Abstract

A simple refractive index sensor based on a Michelson interferometer in a single-mode fiber is constructed and demonstrated. The sensor consists of a single symmetrically abrupt taper region in a short piece of single-mode fiber that is terminated by 500nm thick gold coating. The sensitivity of the new sensor is similar to that of a long-period-grating-type sensor, and its ease of fabrication offers a low-cost alternative to current sensing applications.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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Z. Tian, S. S.-H. Yam, J. Barnes, W. Bock, P. Greig, J. M. Fraser, H. P. Loock, and R. D. Oleschuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

Y. He and F. G. Shi, Opt. Commun. 260, 127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Yuan, J. Yang, Z. Liu, and J. Sun, Opt. Lett. 13, 2692 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

J. F. Ding, A. P. Zhang, L. Y. Shao, J. H. Yan, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

P. L. Swart, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

T. Allsop, R. Reeves, D. J. Webb, I. Bennion, and R. Neal, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1702 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

1998

1991

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, IEE Proc. 138, 343 (1991).

Allsop, T.

T. Allsop, R. Reeves, D. J. Webb, I. Bennion, and R. Neal, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1702 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Araújo, F. M.

Barnes, J.

Z. Tian, S. S.-H. Yam, J. Barnes, W. Bock, P. Greig, J. M. Fraser, H. P. Loock, and R. D. Oleschuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

T. Allsop, R. Reeves, D. J. Webb, I. Bennion, and R. Neal, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1702 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Black, R. J.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, IEE Proc. 138, 343 (1991).

Bock, W.

Z. Tian, S. S.-H. Yam, J. Barnes, W. Bock, P. Greig, J. M. Fraser, H. P. Loock, and R. D. Oleschuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bucholtz, F.

Caldas, P.

Ding, J. F.

J. F. Ding, A. P. Zhang, L. Y. Shao, J. H. Yan, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ferdinand, P.

G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ferreira, L. A.

Fraser, J. M.

Z. Tian, S. S.-H. Yam, J. Barnes, W. Bock, P. Greig, J. M. Fraser, H. P. Loock, and R. D. Oleschuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Frazão, O.

Gonthier, F.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, IEE Proc. 138, 343 (1991).

Greig, P.

Z. Tian, S. S.-H. Yam, J. Barnes, W. Bock, P. Greig, J. M. Fraser, H. P. Loock, and R. D. Oleschuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

He, S.

J. F. Ding, A. P. Zhang, L. Y. Shao, J. H. Yan, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

He, Y.

Y. He and F. G. Shi, Opt. Commun. 260, 127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Henry, W. M.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, IEE Proc. 138, 343 (1991).

Kersey, A. D.

Lacroix, S.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, IEE Proc. 138, 343 (1991).

Laffont, G.

G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laine, J. P.

Little, B. E.

Liu, Z.

L. Yuan, J. Yang, Z. Liu, and J. Sun, Opt. Lett. 13, 2692 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Loock, H. P.

Z. Tian, S. S.-H. Yam, J. Barnes, W. Bock, P. Greig, J. M. Fraser, H. P. Loock, and R. D. Oleschuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Love, J. D.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, IEE Proc. 138, 343 (1991).

Neal, R.

T. Allsop, R. Reeves, D. J. Webb, I. Bennion, and R. Neal, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1702 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Oleschuk, R. D.

Z. Tian, S. S.-H. Yam, J. Barnes, W. Bock, P. Greig, J. M. Fraser, H. P. Loock, and R. D. Oleschuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Patrick, H. J.

Reeves, R.

T. Allsop, R. Reeves, D. J. Webb, I. Bennion, and R. Neal, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1702 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Santos, J. L.

Shao, L. Y.

J. F. Ding, A. P. Zhang, L. Y. Shao, J. H. Yan, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shi, F. G.

Y. He and F. G. Shi, Opt. Commun. 260, 127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, W. J.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, IEE Proc. 138, 343 (1991).

Sun, J.

L. Yuan, J. Yang, Z. Liu, and J. Sun, Opt. Lett. 13, 2692 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Swart, P. L.

P. L. Swart, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Z.

Z. Tian, S. S.-H. Yam, J. Barnes, W. Bock, P. Greig, J. M. Fraser, H. P. Loock, and R. D. Oleschuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Webb, D. J.

T. Allsop, R. Reeves, D. J. Webb, I. Bennion, and R. Neal, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1702 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yam, S. S.-H.

Z. Tian, S. S.-H. Yam, J. Barnes, W. Bock, P. Greig, J. M. Fraser, H. P. Loock, and R. D. Oleschuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yan, J. H.

J. F. Ding, A. P. Zhang, L. Y. Shao, J. H. Yan, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

L. Yuan, J. Yang, Z. Liu, and J. Sun, Opt. Lett. 13, 2692 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, L.

L. Yuan, J. Yang, Z. Liu, and J. Sun, Opt. Lett. 13, 2692 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, A. P.

J. F. Ding, A. P. Zhang, L. Y. Shao, J. H. Yan, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc.

J. D. Love, W. M. Henry, W. J. Stewart, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and F. Gonthier, IEE Proc. 138, 343 (1991).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Z. Tian, S. S.-H. Yam, J. Barnes, W. Bock, P. Greig, J. M. Fraser, H. P. Loock, and R. D. Oleschuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Ding, A. P. Zhang, L. Y. Shao, J. H. Yan, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Meas. Sci. Technol.

P. L. Swart, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

Y. He and F. G. Shi, Opt. Commun. 260, 127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

T. Allsop, R. Reeves, D. J. Webb, I. Bennion, and R. Neal, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1702 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Taper-based SMF Michelson interferometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

One 3 dB taper made by a fusion splicer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectrum of Michelson interferometer in air ( 0 mm ) and distilled water ( 38 mm ) .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Wavelength, λ m , shift owing to the different immersion length in distilled water.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Wavelength, λ m , shift owing to different RI of a series of DMSO–water solutions.

Equations (3)

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Φ = 4 π Δ n eff L λ ,
λ m = 4 π Δ n eff L ( 2 m + 1 ) π ,
δ λ m 4 π L δ n eff .

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