Abstract

Achieving electromagnetic wave scattering manipulation in the multispectral and broad operation band has been a long pursuit in stealth applications. Here, we present an approach by using single-layer metasurfaces composed of space-variant amorphous silicon ridges tiled on a metallic mirror to generate high-efficiency dual-band and ultra-wideband photonic spin-orbit interaction and geometric phase. Two scattering engineered metasurfaces have been designed to reduce specular reflection; the first one can suppress both specular reflectances at 1.05–1.08 μm and 5–12 μm below 10%. The second one is designed for an ultra-broadband of 4.6–14 μm, which is actually implemented by cleverly connecting two bands of 4.6–6.1 μm and 6.1–14 μm. Furthermore, the presented structures exhibit low thermal emission at the same time due to the low absorption loss of silicon in the infrared spectrum, which can be regarded as an achievement of laser–infrared compatible camouflage. We believe the proposed strategy may open a new route to implement multispectral electromagnetic modulation and multiphysical engineering applications.

© 2019 Chinese Laser Press

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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    [Crossref]
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2019 (1)

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “All-metallic wide-angle metasurfaces for multifunctional polarization manipulation,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 2, 180023 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (10)

Y. Wang, X. Ma, X. Li, M. Pu, and X. Luo, “Perfect electromagnetic and sound absorption via subwavelength holes array,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180013 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, “Engineering optics 2.0: a revolution in optical materials, devices, and systems,” ACS Photon. 5, 4724–4738 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, D. Tsai, M. Gu, and M. Hong, “Subwavelength interference of light on structured surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 10, 757–842 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, “Subwavelength artificial structures: opening a new era for engineering optics,” Adv. Mater. 31, 1804680 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Xie, M. Pu, Y. Huang, X. Ma, X. Li, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Heat resisting metallic meta-skin for simultaneous microwave broadband scattering and infrared invisibility based on catenary optical field,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 4, 1800612 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, C. Huang, X. Wu, B. Sun, and X. Luo, “Dual-wavelength carpet cloak using ultrathin metasurface,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1800073 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Xie, X. Li, M. Pu, X. Ma, K. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for simultaneous thermal infrared invisibility and holographic illusion,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1706673 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, Y. Guo, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Revisitation of extraordinary Young’s interference: from catenary optical fields to spin-orbit interaction in metasurfaces,” ACS Photon. 5, 3198–3204 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Ma, Y. Guo, X. Li, and X. Luo, “Theory of microscopic meta-surface waves based on catenary optical fields and dispersion,” Opt. Express 26, 19555–19562 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Nemati, Q. Wang, M. Hong, and J. Teng, “Tunable and reconfigurable metasurfaces and metadevices,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180009 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. H. Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, and C.-H. Kuan, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352, 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2, e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Zeng, L. Li, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Generating and separating twisted light by gradient-rotation split-ring antenna metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 16, 3101–3108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, L. Jing, B. Zheng, R. Hao, W. Yin, E. Li, C. M. Soukoulis, and H. Chen, “Full-polarization 3D metasurface cloak with preserved amplitude and phase,” Adv. Mater. 28, 6866–6871 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Li, X. Ma, C. Hu, C. Wang, C. Huang, and X. Luo, “Spatially and spectrally engineered spin-orbit interaction for achromatic virtual shaping,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9822 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349, 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, “Principles of electromagnetic waves in metasurfaces,” Sci. China Phys. Mechan. Astron. 58, 594201 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, and H. Ren, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, and W. W. Liu, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345, 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13, 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Meinzer, W. L. Barnes, and I. R. Hooper, “Plasmonic meta-atoms and metasurfaces,” Nat. Photonics 8, 889–898 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, P. Chen, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Huang, C. Wang, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Anisotropic meta-mirror for achromatic electromagnetic polarization manipulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131906 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. C. I. Galarregui, A. T. Pereda, J. L. M. De Falcon, I. Ederra, R. Gonzalo, and P. de Maagt, “Broadband radar cross-section reduction using AMC technology,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61, 6136–6143 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

S. Simms and V. Fusco, “Chessboard reflector for RCS reduction,” Electron. Lett. 44, 316–318 (2008).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

M. V. Berry, “The adiabatic phase and Pancharatnam’s phase for polarized light,” J. Mod. Opt. 34, 1401–1407 (1987).
[Crossref]

1956 (1)

S. Pancharatnam, “Generalized theory of interference and its applications,” Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. A 44, 247–262 (1956).
[Crossref]

Aieta, F.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Azad, A. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

N. Meinzer, W. L. Barnes, and I. R. Hooper, “Plasmonic meta-atoms and metasurfaces,” Nat. Photonics 8, 889–898 (2014).
[Crossref]

Berry, M. V.

M. V. Berry, “The adiabatic phase and Pancharatnam’s phase for polarized light,” J. Mod. Opt. 34, 1401–1407 (1987).
[Crossref]

Brongersma, M. L.

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345, 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352, 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13, 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Y. Yang, L. Jing, B. Zheng, R. Hao, W. Yin, E. Li, C. M. Soukoulis, and H. Chen, “Full-polarization 3D metasurface cloak with preserved amplitude and phase,” Adv. Mater. 28, 6866–6871 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. B.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, and W. W. Liu, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.-T.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. H. Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, and C.-H. Kuan, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.-W.

S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. H. Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, and C.-H. Kuan, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2, e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, P.

M. Pu, P. Chen, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Huang, C. Wang, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Anisotropic meta-mirror for achromatic electromagnetic polarization manipulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. T.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352, 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Q.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, and W. W. Liu, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chowdhury, D. R.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chu, C. H.

S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. H. Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, and C.-H. Kuan, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cui, T. J.

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dalvit, D. A.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

De Falcon, J. L. M.

J. C. I. Galarregui, A. T. Pereda, J. L. M. De Falcon, I. Ederra, R. Gonzalo, and P. de Maagt, “Broadband radar cross-section reduction using AMC technology,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61, 6136–6143 (2013).
[Crossref]

de Maagt, P.

J. C. I. Galarregui, A. T. Pereda, J. L. M. De Falcon, I. Ederra, R. Gonzalo, and P. de Maagt, “Broadband radar cross-section reduction using AMC technology,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61, 6136–6143 (2013).
[Crossref]

Devlin, R. C.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352, 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dong, D. S.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, and W. W. Liu, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ederra, I.

J. C. I. Galarregui, A. T. Pereda, J. L. M. De Falcon, I. Ederra, R. Gonzalo, and P. de Maagt, “Broadband radar cross-section reduction using AMC technology,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61, 6136–6143 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fan, P.

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345, 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fusco, V.

S. Simms and V. Fusco, “Chessboard reflector for RCS reduction,” Electron. Lett. 44, 316–318 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gaburro, Z.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Galarregui, J. C. I.

J. C. I. Galarregui, A. T. Pereda, J. L. M. De Falcon, I. Ederra, R. Gonzalo, and P. de Maagt, “Broadband radar cross-section reduction using AMC technology,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61, 6136–6143 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gao, J.

J. Zeng, L. Li, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Generating and separating twisted light by gradient-rotation split-ring antenna metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 16, 3101–3108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gao, L. H.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, and W. W. Liu, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gao, P.

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, and H. Ren, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Genevet, P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gonzalo, R.

J. C. I. Galarregui, A. T. Pereda, J. L. M. De Falcon, I. Ederra, R. Gonzalo, and P. de Maagt, “Broadband radar cross-section reduction using AMC technology,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61, 6136–6143 (2013).
[Crossref]

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M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, and H. Ren, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, P. Chen, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Huang, C. Wang, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Anisotropic meta-mirror for achromatic electromagnetic polarization manipulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

A. Nemati, Q. Wang, M. Hong, and J. Teng, “Tunable and reconfigurable metasurfaces and metadevices,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180009 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. H. Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, and C.-H. Kuan, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, X. Ma, X. Li, M. Pu, and X. Luo, “Perfect electromagnetic and sound absorption via subwavelength holes array,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180013 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2, e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349, 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Li, X. Ma, C. Hu, C. Wang, C. Huang, and X. Luo, “Spatially and spectrally engineered spin-orbit interaction for achromatic virtual shaping,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9822 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, and H. Ren, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, P. Chen, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Huang, C. Wang, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Anisotropic meta-mirror for achromatic electromagnetic polarization manipulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wong, Z. J.

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349, 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, P. C.

S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. H. Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, and C.-H. Kuan, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

J. Yang, C. Huang, X. Wu, B. Sun, and X. Luo, “Dual-wavelength carpet cloak using ultrathin metasurface,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1800073 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xie, X.

X. Xie, X. Li, M. Pu, X. Ma, K. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for simultaneous thermal infrared invisibility and holographic illusion,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1706673 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Xie, M. Pu, Y. Huang, X. Ma, X. Li, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Heat resisting metallic meta-skin for simultaneous microwave broadband scattering and infrared invisibility based on catenary optical field,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 4, 1800612 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. H. Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, and C.-H. Kuan, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

J. Yang, C. Huang, X. Wu, B. Sun, and X. Luo, “Dual-wavelength carpet cloak using ultrathin metasurface,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1800073 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, and W. W. Liu, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

J. Zeng, L. Li, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Generating and separating twisted light by gradient-rotation split-ring antenna metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 16, 3101–3108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, L. Jing, B. Zheng, R. Hao, W. Yin, E. Li, C. M. Soukoulis, and H. Chen, “Full-polarization 3D metasurface cloak with preserved amplitude and phase,” Adv. Mater. 28, 6866–6871 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yin, W.

Y. Yang, L. Jing, B. Zheng, R. Hao, W. Yin, E. Li, C. M. Soukoulis, and H. Chen, “Full-polarization 3D metasurface cloak with preserved amplitude and phase,” Adv. Mater. 28, 6866–6871 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yu, N.

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13, 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zeng, J.

J. Zeng, L. Li, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Generating and separating twisted light by gradient-rotation split-ring antenna metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 16, 3101–3108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Y.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zentgraf, T.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2, e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349, 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, and W. W. Liu, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2, e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Li, X. Ma, C. Hu, C. Wang, C. Huang, and X. Luo, “Spatially and spectrally engineered spin-orbit interaction for achromatic virtual shaping,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9822 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, and H. Ren, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Pu, P. Chen, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Huang, C. Wang, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Anisotropic meta-mirror for achromatic electromagnetic polarization manipulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zheng, B.

Y. Yang, L. Jing, B. Zheng, R. Hao, W. Yin, E. Li, C. M. Soukoulis, and H. Chen, “Full-polarization 3D metasurface cloak with preserved amplitude and phase,” Adv. Mater. 28, 6866–6871 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zheng, G.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, A. Y.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352, 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

ACS Photon. (2)

M. Pu, Y. Guo, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Revisitation of extraordinary Young’s interference: from catenary optical fields to spin-orbit interaction in metasurfaces,” ACS Photon. 5, 3198–3204 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, “Engineering optics 2.0: a revolution in optical materials, devices, and systems,” ACS Photon. 5, 4724–4738 (2018).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

X. Xie, X. Li, M. Pu, X. Ma, K. Liu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for simultaneous thermal infrared invisibility and holographic illusion,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1706673 (2018).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

X. Luo, “Subwavelength artificial structures: opening a new era for engineering optics,” Adv. Mater. 31, 1804680 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, L. Jing, B. Zheng, R. Hao, W. Yin, E. Li, C. M. Soukoulis, and H. Chen, “Full-polarization 3D metasurface cloak with preserved amplitude and phase,” Adv. Mater. 28, 6866–6871 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. Technol. (1)

X. Xie, M. Pu, Y. Huang, X. Ma, X. Li, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Heat resisting metallic meta-skin for simultaneous microwave broadband scattering and infrared invisibility based on catenary optical field,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 4, 1800612 (2018).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (2)

J. Yang, C. Huang, X. Wu, B. Sun, and X. Luo, “Dual-wavelength carpet cloak using ultrathin metasurface,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, 1800073 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, and W. W. Liu, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

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M. Pu, P. Chen, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Huang, C. Wang, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “Anisotropic meta-mirror for achromatic electromagnetic polarization manipulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131906 (2013).
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[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

J. Zeng, L. Li, X. Yang, and J. Gao, “Generating and separating twisted light by gradient-rotation split-ring antenna metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 16, 3101–3108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (2)

S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. H. Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, and C.-H. Kuan, “Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices,” Nat. Commun. 8, 187 (2017).
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X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13, 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
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A. Nemati, Q. Wang, M. Hong, and J. Teng, “Tunable and reconfigurable metasurfaces and metadevices,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180009 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Ma, X. Li, M. Pu, and X. Luo, “Perfect electromagnetic and sound absorption via subwavelength holes array,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 1, 180013 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “All-metallic wide-angle metasurfaces for multifunctional polarization manipulation,” Opto-Electron. Adv. 2, 180023 (2019).
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M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, and H. Ren, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1, e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2, e1601102 (2016).
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M. Pu, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Li, X. Ma, C. Hu, C. Wang, C. Huang, and X. Luo, “Spatially and spectrally engineered spin-orbit interaction for achromatic virtual shaping,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9822 (2015).
[Crossref]

Science (5)

X. Ni, Z. J. Wong, M. Mrejen, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “An ultrathin invisibility skin cloak for visible light,” Science 349, 1310–1314 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352, 1190–1194 (2016).
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N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
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[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of the scattering engineered metasurface with a chessboard-like configuration; λ1 and λ2 denote the incoming wavelengths from two infrared bands. Inset illustrates the super cell of the metasurface.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Numerically calculated results of the (a)–(g) dual-band and (h)–(m) ultra-broadband unit cells. (a) Schematic view of a periodic α-Si ridge array on a gold mirror. (b) Reflection phase for the unit cells under x- (TM) and y- (TE) polarized incidences, as well as the relative phase difference between x and y polarizations. (c) Cross-polarization and co-polarization reflectances under circularly polarized illumination at near-infrared and far-infrared spectra. (d), (e) Calculated (d) electric field distributions and (e) phase profiles for TE- and TM-polarized illuminations at 1.06 μm. (f), (g) Calculated (f) electric field distributions and (g) phase profiles for TE- and TM-polarized illuminations at 10.6 μm. (h) Ultra-broadband cross-polarization and co-polarization reflectances under circularly polarized illumination. (i), (j) Calculated (i) reflectance and (j) phase for TE and TM illuminations. (k) Phase difference between the two orthogonal polarizations. (l) Phase distributions for TM illumination at 49 THz and 50 THz. (m) Magnetic field profiles for TM illumination at 49 THz and 50 THz.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Full-wave simulations for the (a)–(f) dual-band and (g)–(k) ultra-broadband metasurfaces for x-polarized normal incidences. (a), (b) 3D scattering patterns of the dual-band metasurface at 1.06 μm and 10.6 μm, respectively. (c), (d) Scattering patterns of the dual-band metasurface on a φ=45° plane at 1.06 μm and 10.6 μm, respectively. (e), (f) Calculated specular reflectance spectra of the dual-band metasurface and an Au plate. (g), (h) 3D scattering patterns of the ultra-broadband metasurface at 5 μm and 12 μm, respectively. (i), (j) Scattering patterns of the ultra-broadband metasurface on a φ=45° plane at 5 μm and 12 μm, respectively. (k) Calculated specular reflectance spectra of the ultra-broadband metasurface and an Au plate.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Sample fabrication and measurements. (a) Schematic of the fabrication process. (b) SEM image of part of the fabricated metasurface. Scale bar: 50 μm. (c) Measured reflectance spectra of the fabricated sample and Au plate under oblique incidences. (d) Measured thermal infrared images of a ceramic doll, a gold plate, and the fabricated sample. The white dotted frame marks the fabricated area.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Simulated electric field magnitude distributions Ex in the gap between two α-Si ridges under x-polarized illumination and the catenary curves fitting at the wavelength of (a) 1.06 μm and (b) 10.6 μm, respectively.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Full-wave simulated specular reflectance spectra of the metasurface under oblique incidences of (a) 15°, (b) 20°, and (c) 30°, respectively.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Calculated absorption spectra of a gold plate with and without the α-Si ridge array under TE and TM illuminations with different incidence angles.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

tanφ=sinθ0sinφ0±(2n+1)λ2dysinθ0cosφ0±(2m+1)λ2dx,
sinθ=sinθ0sinφ0±(2n+1)λ2dysinφ=sinθ0cosφ0±(2m+1)λ2dxcosφ,
tanφ=±dxdy=±1,
sinθ=±λ2dy=±λ2dx.
|Ex|=aexp(bx)+cexp(dx)+e,