, R. P. Mirin, and N. A. Sanford, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1351 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint André, G. Clauss, M. Trouillon, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Yeniay, J. M. P. Delavaux, J. Toulouse, D. Barbier, T. A. Strasser, and J. R. Pedrazanni, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1099 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnetes, and J. E. Broquin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

R. Salas-Montiel, L. Bastard, G. Grosa, and J. E. Broquin, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 181 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

A. Lupascu, A. Kevorkian, T. Boudet, F. Saint-André, D. Persegol, and M. Levy, Opt. Eng. 35, 1603 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (2)

D. L. Veasey, J. M. Gary, and J. Amin, Proc. SPIE 2996, 109 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Broquin, Proc. SPIE 6475, 647507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. S. Wilkinson and E. K. Mwarania, in Proceedings of the Third Microoptics Conference (1991), pp. 114–117.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic view of the realized device. The output facet provides laser feedback due to Fresnel reflection and allows direct fiber coupling.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser output beam intensity picture with vertical and horizontal intensity profiles ( λ = 1054 nm ).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured laser peak power as a function of the BDN concentration.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temporal evolution of the optimized laser ( N BDN = 2.4 × 10 24 m 3 ) when pumped with 430 mW . Inset shows the shape of a single pulse.

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