In this study, the authors utilized diffuse correlation spectroscopic measurements of the cerebral blood flow waveform in the microvasculature. Features of this pulsatile wave and the mean arterial blood pressure were used to train a regression forest in estimating ICP, which was experimentally manipulated by an external reservoir connected to a cerebral ventricle. These estimates correlated strongly with invasively measured ICP and had high sensitivity and specificity for ICP > 20 mmHg. Further developments of these diffuse optical devices have the potential to offer a reliable noninvasive ICP measurement, which would permit continuous, long-term monitoring, in multiple regions of the brain, and in a wide range of patients. Together, these advantages suggest that diffuse correlation spectroscopy could become the method of choice for monitoring ICP.
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