Abstract

We report the “periodic” soliton explosions induced by intracavity soliton collisions in a dual-wavelength mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser. Owing to the different group velocities of the two wavelengths, the mode-locked solitons centered at different wavelengths would periodically collide with each other. By using the dispersive Fourier transformation technique, it was found that each collision would induce soliton explosions, but none of them would be identical. Therefore, this phenomenon was termed as “periodic” soliton explosions. In addition, the dissipative rogue waves were detected in the dual-wavelength mode-locked state. The experimental results would be fruitful to the communities interested in soliton dynamics and dual-comb lasers.

© 2020 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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  43. Y. C. Tong, L. Y. Chang, and H. K. Tsang, “Fibre dispersion or pulse spectrum measurement using a sampling oscilloscope,” Electron. Lett. 33, 983–985 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  44. K. Goda and B. Jalali, “Dispersive Fourier transformation for fast continuous single-shot measurements,” Nat. Photonics 7, 102–112 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  45. A. F. J. Runge, C. Aguergaray, N. G. R. Broderick, and M. Erkintalo, “Coherence and shot-to-shot spectral fluctuations in noise-like ultrafast fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 38, 4327–4330 (2013).
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    [Crossref]

2019 (3)

H. J. Chen, Y. J. Tan, J. G. Long, W. C. Chen, W. Y. Hong, H. Cui, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Dynamical diversity of pulsating solitons in a fiber laser,” Opt. Express 27, 28507–28522 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. S. Peng, S. Boscolo, Z. H. Zhao, and H. P. Zeng, “Breathing dissipative solitons in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Adv. 5, eaax1110 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Peng and H. Zeng, “Soliton collision induced explosions in a mode-locked fibre laser,” Commun. Phys. 2, 34 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (6)

O. Descalzi and H. R. Brand, “Collisions of non-explosive dissipative solitons can induce explosions,” Chaos 28, 075508 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Suzuki, O. Boyraz, H. Asghari, P. Trinh, H. Kuroda, and B. Jalali, “Spectral periodicity in soliton explosions on a broadband mode-locked Yb fiber laser using time-stretch spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 43, 1862–1865 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, Z. C. Luo, J. Q. Kang, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Mutually ignited soliton explosions in a fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 43, 4132–4135 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. J. Chen, M. Liu, J. Yao, S. Hu, J. B. He, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, and Z. C. Luo, “Buildup dynamics of dissipative soliton in an ultrafast fiber laser with net-normal dispersion,” Opt. Express 26, 2972–2982 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Ryczkowski, M. Närhi, C. Billet, J. M. Merolla, G. Genty, and J. M. Dudley, “Real-time full-field characterization of transient dissipative soliton dynamics in a mode-locked laser,” Nat. Photonics 12, 221–227 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. M. Liu, X. K. Yao, and Y. D. Cui, “Real-time observation of the buildup of soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 023905 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (6)

G. Herink, F. Kurtz, B. Jalali, D. R. Solli, and C. Ropers, “Real-time spectral interferometry probes the internal dynamics of femtosecond soliton molecules,” Science 356, 50–54 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, U. Andral, P. Tchofo-Dinda, and P. Grelu, “Real-time observation of internal motion within ultrafast dissipative optical soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 243901 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, and P. Grelu, “Vector dynamics of incoherent dissipative optical solitons,” Optica 4, 1239–1244 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Wei, B. Li, Y. Yu, C. Zhang, K. K. Tsia, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Unveiling multiscale laser dynamics through time-stretch and time-lens spectroscopies,” Opt. Express 25, 29098–29120 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Wang, X. Xiao, H. Zhao, and C. Yang, “Observation of duration-tunable soliton explosion in passively mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1507008 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. R. Cai, M. Liu, S. Hu, J. Yao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-decorated microfiber photonic device for generation of rogue waves in a fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 0900306 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (7)

2015 (2)

2013 (4)

2012 (4)

Z. C. Luo, W. J. Cao, Z. B. Lin, Z. R. Cai, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Pulse dynamics of dissipative soliton resonance with large duration-tuning range in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4777–4779 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. S. Jun, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, B. Y. Kim, and D. I. Yeom, “Toward higher-order passive harmonic mode-locking of a soliton fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1862–1864 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22  GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161109 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves generated by chaotic pulse bunching in a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

C. Mou, S. Sergeyev, A. Rozhin, and S. Turistyn, “All-fiber polarization locked vector soliton laser using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3831–3833 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, Sh. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. C. V. Latas and M. F. S. Ferreira, “Why can soliton explosions be controlled by higher-order effects?” Opt. Lett. 36, 3085–3087 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Properties of normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 140–148 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

N. Akhmediev and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Strongly asymmetric soliton explosions,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 036613 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

N. Akhmediev and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Exploding solitons and Shil’nikov’s theorem,” Phys. Lett. A 317, 287–292 (2003).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Y. C. Tong, L. Y. Chang, and H. K. Tsang, “Fibre dispersion or pulse spectrum measurement using a sampling oscilloscope,” Electron. Lett. 33, 983–985 (1997).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22  GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Aditya, Sh.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, Sh. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Aguergaray, C.

Akhmediev, N.

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves generated by chaotic pulse bunching in a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 2336–2341 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Akhmediev and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Strongly asymmetric soliton explosions,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 036613 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. Akhmediev and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Exploding solitons and Shil’nikov’s theorem,” Phys. Lett. A 317, 287–292 (2003).
[Crossref]

Akhmediev, N. N.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Andral, U.

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, U. Andral, P. Tchofo-Dinda, and P. Grelu, “Real-time observation of internal motion within ultrafast dissipative optical soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 243901 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ankiewicz, A.

Asghari, H.

Bergman, K.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Billet, C.

P. Ryczkowski, M. Närhi, C. Billet, J. M. Merolla, G. Genty, and J. M. Dudley, “Real-time full-field characterization of transient dissipative soliton dynamics in a mode-locked laser,” Nat. Photonics 12, 221–227 (2018).
[Crossref]

Boscolo, S.

J. S. Peng, S. Boscolo, Z. H. Zhao, and H. P. Zeng, “Breathing dissipative solitons in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Adv. 5, eaax1110 (2019).
[Crossref]

Boyraz, O.

Brand, H. R.

O. Descalzi and H. R. Brand, “Collisions of non-explosive dissipative solitons can induce explosions,” Chaos 28, 075508 (2018).
[Crossref]

O. Descalzi and H. R. Brand, “Transition from modulated to exploding dissipative solitons: hysteresis, dynamics, and analytic aspects,” Phys. Rev. E 82, 026203 (2010).
[Crossref]

Broderick, N. G. R.

Cai, Z. R.

Z. R. Cai, M. Liu, S. Hu, J. Yao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-decorated microfiber photonic device for generation of rogue waves in a fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 0900306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, W. J. Cao, Z. B. Lin, Z. R. Cai, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Pulse dynamics of dissipative soliton resonance with large duration-tuning range in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4777–4779 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cao, W. J.

Chang, L. Y.

Y. C. Tong, L. Y. Chang, and H. K. Tsang, “Fibre dispersion or pulse spectrum measurement using a sampling oscilloscope,” Electron. Lett. 33, 983–985 (1997).
[Crossref]

Chang, W.

Chen, H. J.

Chen, W. C.

Chernov, A.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, Sh. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. Y.

Chong, A.

Coddington, I.

Coen, S.

J. K. Jang, M. Erkintalo, K. Luo, G.-L. Oppo, S. Coen, and S. G. Murdoch, “Controlled merging and annihilation of localised dissipative structures in an AC-driven damped nonlinear Schrödinger system,” New J. Phys. 18, 033034 (2016).
[Crossref]

Collings, B. C.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cui, H.

Cui, Y. D.

X. M. Liu, X. K. Yao, and Y. D. Cui, “Real-time observation of the buildup of soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 023905 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Descalzi, O.

O. Descalzi and H. R. Brand, “Collisions of non-explosive dissipative solitons can induce explosions,” Chaos 28, 075508 (2018).
[Crossref]

O. Descalzi and H. R. Brand, “Transition from modulated to exploding dissipative solitons: hysteresis, dynamics, and analytic aspects,” Phys. Rev. E 82, 026203 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dudley, J. M.

P. Ryczkowski, M. Närhi, C. Billet, J. M. Merolla, G. Genty, and J. M. Dudley, “Real-time full-field characterization of transient dissipative soliton dynamics in a mode-locked laser,” Nat. Photonics 12, 221–227 (2018).
[Crossref]

Erkintalo, M.

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7, 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ferreira, M. F. S.

Fu, S. N.

Z. C. Wu, D. M. Liu, S. N. Fu, L. Li, M. Tang, and L. M. Zhao, “Scalar-vector soliton fiber laser mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Express 24, 18764–18771 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, Sh. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Genty, G.

P. Ryczkowski, M. Närhi, C. Billet, J. M. Merolla, G. Genty, and J. M. Dudley, “Real-time full-field characterization of transient dissipative soliton dynamics in a mode-locked laser,” Nat. Photonics 12, 221–227 (2018).
[Crossref]

Goda, K.

K. Goda and B. Jalali, “Dispersive Fourier transformation for fast continuous single-shot measurements,” Nat. Photonics 7, 102–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Grelu, P.

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, U. Andral, P. Tchofo-Dinda, and P. Grelu, “Real-time observation of internal motion within ultrafast dissipative optical soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 243901 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, and P. Grelu, “Vector dynamics of incoherent dissipative optical solitons,” Optica 4, 1239–1244 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves generated by chaotic pulse bunching in a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 2336–2341 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hartl, I.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7, 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

He, J. B.

Herink, G.

G. Herink, F. Kurtz, B. Jalali, D. R. Solli, and C. Ropers, “Real-time spectral interferometry probes the internal dynamics of femtosecond soliton molecules,” Science 356, 50–54 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Herink, B. Jalali, C. Ropers, and D. Solli, “Resolving the build-up of femtosecond mode-locking with single-shot spectroscopy at 90  MHz frame rate,” Nat. Photonics 10, 321–326 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hong, W. Y.

Hu, G.

Hu, S.

Jalali, B.

M. Suzuki, O. Boyraz, H. Asghari, P. Trinh, H. Kuroda, and B. Jalali, “Spectral periodicity in soliton explosions on a broadband mode-locked Yb fiber laser using time-stretch spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 43, 1862–1865 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Herink, F. Kurtz, B. Jalali, D. R. Solli, and C. Ropers, “Real-time spectral interferometry probes the internal dynamics of femtosecond soliton molecules,” Science 356, 50–54 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Herink, B. Jalali, C. Ropers, and D. Solli, “Resolving the build-up of femtosecond mode-locking with single-shot spectroscopy at 90  MHz frame rate,” Nat. Photonics 10, 321–326 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Goda and B. Jalali, “Dispersive Fourier transformation for fast continuous single-shot measurements,” Nat. Photonics 7, 102–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jang, J. K.

J. K. Jang, M. Erkintalo, K. Luo, G.-L. Oppo, S. Coen, and S. G. Murdoch, “Controlled merging and annihilation of localised dissipative structures in an AC-driven damped nonlinear Schrödinger system,” New J. Phys. 18, 033034 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jun, C. S.

Kang, J. Q.

Kelleher, E. J. R.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, Sh. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kim, B. Y.

Knox, W. H.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Krupa, K.

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, and P. Grelu, “Vector dynamics of incoherent dissipative optical solitons,” Optica 4, 1239–1244 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, U. Andral, P. Tchofo-Dinda, and P. Grelu, “Real-time observation of internal motion within ultrafast dissipative optical soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 243901 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kuroda, H.

Kurtz, F.

G. Herink, F. Kurtz, B. Jalali, D. R. Solli, and C. Ropers, “Real-time spectral interferometry probes the internal dynamics of femtosecond soliton molecules,” Science 356, 50–54 (2017).
[Crossref]

Latas, S. C. V.

Lecaplain, C.

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves generated by chaotic pulse bunching in a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, B.

Li, C.

Li, L.

Lin, Z. B.

Liu, D. M.

Liu, H. H.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, Sh. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

Liu, X. M.

X. M. Liu, X. K. Yao, and Y. D. Cui, “Real-time observation of the buildup of soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 023905 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Liu, Y. C.

Liu, Z. W.

Long, J. G.

Luo, A. P.

Luo, K.

J. K. Jang, M. Erkintalo, K. Luo, G.-L. Oppo, S. Coen, and S. G. Murdoch, “Controlled merging and annihilation of localised dissipative structures in an AC-driven damped nonlinear Schrödinger system,” New J. Phys. 18, 033034 (2016).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z. C.

Merolla, J. M.

P. Ryczkowski, M. Närhi, C. Billet, J. M. Merolla, G. Genty, and J. M. Dudley, “Real-time full-field characterization of transient dissipative soliton dynamics in a mode-locked laser,” Nat. Photonics 12, 221–227 (2018).
[Crossref]

Mou, C.

Mou, C. B.

Murdoch, S. G.

J. K. Jang, M. Erkintalo, K. Luo, G.-L. Oppo, S. Coen, and S. G. Murdoch, “Controlled merging and annihilation of localised dissipative structures in an AC-driven damped nonlinear Schrödinger system,” New J. Phys. 18, 033034 (2016).
[Crossref]

Närhi, M.

P. Ryczkowski, M. Närhi, C. Billet, J. M. Merolla, G. Genty, and J. M. Dudley, “Real-time full-field characterization of transient dissipative soliton dynamics in a mode-locked laser,” Nat. Photonics 12, 221–227 (2018).
[Crossref]

Newbury, N.

Nithyanandan, K.

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, and P. Grelu, “Vector dynamics of incoherent dissipative optical solitons,” Optica 4, 1239–1244 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, U. Andral, P. Tchofo-Dinda, and P. Grelu, “Real-time observation of internal motion within ultrafast dissipative optical soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 243901 (2017).
[Crossref]

Obraztsova, E. D.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, Sh. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Oppo, G.-L.

J. K. Jang, M. Erkintalo, K. Luo, G.-L. Oppo, S. Coen, and S. G. Murdoch, “Controlled merging and annihilation of localised dissipative structures in an AC-driven damped nonlinear Schrödinger system,” New J. Phys. 18, 033034 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ouyang, C.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, Sh. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pan, Y.

Peng, J.

J. Peng and H. Zeng, “Soliton collision induced explosions in a mode-locked fibre laser,” Commun. Phys. 2, 34 (2019).
[Crossref]

Peng, J. S.

J. S. Peng, S. Boscolo, Z. H. Zhao, and H. P. Zeng, “Breathing dissipative solitons in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Adv. 5, eaax1110 (2019).
[Crossref]

Renninger, W. H.

Ropers, C.

G. Herink, F. Kurtz, B. Jalali, D. R. Solli, and C. Ropers, “Real-time spectral interferometry probes the internal dynamics of femtosecond soliton molecules,” Science 356, 50–54 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Herink, B. Jalali, C. Ropers, and D. Solli, “Resolving the build-up of femtosecond mode-locking with single-shot spectroscopy at 90  MHz frame rate,” Nat. Photonics 10, 321–326 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rotermund, F.

Rozhin, A.

Rozhin, A. G.

Runge, A. F. J.

Ryczkowski, P.

P. Ryczkowski, M. Närhi, C. Billet, J. M. Merolla, G. Genty, and J. M. Dudley, “Real-time full-field characterization of transient dissipative soliton dynamics in a mode-locked laser,” Nat. Photonics 12, 221–227 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sergeyev, S.

Sergeyev, S. V.

Shum, P.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, Sh. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sobon, G.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22  GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Solli, D.

G. Herink, B. Jalali, C. Ropers, and D. Solli, “Resolving the build-up of femtosecond mode-locking with single-shot spectroscopy at 90  MHz frame rate,” Nat. Photonics 10, 321–326 (2016).
[Crossref]

Solli, D. R.

G. Herink, F. Kurtz, B. Jalali, D. R. Solli, and C. Ropers, “Real-time spectral interferometry probes the internal dynamics of femtosecond soliton molecules,” Science 356, 50–54 (2017).
[Crossref]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves generated by chaotic pulse bunching in a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 2336–2341 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Akhmediev and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Strongly asymmetric soliton explosions,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 036613 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. Akhmediev and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Exploding solitons and Shil’nikov’s theorem,” Phys. Lett. A 317, 287–292 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sotor, J.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22  GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, M.

Swann, W.

Tan, Y. J.

Tang, D. Y.

Tang, M.

Tchofo-Dinda, P.

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, U. Andral, P. Tchofo-Dinda, and P. Grelu, “Real-time observation of internal motion within ultrafast dissipative optical soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 243901 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tong, Y. C.

Y. C. Tong, L. Y. Chang, and H. K. Tsang, “Fibre dispersion or pulse spectrum measurement using a sampling oscilloscope,” Electron. Lett. 33, 983–985 (1997).
[Crossref]

Trinh, P.

Tsang, H. K.

Y. C. Tong, L. Y. Chang, and H. K. Tsang, “Fibre dispersion or pulse spectrum measurement using a sampling oscilloscope,” Electron. Lett. 33, 983–985 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tsia, K. K.

Turistyn, S.

Turitsyn, S. K.

Wang, H.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, Sh. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

P. Wang, X. Xiao, H. Zhao, and C. Yang, “Observation of duration-tunable soliton explosion in passively mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1507008 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wei, X.

Wise, F. W.

Wong, J. H.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, Sh. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wong, K. K. Y.

Wu, K.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, Sh. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

Wu, Z. C.

Xiao, X.

P. Wang, X. Xiao, H. Zhao, and C. Yang, “Observation of duration-tunable soliton explosion in passively mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1507008 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, W. C.

Yan, Y. R.

Yang, C.

P. Wang, X. Xiao, H. Zhao, and C. Yang, “Observation of duration-tunable soliton explosion in passively mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1507008 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yao, J.

H. J. Chen, M. Liu, J. Yao, S. Hu, J. B. He, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, and Z. C. Luo, “Buildup dynamics of dissipative soliton in an ultrafast fiber laser with net-normal dispersion,” Opt. Express 26, 2972–2982 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. R. Cai, M. Liu, S. Hu, J. Yao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-decorated microfiber photonic device for generation of rogue waves in a fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 0900306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yao, X. K.

X. M. Liu, X. K. Yao, and Y. D. Cui, “Real-time observation of the buildup of soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 023905 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yasui, T.

Yeom, D. I.

Yu, Y.

Zeng, H.

J. Peng and H. Zeng, “Soliton collision induced explosions in a mode-locked fibre laser,” Commun. Phys. 2, 34 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zeng, H. P.

J. S. Peng, S. Boscolo, Z. H. Zhao, and H. P. Zeng, “Breathing dissipative solitons in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Adv. 5, eaax1110 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, S. M.

Zhao, B.

Zhao, H.

P. Wang, X. Xiao, H. Zhao, and C. Yang, “Observation of duration-tunable soliton explosion in passively mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1507008 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, X.

Zhao, Z. H.

J. S. Peng, S. Boscolo, Z. H. Zhao, and H. P. Zeng, “Breathing dissipative solitons in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Adv. 5, eaax1110 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Z.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22  GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chaos (1)

O. Descalzi and H. R. Brand, “Collisions of non-explosive dissipative solitons can induce explosions,” Chaos 28, 075508 (2018).
[Crossref]

Commun. Phys. (1)

J. Peng and H. Zeng, “Soliton collision induced explosions in a mode-locked fibre laser,” Commun. Phys. 2, 34 (2019).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. C. Tong, L. Y. Chang, and H. K. Tsang, “Fibre dispersion or pulse spectrum measurement using a sampling oscilloscope,” Electron. Lett. 33, 983–985 (1997).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Z. R. Cai, M. Liu, S. Hu, J. Yao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-decorated microfiber photonic device for generation of rogue waves in a fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 0900306 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

P. Wang, X. Xiao, H. Zhao, and C. Yang, “Observation of duration-tunable soliton explosion in passively mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 1507008 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Photonics (4)

K. Goda and B. Jalali, “Dispersive Fourier transformation for fast continuous single-shot measurements,” Nat. Photonics 7, 102–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Herink, B. Jalali, C. Ropers, and D. Solli, “Resolving the build-up of femtosecond mode-locking with single-shot spectroscopy at 90  MHz frame rate,” Nat. Photonics 10, 321–326 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7, 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Ryczkowski, M. Närhi, C. Billet, J. M. Merolla, G. Genty, and J. M. Dudley, “Real-time full-field characterization of transient dissipative soliton dynamics in a mode-locked laser,” Nat. Photonics 12, 221–227 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

J. K. Jang, M. Erkintalo, K. Luo, G.-L. Oppo, S. Coen, and S. G. Murdoch, “Controlled merging and annihilation of localised dissipative structures in an AC-driven damped nonlinear Schrödinger system,” New J. Phys. 18, 033034 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, Sh. Aditya, P. Shum, S. N. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and L. M. Zhao, “Dissipative soliton resonance in an all-normal-dispersion erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17, 5580–5584 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, and L. M. Zhao, “Multi-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17, 12692–12697 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. B. Mou, S. V. Sergeyev, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Bound state vector solitons with locked and precessing states of polarization,” Opt. Express 21, 26868–26875 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Wu, D. M. Liu, S. N. Fu, L. Li, M. Tang, and L. M. Zhao, “Scalar-vector soliton fiber laser mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Express 24, 18764–18771 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, G. Hu, B. Zhao, C. Li, Y. Pan, Y. Liu, T. Yasui, and Z. Zheng, “Picometer-resolution dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24, 21833–21845 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Wei, B. Li, Y. Yu, C. Zhang, K. K. Tsia, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Unveiling multiscale laser dynamics through time-stretch and time-lens spectroscopies,” Opt. Express 25, 29098–29120 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. J. Chen, M. Liu, J. Yao, S. Hu, J. B. He, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, and Z. C. Luo, “Buildup dynamics of dissipative soliton in an ultrafast fiber laser with net-normal dispersion,” Opt. Express 26, 2972–2982 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. J. Chen, Y. J. Tan, J. G. Long, W. C. Chen, W. Y. Hong, H. Cui, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Dynamical diversity of pulsating solitons in a fiber laser,” Opt. Express 27, 28507–28522 (2019).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (11)

M. Suzuki, O. Boyraz, H. Asghari, P. Trinh, H. Kuroda, and B. Jalali, “Spectral periodicity in soliton explosions on a broadband mode-locked Yb fiber laser using time-stretch spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 43, 1862–1865 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, Z. C. Luo, J. Q. Kang, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Mutually ignited soliton explosions in a fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 43, 4132–4135 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, and Z. C. Luo, “Dissipative rogue waves induced by soliton explosions in an ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3912–3915 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. W. Liu, S. M. Zhang, and F. W. Wise, “Rogue waves in a normal-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 1366–1369 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, A. P. Luo, Y. R. Yan, S. Hu, Y. C. Liu, H. Cui, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Successive soliton explosions in an ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1181–1184 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. C. V. Latas and M. F. S. Ferreira, “Why can soliton explosions be controlled by higher-order effects?” Opt. Lett. 36, 3085–3087 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Mou, S. Sergeyev, A. Rozhin, and S. Turistyn, “All-fiber polarization locked vector soliton laser using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3831–3833 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. S. Jun, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, B. Y. Kim, and D. I. Yeom, “Toward higher-order passive harmonic mode-locking of a soliton fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1862–1864 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, W. J. Cao, Z. B. Lin, Z. R. Cai, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Pulse dynamics of dissipative soliton resonance with large duration-tuning range in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4777–4779 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. F. J. Runge, C. Aguergaray, N. G. R. Broderick, and M. Erkintalo, “Coherence and shot-to-shot spectral fluctuations in noise-like ultrafast fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 38, 4327–4330 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. C. V. Latas and M. F. S. Ferreira, “Soliton explosion control by higher-order effects,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1771–1773 (2010).
[Crossref]

Optica (3)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

N. Akhmediev and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Exploding solitons and Shil’nikov’s theorem,” Phys. Lett. A 317, 287–292 (2003).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

N. Akhmediev and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Strongly asymmetric soliton explosions,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 036613 (2004).
[Crossref]

O. Descalzi and H. R. Brand, “Transition from modulated to exploding dissipative solitons: hysteresis, dynamics, and analytic aspects,” Phys. Rev. E 82, 026203 (2010).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, U. Andral, P. Tchofo-Dinda, and P. Grelu, “Real-time observation of internal motion within ultrafast dissipative optical soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 243901 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves generated by chaotic pulse bunching in a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

X. M. Liu, X. K. Yao, and Y. D. Cui, “Real-time observation of the buildup of soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 023905 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sci. Adv. (1)

J. S. Peng, S. Boscolo, Z. H. Zhao, and H. P. Zeng, “Breathing dissipative solitons in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Adv. 5, eaax1110 (2019).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

G. Herink, F. Kurtz, B. Jalali, D. R. Solli, and C. Ropers, “Real-time spectral interferometry probes the internal dynamics of femtosecond soliton molecules,” Science 356, 50–54 (2017).
[Crossref]

Supplementary Material (2)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       Temporal dynamics of soliton collision
» Visualization 2       Real-time spectral dynamics of soliton collision

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of the Yb-doped fiber laser in this experiment.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Single-wavelength mode-locking operation. (a) Spectrum; (b) pulse train, inset: autocorrelation trace; (c) RF spectrum; (d) shot-to-shot spectra with 1000 round-trips.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Dual-wavelength mode-locking operation. (a) Spectrum; (b) pulse train; (c) RF spectrum; (d) pulse evolution before the DFT process (see Visualization 1); (e) stretched pulse evolution after the DFT process (see Visualization 2), inset: pulse energy.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Pulses (a) before and (b) after the DFT process of several typical round-trips during the soliton collision process.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Pulse train after the DFT process with a large time range; (b), (c) two other soliton collision processes.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Intensity histogram on log scale of dual-wavelength state. SWH is 0.219    V .