Abstract

Dual combs are an emerging tool to obtain unprecedented resolution, high sensitivity, ultrahigh accuracy, broad bandwidth, and ultrafast data updating rate in the fields of molecular spectroscopy, optical metrology, as well as optical frequency synthesis. The recent progress in chip-based microcombs has promoted the on-chip dual-comb measuring systems to a new phase attributed to the large frequency spacing and broad spectrum. In this paper, we demonstrate proof-of-concept dual-comb generation with orthogonal polarization in a single microresonator through pumping both the transverse-electric (TE) and transverse-magnetic (TM) modes simultaneously. The two orthogonal polarized pumps are self-oscillating in a fiber ring cavity. The generated dual comb exhibits excellent stability due to the intrinsic feedback mechanism of the self-locked scheme. The repetition rate of the two orthogonal combs is slightly different because of the mode spacing difference between the TE and TM modes. Such orthogonal polarized dual-combs could be a new comb source for out-of-lab applications in the fields of integrated spectroscopy, ranging measurement, optical frequency synthesis, and microwave comb generation.

© 2018 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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2018 (2)

2017 (6)

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberger, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Hu, W. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Numerical simulation and temporal characterization of dual-pumped microring- resonator-based optical frequency combs,” Photon. Res. 5, 207–211 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, W. Zhang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, Q. Yang, L. Wang, X. Hu, L. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Repetition rate multiplication pulsed laser source based on a microring resonator,” ACS Photon. 4, 1677–1683 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, X. Jiang, and M. Xiao, “Kerr frequency combs in large-size, ultra-high-Q toroid microcavities with low repetition rates,” Photon. Res. 5, B54–B58 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. F. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Counter-propagating solitons in microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 560–564 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. C. Cole, E. S. Lamb, P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Soliton crystals in Kerr resonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 671–676 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Coddington, N. Newbury, and W. Swann, “Dual-comb spectroscopy,” Optica 3, 414–426 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. R. Reber, Y. Chen, and T. K. Allison, “Cavity-enhanced ultrafast spectroscopy: ultrafast meets ultrasensitive,” Optica 3, 311–317 (2016).
[Crossref]

M.-G. Suh, Q.-F. Yang, K. Y. Yang, X. Yi, and K. Vahala, “Microresonator soliton dual-comb spectroscopy,” Science 354, 600–603 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Ideguchi, T. Nakamura, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Goda, “Kerr-lens mode-locked bidirectional dual-comb ring laser for broadband dual-comb spectroscopy,” Optica 3, 748–753 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

S. B. Papp, K. Beha, P. DelHaye, F. Quinlan, H. Lee, K. J. Vahala, and S. A. Diddams, “A microresonator frequency comb optical clock,” Optica 1, 10–14 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (5)

J. Li, H. Lee, T. Chen, and K. J. Vahala, “Low-pump-power, low-phase-noise, and microwave to millimeter-wave repetition rate operation in microcombs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Peccianti, A. Pasquazi, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, D. J. Moss, and R. Morandotti, “Demonstration of a stable ultrafast laser based on a nonlinear microcavity,” Nat. Commun. 3, 765–766 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Lee, K. Y. Yang, and K. J. Vahala, “Sideband spectroscopy and dispersion measurement in microcavities,” Opt. Express 20, 26337–26344 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, C. Gu, J. Sun, C. Wang, T. Gardiner, and D. T. Reid, “Asynchronous midinfrared ultrafast optical parametric oscillator for dual-comb spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 37, 187–189 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. B. Papp, P. Del’Haye, and S. A. Diddams, “Mechanical control of a microrod-resonator optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. X 3, 031003 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Octave spanning tunable frequency comb from a microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 063901 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2002 (1)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (3)

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300  THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Alic, N.

V. Ataie, P. P. Kuo, A. Wiberg, Z. Tong, C. Huynh, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Ultrafast absolute ranging by coherent parametric comb,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OTh3D.2.

Alishahi, F.

C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

Allison, T. K.

Almaiman, A.

C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

Anderson, M. H.

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberger, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ataie, V.

V. Ataie, P. P. Kuo, A. Wiberg, Z. Tong, C. Huynh, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Ultrafast absolute ranging by coherent parametric comb,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OTh3D.2.

Bao, C.

C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

Beha, K.

Brasch, V.

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberger, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cao, Y.

C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

Cardenas, J.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual comb source for spectroscopy,” arXiv:1611.07673 (2016).

Caspani, L.

Chen, T.

J. Li, H. Lee, T. Chen, and K. J. Vahala, “Low-pump-power, low-phase-noise, and microwave to millimeter-wave repetition rate operation in microcombs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Chu, S. T.

W. Wang, W. Zhang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, Q. Yang, L. Wang, X. Hu, L. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Repetition rate multiplication pulsed laser source based on a microring resonator,” ACS Photon. 4, 1677–1683 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Pasquazi, L. Caspani, M. Peccianti, M. Clerici, M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, D. J. Moss, and R. Morandotti, “Self-locked optical parametric oscillation in a CMOS compatible microring resonator: a route to robust optical frequency comb generation on a chip,” Opt. Express 21, 13333–13341 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Peccianti, A. Pasquazi, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, D. J. Moss, and R. Morandotti, “Demonstration of a stable ultrafast laser based on a nonlinear microcavity,” Nat. Commun. 3, 765–766 (2012).
[Crossref]

Clerici, M.

Coddington, I.

Cole, D. C.

D. C. Cole, E. S. Lamb, P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Soliton crystals in Kerr resonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 671–676 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300  THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).
[Crossref]

Del Bino, L.

X. Zhao, J. M. Silver, L. Del Bino, and P. Del’Haye, “Dual comb generation in a single microresonator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper STh3L.4.

Del’Haye, P.

D. C. Cole, E. S. Lamb, P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Soliton crystals in Kerr resonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 671–676 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. B. Papp, P. Del’Haye, and S. A. Diddams, “Mechanical control of a microrod-resonator optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. X 3, 031003 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Octave spanning tunable frequency comb from a microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 063901 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, J. M. Silver, L. Del Bino, and P. Del’Haye, “Dual comb generation in a single microresonator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper STh3L.4.

DelHaye, P.

Diddams, S. A.

D. C. Cole, E. S. Lamb, P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Soliton crystals in Kerr resonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 671–676 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. B. Papp, K. Beha, P. DelHaye, F. Quinlan, H. Lee, K. J. Vahala, and S. A. Diddams, “A microresonator frequency comb optical clock,” Optica 1, 10–14 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. B. Papp, P. Del’Haye, and S. A. Diddams, “Mechanical control of a microrod-resonator optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. X 3, 031003 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300  THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
[Crossref]

Duchesne, D.

Dutt, A.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual comb source for spectroscopy,” arXiv:1611.07673 (2016).

Fallahpour, A.

C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

Ferrera, M.

Freude, W.

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberger, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Trocha, D. Ganin, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, J. Krockenberger, S. Wolf, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” arXiv 1707.05969v2 (2017).

Gaeta, A. L.

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P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Octave spanning tunable frequency comb from a microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 063901 (2011).
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T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014).
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C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

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P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberger, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
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C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

P. Trocha, D. Ganin, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, J. Krockenberger, S. Wolf, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” arXiv 1707.05969v2 (2017).

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Knight, J. C.

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000).
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Kondratiev, N. M.

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P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberger, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
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C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

Krockenberger, J.

P. Trocha, D. Ganin, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, J. Krockenberger, S. Wolf, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” arXiv 1707.05969v2 (2017).

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C. Joshi, A. Klenner, Y. Okawachi, M. Yu, K. Luke, X. Ji, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Counter-rotating cavity solitons in a silicon nitride microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 43, 547–550 (2018).

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Little, B. E.

W. Wang, W. Zhang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, Q. Yang, L. Wang, X. Hu, L. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Repetition rate multiplication pulsed laser source based on a microring resonator,” ACS Photon. 4, 1677–1683 (2017).
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W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
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M. Peccianti, A. Pasquazi, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, D. J. Moss, and R. Morandotti, “Demonstration of a stable ultrafast laser based on a nonlinear microcavity,” Nat. Commun. 3, 765–766 (2012).
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W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
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C. Joshi, A. Klenner, Y. Okawachi, M. Yu, K. Luke, X. Ji, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Counter-rotating cavity solitons in a silicon nitride microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 43, 547–550 (2018).

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual comb source for spectroscopy,” arXiv:1611.07673 (2016).

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P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberger, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
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P. Trocha, D. Ganin, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, J. Krockenberger, S. Wolf, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” arXiv 1707.05969v2 (2017).

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C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

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C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

Morandotti, R.

Moss, D. J.

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C. Joshi, A. Klenner, Y. Okawachi, M. Yu, K. Luke, X. Ji, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Counter-rotating cavity solitons in a silicon nitride microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 43, 547–550 (2018).

M. Yu, Y. Okawachi, A. G. Griffith, N. Picqué, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based mid-infrared dual-comb spectroscopy,” arXiv:1610.01121v2 (2017).

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual comb source for spectroscopy,” arXiv:1611.07673 (2016).

Papp, S. B.

D. C. Cole, E. S. Lamb, P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Soliton crystals in Kerr resonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 671–676 (2017).
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Pasquazi, A.

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
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A. Pasquazi, L. Caspani, M. Peccianti, M. Clerici, M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, D. J. Moss, and R. Morandotti, “Self-locked optical parametric oscillation in a CMOS compatible microring resonator: a route to robust optical frequency comb generation on a chip,” Opt. Express 21, 13333–13341 (2013).
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M. Peccianti, A. Pasquazi, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, D. J. Moss, and R. Morandotti, “Demonstration of a stable ultrafast laser based on a nonlinear microcavity,” Nat. Commun. 3, 765–766 (2012).
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Peccianti, M.

Pfeiffer, M. H. P.

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberger, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
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P. Trocha, D. Ganin, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, J. Krockenberger, S. Wolf, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” arXiv 1707.05969v2 (2017).

C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

Pfeifle, J.

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberger, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Picqué, N.

M. Yu, Y. Okawachi, A. G. Griffith, N. Picqué, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based mid-infrared dual-comb spectroscopy,” arXiv:1610.01121v2 (2017).

Quinlan, F.

Radic, S.

V. Ataie, P. P. Kuo, A. Wiberg, Z. Tong, C. Huynh, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Ultrafast absolute ranging by coherent parametric comb,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OTh3D.2.

Randel, S.

P. Trocha, D. Ganin, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, J. Krockenberger, S. Wolf, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” arXiv 1707.05969v2 (2017).

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300  THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).
[Crossref]

Razzari, L.

Reber, M. A. R.

Reid, D. T.

Rosenberger, R.

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberger, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Russell, P. St. J.

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000).
[Crossref]

Silver, J. M.

X. Zhao, J. M. Silver, L. Del Bino, and P. Del’Haye, “Dual comb generation in a single microresonator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper STh3L.4.

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
[Crossref]

Su, Y.

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Suh, M.-G.

M.-G. Suh and K. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science 359, 884–887 (2018).

M.-G. Suh, Q.-F. Yang, K. Y. Yang, X. Yi, and K. Vahala, “Microresonator soliton dual-comb spectroscopy,” Science 354, 600–603 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sun, J.

Swann, W.

Tong, Z.

V. Ataie, P. P. Kuo, A. Wiberg, Z. Tong, C. Huynh, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Ultrafast absolute ranging by coherent parametric comb,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OTh3D.2.

Trocha, P.

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberger, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Trocha, D. Ganin, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, J. Krockenberger, S. Wolf, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” arXiv 1707.05969v2 (2017).

Tur, M.

C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

Udem, T.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300  THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).
[Crossref]

Vahala, K.

M.-G. Suh and K. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science 359, 884–887 (2018).

Q. F. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Counter-propagating solitons in microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 560–564 (2017).
[Crossref]

M.-G. Suh, Q.-F. Yang, K. Y. Yang, X. Yi, and K. Vahala, “Microresonator soliton dual-comb spectroscopy,” Science 354, 600–603 (2016).
[Crossref]

Vahala, K. J.

Vijayan, K.

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberger, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wadsworth, W. J.

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Wang, C. Y.

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.

W. Wang, W. Zhang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, Q. Yang, L. Wang, X. Hu, L. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Repetition rate multiplication pulsed laser source based on a microring resonator,” ACS Photon. 4, 1677–1683 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

W. Wang, W. Zhang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, Q. Yang, L. Wang, X. Hu, L. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Repetition rate multiplication pulsed laser source based on a microring resonator,” ACS Photon. 4, 1677–1683 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, W. Zhang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, Q. Yang, L. Wang, X. Hu, L. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Repetition rate multiplication pulsed laser source based on a microring resonator,” ACS Photon. 4, 1677–1683 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Hu, W. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Numerical simulation and temporal characterization of dual-pumped microring- resonator-based optical frequency combs,” Photon. Res. 5, 207–211 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

W. Wang, W. Zhang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, Q. Yang, L. Wang, X. Hu, L. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Repetition rate multiplication pulsed laser source based on a microring resonator,” ACS Photon. 4, 1677–1683 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Hu, W. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Numerical simulation and temporal characterization of dual-pumped microring- resonator-based optical frequency combs,” Photon. Res. 5, 207–211 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

X. Hu, W. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Numerical simulation and temporal characterization of dual-pumped microring- resonator-based optical frequency combs,” Photon. Res. 5, 207–211 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, W. Zhang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, Q. Yang, L. Wang, X. Hu, L. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Repetition rate multiplication pulsed laser source based on a microring resonator,” ACS Photon. 4, 1677–1683 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Weimann, C.

P. Trocha, D. Ganin, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, J. Krockenberger, S. Wolf, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” arXiv 1707.05969v2 (2017).

Wiberg, A.

V. Ataie, P. P. Kuo, A. Wiberg, Z. Tong, C. Huynh, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Ultrafast absolute ranging by coherent parametric comb,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OTh3D.2.

Willner, A. E.

C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

Windeler, R. S.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300  THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wolf, S.

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberger, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Trocha, D. Ganin, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, J. Krockenberger, S. Wolf, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” arXiv 1707.05969v2 (2017).

Xiao, M.

Xie, G.

C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

Yan, Y.

C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

Yang, K. Y.

Q. F. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Counter-propagating solitons in microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 560–564 (2017).
[Crossref]

M.-G. Suh, Q.-F. Yang, K. Y. Yang, X. Yi, and K. Vahala, “Microresonator soliton dual-comb spectroscopy,” Science 354, 600–603 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Lee, K. Y. Yang, and K. J. Vahala, “Sideband spectroscopy and dispersion measurement in microcavities,” Opt. Express 20, 26337–26344 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q.

W. Wang, W. Zhang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, Q. Yang, L. Wang, X. Hu, L. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Repetition rate multiplication pulsed laser source based on a microring resonator,” ACS Photon. 4, 1677–1683 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q. F.

Q. F. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Counter-propagating solitons in microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 560–564 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q.-F.

M.-G. Suh, Q.-F. Yang, K. Y. Yang, X. Yi, and K. Vahala, “Microresonator soliton dual-comb spectroscopy,” Science 354, 600–603 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ye, J.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300  THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yi, X.

Q. F. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Counter-propagating solitons in microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 560–564 (2017).
[Crossref]

M.-G. Suh, Q.-F. Yang, K. Y. Yang, X. Yi, and K. Vahala, “Microresonator soliton dual-comb spectroscopy,” Science 354, 600–603 (2016).
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Yoshida, E.

Yu, M.

C. Joshi, A. Klenner, Y. Okawachi, M. Yu, K. Luke, X. Ji, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Counter-rotating cavity solitons in a silicon nitride microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 43, 547–550 (2018).

M. Yu, Y. Okawachi, A. G. Griffith, N. Picqué, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based mid-infrared dual-comb spectroscopy,” arXiv:1610.01121v2 (2017).

Yu, N.

Zhang, L.

C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

Zhang, W.

W. Wang, W. Zhang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, Q. Yang, L. Wang, X. Hu, L. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Repetition rate multiplication pulsed laser source based on a microring resonator,” ACS Photon. 4, 1677–1683 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Hu, W. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Numerical simulation and temporal characterization of dual-pumped microring- resonator-based optical frequency combs,” Photon. Res. 5, 207–211 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, W.

W. Wang, W. Zhang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, Q. Yang, L. Wang, X. Hu, L. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Repetition rate multiplication pulsed laser source based on a microring resonator,” ACS Photon. 4, 1677–1683 (2017).
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X. Hu, W. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Numerical simulation and temporal characterization of dual-pumped microring- resonator-based optical frequency combs,” Photon. Res. 5, 207–211 (2017).
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W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
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Zhao, X.

X. Zhao, J. M. Silver, L. Del Bino, and P. Del’Haye, “Dual comb generation in a single microresonator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper STh3L.4.

Zhao, Z.

C. Bao, P. Liao, A. Kordts, L. Zhang, A. Matsko, M. Karpov, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, G. Xie, Y. Cao, Y. Yan, A. Almaiman, Z. Zhao, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, A. Fallahpour, F. Alishahi, M. Tur, L. Maleki, T. J. Kippenberg, and A. E. Willner, “Orthogonally polarized Kerr frequency combs,” arXiv: 1705.05045v2 (2017).

ACS Photon. (1)

W. Wang, W. Zhang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, Q. Yang, L. Wang, X. Hu, L. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Repetition rate multiplication pulsed laser source based on a microring resonator,” ACS Photon. 4, 1677–1683 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

M. Peccianti, A. Pasquazi, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, D. J. Moss, and R. Morandotti, “Demonstration of a stable ultrafast laser based on a nonlinear microcavity,” Nat. Commun. 3, 765–766 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (3)

D. C. Cole, E. S. Lamb, P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Soliton crystals in Kerr resonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 671–676 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. F. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Counter-propagating solitons in microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 560–564 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberger, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Optica (4)

Photon. Res. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Octave spanning tunable frequency comb from a microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 063901 (2011).
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J. Li, H. Lee, T. Chen, and K. J. Vahala, “Low-pump-power, low-phase-noise, and microwave to millimeter-wave repetition rate operation in microcombs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 233901 (2012).
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S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300  THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. X (1)

S. B. Papp, P. Del’Haye, and S. A. Diddams, “Mechanical control of a microrod-resonator optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. X 3, 031003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Science (3)

M.-G. Suh and K. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science 359, 884–887 (2018).

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–640 (2000).
[Crossref]

M.-G. Suh, Q.-F. Yang, K. Y. Yang, X. Yi, and K. Vahala, “Microresonator soliton dual-comb spectroscopy,” Science 354, 600–603 (2016).
[Crossref]

Other (6)

M. Yu, Y. Okawachi, A. G. Griffith, N. Picqué, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based mid-infrared dual-comb spectroscopy,” arXiv:1610.01121v2 (2017).

V. Ataie, P. P. Kuo, A. Wiberg, Z. Tong, C. Huynh, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Ultrafast absolute ranging by coherent parametric comb,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OTh3D.2.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Device schematic. (a) Schematic of the four-port high-Q MRR. The waveguide core is high-index doped silica glass, which is surrounded by SiO2 cladding. (b) SEM image of the waveguide cross section with 2  μm×3  μm dimension. (c), (d) Calculated mode profiles for TE and TM modes, respectively.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Experimental measurement of the device characteristics. (a) Experimental setup for the measurement. The ECDL is a commercial tunable laser with linewidth of 100 kHz. The wavelength is swept from 1520 to 1600 nm in our measurements. The FRR comprises an optical coupler with splitting ratio of 99:1 and a segment fiber with length of 6  m. During the measurements, the polarization of the FRR is fixed to one transmission mode, which is used as a ruler to measure the FSR of the MRR. By carefully tuning PC2, the transmission traces of the TE mode and TM mode are measured, respectively. (b), (c) The transmission traces of TE mode and TM mode together with the FRR transmission traces, respectively. (d), (e) The FWHMs of the two vertically polarized modes are 114 MHz and 94 MHz, corresponding to Q-factor of 1.69×106 and 2.05×106, respectively. (f), (g) The measured dispersion curves of the two modes. The FSR of the TM mode is 38 MHz larger than that of the TE mode. ECDL, external cavity diode laser; ISO, isolator; OC, optical coupler; PC, polarization controller; PD, photodetector; MRR, micro-ring resonator; FRR, fiber ring resonator.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Schematic of the orthogonal polarized dual-comb generation experiment. EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; ISO, isolator; PC, polarization controller; MRR, micro-ring resonator; TBPF, tunable bandpass filter; OC, optical coupler; PBS, polarization beam splitter; TE, transverse electric; TM, transverse magnetic.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Experimental results of the orthogonal polarized dual comb. (a) Optical spectrum of the orthogonal polarized dual comb with over 300 nm bandwidth. The two pumps are located at around 1558 nm. (b)–(d) Enlarged drawing of the orthogonal dual comb at around wavelengths 1530, 1558, and 1590 nm, respectively. (e), (f) The optical spectra of separated TM- and TE-polarized combs.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Beating RF spectra of comb line pairs located at around 1558.8, 1567.7, 1576.7, 1585.7, and 1594. 9 nm.

Equations (1)

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ωμ=ω0+D1μ+12D2μ2+16D3μ3+,

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