Abstract

Fluorescence fluctuation spectroscopy is applied to study molecules passing through a small observation volume, usually subjected to diffusive or convective motion in a liquid phase. We suggest that such a technique could be used to measure the areal absolute concentration of fluorophores deposited on a substrate or embedded in a thin film, with a resolution of a few micrometers. The principle is to translate the solid substrate in front of a confocal fluorescence microscope objective and to record the subsequent fluctuations of the fluorescence intensity. The validity of this concept is investigated on model substrates (fluorescent microspheres) and DNA biochips.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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