Abstract

An interferometric sensor based on nonmetallic silica optical fiber is presented as an ultrasonic wideband transducer for optoacoustic imaging applications. We have characterized the sensitivity of the optical fiber sensor by detecting optoacoustic signals from an optically absorbing object embedded in a tissue-mimicking phantom and have compared the signals recorded with those detected from the same phantom using an array of piezoelectric transducers. The optical fiber sensor was also scanned along the phantom surface in order to reconstruct two-dimensional optoacoustic images of the phantom. These images have been compared with images obtained using the Laser Optoacoustic Imaging System, LOIS-64B, demonstrating the feasibility of our fiber-optic sensor as a wideband ultrasonic transducer.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. A. Oraevsky, S. L. Jacques, and F. K. Tittel, Proc. SPIE 1882, 86 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. H. V. Wang, Photoacoustic Imaging and Spectroscopy, 1st ed., Optical Science and Engineering Series (CRC Press, 2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Zhang, J. Laufer, and P. Beard, Appl. Opt. 47, 561 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. Wilkens and C. Koch, Opt. Lett. 24, 1026 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. De Paula, J. H. Cole, and J. A. Bucaro, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 390 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Wen, D. G. Wiesler, A. Tveten, B. Danver, and A. Dandridge, Ultrason. Imaging 20, 103 (1998).
    [PubMed]
  8. R. Nuster, S. Gratt, K. Passler, H. Grün, T. Berer, P. Burgholzer, and G. Paltauf, Proc. SPIE 7177, 71770T (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, M. Haltmeier, and P. Burgholzer, Appl. Opt. 46, 3352 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. A. Ermilov, T. Khamapirad, A. Conjusteau, M. H. Leonard, R. Lacewell, K. Mehta, T. Miller, and A. Oraevsky, J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 024007 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. C. Gallego and H. Lamela, Opt. Lett. 34, 1807 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  13. R. A. Kruger, D. R. Reinecke, and G. A. Kruger, Med. Phys. 26, 1832 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

R. Nuster, S. Gratt, K. Passler, H. Grün, T. Berer, P. Burgholzer, and G. Paltauf, Proc. SPIE 7177, 71770T (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Ermilov, T. Khamapirad, A. Conjusteau, M. H. Leonard, R. Lacewell, K. Mehta, T. Miller, and A. Oraevsky, J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 024007 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Gallego and H. Lamela, Opt. Lett. 34, 1807 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

G. M. Spirou, A. A. Oraevsky, I. A. Vitkin, and W. M. Whelan, Phys. Med. Biol. 50, N141 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (3)

R. A. Kruger, D. R. Reinecke, and G. A. Kruger, Med. Phys. 26, 1832 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Wilkens and C. Koch, Opt. Lett. 24, 1026 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. Wen, D. G. Wiesler, A. Tveten, B. Danver, and A. Dandridge, Ultrason. Imaging 20, 103 (1998).
[PubMed]

1993 (1)

A. A. Oraevsky, S. L. Jacques, and F. K. Tittel, Proc. SPIE 1882, 86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

R. De Paula, J. H. Cole, and J. A. Bucaro, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 390 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Beard, P.

Bennion, I.

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Berer, T.

R. Nuster, S. Gratt, K. Passler, H. Grün, T. Berer, P. Burgholzer, and G. Paltauf, Proc. SPIE 7177, 71770T (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bucaro, J. A.

R. De Paula, J. H. Cole, and J. A. Bucaro, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 390 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Burgholzer, P.

R. Nuster, S. Gratt, K. Passler, H. Grün, T. Berer, P. Burgholzer, and G. Paltauf, Proc. SPIE 7177, 71770T (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, M. Haltmeier, and P. Burgholzer, Appl. Opt. 46, 3352 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cole, J. H.

R. De Paula, J. H. Cole, and J. A. Bucaro, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 390 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Conjusteau, A.

S. A. Ermilov, T. Khamapirad, A. Conjusteau, M. H. Leonard, R. Lacewell, K. Mehta, T. Miller, and A. Oraevsky, J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 024007 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dandridge, A.

H. Wen, D. G. Wiesler, A. Tveten, B. Danver, and A. Dandridge, Ultrason. Imaging 20, 103 (1998).
[PubMed]

Danver, B.

H. Wen, D. G. Wiesler, A. Tveten, B. Danver, and A. Dandridge, Ultrason. Imaging 20, 103 (1998).
[PubMed]

De Paula, R.

R. De Paula, J. H. Cole, and J. A. Bucaro, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 390 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ermilov, S. A.

S. A. Ermilov, T. Khamapirad, A. Conjusteau, M. H. Leonard, R. Lacewell, K. Mehta, T. Miller, and A. Oraevsky, J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 024007 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fisher, N. E.

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gallego, D. C.

Gavrilov, L. R.

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gratt, S.

R. Nuster, S. Gratt, K. Passler, H. Grün, T. Berer, P. Burgholzer, and G. Paltauf, Proc. SPIE 7177, 71770T (2009).
[CrossRef]

Grün, H.

R. Nuster, S. Gratt, K. Passler, H. Grün, T. Berer, P. Burgholzer, and G. Paltauf, Proc. SPIE 7177, 71770T (2009).
[CrossRef]

Haltmeier, M.

Hand, J. W.

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, D. A.

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jacques, S. L.

A. A. Oraevsky, S. L. Jacques, and F. K. Tittel, Proc. SPIE 1882, 86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Khamapirad, T.

S. A. Ermilov, T. Khamapirad, A. Conjusteau, M. H. Leonard, R. Lacewell, K. Mehta, T. Miller, and A. Oraevsky, J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 024007 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koch, C.

Kruger, G. A.

R. A. Kruger, D. R. Reinecke, and G. A. Kruger, Med. Phys. 26, 1832 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kruger, R. A.

R. A. Kruger, D. R. Reinecke, and G. A. Kruger, Med. Phys. 26, 1832 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lacewell, R.

S. A. Ermilov, T. Khamapirad, A. Conjusteau, M. H. Leonard, R. Lacewell, K. Mehta, T. Miller, and A. Oraevsky, J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 024007 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lamela, H.

Laufer, J.

Leonard, M. H.

S. A. Ermilov, T. Khamapirad, A. Conjusteau, M. H. Leonard, R. Lacewell, K. Mehta, T. Miller, and A. Oraevsky, J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 024007 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mehta, K.

S. A. Ermilov, T. Khamapirad, A. Conjusteau, M. H. Leonard, R. Lacewell, K. Mehta, T. Miller, and A. Oraevsky, J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 024007 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miller, T.

S. A. Ermilov, T. Khamapirad, A. Conjusteau, M. H. Leonard, R. Lacewell, K. Mehta, T. Miller, and A. Oraevsky, J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 024007 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nuster, R.

R. Nuster, S. Gratt, K. Passler, H. Grün, T. Berer, P. Burgholzer, and G. Paltauf, Proc. SPIE 7177, 71770T (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, M. Haltmeier, and P. Burgholzer, Appl. Opt. 46, 3352 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oraevsky, A.

S. A. Ermilov, T. Khamapirad, A. Conjusteau, M. H. Leonard, R. Lacewell, K. Mehta, T. Miller, and A. Oraevsky, J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 024007 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oraevsky, A. A.

G. M. Spirou, A. A. Oraevsky, I. A. Vitkin, and W. M. Whelan, Phys. Med. Biol. 50, N141 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Oraevsky, S. L. Jacques, and F. K. Tittel, Proc. SPIE 1882, 86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Paltauf, G.

R. Nuster, S. Gratt, K. Passler, H. Grün, T. Berer, P. Burgholzer, and G. Paltauf, Proc. SPIE 7177, 71770T (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, M. Haltmeier, and P. Burgholzer, Appl. Opt. 46, 3352 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pannell, C. N.

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Passler, K.

R. Nuster, S. Gratt, K. Passler, H. Grün, T. Berer, P. Burgholzer, and G. Paltauf, Proc. SPIE 7177, 71770T (2009).
[CrossRef]

Reinecke, D. R.

R. A. Kruger, D. R. Reinecke, and G. A. Kruger, Med. Phys. 26, 1832 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spirou, G. M.

G. M. Spirou, A. A. Oraevsky, I. A. Vitkin, and W. M. Whelan, Phys. Med. Biol. 50, N141 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tittel, F. K.

A. A. Oraevsky, S. L. Jacques, and F. K. Tittel, Proc. SPIE 1882, 86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tveten, A.

H. Wen, D. G. Wiesler, A. Tveten, B. Danver, and A. Dandridge, Ultrason. Imaging 20, 103 (1998).
[PubMed]

Vitkin, I. A.

G. M. Spirou, A. A. Oraevsky, I. A. Vitkin, and W. M. Whelan, Phys. Med. Biol. 50, N141 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L. H. V.

L. H. V. Wang, Photoacoustic Imaging and Spectroscopy, 1st ed., Optical Science and Engineering Series (CRC Press, 2009).
[CrossRef]

Webb, D. J.

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wen, H.

H. Wen, D. G. Wiesler, A. Tveten, B. Danver, and A. Dandridge, Ultrason. Imaging 20, 103 (1998).
[PubMed]

Whelan, W. M.

G. M. Spirou, A. A. Oraevsky, I. A. Vitkin, and W. M. Whelan, Phys. Med. Biol. 50, N141 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiesler, D. G.

H. Wen, D. G. Wiesler, A. Tveten, B. Danver, and A. Dandridge, Ultrason. Imaging 20, 103 (1998).
[PubMed]

Wilkens, V.

Zhang, E.

Zhang, L.

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

S. A. Ermilov, T. Khamapirad, A. Conjusteau, M. H. Leonard, R. Lacewell, K. Mehta, T. Miller, and A. Oraevsky, J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 024007 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

R. De Paula, J. H. Cole, and J. A. Bucaro, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 390 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Med. Phys. (1)

R. A. Kruger, D. R. Reinecke, and G. A. Kruger, Med. Phys. 26, 1832 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

G. M. Spirou, A. A. Oraevsky, I. A. Vitkin, and W. M. Whelan, Phys. Med. Biol. 50, N141 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (3)

N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Proc. SPIE 3541, 27 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Nuster, S. Gratt, K. Passler, H. Grün, T. Berer, P. Burgholzer, and G. Paltauf, Proc. SPIE 7177, 71770T (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Oraevsky, S. L. Jacques, and F. K. Tittel, Proc. SPIE 1882, 86 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ultrason. Imaging (1)

H. Wen, D. G. Wiesler, A. Tveten, B. Danver, and A. Dandridge, Ultrason. Imaging 20, 103 (1998).
[PubMed]

Other (1)

L. H. V. Wang, Photoacoustic Imaging and Spectroscopy, 1st ed., Optical Science and Engineering Series (CRC Press, 2009).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Optoacoustic experimental setup assembled for comparison of fiber-optic and piezoelectric transducers. (b) Schematic diagram showing cylindrical phantom placed in an arc-shaped array of PVDF transducers and a fiber-optic sensor located on the top. (c) Photograph of a cylindrical PVCP phantom placed at the top of the cylindrical phantom with a fiber optic sensor attached at the top. The fiber optic sensor has a contact area of 5 mm × 5 mm . The piezoelectric elements of the PVDF array have dimensions of 0.1 mm × 2 mm × 20 mm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Optoacoustic signal received by channel 30 of the LOIS system array expressed in pressure units. (b) Optoacoustic signal detected by an intrinsic fiber optic sensor on the opposite side of the phantom.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Diagram showing location of the embedded object in the PVCP phantom. (b) Optoacoustic image as displayed by LOIS utilizing an array of 64 PVDF transducers. (c) Optoacoustic image reconstructed from signals of fiber-optic sensor.

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