Abstract

Heterogeneously integrating III-V materials on silicon photonic integrated circuits has emerged as a promising approach to make advanced laser sources for optical communication and sensing applications. Tunable semiconductor lasers operating in the 2–2.5 μm range are of great interest for industrial and medical applications since many gases (e.g., CO2, CO, CH4) and biomolecules (such as blood glucose) have strong absorption features in this wavelength region. The development of integrated tunable laser sources in this wavelength range enables low-cost and miniature spectroscopic sensors. Here we report heterogeneously integrated widely tunable III-V-on-silicon Vernier lasers using two silicon microring resonators as the wavelength tuning components. The laser has a wavelength tuning range of more than 40 nm near 2.35 μm. By combining two lasers with different distributed Bragg reflectors, a tuning range of more than 70 nm is achieved. Over the whole tuning range, the side-mode suppression ratio is higher than 35 dB. As a proof-of-principle, this III-V-on-silicon Vernier laser is used to measure the absorption lines of CO. The measurement results match very well with the high-resolution transmission molecular absorption (HITRAN) database and indicate that this laser is suitable for broadband spectroscopy.

© 2018 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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2018 (1)

2017 (6)

H. Lin, Z. Luo, T. Gu, L. C. Kimerling, K. Wada, A. Agarwal, and J. Hu, “Mid-infrared integrated photonics on silicon: a perspective,” Nanophotonics 7, 393–420 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Tombez, E. J. Zhang, J. S. Orcutt, S. Kamlapurkar, and W. M. J. Green, “Methane absorption spectroscopy on a silicon photonic chip,” Optica 4, 1322–1325 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Zhou, D. Wu, R. McClintock, S. Slivken, and M. Razeghi, “High performance monolithic, broadly tunable mid-infrared quantum cascade lasers,” Optica 4, 1228–1231 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Wang, S. Sprengel, G. Boehm, R. Baets, M.-C. Amann, and G. Roelkens, “Broad wavelength coverage 2.3  μm III-V-on-silicon DFB laser array,” Optica 4, 972–975 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. J. Stanton, A. Spott, N. Volet, M. L. Davenport, and J. E. Bowers, “High-brightness lasers on silicon by beam combining,” Proc. SPIE 10108, 101080K (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Spott, E. J. Stanton, N. Volet, J. D. Peters, J. R. Meyer, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneous integration for mid-infrared silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 8200810 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (6)

R. Wang, M. Muneeb, S. Sprengel, G. Boehm, A. Malik, R. Baets, M.-C. Amann, and G. Roelkens, “III-V-on-silicon 2-μm-wavelength-range wavelength demultiplexers with heterogeneously integrated InP-based type-II photodetectors,” Opt. Express 24, 8480–8490 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Wang, S. Sprengel, G. Boehm, M. Muneeb, R. Baets, M. C. Amann, and G. Roelkens, “2.3  μm range InP-based type-II quantum well Fabry-Perot lasers heterogeneously integrated on a silicon photonic integrated circuit,” Opt. Express 24, 21081–21089 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Wang, A. Malik, I. Šimonytė, A. Vizbaras, K. Vizbaras, and G. Roelkens, “Compact GaSb/silicon-on-insulator 2.0×  μm widely tunable external cavity lasers,” Opt. Express 24, 28977–28986 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. von Edlinger, R. Weih, J. Scheuermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, M. Kamp, and S. Höfling, “Monolithic single mode interband cascade lasers with wide wavelength tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 201109 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Latkowski, A. Hänsel, P. J. van Veldhoven, D. D’Agostino, H. Rabbani-Haghighi, B. Docter, N. Bhattacharya, P. J. A. Thijs, H. P. M. M. Ambrosius, M. K. Smit, K. A. Williams, and E. A. J. M. Bente, “Monolithically integrated widely tunable laser source operating at 2  μm,” Optica 3, 1412–1417 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Spott, J. Peters, M. L. Davenport, E. J. Stanton, C. D. Merritt, W. W. Bewley, I. Vurgaftman, C. S. Kim, J. R. Meyer, J. Kirch, L. J. Mawst, D. Botez, and J. E. Bowers, “Quantum cascade laser on silicon,” Optica 3, 545–551 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

S. Kalchmair, R. Blanchard, T. S. Mansuripur, G.-M. de Naurois, C. Pfluegl, M. F. Witinski, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, and M. Loncar, “High tuning stability of sampled grating quantum cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 23, 15734–15747 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Vizbaras, E. Dvinelis, I. Šimonytė, A. Trinkūnas, M. Greibus, R. Songaila, T. Žukauskas, M. Kaušylas, and A. Vizbaras, “High power continuous-wave GaSb-based superluminescent diodes as gain chips for widely tunable laser spectroscopy in the 1.95–2.45  μm wavelength range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 011103 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Stritzke, O. Diemel, and S. Wagner, “TDLAS-based NH3 mole fraction measurement for exhaust diagnostics during selective catalytic reduction using a fiber-coupled 2.2-μm DFB diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B 119, 143–152 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Roelkens, A. Abbasi, P. Cardile, U. Dave, A. De Groote, Y. de Koninck, S. Dhoore, X. Fu, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, Q. Huang, S. Kumari, S. Keyvaninia, B. Kuyken, L. Li, P. Mechet, M. Muneeb, D. Sanchez, H. Shao, T. Spuesens, A. Subramanian, S. Uvin, M. Tassaert, K. Van Gasse, J. Verbist, R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Van Campenhout, X. Yin, J. Bauwelinck, G. Morthier, R. Baets, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon photonic devices for optical communication and sensing,” Photonics 2, 969–1004 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Jágerská, P. Jouy, B. Tuzson, H. Looser, M. Mangold, P. Soltic, A. Hugi, R. Brönnimann, J. Faist, and L. Emmenegger, “Simultaneous measurement of NO and NO2 by dual-wavelength quantum cascade laser spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 23, 1512–1522 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Spott, M. Davenport, J. Peters, J. Bovington, M. J. R. Heck, E. J. Stanton, I. Vurgaftman, J. Meyer, and J. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated 2.0 μm CW hybrid silicon lasers at room temperature,” Opt. Lett. 40, 1480–1483 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (3)

S. Sprengel, C. Grasse, P. Wiecha, A. Andrejew, T. Gruendl, G. Boehm, R. Meyer, and M.-C. Amann, “InP-based type-II quantum-well lasers and LEDs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1900909 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Hodgkinson and R. P. Tatam, “Optical gas sensing: a review,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 24, 012004 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

N. Hattasan, B. Kuyken, F. Leo, E. Ryckeboer, D. Vermeulen, and G. Roelkens, “High-efficiency SOI fiber-to-chip grating couplers and low-loss waveguides for the short-wave infrared,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1536–1538 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

B. Gerhard, A. Bachmann, J. Rosskopf, M. Ortsiefer, J. Chen, A. Hangauer, R. Meyer, R. Strzoda, and M.-C. Amann, “Comparison of InP-and GaSb-based VCSELs emitting at 2.3  μm suitable for carbon monoxide detection,” J. Cryst. Growth 323, 442–445 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, A. Hangauer, R. Strzoda, and M. C. Amann, “VCSEL-based calibration-free carbon monoxide sensor at 2.3  μm with in-line reference cell,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 381–389 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

X. Chao, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, “Absorption sensor for CO in combustion gases using 2.3  μm tunable diode lasers,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 115201 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Elia, P. M. Lugarà, C. Di Franco, and V. Spagnolo, “Photoacoustic techniques for trace gas sensing based on semiconductor laser sources,” Sensors 9, 9616–9628 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. V. Alexeeva and M. A. Arnold, “Near-infrared microspectroscopic analysis of rat skin tissue heterogeneity in relation to noninvasive glucose sensing,” J. Diabetes Sci. Technol. 3, 219–232 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

M. W. Sigrist, R. Bartlome, D. Marinov, J. M. Rey, D. E. Vogler, and H. Wächter, “Trace gas monitoring with infrared laser-based detection schemes,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 289–300 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Hangauer, J. Chen, R. Strzoda, M. Ortsiefer, and M.-C. Amann, “Wavelength modulation spectroscopy with a widely tunable InP-based 2.3 micron vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1566–1568 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, R. F. Curl, F. K. Tittel, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, M. Troccoli, G. Hofler, D. Bour, S. Corzine, R. Maulini, M. Giovannini, and J. Faist, “Widely tunable mode-hop free external cavity quantum cascade lasers for high resolution spectroscopy and chemical sensing,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 305–311 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. T. Robinson, L. Chen, and M. Lipson, “On-chip gas detection in silicon optical microcavities,” Opt. Express 16, 4296–4301 (2008).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

1999 (1)

Abbasi, A.

G. Roelkens, A. Abbasi, P. Cardile, U. Dave, A. De Groote, Y. de Koninck, S. Dhoore, X. Fu, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, Q. Huang, S. Kumari, S. Keyvaninia, B. Kuyken, L. Li, P. Mechet, M. Muneeb, D. Sanchez, H. Shao, T. Spuesens, A. Subramanian, S. Uvin, M. Tassaert, K. Van Gasse, J. Verbist, R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Van Campenhout, X. Yin, J. Bauwelinck, G. Morthier, R. Baets, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon photonic devices for optical communication and sensing,” Photonics 2, 969–1004 (2015).
[Crossref]

Agarwal, A.

H. Lin, Z. Luo, T. Gu, L. C. Kimerling, K. Wada, A. Agarwal, and J. Hu, “Mid-infrared integrated photonics on silicon: a perspective,” Nanophotonics 7, 393–420 (2017).
[Crossref]

Alexeeva, N. V.

N. V. Alexeeva and M. A. Arnold, “Near-infrared microspectroscopic analysis of rat skin tissue heterogeneity in relation to noninvasive glucose sensing,” J. Diabetes Sci. Technol. 3, 219–232 (2009).
[Crossref]

Allen, M. G.

Amann, M. C.

R. Wang, S. Sprengel, G. Boehm, M. Muneeb, R. Baets, M. C. Amann, and G. Roelkens, “2.3  μm range InP-based type-II quantum well Fabry-Perot lasers heterogeneously integrated on a silicon photonic integrated circuit,” Opt. Express 24, 21081–21089 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, A. Hangauer, R. Strzoda, and M. C. Amann, “VCSEL-based calibration-free carbon monoxide sensor at 2.3  μm with in-line reference cell,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 381–389 (2011).
[Crossref]

Amann, M.-C.

Ambrosius, H. P. M. M.

Andrejew, A.

S. Sprengel, C. Grasse, P. Wiecha, A. Andrejew, T. Gruendl, G. Boehm, R. Meyer, and M.-C. Amann, “InP-based type-II quantum-well lasers and LEDs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1900909 (2013).
[Crossref]

Arnold, M. A.

N. V. Alexeeva and M. A. Arnold, “Near-infrared microspectroscopic analysis of rat skin tissue heterogeneity in relation to noninvasive glucose sensing,” J. Diabetes Sci. Technol. 3, 219–232 (2009).
[Crossref]

Babikov, Y.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Bachmann, A.

B. Gerhard, A. Bachmann, J. Rosskopf, M. Ortsiefer, J. Chen, A. Hangauer, R. Meyer, R. Strzoda, and M.-C. Amann, “Comparison of InP-and GaSb-based VCSELs emitting at 2.3  μm suitable for carbon monoxide detection,” J. Cryst. Growth 323, 442–445 (2011).
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Baets, R.

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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G. Roelkens, A. Abbasi, P. Cardile, U. Dave, A. De Groote, Y. de Koninck, S. Dhoore, X. Fu, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, Q. Huang, S. Kumari, S. Keyvaninia, B. Kuyken, L. Li, P. Mechet, M. Muneeb, D. Sanchez, H. Shao, T. Spuesens, A. Subramanian, S. Uvin, M. Tassaert, K. Van Gasse, J. Verbist, R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Van Campenhout, X. Yin, J. Bauwelinck, G. Morthier, R. Baets, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon photonic devices for optical communication and sensing,” Photonics 2, 969–1004 (2015).
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Bente, E. A. J. M.

Bernath, P. F.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Bhattacharya, N.

Birk, M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Bizzocchi, L.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Blanchard, R.

Bockstaele, R.

Boehm, G.

Botez, D.

Boudon, V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Bour, D.

G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, R. F. Curl, F. K. Tittel, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, M. Troccoli, G. Hofler, D. Bour, S. Corzine, R. Maulini, M. Giovannini, and J. Faist, “Widely tunable mode-hop free external cavity quantum cascade lasers for high resolution spectroscopy and chemical sensing,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 305–311 (2008).
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Bovington, J.

Bowers, J.

Bowers, J. E.

A. Spott, E. J. Stanton, N. Volet, J. D. Peters, J. R. Meyer, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneous integration for mid-infrared silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 8200810 (2017).
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E. J. Stanton, A. Spott, N. Volet, M. L. Davenport, and J. E. Bowers, “High-brightness lasers on silicon by beam combining,” Proc. SPIE 10108, 101080K (2017).
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A. Spott, J. Peters, M. L. Davenport, E. J. Stanton, C. D. Merritt, W. W. Bewley, I. Vurgaftman, C. S. Kim, J. R. Meyer, J. Kirch, L. J. Mawst, D. Botez, and J. E. Bowers, “Quantum cascade laser on silicon,” Optica 3, 545–551 (2016).
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Brönnimann, R.

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Campargue, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Capasso, F.

S. Kalchmair, R. Blanchard, T. S. Mansuripur, G.-M. de Naurois, C. Pfluegl, M. F. Witinski, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, and M. Loncar, “High tuning stability of sampled grating quantum cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 23, 15734–15747 (2015).
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G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, R. F. Curl, F. K. Tittel, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, M. Troccoli, G. Hofler, D. Bour, S. Corzine, R. Maulini, M. Giovannini, and J. Faist, “Widely tunable mode-hop free external cavity quantum cascade lasers for high resolution spectroscopy and chemical sensing,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 305–311 (2008).
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Cardile, P.

G. Roelkens, A. Abbasi, P. Cardile, U. Dave, A. De Groote, Y. de Koninck, S. Dhoore, X. Fu, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, Q. Huang, S. Kumari, S. Keyvaninia, B. Kuyken, L. Li, P. Mechet, M. Muneeb, D. Sanchez, H. Shao, T. Spuesens, A. Subramanian, S. Uvin, M. Tassaert, K. Van Gasse, J. Verbist, R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Van Campenhout, X. Yin, J. Bauwelinck, G. Morthier, R. Baets, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon photonic devices for optical communication and sensing,” Photonics 2, 969–1004 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chakravarty, S.

Chance, K.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Chao, X.

X. Chao, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, “Absorption sensor for CO in combustion gases using 2.3  μm tunable diode lasers,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 115201 (2009).
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Chen, J.

J. Chen, A. Hangauer, R. Strzoda, and M. C. Amann, “VCSEL-based calibration-free carbon monoxide sensor at 2.3  μm with in-line reference cell,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 381–389 (2011).
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B. Gerhard, A. Bachmann, J. Rosskopf, M. Ortsiefer, J. Chen, A. Hangauer, R. Meyer, R. Strzoda, and M.-C. Amann, “Comparison of InP-and GaSb-based VCSELs emitting at 2.3  μm suitable for carbon monoxide detection,” J. Cryst. Growth 323, 442–445 (2011).
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A. Hangauer, J. Chen, R. Strzoda, M. Ortsiefer, and M.-C. Amann, “Wavelength modulation spectroscopy with a widely tunable InP-based 2.3 micron vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1566–1568 (2008).
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Chen, L.

Chen, R. T.

Chris Benner, D.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Chung, C.-J.

Cohen, E. A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Corzine, S.

G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, R. F. Curl, F. K. Tittel, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, M. Troccoli, G. Hofler, D. Bour, S. Corzine, R. Maulini, M. Giovannini, and J. Faist, “Widely tunable mode-hop free external cavity quantum cascade lasers for high resolution spectroscopy and chemical sensing,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 305–311 (2008).
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Coudert, L. H.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Curl, R. F.

G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, R. F. Curl, F. K. Tittel, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, M. Troccoli, G. Hofler, D. Bour, S. Corzine, R. Maulini, M. Giovannini, and J. Faist, “Widely tunable mode-hop free external cavity quantum cascade lasers for high resolution spectroscopy and chemical sensing,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 305–311 (2008).
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G. Wysocki, M. McCurdy, S. So, D. Weidmann, C. Roller, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, “Pulsed quantum-cascade laser-based sensor for trace-gas detection of carbonyl sulfide,” Appl. Opt. 43, 6040–6046 (2004).
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D’Agostino, D.

Dave, U.

G. Roelkens, A. Abbasi, P. Cardile, U. Dave, A. De Groote, Y. de Koninck, S. Dhoore, X. Fu, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, Q. Huang, S. Kumari, S. Keyvaninia, B. Kuyken, L. Li, P. Mechet, M. Muneeb, D. Sanchez, H. Shao, T. Spuesens, A. Subramanian, S. Uvin, M. Tassaert, K. Van Gasse, J. Verbist, R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Van Campenhout, X. Yin, J. Bauwelinck, G. Morthier, R. Baets, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon photonic devices for optical communication and sensing,” Photonics 2, 969–1004 (2015).
[Crossref]

Davenport, M.

Davenport, M. L.

De Groote, A.

G. Roelkens, A. Abbasi, P. Cardile, U. Dave, A. De Groote, Y. de Koninck, S. Dhoore, X. Fu, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, Q. Huang, S. Kumari, S. Keyvaninia, B. Kuyken, L. Li, P. Mechet, M. Muneeb, D. Sanchez, H. Shao, T. Spuesens, A. Subramanian, S. Uvin, M. Tassaert, K. Van Gasse, J. Verbist, R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Van Campenhout, X. Yin, J. Bauwelinck, G. Morthier, R. Baets, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon photonic devices for optical communication and sensing,” Photonics 2, 969–1004 (2015).
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de Koninck, Y.

G. Roelkens, A. Abbasi, P. Cardile, U. Dave, A. De Groote, Y. de Koninck, S. Dhoore, X. Fu, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, Q. Huang, S. Kumari, S. Keyvaninia, B. Kuyken, L. Li, P. Mechet, M. Muneeb, D. Sanchez, H. Shao, T. Spuesens, A. Subramanian, S. Uvin, M. Tassaert, K. Van Gasse, J. Verbist, R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Van Campenhout, X. Yin, J. Bauwelinck, G. Morthier, R. Baets, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon photonic devices for optical communication and sensing,” Photonics 2, 969–1004 (2015).
[Crossref]

de Naurois, G.-M.

Devi, V. M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Dhoore, S.

G. Roelkens, A. Abbasi, P. Cardile, U. Dave, A. De Groote, Y. de Koninck, S. Dhoore, X. Fu, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, Q. Huang, S. Kumari, S. Keyvaninia, B. Kuyken, L. Li, P. Mechet, M. Muneeb, D. Sanchez, H. Shao, T. Spuesens, A. Subramanian, S. Uvin, M. Tassaert, K. Van Gasse, J. Verbist, R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Van Campenhout, X. Yin, J. Bauwelinck, G. Morthier, R. Baets, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon photonic devices for optical communication and sensing,” Photonics 2, 969–1004 (2015).
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Di Franco, C.

A. Elia, P. M. Lugarà, C. Di Franco, and V. Spagnolo, “Photoacoustic techniques for trace gas sensing based on semiconductor laser sources,” Sensors 9, 9616–9628 (2009).
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Diehl, L.

S. Kalchmair, R. Blanchard, T. S. Mansuripur, G.-M. de Naurois, C. Pfluegl, M. F. Witinski, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, and M. Loncar, “High tuning stability of sampled grating quantum cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 23, 15734–15747 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, R. F. Curl, F. K. Tittel, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, M. Troccoli, G. Hofler, D. Bour, S. Corzine, R. Maulini, M. Giovannini, and J. Faist, “Widely tunable mode-hop free external cavity quantum cascade lasers for high resolution spectroscopy and chemical sensing,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 305–311 (2008).
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Diemel, O.

F. Stritzke, O. Diemel, and S. Wagner, “TDLAS-based NH3 mole fraction measurement for exhaust diagnostics during selective catalytic reduction using a fiber-coupled 2.2-μm DFB diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B 119, 143–152 (2015).
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Docter, B.

Drouin, B. J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Dvinelis, E.

K. Vizbaras, E. Dvinelis, I. Šimonytė, A. Trinkūnas, M. Greibus, R. Songaila, T. Žukauskas, M. Kaušylas, and A. Vizbaras, “High power continuous-wave GaSb-based superluminescent diodes as gain chips for widely tunable laser spectroscopy in the 1.95–2.45  μm wavelength range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 011103 (2015).
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A. Elia, P. M. Lugarà, C. Di Franco, and V. Spagnolo, “Photoacoustic techniques for trace gas sensing based on semiconductor laser sources,” Sensors 9, 9616–9628 (2009).
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Emmenegger, L.

Faist, J.

J. Jágerská, P. Jouy, B. Tuzson, H. Looser, M. Mangold, P. Soltic, A. Hugi, R. Brönnimann, J. Faist, and L. Emmenegger, “Simultaneous measurement of NO and NO2 by dual-wavelength quantum cascade laser spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 23, 1512–1522 (2015).
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G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, R. F. Curl, F. K. Tittel, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, M. Troccoli, G. Hofler, D. Bour, S. Corzine, R. Maulini, M. Giovannini, and J. Faist, “Widely tunable mode-hop free external cavity quantum cascade lasers for high resolution spectroscopy and chemical sensing,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 305–311 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fayt, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Fischer, M.

M. von Edlinger, R. Weih, J. Scheuermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, M. Kamp, and S. Höfling, “Monolithic single mode interband cascade lasers with wide wavelength tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 201109 (2016).
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Flaud, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Fu, X.

G. Roelkens, A. Abbasi, P. Cardile, U. Dave, A. De Groote, Y. de Koninck, S. Dhoore, X. Fu, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, Q. Huang, S. Kumari, S. Keyvaninia, B. Kuyken, L. Li, P. Mechet, M. Muneeb, D. Sanchez, H. Shao, T. Spuesens, A. Subramanian, S. Uvin, M. Tassaert, K. Van Gasse, J. Verbist, R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Van Campenhout, X. Yin, J. Bauwelinck, G. Morthier, R. Baets, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon photonic devices for optical communication and sensing,” Photonics 2, 969–1004 (2015).
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Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Gassenq, A.

G. Roelkens, A. Abbasi, P. Cardile, U. Dave, A. De Groote, Y. de Koninck, S. Dhoore, X. Fu, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, Q. Huang, S. Kumari, S. Keyvaninia, B. Kuyken, L. Li, P. Mechet, M. Muneeb, D. Sanchez, H. Shao, T. Spuesens, A. Subramanian, S. Uvin, M. Tassaert, K. Van Gasse, J. Verbist, R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Van Campenhout, X. Yin, J. Bauwelinck, G. Morthier, R. Baets, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon photonic devices for optical communication and sensing,” Photonics 2, 969–1004 (2015).
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Gerhard, B.

B. Gerhard, A. Bachmann, J. Rosskopf, M. Ortsiefer, J. Chen, A. Hangauer, R. Meyer, R. Strzoda, and M.-C. Amann, “Comparison of InP-and GaSb-based VCSELs emitting at 2.3  μm suitable for carbon monoxide detection,” J. Cryst. Growth 323, 442–445 (2011).
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Giovannini, M.

G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, R. F. Curl, F. K. Tittel, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, M. Troccoli, G. Hofler, D. Bour, S. Corzine, R. Maulini, M. Giovannini, and J. Faist, “Widely tunable mode-hop free external cavity quantum cascade lasers for high resolution spectroscopy and chemical sensing,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 305–311 (2008).
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Gordon, I. E.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Grasse, C.

S. Sprengel, C. Grasse, P. Wiecha, A. Andrejew, T. Gruendl, G. Boehm, R. Meyer, and M.-C. Amann, “InP-based type-II quantum-well lasers and LEDs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1900909 (2013).
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Green, W. M. J.

Greibus, M.

K. Vizbaras, E. Dvinelis, I. Šimonytė, A. Trinkūnas, M. Greibus, R. Songaila, T. Žukauskas, M. Kaušylas, and A. Vizbaras, “High power continuous-wave GaSb-based superluminescent diodes as gain chips for widely tunable laser spectroscopy in the 1.95–2.45  μm wavelength range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 011103 (2015).
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Gruendl, T.

S. Sprengel, C. Grasse, P. Wiecha, A. Andrejew, T. Gruendl, G. Boehm, R. Meyer, and M.-C. Amann, “InP-based type-II quantum-well lasers and LEDs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 1900909 (2013).
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Gu, T.

H. Lin, Z. Luo, T. Gu, L. C. Kimerling, K. Wada, A. Agarwal, and J. Hu, “Mid-infrared integrated photonics on silicon: a perspective,” Nanophotonics 7, 393–420 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hangauer, A.

B. Gerhard, A. Bachmann, J. Rosskopf, M. Ortsiefer, J. Chen, A. Hangauer, R. Meyer, R. Strzoda, and M.-C. Amann, “Comparison of InP-and GaSb-based VCSELs emitting at 2.3  μm suitable for carbon monoxide detection,” J. Cryst. Growth 323, 442–445 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, A. Hangauer, R. Strzoda, and M. C. Amann, “VCSEL-based calibration-free carbon monoxide sensor at 2.3  μm with in-line reference cell,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 381–389 (2011).
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A. Hangauer, J. Chen, R. Strzoda, M. Ortsiefer, and M.-C. Amann, “Wavelength modulation spectroscopy with a widely tunable InP-based 2.3 micron vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1566–1568 (2008).
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Hänsel, A.

Hanson, R. K.

X. Chao, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, “Absorption sensor for CO in combustion gases using 2.3  μm tunable diode lasers,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 115201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Harrison, J. J.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Hartmann, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hattasan, N.

G. Roelkens, A. Abbasi, P. Cardile, U. Dave, A. De Groote, Y. de Koninck, S. Dhoore, X. Fu, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, Q. Huang, S. Kumari, S. Keyvaninia, B. Kuyken, L. Li, P. Mechet, M. Muneeb, D. Sanchez, H. Shao, T. Spuesens, A. Subramanian, S. Uvin, M. Tassaert, K. Van Gasse, J. Verbist, R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Van Campenhout, X. Yin, J. Bauwelinck, G. Morthier, R. Baets, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon photonic devices for optical communication and sensing,” Photonics 2, 969–1004 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Hattasan, B. Kuyken, F. Leo, E. Ryckeboer, D. Vermeulen, and G. Roelkens, “High-efficiency SOI fiber-to-chip grating couplers and low-loss waveguides for the short-wave infrared,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1536–1538 (2012).
[Crossref]

Heck, M. J. R.

Hill, C.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Hodges, J. T.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
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Hodgkinson, J.

J. Hodgkinson and R. P. Tatam, “Optical gas sensing: a review,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 24, 012004 (2013).
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Hofler, G.

G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, R. F. Curl, F. K. Tittel, L. Diehl, F. Capasso, M. Troccoli, G. Hofler, D. Bour, S. Corzine, R. Maulini, M. Giovannini, and J. Faist, “Widely tunable mode-hop free external cavity quantum cascade lasers for high resolution spectroscopy and chemical sensing,” Appl. Phys. B 92, 305–311 (2008).
[Crossref]

Höfling, S.

M. von Edlinger, R. Weih, J. Scheuermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, M. Kamp, and S. Höfling, “Monolithic single mode interband cascade lasers with wide wavelength tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 201109 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hu, J.

H. Lin, Z. Luo, T. Gu, L. C. Kimerling, K. Wada, A. Agarwal, and J. Hu, “Mid-infrared integrated photonics on silicon: a perspective,” Nanophotonics 7, 393–420 (2017).
[Crossref]

Huang, Q.

G. Roelkens, A. Abbasi, P. Cardile, U. Dave, A. De Groote, Y. de Koninck, S. Dhoore, X. Fu, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, Q. Huang, S. Kumari, S. Keyvaninia, B. Kuyken, L. Li, P. Mechet, M. Muneeb, D. Sanchez, H. Shao, T. Spuesens, A. Subramanian, S. Uvin, M. Tassaert, K. Van Gasse, J. Verbist, R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Van Campenhout, X. Yin, J. Bauwelinck, G. Morthier, R. Baets, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon photonic devices for optical communication and sensing,” Photonics 2, 969–1004 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hugi, A.

Jacquemart, D.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jágerská, J.

Jeffries, J. B.

X. Chao, J. B. Jeffries, and R. K. Hanson, “Absorption sensor for CO in combustion gases using 2.3  μm tunable diode lasers,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 115201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jolly, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, Y. Babikov, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, L. Bizzocchi, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, K. Chance, E. A. Cohen, L. H. Coudert, V. M. Devi, B. J. Drouin, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, J. J. Harrison, J.-M. Hartmann, C. Hill, J. T. Hodges, D. Jacquemart, A. Jolly, J. Lamouroux, R. J. Le Roy, G. Li, D. A. Long, O. M. Lyulin, C. J. Mackie, S. T. Massie, S. Mikhailenko, H. S. P. Müller, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. Perevalov, A. Perrin, E. R. Polovtseva, C. Richard, M. A. H. Smith, E. Starikova, K. Sung, S. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, G. C. Toon, V. G. Tyuterev, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 130, 4–50 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jouy, P.

Kalchmair, S.

Kamlapurkar, S.

Kamp, M.

M. von Edlinger, R. Weih, J. Scheuermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, M. Kamp, and S. Höfling, “Monolithic single mode interband cascade lasers with wide wavelength tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 201109 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kaušylas, M.

K. Vizbaras, E. Dvinelis, I. Šimonytė, A. Trinkūnas, M. Greibus, R. Songaila, T. Žukauskas, M. Kaušylas, and A. Vizbaras, “High power continuous-wave GaSb-based superluminescent diodes as gain chips for widely tunable laser spectroscopy in the 1.95–2.45  μm wavelength range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 011103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Keyvaninia, S.

G. Roelkens, A. Abbasi, P. Cardile, U. Dave, A. De Groote, Y. de Koninck, S. Dhoore, X. Fu, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, Q. Huang, S. Kumari, S. Keyvaninia, B. Kuyken, L. Li, P. Mechet, M. Muneeb, D. Sanchez, H. Shao, T. Spuesens, A. Subramanian, S. Uvin, M. Tassaert, K. Van Gasse, J. Verbist, R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Van Campenhout, X. Yin, J. Bauwelinck, G. Morthier, R. Baets, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon photonic devices for optical communication and sensing,” Photonics 2, 969–1004 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, C. S.

Kimerling, L. C.

H. Lin, Z. Luo, T. Gu, L. C. Kimerling, K. Wada, A. Agarwal, and J. Hu, “Mid-infrared integrated photonics on silicon: a perspective,” Nanophotonics 7, 393–420 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kirch, J.

Koeth, J.

M. von Edlinger, R. Weih, J. Scheuermann, L. Nähle, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, M. Kamp, and S. Höfling, “Monolithic single mode interband cascade lasers with wide wavelength tunability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 201109 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kosterev, A. A.

Kumari, S.

G. Roelkens, A. Abbasi, P. Cardile, U. Dave, A. De Groote, Y. de Koninck, S. Dhoore, X. Fu, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, Q. Huang, S. Kumari, S. Keyvaninia, B. Kuyken, L. Li, P. Mechet, M. Muneeb, D. Sanchez, H. Shao, T. Spuesens, A. Subramanian, S. Uvin, M. Tassaert, K. Van Gasse, J. Verbist, R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Van Campenhout, X. Yin, J. Bauwelinck, G. Morthier, R. Baets, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon photonic devices for optical communication and sensing,” Photonics 2, 969–1004 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kuyken, B.

G. Roelkens, A. Abbasi, P. Cardile, U. Dave, A. De Groote, Y. de Koninck, S. Dhoore, X. Fu, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, Q. Huang, S. Kumari, S. Keyvaninia, B. Kuyken, L. Li, P. Mechet, M. Muneeb, D. Sanchez, H. Shao, T. Spuesens, A. Subramanian, S. Uvin, M. Tassaert, K. Van Gasse, J. Verbist, R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Van Campenhout, X. Yin, J. Bauwelinck, G. Morthier, R. Baets, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon photonic devices for optical communication and sensing,” Photonics 2, 969–1004 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Hattasan, B. Kuyken, F. Leo, E. Ryckeboer, D. Vermeulen, and G. Roelkens, “High-efficiency SOI fiber-to-chip grating couplers and low-loss waveguides for the short-wave infrared,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1536–1538 (2012).
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Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

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A. Spott, E. J. Stanton, N. Volet, J. D. Peters, J. R. Meyer, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneous integration for mid-infrared silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 8200810 (2017).
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Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Optica (5)

Photon. Res. (1)

Photonics (1)

G. Roelkens, A. Abbasi, P. Cardile, U. Dave, A. De Groote, Y. de Koninck, S. Dhoore, X. Fu, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, Q. Huang, S. Kumari, S. Keyvaninia, B. Kuyken, L. Li, P. Mechet, M. Muneeb, D. Sanchez, H. Shao, T. Spuesens, A. Subramanian, S. Uvin, M. Tassaert, K. Van Gasse, J. Verbist, R. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Van Campenhout, X. Yin, J. Bauwelinck, G. Morthier, R. Baets, and D. Van Thourhout, “III-V-on-silicon photonic devices for optical communication and sensing,” Photonics 2, 969–1004 (2015).
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Proc. SPIE (1)

E. J. Stanton, A. Spott, N. Volet, M. L. Davenport, and J. E. Bowers, “High-brightness lasers on silicon by beam combining,” Proc. SPIE 10108, 101080K (2017).
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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Schematic of the widely tunable III-V-on-silicon laser; (b) microscope image of the fabricated laser.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Simulated reflectivity of DBR1 and DBR2. The inset shows the cross section of the fabricated DBRs; (b) dependence of the reflection spectra on the pitch of DBR1; (c) simulated transmission spectra of the two MRRs and Vernier filter; (d) longitudinal modes of the Fabry–Perot cavity filtered by the Vernier filter.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Gain spectrum of the III-V-on-silicon SOA at 150 mA at 5°C. The inset shows the fiber-to-fiber transmission spectra of the silicon waveguide with (in red) and without (in black) integrated SOA. (b)–(d) Emission spectra from III-V-on-silicon Fabry–Perot lasers with different DBR pitches. All Fabry–Perot lasers are driven at 160 mA at 5°C in CW regime.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) CW L-I curve of the III-V-on-silicon Vernier laser with 420 nm DBR and MRRs with quality factor of 1500; (b) a fiber-coupled emission spectrum of the Vernier laser.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Fiber-coupled emission spectrum of the laser with different MRRs. (a) Q500, biased at 160 mA at 5°C; (b) Q5000, biased at 160 mA at 0°C.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Superimposed CW lasing spectra of lasers with (a) DBR pitch of 420 nm and MRR Q factor of 2500, (b) DBR pitch of 435 nm and MRR Q factor of 2500, and (c) DBR pitch of 460 nm and MRR Q factor of 1500. All lasers are biased at 160 mA, the two lasers with the higher Q MRRs are measured at 0°C, and the laser with lower Q is measured at 5°C. (d) Dependence of the lasing wavelength on the electrical power dissipated in the two MRRs of the laser shown in (b).
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Superimposed lasing spectra (pulsed) of lasers with (a) DBR pitch of 420 nm and MRR Q factor of 2500 and (b) DBR pitch of 460 nm and MRR Q factor of 1500. Both lasers are driven at 150 mA at 5°C.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Superimposed CW lasing spectra obtained by tuning both MRRs.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Spectral map of fiber-coupled emission spectrum of a Vernier laser as a function of bias current at 5°C in CW regime.
Fig. 10.
Fig. 10. (a) Contour map of the fiber-coupled laser spectra after the light has passed through the CO gas cell; (b)–(d) TDLAS spectrum of CO gas and the corresponding HITRAN spectrum at different absorption lines. The driven current used in the TDLAS measurements is shown in the respective figures.

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