Abstract

A birefringence measurement system is introduced to get high phase resolution for detection of low contents of biochemicals. By using a fixed quarter-wave plate and a rotating polarizer, the phase difference between two orthogonal polarizations is transformed into phase delay of output sinusoidal signal. Analyzing the output phase, birefringence change could be detected with a phase noise of 0.14°. As well as the birefringence measurement system, an optical evanescent waveguide sensor was developed. A rib-type silica waveguide overlaid with TiO2 film was fabricated, and a developed birefringence measurement technique was employed in evaluating a refractive index change on waveguide surface. For the fabricated waveguide with a 40-nm-thick TiO2 film, experiment results showed that the minimum detectable index change was 5.9×107.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. N. Chryssis, S. M. Lee, S. B. Lee, S. S. Saini, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1253 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Prieto, B. Sepúlveda, A. Calle, A. Llobera, C. Domínguez, and L. M. Lechuga, Sens. Actuators B 92, 151 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. D. Harris, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, and R. A. Abuknesha, Biosens. Bioelectron. 14, 377 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Z.-M. Qi, K. Itoh, M. Murabayashi, and C. R. Lavers, Opt. Lett. 25, 1427 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z.-M. Qi, K. Itoh, and H. Yanagi, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1106 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. N. Chryssis, S. M. Lee, S. B. Lee, S. S. Saini, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

F. Prieto, B. Sepúlveda, A. Calle, A. Llobera, C. Domínguez, and L. M. Lechuga, Sens. Actuators B 92, 151 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

1999 (1)

R. D. Harris, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, and R. A. Abuknesha, Biosens. Bioelectron. 14, 377 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abuknesha, R. A.

R. D. Harris, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, and R. A. Abuknesha, Biosens. Bioelectron. 14, 377 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brecht, A.

R. D. Harris, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, and R. A. Abuknesha, Biosens. Bioelectron. 14, 377 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calle, A.

F. Prieto, B. Sepúlveda, A. Calle, A. Llobera, C. Domínguez, and L. M. Lechuga, Sens. Actuators B 92, 151 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chryssis, A. N.

A. N. Chryssis, S. M. Lee, S. B. Lee, S. S. Saini, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dagenais, M.

A. N. Chryssis, S. M. Lee, S. B. Lee, S. S. Saini, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Domínguez, C.

F. Prieto, B. Sepúlveda, A. Calle, A. Llobera, C. Domínguez, and L. M. Lechuga, Sens. Actuators B 92, 151 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gauglitz, G.

R. D. Harris, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, and R. A. Abuknesha, Biosens. Bioelectron. 14, 377 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, R. D.

R. D. Harris, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, and R. A. Abuknesha, Biosens. Bioelectron. 14, 377 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Itoh, K.

Lavers, C. R.

Lechuga, L. M.

F. Prieto, B. Sepúlveda, A. Calle, A. Llobera, C. Domínguez, and L. M. Lechuga, Sens. Actuators B 92, 151 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

A. N. Chryssis, S. M. Lee, S. B. Lee, S. S. Saini, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. M.

A. N. Chryssis, S. M. Lee, S. B. Lee, S. S. Saini, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Llobera, A.

F. Prieto, B. Sepúlveda, A. Calle, A. Llobera, C. Domínguez, and L. M. Lechuga, Sens. Actuators B 92, 151 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Luff, B. J.

R. D. Harris, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, and R. A. Abuknesha, Biosens. Bioelectron. 14, 377 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murabayashi, M.

Piehler, J.

R. D. Harris, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, and R. A. Abuknesha, Biosens. Bioelectron. 14, 377 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prieto, F.

F. Prieto, B. Sepúlveda, A. Calle, A. Llobera, C. Domínguez, and L. M. Lechuga, Sens. Actuators B 92, 151 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Qi, Z. -M.

Saini, S. S.

A. N. Chryssis, S. M. Lee, S. B. Lee, S. S. Saini, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sepúlveda, B.

F. Prieto, B. Sepúlveda, A. Calle, A. Llobera, C. Domínguez, and L. M. Lechuga, Sens. Actuators B 92, 151 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, J. S.

R. D. Harris, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, and R. A. Abuknesha, Biosens. Bioelectron. 14, 377 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yanagi, H.

Biosens. Bioelectron. (1)

R. D. Harris, B. J. Luff, J. S. Wilkinson, J. Piehler, A. Brecht, G. Gauglitz, and R. A. Abuknesha, Biosens. Bioelectron. 14, 377 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. N. Chryssis, S. M. Lee, S. B. Lee, S. S. Saini, and M. Dagenais, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sens. Actuators B (1)

F. Prieto, B. Sepúlveda, A. Calle, A. Llobera, C. Domínguez, and L. M. Lechuga, Sens. Actuators B 92, 151 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the proposed refractometer using a rotating polarizer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured signal under the condition of different polarizations. (a) Electrical signal from the photodiode. (b) Calculated phase difference of Δ ϕ .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of waveguide surface sensor.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured phase change owing to surface index change.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

V I N = V 0 ( cos   η sin   η e j ϕ 0 ) ,
V w g = V 0 ( cos   η e ( α x + j β x ) L sin   η e ( α y + j β y ) L j ϕ o ) = e j ϕ x ( V T E V T M e j Δ ϕ ) ,
ϕ x = β x L ,     Δ ϕ = ( β x β y ) L ϕ 0 ;
W Q W P , 45 ° = R ( 45 ° ) ( 1 0 0 j ) R ( 45 ° ) ,
W p o l = R ( θ ) ( 1 0 0 0 ) R ( θ ) ,
V O U T = W p o l W Q W P , 45 ° V w g = e j ( π / 4 ϕ 0 ) 2 ( V T E e j θ j V T M e j ( θ + Δ ϕ ) ) ( cos   θ sin   θ ) .
I O U T = V O U T V O U T = 1 2 ( V T E 2 + V T M 2 + 2 V T E V T M   sin ( 2 θ + Δ ϕ ) ) .
Δ ϕ = 720 δ / Λ .

Metrics