Abstract

Ultra-high-pulse-repetition-rate lasers are essential for a number of applications, including, e.g., optical communication and ablation-cooled material processing. Despite several techniques to generate pulses with gigahertz-range repetition rate, incorporating mainly short-length resonators, more widespread applications are still limited by the lack of a robust, simple, and cost-effective solution. Here, we report for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, fully passive harmonic mode locking in an all-polarization-maintaining (PM) fiber laser. The design guarantees a fixed polarization state and stable operation, where the cavity harmonic number is controlled by the pump power only. Self-starting operation is provided by the antimony telluride (Sb2Te3) thin-film saturable absorber (SA), which facilitates multiple pulse operation. The SA acts by means of low modulation depth, low saturation fluence, and an inverse slope in the saturable absorption curve. The optimum features of the SA and limiting factors for high-repetition-rate pulse generation in this regime of operation are discussed. As a result, 2.2 ps pulses with 3 GHz repetition rate are generated at 1560 nm wavelength. The study reports a new approach towards an optimal SA for multi-gigahertz pulse generation in practical, all-PM fiber lasers.

© 2019 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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2019 (1)

2018 (6)

J. Bogusławski, Y. Wang, H. Xue, X. Yang, D. Mao, X. Gan, Z. Ren, J. Zhao, Q. Dai, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, and Z. Sun, “Graphene actively mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1801539 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Loiko, J. Bogusławski, J. M. Serres, E. Kifle, M. Kowalczyk, X. Mateos, J. Sotor, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. Kaszyca, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Sb2Te3 thin film for the passive Q-switching of a Tm:GDVO4 laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 8, 1723–1732 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, C. Ertek, K. Eken, F. Ö. Ilday, and H. Kalaycoğlu, “High-power Yb-based all-fiber laser delivering 300  fs pulses for high-speed ablation-cooled material removal,” Opt. Lett. 43, 535–538 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “High-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber lasers for material processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 8800312 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Cheng, W. Wang, Y. Zhou, T. Qiao, W. Lin, Y. Guo, S. Xu, and Z. Yang, “High-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 26, 16411–16421 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Ko, J. Lee, J. Koo, and J. H. Lee, “Experimental investigation into generation of bursts of linearly-polarized, dissipative soliton pulses from a figure-eight fiber laser at 1.03  μm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 57, 032701 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (4)

R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, M. Schmidt, K. Kaszyca, M. Chmielewski, L. Ciupiński, and K. Pietrzak, “Synthesis and characterization of antimony telluride for thermoelectric and optoelectronic applications,” Arch. Metal. Mater. 62, 1067–1070 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Elahi, H. Kalaycioğlu, Ö. Akçaalan, Ç. Şenel, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Burst-mode thulium all-fiber laser delivering femtosecond pulses at a 1  GHz intra-burst repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3808–3811 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Semaan, A. Komarov, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Study of a harmonic mode lock stability under external continuous-wave injection,” Opt. Commun. 387, 65–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Pawliszewska, Y. Ge, Z. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Sotor, “Fundamental and harmonic mode-locking at 2.1  μm with black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 25, 16916–16921 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

S. Tao, L. Xu, G. Chen, C. Gu, and H. Song, “Ultra-high repetition rate harmonic mode-locking generated in a dispersion and nonlinearity managed fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34, 2354–2357 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, J. Park, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “Harmonically mode-locked femtosecond fiber laser using non-uniform, WS2-particle deposited side-polished fiber,” J. Opt. 18, 035502 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “3.5-GHz intra-burst repetition rate ultrafast Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 366, 404–409 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşk, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537, 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

2012 (3)

R. Zybala and K. T. Wojciechowski, “Anisotropy analysis of thermoelectric properties of Bi2Te2.9Se0.1 prepared by SPS method,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1449, 393–396 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22  GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161109 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. S. Jun, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, B. Y. Kim, and D.-I. Yeom, “Toward higher-order passive harmonic mode-locking of a soliton fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1862–1864 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2005 (3)

D. Tang, L.-M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 331–339 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

J. Roth, N. Bonadeo, K. Bergman, and W. Knox, “Polarisation-maintaining, harmonically modelocked soliton fibre laser with repetition rate stabilisation using optical pumping of saturable Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 38, 16–17 (2002).
[Crossref]

F. Rana, H. L. Lee, R. J. Ram, M. E. Grein, L. A. Jiang, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Characterization of the noise and correlations in harmonically mode-locked lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2609–2621 (2002).
[Crossref]

O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

T. Schibli, E. Thoen, F. Kärtner, and E. Ippen, “Suppression of Q-switched mode locking and break-up into multiple pulses by inverse saturable absorption,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S41–S49 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, “A 40-GHz 850-fs regeneratively fm mode-locked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613–1615 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

E. Thoen, E. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. Schibli, F. Kärtner, E. Ippen, and L. Kolodziejski, “Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927–3929 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 137–150 (1997).
[Crossref]

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 55, 447–449 (1985).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22  GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear fiber optics,” in Nonlinear Science at the Dawn of the 21st Century (Springer, 2000), pp. 195–211.

Aguiló, M.

Akçaalan, Ö.

P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, C. Ertek, K. Eken, F. Ö. Ilday, and H. Kalaycoğlu, “High-power Yb-based all-fiber laser delivering 300  fs pulses for high-speed ablation-cooled material removal,” Opt. Lett. 43, 535–538 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “High-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber lasers for material processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 8800312 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Elahi, H. Kalaycioğlu, Ö. Akçaalan, Ç. Şenel, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Burst-mode thulium all-fiber laser delivering femtosecond pulses at a 1  GHz intra-burst repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3808–3811 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşk, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537, 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “3.5-GHz intra-burst repetition rate ultrafast Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 366, 404–409 (2016).
[Crossref]

Amrani, F.

Ask, M. D.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşk, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537, 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bergman, K.

J. Roth, N. Bonadeo, K. Bergman, and W. Knox, “Polarisation-maintaining, harmonically modelocked soliton fibre laser with repetition rate stabilisation using optical pumping of saturable Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 38, 16–17 (2002).
[Crossref]

Blondel, M.

O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

Boguslawski, J.

J. Bogusławski, Y. Wang, H. Xue, X. Yang, D. Mao, X. Gan, Z. Ren, J. Zhao, Q. Dai, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, and Z. Sun, “Graphene actively mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1801539 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Loiko, J. Bogusławski, J. M. Serres, E. Kifle, M. Kowalczyk, X. Mateos, J. Sotor, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. Kaszyca, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Sb2Te3 thin film for the passive Q-switching of a Tm:GDVO4 laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 8, 1723–1732 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, M. Schmidt, K. Kaszyca, M. Chmielewski, L. Ciupiński, and K. Pietrzak, “Synthesis and characterization of antimony telluride for thermoelectric and optoelectronic applications,” Arch. Metal. Mater. 62, 1067–1070 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bonadeo, N.

J. Roth, N. Bonadeo, K. Bergman, and W. Knox, “Polarisation-maintaining, harmonically modelocked soliton fibre laser with repetition rate stabilisation using optical pumping of saturable Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 38, 16–17 (2002).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

Çetin, B.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşk, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537, 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

Cheng, H.

Chmielewski, M.

R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, M. Schmidt, K. Kaszyca, M. Chmielewski, L. Ciupiński, and K. Pietrzak, “Synthesis and characterization of antimony telluride for thermoelectric and optoelectronic applications,” Arch. Metal. Mater. 62, 1067–1070 (2017).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. Y.

Chung, S. H.

S. H. Chung and E. Mazur, “Surgical applications of femtosecond lasers,” J. Biophoton. 2, 557–572 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ciupinski, L.

R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, M. Schmidt, K. Kaszyca, M. Chmielewski, L. Ciupiński, and K. Pietrzak, “Synthesis and characterization of antimony telluride for thermoelectric and optoelectronic applications,” Arch. Metal. Mater. 62, 1067–1070 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dai, Q.

J. Bogusławski, Y. Wang, H. Xue, X. Yang, D. Mao, X. Gan, Z. Ren, J. Zhao, Q. Dai, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, and Z. Sun, “Graphene actively mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1801539 (2018).
[Crossref]

Deparis, O.

O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

Díaz, F.

Digonnet, M. J.

Eken, K.

Elahi, P.

P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, C. Ertek, K. Eken, F. Ö. Ilday, and H. Kalaycoğlu, “High-power Yb-based all-fiber laser delivering 300  fs pulses for high-speed ablation-cooled material removal,” Opt. Lett. 43, 535–538 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “High-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber lasers for material processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 8800312 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Elahi, H. Kalaycioğlu, Ö. Akçaalan, Ç. Şenel, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Burst-mode thulium all-fiber laser delivering femtosecond pulses at a 1  GHz intra-burst repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3808–3811 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “3.5-GHz intra-burst repetition rate ultrafast Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 366, 404–409 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşk, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537, 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref]

Emplit, P.

O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ertek, C.

Gan, X.

J. Bogusławski, Y. Wang, H. Xue, X. Yang, D. Mao, X. Gan, Z. Ren, J. Zhao, Q. Dai, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, and Z. Sun, “Graphene actively mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1801539 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, D. Mao, X. Gan, L. Han, C. Ma, T. Xi, Y. Zhang, W. Shang, S. Hua, and J. Zhao, “Harmonic mode locking of bound-state solitons fiber laser based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23, 205–210 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ge, Y.

Golling, M.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

Grange, R.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 331–339 (2004).
[Crossref]

Grein, M. E.

Grelu, P.

Griebner, U.

Gu, C.

Guo, Y.

Haboucha, A.

Haelterman, M.

O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

Haiml, M.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 331–339 (2004).
[Crossref]

Han, L.

Haus, H.

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

Holzwarth, R.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşk, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537, 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hoogland, H.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşk, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537, 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hua, S.

Ilday, F. Ö.

P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, C. Ertek, K. Eken, F. Ö. Ilday, and H. Kalaycoğlu, “High-power Yb-based all-fiber laser delivering 300  fs pulses for high-speed ablation-cooled material removal,” Opt. Lett. 43, 535–538 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “High-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber lasers for material processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 8800312 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Elahi, H. Kalaycioğlu, Ö. Akçaalan, Ç. Şenel, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Burst-mode thulium all-fiber laser delivering femtosecond pulses at a 1  GHz intra-burst repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3808–3811 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşk, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537, 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “3.5-GHz intra-burst repetition rate ultrafast Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 366, 404–409 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

Im, J. H.

Ippen, E.

T. Schibli, E. Thoen, F. Kärtner, and E. Ippen, “Suppression of Q-switched mode locking and break-up into multiple pulses by inverse saturable absorption,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S41–S49 (2000).
[Crossref]

E. Thoen, E. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. Schibli, F. Kärtner, E. Ippen, and L. Kolodziejski, “Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927–3929 (1999).
[Crossref]

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ippen, E. P.

Jhon, Y. M.

J. Lee, J. Park, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “Harmonically mode-locked femtosecond fiber laser using non-uniform, WS2-particle deposited side-polished fiber,” J. Opt. 18, 035502 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “Femtosecond harmonic mode-locking of a fiber laser based on a bulk-structured BiTe3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 23, 6359–6369 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, L. A.

Jones, D.

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Joschko, M.

E. Thoen, E. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. Schibli, F. Kärtner, E. Ippen, and L. Kolodziejski, “Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927–3929 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jun, C. S.

Jung, I.

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 137–150 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kalaycioglu, H.

Kalaycoglu, H.

P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, C. Ertek, K. Eken, F. Ö. Ilday, and H. Kalaycoğlu, “High-power Yb-based all-fiber laser delivering 300  fs pulses for high-speed ablation-cooled material removal,” Opt. Lett. 43, 535–538 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “High-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber lasers for material processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 8800312 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşk, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537, 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “3.5-GHz intra-burst repetition rate ultrafast Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 366, 404–409 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F.

T. Schibli, E. Thoen, F. Kärtner, and E. Ippen, “Suppression of Q-switched mode locking and break-up into multiple pulses by inverse saturable absorption,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S41–S49 (2000).
[Crossref]

E. Thoen, E. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. Schibli, F. Kärtner, E. Ippen, and L. Kolodziejski, “Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927–3929 (1999).
[Crossref]

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 137–150 (1997).
[Crossref]

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P. Loiko, J. Bogusławski, J. M. Serres, E. Kifle, M. Kowalczyk, X. Mateos, J. Sotor, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. Kaszyca, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Sb2Te3 thin film for the passive Q-switching of a Tm:GDVO4 laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 8, 1723–1732 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, M. Schmidt, K. Kaszyca, M. Chmielewski, L. Ciupiński, and K. Pietrzak, “Synthesis and characterization of antimony telluride for thermoelectric and optoelectronic applications,” Arch. Metal. Mater. 62, 1067–1070 (2017).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 331–339 (2004).
[Crossref]

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 137–150 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kerse, C.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşk, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537, 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “3.5-GHz intra-burst repetition rate ultrafast Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 366, 404–409 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kesim, D. K.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşk, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537, 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kifle, E.

Kim, B. Y.

Kiyan, R.

O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

Knox, W.

J. Roth, N. Bonadeo, K. Bergman, and W. Knox, “Polarisation-maintaining, harmonically modelocked soliton fibre laser with repetition rate stabilisation using optical pumping of saturable Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 38, 16–17 (2002).
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Ko, S.

S. Ko, J. Lee, J. Koo, and J. H. Lee, “Experimental investigation into generation of bursts of linearly-polarized, dissipative soliton pulses from a figure-eight fiber laser at 1.03  μm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 57, 032701 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kolodziejski, L.

E. Thoen, E. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. Schibli, F. Kärtner, E. Ippen, and L. Kolodziejski, “Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927–3929 (1999).
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G. Semaan, A. Komarov, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Study of a harmonic mode lock stability under external continuous-wave injection,” Opt. Commun. 387, 65–69 (2017).
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F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, P. Grelu, and F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2120–2122 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

Koo, J.

S. Ko, J. Lee, J. Koo, and J. H. Lee, “Experimental investigation into generation of bursts of linearly-polarized, dissipative soliton pulses from a figure-eight fiber laser at 1.03  μm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 57, 032701 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, J. Park, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “Harmonically mode-locked femtosecond fiber laser using non-uniform, WS2-particle deposited side-polished fiber,” J. Opt. 18, 035502 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “Femtosecond harmonic mode-locking of a fiber laser based on a bulk-structured BiTe3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 23, 6359–6369 (2015).
[Crossref]

Koontz, E.

E. Thoen, E. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. Schibli, F. Kärtner, E. Ippen, and L. Kolodziejski, “Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927–3929 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kowalczyk, M.

Krainer, L.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

Langlois, P.

E. Thoen, E. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. Schibli, F. Kärtner, E. Ippen, and L. Kolodziejski, “Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927–3929 (1999).
[Crossref]

Leblond, H.

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, P. Grelu, and F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2120–2122 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. L.

Lee, J.

S. Ko, J. Lee, J. Koo, and J. H. Lee, “Experimental investigation into generation of bursts of linearly-polarized, dissipative soliton pulses from a figure-eight fiber laser at 1.03  μm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 57, 032701 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, J. Park, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “Harmonically mode-locked femtosecond fiber laser using non-uniform, WS2-particle deposited side-polished fiber,” J. Opt. 18, 035502 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “Femtosecond harmonic mode-locking of a fiber laser based on a bulk-structured BiTe3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 23, 6359–6369 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

S. Ko, J. Lee, J. Koo, and J. H. Lee, “Experimental investigation into generation of bursts of linearly-polarized, dissipative soliton pulses from a figure-eight fiber laser at 1.03  μm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 57, 032701 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, J. Park, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “Harmonically mode-locked femtosecond fiber laser using non-uniform, WS2-particle deposited side-polished fiber,” J. Opt. 18, 035502 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “Femtosecond harmonic mode-locking of a fiber laser based on a bulk-structured BiTe3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 23, 6359–6369 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Li, Z.

Lin, W.

Liu, A.

D. Tang, L.-M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
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Liu, H.

Liu, M.

Liu, Y.

Loiko, P.

Luo, A.-P.

Luo, H.

Luo, Z.-C.

Ma, C.

Mao, D.

J. Bogusławski, Y. Wang, H. Xue, X. Yang, D. Mao, X. Gan, Z. Ren, J. Zhao, Q. Dai, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, and Z. Sun, “Graphene actively mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1801539 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, D. Mao, X. Gan, L. Han, C. Ma, T. Xi, Y. Zhang, W. Shang, S. Hua, and J. Zhao, “Harmonic mode locking of bound-state solitons fiber laser based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23, 205–210 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mars, K.

P. Loiko, J. Bogusławski, J. M. Serres, E. Kifle, M. Kowalczyk, X. Mateos, J. Sotor, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. Kaszyca, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Sb2Te3 thin film for the passive Q-switching of a Tm:GDVO4 laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 8, 1723–1732 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, M. Schmidt, K. Kaszyca, M. Chmielewski, L. Ciupiński, and K. Pietrzak, “Synthesis and characterization of antimony telluride for thermoelectric and optoelectronic applications,” Arch. Metal. Mater. 62, 1067–1070 (2017).
[Crossref]

Martinez, A.

Mateos, X.

Matuschek, N.

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 137–150 (1997).
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S. H. Chung and E. Mazur, “Surgical applications of femtosecond lasers,” J. Biophoton. 2, 557–572 (2009).
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O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

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P. Loiko, J. Bogusławski, J. M. Serres, E. Kifle, M. Kowalczyk, X. Mateos, J. Sotor, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. Kaszyca, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Sb2Te3 thin film for the passive Q-switching of a Tm:GDVO4 laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 8, 1723–1732 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, M. Schmidt, K. Kaszyca, M. Chmielewski, L. Ciupiński, and K. Pietrzak, “Synthesis and characterization of antimony telluride for thermoelectric and optoelectronic applications,” Arch. Metal. Mater. 62, 1067–1070 (2017).
[Crossref]

Morier-Genoud, F.

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 137–150 (1997).
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D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 55, 447–449 (1985).
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M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, “A 40-GHz 850-fs regeneratively fm mode-locked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613–1615 (2000).
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L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

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B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

Öktem, B.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşk, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537, 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ostinelli, O.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

Park, J.

J. Lee, J. Park, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “Harmonically mode-locked femtosecond fiber laser using non-uniform, WS2-particle deposited side-polished fiber,” J. Opt. 18, 035502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Paschotta, R.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pawliszewska, M.

Petrov, V.

Pietrzak, K.

R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, M. Schmidt, K. Kaszyca, M. Chmielewski, L. Ciupiński, and K. Pietrzak, “Synthesis and characterization of antimony telluride for thermoelectric and optoelectronic applications,” Arch. Metal. Mater. 62, 1067–1070 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pottiez, O.

O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

Qi, Y.-L.

Qiao, T.

Ram, R. J.

Rana, F.

Ren, Z.

J. Bogusławski, Y. Wang, H. Xue, X. Yang, D. Mao, X. Gan, Z. Ren, J. Zhao, Q. Dai, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, and Z. Sun, “Graphene actively mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1801539 (2018).
[Crossref]

Rotermund, F.

Roth, J.

J. Roth, N. Bonadeo, K. Bergman, and W. Knox, “Polarisation-maintaining, harmonically modelocked soliton fibre laser with repetition rate stabilisation using optical pumping of saturable Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 38, 16–17 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rudy, C. W.

Salhi, M.

G. Semaan, A. Komarov, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Study of a harmonic mode lock stability under external continuous-wave injection,” Opt. Commun. 387, 65–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, P. Grelu, and F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2120–2122 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sanchez, F.

G. Semaan, A. Komarov, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Study of a harmonic mode lock stability under external continuous-wave injection,” Opt. Commun. 387, 65–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, P. Grelu, and F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2120–2122 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

Scheuer, V.

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 137–150 (1997).
[Crossref]

Schibli, T.

T. Schibli, E. Thoen, F. Kärtner, and E. Ippen, “Suppression of Q-switched mode locking and break-up into multiple pulses by inverse saturable absorption,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S41–S49 (2000).
[Crossref]

E. Thoen, E. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. Schibli, F. Kärtner, E. Ippen, and L. Kolodziejski, “Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927–3929 (1999).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, M.

R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, M. Schmidt, K. Kaszyca, M. Chmielewski, L. Ciupiński, and K. Pietrzak, “Synthesis and characterization of antimony telluride for thermoelectric and optoelectronic applications,” Arch. Metal. Mater. 62, 1067–1070 (2017).
[Crossref]

Semaan, G.

G. Semaan, A. Komarov, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Study of a harmonic mode lock stability under external continuous-wave injection,” Opt. Commun. 387, 65–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Senel, Ç.

Serres, J. M.

Shang, W.

Shi, Z.

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 137–150 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sobon, G.

J. Bogusławski, Y. Wang, H. Xue, X. Yang, D. Mao, X. Gan, Z. Ren, J. Zhao, Q. Dai, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, and Z. Sun, “Graphene actively mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1801539 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, M. Schmidt, K. Kaszyca, M. Chmielewski, L. Ciupiński, and K. Pietrzak, “Synthesis and characterization of antimony telluride for thermoelectric and optoelectronic applications,” Arch. Metal. Mater. 62, 1067–1070 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, “Mode-locking of fiber lasers using novel two-dimensional nanomaterials: graphene and topological insulators,” Photon. Res. 3, A56–A63 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22  GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Song, H.

Sotor, J.

P. Loiko, J. Bogusławski, J. M. Serres, E. Kifle, M. Kowalczyk, X. Mateos, J. Sotor, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. Kaszyca, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Sb2Te3 thin film for the passive Q-switching of a Tm:GDVO4 laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 8, 1723–1732 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Bogusławski, Y. Wang, H. Xue, X. Yang, D. Mao, X. Gan, Z. Ren, J. Zhao, Q. Dai, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, and Z. Sun, “Graphene actively mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1801539 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, M. Schmidt, K. Kaszyca, M. Chmielewski, L. Ciupiński, and K. Pietrzak, “Synthesis and characterization of antimony telluride for thermoelectric and optoelectronic applications,” Arch. Metal. Mater. 62, 1067–1070 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Pawliszewska, Y. Ge, Z. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Sotor, “Fundamental and harmonic mode-locking at 2.1  μm with black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 25, 16916–16921 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22  GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Spühler, G.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 55, 447–449 (1985).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

J. Li, Y. Wang, H. Luo, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, Z. Sun, and L. Zhang, “Kelly sideband suppression and wavelength tuning of a conventional soliton in a Tm-doped hybrid mode-locked fiber laser with an all-fiber lyot filter,” Photon. Res. 7, 103–109 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Bogusławski, Y. Wang, H. Xue, X. Yang, D. Mao, X. Gan, Z. Ren, J. Zhao, Q. Dai, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, and Z. Sun, “Graphene actively mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1801539 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sutter, D.

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 137–150 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tamura, K.

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

D. Tang, L.-M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tao, S.

Thoen, E.

T. Schibli, E. Thoen, F. Kärtner, and E. Ippen, “Suppression of Q-switched mode locking and break-up into multiple pulses by inverse saturable absorption,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S41–S49 (2000).
[Crossref]

E. Thoen, E. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. Schibli, F. Kärtner, E. Ippen, and L. Kolodziejski, “Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927–3929 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tilsch, M.

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 137–150 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tschudi, T.

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 137–150 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ülgüdür, C.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

Urbanek, K. E.

Wang, W.

Wang, Y.

Wen, S.-C.

Wojciechowski, K. T.

R. Zybala and K. T. Wojciechowski, “Anisotropy analysis of thermoelectric properties of Bi2Te2.9Se0.1 prepared by SPS method,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1449, 393–396 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xi, T.

Xu, L.

Xu, S.

Xu, W.-C.

Xue, H.

J. Bogusławski, Y. Wang, H. Xue, X. Yang, D. Mao, X. Gan, Z. Ren, J. Zhao, Q. Dai, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, and Z. Sun, “Graphene actively mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1801539 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yamashita, S.

Yan, Z.

Yang, X.

J. Bogusławski, Y. Wang, H. Xue, X. Yang, D. Mao, X. Gan, Z. Ren, J. Zhao, Q. Dai, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, and Z. Sun, “Graphene actively mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1801539 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Yavas, S.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşk, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537, 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yeom, D.-I.

Yoo, S. H.

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, “A 40-GHz 850-fs regeneratively fm mode-locked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613–1615 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, B.

D. Tang, L.-M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.-J.

Zhao, J.

J. Bogusławski, Y. Wang, H. Xue, X. Yang, D. Mao, X. Gan, Z. Ren, J. Zhao, Q. Dai, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, and Z. Sun, “Graphene actively mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1801539 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, D. Mao, X. Gan, L. Han, C. Ma, T. Xi, Y. Zhang, W. Shang, S. Hua, and J. Zhao, “Harmonic mode locking of bound-state solitons fiber laser based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23, 205–210 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L.-M.

D. Tang, L.-M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X.-W.

Zhou, Y.

Zybala, R.

P. Loiko, J. Bogusławski, J. M. Serres, E. Kifle, M. Kowalczyk, X. Mateos, J. Sotor, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. Kaszyca, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Sb2Te3 thin film for the passive Q-switching of a Tm:GDVO4 laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 8, 1723–1732 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, M. Schmidt, K. Kaszyca, M. Chmielewski, L. Ciupiński, and K. Pietrzak, “Synthesis and characterization of antimony telluride for thermoelectric and optoelectronic applications,” Arch. Metal. Mater. 62, 1067–1070 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Zybala and K. T. Wojciechowski, “Anisotropy analysis of thermoelectric properties of Bi2Te2.9Se0.1 prepared by SPS method,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1449, 393–396 (2012).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

J. Bogusławski, Y. Wang, H. Xue, X. Yang, D. Mao, X. Gan, Z. Ren, J. Zhao, Q. Dai, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, and Z. Sun, “Graphene actively mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1801539 (2018).
[Crossref]

AIP Conf. Proc. (1)

R. Zybala and K. T. Wojciechowski, “Anisotropy analysis of thermoelectric properties of Bi2Te2.9Se0.1 prepared by SPS method,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1449, 393–396 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (5)

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 331–339 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Schibli, E. Thoen, F. Kärtner, and E. Ippen, “Suppression of Q-switched mode locking and break-up into multiple pulses by inverse saturable absorption,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S41–S49 (2000).
[Crossref]

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

I. Jung, F. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, Z. Shi, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, and U. Keller, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors supporting sub-10-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 137–150 (1997).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

E. Thoen, E. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. Schibli, F. Kärtner, E. Ippen, and L. Kolodziejski, “Two-photon absorption in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927–3929 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22  GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Arch. Metal. Mater. (1)

R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, J. Bogusławski, G. Soboń, J. Sotor, M. Schmidt, K. Kaszyca, M. Chmielewski, L. Ciupiński, and K. Pietrzak, “Synthesis and characterization of antimony telluride for thermoelectric and optoelectronic applications,” Arch. Metal. Mater. 62, 1067–1070 (2017).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Roth, N. Bonadeo, K. Bergman, and W. Knox, “Polarisation-maintaining, harmonically modelocked soliton fibre laser with repetition rate stabilisation using optical pumping of saturable Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 38, 16–17 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “High-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber lasers for material processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 8800312 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, “A 40-GHz 850-fs regeneratively fm mode-locked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613–1615 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Biophoton. (1)

S. H. Chung and E. Mazur, “Surgical applications of femtosecond lasers,” J. Biophoton. 2, 557–572 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. (1)

J. Lee, J. Park, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “Harmonically mode-locked femtosecond fiber laser using non-uniform, WS2-particle deposited side-polished fiber,” J. Opt. 18, 035502 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Ko, J. Lee, J. Koo, and J. H. Lee, “Experimental investigation into generation of bursts of linearly-polarized, dissipative soliton pulses from a figure-eight fiber laser at 1.03  μm,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 57, 032701 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşk, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537, 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (3)

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycoğlu, P. Elahi, Ö. Akçaalan, and F. Ö. Ilday, “3.5-GHz intra-burst repetition rate ultrafast Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 366, 404–409 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 55, 447–449 (1985).
[Crossref]

G. Semaan, A. Komarov, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “Study of a harmonic mode lock stability under external continuous-wave injection,” Opt. Commun. 387, 65–69 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

M. Liu, X.-W. Zheng, Y.-L. Qi, H. Liu, A.-P. Luo, Z.-C. Luo, W.-C. Xu, C.-J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber for 2.5  GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22, 22841–22846 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, D. Mao, X. Gan, L. Han, C. Ma, T. Xi, Y. Zhang, W. Shang, S. Hua, and J. Zhao, “Harmonic mode locking of bound-state solitons fiber laser based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23, 205–210 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “Femtosecond harmonic mode-locking of a fiber laser based on a bulk-structured BiTe3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 23, 6359–6369 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Pawliszewska, Y. Ge, Z. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Sotor, “Fundamental and harmonic mode-locking at 2.1  μm with black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 25, 16916–16921 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Cheng, W. Wang, Y. Zhou, T. Qiao, W. Lin, Y. Guo, S. Xu, and Z. Yang, “High-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 26, 16411–16421 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “Multi-gigahertz repetition rate passively modelocked fiber lasers using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 19, 6155–6163 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. S. Jun, J. H. Im, S. H. Yoo, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, D.-I. Yeom, and B. Y. Kim, “Low noise GHz passive harmonic mode-locking of soliton fiber laser using evanescent wave interaction with carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 19, 19775–19780 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Photon. Res. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Tang, L.-M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear fiber optics,” in Nonlinear Science at the Dawn of the 21st Century (Springer, 2000), pp. 195–211.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Characterization of the SA. (a) SEM image of the surface of the Sb2Te3 layer. (b) Nonlinear transmittance of the Sb2Te2 SA fitted with a slow SA model with TPA. Dashed line shows a simulated nonlinear transmittance when the TPA is not included.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Setup of ultra-simple all-PM fiber laser. EDF, erbium-doped fiber; SA, saturable absorber.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Fundamental mode-locking operation. (a) Measured and simulated optical spectrum. (b) Autocorrelation trace of the output pulse with sech2 fit. (c) RF spectrum in 7 GHz range. (d) Simulated pulse duration (τ) and spectral width (Δλ) evolution along the oscillator cavity; starting point is the output coupler.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Laser performance at various harmonic numbers. (a) Output power versus pump power with linear fit. (b) Repetition rate (frep) as a function of pump power with exponential fit. (c) Calculated soliton order (N) as a function of harmonic number; gray area indicates where fundamental soliton condition is fulfilled.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Analysis of the working point of the SA. (a) Selected working points of the SA recorded during increasing the pump power plotted on the SA curve (x axis in linear scale). (b) First derivative of nonlinear transmittance curve with respect to fluence.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Harmonic mode-locking operation of 38th order. (a) Optical spectrum. (b) Autocorrelation trace of the output pulse with sech2 fit. (c) RF spectrum in 7 GHz range. (d) 3.04 GHz beat note of RF spectrum measured in 500 kHz span. (e) Oscilloscope trace of output pulses.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Polarization properties of output beam. Polarization azimuth versus degree of polarization (DOP) with measured period of 60 s.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Summary of the Achieved Laser Parameters Recorded during Continuous Increasing of Pump Powera

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Fp=αns(1eFpFsat)·ΔT·FsatFpFpF2,
Ep=2|β2,avg|τ·γavg,