Abstract

We report the experimental investigation of an all-fiber multi-wavelength passively Q-switched Er/Yb laser with simultaneous gain-switched pulsed operation by using a thulium-doped fiber as a saturable absorber. Laser emission is obtained in three wavelength regions with central peaks at around 1546 nm, 1561 nm, and 1862 nm. Multi-wavelength emission with separation of approximately 1 nm is obtained around the wavelength regions of 1546 nm and 1561 nm. Stable laser pulses are generated in the pump power range from 3.6 W to 7.3 W.

© 2019 Chinese Laser Press

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Passive Q switching of Er-Yb fiber laser with semiconductor saturable absorber

J. Y. Huang, S. C. Huang, H. L. Chang, K. W. Su, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang
Opt. Express 16(5) 3002-3007 (2008)

All-fiber laser with simultaneous Tm3+ passive Q-switched and Ho3+ gain-switched operation

Baldemar Ibarra-Escamilla, Manuel Durán-Sánchez, Ricardo I. Álvarez-Tamayo, Berenice Posada-Ramírez, Patricia Prieto-Cortés, Jared Alaniz-Baylón, Héctor Santiago-Hernández, Miguel Bello-Jiménez, and Evgeny A. Kuzin
Opt. Lett. 43(14) 3377-3380 (2018)

Compact diode-pumped passively Q-switched tunable Er–Yb double-clad fiber laser

M. Laroche, A. M. Chardon, J. Nilsson, D. P. Shepherd, W. A. Clarkson, S. Girard, and R. Moncorgé
Opt. Lett. 27(22) 1980-1982 (2002)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, “Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2  μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567–572 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, “Diode pumped fiber lasers: a new clinical tool?” Lasers Surg. Med. 30, 184–190 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  3. R. Szlauer, R. Götschl, A. Razmaria, L. Paras, and N. T. Schmeller, “Endoscopic vaporesection of the prostate using the continuous-wave 2  μm thulium laser: outcome and demonstration of the surgical technique,” Eur. Urol. 55, 368–375 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  4. Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, N. Simakov, Y. Jung, J. M. O. Daniel, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Diode-pumped wideband thulium-doped fiber amplifiers for optical communications in the 1800–2050  nm window,” Opt. Express 21, 26450–26455 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  5. I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2  μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095–2099 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  6. Q. Wang, J. Geng, and S. Jiang, “2-μm fiber laser sources for sensing,” Opt. Eng. 53, 061609 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. J. De Young and N. P. Barnes, “Profiling atmospheric water vapor using a fiber laser lidar system,” Appl. Opt. 49, 562–567 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. Baudelet, C. C. C. Willis, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of copper with a 2  μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18, 7905–7910 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  9. D. Creeden, P. A. Ketteridge, P. A. Budni, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, K. Zawilski, P. G. Shunemann, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and M. Jiang, “Mid-infrared ZnGeP2 parametric oscillator directly pumped by a pulsed 2  μm Tm-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 315–317 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  10. W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. Liu, “Gain-switched and mode-locked Tm/Ho-codoped 2  μm fiber laser for mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 045106 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. F. El-Sherif and T. A. King, “High-energy, high-brightness Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser using an electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 218, 337–344 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  12. Y. Chen, C. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Du, P. Tang, G. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0900508 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  13. R. I. Woodward, R. C. T. Howe, T. H. Runcorn, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, E. J. R. Kelleher, and T. Hasan, “Wideband saturable absorption in few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) for Q-switching Yb-, Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 23, 20051–20061 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30361 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  15. Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An all-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser by an antimonene-based optical modulator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800313 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  16. Z. Wang, H. Mu, J. Yuan, C. Zhao, Q. Bao, and H. Zhang, “Graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure as broasband saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation in Er-doped and Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 8800105 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  17. B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  18. R. Xiaohui, Z. Jie, Q. Xiang, Y. Liu, Z. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Ge, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, S. Wang, J. Zhong, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer black phosphorus nanosheets as electrocatalysts for highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1700396 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  19. M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, “High-pulse-energy actively Q-switched Tm3+-doped silica 2  μm fiber laser pumped at 792  nm,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2780–2782 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  20. M. Tao, J. Zhao, Y. Yan, Z. Wang, P. Yang, G. Feng, and X. Ye, “Experimental investigation of gain-switched Tm-Ho Co-doped single clad fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. 23, 105101 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  21. J. Swidersky, M. Maciejewska, J. Kwiatkowski, and M. Mamajek, “An all-fiber, resonantly pumped, gain-switched, 2  μm Tm-doped silica fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 015107 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  22. P. Grzes and J. Swiderski, “Gain-switched 2-μm fiber laser system providing kilowatt peak-power mode-locked resembling pulses and its application to supercontinuum generation in fluoride fibers,” IEEE Photon. J. 10, 1500408 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  23. M. Jiang and P. Tayebati, “Stable 10  ns, kilowatt peak-power pulse generation from a gain-switched Tm-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1797–1799 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  24. Y. Tang, F. Li, and J. Xu, “High peak-power gain-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 893–895 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  25. N. Simakov, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, and J. Haub, “Efficient, polarised, gain-switched operation of a Tm-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Express 19, 14949–14954 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  26. J. Yang, Y. Tang, and J. Xu, “Development and applications of gain-switched fiber lasers,” Photon. Res. 1, 52–57 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  27. B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, P. Prieto-Cortes, J. Alaniz-Baylón, H. Santiago-Hernandez, M. Bello-Jiménez, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber laser with simultaneous Tm3+ passive Q-switched and Ho3+ gain-switched operation,” Opt. Lett. 43, 3377–3380 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  28. B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, J. Alaniz-Baylón, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber multi-wavelength passive Q-switched Er/Yb fiber laser based on a Tm-doped fiber saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 27, 035103 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  29. S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “Theorical modeling of Tm-doped silica fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 948–956 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  30. P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  31. P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karasek, and B. Dussardier, “Theoretical modeling of S-band thulium-doped silica fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 201–212 (2004).
    [Crossref]

2019 (1)

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An all-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser by an antimonene-based optical modulator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (2)

P. Grzes and J. Swiderski, “Gain-switched 2-μm fiber laser system providing kilowatt peak-power mode-locked resembling pulses and its application to supercontinuum generation in fluoride fibers,” IEEE Photon. J. 10, 1500408 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, P. Prieto-Cortes, J. Alaniz-Baylón, H. Santiago-Hernandez, M. Bello-Jiménez, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber laser with simultaneous Tm3+ passive Q-switched and Ho3+ gain-switched operation,” Opt. Lett. 43, 3377–3380 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, J. Alaniz-Baylón, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber multi-wavelength passive Q-switched Er/Yb fiber laser based on a Tm-doped fiber saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 27, 035103 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Xiaohui, Z. Jie, Q. Xiang, Y. Liu, Z. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Ge, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, S. Wang, J. Zhong, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer black phosphorus nanosheets as electrocatalysts for highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1700396 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, H. Mu, J. Yuan, C. Zhao, Q. Bao, and H. Zhang, “Graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure as broasband saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation in Er-doped and Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 8800105 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (3)

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Du, P. Tang, G. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, J. Geng, and S. Jiang, “2-μm fiber laser sources for sensing,” Opt. Eng. 53, 061609 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, N. Simakov, Y. Jung, J. M. O. Daniel, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Diode-pumped wideband thulium-doped fiber amplifiers for optical communications in the 1800–2050  nm window,” Opt. Express 21, 26450–26455 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. Liu, “Gain-switched and mode-locked Tm/Ho-codoped 2  μm fiber laser for mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 045106 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Tao, J. Zhao, Y. Yan, Z. Wang, P. Yang, G. Feng, and X. Ye, “Experimental investigation of gain-switched Tm-Ho Co-doped single clad fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. 23, 105101 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Swidersky, M. Maciejewska, J. Kwiatkowski, and M. Mamajek, “An all-fiber, resonantly pumped, gain-switched, 2  μm Tm-doped silica fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 015107 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, Y. Tang, and J. Xu, “Development and applications of gain-switched fiber lasers,” Photon. Res. 1, 52–57 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2  μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

Y. Tang, F. Li, and J. Xu, “High peak-power gain-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 893–895 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Simakov, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, and J. Haub, “Efficient, polarised, gain-switched operation of a Tm-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Express 19, 14949–14954 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

R. Szlauer, R. Götschl, A. Razmaria, L. Paras, and N. T. Schmeller, “Endoscopic vaporesection of the prostate using the continuous-wave 2  μm thulium laser: outcome and demonstration of the surgical technique,” Eur. Urol. 55, 368–375 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

2004 (1)

P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karasek, and B. Dussardier, “Theoretical modeling of S-band thulium-doped silica fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 201–212 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

A. F. El-Sherif and T. A. King, “High-energy, high-brightness Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser using an electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 218, 337–344 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, “Diode pumped fiber lasers: a new clinical tool?” Lasers Surg. Med. 30, 184–190 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

Alam, S. U.

Alaniz-Baylón, J.

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, P. Prieto-Cortes, J. Alaniz-Baylón, H. Santiago-Hernandez, M. Bello-Jiménez, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber laser with simultaneous Tm3+ passive Q-switched and Ho3+ gain-switched operation,” Opt. Lett. 43, 3377–3380 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, J. Alaniz-Baylón, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber multi-wavelength passive Q-switched Er/Yb fiber laser based on a Tm-doped fiber saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 27, 035103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Álvarez-Tamayo, R. I.

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, P. Prieto-Cortes, J. Alaniz-Baylón, H. Santiago-Hernandez, M. Bello-Jiménez, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber laser with simultaneous Tm3+ passive Q-switched and Ho3+ gain-switched operation,” Opt. Lett. 43, 3377–3380 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, J. Alaniz-Baylón, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber multi-wavelength passive Q-switched Er/Yb fiber laser based on a Tm-doped fiber saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 27, 035103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Z. Wang, H. Mu, J. Yuan, C. Zhao, Q. Bao, and H. Zhang, “Graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure as broasband saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation in Er-doped and Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 8800105 (2017).
[Crossref]

Barnes, N. P.

Baudelet, M.

Bello-Jiménez, M.

Bennetts, S.

Blanc, W.

P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karasek, and B. Dussardier, “Theoretical modeling of S-band thulium-doped silica fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 201–212 (2004).
[Crossref]

Budni, P. A.

Carter, A. L. G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Y. Chen, C. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Du, P. Tang, G. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, C. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Du, P. Tang, G. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chicklis, E. P.

Creeden, D.

Daniel, J. M. O.

De Young, R. J.

Dhanabalan, S. C.

R. Xiaohui, Z. Jie, Q. Xiang, Y. Liu, Z. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Ge, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, S. Wang, J. Zhong, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer black phosphorus nanosheets as electrocatalysts for highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1700396 (2017).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

Y. Chen, C. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Du, P. Tang, G. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

Durán-Sánchez, M.

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, P. Prieto-Cortes, J. Alaniz-Baylón, H. Santiago-Hernandez, M. Bello-Jiménez, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber laser with simultaneous Tm3+ passive Q-switched and Ho3+ gain-switched operation,” Opt. Lett. 43, 3377–3380 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, J. Alaniz-Baylón, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber multi-wavelength passive Q-switched Er/Yb fiber laser based on a Tm-doped fiber saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 27, 035103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dussardier, B.

P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karasek, and B. Dussardier, “Theoretical modeling of S-band thulium-doped silica fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 201–212 (2004).
[Crossref]

Eichhorn, M.

El-Sherif, A. F.

A. F. El-Sherif and T. A. King, “High-energy, high-brightness Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser using an electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 218, 337–344 (2003).
[Crossref]

Faure, B.

P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karasek, and B. Dussardier, “Theoretical modeling of S-band thulium-doped silica fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 201–212 (2004).
[Crossref]

Feng, G.

M. Tao, J. Zhao, Y. Yan, Z. Wang, P. Yang, G. Feng, and X. Ye, “Experimental investigation of gain-switched Tm-Ho Co-doped single clad fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. 23, 105101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Frith, G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ge, Y.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An all-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser by an antimonene-based optical modulator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Xiaohui, Z. Jie, Q. Xiang, Y. Liu, Z. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Ge, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, S. Wang, J. Zhong, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer black phosphorus nanosheets as electrocatalysts for highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1700396 (2017).
[Crossref]

Geng, J.

Q. Wang, J. Geng, and S. Jiang, “2-μm fiber laser sources for sensing,” Opt. Eng. 53, 061609 (2014).
[Crossref]

Götschl, R.

R. Szlauer, R. Götschl, A. Razmaria, L. Paras, and N. T. Schmeller, “Endoscopic vaporesection of the prostate using the continuous-wave 2  μm thulium laser: outcome and demonstration of the surgical technique,” Eur. Urol. 55, 368–375 (2009).
[Crossref]

Grzes, P.

P. Grzes and J. Swiderski, “Gain-switched 2-μm fiber laser system providing kilowatt peak-power mode-locked resembling pulses and its application to supercontinuum generation in fluoride fibers,” IEEE Photon. J. 10, 1500408 (2018).
[Crossref]

Guo, J.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An all-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser by an antimonene-based optical modulator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z.

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hasan, T.

Haub, J.

Heidt, A. M.

Hemming, A.

Hou, J.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. Liu, “Gain-switched and mode-locked Tm/Ho-codoped 2  μm fiber laser for mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 045106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Howe, R. C. T.

Hu, G.

Huang, W.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An all-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser by an antimonene-based optical modulator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

Huang, Z.

R. Xiaohui, Z. Jie, Q. Xiang, Y. Liu, Z. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Ge, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, S. Wang, J. Zhong, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer black phosphorus nanosheets as electrocatalysts for highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1700396 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ibarra-Escamilla, B.

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, P. Prieto-Cortes, J. Alaniz-Baylón, H. Santiago-Hernandez, M. Bello-Jiménez, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber laser with simultaneous Tm3+ passive Q-switched and Ho3+ gain-switched operation,” Opt. Lett. 43, 3377–3380 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, J. Alaniz-Baylón, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber multi-wavelength passive Q-switched Er/Yb fiber laser based on a Tm-doped fiber saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 27, 035103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jackson, S. D.

M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, “High-pulse-energy actively Q-switched Tm3+-doped silica 2  μm fiber laser pumped at 792  nm,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2780–2782 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, “Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2  μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567–572 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, “Diode pumped fiber lasers: a new clinical tool?” Lasers Surg. Med. 30, 184–190 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “Theorical modeling of Tm-doped silica fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 948–956 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jiang, G.

Y. Chen, C. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Du, P. Tang, G. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M.

Jiang, S.

Q. Wang, J. Geng, and S. Jiang, “2-μm fiber laser sources for sensing,” Opt. Eng. 53, 061609 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jie, Z.

R. Xiaohui, Z. Jie, Q. Xiang, Y. Liu, Z. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Ge, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, S. Wang, J. Zhong, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer black phosphorus nanosheets as electrocatalysts for highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1700396 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jung, Y.

Kadwani, P.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2  μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Karasek, M.

P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karasek, and B. Dussardier, “Theoretical modeling of S-band thulium-doped silica fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 201–212 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kelleher, E. J. R.

Ketteridge, P. A.

King, T. A.

A. F. El-Sherif and T. A. King, “High-energy, high-brightness Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser using an electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 218, 337–344 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “Theorical modeling of Tm-doped silica fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 948–956 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kuzin, E. A.

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, P. Prieto-Cortes, J. Alaniz-Baylón, H. Santiago-Hernandez, M. Bello-Jiménez, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber laser with simultaneous Tm3+ passive Q-switched and Ho3+ gain-switched operation,” Opt. Lett. 43, 3377–3380 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, J. Alaniz-Baylón, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber multi-wavelength passive Q-switched Er/Yb fiber laser based on a Tm-doped fiber saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 27, 035103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kwiatkowski, J.

J. Swidersky, M. Maciejewska, J. Kwiatkowski, and M. Mamajek, “An all-fiber, resonantly pumped, gain-switched, 2  μm Tm-doped silica fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 015107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lancaster, D. G.

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, “Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2  μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567–572 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lauto, A.

S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, “Diode pumped fiber lasers: a new clinical tool?” Lasers Surg. Med. 30, 184–190 (2002).
[Crossref]

Li, F.

Y. Tang, F. Li, and J. Xu, “High peak-power gain-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 893–895 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An all-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser by an antimonene-based optical modulator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

R. Xiaohui, Z. Jie, Q. Xiang, Y. Liu, Z. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Ge, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, S. Wang, J. Zhong, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer black phosphorus nanosheets as electrocatalysts for highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1700396 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, N. Simakov, Y. Jung, J. M. O. Daniel, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Diode-pumped wideband thulium-doped fiber amplifiers for optical communications in the 1800–2050  nm window,” Opt. Express 21, 26450–26455 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An all-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser by an antimonene-based optical modulator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

R. Xiaohui, Z. Jie, Q. Xiang, Y. Liu, Z. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Ge, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, S. Wang, J. Zhong, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer black phosphorus nanosheets as electrocatalysts for highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1700396 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. Liu, “Gain-switched and mode-locked Tm/Ho-codoped 2  μm fiber laser for mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 045106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lu, R.

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

Luo, H.

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

Maciejewska, M.

J. Swidersky, M. Maciejewska, J. Kwiatkowski, and M. Mamajek, “An all-fiber, resonantly pumped, gain-switched, 2  μm Tm-doped silica fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 015107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mamajek, M.

J. Swidersky, M. Maciejewska, J. Kwiatkowski, and M. Mamajek, “An all-fiber, resonantly pumped, gain-switched, 2  μm Tm-doped silica fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 015107 (2013).
[Crossref]

McCarthy, J. C.

Mingareev, I.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2  μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Moulton, P. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mu, H.

Z. Wang, H. Mu, J. Yuan, C. Zhao, Q. Bao, and H. Zhang, “Graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure as broasband saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation in Er-doped and Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 8800105 (2017).
[Crossref]

Olowinsky, A.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2  μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Paras, L.

R. Szlauer, R. Götschl, A. Razmaria, L. Paras, and N. T. Schmeller, “Endoscopic vaporesection of the prostate using the continuous-wave 2  μm thulium laser: outcome and demonstration of the surgical technique,” Eur. Urol. 55, 368–375 (2009).
[Crossref]

Peterka, P.

P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karasek, and B. Dussardier, “Theoretical modeling of S-band thulium-doped silica fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 201–212 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pollak, T. M.

Ponraj, J. S.

R. Xiaohui, Z. Jie, Q. Xiang, Y. Liu, Z. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Ge, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, S. Wang, J. Zhong, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer black phosphorus nanosheets as electrocatalysts for highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1700396 (2017).
[Crossref]

Posada-Ramírez, B.

B. Ibarra-Escamilla, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, P. Prieto-Cortes, J. Alaniz-Baylón, H. Santiago-Hernandez, M. Bello-Jiménez, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber laser with simultaneous Tm3+ passive Q-switched and Ho3+ gain-switched operation,” Opt. Lett. 43, 3377–3380 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, J. Alaniz-Baylón, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber multi-wavelength passive Q-switched Er/Yb fiber laser based on a Tm-doped fiber saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 27, 035103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Prieto-Cortes, P.

Razmaria, A.

R. Szlauer, R. Götschl, A. Razmaria, L. Paras, and N. T. Schmeller, “Endoscopic vaporesection of the prostate using the continuous-wave 2  μm thulium laser: outcome and demonstration of the surgical technique,” Eur. Urol. 55, 368–375 (2009).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Richardson, M.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2  μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Baudelet, C. C. C. Willis, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of copper with a 2  μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18, 7905–7910 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rines, G. A.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Runcorn, T. H.

Sabella, A.

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, “Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2  μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567–572 (2007).
[Crossref]

Samson, B.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Santiago-Hernandez, H.

Schmeller, N. T.

R. Szlauer, R. Götschl, A. Razmaria, L. Paras, and N. T. Schmeller, “Endoscopic vaporesection of the prostate using the continuous-wave 2  μm thulium laser: outcome and demonstration of the surgical technique,” Eur. Urol. 55, 368–375 (2009).
[Crossref]

Setzler, S. D.

Shah, L.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2  μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Baudelet, C. C. C. Willis, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of copper with a 2  μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18, 7905–7910 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shunemann, P. G.

Simakov, N.

Slobodtchikov, E. V.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Song, R.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. Liu, “Gain-switched and mode-locked Tm/Ho-codoped 2  μm fiber laser for mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 045106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Song, Y.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An all-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser by an antimonene-based optical modulator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

Swiderski, J.

P. Grzes and J. Swiderski, “Gain-switched 2-μm fiber laser system providing kilowatt peak-power mode-locked resembling pulses and its application to supercontinuum generation in fluoride fibers,” IEEE Photon. J. 10, 1500408 (2018).
[Crossref]

Swidersky, J.

J. Swidersky, M. Maciejewska, J. Kwiatkowski, and M. Mamajek, “An all-fiber, resonantly pumped, gain-switched, 2  μm Tm-doped silica fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 015107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Szlauer, R.

R. Szlauer, R. Götschl, A. Razmaria, L. Paras, and N. T. Schmeller, “Endoscopic vaporesection of the prostate using the continuous-wave 2  μm thulium laser: outcome and demonstration of the surgical technique,” Eur. Urol. 55, 368–375 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

Y. Chen, C. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Du, P. Tang, G. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tang, P.

Y. Chen, C. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Du, P. Tang, G. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tang, Y.

J. Yang, Y. Tang, and J. Xu, “Development and applications of gain-switched fiber lasers,” Photon. Res. 1, 52–57 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Tang, F. Li, and J. Xu, “High peak-power gain-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 893–895 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tao, M.

M. Tao, J. Zhao, Y. Yan, Z. Wang, P. Yang, G. Feng, and X. Ye, “Experimental investigation of gain-switched Tm-Ho Co-doped single clad fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. 23, 105101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tayebati, P.

Torrisi, F.

Wall, K. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An all-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser by an antimonene-based optical modulator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, J. Geng, and S. Jiang, “2-μm fiber laser sources for sensing,” Opt. Eng. 53, 061609 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

R. Xiaohui, Z. Jie, Q. Xiang, Y. Liu, Z. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Ge, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, S. Wang, J. Zhong, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer black phosphorus nanosheets as electrocatalysts for highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1700396 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An all-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser by an antimonene-based optical modulator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, H. Mu, J. Yuan, C. Zhao, Q. Bao, and H. Zhang, “Graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure as broasband saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation in Er-doped and Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 8800105 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Tao, J. Zhao, Y. Yan, Z. Wang, P. Yang, G. Feng, and X. Ye, “Experimental investigation of gain-switched Tm-Ho Co-doped single clad fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. 23, 105101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Weirauch, F.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2  μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Du, P. Tang, G. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

Willis, C. C. C.

Woodward, R. I.

Wu, L.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An all-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser by an antimonene-based optical modulator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

Xiang, Q.

R. Xiaohui, Z. Jie, Q. Xiang, Y. Liu, Z. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Ge, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, S. Wang, J. Zhong, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer black phosphorus nanosheets as electrocatalysts for highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1700396 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xiao, R.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. Liu, “Gain-switched and mode-locked Tm/Ho-codoped 2  μm fiber laser for mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 045106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xiaohui, R.

R. Xiaohui, Z. Jie, Q. Xiang, Y. Liu, Z. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Ge, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, S. Wang, J. Zhong, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer black phosphorus nanosheets as electrocatalysts for highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1700396 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

J. Yang, Y. Tang, and J. Xu, “Development and applications of gain-switched fiber lasers,” Photon. Res. 1, 52–57 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Tang, F. Li, and J. Xu, “High peak-power gain-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 893–895 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y.

M. Tao, J. Zhao, Y. Yan, Z. Wang, P. Yang, G. Feng, and X. Ye, “Experimental investigation of gain-switched Tm-Ho Co-doped single clad fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. 23, 105101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

Yang, P.

M. Tao, J. Zhao, Y. Yan, Z. Wang, P. Yang, G. Feng, and X. Ye, “Experimental investigation of gain-switched Tm-Ho Co-doped single clad fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. 23, 105101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, W. Q.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. Liu, “Gain-switched and mode-locked Tm/Ho-codoped 2  μm fiber laser for mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 045106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ye, X.

M. Tao, J. Zhao, Y. Yan, Z. Wang, P. Yang, G. Feng, and X. Ye, “Experimental investigation of gain-switched Tm-Ho Co-doped single clad fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. 23, 105101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Young, Y. E.

Yu, H.

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yuan, J.

Z. Wang, H. Mu, J. Yuan, C. Zhao, Q. Bao, and H. Zhang, “Graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure as broasband saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation in Er-doped and Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 8800105 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zawilski, K.

Zhai, B.

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. Liu, “Gain-switched and mode-locked Tm/Ho-codoped 2  μm fiber laser for mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 045106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An all-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser by an antimonene-based optical modulator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An all-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser by an antimonene-based optical modulator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, H. Mu, J. Yuan, C. Zhao, Q. Bao, and H. Zhang, “Graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure as broasband saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation in Er-doped and Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 8800105 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Xiaohui, Z. Jie, Q. Xiang, Y. Liu, Z. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Ge, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, S. Wang, J. Zhong, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer black phosphorus nanosheets as electrocatalysts for highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1700396 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Du, P. Tang, G. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

Z. Wang, H. Mu, J. Yuan, C. Zhao, Q. Bao, and H. Zhang, “Graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure as broasband saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation in Er-doped and Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 8800105 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Du, P. Tang, G. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

M. Tao, J. Zhao, Y. Yan, Z. Wang, P. Yang, G. Feng, and X. Ye, “Experimental investigation of gain-switched Tm-Ho Co-doped single clad fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. 23, 105101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhong, J.

R. Xiaohui, Z. Jie, Q. Xiang, Y. Liu, Z. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Ge, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, S. Wang, J. Zhong, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer black phosphorus nanosheets as electrocatalysts for highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1700396 (2017).
[Crossref]

Adv. Energy Mater. (1)

R. Xiaohui, Z. Jie, Q. Xiang, Y. Liu, Z. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Ge, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, S. Wang, J. Zhong, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer black phosphorus nanosheets as electrocatalysts for highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1700396 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Eur. Urol. (1)

R. Szlauer, R. Götschl, A. Razmaria, L. Paras, and N. T. Schmeller, “Endoscopic vaporesection of the prostate using the continuous-wave 2  μm thulium laser: outcome and demonstration of the surgical technique,” Eur. Urol. 55, 368–375 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (4)

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, “Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2  μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567–572 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Du, P. Tang, G. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0900508 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, H. Mu, J. Yuan, C. Zhao, Q. Bao, and H. Zhang, “Graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure as broasband saturable absorber for ultra-short pulse generation in Er-doped and Yb-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 8800105 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (2)

B. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Grzes and J. Swiderski, “Gain-switched 2-μm fiber laser system providing kilowatt peak-power mode-locked resembling pulses and its application to supercontinuum generation in fluoride fibers,” IEEE Photon. J. 10, 1500408 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Tang, F. Li, and J. Xu, “High peak-power gain-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 893–895 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

Y. Wang, W. Huang, C. Wang, J. Guo, F. Zhang, Y. Song, Y. Ge, L. Wu, J. Liu, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “An all-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser by an antimonene-based optical modulator,” Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800313 (2019).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (2)

B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, J. Alaniz-Baylón, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “All-fiber multi-wavelength passive Q-switched Er/Yb fiber laser based on a Tm-doped fiber saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 27, 035103 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Tao, J. Zhao, Y. Yan, Z. Wang, P. Yang, G. Feng, and X. Ye, “Experimental investigation of gain-switched Tm-Ho Co-doped single clad fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. 23, 105101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Swidersky, M. Maciejewska, J. Kwiatkowski, and M. Mamajek, “An all-fiber, resonantly pumped, gain-switched, 2  μm Tm-doped silica fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 015107 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Q. Yang, B. Zhang, J. Hou, R. Xiao, R. Song, and Z. Liu, “Gain-switched and mode-locked Tm/Ho-codoped 2  μm fiber laser for mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a Tm-doped fiber amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 045106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lasers Surg. Med. (1)

S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, “Diode pumped fiber lasers: a new clinical tool?” Lasers Surg. Med. 30, 184–190 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. F. El-Sherif and T. A. King, “High-energy, high-brightness Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser using an electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 218, 337–344 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

Q. Wang, J. Geng, and S. Jiang, “2-μm fiber laser sources for sensing,” Opt. Eng. 53, 061609 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2  μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karasek, and B. Dussardier, “Theoretical modeling of S-band thulium-doped silica fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 201–212 (2004).
[Crossref]

Photon. Res. (1)

Sci. Rep. (1)

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of the proposed passively Q-switched and gain-switched fiber laser.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Experimental setup for nonlinear absorption measurement of the TDF-SA and (b) nonlinear characterization of the TDF-SA.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Optical spectra and pulses of the QS and GS fiber laser. (a) Spectrum of EYDCF laser QS centered at 1546 nm and 1561 nm and GS at 1862 nm. (b) Corresponding multi-wavelength first laser line. (c) Corresponding multi-wavelength second laser line. (d) Transmission through the multi-mode TDF to single-mode fiber arrangement. (e) Trains of pulses measured with two photodetectors.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Profiles of the pulses filtered and unfiltered with the monochromator. (a) 1544.2 nm, (b) 1559.56 nm, and (c) 1862 nm.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Measured laser pulses at different pump powers. (a) 1544.42 nm, (b) 1559.56 nm, and (c) 1862 nm.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Separation between pulses decreases as the pump power increases.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Characteristics of the PQS and GS laser operation. (a) Pulse duration versus pump power and (b) repetition rate versus pump power.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Blinking of TDF with different pump powers of (a) 7.5 W, (b) 7.75 W, and (c) 7.98 W.