We report the measurement of the hemoglobin (Hb) oxygen saturation level in human blood with a spectroscopic spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SSD-OCT) system based on the crossover behavior of Hb and oxyhemoglobin absorption coefficients around . By calculating the ratio of the exponential decay constant of A-mode scan signal in the long-wavelength range over that in the short-wavelength range , the relative oxygen saturation level of Hb can be calibrated. Such a relative level can be used for practical diagnosis application after a golden standard is built by comparing the variation of the OCT result with that of a conventional method, such as the use of a blood gas analyzer. In our experiment, the variation curve based on the SSD-OCT measurement, which has the advantages of noninvasive, real-time, and high-resolution measurements, is coincident with that of using a commercial blood gas analyzer.
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