OSA Publishing

Author & Reviewer Resource Center

Optics Classification and Indexing Scheme (OCIS)

OCIS provides a flexible, comprehensive classification system for all optical author input and user retrieval needs. OCIS has a two-level hierarchical structure containing 36 main headers and approximately 1100 subcategories. OSA authors, presenters, and reviewers use OCIS to classify and index journal articles, meeting abstracts and presentations, and areas of research interest and expertise.

A PDF version of the OCIS codes is also available. If you have suggestions for changes or additions, please send them to OCIS@osa.org.

Main Categories

000.0000  General
010.0010   Atmospheric and oceanic optics
020.0020   Atomic and molecular physics
030.0030   Coherence and statistical optics
040.0040   Detectors
050.0050   Diffraction and gratings
060.0060   Fiber optics and optical communications
070.0070   Fourier optics and signal processing
080.0080   Geometric optics
090.0090   Holography
100.0100   Image processing
110.0110   Imaging systems
120.0120   Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
130.0130   Integrated optics
140.0140   Lasers and laser optics
150.0150   Machine vision
160.0160   Materials
170.0170   Medical optics and biotechnology
180.0180   Microscopy
190.0190   Nonlinear optics
200.0200   Optics in computing
210.0210   Optical data storage
220.0220   Optical design and fabrication
230.0230   Optical devices
240.0240   Optics at surfaces
250.0250   Optoelectronics
260.0260   Physical optics
270.0270   Quantum optics
280.0280   Remote sensing and sensors
290.0290   Scattering
300.0300   Spectroscopy
310.0310   Thin films
320.0320   Ultrafast optics
330.0330   Vision, color, and visual optics
340.0340   X-ray optics
350.0350   Other areas of optics

Complete Listing

000.0000   General
000.1200   Announcements, awards, news, and organizational activities
000.1410   Biography
000.1430   Biology and medicine
000.1570   Chemistry
000.1600   Classical and quantum physics
000.1780   Conferences, lectures, and institutes
000.2060   Education
000.2170   Equipment and techniques
000.2190   Experimental physics
000.2658   Fundamental tests
000.2690   General physics
000.2700   General science
000.2780   Gravity
000.2850   History and philosophy
000.3110   Instruments, apparatus, and components common to the sciences
000.3860   Mathematical methods in physics
000.3870   Mathematics
000.4430   Numerical approximation and analysis
000.4895   OSA history
000.4920   Other life sciences
000.4930   Other topics of general interest
000.5360   Physics literature and publications
000.5490   Probability theory, stochastic processes, and statistics
000.5920   Science and society
000.6590   Statistical mechanics
000.6800   Theoretical physics
000.6850   Thermodynamics

010.0010   Atmospheric and oceanic optics
010.0280   Remote sensing and sensors
010.1030   Absorption
010.1080   Active or adaptive optics
010.1100   Aerosol detection
010.1110   Aerosols
010.1120   Air pollution monitoring
010.1280   Atmospheric composition
010.1285   Atmospheric correction
010.1290   Atmospheric optics
010.1300   Atmospheric propagation
010.1310   Atmospheric scattering
010.1320   Atmospheric transmittance
010.1330   Atmospheric turbulence
010.1350   Backscattering
010.1615   Clouds
010.1690   Color
010.2940   Ice crystal phenomena
010.3310   Laser beam transmission
010.3640   Lidar
010.3920   Meteorology
010.4030   Mirages and refraction
010.4450   Oceanic optics
010.4455   Oceanic propagation
010.4458   Oceanic scattering
010.4950   Ozone
010.5620   Radiative transfer
010.5630   Radiometry
010.7030   Troposphere
010.7060   Turbulence
010.7295   Visibility and imaging
010.7340   Water
010.7350   Wave-front sensing

020.0020   Atomic and molecular physics
020.1335   Atom optics
020.1475   Bose-Einstein condensates
020.1670   Coherent optical effects
020.2070   Effects of collisions
020.2649   Strong field laser physics
020.2930   Hyperfine structure
020.3260   Isotope shifts
020.3320   Laser cooling
020.3690   Line shapes and shifts
020.4180   Multiphoton processes
020.4900   Oscillator strengths
020.5580   Quantum electrodynamics
020.5780   Rydberg states
020.6580   Stark effect
020.7010   Laser trapping
020.7490   Zeeman effect

030.0030   Coherence and statistical optics
030.1640   Coherence
030.1670   Coherent optical effects
030.4070   Modes
030.4280   Noise in imaging systems
030.5260   Photon counting
030.5290   Photon statistics
030.5620   Radiative transfer
030.5630   Radiometry
030.5770   Roughness
030.6140   Speckle
030.6600   Statistical optics
030.6610   Stellar speckle interferometry
030.7060   Turbulence

040.0040   Detectors
040.1240   Arrays
040.1345   Avalanche photodiodes (APDs)
040.1490   Cameras
040.1520   CCD, charge-coupled device
040.1880   Detection
040.2235   Far infrared or terahertz
040.2480   FLIR, forward-looking infrared
040.2840   Heterodyne
040.3060   Infrared
040.3780   Low light level
040.4200   Multiple quantum well
040.5150   Photoconductivity
040.5160   Photodetectors
040.5190   Photographic film
040.5250   Photomultipliers
040.5350   Photovoltaic
040.5570   Quantum detectors
040.6040   Silicon
040.6070   Solid state detectors
040.6808   Thermal (uncooled) IR detectors, arrays and imaging
040.7190   Ultraviolet
040.7290   Video
040.7480   X-rays, soft x-rays, extreme ultraviolet (EUV)

050.0050   Diffraction and gratings
050.1220   Apertures
050.1380   Binary optics
050.1590   Chirping
050.1755   Computational electromagnetic methods
050.1930   Dichroism
050.1940   Diffraction
050.1950   Diffraction gratings
050.1960   Diffraction theory
050.1965   Diffractive lenses
050.1970   Diffractive optics
050.2065   Effective medium theory
050.2230   Fabry-Perot
050.2555   Form birefringence
050.2770   Gratings
050.4865   Optical vortices
050.5080   Phase shift
050.5082   Phase space in wave optics
050.5298   Photonic crystals
050.5745   Resonance domain
050.6624   Subwavelength structures
050.6875   Three-dimensional fabrication
050.7330   Volume gratings

060.0060   Fiber optics and optical communications
060.1155   All-optical networks
060.1660   Coherent communications
060.1810   Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
060.2270   Fiber characterization
060.2280   Fiber design and fabrication
060.2290   Fiber materials
060.2300   Fiber measurements
060.2310   Fiber optics
060.2320   Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
060.2330   Fiber optics communications
060.2340   Fiber optics components
060.2350   Fiber optics imaging
060.2360   Fiber optics links and subsystems
060.2370   Fiber optics sensors
060.2380   Fiber optics sources and detectors
060.2390   Fiber optics, infrared
060.2400   Fiber properties
060.2410   Fibers, erbium
060.2420   Fibers, polarization-maintaining
060.2430   Fibers, single-mode
060.2605   Free-space optical communication
060.2630   Frequency modulation
060.2800   Gyroscopes
060.2840   Heterodyne
060.2920   Homodyning
060.3510   Lasers, fiber
060.3735   Fiber Bragg gratings
060.3738   Fiber Bragg gratings, photosensitivity
060.4005   Microstructured fibers
060.4080   Modulation
060.4230   Multiplexing
060.4250   Networks
060.4251   Networks, assignment and routing algorithms
060.4252   Networks, broadcast
060.4253   Networks, circuit-switched
060.4254   Networks, combinatorial network design
060.4255   Networks, multicast
060.4256   Networks, network optimization
060.4257   Networks, network survivability
060.4258   Networks, network topology
060.4259   Networks, packet-switched
060.4261   Networks, protection and restoration
060.4262   Networks, ring
060.4263   Networks, star
060.4264   Networks, wavelength assignment
060.4265   Networks, wavelength routing
060.4370   Nonlinear optics, fibers
060.4510   Optical communications
060.4785   Optical security and encryption
060.5060   Phase modulation
060.5295   Photonic crystal fibers
060.5530   Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
060.5565   Quantum communications
060.5625   Radio frequency photonics
060.6718   Switching, circuit
060.6719   Switching, packet
060.7140   Ultrafast processes in fibers

070.0070   Fourier optics and signal processing
070.1060   Acousto-optical signal processing
070.1170   Analog optical signal processing
070.1675   Coherent states (in wave optics)
070.2025   Discrete optical signal processing
070.2465   Finite analogs of Fourier transforms
070.2575   Fractional Fourier transforms
070.2580   Paraxial wave optics
070.2590   ABCD transforms
070.2615   Frequency filtering
070.3185   Invariant optical fields
070.4340   Nonlinear optical signal processing
070.4550   Correlators
070.4560   Data processing by optical means
070.4690   Morphological transformations
070.4790   Spectrum analysis
070.5010   Pattern recognition
070.5040   Phase conjugation
070.5753   Resonators
070.6020   Continuous optical signal processing
070.6110   Spatial filtering
070.6120   Spatial light modulators
070.6760   Talbot and self-imaging effects
070.7145   Ultrafast processing
070.7345   Wave propagation
070.7425   Quasi-probability distribution functions

080.0080   Geometric optics
080.1005   Aberration expansions
080.1010   Aberrations (global)
080.1235   Apparent images
080.1238   Array waveguide devices
080.1510   Propagation methods
080.1665   Coherent design
080.1753   Computation methods
080.2175   Etendue
080.2203   Fabrication, electroforming
080.2205   Fabrication, injection molding
080.2208   Fabrication, tolerancing
080.2468   First-order optics
080.2575   Fractional Fourier transforms
080.2710   Inhomogeneous optical media
080.2720   Mathematical methods (general)
080.2730   Matrix methods in paraxial optics
080.2740   Geometric optical design
080.3095   Inhomogeneous elements in optical systems
080.3620   Lens system design
080.3630   Lenses
080.3645   Lie algebraic and group methods
080.3685   Lightpipes
080.3875   Matrix methods in metaxial expansions
080.4035   Mirror system design
080.4225   Nonspherical lens design
080.4228   Nonspherical mirror surfaces
080.4295   Nonimaging optical systems
080.4298   Nonimaging optics
080.4865   Optical vortices
080.5084   Phase space methods of analysis
080.5692   Ray trajectories in inhomogeneous media
080.6755   Systems with special symmetry
080.7343   Wave dressing of rays

090.0090   Holography
090.1000   Aberration compensation
090.1705   Color holography
090.1760   Computer holography
090.1970   Diffractive optics
090.1995   Digital holography
090.2645   Stratified volume holograms
090.2820   Heads-up displays
090.2870   Holographic display
090.2880   Holographic interferometry
090.2890   Holographic optical elements
090.2900   Optical storage materials
090.2910   Holography, microwave
090.4220   Multiplex holography
090.5640   Rainbow holography
090.5694   Real-time holography
090.6186   Spectral holography
090.7330   Volume gratings

100.0100   Image processing
100.0118   Imaging ultrafast phenomena
100.1160   Analog optical image processing
100.1390   Binary phase-only filters
100.1455   Blind deconvolution
100.1830   Deconvolution
100.1930   Dichroism
100.2000   Digital image processing
100.2550   Focal-plane-array image processors
100.2650   Fringe analysis
100.2810   Halftone image reproduction
100.2960   Image analysis
100.2980   Image enhancement
100.3005   Image recognition devices
100.3008   Image recognition, algorithms and filters
100.3010   Image reconstruction techniques
100.3020   Image reconstruction-restoration
100.3175   Interferometric imaging
100.3190   Inverse problems
100.3200   Inverse scattering
100.4145   Motion, hyperspectral image processing
100.4550   Correlators
100.4992   Pattern, nonlinear correlators
100.4993   Pattern recognition, Baysian processors
100.4994   Pattern recognition, image transforms
100.4995   Pattern recognition, metrics
100.4996   Pattern recognition, neural networks
100.4997   Pattern recognition, nonlinear spatial filters
100.4998   Pattern recognition, optical security and encryption
100.4999   Pattern recognition, target tracking
100.5010   Pattern recognition
100.5070   Phase retrieval
100.5088   Phase unwrapping
100.5090   Phase-only filters
100.5760   Rotation-invariant pattern recognition
100.6640   Superresolution
100.6740   Synthetic discrimination functions
100.6890   Three-dimensional image processing
100.6950   Tomographic image processing
100.7410   Wavelets

110.0110   Imaging systems
110.0113   Imaging through turbid media
110.0115   Imaging through turbulent media
110.0180   Microscopy
110.1080   Active or adaptive optics
110.1085   Adaptive imaging
110.1220   Apertures
110.1455   Blind deconvolution
110.1650   Coherence imaging
110.1758   Computational imaging
110.2350   Fiber optics imaging
110.2650   Fringe analysis
110.2760   Gradient-index lenses
110.2945   Illumination design
110.2960   Image analysis
110.2970   Image detection systems
110.2990   Image formation theory
110.3000   Image quality assessment
110.3010   Image reconstruction techniques
110.3055   Information theoretical analysis
110.3080   Infrared imaging
110.3175   Interferometric imaging
110.3200   Inverse scattering
110.3925   Metrics
110.3960   Microlithography
110.4100   Modulation transfer function
110.4153   Motion estimation and optical flow
110.4155   Multiframe image processing
110.4190   Multiple imaging
110.4234   Multispectral and hyperspectral imaging
110.4235   Nanolithography
110.4248   Networked imaging
110.4280   Noise in imaging systems
110.4500   Optical coherence tomography
110.4850   Optical transfer functions
110.4980   Partial coherence in imaging
110.5086   Phase unwrapping
110.5100   Phased-array imaging systems
110.5120   Photoacoustic imaging
110.5125   Photoacoustics
110.5200   Photography
110.5220   Photolithography
110.5405   Polarimetric imaging
110.6150   Speckle imaging
110.6760   Talbot and self-imaging effects
110.6770   Telescopes
110.6795   Terahertz imaging
110.6820   Thermal imaging
110.6880   Three-dimensional image acquisition
110.6895   Three-dimensional lithography
110.6915   Time imaging
110.6955   Tomographic imaging
110.6960   Tomography
110.6980   Transforms
110.7050   Turbid media
110.7170   Ultrasound
110.7348   Wavefront encoding
110.7410   Wavelets
110.7440   X-ray imaging

120.0120   Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
120.0280   Remote sensing and sensors
120.1088   Adaptive interferometry
120.1680   Collimation
120.1740   Combustion diagnostics
120.1840   Densitometers, reflectometers
120.1880   Detection
120.2040   Displays
120.2130   Ellipsometry and polarimetry
120.2230   Fabry-Perot
120.2440   Filters
120.2650   Fringe analysis
120.2820   Heads-up displays
120.2830   Height measurements
120.2880   Holographic interferometry
120.2920   Homodyning
120.3150   Integrating spheres
120.3180   Interferometry
120.3620   Lens system design
120.3688   Lightwave analyzers
120.3890   Medical optics instrumentation
120.3930   Metrological instrumentation
120.3940   Metrology
120.4120   Moire' techniques
120.4140   Monochromators
120.4290   Nondestructive testing
120.4530   Optical constants
120.4570   Optical design of instruments
120.4610   Optical fabrication
120.4630   Optical inspection
120.4640   Optical instruments
120.4800   Optical standards and testing
120.4820   Optical systems
120.4825   Optical time domain reflectometry
120.4880   Optomechanics
120.5050   Phase measurement
120.5060   Phase modulation
120.5240   Photometry
120.5410   Polarimetry
120.5475   Pressure measurement
120.5630   Radiometry
120.5700   Reflection
120.5710   Refraction
120.5790   Sagnac effect
120.5800   Scanners
120.5820   Scattering measurements
120.6085   Space instrumentation
120.6150   Speckle imaging
120.6160   Speckle interferometry
120.6165   Speckle interferometry, metrology
120.6168   Speckle interferometry, stellar
120.6200   Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation
120.6650   Surface measurements, figure
120.6660   Surface measurements, roughness
120.6710   Susceptibility
120.6780   Temperature
120.6810   Thermal effects
120.7000   Transmission
120.7250   Velocimetry
120.7280   Vibration analysis

130.0130   Integrated optics
130.0250   Optoelectronics
130.1750   Components
130.2035   Dispersion compensation devices
130.2260   Ferroelectrics
130.2755   Glass waveguides
130.2790   Guided waves
130.3060   Infrared
130.3120   Integrated optics devices
130.3130   Integrated optics materials
130.3730   Lithium niobate
130.3750   Optical logic devices
130.3990   Micro-optical devices
130.4110   Modulators
130.4310   Nonlinear
130.4815   Optical switching devices
130.5296   Photonic crystal waveguides
130.5440   Polarization-selective devices
130.5460   Polymer waveguides
130.5990   Semiconductors
130.6010   Sensors
130.6622   Subsystem integration and techniques
130.6750   Systems
130.7405   Wavelength conversion devices
130.7408   Wavelength filtering devices

140.0140   Lasers and laser optics
140.1340   Atomic gas lasers
140.1540   Chaos
140.1550   Chemical lasers
140.1700   Color center lasers
140.2010   Diode laser arrays
140.2020   Diode lasers
140.2050   Dye lasers
140.2180   Excimer lasers
140.2600   Free-electron lasers (FELs)
140.3070   Infrared and far-infrared lasers
140.3210   Ion lasers
140.3280   Laser amplifiers
140.3290   Laser arrays
140.3295   Laser beam characterization
140.3298   Laser beam combining
140.3300   Laser beam shaping
140.3320   Laser cooling
140.3325   Laser coupling
140.3330   Laser damage
140.3360   Laser safety and eye protection
140.3370   Laser gyroscopes
140.3380   Laser materials
140.3390   Laser materials processing
140.3410   Laser resonators
140.3425   Laser stabilization
140.3430   Laser theory
140.3440   Laser-induced breakdown
140.3450   Laser-induced chemistry
140.3460   Lasers
140.3470   Lasers, carbon dioxide
140.3480   Lasers, diode-pumped
140.3490   Lasers, distributed-feedback
140.3500   Lasers, erbium
140.3510   Lasers, fiber
140.3515   Lasers, frequency doubled
140.3518   Lasers, frequency modulated
140.3520   Lasers, injection-locked
140.3530   Lasers, neodymium
140.3535   Lasers, phase conjugate
140.3538   Lasers, pulsed
140.3540   Lasers, Q-switched
140.3550   Lasers, Raman
140.3560   Lasers, ring
140.3570   Lasers, single-mode
140.3580   Lasers, solid-state
140.3590   Lasers, titanium
140.3600   Lasers, tunable
140.3610   Lasers, ultraviolet
140.3613   Lasers, upconversion
140.3615   Lasers, ytterbium
140.3945   Microcavities
140.3948   Microcavity devices
140.4050   Mode-locked lasers
140.4130   Molecular gas lasers
140.4480   Optical amplifiers
140.4780   Optical resonators
140.5560   Pumping
140.5680   Rare earth and transition metal solid-state lasers
140.5960   Semiconductor lasers
140.5965   Semiconductor lasers, quantum cascade
140.6630   Superradiance, superfluorescence
140.6810   Thermal effects
140.7010   Laser trapping
140.7090   Ultrafast lasers
140.7215   Undulator radiation
140.7240   UV, EUV, and X-ray lasers
140.7260   Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers
140.7270   Vertical emitting lasers
140.7300   Visible lasers

150.0150   Machine vision
150.0155   Machine vision optics
150.1135   Algorithms
150.1488   Calibration
150.1708   Color inspection
150.1835   Defect understanding
150.2945   Illumination design
150.2950   Illumination
150.3040   Industrial inspection
150.3045   Industrial optical metrology
150.4065   Vision processor architecture
150.4232   Multisensor methods
150.4620   Optical flow
150.5495   Process monitoring and control
150.5670   Range finding
150.5758   Robotic and machine control
150.6044   Smart cameras
150.6910   Three-dimensional sensing

160.0160   Materials
160.1050   Acousto-optical materials
160.1190   Anisotropic optical materials
160.1245   Artificially engineered materials
160.1435   Biomaterials
160.1585   Chiral media
160.1890   Detector materials
160.2100   Electro-optical materials
160.2120   Elements
160.2220   Defect-center materials
160.2260   Ferroelectrics
160.2290   Fiber materials
160.2540   Fluorescent and luminescent materials
160.2710   Inhomogeneous optical media
160.2750   Glass and other amorphous materials
160.2900   Optical storage materials
160.3130   Integrated optics materials
160.3220   Ionic crystals
160.3380   Laser materials
160.3710   Liquid crystals
160.3730   Lithium niobate
160.3820   Magneto-optical materials
160.3900   Metals
160.3918   Metamaterials
160.4236   Nanomaterials
160.4330   Nonlinear optical materials
160.4670   Optical materials
160.4760   Optical properties
160.4890   Organic materials
160.5140   Photoconductive materials
160.5293   Photonic bandgap materials
160.5298   Photonic crystals
160.5320   Photorefractive materials
160.5335   Photosensitive materials
160.5470   Polymers
160.5690   Rare-earth-doped materials
160.6000   Semiconductor materials
160.6030   Silica
160.6060   Solgel
160.6840   Thermo-optical materials
160.6990   Transition-metal-doped materials

170.0170   Medical optics and biotechnology
170.0110   Imaging systems
170.0180   Microscopy
170.1020   Ablation of tissue
170.1065   Acousto-optics
170.1420   Biology
170.1460   Blood gas monitoring
170.1470   Blood or tissue constituent monitoring
170.1530   Cell analysis
170.1580   Chemometrics
170.1610   Clinical applications
170.1630   Coded aperture imaging
170.1650   Coherence imaging
170.1790   Confocal microscopy
170.1850   Dentistry
170.1870   Dermatology
170.2150   Endoscopic imaging
170.2520   Fluorescence microscopy
170.2655   Functional monitoring and imaging
170.2670   Gamma ray imaging
170.2680   Gastrointestinal
170.2945   Illumination design
170.3010   Image reconstruction techniques
170.3340   Laser Doppler velocimetry
170.3650   Lifetime-based sensing
170.3660   Light propagation in tissues
170.3830   Mammography
170.3880   Medical and biological imaging
170.3890   Medical optics instrumentation
170.4090   Modulation techniques
170.4440   ObGyn
170.4460   Ophthalmic optics and devices
170.4470   Ophthalmology
170.4500   Optical coherence tomography
170.4520   Optical confinement and manipulation
170.4580   Optical diagnostics for medicine
170.4730   Optical pathology
170.4940   Otolaryngology
170.5120   Photoacoustic imaging
170.5180   Photodynamic therapy
170.5270   Photon density waves
170.5280   Photon migration
170.5380   Physiology
170.5660   Raman spectroscopy
170.5755   Retina scanning
170.5810   Scanning microscopy
170.6280   Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence
170.6480   Spectroscopy, speckle
170.6510   Spectroscopy, tissue diagnostics
170.6795   Terahertz imaging
170.6900   Three-dimensional microscopy
170.6920   Time-resolved imaging
170.6930   Tissue
170.6935   Tissue characterization
170.6940   Tissue welding
170.6960   Tomography
170.7050   Turbid media
170.7160   Ultrafast technology
170.7170   Ultrasound
170.7180   Ultrasound diagnostics
170.7230   Urology
170.7440   X-ray imaging

180.0180   Microscopy
180.1655   Coherence tomography
180.1790   Confocal microscopy
180.2520   Fluorescence microscopy
180.3170   Interference microscopy
180.4243   Near-field microscopy
180.4315   Nonlinear microscopy
180.5655   Raman microscopy
180.5810   Scanning microscopy
180.6900   Three-dimensional microscopy
180.7460   X-ray microscopy

190.0190   Nonlinear optics
190.1450   Bistability
190.1900   Diagnostic applications of nonlinear optics
190.2055   Dynamic gratings
190.2620   Harmonic generation and mixing
190.2640   Stimulated scattering, modulation, etc.
190.3100   Instabilities and chaos
190.3270   Kerr effect
190.3970   Microparticle nonlinear optics
190.4160   Multiharmonic generation
190.4180   Multiphoton processes
190.4223   Nonlinear wave mixing
190.4350   Nonlinear optics at surfaces
190.4360   Nonlinear optics, devices
190.4370   Nonlinear optics, fibers
190.4380   Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
190.4390   Nonlinear optics, integrated optics
190.4400   Nonlinear optics, materials
190.4410   Nonlinear optics, parametric processes
190.4420   Nonlinear optics, transverse effects in
190.4710   Optical nonlinearities in organic materials
190.4720   Optical nonlinearities of condensed matter
190.4870   Photothermal effects
190.4970   Parametric oscillators and amplifiers
190.4975   Parametric processes
190.5040   Phase conjugation
190.5330   Photorefractive optics
190.5530   Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
190.5650   Raman effect
190.5890   Scattering, stimulated
190.5940   Self-action effects
190.5970   Semiconductor nonlinear optics including MQW
190.6135   Spatial solitons
190.7070   Two-wave mixing
190.7110   Ultrafast nonlinear optics
190.7220   Upconversion

200.0200   Optics in computing
200.1130   Algebraic optical processing
200.2605   Free-space optical communication
200.2610   Free-space digital optics
200.3050   Information processing
200.3760   Logic-based optical processing
200.4260   Neural networks
200.4490   Optical buffers
200.4540   Optical content addressable memory processors
200.4560   Optical data processing
200.4650   Optical interconnects
200.4660   Optical logic
200.4690   Morphological transformations
200.4700   Optical neural systems
200.4740   Optical processing
200.4860   Optical vector-matrix systems
200.4880   Optomechanics
200.4960   Parallel processing
200.6015   Signal regeneration
200.6046   Smart pixel systems
200.6715   Switching

210.0210   Optical data storage
210.1635   Coding for optical storage
210.2860   Holographic and volume memories
210.3810   Magneto-optic systems
210.3820   Magneto-optical materials
210.4245   Near-field optical recording
210.4590   Optical disks
210.4680   Optical memories
210.4770   Optical recording
210.4810   Optical storage-recording materials
210.4965   Parallel readout

220.0220   Optical design and fabrication
220.1000   Aberration compensation
220.1010   Aberrations (global)
220.1080   Active or adaptive optics
220.1140   Alignment
220.1230   Apodization
220.1250   Aspherics
220.1770   Concentrators
220.1920   Diamond machining
220.2560   Propagating methods
220.2740   Geometric optical design
220.2945   Illumination design
220.3620   Lens system design
220.3630   Lenses
220.3740   Lithography
220.4000   Microstructure fabrication
220.4241   Nanostructure fabrication
220.4298   Nonimaging optics
220.4610   Optical fabrication
220.4830   Systems design
220.4840   Testing
220.4880   Optomechanics
220.5450   Polishing

230.0230   Optical devices
230.0040   Detectors
230.0250   Optoelectronics
230.1040   Acousto-optical devices
230.1150   All-optical devices
230.1360   Beam splitters
230.1480   Bragg reflectors
230.1950   Diffraction gratings
230.1980   Diffusers
230.2035   Dispersion compensation devices
230.2090   Electro-optical devices
230.2240   Faraday effect
230.2285   Fiber devices and optical amplifiers
230.3120   Integrated optics devices
230.3205   Invisibility cloaks
230.3240   Isolators
230.3670   Light-emitting diodes
230.3720   Liquid-crystal devices
230.3750   Optical logic devices
230.3810   Magneto-optic systems
230.3990   Micro-optical devices
230.4000   Microstructure fabrication
230.4040   Mirrors
230.4110   Modulators
230.4170   Multilayers
230.4205   Multiple quantum well (MQW) modulators
230.4320   Nonlinear optical devices
230.4480   Optical amplifiers
230.4555   Coupled resonators
230.4685   Optical microelectromechanical devices
230.4910   Oscillators
230.5160   Photodetectors
230.5170   Photodiodes
230.5298   Photonic crystals
230.5440   Polarization-selective devices
230.5480   Prisms
230.5590   Quantum-well, -wire and -dot devices
230.5750   Resonators
230.6046   Smart pixel systems
230.6080   Sources
230.6120   Spatial light modulators
230.7020   Traveling-wave devices
230.7370   Waveguides
230.7380   Waveguides, channeled
230.7390   Waveguides, planar
230.7400   Waveguides, slab
230.7405   Wavelength conversion devices
230.7408   Wavelength filtering devices

240.0240   Optics at surfaces
240.0310   Thin films
240.1485   Buried interfaces
240.2130   Ellipsometry and polarimetry
240.3695   Linear and nonlinear light scattering from surfaces
240.3990   Micro-optical devices
240.4350   Nonlinear optics at surfaces
240.5420   Polaritons
240.5440   Polarization-selective devices
240.5450   Polishing
240.5698   Reflectance anisotropy spectroscopy
240.5770   Roughness
240.6380   Spectroscopy, modulation
240.6490   Spectroscopy, surface
240.6645   Surface differential reflectance
240.6648   Surface dynamics
240.6670   Surface photochemistry
240.6675   Surface photoemission and photoelectron spectroscopy
240.6680   Surface plasmons
240.6690   Surface waves
240.6695   Surface-enhanced Raman scattering
240.6700   Surfaces
240.7040   Tunneling

250.0250   Optoelectronics
250.0040   Detectors
250.1345   Avalanche photodiodes (APDs)
250.1500   Cathodoluminescence
250.2080   Polymer active devices
250.3140   Integrated optoelectronic circuits
250.3680   Light-emitting polymers
250.3750   Optical logic devices
250.4110   Modulators
250.4390   Nonlinear optics, integrated optics
250.4480   Optical amplifiers
250.4745   Optical processing devices
250.5230   Photoluminescence
250.5300   Photonic integrated circuits
250.5403   Plasmonics
250.5460   Polymer waveguides
250.5530   Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
250.5590   Quantum-well, -wire and -dot devices
250.5960   Semiconductor lasers
250.5980   Semiconductor optical amplifiers
250.6715   Switching
250.7260   Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers
250.7270   Vertical emitting lasers
250.7360   Waveguide modulators

260.0260   Physical optics
260.1180   Crystal optics
260.1440   Birefringence
260.1560   Chemiluminescence
260.1960   Diffraction theory
260.2030   Dispersion
260.2065   Effective medium theory
260.2110   Electromagnetic optics
260.2130   Ellipsometry and polarimetry
260.2160   Energy transfer
260.2510   Fluorescence
260.2710   Inhomogeneous optical media
260.3060   Infrared
260.3090   Infrared, far
260.3160   Interference
260.3230   Ionization
260.3800   Luminescence
260.3910   Metal optics
260.5130   Photochemistry
260.5150   Photoconductivity
260.5210   Photoionization
260.5430   Polarization
260.5740   Resonance
260.5950   Self-focusing
260.6042   Singular optics
260.6048   Soft x-rays
260.6580   Stark effect
260.6970   Total internal reflection
260.7120   Ultrafast phenomena
260.7190   Ultraviolet
260.7200   Ultraviolet, extreme
260.7210   Ultraviolet, vacuum
260.7490   Zeeman effect

270.0270   Quantum optics
270.1670   Coherent optical effects
270.2500   Fluctuations, relaxations, and noise
270.3100   Instabilities and chaos
270.3430   Laser theory
270.4180   Multiphoton processes
270.5290   Photon statistics
270.5530   Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
270.5565   Quantum communications
270.5568   Quantum cryptography
270.5570   Quantum detectors
270.5580   Quantum electrodynamics
270.5585   Quantum information and processing
270.6570   Squeezed states
270.6620   Strong-field processes
270.6630   Superradiance, superfluorescence

280.0280   Remote sensing and sensors
280.1100   Aerosol detection
280.1120   Air pollution monitoring
280.1310   Atmospheric scattering
280.1350   Backscattering
280.1355   Bathymetry
280.1415   Biological sensing and sensors
280.1545   Chemical analysis
280.1740   Combustion diagnostics
280.1910   DIAL, differential absorption lidar
280.2470   Flames
280.2490   Flow diagnostics
280.3340   Laser Doppler velocimetry
280.3375   Laser induced ultrasonics
280.3400   Laser range finder
280.3420   Laser sensors
280.3640   Lidar
280.4750   Optical processing of radar images
280.4788   Optical sensing and sensors
280.4991   Passive remote sensing
280.5110   Phased-array radar
280.5395   Plasma diagnostics
280.5475   Pressure measurement
280.5600   Radar
280.5715   Refractivity profiles
280.6730   Synthetic aperture radar
280.6780   Temperature
280.7060   Turbulence
280.7250   Velocimetry

290.0290   Scattering
290.1090   Aerosol and cloud effects
290.1310   Atmospheric scattering
290.1350   Backscattering
290.1483   BSDF, BRDF, and BTDF
290.1990   Diffusion
290.2200   Extinction
290.2558   Forward scattering
290.2648   Stray light
290.2745   Ghost reflections
290.3030   Index measurements
290.3200   Inverse scattering
290.3700   Linewidth
290.3770   Long-wave scattering
290.4020   Mie theory
290.4210   Multiple scattering
290.5820   Scattering measurements
290.5825   Scattering theory
290.5830   Scattering, Brillouin
290.5835   Scattering, Harvey
290.5838   Scattering, in-field
290.5839   Scattering, invisibility
290.5840   Scattering, molecules
290.5845   Scattering, out-of-field
290.5850   Scattering, particles
290.5855   Scattering, polarization
290.5860   Scattering, Raman
290.5870   Scattering, Rayleigh
290.5880   Scattering, rough surfaces
290.5890   Scattering, stimulated
290.5900   Scattering, stimulated Brillouin
290.5910   Scattering, stimulated Raman
290.5930   Scintillation
290.6815   Thermal emission
290.7050   Turbid media

300.0300   Spectroscopy
300.1030   Absorption
300.2140   Emission
300.2530   Fluorescence, laser-induced
300.2570   Four-wave mixing
300.3700   Linewidth
300.6075   Sonoluminescence
300.6170   Spectra
300.6190   Spectrometers
300.6210   Spectroscopy, atomic
300.6220   Spectroscopy, beam foil
300.6230   Spectroscopy, coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering
300.6240   Spectroscopy, coherent transient
300.6250   Spectroscopy, condensed matter
300.6260   Spectroscopy, diode lasers
300.6270   Spectroscopy, far infrared
300.6280   Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence
300.6290   Spectroscopy, four-wave mixing
300.6300   Spectroscopy, Fourier transforms
300.6310   Spectroscopy, heterodyne
300.6320   Spectroscopy, high-resolution
300.6330   Spectroscopy, inelastic scattering including Raman
300.6340   Spectroscopy, infrared
300.6350   Spectroscopy, ionization
300.6360   Spectroscopy, laser
300.6365   Spectroscopy, laser induced breakdown
300.6370   Spectroscopy, microwave
300.6380   Spectroscopy, modulation
300.6390   Spectroscopy, molecular
300.6400   Spectroscopy, molecular beam
300.6410   Spectroscopy, multiphoton
300.6420   Spectroscopy, nonlinear
300.6430   Spectroscopy, photothermal
300.6440   Spectroscopy, optogalvanic
300.6450   Spectroscopy, Raman
300.6460   Spectroscopy, saturation
300.6470   Spectroscopy, semiconductors
300.6480   Spectroscopy, speckle
300.6490   Spectroscopy, surface
300.6495   Spectroscopy, terahertz
300.6500   Spectroscopy, time-resolved
300.6520   Spectroscopy, trapped ion
300.6530   Spectroscopy, ultrafast
300.6540   Spectroscopy, ultraviolet
300.6550   Spectroscopy, visible
300.6560   Spectroscopy, x-ray

310.0310   Thin films
310.1210   Antireflection coatings
310.1515   Protective coatings
310.1620   Interference coatings
310.1860   Deposition and fabrication
310.2785   Guided wave applications
310.2790   Guided waves
310.3840   Materials and process characterization
310.3915   Metallic, opaque, and absorbing coatings
310.4165   Multilayer design
310.4925   Other properties (stress, chemical, etc.)
310.5448   Polarization, other optical properties
310.5696   Refinement and synthesis methods
310.6188   Spectral properties
310.6628   Subwavelength structures, nanostructures
310.6805   Theory and design
310.6845   Thin film devices and applications
310.6860   Thin films, optical properties
310.6870   Thin films, other properties
310.7005   Transparent conductive coatings

320.0320   Ultrafast optics
320.1590   Chirping
320.2250   Femtosecond phenomena
320.3980   Microsecond phenomena
320.4240   Nanosecond phenomena
320.5390   Picosecond phenomena
320.5520   Pulse compression
320.5540   Pulse shaping
320.5550   Pulses
320.6629   Supercontinuum generation
320.7080   Ultrafast devices
320.7085   Ultrafast information processing
320.7090   Ultrafast lasers
320.7100   Ultrafast measurements
320.7110   Ultrafast nonlinear optics
320.7120   Ultrafast phenomena
320.7130   Ultrafast processes in condensed matter, including semiconductors
320.7140   Ultrafast processes in fibers
320.7150   Ultrafast spectroscopy
320.7160   Ultrafast technology

330.0330   Vision, color, and visual optics
330.1070   Vision - acuity
330.1400   Vision - binocular and stereopsis
330.1690   Color
330.1710   Color, measurement
330.1715   Color, rendering and metamerism
330.1720   Color vision
330.1730   Colorimetry
330.1800   Vision - contrast sensitivity
330.1880   Detection
330.2210   Vision - eye movements
330.3350   Vision - laser damage
330.3790   Low vision
330.3795   Low-vision optics
330.4060   Vision modeling
330.4150   Motion detection
330.4270   Vision system neurophysiology
330.4300   Vision system - noninvasive assessment
330.4460   Ophthalmic optics and devices
330.4595   Optical effects on vision
330.4875   Optics of physiological systems
330.5000   Vision - patterns and recognition
330.5020   Perception psychology
330.5310   Vision - photoreceptors
330.5370   Physiological optics
330.5380   Physiology
330.5510   Psychophysics
330.6100   Spatial discrimination
330.6110   Spatial filtering
330.6130   Spatial resolution
330.6180   Spectral discrimination
330.6790   Temporal discrimination
330.7310   Vision
330.7320   Vision adaptation
330.7321   Vision coupled optical systems
330.7322   Visual optics, accommodation
330.7323   Visual optics, aging changes
330.7324   Visual optics, comparative animal models
330.7325   Visual optics, metrology
330.7326   Visual optics, modeling
330.7327   Visual optics, ophthalmic instrumentation
330.7328   Visual optics, ophthalmic appliances
330.7329   Visual optics, pathology
330.7331   Visual optics, receptor optics
330.7333   Visual optics, refractive anomalies
330.7335   Visual optics, refractive surgery
330.7338   Visually coupled optical systems

340.0340   X-ray optics
340.1365   Bending magnet radiation
340.6720   Synchrotron radiation
340.7215   Undulator radiation
340.7430   X-ray coded apertures
340.7440   X-ray imaging
340.7450   X-ray interferometry
340.7460   X-ray microscopy
340.7470   X-ray mirrors
340.7480   X-rays, soft x-rays, extreme ultraviolet (EUV)

350.0350   Other areas of optics
350.1260   Astronomical optics
350.1270   Astronomy and astrophysics
350.1370   Berry's phase
350.1820   Damage
350.2450   Filters, absorption
350.2460   Filters, interference
350.2660   Fusion
350.2770   Gratings
350.3250   Isotope separation
350.3390   Laser materials processing
350.3450   Laser-induced chemistry
350.3618   Left-handed materials
350.3850   Materials processing
350.3950   Micro-optics
350.4010   Microwaves
350.4238   Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
350.4600   Optical engineering
350.4800   Optical standards and testing
350.4855   Optical tweezers or optical manipulation
350.4990   Particles
350.5030   Phase
350.5130   Photochemistry
350.5340   Photothermal effects
350.5400   Plasmas
350.5500   Propagation
350.5610   Radiation
350.5720   Relativity
350.5730   Resolution
350.6050   Solar energy
350.6090   Space optics
350.6670   Surface photochemistry
350.6830   Thermal lensing
350.6980   Transforms
350.7420   Waves
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