Abstract

Two kinds of multi-air-core optical fibers were designed and fabricated by extruding optical grade PMMA pellets and drawing to fiber. The imaging function of the fibers was investigated with home-made specialized microscopy. This new type of fiber provides strong potential for applications in endoscopy, chemical sensing, biosensors, fiber-optical faceplates.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. A. van Eijkelenborg, "Imaging with microstructured polymer fibre," Opt. Express 12, 342-346 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. S. Bronk, K. L. Michael, P. Pantano, and D. R. Walt "Combined imaging and chemical sensing using a single optical imaging fiber," Anal. Chem. 67, 2750-2757(1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. M. Tam, L. Song, and D. R. Walt, "Fabrication and optical characterization of imaging fiber-based nanoarrays" J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 67, 498-502(2005).
  4. M. C. J. Large, S. Ponrathnam, A. Argyros, I. Bassett, N. S. Punjari, F. Cox, G. W. Barton, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, "Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres: new opportunities and challenges," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 219-231 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Mignanelli, K. Wani, J. Ballato, S. Foulger, and P. Brown, "Polymer microstructured fibers by one-step extrusion," Opt. Express  15, 6183-6189 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, "A new approach to mass fabrication technology of microstructured polymer optical fiber preform," Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, s94-s95 (2005).
  7. Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, "Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber preform," Proc. SPIE 6149, 426-431 (2005).
  8. L. L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L. Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, "Chemical fabrication techniques of microstructured polymer optical fiber preforms," in proceedings of 14th International conference on Polymer Optical Fiber, (Hong Kong, China, 2005), pp. 89-92.
  9. Y. N. Zhang and L. L. Wang, "Casting preforms for microstructured polymer optical fibre fabrication," Opt. Express 14, 5541-5547 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. L. L. Wang, L. J. Kang, X. H. Yang, X. H. Cheng, "Progress in Extrusion Technology of Big Size Holey POF Preforms", in proceedings of 16th International conference on Polymer Optical Fiber, (Turin, Italy, 2007), pp.117-119.
  11. X. H. Yang and L. L. Wang, "Silver nanocrystals modified microstructured polymer optical fibres for chemical and optical sensing," Opt. Commun. 280, 368-373 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. H. Yang and L. L. Wang, "Fluorescence pH probe based on microstructured polymer optical fiber," Opt. Express 15, 16478-16483 (2007)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

M. C. J. Large, S. Ponrathnam, A. Argyros, I. Bassett, N. S. Punjari, F. Cox, G. W. Barton, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, "Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres: new opportunities and challenges," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 219-231 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. N. Zhang and L. L. Wang, "Casting preforms for microstructured polymer optical fibre fabrication," Opt. Express 14, 5541-5547 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, "Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber preform," Proc. SPIE 6149, 426-431 (2005).

J. M. Tam, L. Song, and D. R. Walt, "Fabrication and optical characterization of imaging fiber-based nanoarrays" J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 67, 498-502(2005).

L. L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, "A new approach to mass fabrication technology of microstructured polymer optical fiber preform," Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, s94-s95 (2005).

2004

1995

K. S. Bronk, K. L. Michael, P. Pantano, and D. R. Walt "Combined imaging and chemical sensing using a single optical imaging fiber," Anal. Chem. 67, 2750-2757(1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Argyros, A.

M. C. J. Large, S. Ponrathnam, A. Argyros, I. Bassett, N. S. Punjari, F. Cox, G. W. Barton, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, "Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres: new opportunities and challenges," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 219-231 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ballato, J.

Barton, G. W.

M. C. J. Large, S. Ponrathnam, A. Argyros, I. Bassett, N. S. Punjari, F. Cox, G. W. Barton, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, "Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres: new opportunities and challenges," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 219-231 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bassett, I.

M. C. J. Large, S. Ponrathnam, A. Argyros, I. Bassett, N. S. Punjari, F. Cox, G. W. Barton, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, "Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres: new opportunities and challenges," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 219-231 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bronk, K. S.

K. S. Bronk, K. L. Michael, P. Pantano, and D. R. Walt "Combined imaging and chemical sensing using a single optical imaging fiber," Anal. Chem. 67, 2750-2757(1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, P.

Cox, F.

M. C. J. Large, S. Ponrathnam, A. Argyros, I. Bassett, N. S. Punjari, F. Cox, G. W. Barton, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, "Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres: new opportunities and challenges," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 219-231 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Foulger, S.

Large, M. C. J.

M. C. J. Large, S. Ponrathnam, A. Argyros, I. Bassett, N. S. Punjari, F. Cox, G. W. Barton, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, "Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres: new opportunities and challenges," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 219-231 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.H.

Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, "Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber preform," Proc. SPIE 6149, 426-431 (2005).

Miao, R. C.

Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, "Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber preform," Proc. SPIE 6149, 426-431 (2005).

Michael, K. L.

K. S. Bronk, K. L. Michael, P. Pantano, and D. R. Walt "Combined imaging and chemical sensing using a single optical imaging fiber," Anal. Chem. 67, 2750-2757(1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mignanelli, M.

Pantano, P.

K. S. Bronk, K. L. Michael, P. Pantano, and D. R. Walt "Combined imaging and chemical sensing using a single optical imaging fiber," Anal. Chem. 67, 2750-2757(1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ponrathnam, S.

M. C. J. Large, S. Ponrathnam, A. Argyros, I. Bassett, N. S. Punjari, F. Cox, G. W. Barton, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, "Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres: new opportunities and challenges," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 219-231 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Punjari, N. S.

M. C. J. Large, S. Ponrathnam, A. Argyros, I. Bassett, N. S. Punjari, F. Cox, G. W. Barton, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, "Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres: new opportunities and challenges," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 219-231 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ren, L Y.

Ren, L. Y.

Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, "Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber preform," Proc. SPIE 6149, 426-431 (2005).

Song, L.

J. M. Tam, L. Song, and D. R. Walt, "Fabrication and optical characterization of imaging fiber-based nanoarrays" J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 67, 498-502(2005).

Tam, J. M.

J. M. Tam, L. Song, and D. R. Walt, "Fabrication and optical characterization of imaging fiber-based nanoarrays" J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 67, 498-502(2005).

van Eijkelenborg, M. A.

M. C. J. Large, S. Ponrathnam, A. Argyros, I. Bassett, N. S. Punjari, F. Cox, G. W. Barton, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, "Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres: new opportunities and challenges," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 219-231 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, "Imaging with microstructured polymer fibre," Opt. Express 12, 342-346 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walt, D. R.

J. M. Tam, L. Song, and D. R. Walt, "Fabrication and optical characterization of imaging fiber-based nanoarrays" J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 67, 498-502(2005).

K. S. Bronk, K. L. Michael, P. Pantano, and D. R. Walt "Combined imaging and chemical sensing using a single optical imaging fiber," Anal. Chem. 67, 2750-2757(1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, "Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber preform," Proc. SPIE 6149, 426-431 (2005).

Wang, L. L.

Wang, X.

L. L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, "A new approach to mass fabrication technology of microstructured polymer optical fiber preform," Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, s94-s95 (2005).

Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, "Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber preform," Proc. SPIE 6149, 426-431 (2005).

Wani, K.

Yang, X. H.

X. H. Yang and L. L. Wang, "Fluorescence pH probe based on microstructured polymer optical fiber," Opt. Express 15, 16478-16483 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. H. Yang and L. L. Wang, "Silver nanocrystals modified microstructured polymer optical fibres for chemical and optical sensing," Opt. Commun. 280, 368-373 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. N.

Zhao, W.

L. L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, "A new approach to mass fabrication technology of microstructured polymer optical fiber preform," Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, s94-s95 (2005).

Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, "Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber preform," Proc. SPIE 6149, 426-431 (2005).

Anal. Chem.

K. S. Bronk, K. L. Michael, P. Pantano, and D. R. Walt "Combined imaging and chemical sensing using a single optical imaging fiber," Anal. Chem. 67, 2750-2757(1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chin. Opt. Lett.

J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.

J. M. Tam, L. Song, and D. R. Walt, "Fabrication and optical characterization of imaging fiber-based nanoarrays" J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 67, 498-502(2005).

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.

M. C. J. Large, S. Ponrathnam, A. Argyros, I. Bassett, N. S. Punjari, F. Cox, G. W. Barton, and M. A. van Eijkelenborg, "Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres: new opportunities and challenges," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 219-231 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

X. H. Yang and L. L. Wang, "Silver nanocrystals modified microstructured polymer optical fibres for chemical and optical sensing," Opt. Commun. 280, 368-373 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Proc. SPIE

Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, "Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber preform," Proc. SPIE 6149, 426-431 (2005).

Other

L. L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L. Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, "Chemical fabrication techniques of microstructured polymer optical fiber preforms," in proceedings of 14th International conference on Polymer Optical Fiber, (Hong Kong, China, 2005), pp. 89-92.

L. L. Wang, L. J. Kang, X. H. Yang, X. H. Cheng, "Progress in Extrusion Technology of Big Size Holey POF Preforms", in proceedings of 16th International conference on Polymer Optical Fiber, (Turin, Italy, 2007), pp.117-119.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The schematic diagram of designed preforms of imaging MPOFs cross-section structure, the unit of the figure is millimeter. (a) rectangular array (b) hexagonal array

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic diagram of specialized extruder for fabricating MPOF preform.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a). Photo of MPOF preforms with 525 and 547 air holes. (b) Secondary preforms.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Fluctuation of MPOF’s diameter recorded during drawing a 547 holes, 70 mm diameter MPOF preform (holes diameter: 1.5 mm, holes spacing 1.9 mm) at given drawing conditions (Vdraw: 10 m/min, Vfeed: 0.2 mm/min).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Schematic diagram of microstructured polymer optical fiber imaging system.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

CCD camera images of “OE” shaped aluminium screen transmitted by (a) rectangular array with 525 air holes and (b) hexagonal array with 547 air holes polymer fibers, respectively.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Illustration of endoscope with air-hole guidance imaging fiber. (a) The schematic diagram of endoscope prototype. (b) The photo of endoscope prototype. The image fibers are MPOFs of rectangular array with 525 air holes and hexagonal array with 547 air holes, respectively. The inserted picture is primary prototype with no cover layer. (c) images of sample “OE” transmitted through endoscope prototype.

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