Abstract

At the present, the local optical properties of nanostructured materials are difficult to be measured by available instrumentation. We investigated the capability of plasmonic force spectroscopy of measuring the optical response at the nanoscale. The proposed technique is based on force measurements performed by combining Atomic Force Microscopy, or optical tweezers, and adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons. We show that the optical forces, caused by the plasmonic field, depend on the local response of the substrates and, in principle, allow probing both the real and the imaginary part of the local permittivity with a spatial resolution of few nanometers.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]

2012

C. Chen, M. L. Juan, Y. Li, G. Maes, G. Borghs, P. Van Dorpe, and R. Quidant, “Enhanced optical trapping and arrangement of nano-objects in a plasmonic nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 125–132 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mohammadi and M. Agio, “Light scattering under nanofocusing: toward coherent nanoscopies,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3383–3389 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Proietti Zaccaria, A. Alabastri, F. De Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, A. Toma, A. Giugni, L. Razzari, M. Malerba, H. B. Sun, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Fully analytical description of adiabatic compression in dissipative polaritonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035410 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Zaccaria, F. De Angelis, A. Toma, L. Razzari, A. Alabastri, G. Das, C. Liberale, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Surface plasmon polariton compression through radially and linearly polarized source,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 545–547 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

F. De Angelis, R. P. Zaccaria, M. Francardi, C. Liberale, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Multi-scheme approach for efficient surface plasmon polariton generation in metallic conical tips on AFM-based cantilevers,” Opt. Express 19(22), 22268–22279 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Song, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Dong, E. Di Fabrizio, M. B. Yu, and G. Q. Lo, “Evolution of modes in a metal-coated nano-fiber,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25206–25221 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. De Angelis, C. Liberale, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Emerging fabrication techniques for 3D nano-structuring in plasmonics and single molecule studies,” Nanoscale 3(7), 2689–2696 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Berweger, J. M. Atkin, X. G. Xu, R. L. Olmon, and M. B. Raschke, “Femtosecond nanofocusing with full optical waveform control,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4309–4313 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kohoutek, D. Dey, A. Bonakdar, R. Gelfand, A. Sklar, O. G. Memis, and H. Mohseni, “Opto-mechanical force mapping of deep subwavelength plasmonic modes,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3378–3382 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

N. C. Lindquist, P. Nagpal, A. Lesuffleur, D. J. Norris, and S. H. Oh, “Three-dimensional plasmonic nanofocusing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1369–1373 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Schmidt, B. Harteneck, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, and S. Cabrini, “Functional plasmonic antenna scanning probes fabricated by induced-deposition mask lithography,” Nanotechnology 21(6), 065306 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: a nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Baffou, R. Quidant, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Nanoscale control of optical heating in complex plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 4(2), 709–716 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. W. Chen, V. Sandoghdar, and M. Agio, “Nanofocusing radially-polarized beams for high-throughput funneling of optical energy to the near field,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10878–10887 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

K. C. Neuman and A. Nagy, “Single-molecule force spectroscopy: optical tweezers, magnetic tweezers and atomic force microscopy,” Nat. Methods 5(6), 491–505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Righini, A. S. Zelenina, C. Girard, and R. Quidant, “Parallel and selective trapping in a patterned plasmonic landscape,” Nat. Phys. 3(7), 477–480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Youn, T. H. Rho, B. I. Min, and K. S. Kim, “Extended Drude model analysis of noble metals,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 244(4), 1354–1362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004

M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 137404 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

2002

P. C. Chaumet, A. Rahmani, and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, “Optical trapping and manipulation of nano-objects with an apertureless probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(12), 123601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(4), 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993

H. Hövel, S. Fritz, A. Hilger, U. Kreibig, and M. Vollmer, “Width of cluster plasmon resonances: bulk dielectric functions and chemical interface damping,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(24), 18178–18188 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Accardo, A.

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Agio, M.

Alabastri, A.

R. P. Zaccaria, F. De Angelis, A. Toma, L. Razzari, A. Alabastri, G. Das, C. Liberale, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Surface plasmon polariton compression through radially and linearly polarized source,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 545–547 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Proietti Zaccaria, A. Alabastri, F. De Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, A. Toma, A. Giugni, L. Razzari, M. Malerba, H. B. Sun, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Fully analytical description of adiabatic compression in dissipative polaritonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035410 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Andreani, L. C.

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arias-González, J. R.

Ashby, P.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atkin, J. M.

S. Berweger, J. M. Atkin, X. G. Xu, R. L. Olmon, and M. B. Raschke, “Femtosecond nanofocusing with full optical waveform control,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4309–4313 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baffou, G.

G. Baffou, R. Quidant, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Nanoscale control of optical heating in complex plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 4(2), 709–716 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bek, A.

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berweger, S.

S. Berweger, J. M. Atkin, X. G. Xu, R. L. Olmon, and M. B. Raschke, “Femtosecond nanofocusing with full optical waveform control,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4309–4313 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: a nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bian, R. X.

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(4), 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bokor, J.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonakdar, A.

J. Kohoutek, D. Dey, A. Bonakdar, R. Gelfand, A. Sklar, O. G. Memis, and H. Mohseni, “Opto-mechanical force mapping of deep subwavelength plasmonic modes,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3378–3382 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borghs, G.

C. Chen, M. L. Juan, Y. Li, G. Maes, G. Borghs, P. Van Dorpe, and R. Quidant, “Enhanced optical trapping and arrangement of nano-objects in a plasmonic nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 125–132 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bragheri, F.

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Businaro, L.

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cabrini, S.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Schmidt, B. Harteneck, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, and S. Cabrini, “Functional plasmonic antenna scanning probes fabricated by induced-deposition mask lithography,” Nanotechnology 21(6), 065306 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Candeloro, P.

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chaumet, P. C.

P. C. Chaumet, A. Rahmani, and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, “Optical trapping and manipulation of nano-objects with an apertureless probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(12), 123601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, C.

C. Chen, M. L. Juan, Y. Li, G. Maes, G. Borghs, P. Van Dorpe, and R. Quidant, “Enhanced optical trapping and arrangement of nano-objects in a plasmonic nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 125–132 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, X. W.

Cingolani, R.

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cojoc, G.

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. De Angelis, C. Liberale, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Emerging fabrication techniques for 3D nano-structuring in plasmonics and single molecule studies,” Nanoscale 3(7), 2689–2696 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coluccio, M. L.

F. De Angelis, C. Liberale, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Emerging fabrication techniques for 3D nano-structuring in plasmonics and single molecule studies,” Nanoscale 3(7), 2689–2696 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cornaglia, M.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cristiani, I.

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cuda, G.

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Das, G.

R. P. Zaccaria, F. De Angelis, A. Toma, L. Razzari, A. Alabastri, G. Das, C. Liberale, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Surface plasmon polariton compression through radially and linearly polarized source,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 545–547 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Proietti Zaccaria, A. Alabastri, F. De Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, A. Toma, A. Giugni, L. Razzari, M. Malerba, H. B. Sun, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Fully analytical description of adiabatic compression in dissipative polaritonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035410 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Angelis, F.

R. Proietti Zaccaria, A. Alabastri, F. De Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, A. Toma, A. Giugni, L. Razzari, M. Malerba, H. B. Sun, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Fully analytical description of adiabatic compression in dissipative polaritonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035410 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Zaccaria, F. De Angelis, A. Toma, L. Razzari, A. Alabastri, G. Das, C. Liberale, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Surface plasmon polariton compression through radially and linearly polarized source,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 545–547 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. De Angelis, C. Liberale, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Emerging fabrication techniques for 3D nano-structuring in plasmonics and single molecule studies,” Nanoscale 3(7), 2689–2696 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, R. P. Zaccaria, M. Francardi, C. Liberale, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Multi-scheme approach for efficient surface plasmon polariton generation in metallic conical tips on AFM-based cantilevers,” Opt. Express 19(22), 22268–22279 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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J. Kohoutek, D. Dey, A. Bonakdar, R. Gelfand, A. Sklar, O. G. Memis, and H. Mohseni, “Opto-mechanical force mapping of deep subwavelength plasmonic modes,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3378–3382 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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R. P. Zaccaria, F. De Angelis, A. Toma, L. Razzari, A. Alabastri, G. Das, C. Liberale, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Surface plasmon polariton compression through radially and linearly polarized source,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 545–547 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Proietti Zaccaria, A. Alabastri, F. De Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, A. Toma, A. Giugni, L. Razzari, M. Malerba, H. B. Sun, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Fully analytical description of adiabatic compression in dissipative polaritonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035410 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. De Angelis, C. Liberale, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Emerging fabrication techniques for 3D nano-structuring in plasmonics and single molecule studies,” Nanoscale 3(7), 2689–2696 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, R. P. Zaccaria, M. Francardi, C. Liberale, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Multi-scheme approach for efficient surface plasmon polariton generation in metallic conical tips on AFM-based cantilevers,” Opt. Express 19(22), 22268–22279 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Song, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Dong, E. Di Fabrizio, M. B. Yu, and G. Q. Lo, “Evolution of modes in a metal-coated nano-fiber,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25206–25221 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 723–727 (2007).
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F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
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R. Proietti Zaccaria, A. Alabastri, F. De Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, A. Toma, A. Giugni, L. Razzari, M. Malerba, H. B. Sun, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Fully analytical description of adiabatic compression in dissipative polaritonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035410 (2012).
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A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Schmidt, B. Harteneck, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, and S. Cabrini, “Functional plasmonic antenna scanning probes fabricated by induced-deposition mask lithography,” Nanotechnology 21(6), 065306 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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H. Hövel, S. Fritz, A. Hilger, U. Kreibig, and M. Vollmer, “Width of cluster plasmon resonances: bulk dielectric functions and chemical interface damping,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(24), 18178–18188 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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H. Hövel, S. Fritz, A. Hilger, U. Kreibig, and M. Vollmer, “Width of cluster plasmon resonances: bulk dielectric functions and chemical interface damping,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(24), 18178–18188 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
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C. Chen, M. L. Juan, Y. Li, G. Maes, G. Borghs, P. Van Dorpe, and R. Quidant, “Enhanced optical trapping and arrangement of nano-objects in a plasmonic nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 125–132 (2012).
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S. J. Youn, T. H. Rho, B. I. Min, and K. S. Kim, “Extended Drude model analysis of noble metals,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 244(4), 1354–1362 (2007).
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Klimov, V. I.

Kohoutek, J.

J. Kohoutek, D. Dey, A. Bonakdar, R. Gelfand, A. Sklar, O. G. Memis, and H. Mohseni, “Opto-mechanical force mapping of deep subwavelength plasmonic modes,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3378–3382 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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H. Hövel, S. Fritz, A. Hilger, U. Kreibig, and M. Vollmer, “Width of cluster plasmon resonances: bulk dielectric functions and chemical interface damping,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(24), 18178–18188 (1993).
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F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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N. C. Lindquist, P. Nagpal, A. Lesuffleur, D. J. Norris, and S. H. Oh, “Three-dimensional plasmonic nanofocusing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1369–1373 (2010).
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C. Chen, M. L. Juan, Y. Li, G. Maes, G. Borghs, P. Van Dorpe, and R. Quidant, “Enhanced optical trapping and arrangement of nano-objects in a plasmonic nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 125–132 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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R. Proietti Zaccaria, A. Alabastri, F. De Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, A. Toma, A. Giugni, L. Razzari, M. Malerba, H. B. Sun, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Fully analytical description of adiabatic compression in dissipative polaritonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035410 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Zaccaria, F. De Angelis, A. Toma, L. Razzari, A. Alabastri, G. Das, C. Liberale, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Surface plasmon polariton compression through radially and linearly polarized source,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 545–547 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. De Angelis, R. P. Zaccaria, M. Francardi, C. Liberale, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Multi-scheme approach for efficient surface plasmon polariton generation in metallic conical tips on AFM-based cantilevers,” Opt. Express 19(22), 22268–22279 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, C. Liberale, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Emerging fabrication techniques for 3D nano-structuring in plasmonics and single molecule studies,” Nanoscale 3(7), 2689–2696 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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N. C. Lindquist, P. Nagpal, A. Lesuffleur, D. J. Norris, and S. H. Oh, “Three-dimensional plasmonic nanofocusing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1369–1373 (2010).
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Lo, G. Q.

Maes, G.

C. Chen, M. L. Juan, Y. Li, G. Maes, G. Borghs, P. Van Dorpe, and R. Quidant, “Enhanced optical trapping and arrangement of nano-objects in a plasmonic nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 125–132 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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R. Proietti Zaccaria, A. Alabastri, F. De Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, A. Toma, A. Giugni, L. Razzari, M. Malerba, H. B. Sun, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Fully analytical description of adiabatic compression in dissipative polaritonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035410 (2012).
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F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
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J. Kohoutek, D. Dey, A. Bonakdar, R. Gelfand, A. Sklar, O. G. Memis, and H. Mohseni, “Opto-mechanical force mapping of deep subwavelength plasmonic modes,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3378–3382 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mikhailovsky, A. A.

Min, B. I.

S. J. Youn, T. H. Rho, B. I. Min, and K. S. Kim, “Extended Drude model analysis of noble metals,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 244(4), 1354–1362 (2007).
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C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 723–727 (2007).
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J. Kohoutek, D. Dey, A. Bonakdar, R. Gelfand, A. Sklar, O. G. Memis, and H. Mohseni, “Opto-mechanical force mapping of deep subwavelength plasmonic modes,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3378–3382 (2011).
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F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
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N. C. Lindquist, P. Nagpal, A. Lesuffleur, D. J. Norris, and S. H. Oh, “Three-dimensional plasmonic nanofocusing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1369–1373 (2010).
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N. C. Lindquist, P. Nagpal, A. Lesuffleur, D. J. Norris, and S. H. Oh, “Three-dimensional plasmonic nanofocusing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1369–1373 (2010).
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A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Schmidt, B. Harteneck, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, and S. Cabrini, “Functional plasmonic antenna scanning probes fabricated by induced-deposition mask lithography,” Nanotechnology 21(6), 065306 (2010).
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N. C. Lindquist, P. Nagpal, A. Lesuffleur, D. J. Norris, and S. H. Oh, “Three-dimensional plasmonic nanofocusing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1369–1373 (2010).
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F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
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F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
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Petruska, M. A.

Proietti Zaccaria, R.

R. Proietti Zaccaria, A. Alabastri, F. De Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, A. Toma, A. Giugni, L. Razzari, M. Malerba, H. B. Sun, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Fully analytical description of adiabatic compression in dissipative polaritonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035410 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Quidant, R.

C. Chen, M. L. Juan, Y. Li, G. Maes, G. Borghs, P. Van Dorpe, and R. Quidant, “Enhanced optical trapping and arrangement of nano-objects in a plasmonic nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 125–132 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Baffou, R. Quidant, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Nanoscale control of optical heating in complex plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 4(2), 709–716 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Righini, A. S. Zelenina, C. Girard, and R. Quidant, “Parallel and selective trapping in a patterned plasmonic landscape,” Nat. Phys. 3(7), 477–480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rahmani, A.

P. C. Chaumet, A. Rahmani, and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, “Optical trapping and manipulation of nano-objects with an apertureless probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(12), 123601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raschke, M. B.

S. Berweger, J. M. Atkin, X. G. Xu, R. L. Olmon, and M. B. Raschke, “Femtosecond nanofocusing with full optical waveform control,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4309–4313 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: a nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Razzari, L.

R. P. Zaccaria, F. De Angelis, A. Toma, L. Razzari, A. Alabastri, G. Das, C. Liberale, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Surface plasmon polariton compression through radially and linearly polarized source,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 545–547 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Proietti Zaccaria, A. Alabastri, F. De Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, A. Toma, A. Giugni, L. Razzari, M. Malerba, H. B. Sun, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Fully analytical description of adiabatic compression in dissipative polaritonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035410 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rho, T. H.

S. J. Youn, T. H. Rho, B. I. Min, and K. S. Kim, “Extended Drude model analysis of noble metals,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 244(4), 1354–1362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Righini, M.

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Righini, A. S. Zelenina, C. Girard, and R. Quidant, “Parallel and selective trapping in a patterned plasmonic landscape,” Nat. Phys. 3(7), 477–480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ropers, C.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: a nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salmeron, M. B.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandoghdar, V.

Saraf, L. V.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: a nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, M.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Schmidt, B. Harteneck, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, and S. Cabrini, “Functional plasmonic antenna scanning probes fabricated by induced-deposition mask lithography,” Nanotechnology 21(6), 065306 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuck, P. J.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Schmidt, B. Harteneck, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, and S. Cabrini, “Functional plasmonic antenna scanning probes fabricated by induced-deposition mask lithography,” Nanotechnology 21(6), 065306 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwartzberg, A.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Schmidt, B. Harteneck, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, and S. Cabrini, “Functional plasmonic antenna scanning probes fabricated by induced-deposition mask lithography,” Nanotechnology 21(6), 065306 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sklar, A.

J. Kohoutek, D. Dey, A. Bonakdar, R. Gelfand, A. Sklar, O. G. Memis, and H. Mohseni, “Opto-mechanical force mapping of deep subwavelength plasmonic modes,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3378–3382 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, J. F.

Stockman, M. I.

Sun, H. B.

R. Proietti Zaccaria, A. Alabastri, F. De Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, A. Toma, A. Giugni, L. Razzari, M. Malerba, H. B. Sun, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Fully analytical description of adiabatic compression in dissipative polaritonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035410 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tirinato, L.

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Toma, A.

R. P. Zaccaria, F. De Angelis, A. Toma, L. Razzari, A. Alabastri, G. Das, C. Liberale, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Surface plasmon polariton compression through radially and linearly polarized source,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 545–547 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Proietti Zaccaria, A. Alabastri, F. De Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, A. Toma, A. Giugni, L. Razzari, M. Malerba, H. B. Sun, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Fully analytical description of adiabatic compression in dissipative polaritonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035410 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Urban, J. J.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Dorpe, P.

C. Chen, M. L. Juan, Y. Li, G. Maes, G. Borghs, P. Van Dorpe, and R. Quidant, “Enhanced optical trapping and arrangement of nano-objects in a plasmonic nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 125–132 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vollmer, M.

H. Hövel, S. Fritz, A. Hilger, U. Kreibig, and M. Vollmer, “Width of cluster plasmon resonances: bulk dielectric functions and chemical interface damping,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(24), 18178–18188 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber-Bargioni, A.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Schmidt, B. Harteneck, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, and S. Cabrini, “Functional plasmonic antenna scanning probes fabricated by induced-deposition mask lithography,” Nanotechnology 21(6), 065306 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, X. S.

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(4), 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X. G.

S. Berweger, J. M. Atkin, X. G. Xu, R. L. Olmon, and M. B. Raschke, “Femtosecond nanofocusing with full optical waveform control,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4309–4313 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Youn, S. J.

S. J. Youn, T. H. Rho, B. I. Min, and K. S. Kim, “Extended Drude model analysis of noble metals,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 244(4), 1354–1362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, M. B.

Zaccaria, R. P.

Zelenina, A. S.

M. Righini, A. S. Zelenina, C. Girard, and R. Quidant, “Parallel and selective trapping in a patterned plasmonic landscape,” Nat. Phys. 3(7), 477–480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

ACS Nano

G. Baffou, R. Quidant, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Nanoscale control of optical heating in complex plasmonic systems,” ACS Nano 4(2), 709–716 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Nano Lett.

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: a nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Berweger, J. M. Atkin, X. G. Xu, R. L. Olmon, and M. B. Raschke, “Femtosecond nanofocusing with full optical waveform control,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4309–4313 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. C. Lindquist, P. Nagpal, A. Lesuffleur, D. J. Norris, and S. H. Oh, “Three-dimensional plasmonic nanofocusing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1369–1373 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kohoutek, D. Dey, A. Bonakdar, R. Gelfand, A. Sklar, O. G. Memis, and H. Mohseni, “Opto-mechanical force mapping of deep subwavelength plasmonic modes,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3378–3382 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Chen, M. L. Juan, Y. Li, G. Maes, G. Borghs, P. Van Dorpe, and R. Quidant, “Enhanced optical trapping and arrangement of nano-objects in a plasmonic nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 125–132 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanoscale

F. De Angelis, C. Liberale, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Emerging fabrication techniques for 3D nano-structuring in plasmonics and single molecule studies,” Nanoscale 3(7), 2689–2696 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Schmidt, B. Harteneck, D. F. Ogletree, P. J. Schuck, and S. Cabrini, “Functional plasmonic antenna scanning probes fabricated by induced-deposition mask lithography,” Nanotechnology 21(6), 065306 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Methods

K. C. Neuman and A. Nagy, “Single-molecule force spectroscopy: optical tweezers, magnetic tweezers and atomic force microscopy,” Nat. Methods 5(6), 491–505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol.

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. P. Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super-hydrophobic delivery of molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing SERS structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(11), 682–687 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys.

M. Righini, A. S. Zelenina, C. Girard, and R. Quidant, “Parallel and selective trapping in a patterned plasmonic landscape,” Nat. Phys. 3(7), 477–480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

A. Mohammadi and M. Agio, “Light scattering under nanofocusing: toward coherent nanoscopies,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3383–3389 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

R. Proietti Zaccaria, A. Alabastri, F. De Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, A. Toma, A. Giugni, L. Razzari, M. Malerba, H. B. Sun, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Fully analytical description of adiabatic compression in dissipative polaritonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 86(3), 035410 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter

H. Hövel, S. Fritz, A. Hilger, U. Kreibig, and M. Vollmer, “Width of cluster plasmon resonances: bulk dielectric functions and chemical interface damping,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(24), 18178–18188 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 137404 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(4), 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Chaumet, A. Rahmani, and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, “Optical trapping and manipulation of nano-objects with an apertureless probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(12), 123601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res.

S. J. Youn, T. H. Rho, B. I. Min, and K. S. Kim, “Extended Drude model analysis of noble metals,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 244(4), 1354–1362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. N. Israelachvili, Intermolecular and surface forces (Academic Press, 2010).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sketch of the device: plasmonic conical probe mounted an AFM cantilever (a), or integrated on modified beads for optical trapping (b).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a,b) Plasmonic probe excited with a radial polarized laser approaching a dielectric surface (ε = 4), when the gap is 5 nm (a) and 1 nm (b). (c,d) Electric field vectors corresponding to (a) and (b) respectively. The electric field scale is with respect of source field amplitude.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Force acting on the nanocone as function of the gap-substrate distance for substrates with different dielectric constants. (b) Force acting on the nanocone as function of the dielectric constant of the substrate (gap 1nm). Forces values are normalized with respect of incident laser power. For fitting functions details see text.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a,b,c,) Force acting on the nanocone with respect to the real part of ε (a), imaginary part of ε (b), tip-substrate gap (c). (d) Force obtained when the tip scans a gold stripe (WxHxL = 30x30x500 nm) on silicon oxide substrate. (e) Force with respect of substrate thickness, when substrate is gold with a dielectric supporting layer. (f) Force with respect of damping constant γ (substrate is noble metal with εion = 3.8, and ωplasma = 8eV).

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

F α = S β 1 2 Re( T αβ n ^ β ) dS
T αβ =ε E α E β * +μ H α H β * 1 2 δ αβ ( ε | E | 2 +μ | H | 2 )
F z ε r S ( E z 2 E x 2 E y 2 ) dS ε r I MST
F(z,ε)=A 1 z+ z 0 ε 2 K+ ε 2
F= F 0 +Bexp( | ε | τ )
ε( ω )= ε ionic +( i ω plasma 2 ω( γiω ) )

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