Abstract

In recent years, halide perovskite nanostructures have had great advances and have opened up a bright future for micro/nanolasers. However, upconversion lasing by two-photon excitation with mode selection and high quality factor in one device is still rarely reported. Herein, two lasing modes are demonstrated in the all-inorganic perovskite CsPb2Br5 microplates with subwavelength thickness and uniform square shape. The net optical gain is quickly established in less than 1 ps and persists more than 30 ps, revealed by ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy. The temperature-dependent low-threshold amplified spontaneous emission confirms the net gain for stimulated emission with a high characteristic temperature of 403 K, far surpassing the all-inorganic CsPbBr3 semiconductor gain media. Remarkably, upconversion lasing based on two kinds of microcavity effects, Fabry–Pérot and whispering-gallery modes, from the microplates at room temperature is successfully achieved with a low threshold operating in multi- or single-mode, respectively. Surprisingly, the quality factor (3551) is among the best values obtained from perovskite micro/nanoplate upconversion lasers without an external cavity. Moreover, the highly stable chromaticity with color drift only less than 0.1 nm also outbalances the all-inorganic CsPbBr3 ones. These superior performances of CsPb2Br5 microplate lasing with a facile solution synthesis procedure will offer a feasible structure to fabricate specific functionalities for high-performance frequency upconversion micro/nanoscale photonic integrated devices.

© 2020 Chinese Laser Press

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2020 (2)

X. Li, W. Liu, Y. Song, H. Long, K. Wang, B. Wang, and P. Lu, “Two-photon-pumped high-quality, single-mode vertical cavity lasing based on perovskite monocrystalline films,” Nano Energy 68, 104334 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. Xu, X. Li, J. Xiong, C. Yuan, S. Semin, T. Rasing, and X. H. Bu, “Halide perovskites for nonlinear optics,” Adv. Mater. 32, 1806736 (2020).
[Crossref]

2019 (7)

R. M. Ma and R. F. Oulton, “Applications of nanolasers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 14, 12–22 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. N. Quan, B. P. Rand, R. H. Friend, S. G. Mhaisalkar, T. W. Lee, and E. H. Sargent, “Perovskites for next-generation optical sources,” Chem. Rev. 119, 7444–7477 (2019).
[Crossref]

C.-H. Lin, A. Verma, C.-Y. Kang, Y.-M. Pai, T.-Y. Chen, J.-J. Yang, C.-W. Sher, Y.-Z. Yang, P.-T. Lee, C.-C. Lin, Y.-C. Wu, S. K. Sharma, T. Wu, S.-R. Chung, and H.-C. Kuo, “Hybrid-type white LEDs based on inorganic halide perovskite QDs: candidates for wide color gamut display backlights,” Photon. Res. 7, 579–585 (2019).
[Crossref]

B. Zhou, M. Jiang, H. Dong, W. Zheng, Y. Huang, J. Han, A. Pan, and L. Zhang, “High-temperature upconverted single-mode lasing in 3D fully inorganic perovskite microcubic cavity,” ACS Photon. 6, 793–801 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, Z. Liu, F. Zeng, M. Pi, T. Shi, Y. Bian, X. Tang, J. Du, W. Liu, and Y. Leng, “High-quality single-mode lasers based on zero-dimensional cesium lead halide perovskites,” Solar RRL 3, 1900127 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Hu, Z. Zhang, J. Du, J. Yang, X. Tang, W. Liu, and Y. Leng, “Two-photon pumped amplified spontaneous emission and lasing from formamidinium lead bromine nanocrystals,” ACS Photon. 6, 3150–3158 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Zhuang, Y. Ouyang, X. Wang, and A. Pan, “Multicolor semiconductor lasers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7, 1900071 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (6)

P. Geiregat, J. Maes, K. Chen, E. Drijvers, J. De Roo, J. M. Hodgkiss, and Z. Hens, “Using bulk-like nanocrystals to probe intrinsic optical gain characteristics of inorganic lead halide perovskites,” ACS Nano 12, 10178–10188 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, J. Yang, J. Du, Z. Hu, T. Shi, Z. Zhang, Y. Liu, X. Tang, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “Robust subwavelength single-mode perovskite nanocuboid laser,” ACS Nano 12, 5923–5931 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, S. Wang, S. Xiao, and Q. Song, “Recent advances in perovskite micro- and nanolasers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1800278 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Li, C. Ren, X. Qiu, X. Lin, R. Chen, C. Yin, and T. He, “Ultrafast optical nonlinearity of blue-emitting perovskite nanocrystals,” Photon. Res. 6, 554–559 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Tong, H. Li, D. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Xu, G. Li, L. Yu, J. Xu, and Y. Jiang, “Dual-phase CsPbBr3-CsPb2Br5 perovskite thin films via vapor deposition for high-performance rigid and flexible photodetectors,” Small 14, 1702523 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, Z. Jin, J. Zhang, D. Bai, H. Bian, K. Wang, J. Sun, Q. Wang, and S. F. Liu, “All-ambient processed binary CsPbBr3-CsPb2Br5 perovskites with synergistic enhancement for high-efficiency Cs-Pb-Br-based solar cells,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 7145–7154 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (13)

Z. Xiao, W. Meng, J. Wang, D. B. Mitzi, and Y. Yan, “Searching for promising new perovskite-based photovoltaic absorbers: the importance of electronic dimensionality,” Mater. Horiz. 4, 206–216 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, K. Wang, Z. Gu, Y. Wang, C. Huang, N. Yi, S. Xiao, and Q. Song, “Solution-phase synthesis of cesium lead halide perovskite microrods for high-quality microlasers and photodetectors,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700023 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Tang, Z. Hu, W. Yuan, W. Hu, H. Shao, D. Han, J. Zheng, J. Hao, Z. Zang, J. Du, Y. Leng, L. Fang, and M. Zhou, “Perovskite CsPb2Br5 microplate laser with enhanced stability and tunable properties,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1600788 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Han, C. Li, Z. Zang, M. Wang, K. Sun, X. Tang, and J. Du, “Tunable luminescent CsPb2Br5 nanoplatelets: applications in light-emitting diodes and photodetectors,” Photon. Res. 5, 473–480 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Li, V. Nalla, H. Zeng, and H. Sun, “Solution-processed low threshold vertical cavity surface emitting lasers from all-inorganic perovskite nanocrystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27, 1605088 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Wei, B. Du, B. Wu, J. Guo, M. J. Li, J. Fu, Z. Zhang, J. Yu, T. Hou, G. Xing, T. C. Sum, and W. Huang, “Two-photon optical properties in individual organic-inorganic perovskite microplates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700809 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Huang, K. Wang, Z. Yang, L. Jiang, R. Liu, R. Su, Z.-K. Zhou, and X. Wang, “Up-conversion perovskite nanolaser with single mode and low threshold,” J. Phys. Chem. C 121, 10071–10077 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. He, P. Liu, H. Zhang, Q. Liao, J. Yao, and H. Fu, “Patterning multicolored microdisk laser arrays of cesium lead halide perovskite,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1604510 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, R. Su, W. Du, X. Liu, L. Zhao, S. T. Ha, and Q. Xiong, “Advances in small perovskite-based lasers,” Small Methods 1, 1700163 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Zhou, S. Yuan, X. Wang, T. Xu, X. Wang, H. Li, W. Zheng, P. Fan, Y. Li, L. Sun, and A. Pan, “Vapor growth and tunable lasing of band gap engineered cesium lead halide perovskite micro/nanorods with triangular cross section,” ACS Nano 11, 1189–1195 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Tang, H. Dong, L. Sun, W. Zheng, Q. Wang, F. Sun, X. Jiang, A. Pan, and L. Zhang, “Single-mode lasers based on cesium lead halide perovskite submicron spheres,” ACS Nano 11, 10681–10688 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Fu, Q. Xu, G. Han, B. Wu, C. H. A. Huan, M. L. Leek, and T. C. Sum, “Hot carrier cooling mechanisms in halide perovskites,” Nat. Commun. 8, 1300 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, H. Zhou, S. Yuan, W. Zheng, Y. Jiang, X. Zhuang, H. Liu, Q. Zhang, X. Zhu, X. Wang, and A. Pan, “Cesium lead halide perovskite triangular nanorods as high-gain medium and effective cavities for multiphoton-pumped lasing,” Nano Res. 10, 3385–3395 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (8)

Z. Gu, K. Wang, W. Sun, J. Li, S. Liu, Q. Song, and S. Xiao, “Two-photon pumped CH3NH3PbBr3 perovskite microwire lasers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 472–479 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Li, X. Zhao, L. Xiao, H. Zeng, and H. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption and low-threshold multiphoton pumped stimulated emission from all-inorganic perovskite nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 16, 448–453 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, R. Su, X. Liu, J. Xing, T. C. Sum, and Q. Xiong, “High-quality whispering-gallery-mode lasing from cesium lead halide perovskite nanoplatelets,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 6238–6245 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. W. Eaton, M. Lai, N. A. Gibson, A. B. Wong, L. Dou, J. Ma, L. W. Wang, S. R. Leone, and P. Yang, “Lasing in robust cesium lead halide perovskite nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113, 1993–1998 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, L. Peng, J. Liu, A. Tang, J. S. Hu, J. Yao, and Y. S. Zhao, “Controlling the cavity structures of two-photon-pumped perovskite microlasers,” Adv. Mater. 28, 4040–4046 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, Q. Chen, C. Zhang, R. Wang, H. Wu, X. Zhang, G. Xing, W. W. Yu, X. Wang, Y. Zhang, and M. Xiao, “Two-photon-pumped perovskite semiconductor nanocrystal lasers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138, 3761–3768 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. R. Sutherland and E. H. Sargent, “Perovskite photonic sources,” Nat. Photonics 10, 295–302 (2016).
[Crossref]

K.-H. Wang, L. Wu, L. Li, H.-B. Yao, H.-S. Qian, and S.-H. Yu, “Large-scale synthesis of highly luminescent perovskite-related CsPb2Br5 nanoplatelets and their fast anion exchange,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 55, 8328–8332 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

H. Zhu, Y. Fu, F. Meng, X. Wu, Z. Gong, Q. Ding, M. V. Gustafsson, M. T. Trinh, S. Jin, and X. Y. Zhu, “Lead halide perovskite nanowire lasers with low lasing thresholds and high quality factors,” Nat. Mater. 14, 636–642 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

M. T. Hill and M. C. Gather, “Advances in small lasers,” Nat. Photonics 8, 908–918 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. De Wolf, J. Holovsky, S. J. Moon, P. Loper, B. Niesen, M. Ledinsky, F. J. Haug, J. H. Yum, and C. Ballif, “Organometallic halide perovskites: sharp optical absorption edge and its relation to photovoltaic performance,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5, 1035–1039 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, V. D. Ta, Y. Gao, T. C. He, R. Chen, E. Mutlugun, H. V. Demir, and H. D. Sun, “Stimulated emission and lasing from CdSe/CdS/ZnS core-multi-shell quantum dots by simultaneous three-photon absorption,” Adv. Mater. 26, 2954–2961 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

X. Liu, Q. Zhang, Q. Xiong, and T. C. Sum, “Tailoring the lasing modes in semiconductor nanowire cavities using intrinsic self-absorption,” Nano Lett. 13, 1080–1085 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

B. Piccione, C. H. Cho, L. K. van Vugt, and R. Agarwal, “All-optical active switching in individual semiconductor nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 640–645 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Li, J. Ge, H. Wu, Q. H. Xu, and S. Q. Yao, “Organelle-specific detection of phosphatase activities with two-photon fluorogenic probes in cells and tissues,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 12157–12167 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2002 (1)

J. C. Johnson, H. J. Choi, K. P. Knutsen, R. D. Schaller, P. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Single gallium nitride nanowire lasers,” Nat. Mater. 1, 106–110 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

A. Ohtomo, K. Tamura, M. Kawasaki, T. Makino, Y. Segawa, Z. K. Tang, G. K. L. Wong, Y. Matsumoto, and H. Koinuma, “Room-temperature stimulated emission of excitons in ZnO/(Mg, Zn)O superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2204–2206 (2000).
[Crossref]

Agarwal, R.

B. Piccione, C. H. Cho, L. K. van Vugt, and R. Agarwal, “All-optical active switching in individual semiconductor nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 640–645 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bai, D.

X. Zhang, Z. Jin, J. Zhang, D. Bai, H. Bian, K. Wang, J. Sun, Q. Wang, and S. F. Liu, “All-ambient processed binary CsPbBr3-CsPb2Br5 perovskites with synergistic enhancement for high-efficiency Cs-Pb-Br-based solar cells,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 7145–7154 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ballif, C.

S. De Wolf, J. Holovsky, S. J. Moon, P. Loper, B. Niesen, M. Ledinsky, F. J. Haug, J. H. Yum, and C. Ballif, “Organometallic halide perovskites: sharp optical absorption edge and its relation to photovoltaic performance,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5, 1035–1039 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bian, H.

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J. Fu, Q. Xu, G. Han, B. Wu, C. H. A. Huan, M. L. Leek, and T. C. Sum, “Hot carrier cooling mechanisms in halide perovskites,” Nat. Commun. 8, 1300 (2017).
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G. Tong, H. Li, D. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Xu, G. Li, L. Yu, J. Xu, and Y. Jiang, “Dual-phase CsPbBr3-CsPb2Br5 perovskite thin films via vapor deposition for high-performance rigid and flexible photodetectors,” Small 14, 1702523 (2018).
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Lee, T. W.

L. N. Quan, B. P. Rand, R. H. Friend, S. G. Mhaisalkar, T. W. Lee, and E. H. Sargent, “Perovskites for next-generation optical sources,” Chem. Rev. 119, 7444–7477 (2019).
[Crossref]

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J. Fu, Q. Xu, G. Han, B. Wu, C. H. A. Huan, M. L. Leek, and T. C. Sum, “Hot carrier cooling mechanisms in halide perovskites,” Nat. Commun. 8, 1300 (2017).
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J. Yang, Z. Liu, F. Zeng, M. Pi, T. Shi, Y. Bian, X. Tang, J. Du, W. Liu, and Y. Leng, “High-quality single-mode lasers based on zero-dimensional cesium lead halide perovskites,” Solar RRL 3, 1900127 (2019).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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S. W. Eaton, M. Lai, N. A. Gibson, A. B. Wong, L. Dou, J. Ma, L. W. Wang, S. R. Leone, and P. Yang, “Lasing in robust cesium lead halide perovskite nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113, 1993–1998 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

Li, D.

G. Tong, H. Li, D. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Xu, G. Li, L. Yu, J. Xu, and Y. Jiang, “Dual-phase CsPbBr3-CsPb2Br5 perovskite thin films via vapor deposition for high-performance rigid and flexible photodetectors,” Small 14, 1702523 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

G. Tong, H. Li, D. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Xu, G. Li, L. Yu, J. Xu, and Y. Jiang, “Dual-phase CsPbBr3-CsPb2Br5 perovskite thin films via vapor deposition for high-performance rigid and flexible photodetectors,” Small 14, 1702523 (2018).
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Li, H.

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[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

B. Zhou, M. Jiang, H. Dong, W. Zheng, Y. Huang, J. Han, A. Pan, and L. Zhang, “High-temperature upconverted single-mode lasing in 3D fully inorganic perovskite microcubic cavity,” ACS Photon. 6, 793–801 (2019).
[Crossref]

B. Tang, H. Dong, L. Sun, W. Zheng, Q. Wang, F. Sun, X. Jiang, A. Pan, and L. Zhang, “Single-mode lasers based on cesium lead halide perovskite submicron spheres,” ACS Nano 11, 10681–10688 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Q. Zhang, R. Su, W. Du, X. Liu, L. Zhao, S. T. Ha, and Q. Xiong, “Advances in small perovskite-based lasers,” Small Methods 1, 1700163 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, H. Zhou, S. Yuan, W. Zheng, Y. Jiang, X. Zhuang, H. Liu, Q. Zhang, X. Zhu, X. Wang, and A. Pan, “Cesium lead halide perovskite triangular nanorods as high-gain medium and effective cavities for multiphoton-pumped lasing,” Nano Res. 10, 3385–3395 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, R. Su, X. Liu, J. Xing, T. C. Sum, and Q. Xiong, “High-quality whispering-gallery-mode lasing from cesium lead halide perovskite nanoplatelets,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 6238–6245 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, Q. Zhang, Q. Xiong, and T. C. Sum, “Tailoring the lasing modes in semiconductor nanowire cavities using intrinsic self-absorption,” Nano Lett. 13, 1080–1085 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, L. Peng, J. Liu, A. Tang, J. S. Hu, J. Yao, and Y. S. Zhao, “Controlling the cavity structures of two-photon-pumped perovskite microlasers,” Adv. Mater. 28, 4040–4046 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, Z. Jin, J. Zhang, D. Bai, H. Bian, K. Wang, J. Sun, Q. Wang, and S. F. Liu, “All-ambient processed binary CsPbBr3-CsPb2Br5 perovskites with synergistic enhancement for high-efficiency Cs-Pb-Br-based solar cells,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 7145–7154 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, Q. Chen, C. Zhang, R. Wang, H. Wu, X. Zhang, G. Xing, W. W. Yu, X. Wang, Y. Zhang, and M. Xiao, “Two-photon-pumped perovskite semiconductor nanocrystal lasers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138, 3761–3768 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Xu, Q. Chen, C. Zhang, R. Wang, H. Wu, X. Zhang, G. Xing, W. W. Yu, X. Wang, Y. Zhang, and M. Xiao, “Two-photon-pumped perovskite semiconductor nanocrystal lasers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138, 3761–3768 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Z. Liu, Z. Hu, Z. Zhang, J. Du, J. Yang, X. Tang, W. Liu, and Y. Leng, “Two-photon pumped amplified spontaneous emission and lasing from formamidinium lead bromine nanocrystals,” ACS Photon. 6, 3150–3158 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, J. Yang, J. Du, Z. Hu, T. Shi, Z. Zhang, Y. Liu, X. Tang, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “Robust subwavelength single-mode perovskite nanocuboid laser,” ACS Nano 12, 5923–5931 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Wei, B. Du, B. Wu, J. Guo, M. J. Li, J. Fu, Z. Zhang, J. Yu, T. Hou, G. Xing, T. C. Sum, and W. Huang, “Two-photon optical properties in individual organic-inorganic perovskite microplates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700809 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L.

Q. Zhang, R. Su, W. Du, X. Liu, L. Zhao, S. T. Ha, and Q. Xiong, “Advances in small perovskite-based lasers,” Small Methods 1, 1700163 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X.

Y. Wang, X. Li, X. Zhao, L. Xiao, H. Zeng, and H. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption and low-threshold multiphoton pumped stimulated emission from all-inorganic perovskite nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 16, 448–453 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y. S.

W. Zhang, L. Peng, J. Liu, A. Tang, J. S. Hu, J. Yao, and Y. S. Zhao, “Controlling the cavity structures of two-photon-pumped perovskite microlasers,” Adv. Mater. 28, 4040–4046 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zheng, J.

X. Tang, Z. Hu, W. Yuan, W. Hu, H. Shao, D. Han, J. Zheng, J. Hao, Z. Zang, J. Du, Y. Leng, L. Fang, and M. Zhou, “Perovskite CsPb2Br5 microplate laser with enhanced stability and tunable properties,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1600788 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zheng, W.

B. Zhou, M. Jiang, H. Dong, W. Zheng, Y. Huang, J. Han, A. Pan, and L. Zhang, “High-temperature upconverted single-mode lasing in 3D fully inorganic perovskite microcubic cavity,” ACS Photon. 6, 793–801 (2019).
[Crossref]

B. Tang, H. Dong, L. Sun, W. Zheng, Q. Wang, F. Sun, X. Jiang, A. Pan, and L. Zhang, “Single-mode lasers based on cesium lead halide perovskite submicron spheres,” ACS Nano 11, 10681–10688 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Zhou, S. Yuan, X. Wang, T. Xu, X. Wang, H. Li, W. Zheng, P. Fan, Y. Li, L. Sun, and A. Pan, “Vapor growth and tunable lasing of band gap engineered cesium lead halide perovskite micro/nanorods with triangular cross section,” ACS Nano 11, 1189–1195 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, H. Zhou, S. Yuan, W. Zheng, Y. Jiang, X. Zhuang, H. Liu, Q. Zhang, X. Zhu, X. Wang, and A. Pan, “Cesium lead halide perovskite triangular nanorods as high-gain medium and effective cavities for multiphoton-pumped lasing,” Nano Res. 10, 3385–3395 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, B.

B. Zhou, M. Jiang, H. Dong, W. Zheng, Y. Huang, J. Han, A. Pan, and L. Zhang, “High-temperature upconverted single-mode lasing in 3D fully inorganic perovskite microcubic cavity,” ACS Photon. 6, 793–801 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhou, H.

H. Zhou, S. Yuan, X. Wang, T. Xu, X. Wang, H. Li, W. Zheng, P. Fan, Y. Li, L. Sun, and A. Pan, “Vapor growth and tunable lasing of band gap engineered cesium lead halide perovskite micro/nanorods with triangular cross section,” ACS Nano 11, 1189–1195 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, H. Zhou, S. Yuan, W. Zheng, Y. Jiang, X. Zhuang, H. Liu, Q. Zhang, X. Zhu, X. Wang, and A. Pan, “Cesium lead halide perovskite triangular nanorods as high-gain medium and effective cavities for multiphoton-pumped lasing,” Nano Res. 10, 3385–3395 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, M.

X. Tang, Z. Hu, W. Yuan, W. Hu, H. Shao, D. Han, J. Zheng, J. Hao, Z. Zang, J. Du, Y. Leng, L. Fang, and M. Zhou, “Perovskite CsPb2Br5 microplate laser with enhanced stability and tunable properties,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1600788 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Z.-K.

C. Huang, K. Wang, Z. Yang, L. Jiang, R. Liu, R. Su, Z.-K. Zhou, and X. Wang, “Up-conversion perovskite nanolaser with single mode and low threshold,” J. Phys. Chem. C 121, 10071–10077 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhu, H.

H. Zhu, Y. Fu, F. Meng, X. Wu, Z. Gong, Q. Ding, M. V. Gustafsson, M. T. Trinh, S. Jin, and X. Y. Zhu, “Lead halide perovskite nanowire lasers with low lasing thresholds and high quality factors,” Nat. Mater. 14, 636–642 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X.

X. Wang, H. Zhou, S. Yuan, W. Zheng, Y. Jiang, X. Zhuang, H. Liu, Q. Zhang, X. Zhu, X. Wang, and A. Pan, “Cesium lead halide perovskite triangular nanorods as high-gain medium and effective cavities for multiphoton-pumped lasing,” Nano Res. 10, 3385–3395 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X. Y.

H. Zhu, Y. Fu, F. Meng, X. Wu, Z. Gong, Q. Ding, M. V. Gustafsson, M. T. Trinh, S. Jin, and X. Y. Zhu, “Lead halide perovskite nanowire lasers with low lasing thresholds and high quality factors,” Nat. Mater. 14, 636–642 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z.

G. Tong, H. Li, D. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Xu, G. Li, L. Yu, J. Xu, and Y. Jiang, “Dual-phase CsPbBr3-CsPb2Br5 perovskite thin films via vapor deposition for high-performance rigid and flexible photodetectors,” Small 14, 1702523 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhuang, X.

X. Zhuang, Y. Ouyang, X. Wang, and A. Pan, “Multicolor semiconductor lasers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7, 1900071 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, H. Zhou, S. Yuan, W. Zheng, Y. Jiang, X. Zhuang, H. Liu, Q. Zhang, X. Zhu, X. Wang, and A. Pan, “Cesium lead halide perovskite triangular nanorods as high-gain medium and effective cavities for multiphoton-pumped lasing,” Nano Res. 10, 3385–3395 (2017).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

X. Zhang, Z. Jin, J. Zhang, D. Bai, H. Bian, K. Wang, J. Sun, Q. Wang, and S. F. Liu, “All-ambient processed binary CsPbBr3-CsPb2Br5 perovskites with synergistic enhancement for high-efficiency Cs-Pb-Br-based solar cells,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 7145–7154 (2018).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (4)

H. Zhou, S. Yuan, X. Wang, T. Xu, X. Wang, H. Li, W. Zheng, P. Fan, Y. Li, L. Sun, and A. Pan, “Vapor growth and tunable lasing of band gap engineered cesium lead halide perovskite micro/nanorods with triangular cross section,” ACS Nano 11, 1189–1195 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, J. Yang, J. Du, Z. Hu, T. Shi, Z. Zhang, Y. Liu, X. Tang, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “Robust subwavelength single-mode perovskite nanocuboid laser,” ACS Nano 12, 5923–5931 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Tang, H. Dong, L. Sun, W. Zheng, Q. Wang, F. Sun, X. Jiang, A. Pan, and L. Zhang, “Single-mode lasers based on cesium lead halide perovskite submicron spheres,” ACS Nano 11, 10681–10688 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Geiregat, J. Maes, K. Chen, E. Drijvers, J. De Roo, J. M. Hodgkiss, and Z. Hens, “Using bulk-like nanocrystals to probe intrinsic optical gain characteristics of inorganic lead halide perovskites,” ACS Nano 12, 10178–10188 (2018).
[Crossref]

ACS Photon. (2)

B. Zhou, M. Jiang, H. Dong, W. Zheng, Y. Huang, J. Han, A. Pan, and L. Zhang, “High-temperature upconverted single-mode lasing in 3D fully inorganic perovskite microcubic cavity,” ACS Photon. 6, 793–801 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Hu, Z. Zhang, J. Du, J. Yang, X. Tang, W. Liu, and Y. Leng, “Two-photon pumped amplified spontaneous emission and lasing from formamidinium lead bromine nanocrystals,” ACS Photon. 6, 3150–3158 (2019).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (2)

Y. Wang, X. Li, V. Nalla, H. Zeng, and H. Sun, “Solution-processed low threshold vertical cavity surface emitting lasers from all-inorganic perovskite nanocrystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27, 1605088 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, R. Su, X. Liu, J. Xing, T. C. Sum, and Q. Xiong, “High-quality whispering-gallery-mode lasing from cesium lead halide perovskite nanoplatelets,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 6238–6245 (2016).
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Adv. Mater. (4)

Y. Wang, V. D. Ta, Y. Gao, T. C. He, R. Chen, E. Mutlugun, H. V. Demir, and H. D. Sun, “Stimulated emission and lasing from CdSe/CdS/ZnS core-multi-shell quantum dots by simultaneous three-photon absorption,” Adv. Mater. 26, 2954–2961 (2014).
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X. He, P. Liu, H. Zhang, Q. Liao, J. Yao, and H. Fu, “Patterning multicolored microdisk laser arrays of cesium lead halide perovskite,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1604510 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, L. Peng, J. Liu, A. Tang, J. S. Hu, J. Yao, and Y. S. Zhao, “Controlling the cavity structures of two-photon-pumped perovskite microlasers,” Adv. Mater. 28, 4040–4046 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Xu, X. Li, J. Xiong, C. Yuan, S. Semin, T. Rasing, and X. H. Bu, “Halide perovskites for nonlinear optics,” Adv. Mater. 32, 1806736 (2020).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (6)

S. Wang, K. Wang, Z. Gu, Y. Wang, C. Huang, N. Yi, S. Xiao, and Q. Song, “Solution-phase synthesis of cesium lead halide perovskite microrods for high-quality microlasers and photodetectors,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700023 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Tang, Z. Hu, W. Yuan, W. Hu, H. Shao, D. Han, J. Zheng, J. Hao, Z. Zang, J. Du, Y. Leng, L. Fang, and M. Zhou, “Perovskite CsPb2Br5 microplate laser with enhanced stability and tunable properties,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1600788 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Gu, K. Wang, W. Sun, J. Li, S. Liu, Q. Song, and S. Xiao, “Two-photon pumped CH3NH3PbBr3 perovskite microwire lasers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 472–479 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Wei, B. Du, B. Wu, J. Guo, M. J. Li, J. Fu, Z. Zhang, J. Yu, T. Hou, G. Xing, T. C. Sum, and W. Huang, “Two-photon optical properties in individual organic-inorganic perovskite microplates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700809 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, S. Wang, S. Xiao, and Q. Song, “Recent advances in perovskite micro- and nanolasers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1800278 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Zhuang, Y. Ouyang, X. Wang, and A. Pan, “Multicolor semiconductor lasers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7, 1900071 (2019).
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Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) (1)

K.-H. Wang, L. Wu, L. Li, H.-B. Yao, H.-S. Qian, and S.-H. Yu, “Large-scale synthesis of highly luminescent perovskite-related CsPb2Br5 nanoplatelets and their fast anion exchange,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 55, 8328–8332 (2016).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Ohtomo, K. Tamura, M. Kawasaki, T. Makino, Y. Segawa, Z. K. Tang, G. K. L. Wong, Y. Matsumoto, and H. Koinuma, “Room-temperature stimulated emission of excitons in ZnO/(Mg, Zn)O superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2204–2206 (2000).
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Chem. Rev. (1)

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Y. Xu, Q. Chen, C. Zhang, R. Wang, H. Wu, X. Zhang, G. Xing, W. W. Yu, X. Wang, Y. Zhang, and M. Xiao, “Two-photon-pumped perovskite semiconductor nanocrystal lasers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138, 3761–3768 (2016).
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C. Huang, K. Wang, Z. Yang, L. Jiang, R. Liu, R. Su, Z.-K. Zhou, and X. Wang, “Up-conversion perovskite nanolaser with single mode and low threshold,” J. Phys. Chem. C 121, 10071–10077 (2017).
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Nano Energy (1)

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Y. Wang, X. Li, X. Zhao, L. Xiao, H. Zeng, and H. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption and low-threshold multiphoton pumped stimulated emission from all-inorganic perovskite nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 16, 448–453 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, Q. Zhang, Q. Xiong, and T. C. Sum, “Tailoring the lasing modes in semiconductor nanowire cavities using intrinsic self-absorption,” Nano Lett. 13, 1080–1085 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nano Res. (1)

X. Wang, H. Zhou, S. Yuan, W. Zheng, Y. Jiang, X. Zhuang, H. Liu, Q. Zhang, X. Zhu, X. Wang, and A. Pan, “Cesium lead halide perovskite triangular nanorods as high-gain medium and effective cavities for multiphoton-pumped lasing,” Nano Res. 10, 3385–3395 (2017).
[Crossref]

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Photon. Res. (3)

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

S. W. Eaton, M. Lai, N. A. Gibson, A. B. Wong, L. Dou, J. Ma, L. W. Wang, S. R. Leone, and P. Yang, “Lasing in robust cesium lead halide perovskite nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113, 1993–1998 (2016).
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Small (1)

G. Tong, H. Li, D. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Xu, G. Li, L. Yu, J. Xu, and Y. Jiang, “Dual-phase CsPbBr3-CsPb2Br5 perovskite thin films via vapor deposition for high-performance rigid and flexible photodetectors,” Small 14, 1702523 (2018).
[Crossref]

Small Methods (1)

Q. Zhang, R. Su, W. Du, X. Liu, L. Zhao, S. T. Ha, and Q. Xiong, “Advances in small perovskite-based lasers,” Small Methods 1, 1700163 (2017).
[Crossref]

Solar RRL (1)

J. Yang, Z. Liu, F. Zeng, M. Pi, T. Shi, Y. Bian, X. Tang, J. Du, W. Liu, and Y. Leng, “High-quality single-mode lasers based on zero-dimensional cesium lead halide perovskites,” Solar RRL 3, 1900127 (2019).
[Crossref]

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Optical characterizations of perovskite CsPb2Br5 microplates. (a) SEM image. The scale bar is 10 μm. (b) Schematic crystal structure. (c) Experimental and standard powder XRD patterns of tetragonal CsPb2Br5. (d) Linear absorption (green) and PL spectrum (red).
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. TA spectra of perovskite CsPb2Br5. (a) 2D pseudo-color TA spectra. (b) TA spectra at different delay times. (c) The kinetics of prominent PB signal. (d) The kinetics of SE. Inset: a magnified view of the spectroscopic signature of SE before 11 ps.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Temperature-dependent ASE actions from CsPb2Br5 microplates. (a) The PL spectra of two-photon pumped ASE at 300 K. Inset: photograph of the CsPb2Br5 microplate excited above ASE threshold by a cylindrical lens. (b) The integrated intensity and FWHM with respect to pump intensity. (c) Normalized PL intensity as a function of excitation intensity at different temperatures. (d) Pump threshold intensity versus temperature. The solid red line is the fit according to Eq. (1).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. F-P mode lasing characterization of a single CsPb2Br5 microplate. (a) Pump-intensity-dependent emission spectra under two-photon excitation. Inset: the bright-field optical image and emission photograph from the single microplate above the lasing threshold, indicating the F-P mode. The scale bar is 5 μm. (b) Output intensity (blue) and FWHM (red) of laser with increasing pump fluence. (c) Fitting of the lasing oscillation mode. The FWHM is 0.15 nm with a quality factor of 3551.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. WGM lasing characterization of a single CsPb2Br5 microplate. (a) Pump-intensity-dependent emission spectra under two-photon excitation. Inset: the bright-field optical image and the emission photograph from the single CsPb2Br5 microplate above the lasing threshold, indicating the WGM lasing. The scale bar is 5 μm. (b) Output intensity (red) and FWHM (blue) of laser with increasing pump fluence. (c) Fitting of the lasing oscillation mode. The FWHM is 0.16 nm with a quality factor of 3374.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Log–log plot of the integrated PL intensity as a function of the pump fluence under two-photon excitation.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Pump-intensity-dependent SE dynamics.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Normalized integrated intensity for microplates under pulsed excitation.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Two-photon pumped intensity-dependent emission spectra from a single CsPb2Br5 microplate in the F-P cavity.
Fig. 10.
Fig. 10. Center lasing position of the CsPb2Br5 F-P mode laser.
Fig. 11.
Fig. 11. Two-photon pumped intensity-dependent emission spectra from a single CsPb2Br5 microplate in the WGM cavity.
Fig. 12.
Fig. 12. Center lasing position of the CsPb2Br5 WGM laser.

Equations (1)

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Pth=Pth,0exp(T/T0),