Abstract

In this article, we report on an experimentally generated soliton and bound-state soliton passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser by incorporating a saturable absorber (SA) made of MoS2/fluorine mica (FM) that was fabricated with the Langmuir–Blodgett (LB) method. The FM substrate is 20 μm thick and easy to bend or cut, like a polymer. However, it has a higher damage threshold and a better thermal dissipation than polymers. In addition, the LB method can be used to fabricate a thin film with good uniformity. In this study, the modulation depth, saturable intensity, and unsaturated loss of the SA are measured as 5.9%, 57.69  MW/cm2, and 13.4%, respectively. Based on the SA, a soliton mode-locked laser is achieved. The pulse duration, repetition rate, and signal-to-noise ratio are 581 fs, 15.67 MHz, and 65 dB, respectively. By adjusting the polarization controller and pump power, we obtain a bound-state soliton mode-locked pulse. The temporal interval between the two solitons forming the bound-state pulse is 2.7 ps. The repetition rate of the bound-state pulses is proportional to the pump power. The maximum repetition rate is 517 MHz, corresponding to the 33rd harmonic of the fundamental repetition rate. The results indicate that the MoS2/FM LB film absorber is a promising photonic device in ultrafast fiber lasers.

© 2019 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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2018 (5)

2017 (6)

H. Zhu, B. Akkus, Y. Gao, Y. Liu, S. Yamamoto, J. Matsui, T. Miyashita, and M. Mitsuishi, “Regioselective synthesis of eight-armed cyclosiloxane amphiphile for functional 2D and 3D assembly motifs,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9, 28144–28150 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. A. Araimi, R. C. T. Howe, G. H. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-Wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Li, Y. G. X. Wang, G. W. Yang, S. Z. Jiang, Z. Li, B. Y. Man, and Y. S. Wang, “Er-doped mode-locked fiber laser with WS2/fluorine mica (FM) saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 90, 109–112 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, J. Yi, B. Huang, W. Peng, Y. H. Zou, H. H. Huang, W. Hu, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Ultrafast pulse generation from erbium-doped fiber laser modulated by hybrid organic-inorganic halide perovskites,” Appl. Phy. Lett. 110, 161111 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in few-layer antimonene and antimonene quantum dots: a promising optical Kerr media with enhanced stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. D. Yin, J. R. Li, H. Chen, J. T. Wang, P. G. Yan, M. L. Liu, W. J. Liu, W. Lu, Z. H. Xu, W. F. Zhang, J. Z. Wang, Z. P. Sun, and S. C. Ruan, “Large-area highly crystalline WSe2 atomic layers for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Opt. Express 25, 30020–30031 (2017).
[Crossref]

2015 (10)

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Y. Li, M. Zhong, Y. Z. Huang, X. J. Wan, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “Nonlinear optical absorption of few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) for passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser,” Photon. Res. 3, A79–A86 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Wu, X. Y. Zhang, J. Wang, and J. P. Chen, “463-MHz fundamental mode-locked fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40, 1374–1377 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Cui, D. D. Han, X. K. Yao, and Z. P. Sun, “Distributed ultrafast fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9101 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. G. Yan, R. Y. Lin, S. C. Ruan, A. J. Liu, H. Chen, Y. Q. Zheng, S. F. Chen, C. Y. Guo, and J. G. Hu, “A practical topological insulator saturable absorber for mode-locked fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8690 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, I. Pasternak, A. Krajewska, W. Strupinski, and G. Sobon, “Sub-90  fs a stretched-pulse mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23, 27503–27508 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Wu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “WS2 as a saturable absorber for ultrafast photonic applications of mode-locked and Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Express 23, 11453–11461 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Khazaeinezhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, K. J. Park, B. Y. Kim, D. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Ultrafast pulsed all-fiber laser based on tapered fiber enclosed by few-layer WS2 nano-sheets,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 1581–1584 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23, 20030–20039 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Li, S. Z. Jiang, Y. G. Wang, L. N. Duan, D. Mao, Z. Li, B. Y. Man, and J. H. Si, “WS2/fluorine mica (FM) saturable absorbers for all-normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23, 28698–28706 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Wang, D. Mao, X. T. Gan, L. Han, C. J. Ma, T. L. Xi, X. Zhang, W. Y. Shang, S. J. Hua, and J. L. Zhao, “Harmonic mode locking of bound-state solitons fiber laser based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23, 205–210 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

2013 (3)

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Wang, H. C. Chien, J. Kumar, N. Kumar, H. Y. Chiu, and H. Zhao, “Third-harmonic generation in ultrathin films of MoS2,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6, 314–318 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Shi, R. S. Yan, S. Bertolazzi, J. Brivio, B. Gao, A. Kis, D. Jena, H. G. Xing, and L. B. Huang, “Exciton dynamics in suspended monolayer and few-layer MoS2 2D crystals,” ACS Nano 7, 1072–1080 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

R. Wang, B. A. Ruzicka, N. Kumar, M. Z. Bellus, H. Y. Chiu, and H. Zhao, “Ultrafast and spatially resolved studies of charge carriers in atomically thin molybdenum disulfide,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 045406 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Yun and X. M. Liu, “Generation and propagation of bound-state pulses in a passively mode-locked figure-eight laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 4, 512–519 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Li, Q. Zhang, C. C. R. Yap, B. K. Tay, T. H. T. Edwin, A. Olivier, and D. Baillargeat, “From bulk to monolayer MoS2: evolution of Raman scattering,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22, 1385–1390 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 601–605 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, and F. O. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Dawson, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond pulse operation of a Tm, Ho-codoped crystalline laser near 2 micron,” Opt. Lett. 35, 172–174 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically thin MoS2: a new direct-gap semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 136805 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21, 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17, 17630–17635 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, T. Hasan, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Carbon nanotube polycarbonate composites for ultrafast lasers,” Adv. Mater. 20, 4040–4043 (2008).
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N. Nishizawa, Y. Seno, K. Sumimura, Y. Sakakibara, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, and K. Itoh, “All-polarization-maintaining Er-doped ultrashort pulse fiber laser using carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16, 9429–9435 (2008).
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2007 (2)

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, “Carbon nanotube mode lockers with enhanced nonlinearity via evanescent field interaction in D-shaped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32, 148–150 (2007).
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M. Clemente-León, T. Ito, H. Yashiro, and T. Yamase, “Two-dimensional array of polyoxomolybdate nanoball constructed by Langmuir-Blodgett semiamphiphilic method,” Chem. Mater. 19, 2589–2594 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2003 (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

Z. K. Wu, S. X. Wu, and Y. Q. Liang, “Monolayer behavior and LB film structure of poly(2-methoxy-5-(n-hexadecyloxy)-p-phenylene vinylene),” Langmuir 17, 7267–7273 (2001).
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D. Tang, W. Man, H. Tam, and P. Drummond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033814 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

L. H. Huo, W. Li, L. H. Lu, H. N. Cui, S. Q. Xi, J. Wang, B. Zhao, Y. C. Shen, and Z. H. Lu, “Preparation, structure and properties of three-dimensional ordered α-Fe2O3 nanoparticulate film,” Chem. Mater. 12, 790–794 (2000).
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1998 (1)

M. Michiaki, K. Shinnen, I. Shinzaburo, Y. Masahide, S. Albert, and K. Wolfgang, “Preparation and characterization of the Langmuir-Blodgett films made of hairy-rod polyglutamates bearing various chromophores in the side chain,” Langmuir 14, 7260–7266 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
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E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, “80∼200  GHz erbium doped fibre laser using a rational harmonic mode-locking technique,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1370–1372 (1996).
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1991 (1)

Akkus, B.

H. Zhu, B. Akkus, Y. Gao, Y. Liu, S. Yamamoto, J. Matsui, T. Miyashita, and M. Mitsuishi, “Regioselective synthesis of eight-armed cyclosiloxane amphiphile for functional 2D and 3D assembly motifs,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9, 28144–28150 (2017).
[Crossref]

Albert, S.

M. Michiaki, K. Shinnen, I. Shinzaburo, Y. Masahide, S. Albert, and K. Wolfgang, “Preparation and characterization of the Langmuir-Blodgett films made of hairy-rod polyglutamates bearing various chromophores in the side chain,” Langmuir 14, 7260–7266 (1998).
[Crossref]

Araimi, M. A.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. A. Araimi, R. C. T. Howe, G. H. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-Wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Baillargeat, D.

H. Li, Q. Zhang, C. C. R. Yap, B. K. Tay, T. H. T. Edwin, A. Olivier, and D. Baillargeat, “From bulk to monolayer MoS2: evolution of Raman scattering,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22, 1385–1390 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q. L.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T=F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1870013 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17, 17630–17635 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bednyakova, A.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. A. Araimi, R. C. T. Howe, G. H. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-Wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bellus, M. Z.

R. Wang, B. A. Ruzicka, N. Kumar, M. Z. Bellus, H. Y. Chiu, and H. Zhao, “Ultrafast and spatially resolved studies of charge carriers in atomically thin molybdenum disulfide,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 045406 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bertolazzi, S.

H. Y. Shi, R. S. Yan, S. Bertolazzi, J. Brivio, B. Gao, A. Kis, D. Jena, H. G. Xing, and L. B. Huang, “Exciton dynamics in suspended monolayer and few-layer MoS2 2D crystals,” ACS Nano 7, 1072–1080 (2013).
[Crossref]

Blau, W. J.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bonaccorso, F.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21, 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Brivio, J.

H. Y. Shi, R. S. Yan, S. Bertolazzi, J. Brivio, B. Gao, A. Kis, D. Jena, H. G. Xing, and L. B. Huang, “Exciton dynamics in suspended monolayer and few-layer MoS2 2D crystals,” ACS Nano 7, 1072–1080 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brown, C. T. A.

Calvez, S.

Cao, R.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T=F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1870013 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in few-layer antimonene and antimonene quantum dots: a promising optical Kerr media with enhanced stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Chen, J.

Chen, J. P.

Chen, S. F.

P. G. Yan, R. Y. Lin, S. C. Ruan, A. J. Liu, H. Chen, Y. Q. Zheng, S. F. Chen, C. Y. Guo, and J. G. Hu, “A practical topological insulator saturable absorber for mode-locked fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8690 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26, 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z. D.

Chernysheva, M.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. A. Araimi, R. C. T. Howe, G. H. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-Wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chien, H. C.

R. Wang, H. C. Chien, J. Kumar, N. Kumar, H. Y. Chiu, and H. Zhao, “Third-harmonic generation in ultrathin films of MoS2,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6, 314–318 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chiu, H. Y.

R. Wang, H. C. Chien, J. Kumar, N. Kumar, H. Y. Chiu, and H. Zhao, “Third-harmonic generation in ultrathin films of MoS2,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6, 314–318 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Wang, B. A. Ruzicka, N. Kumar, M. Z. Bellus, H. Y. Chiu, and H. Zhao, “Ultrafast and spatially resolved studies of charge carriers in atomically thin molybdenum disulfide,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 045406 (2012).
[Crossref]

Clemente-León, M.

M. Clemente-León, T. Ito, H. Yashiro, and T. Yamase, “Two-dimensional array of polyoxomolybdate nanoball constructed by Langmuir-Blodgett semiamphiphilic method,” Chem. Mater. 19, 2589–2594 (2007).
[Crossref]

Coleman, J. N.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cui, H. N.

L. H. Huo, W. Li, L. H. Lu, H. N. Cui, S. Q. Xi, J. Wang, B. Zhao, Y. C. Shen, and Z. H. Lu, “Preparation, structure and properties of three-dimensional ordered α-Fe2O3 nanoparticulate film,” Chem. Mater. 12, 790–794 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y. D.

Y. D. Cui, D. D. Han, X. K. Yao, and Z. P. Sun, “Distributed ultrafast fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dawson, M. D.

Dianov, E. M.

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 601–605 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dong, B. Q.

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in few-layer antimonene and antimonene quantum dots: a promising optical Kerr media with enhanced stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Drummond, P.

D. Tang, W. Man, H. Tam, and P. Drummond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033814 (2001).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

Duan, L. N.

Duling, I. N.

Dvoyrin, V. V.

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 601–605 (2011).
[Crossref]

Edwin, T. H. T.

H. Li, Q. Zhang, C. C. R. Yap, B. K. Tay, T. H. T. Edwin, A. Olivier, and D. Baillargeat, “From bulk to monolayer MoS2: evolution of Raman scattering,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22, 1385–1390 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fan, D. Y.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T=F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1870013 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in few-layer antimonene and antimonene quantum dots: a promising optical Kerr media with enhanced stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700301 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fan, J.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21, 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, T. Hasan, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Carbon nanotube polycarbonate composites for ultrafast lasers,” Adv. Mater. 20, 4040–4043 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Fox, D.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fusari, F.

Galzerano, G.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. A. Araimi, R. C. T. Howe, G. H. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-Wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gambetta, A.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. A. Araimi, R. C. T. Howe, G. H. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-Wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gan, X. T.

Gao, B.

H. Y. Shi, R. S. Yan, S. Bertolazzi, J. Brivio, B. Gao, A. Kis, D. Jena, H. G. Xing, and L. B. Huang, “Exciton dynamics in suspended monolayer and few-layer MoS2 2D crystals,” ACS Nano 7, 1072–1080 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gao, Y.

H. Zhu, B. Akkus, Y. Gao, Y. Liu, S. Yamamoto, J. Matsui, T. Miyashita, and M. Mitsuishi, “Regioselective synthesis of eight-armed cyclosiloxane amphiphile for functional 2D and 3D assembly motifs,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9, 28144–28150 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ge, Y. Q.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T=F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1870013 (2018).
[Crossref]

Goh, C. S.

Guo, C. Y.

P. G. Yan, R. Y. Lin, S. C. Ruan, A. J. Liu, H. Chen, Y. Q. Zheng, S. F. Chen, C. Y. Guo, and J. G. Hu, “A practical topological insulator saturable absorber for mode-locked fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8690 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z. N.

Han, D. D.

Y. D. Cui, D. D. Han, X. K. Yao, and Z. P. Sun, “Distributed ultrafast fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Han, L.

Hasan, T.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. A. Araimi, R. C. T. Howe, G. H. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-Wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21, 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, T. Hasan, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Carbon nanotube polycarbonate composites for ultrafast lasers,” Adv. Mater. 20, 4040–4043 (2008).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

He, T. H.

He, Z. L.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T=F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1870013 (2018).
[Crossref]

Heinz, T. F.

K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically thin MoS2: a new direct-gap semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 136805 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hennrich, F.

V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, T. Hasan, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Carbon nanotube polycarbonate composites for ultrafast lasers,” Adv. Mater. 20, 4040–4043 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hirooka, T.

Hone, J.

K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically thin MoS2: a new direct-gap semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 136805 (2010).
[Crossref]

Honninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Howe, R. C. T.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. A. Araimi, R. C. T. Howe, G. H. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-Wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hu, G. H.

M. Chernysheva, A. Bednyakova, M. A. Araimi, R. C. T. Howe, G. H. Hu, T. Hasan, A. Gambetta, G. Galzerano, M. Rümmeli, and A. Rozhin, “Double-Wall carbon nanotube hybrid mode-locker in Tm-doped fibre laser: a novel mechanism for robust bound-state solitons generation,” Sci. Rep. 7, 44314 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hu, J. G.

P. G. Yan, R. Y. Lin, S. C. Ruan, A. J. Liu, H. Chen, Y. Q. Zheng, S. F. Chen, C. Y. Guo, and J. G. Hu, “A practical topological insulator saturable absorber for mode-locked fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8690 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hu, W.

G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, J. Yi, B. Huang, W. Peng, Y. H. Zou, H. H. Huang, W. Hu, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Ultrafast pulse generation from erbium-doped fiber laser modulated by hybrid organic-inorganic halide perovskites,” Appl. Phy. Lett. 110, 161111 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hua, S. J.

Huang, B.

G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, J. Yi, B. Huang, W. Peng, Y. H. Zou, H. H. Huang, W. Hu, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Ultrafast pulse generation from erbium-doped fiber laser modulated by hybrid organic-inorganic halide perovskites,” Appl. Phy. Lett. 110, 161111 (2017).
[Crossref]

Huang, H. H.

G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, J. Yi, B. Huang, W. Peng, Y. H. Zou, H. H. Huang, W. Hu, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Ultrafast pulse generation from erbium-doped fiber laser modulated by hybrid organic-inorganic halide perovskites,” Appl. Phy. Lett. 110, 161111 (2017).
[Crossref]

Huang, L. B.

H. Y. Shi, R. S. Yan, S. Bertolazzi, J. Brivio, B. Gao, A. Kis, D. Jena, H. G. Xing, and L. B. Huang, “Exciton dynamics in suspended monolayer and few-layer MoS2 2D crystals,” ACS Nano 7, 1072–1080 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. Z.

Huo, L. H.

L. H. Huo, W. Li, L. H. Lu, H. N. Cui, S. Q. Xi, J. Wang, B. Zhao, Y. C. Shen, and Z. H. Lu, “Preparation, structure and properties of three-dimensional ordered α-Fe2O3 nanoparticulate film,” Chem. Mater. 12, 790–794 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ilday, F. O.

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, and F. O. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Fabrication process of SA devices. (b) Macroscopic images of FM and MoS2/FM. (c) SEM image of a MoS2 SA by the spin-coating and LB methods at the same resolutions. (d) 3D and plane AFM image and the AFM height profile diagram of few-layer MoS2. (e) Raman spectrum of the MoS2 SA.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Linear transmittance measured in the spectral range from 1450 to 1600 nm. (b) Nonlinear saturable absorption of the MoS2/FM LB film.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Configuration of a passively mode-locked EDF laser.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Characterization of the soliton mode-locked fiber laser: (a) optical spectrum, (b) autocorrelation trace, (c) oscilloscope trace, (d) RF spectrum, and (e) the relationship between the output power and pump power of soliton mode locking. (f) Long-term optical spectrum measured for five days.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Experimental results of a bound-state soliton mode-locked fiber laser. (a) Optical spectrum and (b) autocorrelation trace.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) Bound-state pulse oscilloscope trace with a pump power of 307 mW. (b) Repetition rate and harmonic number under a different pump power.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparison of Nonlinear Parameters and Corresponding Mode-Locked EDF Lasers Based on a TMD SA