Abstract

A recent experiment probing the electronic nonlinearity in the femtosecond filament indicated that the optical Kerr effect not only saturates but even changes its sign at high intensities and thus switches from self-focusing to a strongly defocusing regime. Here we examine, through simulations and experiment, some implications of such a behavior. We perform comparative simulations based on the standard model on one hand and on a model implementing the intensity-dependent Kerr effect on the other. Comparison with an experiment provides a strong indication that of these two Kerr-effect models the standard model is better in capturing the observed length of the filament. However, neither of the models can reproduce length and filament radius. Possible implications are discussed.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. Wolf, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1633 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. L. Chin, F. Theberge, and W. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 86, 477(2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Aközbek, M. Scalora, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 191, 353 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, New J. Phys. 10, 053006 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. Loriot, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, and B. Lavorel, Opt. Express 17, 13429 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. V. Loriot, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, and B. Lavorel, Opt. Express 18, 3011 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, Phys. Rev. E 70, 036604(2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Schwarz, P. K. Rambo, and J.-C. Diels, Appl. Phys. B. 72, 343 (2001).

2010 (2)

V. Loriot, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, and B. Lavorel, Opt. Express 18, 3011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, New J. Phys. 10, 053006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. Wolf, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1633 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Chin, F. Theberge, and W. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 86, 477(2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, Phys. Rev. E 70, 036604(2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

J. Schwarz, P. K. Rambo, and J.-C. Diels, Appl. Phys. B. 72, 343 (2001).

N. Aközbek, M. Scalora, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 191, 353 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Aközbek, N.

N. Aközbek, M. Scalora, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 191, 353 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bejot, P.

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berge, L.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. Wolf, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1633 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bowden, C. M.

N. Aközbek, M. Scalora, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 191, 353 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

S. L. Chin, F. Theberge, and W. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 86, 477(2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Aközbek, M. Scalora, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 191, 353 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Couairon, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Diels, J.-C.

J. Schwarz, P. K. Rambo, and J.-C. Diels, Appl. Phys. B. 72, 343 (2001).

Faucher, O.

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Loriot, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, and B. Lavorel, Opt. Express 18, 3011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Loriot, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, and B. Lavorel, Opt. Express 17, 13429 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Henin, S.

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hertz, E.

V. Loriot, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, and B. Lavorel, Opt. Express 18, 3011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Loriot, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, and B. Lavorel, Opt. Express 17, 13429 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kasparian, J.

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. Wolf, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1633 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kolesik, M.

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, Phys. Rev. E 70, 036604(2004).
[CrossRef]

Lavorel, B.

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Loriot, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, and B. Lavorel, Opt. Express 18, 3011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Loriot, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, and B. Lavorel, Opt. Express 17, 13429 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, W.

S. L. Chin, F. Theberge, and W. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 86, 477(2007).
[CrossRef]

Loriot, V.

V. Loriot, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, and B. Lavorel, Opt. Express 18, 3011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Loriot, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, and B. Lavorel, Opt. Express 17, 13429 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Midorikawa, K.

M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, New J. Phys. 10, 053006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, Phys. Rev. E 70, 036604(2004).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nurhuda, M.

M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, New J. Phys. 10, 053006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nuter, R.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. Wolf, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1633 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rambo, P. K.

J. Schwarz, P. K. Rambo, and J.-C. Diels, Appl. Phys. B. 72, 343 (2001).

Scalora, M.

N. Aközbek, M. Scalora, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 191, 353 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schwarz, J.

J. Schwarz, P. K. Rambo, and J.-C. Diels, Appl. Phys. B. 72, 343 (2001).

Skupin, S.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. Wolf, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1633 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Suda, A.

M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, New J. Phys. 10, 053006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Theberge, F.

S. L. Chin, F. Theberge, and W. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 86, 477(2007).
[CrossRef]

Vieillard, T.

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, J.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. Wolf, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1633 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J.-P.

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

S. L. Chin, F. Theberge, and W. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 86, 477(2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

J. Schwarz, P. K. Rambo, and J.-C. Diels, Appl. Phys. B. 72, 343 (2001).

New J. Phys. (1)

M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, New J. Phys. 10, 053006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. Aközbek, M. Scalora, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 191, 353 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, Phys. Rev. E 70, 036604(2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. Wolf, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1633 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Aerodynamic window and its pressure distribution and (b) linear attenuator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Filament radius, measured at the fluence profile 1 / e 2 point, versus the propagation distance. The solid and dashed curves represent the standard and intensity- dependent Kerr effect models, respectively, for the initial pulse energy of 2.0 mJ . The symbols show experimental measurements for the 9 mJ (green triangles) and 11 mJ (red squares) pulse energy, respectively. Because of a high experimental threshold, at these pulse energies the “distance” above the threshold is comparable in the experiment and simulations.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparative simulation results for different ionization models and imperfect launch beam profile. See text for details.

Metrics