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C.-H. Qin, J. Tian, X. Yang, K. Liu, G.-R. Yan, J.-C. Feng, Y.-J. Lv, and M. Xu, “Galerkin-based meshless methods for photon transport in the biological tissue,” Opt. Express 16, 20317–20333 (2008).

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H. Zhao, T. C. Doyle, O. Coquoz, F. Kalish, B. W. Rice, and C. H. Contag, “Emission spectra of bioluminescent reporters and interaction with mammalian tissue determine the sensitivity of detection in vivo,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 041210 (2005).

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G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2005).

[CrossRef]

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A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. Tian, J. Bai, X.-P. Yan, S.-L. Bao, Y.-H. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Mag. 27, 48–57 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. Tian, J. Bai, X.-P. Yan, S.-L. Bao, Y.-H. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Mag. 27, 48–57 (2008).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Burden and J. D. Faires, Numerical Analysis (Wadsworth, 2004).

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

W.-X. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 13, 6756–6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]

Y.-J. Lv, J. Tian, W.-X. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C.-H. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 1–16 (2007).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H.-O. Shen, W.-X. Cong, S. Zhao, and G.-W. Wei, “Temperature-modulated bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 14, 7852–7871 (2006).

[CrossRef]

Y.-J. Lv, J. Tian, G. Wang, W.-X. Cong, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 14, 8211–8223 (2006).

[CrossRef]

W.-X. Cong and G. Wang, “Boundary integral method for bioluminescence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 020503 (2006).

[CrossRef]

W.-X. Cong, D. Kumar, L. V. Wang, and G. Wang, “A Born-type approximation method for bioluminescence tomography,” Med. Phys. 33, 679–686 (2006).

[CrossRef]

W.-X. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 13, 6756–6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. Zhao, T. C. Doyle, O. Coquoz, F. Kalish, B. W. Rice, and C. H. Contag, “Emission spectra of bioluminescent reporters and interaction with mammalian tissue determine the sensitivity of detection in vivo,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 041210 (2005).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. Kuo, O. Coquoz, T. L. Troy, H. Xu, and B. W. Rice, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of in vivo bioluminescent sources based on multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 024007 (2007).

[CrossRef]

H. Zhao, T. C. Doyle, O. Coquoz, F. Kalish, B. W. Rice, and C. H. Contag, “Emission spectra of bioluminescent reporters and interaction with mammalian tissue determine the sensitivity of detection in vivo,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 041210 (2005).

[CrossRef]

G.-R. Yan, J. Tian, S.-P. Zhu, Y.-K. Dai, and C.-H. Qin, “Fast cone-beam CT image reconstruction using GPU hardware,” J. X-Ray Sci. Technol. 16, 225–234 (2008).

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. K. Willmann, N. van Bruggen, L. M. Dinkelborg, and S. S. Gambhir, “Molecular imaging in drug development,” Nat. Rev. Drug Discovery 7, 591–607 (2008).

[CrossRef]

M. Schweiger, S. R. Arridge, O. Dorn, A. Zacharopoulos, and V. Kolehmainen, “Reconstructing absorption and diffusion shape profiles in optical tomography by a level-set technique,” Opt. Lett. 31, 471–473 (2006).

[CrossRef]

O. Dorn and D. Lesselier, “Level-set methods for inverse scattering,” Inverse Probl. 22, R67–R131 (2006).

[CrossRef]

O. Dorn, E. Miller, and C. Rappaport, “A shape reconstruction method for electromagnetic tomography using adjoint fields and level sets,” Inverse Probl. 16, 1119–1156 (2000).

[CrossRef]

Y.-J. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the third-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 6477–6493 (2009).

[CrossRef]

H. Zhao, T. C. Doyle, O. Coquoz, F. Kalish, B. W. Rice, and C. H. Contag, “Emission spectra of bioluminescent reporters and interaction with mammalian tissue determine the sensitivity of detection in vivo,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 041210 (2005).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Burden and J. D. Faires, Numerical Analysis (Wadsworth, 2004).

S. Osher and R. P. Fedkiw, Level Sets Methods and Dynamic Implicit Surfaces (Springer, 2003).

J.-C. Feng, K.-B. Jia, C.-H. Qin, G.-R. Yan, S.-P. Zhu, X. Zhang, J.-T. Liu, and J. Tian, “Three-dimensional bioluminescence tomography based on Bayesian approach,” Opt. Express 17, 16834–16848 (2009).

[CrossRef]

S.-P. Zhu, J. Tian, G.-R. Yan, C.-H. Qin, and J.-C. Feng, “Cone beam micro-CT system for small animal imaging and performance evaluation,” Int. J. Biomed. Imaging 2009, Article ID 960573 (2009). http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijbi/2009/960573/html.

C.-H. Qin, J. Tian, X. Yang, K. Liu, G.-R. Yan, J.-C. Feng, Y.-J. Lv, and M. Xu, “Galerkin-based meshless methods for photon transport in the biological tissue,” Opt. Express 16, 20317–20333 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. K. Willmann, N. van Bruggen, L. M. Dinkelborg, and S. S. Gambhir, “Molecular imaging in drug development,” Nat. Rev. Drug Discovery 7, 591–607 (2008).

[CrossRef]

H-J. Zhao, Fe. Gao, Y. Tanikawa, and Y. Yamada, “Time-resolved diffuse optical tomography and its application to in vitro and in vivo imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 062107 (2007).

[CrossRef]

Y.-J. Lu, A. Douraghy, H. B. Machado, D. Stout, J. Tian, H. Herschman, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography with the third-order simplified spherical harmonics approximation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 6477–6493 (2009).

[CrossRef]

H. Herschman, “Molecular imaging: looking at problems, seeing solutions,” Science 302, 605–608 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. H. Hielscher, “Optical tomographic imaging of small animals,” Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 16, 79–88 (2005).

[CrossRef]

W.-X. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 13, 6756–6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, E. A. Hoffman, G. McLennan, L. V. Wang, M. Suter, and J. F. Meinel, “Development of the first bioluminescence CT scanner,” Radiology 229, 566 (2003).

J.-C. Feng, K.-B. Jia, C.-H. Qin, G.-R. Yan, S.-P. Zhu, X. Zhang, J.-T. Liu, and J. Tian, “Three-dimensional bioluminescence tomography based on Bayesian approach,” Opt. Express 17, 16834–16848 (2009).

[CrossRef]

W.-X. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 13, 6756–6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, Y. Li, and M. Jiang, “Uniqueness theorems in bioluminescence tomography,” Med. Phys. 31, 2289–2299 (2004).

[CrossRef]

H. Zhao, T. C. Doyle, O. Coquoz, F. Kalish, B. W. Rice, and C. H. Contag, “Emission spectra of bioluminescent reporters and interaction with mammalian tissue determine the sensitivity of detection in vivo,” J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 041210 (2005).

[CrossRef]

L. Zöllei, A. Yezzi, and T. Kapur, “A variational framework for joint segmentation and registration,” in IEEE Workshop on Mathematical Methods in Biomedical Image Analysis (IEEE Computer Society, 2001), pp. 44–51.

W.-X. Cong, D. Kumar, L. V. Wang, and G. Wang, “A Born-type approximation method for bioluminescence tomography,” Med. Phys. 33, 679–686 (2006).

[CrossRef]

W.-X. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. V. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, “Practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 13, 6756–6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. Kuo, O. Coquoz, T. L. Troy, H. Xu, and B. W. Rice, “Three-dimensional reconstruction of in vivo bioluminescent sources based on multispectral imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 024007 (2007).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Chaudhari, F. Darvas, J. R. Bading, R. A. Moats, P. S. Conti, D. J. Smith, S. R. Cherry, and R. M. Leahy, “Hyperspectral and multispectral bioluminescence optical tomography for small animal imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 5421–5441 (2005).

[CrossRef]

O. Dorn and D. Lesselier, “Level-set methods for inverse scattering,” Inverse Probl. 22, R67–R131 (2006).

[CrossRef]

N. V. Slavine, M. A. Lewis, E. Richer, and P. P. Antich, “Iterative reconstruction method for light emitting sources based on the diffusion equation,” Med. Phys. 33, 61–68 (2006).

[CrossRef]

H.-W. Li, X.-C. Tai, and S. I. Aanonsen, “Reservoir description by using a piecewise-constant level-set method,” J. Comput. Phys. 26, 365–377 (2008).

X.-C. Tai, and H.-W. Li, “A piecewise-constant level-set method for elliptic inverse problems,” Appl. Numer. Math. 57, 686–696 (2007).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, Y. Li, and M. Jiang, “Uniqueness theorems in bioluminescence tomography,” Med. Phys. 31, 2289–2299 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. Tian, J. Bai, X.-P. Yan, S.-L. Bao, Y.-H. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Mag. 27, 48–57 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. Tian, J. Bai, X.-P. Yan, S.-L. Bao, Y.-H. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Mag. 27, 48–57 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. Lie, M. Lysaker, and X.-C. Tai, “A variant of the level-set method and applications to image segmentation,” Math. Comput. 75, 1155–1174 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. Lie, M. Lysaker, and X.-C. Tai, “A binary level-set model and some applications to Mumford–Shah image segmentation,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 15, 1171–1181 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J.-C. Feng, K.-B. Jia, C.-H. Qin, G.-R. Yan, S.-P. Zhu, X. Zhang, J.-T. Liu, and J. Tian, “Three-dimensional bioluminescence tomography based on Bayesian approach,” Opt. Express 17, 16834–16848 (2009).

[CrossRef]

K. Liu, J. Tian, X. Yang, Y.-J. Lu, C.-H. Qin, S.-P. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “A fast bioluminescent source localization method based on generalized graph cuts with mouse model validations,” Opt. Express 18, 3732–3745 (2010).

[CrossRef]

C.-H. Qin, J. Tian, X. Yang, K. Liu, G.-R. Yan, J.-C. Feng, Y.-J. Lv, and M. Xu, “Galerkin-based meshless methods for photon transport in the biological tissue,” Opt. Express 16, 20317–20333 (2008).

[CrossRef]

X-D. Liu, S. Osher, and T. Chan, “Weighted essentially non-oscillatory schemes,” J. Comput. Phys. 115, 200–212 (1994).

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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J. Tian, J. Bai, X.-P. Yan, S.-L. Bao, Y.-H. Li, W. Liang, and X. Yang, “Multimodality molecular imaging,” IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Mag. 27, 48–57 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Y.-J. Lv, J. Tian, W.-X. Cong, G. Wang, W. Yang, C.-H. Qin, and M. Xu, “Spectrally resolved bioluminescence tomography with adaptive finite element: methodology and simulation,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 1–16 (2007).

[CrossRef]

Y.-J. Lv, J. Tian, G. Wang, W.-X. Cong, J. Luo, W. Yang, and H. Li, “A multilevel adaptive finite element algorithm for bioluminescence tomography,” Opt. Express 14, 8211–8223 (2006).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

K. Liu, J. Tian, X. Yang, Y.-J. Lu, C.-H. Qin, S.-P. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “A fast bioluminescent source localization method based on generalized graph cuts with mouse model validations,” Opt. Express 18, 3732–3745 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J.-C. Feng, K.-B. Jia, C.-H. Qin, G.-R. Yan, S.-P. Zhu, X. Zhang, J.-T. Liu, and J. Tian, “Three-dimensional bioluminescence tomography based on Bayesian approach,” Opt. Express 17, 16834–16848 (2009).

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[CrossRef]

H-J. Zhao, Fe. Gao, Y. Tanikawa, and Y. Yamada, “Time-resolved diffuse optical tomography and its application to in vitro and in vivo imaging,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 062107 (2007).

[CrossRef]

K. Liu, J. Tian, X. Yang, Y.-J. Lu, C.-H. Qin, S.-P. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “A fast bioluminescent source localization method based on generalized graph cuts with mouse model validations,” Opt. Express 18, 3732–3745 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J.-C. Feng, K.-B. Jia, C.-H. Qin, G.-R. Yan, S.-P. Zhu, X. Zhang, J.-T. Liu, and J. Tian, “Three-dimensional bioluminescence tomography based on Bayesian approach,” Opt. Express 17, 16834–16848 (2009).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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