Abstract

We propose the two-dimensional scanning probe operating with a single actuator, which is thought useful as a sample probe for optical coherence tomography (OCT). The probe was designed to use a single-body lensed fiber cantilever loaded with an iron-bead and driven by a single-solenoid actuator. Elliptic spiral trace patterns were achieved using off-axis magnetic fields of the solenoid. A three-dimensional OCT image was obtained for a scanning area of 3.8mm×3.4mm at an acquisition speed of 16.7 s/V. Up to 27Hz B-scan rate, the proposed probe worked well, and 1000 A-scans were made per each B-scan.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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H. P. Hu, K. D. Le, and J.-C. Chiao, Proc. SPIE 6109, 610906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2001

1998

G. Häusler and M. W. Lindner, J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 21 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1991

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aguirre, A. D.

Anderson, K. J.

Boppart, S. A.

Bouma, B. E.

Brezinski, M. E.

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, M.

Chen, Y.

Chiao, J.-C.

H. P. Hu, K. D. Le, and J.-C. Chiao, Proc. SPIE 6109, 610906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Choe, S.

Choi, H. Y.

Choi, W. J.

Christy, R. W.

J. R. Reitz, F. J. Milford, and R. W. Christy, Foundations of Electromagnetic Theory (Pearson, 1993).

Courtney, B. K.

Ding, Z.

Fan, L.

Fedder, G. K.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gelikonov, G. V.

A. M. Sergeev, V. M. Gelikonov, and G. V. Gelikonov, in Handbook of Optical Coherence Tomography, B.E.Bouma and G.J.Tearney, eds. (Marcel Dekker, 2002), pp. 125–142.

Gelikonov, V. M.

A. M. Sergeev, V. M. Gelikonov, and G. V. Gelikonov, in Handbook of Optical Coherence Tomography, B.E.Bouma and G.J.Tearney, eds. (Marcel Dekker, 2002), pp. 125–142.

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, S.

Häusler, G.

G. Häusler and M. W. Lindner, J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 21 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herz, P. R.

Hu, H. P.

H. P. Hu, K. D. Le, and J.-C. Chiao, Proc. SPIE 6109, 610906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le, K. D.

H. P. Hu, K. D. Le, and J.-C. Chiao, Proc. SPIE 6109, 610906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. H.

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lindner, M. W.

G. Häusler and M. W. Lindner, J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 21 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liu, G. Y.

Liu, L.

Luk, T.

Mariampillai, A.

Milford, F. J.

J. R. Reitz, F. J. Milford, and R. W. Christy, Foundations of Electromagnetic Theory (Pearson, 1993).

Min, E. J.

Munce, N. R.

Na, J.

Pan, Y.

Pitris, C.

Piyawattanametha, W.

Pop, M.

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reitz, J. R.

J. R. Reitz, F. J. Milford, and R. W. Christy, Foundations of Electromagnetic Theory (Pearson, 1993).

Ryu, S. Y.

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sergeev, A. M.

A. M. Sergeev, V. M. Gelikonov, and G. V. Gelikonov, in Handbook of Optical Coherence Tomography, B.E.Bouma and G.J.Tearney, eds. (Marcel Dekker, 2002), pp. 125–142.

Sorg, B. S.

Standish, B. A.

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, J.

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tearney, G. J.

Vitkin, I. A.

Wang, C.

Wang, K.

Wright, G. A.

Wu, L.

Wu, M. C.

Wu, T.

Xie, H.

Yang, V. X. D.

Appl. Opt.

J. Biomed. Opt.

G. Häusler and M. W. Lindner, J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 21 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

H. P. Hu, K. D. Le, and J.-C. Chiao, Proc. SPIE 6109, 610906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

A. M. Sergeev, V. M. Gelikonov, and G. V. Gelikonov, in Handbook of Optical Coherence Tomography, B.E.Bouma and G.J.Tearney, eds. (Marcel Dekker, 2002), pp. 125–142.

J. R. Reitz, F. J. Milford, and R. W. Christy, Foundations of Electromagnetic Theory (Pearson, 1993).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the probe and (b) photograph showing the actual scanning motion of the fiber cantilever. The red ring is a He–Ne laser beam in a circular scanning motion.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Driving current to a solenoid. It is assumed as an amplitude-modulated sinusoidal signal. (b) Plot of the magnetic field produced by the solenoid. The direction and amplitude vary with time and space. (c) Enlarged view of the inset of (b). It shows the trajectory of the bead for one modulation period. The dotted arrow curve is the trace just for one driving period.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimentally obtained trace of the beam emitting from the fiber cantilever; the trace was accumulatively taken during (a) 0–1.25 s, (b) 0.65–1.25 s, (c) 1.25–2.5 s, (d) 1.77–2.32 s, and (e) 0–2.5 s .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Photograph of a 1951 USAF resolution test target used as a sample, (b) en face SD OCT image in rectangular coordinate, and (c) reconfigured image.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Photograph of a Korean coin used as a volumetric sample, (b) en face SD OCT image in a conventional rectangular coordinate, (c) reconfigured image, and (d) 3D OCT image.

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