Abstract

Relationships and variability of bio-optical properties in coastal waters are investigated. Optical proxies indicate that these coastal waters are optically complex and highly variable and are categorized as follows: (1) relatively clear and dominated by high index of refraction, biogenic particles, (2) more turbid, consisting of mostly inorganic particles and little phytoplankton, (3) extremely turbid with high concentrations of inorganic particles, and (4) more turbid and dominated by biogenic particles. We present a method, alternative to traditional remote-sensing algorithms, of classifying coastal waters [the Spectral Angle Mapper (SAM)] and utilize the SAM to successfully isolate plume conditions in time series of downwelling irradiance and total absorption coefficient. We conclude with a discussion of the use of the SAM for coastal management operations.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Wollast, "Evaluation and comparison of the global carbon cycle in the coastal zone and in the open ocean," in The Global Coastal Ocean: Processes and Methods, Vol. 10 of The Sea, K.H.Brink and A.R.Robinson, eds. (Wiley, 1998), pp. 213-225.
  2. Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, and J. S. Patch, "An empirical algorithm for light absorption by ocean water based on color," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 27,967-27,978 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, "Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for Sea WiFS," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937-24,953 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Boss, M. S. Twardowski, and S. Herring, "Shape of the particulate beam attenuation spectrum and its inversion to obtain the shape of the particulate size distribution," Appl. Opt. 40, 4885-4893 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. S. Twardowski, E. Boss, J. B. Macdonald, W. S. Pegau, A. H. Barnard, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, "A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C7), doi: , 14,129-14,142, (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Babin, A. Morel, V. Fournier-Sicre, F. Fell, and D. Stramski, "Light scattering properties of marine particles in coastal and oceanic waters as related to the particle mass concentration," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 843-859 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. E. Green, H. M. Sosik, and R. J. Olson, "Contributions of phytoplankton and other particles to inherent optical properties in New England continental shelf waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 2377-2391 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Oubelkheir, H. Claustre, A. Sciandra, and M. Babin, "Bio-optical and biogeochemical properties of different trophic regimes in oceanic waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. (to be published).
  9. S. A. Garver, D. A. Siegel, and B. G. Mitchell, "Variability in near-surface particulate absorption spectra: What can a satellite ocean color imager see?" Limnol. Oceanogr. 39, 1349-1367 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, "A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909-10,924 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, "Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters," Appl. Opt. 41, 5755-5772 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, S. Jiang, D. V. Manov, and F. W. Spada, "Optical methods for interdisciplinary research in the coastal ocean," in Recent Research Developments in Optics, M.Kawasaki, N.Ashgriz, and R.Anthony, eds. (Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India, 2003), Vol. 3, pp. 249-270.
  13. C. S. Roesler, M. J. Perry, and K. L. Carder, "Modeling in situ phytoplankton absorption from total absorption spectra in productive inland marine waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. 34, 1510-1523 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. L. Gallegos, and P. J. Neale, "Partitioning spectral absorption in case 2 waters: discrimination of dissolved and particulate components," Appl. Opt. 41, 4220-4233 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, C. Orrico, and M. A. Moline, "Inverting inherent optical signatures in the nearshore coastal waters at the Long Term Ecosystem Observatory," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C12S04, doi: (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. O. Ulloa, S. Sathyendranath, and T. Platt, "Effect of the particle size-distribution on the backscattering ratio in seawater," Appl. Opt. 33, 7070-7077 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, "The particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C01014, doi: (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, and A. J. Williams 3rd, "Sediment resuspension over a continental shelf during hurricanes Edouard and Hortense," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C5), doi: , 9517-9531 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  19. G. C. Chang and T. D. Dickey, "Optical and physical variability on timescales from minutes to the seasonal cycle on the New England shelf: July 1996 to June 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C5), doi: , 9435-9454 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. D. Dailey, D. J. Reish, and J. W. Anderson, eds., Ecology of the Southern California Bight (University of California Press, 1993).
  21. J. T. Hardy, "Phytoplankton," in Ecology of the Southern California Bight, M. D. Daily, D. J. Reish, and J. W. Anderson, eds. (University of California Press, 1993), pp. 233-265.
  22. J. A. Warrick, "Short-term (1997-2000) and long-term (1928-2000) observations of river water and sediment discharge to the Santa Barbara Channel, California," Ph.D. dissertation (University of California Santa Barbara, 2002).
  23. D. A. Toole and D. A. Siegel, "Modes and mechanisms of ocean color variability in the Santa Barbara Channel," J. Geophys. Res. 106( C11), 26,985-27,000 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, J. R. V. Zaneveld, C. Moore, B. Rhoades, and R. Miller, "The hyperspectral temperature and salinity dependent absorption coefficients of pure water," in Proceedings from Ocean Optics XVII (Office of Naval Research, Fremantle, Australia, 2004).
  25. W. S. Pegau, D. Gray, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, "Absorption of visible and near-infrared light in water: the dependence on temperature and salinity," Appl. Opt. 36, 6035-6046 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. W. S. Pegau, J. R. V. Zaneveld, and J. L. Mueller, "Volume absorption coefficients: instruments, characterization, field measurements and data analysis protocols," in Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, J.L.Mueller, G.S.Fargion, and C.R.McClain, eds., NASA/TM-2003-211621/Rev4-Vol.VI (NASA, 2003), Vol. IV.
  27. R. W. Austin, "The remote sensing of spectral radiance from below the ocean surface," in Optical Aspects of Oceanography, N.G.Jerlov and E.S.Nielson, eds. (Academic, York, 1974), pp. 317-344.
  28. G. C. Chang, E. Boss, C. Mobley, T. D. Dickey, and W. S. Pegau, "Toward closure of upwelling radiance in coastal waters," Appl. Opt. 42, 1574-1582 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. C. S. Roesler and M. J. Perry, "In situ phytoplankton absorption, fluorescence emission, and particulate backscattering spectra determined from reflectance," J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13,279-13,294 (1995).
  30. J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.
  31. A. Morel and S. Maritorena, "Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: a reappraisal," J. Geophys. Res. 106, 7163-7180 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  32. D. Doxaran, J.-M. Froidefond, S. Lavender, and P. Castaing, "Spectral signature of highly turbid waters. Application with SPOT data to quantify suspended particulate matter concentrations," Remote Sens. Environ. 81, 149-161 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  33. D. F. Millie, O. M. Schofield, G. J. Kirkpatrick, G. Johnsen, P. A. Tester, and B. T. Vinyard, "Detection of harmful algal blooms using photopigments and absorption signatures: A case study of the Florida red tide dinoflagellates, Gymnodinium breve," Limnol. Oceanogr. 42, 1240-1251 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  34. G. Girouard, A. Bannari, A. E. Harti, and A. Desrochers, "Validated spectral angle mapper algorithm for geological mapping: comparative study between QuickBird and Landsat-TM," presented at the XXth ISPRS Congress, Geo-Imagery Bridging Continents, Istanbul, Turkey, 12-23 July 2004.
  35. J. Sildam, "Radiance-irradiance data quality assurance report," data processing Rep. (Satlantic, Inc., Halifax, Nova Scotia, 2002).
  36. E. B. Örnólfsdóttir, J. L. Pinckney, and P. A. Tester, "Quantification of the relative abundance of the toxic dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis (Dinophyta), using unique photopigments," J. Phycol. 39, 449-457 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  37. S. Craig, S. E. Lohrenz, Z. Lee, K. L. Mahoney, G. J. Kirkpatrick, O. M. Schofield, and R. G. Steward, "Use of hyperspectral remote sensing reflectance for detection and assessment of the harmful alga, Karenia brevis," submitted to Appl. Opt.

2004 (3)

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, "The particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C01014, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, C. Orrico, and M. A. Moline, "Inverting inherent optical signatures in the nearshore coastal waters at the Long Term Ecosystem Observatory," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C12S04, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, J. R. V. Zaneveld, C. Moore, B. Rhoades, and R. Miller, "The hyperspectral temperature and salinity dependent absorption coefficients of pure water," in Proceedings from Ocean Optics XVII (Office of Naval Research, Fremantle, Australia, 2004).

2003 (6)

W. S. Pegau, J. R. V. Zaneveld, and J. L. Mueller, "Volume absorption coefficients: instruments, characterization, field measurements and data analysis protocols," in Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, J.L.Mueller, G.S.Fargion, and C.R.McClain, eds., NASA/TM-2003-211621/Rev4-Vol.VI (NASA, 2003), Vol. IV.

G. C. Chang, E. Boss, C. Mobley, T. D. Dickey, and W. S. Pegau, "Toward closure of upwelling radiance in coastal waters," Appl. Opt. 42, 1574-1582 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. B. Örnólfsdóttir, J. L. Pinckney, and P. A. Tester, "Quantification of the relative abundance of the toxic dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis (Dinophyta), using unique photopigments," J. Phycol. 39, 449-457 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, S. Jiang, D. V. Manov, and F. W. Spada, "Optical methods for interdisciplinary research in the coastal ocean," in Recent Research Developments in Optics, M.Kawasaki, N.Ashgriz, and R.Anthony, eds. (Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India, 2003), Vol. 3, pp. 249-270.

M. Babin, A. Morel, V. Fournier-Sicre, F. Fell, and D. Stramski, "Light scattering properties of marine particles in coastal and oceanic waters as related to the particle mass concentration," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 843-859 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Green, H. M. Sosik, and R. J. Olson, "Contributions of phytoplankton and other particles to inherent optical properties in New England continental shelf waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 2377-2391 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (5)

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, "Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters," Appl. Opt. 41, 5755-5772 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Gallegos, and P. J. Neale, "Partitioning spectral absorption in case 2 waters: discrimination of dissolved and particulate components," Appl. Opt. 41, 4220-4233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Sildam, "Radiance-irradiance data quality assurance report," data processing Rep. (Satlantic, Inc., Halifax, Nova Scotia, 2002).

D. Doxaran, J.-M. Froidefond, S. Lavender, and P. Castaing, "Spectral signature of highly turbid waters. Application with SPOT data to quantify suspended particulate matter concentrations," Remote Sens. Environ. 81, 149-161 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Warrick, "Short-term (1997-2000) and long-term (1928-2000) observations of river water and sediment discharge to the Santa Barbara Channel, California," Ph.D. dissertation (University of California Santa Barbara, 2002).

2001 (6)

D. A. Toole and D. A. Siegel, "Modes and mechanisms of ocean color variability in the Santa Barbara Channel," J. Geophys. Res. 106( C11), 26,985-27,000 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel and S. Maritorena, "Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: a reappraisal," J. Geophys. Res. 106, 7163-7180 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, and A. J. Williams 3rd, "Sediment resuspension over a continental shelf during hurricanes Edouard and Hortense," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C5), doi: , 9517-9531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Chang and T. D. Dickey, "Optical and physical variability on timescales from minutes to the seasonal cycle on the New England shelf: July 1996 to June 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C5), doi: , 9435-9454 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Boss, M. S. Twardowski, and S. Herring, "Shape of the particulate beam attenuation spectrum and its inversion to obtain the shape of the particulate size distribution," Appl. Opt. 40, 4885-4893 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Twardowski, E. Boss, J. B. Macdonald, W. S. Pegau, A. H. Barnard, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, "A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C7), doi: , 14,129-14,142, (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

1998 (3)

R. Wollast, "Evaluation and comparison of the global carbon cycle in the coastal zone and in the open ocean," in The Global Coastal Ocean: Processes and Methods, Vol. 10 of The Sea, K.H.Brink and A.R.Robinson, eds. (Wiley, 1998), pp. 213-225.

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, and J. S. Patch, "An empirical algorithm for light absorption by ocean water based on color," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 27,967-27,978 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, "Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for Sea WiFS," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937-24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

D. F. Millie, O. M. Schofield, G. J. Kirkpatrick, G. Johnsen, P. A. Tester, and B. T. Vinyard, "Detection of harmful algal blooms using photopigments and absorption signatures: A case study of the Florida red tide dinoflagellates, Gymnodinium breve," Limnol. Oceanogr. 42, 1240-1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Pegau, D. Gray, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, "Absorption of visible and near-infrared light in water: the dependence on temperature and salinity," Appl. Opt. 36, 6035-6046 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

C. S. Roesler and M. J. Perry, "In situ phytoplankton absorption, fluorescence emission, and particulate backscattering spectra determined from reflectance," J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13,279-13,294 (1995).

1994 (2)

O. Ulloa, S. Sathyendranath, and T. Platt, "Effect of the particle size-distribution on the backscattering ratio in seawater," Appl. Opt. 33, 7070-7077 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Garver, D. A. Siegel, and B. G. Mitchell, "Variability in near-surface particulate absorption spectra: What can a satellite ocean color imager see?" Limnol. Oceanogr. 39, 1349-1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

M. D. Dailey, D. J. Reish, and J. W. Anderson, eds., Ecology of the Southern California Bight (University of California Press, 1993).

J. T. Hardy, "Phytoplankton," in Ecology of the Southern California Bight, M. D. Daily, D. J. Reish, and J. W. Anderson, eds. (University of California Press, 1993), pp. 233-265.

1989 (1)

C. S. Roesler, M. J. Perry, and K. L. Carder, "Modeling in situ phytoplankton absorption from total absorption spectra in productive inland marine waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. 34, 1510-1523 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, "A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909-10,924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

R. W. Austin, "The remote sensing of spectral radiance from below the ocean surface," in Optical Aspects of Oceanography, N.G.Jerlov and E.S.Nielson, eds. (Academic, York, 1974), pp. 317-344.

Aiken, J.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Anderson, J. W.

M. D. Dailey, D. J. Reish, and J. W. Anderson, eds., Ecology of the Southern California Bight (University of California Press, 1993).

Arnone, R. A.

Arrigo, K. R.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Austin, R. W.

R. W. Austin, "The remote sensing of spectral radiance from below the ocean surface," in Optical Aspects of Oceanography, N.G.Jerlov and E.S.Nielson, eds. (Academic, York, 1974), pp. 317-344.

Babin, M.

M. Babin, A. Morel, V. Fournier-Sicre, F. Fell, and D. Stramski, "Light scattering properties of marine particles in coastal and oceanic waters as related to the particle mass concentration," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 843-859 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Oubelkheir, H. Claustre, A. Sciandra, and M. Babin, "Bio-optical and biogeochemical properties of different trophic regimes in oceanic waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. (to be published).

Baker, K. S.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, "A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909-10,924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bannari, A.

G. Girouard, A. Bannari, A. E. Harti, and A. Desrochers, "Validated spectral angle mapper algorithm for geological mapping: comparative study between QuickBird and Landsat-TM," presented at the XXth ISPRS Congress, Geo-Imagery Bridging Continents, Istanbul, Turkey, 12-23 July 2004.

Baratange, F.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, "The particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C01014, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barnard, A. H.

M. S. Twardowski, E. Boss, J. B. Macdonald, W. S. Pegau, A. H. Barnard, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, "A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C7), doi: , 14,129-14,142, (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bergmann, T.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, C. Orrico, and M. A. Moline, "Inverting inherent optical signatures in the nearshore coastal waters at the Long Term Ecosystem Observatory," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C12S04, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bissett, W. P.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, C. Orrico, and M. A. Moline, "Inverting inherent optical signatures in the nearshore coastal waters at the Long Term Ecosystem Observatory," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C12S04, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boss, E.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, "The particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C01014, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Chang, E. Boss, C. Mobley, T. D. Dickey, and W. S. Pegau, "Toward closure of upwelling radiance in coastal waters," Appl. Opt. 42, 1574-1582 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Twardowski, E. Boss, J. B. Macdonald, W. S. Pegau, A. H. Barnard, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, "A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C7), doi: , 14,129-14,142, (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Boss, M. S. Twardowski, and S. Herring, "Shape of the particulate beam attenuation spectrum and its inversion to obtain the shape of the particulate size distribution," Appl. Opt. 40, 4885-4893 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brown, J. W.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, "A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909-10,924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Brown, O. B.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, "A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909-10,924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Carder, K. L.

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, "Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters," Appl. Opt. 41, 5755-5772 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, "Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for Sea WiFS," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937-24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, and J. S. Patch, "An empirical algorithm for light absorption by ocean water based on color," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 27,967-27,978 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Roesler, M. J. Perry, and K. L. Carder, "Modeling in situ phytoplankton absorption from total absorption spectra in productive inland marine waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. 34, 1510-1523 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Castaing, P.

D. Doxaran, J.-M. Froidefond, S. Lavender, and P. Castaing, "Spectral signature of highly turbid waters. Application with SPOT data to quantify suspended particulate matter concentrations," Remote Sens. Environ. 81, 149-161 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. C.

G. C. Chang, E. Boss, C. Mobley, T. D. Dickey, and W. S. Pegau, "Toward closure of upwelling radiance in coastal waters," Appl. Opt. 42, 1574-1582 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, S. Jiang, D. V. Manov, and F. W. Spada, "Optical methods for interdisciplinary research in the coastal ocean," in Recent Research Developments in Optics, M.Kawasaki, N.Ashgriz, and R.Anthony, eds. (Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India, 2003), Vol. 3, pp. 249-270.

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, and A. J. Williams 3rd, "Sediment resuspension over a continental shelf during hurricanes Edouard and Hortense," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C5), doi: , 9517-9531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Chang and T. D. Dickey, "Optical and physical variability on timescales from minutes to the seasonal cycle on the New England shelf: July 1996 to June 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C5), doi: , 9435-9454 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chavez, F. P.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Clark, D. K.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, "A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909-10,924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Claustre, H.

K. Oubelkheir, H. Claustre, A. Sciandra, and M. Babin, "Bio-optical and biogeochemical properties of different trophic regimes in oceanic waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. (to be published).

Cota, G. F.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Craig, S.

S. Craig, S. E. Lohrenz, Z. Lee, K. L. Mahoney, G. J. Kirkpatrick, O. M. Schofield, and R. G. Steward, "Use of hyperspectral remote sensing reflectance for detection and assessment of the harmful alga, Karenia brevis," submitted to Appl. Opt.

Culver, M.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Dailey, M. D.

M. D. Dailey, D. J. Reish, and J. W. Anderson, eds., Ecology of the Southern California Bight (University of California Press, 1993).

Davis, C. O.

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, and J. S. Patch, "An empirical algorithm for light absorption by ocean water based on color," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 27,967-27,978 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Desrochers, A.

G. Girouard, A. Bannari, A. E. Harti, and A. Desrochers, "Validated spectral angle mapper algorithm for geological mapping: comparative study between QuickBird and Landsat-TM," presented at the XXth ISPRS Congress, Geo-Imagery Bridging Continents, Istanbul, Turkey, 12-23 July 2004.

Dickey, T. D.

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, S. Jiang, D. V. Manov, and F. W. Spada, "Optical methods for interdisciplinary research in the coastal ocean," in Recent Research Developments in Optics, M.Kawasaki, N.Ashgriz, and R.Anthony, eds. (Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India, 2003), Vol. 3, pp. 249-270.

G. C. Chang, E. Boss, C. Mobley, T. D. Dickey, and W. S. Pegau, "Toward closure of upwelling radiance in coastal waters," Appl. Opt. 42, 1574-1582 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Chang and T. D. Dickey, "Optical and physical variability on timescales from minutes to the seasonal cycle on the New England shelf: July 1996 to June 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C5), doi: , 9435-9454 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, and A. J. Williams 3rd, "Sediment resuspension over a continental shelf during hurricanes Edouard and Hortense," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C5), doi: , 9517-9531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Doxaran, D.

D. Doxaran, J.-M. Froidefond, S. Lavender, and P. Castaing, "Spectral signature of highly turbid waters. Application with SPOT data to quantify suspended particulate matter concentrations," Remote Sens. Environ. 81, 149-161 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Evans, R. H.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, "A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909-10,924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fell, F.

M. Babin, A. Morel, V. Fournier-Sicre, F. Fell, and D. Stramski, "Light scattering properties of marine particles in coastal and oceanic waters as related to the particle mass concentration," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 843-859 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fournier-Sicre, V.

M. Babin, A. Morel, V. Fournier-Sicre, F. Fell, and D. Stramski, "Light scattering properties of marine particles in coastal and oceanic waters as related to the particle mass concentration," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 843-859 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Froidefond, J.-M.

D. Doxaran, J.-M. Froidefond, S. Lavender, and P. Castaing, "Spectral signature of highly turbid waters. Application with SPOT data to quantify suspended particulate matter concentrations," Remote Sens. Environ. 81, 149-161 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gallegos, C. L.

Garver, S. A.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, "Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for Sea WiFS," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937-24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Garver, D. A. Siegel, and B. G. Mitchell, "Variability in near-surface particulate absorption spectra: What can a satellite ocean color imager see?" Limnol. Oceanogr. 39, 1349-1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Girouard, G.

G. Girouard, A. Bannari, A. E. Harti, and A. Desrochers, "Validated spectral angle mapper algorithm for geological mapping: comparative study between QuickBird and Landsat-TM," presented at the XXth ISPRS Congress, Geo-Imagery Bridging Continents, Istanbul, Turkey, 12-23 July 2004.

Gordon, H. R.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, "A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909-10,924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gray, D.

Green, R. E.

R. E. Green, H. M. Sosik, and R. J. Olson, "Contributions of phytoplankton and other particles to inherent optical properties in New England continental shelf waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 2377-2391 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Harding, L.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Hardy, J. T.

J. T. Hardy, "Phytoplankton," in Ecology of the Southern California Bight, M. D. Daily, D. J. Reish, and J. W. Anderson, eds. (University of California Press, 1993), pp. 233-265.

Harti, A. E.

G. Girouard, A. Bannari, A. E. Harti, and A. Desrochers, "Validated spectral angle mapper algorithm for geological mapping: comparative study between QuickBird and Landsat-TM," presented at the XXth ISPRS Congress, Geo-Imagery Bridging Continents, Istanbul, Turkey, 12-23 July 2004.

Herring, S.

Hooker, S. B.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Irwin, A.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, C. Orrico, and M. A. Moline, "Inverting inherent optical signatures in the nearshore coastal waters at the Long Term Ecosystem Observatory," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C12S04, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, S. Jiang, D. V. Manov, and F. W. Spada, "Optical methods for interdisciplinary research in the coastal ocean," in Recent Research Developments in Optics, M.Kawasaki, N.Ashgriz, and R.Anthony, eds. (Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India, 2003), Vol. 3, pp. 249-270.

Johnsen, G.

D. F. Millie, O. M. Schofield, G. J. Kirkpatrick, G. Johnsen, P. A. Tester, and B. T. Vinyard, "Detection of harmful algal blooms using photopigments and absorption signatures: A case study of the Florida red tide dinoflagellates, Gymnodinium breve," Limnol. Oceanogr. 42, 1240-1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kahru, M.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, "Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for Sea WiFS," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937-24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kirkpatrick, G.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, C. Orrico, and M. A. Moline, "Inverting inherent optical signatures in the nearshore coastal waters at the Long Term Ecosystem Observatory," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C12S04, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kirkpatrick, G. J.

D. F. Millie, O. M. Schofield, G. J. Kirkpatrick, G. Johnsen, P. A. Tester, and B. T. Vinyard, "Detection of harmful algal blooms using photopigments and absorption signatures: A case study of the Florida red tide dinoflagellates, Gymnodinium breve," Limnol. Oceanogr. 42, 1240-1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Craig, S. E. Lohrenz, Z. Lee, K. L. Mahoney, G. J. Kirkpatrick, O. M. Schofield, and R. G. Steward, "Use of hyperspectral remote sensing reflectance for detection and assessment of the harmful alga, Karenia brevis," submitted to Appl. Opt.

Korotaev, G.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, "The particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C01014, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lavender, S.

D. Doxaran, J.-M. Froidefond, S. Lavender, and P. Castaing, "Spectral signature of highly turbid waters. Application with SPOT data to quantify suspended particulate matter concentrations," Remote Sens. Environ. 81, 149-161 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, "The particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C01014, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Z.

S. Craig, S. E. Lohrenz, Z. Lee, K. L. Mahoney, G. J. Kirkpatrick, O. M. Schofield, and R. G. Steward, "Use of hyperspectral remote sensing reflectance for detection and assessment of the harmful alga, Karenia brevis," submitted to Appl. Opt.

Lee, Z. P.

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, "Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters," Appl. Opt. 41, 5755-5772 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, and J. S. Patch, "An empirical algorithm for light absorption by ocean water based on color," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 27,967-27,978 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Letelier, R.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Lohrenz, S. E.

S. Craig, S. E. Lohrenz, Z. Lee, K. L. Mahoney, G. J. Kirkpatrick, O. M. Schofield, and R. G. Steward, "Use of hyperspectral remote sensing reflectance for detection and assessment of the harmful alga, Karenia brevis," submitted to Appl. Opt.

Macdonald, J. B.

M. S. Twardowski, E. Boss, J. B. Macdonald, W. S. Pegau, A. H. Barnard, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, "A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C7), doi: , 14,129-14,142, (2001).
[CrossRef]

Magnuson, A.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Mahoney, K. L.

S. Craig, S. E. Lohrenz, Z. Lee, K. L. Mahoney, G. J. Kirkpatrick, O. M. Schofield, and R. G. Steward, "Use of hyperspectral remote sensing reflectance for detection and assessment of the harmful alga, Karenia brevis," submitted to Appl. Opt.

Manov, D. V.

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, S. Jiang, D. V. Manov, and F. W. Spada, "Optical methods for interdisciplinary research in the coastal ocean," in Recent Research Developments in Optics, M.Kawasaki, N.Ashgriz, and R.Anthony, eds. (Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India, 2003), Vol. 3, pp. 249-270.

Maritorena, S.

A. Morel and S. Maritorena, "Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: a reappraisal," J. Geophys. Res. 106, 7163-7180 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, "Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for Sea WiFS," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937-24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McClain, C.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, "Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for Sea WiFS," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937-24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McClain, C. R.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Menzies, D.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Miller, R.

J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, J. R. V. Zaneveld, C. Moore, B. Rhoades, and R. Miller, "The hyperspectral temperature and salinity dependent absorption coefficients of pure water," in Proceedings from Ocean Optics XVII (Office of Naval Research, Fremantle, Australia, 2004).

Millie, D. F.

D. F. Millie, O. M. Schofield, G. J. Kirkpatrick, G. Johnsen, P. A. Tester, and B. T. Vinyard, "Detection of harmful algal blooms using photopigments and absorption signatures: A case study of the Florida red tide dinoflagellates, Gymnodinium breve," Limnol. Oceanogr. 42, 1240-1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, B. G.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, "Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for Sea WiFS," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937-24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Garver, D. A. Siegel, and B. G. Mitchell, "Variability in near-surface particulate absorption spectra: What can a satellite ocean color imager see?" Limnol. Oceanogr. 39, 1349-1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mobley, C.

Moline, M. A.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, C. Orrico, and M. A. Moline, "Inverting inherent optical signatures in the nearshore coastal waters at the Long Term Ecosystem Observatory," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C12S04, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moore, C.

J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, J. R. V. Zaneveld, C. Moore, B. Rhoades, and R. Miller, "The hyperspectral temperature and salinity dependent absorption coefficients of pure water," in Proceedings from Ocean Optics XVII (Office of Naval Research, Fremantle, Australia, 2004).

Moore, G. F.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Morel, A.

M. Babin, A. Morel, V. Fournier-Sicre, F. Fell, and D. Stramski, "Light scattering properties of marine particles in coastal and oceanic waters as related to the particle mass concentration," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 843-859 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel and S. Maritorena, "Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: a reappraisal," J. Geophys. Res. 106, 7163-7180 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mueller, J. L.

W. S. Pegau, J. R. V. Zaneveld, and J. L. Mueller, "Volume absorption coefficients: instruments, characterization, field measurements and data analysis protocols," in Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, J.L.Mueller, G.S.Fargion, and C.R.McClain, eds., NASA/TM-2003-211621/Rev4-Vol.VI (NASA, 2003), Vol. IV.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Müller-Karger, F.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Neale, P. J.

O'Brien, M. C.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Oliver, M. J.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, C. Orrico, and M. A. Moline, "Inverting inherent optical signatures in the nearshore coastal waters at the Long Term Ecosystem Observatory," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C12S04, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Olson, R. J.

R. E. Green, H. M. Sosik, and R. J. Olson, "Contributions of phytoplankton and other particles to inherent optical properties in New England continental shelf waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 2377-2391 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O'Reilly, J. E.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, "Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for Sea WiFS," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937-24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Örnólfsdóttir, E. B.

E. B. Örnólfsdóttir, J. L. Pinckney, and P. A. Tester, "Quantification of the relative abundance of the toxic dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis (Dinophyta), using unique photopigments," J. Phycol. 39, 449-457 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Orrico, C.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, C. Orrico, and M. A. Moline, "Inverting inherent optical signatures in the nearshore coastal waters at the Long Term Ecosystem Observatory," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C12S04, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oubelkheir, K.

K. Oubelkheir, H. Claustre, A. Sciandra, and M. Babin, "Bio-optical and biogeochemical properties of different trophic regimes in oceanic waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. (to be published).

Patch, J. S.

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, and J. S. Patch, "An empirical algorithm for light absorption by ocean water based on color," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 27,967-27,978 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Peacock, T. G.

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, and J. S. Patch, "An empirical algorithm for light absorption by ocean water based on color," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 27,967-27,978 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pegau, W. S.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, "The particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C01014, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Pegau, J. R. V. Zaneveld, and J. L. Mueller, "Volume absorption coefficients: instruments, characterization, field measurements and data analysis protocols," in Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, J.L.Mueller, G.S.Fargion, and C.R.McClain, eds., NASA/TM-2003-211621/Rev4-Vol.VI (NASA, 2003), Vol. IV.

G. C. Chang, E. Boss, C. Mobley, T. D. Dickey, and W. S. Pegau, "Toward closure of upwelling radiance in coastal waters," Appl. Opt. 42, 1574-1582 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Twardowski, E. Boss, J. B. Macdonald, W. S. Pegau, A. H. Barnard, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, "A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C7), doi: , 14,129-14,142, (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Pegau, D. Gray, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, "Absorption of visible and near-infrared light in water: the dependence on temperature and salinity," Appl. Opt. 36, 6035-6046 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perry, M. J.

C. S. Roesler and M. J. Perry, "In situ phytoplankton absorption, fluorescence emission, and particulate backscattering spectra determined from reflectance," J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13,279-13,294 (1995).

C. S. Roesler, M. J. Perry, and K. L. Carder, "Modeling in situ phytoplankton absorption from total absorption spectra in productive inland marine waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. 34, 1510-1523 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Phinney, D.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Pinckney, J. L.

E. B. Örnólfsdóttir, J. L. Pinckney, and P. A. Tester, "Quantification of the relative abundance of the toxic dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis (Dinophyta), using unique photopigments," J. Phycol. 39, 449-457 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Platt, T.

Reish, D. J.

M. D. Dailey, D. J. Reish, and J. W. Anderson, eds., Ecology of the Southern California Bight (University of California Press, 1993).

Rhoades, B.

J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, J. R. V. Zaneveld, C. Moore, B. Rhoades, and R. Miller, "The hyperspectral temperature and salinity dependent absorption coefficients of pure water," in Proceedings from Ocean Optics XVII (Office of Naval Research, Fremantle, Australia, 2004).

Roesler, C. S.

C. S. Roesler and M. J. Perry, "In situ phytoplankton absorption, fluorescence emission, and particulate backscattering spectra determined from reflectance," J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13,279-13,294 (1995).

C. S. Roesler, M. J. Perry, and K. L. Carder, "Modeling in situ phytoplankton absorption from total absorption spectra in productive inland marine waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. 34, 1510-1523 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sathyendranath, S.

Schofield, O.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, C. Orrico, and M. A. Moline, "Inverting inherent optical signatures in the nearshore coastal waters at the Long Term Ecosystem Observatory," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C12S04, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schofield, O. M.

D. F. Millie, O. M. Schofield, G. J. Kirkpatrick, G. Johnsen, P. A. Tester, and B. T. Vinyard, "Detection of harmful algal blooms using photopigments and absorption signatures: A case study of the Florida red tide dinoflagellates, Gymnodinium breve," Limnol. Oceanogr. 42, 1240-1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Craig, S. E. Lohrenz, Z. Lee, K. L. Mahoney, G. J. Kirkpatrick, O. M. Schofield, and R. G. Steward, "Use of hyperspectral remote sensing reflectance for detection and assessment of the harmful alga, Karenia brevis," submitted to Appl. Opt.

Sciandra, A.

K. Oubelkheir, H. Claustre, A. Sciandra, and M. Babin, "Bio-optical and biogeochemical properties of different trophic regimes in oceanic waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. (to be published).

Shybanov, E.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, "The particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C01014, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, D. A.

D. A. Toole and D. A. Siegel, "Modes and mechanisms of ocean color variability in the Santa Barbara Channel," J. Geophys. Res. 106( C11), 26,985-27,000 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, "Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for Sea WiFS," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937-24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Garver, D. A. Siegel, and B. G. Mitchell, "Variability in near-surface particulate absorption spectra: What can a satellite ocean color imager see?" Limnol. Oceanogr. 39, 1349-1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sildam, J.

J. Sildam, "Radiance-irradiance data quality assurance report," data processing Rep. (Satlantic, Inc., Halifax, Nova Scotia, 2002).

Smith, R. C.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, "A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909-10,924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sosik, H. M.

R. E. Green, H. M. Sosik, and R. J. Olson, "Contributions of phytoplankton and other particles to inherent optical properties in New England continental shelf waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 2377-2391 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Spada, F. W.

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, S. Jiang, D. V. Manov, and F. W. Spada, "Optical methods for interdisciplinary research in the coastal ocean," in Recent Research Developments in Optics, M.Kawasaki, N.Ashgriz, and R.Anthony, eds. (Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India, 2003), Vol. 3, pp. 249-270.

Steward, R. G.

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, and J. S. Patch, "An empirical algorithm for light absorption by ocean water based on color," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 27,967-27,978 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Craig, S. E. Lohrenz, Z. Lee, K. L. Mahoney, G. J. Kirkpatrick, O. M. Schofield, and R. G. Steward, "Use of hyperspectral remote sensing reflectance for detection and assessment of the harmful alga, Karenia brevis," submitted to Appl. Opt.

Stramski, D.

M. Babin, A. Morel, V. Fournier-Sicre, F. Fell, and D. Stramski, "Light scattering properties of marine particles in coastal and oceanic waters as related to the particle mass concentration," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 843-859 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Strutton, P.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Sullivan, J. M.

J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, J. R. V. Zaneveld, C. Moore, B. Rhoades, and R. Miller, "The hyperspectral temperature and salinity dependent absorption coefficients of pure water," in Proceedings from Ocean Optics XVII (Office of Naval Research, Fremantle, Australia, 2004).

Tester, P. A.

E. B. Örnólfsdóttir, J. L. Pinckney, and P. A. Tester, "Quantification of the relative abundance of the toxic dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis (Dinophyta), using unique photopigments," J. Phycol. 39, 449-457 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Millie, O. M. Schofield, G. J. Kirkpatrick, G. Johnsen, P. A. Tester, and B. T. Vinyard, "Detection of harmful algal blooms using photopigments and absorption signatures: A case study of the Florida red tide dinoflagellates, Gymnodinium breve," Limnol. Oceanogr. 42, 1240-1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Toole, D.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

Toole, D. A.

D. A. Toole and D. A. Siegel, "Modes and mechanisms of ocean color variability in the Santa Barbara Channel," J. Geophys. Res. 106( C11), 26,985-27,000 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Twardowski, M.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, "The particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C01014, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

Twardowski, M. S.

J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, J. R. V. Zaneveld, C. Moore, B. Rhoades, and R. Miller, "The hyperspectral temperature and salinity dependent absorption coefficients of pure water," in Proceedings from Ocean Optics XVII (Office of Naval Research, Fremantle, Australia, 2004).

M. S. Twardowski, E. Boss, J. B. Macdonald, W. S. Pegau, A. H. Barnard, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, "A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C7), doi: , 14,129-14,142, (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Boss, M. S. Twardowski, and S. Herring, "Shape of the particulate beam attenuation spectrum and its inversion to obtain the shape of the particulate size distribution," Appl. Opt. 40, 4885-4893 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ulloa, O.

Vinyard, B. T.

D. F. Millie, O. M. Schofield, G. J. Kirkpatrick, G. Johnsen, P. A. Tester, and B. T. Vinyard, "Detection of harmful algal blooms using photopigments and absorption signatures: A case study of the Florida red tide dinoflagellates, Gymnodinium breve," Limnol. Oceanogr. 42, 1240-1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Warrick, J. A.

J. A. Warrick, "Short-term (1997-2000) and long-term (1928-2000) observations of river water and sediment discharge to the Santa Barbara Channel, California," Ph.D. dissertation (University of California Santa Barbara, 2002).

Williams, A. J.

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, and A. J. Williams 3rd, "Sediment resuspension over a continental shelf during hurricanes Edouard and Hortense," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C5), doi: , 9517-9531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wollast, R.

R. Wollast, "Evaluation and comparison of the global carbon cycle in the coastal zone and in the open ocean," in The Global Coastal Ocean: Processes and Methods, Vol. 10 of The Sea, K.H.Brink and A.R.Robinson, eds. (Wiley, 1998), pp. 213-225.

Zaneveld, J. R. V.

J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, J. R. V. Zaneveld, C. Moore, B. Rhoades, and R. Miller, "The hyperspectral temperature and salinity dependent absorption coefficients of pure water," in Proceedings from Ocean Optics XVII (Office of Naval Research, Fremantle, Australia, 2004).

W. S. Pegau, J. R. V. Zaneveld, and J. L. Mueller, "Volume absorption coefficients: instruments, characterization, field measurements and data analysis protocols," in Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, J.L.Mueller, G.S.Fargion, and C.R.McClain, eds., NASA/TM-2003-211621/Rev4-Vol.VI (NASA, 2003), Vol. IV.

M. S. Twardowski, E. Boss, J. B. Macdonald, W. S. Pegau, A. H. Barnard, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, "A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C7), doi: , 14,129-14,142, (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Pegau, D. Gray, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, "Absorption of visible and near-infrared light in water: the dependence on temperature and salinity," Appl. Opt. 36, 6035-6046 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (6)

J. Geophys. Res. (8)

C. S. Roesler and M. J. Perry, "In situ phytoplankton absorption, fluorescence emission, and particulate backscattering spectra determined from reflectance," J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13,279-13,294 (1995).

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, W. P. Bissett, C. Orrico, and M. A. Moline, "Inverting inherent optical signatures in the nearshore coastal waters at the Long Term Ecosystem Observatory," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C12S04, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Toole and D. A. Siegel, "Modes and mechanisms of ocean color variability in the Santa Barbara Channel," J. Geophys. Res. 106( C11), 26,985-27,000 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel and S. Maritorena, "Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: a reappraisal," J. Geophys. Res. 106, 7163-7180 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, "A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909-10,924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Twardowski, E. Boss, J. B. Macdonald, W. S. Pegau, A. H. Barnard, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, "A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C7), doi: , 14,129-14,142, (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. G. Steward, T. G. Peacock, C. O. Davis, and J. S. Patch, "An empirical algorithm for light absorption by ocean water based on color," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 27,967-27,978 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, "Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for Sea WiFS," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937-24,953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Phycol. (1)

E. B. Örnólfsdóttir, J. L. Pinckney, and P. A. Tester, "Quantification of the relative abundance of the toxic dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis (Dinophyta), using unique photopigments," J. Phycol. 39, 449-457 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Limnol. Oceanogr. (5)

D. F. Millie, O. M. Schofield, G. J. Kirkpatrick, G. Johnsen, P. A. Tester, and B. T. Vinyard, "Detection of harmful algal blooms using photopigments and absorption signatures: A case study of the Florida red tide dinoflagellates, Gymnodinium breve," Limnol. Oceanogr. 42, 1240-1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Garver, D. A. Siegel, and B. G. Mitchell, "Variability in near-surface particulate absorption spectra: What can a satellite ocean color imager see?" Limnol. Oceanogr. 39, 1349-1367 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Babin, A. Morel, V. Fournier-Sicre, F. Fell, and D. Stramski, "Light scattering properties of marine particles in coastal and oceanic waters as related to the particle mass concentration," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 843-859 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Green, H. M. Sosik, and R. J. Olson, "Contributions of phytoplankton and other particles to inherent optical properties in New England continental shelf waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 2377-2391 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Roesler, M. J. Perry, and K. L. Carder, "Modeling in situ phytoplankton absorption from total absorption spectra in productive inland marine waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. 34, 1510-1523 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Remote Sens. Environ. (1)

D. Doxaran, J.-M. Froidefond, S. Lavender, and P. Castaing, "Spectral signature of highly turbid waters. Application with SPOT data to quantify suspended particulate matter concentrations," Remote Sens. Environ. 81, 149-161 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (16)

G. Girouard, A. Bannari, A. E. Harti, and A. Desrochers, "Validated spectral angle mapper algorithm for geological mapping: comparative study between QuickBird and Landsat-TM," presented at the XXth ISPRS Congress, Geo-Imagery Bridging Continents, Istanbul, Turkey, 12-23 July 2004.

J. Sildam, "Radiance-irradiance data quality assurance report," data processing Rep. (Satlantic, Inc., Halifax, Nova Scotia, 2002).

S. Craig, S. E. Lohrenz, Z. Lee, K. L. Mahoney, G. J. Kirkpatrick, O. M. Schofield, and R. G. Steward, "Use of hyperspectral remote sensing reflectance for detection and assessment of the harmful alga, Karenia brevis," submitted to Appl. Opt.

J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, J. R. V. Zaneveld, C. Moore, B. Rhoades, and R. Miller, "The hyperspectral temperature and salinity dependent absorption coefficients of pure water," in Proceedings from Ocean Optics XVII (Office of Naval Research, Fremantle, Australia, 2004).

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, M. C. O'Brien, D. A. Siegel, D. Toole, D. Menzies, R. C. Smith, J. L. Mueller, B. G. Mitchell, M. Kahru, F. P. Chavez, P. Strutton, G. F. Cota, S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, K. L. Carder, F. Müller-Karger, L. Harding, A. Magnuson, D. Phinney, G. F. Moore, J. Aiken, K. R. Arrigo, R. Letelier, and M. Culver, "Ocean color chlorophyll a algorithms for SeaWiFS, OC2, and OC4: version 4," in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, S.B.Hooker and E.R.Firestone, eds., Part 3, Vol. 11 of SeaWiFS Postlaunch Tech. Rep. Series (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2000), pp. 9-23.

W. S. Pegau, J. R. V. Zaneveld, and J. L. Mueller, "Volume absorption coefficients: instruments, characterization, field measurements and data analysis protocols," in Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, J.L.Mueller, G.S.Fargion, and C.R.McClain, eds., NASA/TM-2003-211621/Rev4-Vol.VI (NASA, 2003), Vol. IV.

R. W. Austin, "The remote sensing of spectral radiance from below the ocean surface," in Optical Aspects of Oceanography, N.G.Jerlov and E.S.Nielson, eds. (Academic, York, 1974), pp. 317-344.

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, S. Jiang, D. V. Manov, and F. W. Spada, "Optical methods for interdisciplinary research in the coastal ocean," in Recent Research Developments in Optics, M.Kawasaki, N.Ashgriz, and R.Anthony, eds. (Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India, 2003), Vol. 3, pp. 249-270.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, "The particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution," J. Geophys. Res. 109, C01014, doi: (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, and A. J. Williams 3rd, "Sediment resuspension over a continental shelf during hurricanes Edouard and Hortense," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C5), doi: , 9517-9531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Chang and T. D. Dickey, "Optical and physical variability on timescales from minutes to the seasonal cycle on the New England shelf: July 1996 to June 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 106(C5), doi: , 9435-9454 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Dailey, D. J. Reish, and J. W. Anderson, eds., Ecology of the Southern California Bight (University of California Press, 1993).

J. T. Hardy, "Phytoplankton," in Ecology of the Southern California Bight, M. D. Daily, D. J. Reish, and J. W. Anderson, eds. (University of California Press, 1993), pp. 233-265.

J. A. Warrick, "Short-term (1997-2000) and long-term (1928-2000) observations of river water and sediment discharge to the Santa Barbara Channel, California," Ph.D. dissertation (University of California Santa Barbara, 2002).

K. Oubelkheir, H. Claustre, A. Sciandra, and M. Babin, "Bio-optical and biogeochemical properties of different trophic regimes in oceanic waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. (to be published).

R. Wollast, "Evaluation and comparison of the global carbon cycle in the coastal zone and in the open ocean," in The Global Coastal Ocean: Processes and Methods, Vol. 10 of The Sea, K.H.Brink and A.R.Robinson, eds. (Wiley, 1998), pp. 213-225.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Left, map of the SB Channel, showing the location of the SB CHARM. Inset, coastal California, USA: red star, location of the SB Channel. Right, schematic diagram of the SB CHARM: RF, radio frequency; GPS, global positioning system; L u(λ), E d(λ), location(s) of the hyperspectral upwelling radiance and downwelling irradiance sensors, respectively; ac-s, hyperspectral absorption-attenuation meter; ECObb3, spectral backscattering meter; Fluor, fluorometer; ECOf13, spectral fluorometer; Temp, temperature; Sal, salinity; MBBP, bioluminescence sensor; bb, single-wavelength backscattering meter; PO4, phosphate analyzer; ADCP, acoustic Doppler current profiler.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time series of 6-h averaged (a) temperature at approximately every meter from surface to 24 m (some depths are labeled) and (b) salinity at 4, 10, and 22 m (labeled). Dashed vertical lines separate periods of changing optical water masses; periods are labeled (WM, water mass). Temperature versus salinity at (c) 4, 10, 22 m and at (d) 4 m, highlighting the four optical water masses: WM 1, WM 2, plume waters, and WM 3.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical property–property plots of 4 m (a) particulate plus gelbstoff absorption at 410 nm, a pg(410); (b) particulate scattering at 530 nm, b p(530); (c) b p(530)∕a pg(410); (d) particulate backscattering ratio at 532∕530 nm, b bp(532)∕b p(530), versus particulate plus gelbstoff attenuation at 650 nm, c pg(650); (e) bp (530); (f) b bp(532); (g) b bp(532)∕bp (530) versus a pg(410); (h) a pg(410); (i) c pg(650); (j) bp (530); (k) bbp (532)∕b p(530) versus chlorophyll-a concentration (Ch1) Plume means Ventura River plume waters.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Daily noontime hyperspectral reflectance at 4 m, R(λ, 4 m), [computed from Eq. (4)] from 12 February to 14 April 2004. Thick, dashed curves signify the mean of all daily noontime spectra Plume means Ventura River plume waters.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Ratio of (a) derived (der) to measured (meas) Chl obtained with the SeaWiFS standard operational algorithm, OC4v4 (×), and the two-ratio algorithm presented by Lee et al.[2] (circles) plotted against measured Chl and (b) derived (der) to measured (meas) total absorption coefficient at 440 nm [at (440)] from the empirical algorithm presented by Lee et al.[2] (circles) and the semianalytical algorithm presented by Lee et al.[11] (pluses), compared with measured a t(440) [a w(440) added to direct ac-s measurements].

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Plume conditions, squares in (a), (c), and (e) and thick, dark curves in (b), (d), and (f), separated from the rest of the time series by use of the SAM algorithm. Reflectance at 555 nm, R(555, 4 m), normalized to 715 nm (a) time series and (b) spectra. Downwelling irradiance at 410 nm, E d(410, 4 m), normalized to 715 nm (c) time series and (d) spectra. Particulate plus gelbstoff absorption coefficient at 410 nm, a pg(410) (e) time series and (f) spectra. a pg(715) was subtracted from all other wavelengths. All data were from 4 m water depth. Dashed vertical lines separate periods of changing optical water masses; periods are labeled.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Hydrographic and Optical characteristics of Four Water Masses Observed at the Santa Barbara Channel Relocatable Mooring from 12 February to 26 March 2004

Equations (14)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

a t ( λ ) = a g ( λ ) + a ph ( λ ) + a d ( λ ) + a w ( λ ) ,
c t ( λ ) = a t ( λ ) + b t ( λ ) ,
b t ( λ ) = b p ( λ ) + b w ( λ ) ,
b p ( λ ) = b ph ( λ ) + b d ( λ )
R ( λ , 4   m ) = L u ( λ , 4   m ) / E d ( λ , 4   m ) .
R rs ( λ ) = L w ( λ ) / E d ( λ , 0 + ) ,
L w ( λ ) = 0.54 L u ( λ , 0 ) ,
E d ( λ , 0 + ) = 1.04 E d ( λ , 0 ) ,
K L ( λ ) = d d z [ ln L u ( λ , z ) ] ,
= 1 Δ z ln L u ( λ , z 2 ) L u ( λ , z 1 ) ,
K d ( λ ) = d d z [ ln E d ( λ , z ) ] .
= 1 Δ z ln E d ( λ , z 2 ) E d ( λ , z 1 ) ,
a t ( λ ) = K d ( λ ) 0.90 [ 1 + 2.25 R ( λ ) ] 1     [ 1 R ( λ ) ] ,
α = arccos [ ( x x avg ) / ( | x | | x avg | ) ] ,

Metrics