Abstract

X-ray absorption spectroscopy is proposed as a method for studying the heating of solid-density matter excited by secondary X-ray radiation from a relativistic laser-produced plasma. The method was developed and applied to experiments involving thin silicon foils irradiated by 0.5–1.5 ps duration ultrahigh contrast laser pulses at intensities between 0.5×1020 and 2.5×1020  W/cm2. The electron temperature of the material at the rear side of the target is estimated to be in the range of 140–300 eV. The diagnostic approach enables the study of warm dense matter states with low self-emissivity.

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References

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  1. D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2017 (1)

S. Y. Gus’kov, N. N. Demchenko, N. V. Zmitrenko, P. A. Kuchugov, V. B. Rozanov, R. V. Stepanov, and R. A. Yakhin, “Fast ignition of asymmetrically compressed targets for inertial confinement fusion,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. Lett. 105, 402–407 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

M. A. Alkhimova, S. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, and I. Y. Skobelev, “Determination of spectral reflectivity of spherically bent mica crystals applied for diagnostics of relativistic laser plasmas,” J. Phys. 774, 012115 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

Y. S. Lavrinenko, I. V. Morozov, S. A. Pikuz, and I. Y. Skobelev, “Reflectivity and imaging capabilities of spherically bent crystals studied by ray-tracing simulations,” J. Phys. 653, 012027 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

M. Sherlock, E. G. Hill, R. G. Evans, S. J. Rose, and W. Rozmus, “In-depth plasma-wave heating of dense plasma irradiated by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 255001 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2005 (1)

R. G. Evans, E. L. Clark, R. T. Eagleton, A. M. Dunne, R. D. Edwards, W. J. Garbett, T. J. Goldsack, S. James, C. C. Smith, B. R. Thomas, R. Clarke, D. J. Neely, and S. J. Rose, “Rapid heating of solid density material by a petawatt laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 191505 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

K. Eidmann, U. Andiel, F. Pisani, P. Hakel, R. C. Mancini, G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, and K. Witte, “K-shell spectra from hot dense aluminum layers buried in carbon and heated by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 81, 133–146 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Interaction of a beam of fast electrons with solids,” Phys. Plasmas 9, 1416–1421 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. J. Rose, “The radiative opacity at the Sun centre—a code comparison study,” J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 71, 635–638 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

M. Honda, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. Pukhov, “Two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulation for magnetized transport of ultra-high relativistic currents in plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 7, 1302–1308 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

A. Saemann, K. Eidmann, I. E. Golovkin, R. C. Mancini, E. Andersson, E. Förster, and K. Witte, “Isochoric heating of solid aluminum by ultrashort laser pulses focused on a tamped target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4843–4846 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

A. R. Bell, J. R. Davies, S. Guerin, and H. Ruhl, “Fast-electron transport in high-intensity short-pulse laser—solid experiments,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 39, 653–659 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers*,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[Crossref]

Abdallah, J.

K. Eidmann, U. Andiel, F. Pisani, P. Hakel, R. C. Mancini, G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, and K. Witte, “K-shell spectra from hot dense aluminum layers buried in carbon and heated by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 81, 133–146 (2003).
[Crossref]

Alkhimova, M. A.

M. A. Alkhimova, S. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, and I. Y. Skobelev, “Determination of spectral reflectivity of spherically bent mica crystals applied for diagnostics of relativistic laser plasmas,” J. Phys. 774, 012115 (2016).
[Crossref]

Allan, P.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Andersson, E.

A. Saemann, K. Eidmann, I. E. Golovkin, R. C. Mancini, E. Andersson, E. Förster, and K. Witte, “Isochoric heating of solid aluminum by ultrashort laser pulses focused on a tamped target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4843–4846 (1999).
[Crossref]

Andiel, U.

K. Eidmann, U. Andiel, F. Pisani, P. Hakel, R. C. Mancini, G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, and K. Witte, “K-shell spectra from hot dense aluminum layers buried in carbon and heated by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 81, 133–146 (2003).
[Crossref]

Beiersdorfer, P.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bell, A. R.

A. R. Bell, J. R. Davies, S. Guerin, and H. Ruhl, “Fast-electron transport in high-intensity short-pulse laser—solid experiments,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 39, 653–659 (1997).
[Crossref]

Brookes, M. G.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brown, C. R. D.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brown, G.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bulanov, S. V.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Y. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft X-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6271–6276 (2009).
[Crossref]

Campbell, E. M.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers*,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[Crossref]

Campbell, R. B.

J. J. Macfarlane, I. E. Golovkin, P. R. Woodruff, D. R. Welch, B. V. Oliver, T. A. Melhorn, and R. B. Campbell, “Simulation of the ionization dynamics of aluminum irradiated by intense short-pulse lasers,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003 (IFSA 2003): State of the Art, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, 2004), p. 457.

Chen, H.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chung, H. K.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Clark, E. L.

R. G. Evans, E. L. Clark, R. T. Eagleton, A. M. Dunne, R. D. Edwards, W. J. Garbett, T. J. Goldsack, S. James, C. C. Smith, B. R. Thomas, R. Clarke, D. J. Neely, and S. J. Rose, “Rapid heating of solid density material by a petawatt laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 191505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Clarke, R.

R. G. Evans, E. L. Clark, R. T. Eagleton, A. M. Dunne, R. D. Edwards, W. J. Garbett, T. J. Goldsack, S. James, C. C. Smith, B. R. Thomas, R. Clarke, D. J. Neely, and S. J. Rose, “Rapid heating of solid density material by a petawatt laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 191505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Daido, H.

Dangor, A. E.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Davies, J. R.

A. R. Bell, J. R. Davies, S. Guerin, and H. Ruhl, “Fast-electron transport in high-intensity short-pulse laser—solid experiments,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 39, 653–659 (1997).
[Crossref]

Demchenko, N. N.

S. Y. Gus’kov, N. N. Demchenko, N. V. Zmitrenko, P. A. Kuchugov, V. B. Rozanov, R. V. Stepanov, and R. A. Yakhin, “Fast ignition of asymmetrically compressed targets for inertial confinement fusion,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. Lett. 105, 402–407 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dunn, J.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dunne, A. M.

R. G. Evans, E. L. Clark, R. T. Eagleton, A. M. Dunne, R. D. Edwards, W. J. Garbett, T. J. Goldsack, S. James, C. C. Smith, B. R. Thomas, R. Clarke, D. J. Neely, and S. J. Rose, “Rapid heating of solid density material by a petawatt laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 191505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Eagleton, R. T.

R. G. Evans, E. L. Clark, R. T. Eagleton, A. M. Dunne, R. D. Edwards, W. J. Garbett, T. J. Goldsack, S. James, C. C. Smith, B. R. Thomas, R. Clarke, D. J. Neely, and S. J. Rose, “Rapid heating of solid density material by a petawatt laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 191505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Edwards, R. D.

R. G. Evans, E. L. Clark, R. T. Eagleton, A. M. Dunne, R. D. Edwards, W. J. Garbett, T. J. Goldsack, S. James, C. C. Smith, B. R. Thomas, R. Clarke, D. J. Neely, and S. J. Rose, “Rapid heating of solid density material by a petawatt laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 191505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Eidmann, K.

K. Eidmann, U. Andiel, F. Pisani, P. Hakel, R. C. Mancini, G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, and K. Witte, “K-shell spectra from hot dense aluminum layers buried in carbon and heated by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 81, 133–146 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Saemann, K. Eidmann, I. E. Golovkin, R. C. Mancini, E. Andersson, E. Förster, and K. Witte, “Isochoric heating of solid aluminum by ultrashort laser pulses focused on a tamped target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4843–4846 (1999).
[Crossref]

Emig, J.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Esirkepov, T. Z.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

Evans, R. G.

M. Sherlock, E. G. Hill, R. G. Evans, S. J. Rose, and W. Rozmus, “In-depth plasma-wave heating of dense plasma irradiated by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 255001 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. G. Evans, E. L. Clark, R. T. Eagleton, A. M. Dunne, R. D. Edwards, W. J. Garbett, T. J. Goldsack, S. James, C. C. Smith, B. R. Thomas, R. Clarke, D. J. Neely, and S. J. Rose, “Rapid heating of solid density material by a petawatt laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 191505 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Faenov, A. Y.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Alkhimova, S. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, and I. Y. Skobelev, “Determination of spectral reflectivity of spherically bent mica crystals applied for diagnostics of relativistic laser plasmas,” J. Phys. 774, 012115 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Y. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft X-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6271–6276 (2009).
[Crossref]

Förster, E.

A. Saemann, K. Eidmann, I. E. Golovkin, R. C. Mancini, E. Andersson, E. Förster, and K. Witte, “Isochoric heating of solid aluminum by ultrashort laser pulses focused on a tamped target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4843–4846 (1999).
[Crossref]

Fritzsche, S.

D. Wu, X. T. He, W. Yu, and S. Fritzsche, “Particle-in-cell simulations of laser-plasma interactions at solid densities and relativistic intensities: the role of atomic processes,” arXiv: 1703.05127 (2017).

Fujita, H.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Fukuda, Y.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Y. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft X-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6271–6276 (2009).
[Crossref]

Garbett, W. J.

R. G. Evans, E. L. Clark, R. T. Eagleton, A. M. Dunne, R. D. Edwards, W. J. Garbett, T. J. Goldsack, S. James, C. C. Smith, B. R. Thomas, R. Clarke, D. J. Neely, and S. J. Rose, “Rapid heating of solid density material by a petawatt laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 191505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gasilov, S. V.

Glinsky, M. E.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers*,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[Crossref]

Goldsack, T. J.

R. G. Evans, E. L. Clark, R. T. Eagleton, A. M. Dunne, R. D. Edwards, W. J. Garbett, T. J. Goldsack, S. James, C. C. Smith, B. R. Thomas, R. Clarke, D. J. Neely, and S. J. Rose, “Rapid heating of solid density material by a petawatt laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 191505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Golovkin, I. E.

A. Saemann, K. Eidmann, I. E. Golovkin, R. C. Mancini, E. Andersson, E. Förster, and K. Witte, “Isochoric heating of solid aluminum by ultrashort laser pulses focused on a tamped target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4843–4846 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. J. Macfarlane, I. E. Golovkin, P. R. Woodruff, D. R. Welch, B. V. Oliver, T. A. Melhorn, and R. B. Campbell, “Simulation of the ionization dynamics of aluminum irradiated by intense short-pulse lasers,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003 (IFSA 2003): State of the Art, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, 2004), p. 457.

Guerin, S.

A. R. Bell, J. R. Davies, S. Guerin, and H. Ruhl, “Fast-electron transport in high-intensity short-pulse laser—solid experiments,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 39, 653–659 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gus’kov, S. Y.

S. Y. Gus’kov, N. N. Demchenko, N. V. Zmitrenko, P. A. Kuchugov, V. B. Rozanov, R. V. Stepanov, and R. A. Yakhin, “Fast ignition of asymmetrically compressed targets for inertial confinement fusion,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. Lett. 105, 402–407 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hakel, P.

K. Eidmann, U. Andiel, F. Pisani, P. Hakel, R. C. Mancini, G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, and K. Witte, “K-shell spectra from hot dense aluminum layers buried in carbon and heated by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 81, 133–146 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hammer, J.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers*,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[Crossref]

Harris, J. W. O.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hayashi, Y.

He, X. T.

D. Wu, X. T. He, W. Yu, and S. Fritzsche, “Particle-in-cell simulations of laser-plasma interactions at solid densities and relativistic intensities: the role of atomic processes,” arXiv: 1703.05127 (2017).

Hill, E. G.

M. Sherlock, E. G. Hill, R. G. Evans, S. J. Rose, and W. Rozmus, “In-depth plasma-wave heating of dense plasma irradiated by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 255001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hill, M. P.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hoarty, D. J.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hobbs, L. M. R.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Homma, T.

Honda, M.

M. Honda, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. Pukhov, “Two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulation for magnetized transport of ultra-high relativistic currents in plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 7, 1302–1308 (2000).
[Crossref]

Imai, K.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

James, S.

R. G. Evans, E. L. Clark, R. T. Eagleton, A. M. Dunne, R. D. Edwards, W. J. Garbett, T. J. Goldsack, S. James, C. C. Smith, B. R. Thomas, R. Clarke, D. J. Neely, and S. J. Rose, “Rapid heating of solid density material by a petawatt laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 191505 (2005).
[Crossref]

James, S. F.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Junkel-Vives, G. C.

K. Eidmann, U. Andiel, F. Pisani, P. Hakel, R. C. Mancini, G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, and K. Witte, “K-shell spectra from hot dense aluminum layers buried in carbon and heated by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 81, 133–146 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kanasaki, M.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kando, M.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Y. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft X-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6271–6276 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kato, Y.

Kawachi, T.

Kawase, K.

Kiriyama, H.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kitagawa, Y.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kodama, R.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kondo, K.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kotaki, H.

Koura, H.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kruer, W. L.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers*,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[Crossref]

Krushelnick, K.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kuchugov, P. A.

S. Y. Gus’kov, N. N. Demchenko, N. V. Zmitrenko, P. A. Kuchugov, V. B. Rozanov, R. V. Stepanov, and R. A. Yakhin, “Fast ignition of asymmetrically compressed targets for inertial confinement fusion,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. Lett. 105, 402–407 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lavrinenko, Y. S.

Y. S. Lavrinenko, I. V. Morozov, S. A. Pikuz, and I. Y. Skobelev, “Reflectivity and imaging capabilities of spherically bent crystals studied by ray-tracing simulations,” J. Phys. 653, 012027 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, R. W.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Macfarlane, J. J.

J. J. Macfarlane, I. E. Golovkin, P. R. Woodruff, D. R. Welch, B. V. Oliver, T. A. Melhorn, and R. B. Campbell, “Simulation of the ionization dynamics of aluminum irradiated by intense short-pulse lasers,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003 (IFSA 2003): State of the Art, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, 2004), p. 457.

Mancini, R. C.

K. Eidmann, U. Andiel, F. Pisani, P. Hakel, R. C. Mancini, G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, and K. Witte, “K-shell spectra from hot dense aluminum layers buried in carbon and heated by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 81, 133–146 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Saemann, K. Eidmann, I. E. Golovkin, R. C. Mancini, E. Andersson, E. Förster, and K. Witte, “Isochoric heating of solid aluminum by ultrashort laser pulses focused on a tamped target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4843–4846 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mason, R. J.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers*,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[Crossref]

Melhorn, T. A.

J. J. Macfarlane, I. E. Golovkin, P. R. Woodruff, D. R. Welch, B. V. Oliver, T. A. Melhorn, and R. B. Campbell, “Simulation of the ionization dynamics of aluminum irradiated by intense short-pulse lasers,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003 (IFSA 2003): State of the Art, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, 2004), p. 457.

Meyer-ter-Vehn, J.

M. Honda, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. Pukhov, “Two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulation for magnetized transport of ultra-high relativistic currents in plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 7, 1302–1308 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mima, K.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Miyakoshi, T.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Miyanaga, N.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Morozov, I. V.

Y. S. Lavrinenko, I. V. Morozov, S. A. Pikuz, and I. Y. Skobelev, “Reflectivity and imaging capabilities of spherically bent crystals studied by ray-tracing simulations,” J. Phys. 653, 012027 (2015).
[Crossref]

Morton, J.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nagamiya, S.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

Neely, D. J.

R. G. Evans, E. L. Clark, R. T. Eagleton, A. M. Dunne, R. D. Edwards, W. J. Garbett, T. J. Goldsack, S. James, C. C. Smith, B. R. Thomas, R. Clarke, D. J. Neely, and S. J. Rose, “Rapid heating of solid density material by a petawatt laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 191505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nishio, K.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nishiuchi, M.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

Norimatsu, T.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Norreys, P. A.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ogura, K.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

Oliver, B. V.

J. J. Macfarlane, I. E. Golovkin, P. R. Woodruff, D. R. Welch, B. V. Oliver, T. A. Melhorn, and R. B. Campbell, “Simulation of the ionization dynamics of aluminum irradiated by intense short-pulse lasers,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003 (IFSA 2003): State of the Art, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, 2004), p. 457.

Orlandi, R.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

Perry, M. D.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers*,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[Crossref]

Pikuz, S. A.

M. A. Alkhimova, S. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, and I. Y. Skobelev, “Determination of spectral reflectivity of spherically bent mica crystals applied for diagnostics of relativistic laser plasmas,” J. Phys. 774, 012115 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. S. Lavrinenko, I. V. Morozov, S. A. Pikuz, and I. Y. Skobelev, “Reflectivity and imaging capabilities of spherically bent crystals studied by ray-tracing simulations,” J. Phys. 653, 012027 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pikuz, T. A.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Y. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft X-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6271–6276 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pirozhkov, A. S.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pisani, F.

K. Eidmann, U. Andiel, F. Pisani, P. Hakel, R. C. Mancini, G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, and K. Witte, “K-shell spectra from hot dense aluminum layers buried in carbon and heated by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 81, 133–146 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pukhov, A.

M. Honda, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. Pukhov, “Two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulation for magnetized transport of ultra-high relativistic currents in plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 7, 1302–1308 (2000).
[Crossref]

Rose, S. J.

M. Sherlock, E. G. Hill, R. G. Evans, S. J. Rose, and W. Rozmus, “In-depth plasma-wave heating of dense plasma irradiated by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 255001 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. G. Evans, E. L. Clark, R. T. Eagleton, A. M. Dunne, R. D. Edwards, W. J. Garbett, T. J. Goldsack, S. James, C. C. Smith, B. R. Thomas, R. Clarke, D. J. Neely, and S. J. Rose, “Rapid heating of solid density material by a petawatt laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 191505 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. J. Rose, “The radiative opacity at the Sun centre—a code comparison study,” J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 71, 635–638 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rozanov, V. B.

S. Y. Gus’kov, N. N. Demchenko, N. V. Zmitrenko, P. A. Kuchugov, V. B. Rozanov, R. V. Stepanov, and R. A. Yakhin, “Fast ignition of asymmetrically compressed targets for inertial confinement fusion,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. Lett. 105, 402–407 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rozmus, W.

M. Sherlock, E. G. Hill, R. G. Evans, S. J. Rose, and W. Rozmus, “In-depth plasma-wave heating of dense plasma irradiated by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 255001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ruhl, H.

A. R. Bell, J. R. Davies, S. Guerin, and H. Ruhl, “Fast-electron transport in high-intensity short-pulse laser—solid experiments,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 39, 653–659 (1997).
[Crossref]

Saemann, A.

A. Saemann, K. Eidmann, I. E. Golovkin, R. C. Mancini, E. Andersson, E. Förster, and K. Witte, “Isochoric heating of solid aluminum by ultrashort laser pulses focused on a tamped target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4843–4846 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sagisaka, A.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sakaki, H.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shepherd, R.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sherlock, M.

M. Sherlock, E. G. Hill, R. G. Evans, S. J. Rose, and W. Rozmus, “In-depth plasma-wave heating of dense plasma irradiated by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 255001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shigemori, K.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shozaki, T.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Skobelev, I. Y.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Alkhimova, S. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, and I. Y. Skobelev, “Determination of spectral reflectivity of spherically bent mica crystals applied for diagnostics of relativistic laser plasmas,” J. Phys. 774, 012115 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. S. Lavrinenko, I. V. Morozov, S. A. Pikuz, and I. Y. Skobelev, “Reflectivity and imaging capabilities of spherically bent crystals studied by ray-tracing simulations,” J. Phys. 653, 012027 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Y. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft X-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6271–6276 (2009).
[Crossref]

Smith, C. C.

R. G. Evans, E. L. Clark, R. T. Eagleton, A. M. Dunne, R. D. Edwards, W. J. Garbett, T. J. Goldsack, S. James, C. C. Smith, B. R. Thomas, R. Clarke, D. J. Neely, and S. J. Rose, “Rapid heating of solid density material by a petawatt laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 191505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, R. V.

S. Y. Gus’kov, N. N. Demchenko, N. V. Zmitrenko, P. A. Kuchugov, V. B. Rozanov, R. V. Stepanov, and R. A. Yakhin, “Fast ignition of asymmetrically compressed targets for inertial confinement fusion,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. Lett. 105, 402–407 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sunahara, A.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tabak, M.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers*,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[Crossref]

Tampo, M.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, K. A.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Thomas, B. R.

R. G. Evans, E. L. Clark, R. T. Eagleton, A. M. Dunne, R. D. Edwards, W. J. Garbett, T. J. Goldsack, S. James, C. C. Smith, B. R. Thomas, R. Clarke, D. J. Neely, and S. J. Rose, “Rapid heating of solid density material by a petawatt laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 191505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tikhonchuk, V. T.

V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Interaction of a beam of fast electrons with solids,” Phys. Plasmas 9, 1416–1421 (2002).
[Crossref]

Toyama, Y.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Von Marley, E.

D. J. Hoarty, P. Allan, S. F. James, C. R. D. Brown, L. M. R. Hobbs, M. P. Hill, J. W. O. Harris, J. Morton, M. G. Brookes, R. Shepherd, J. Dunn, H. Chen, E. Von Marley, P. Beiersdorfer, H. K. Chung, R. W. Lee, G. Brown, and J. Emig, “Observations of the effect of ionization-potential depression in hot dense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 265003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, Y.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

Welch, D. R.

J. J. Macfarlane, I. E. Golovkin, P. R. Woodruff, D. R. Welch, B. V. Oliver, T. A. Melhorn, and R. B. Campbell, “Simulation of the ionization dynamics of aluminum irradiated by intense short-pulse lasers,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003 (IFSA 2003): State of the Art, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, 2004), p. 457.

Wilks, S. C.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers*,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[Crossref]

Witte, K.

K. Eidmann, U. Andiel, F. Pisani, P. Hakel, R. C. Mancini, G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, and K. Witte, “K-shell spectra from hot dense aluminum layers buried in carbon and heated by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 81, 133–146 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Saemann, K. Eidmann, I. E. Golovkin, R. C. Mancini, E. Andersson, E. Förster, and K. Witte, “Isochoric heating of solid aluminum by ultrashort laser pulses focused on a tamped target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4843–4846 (1999).
[Crossref]

Woodruff, P. R.

J. J. Macfarlane, I. E. Golovkin, P. R. Woodruff, D. R. Welch, B. V. Oliver, T. A. Melhorn, and R. B. Campbell, “Simulation of the ionization dynamics of aluminum irradiated by intense short-pulse lasers,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications 2003 (IFSA 2003): State of the Art, B. A. Hammel, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and H. Azechi, eds. (American Nuclear Society, 2004), p. 457.

Woodworth, J.

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers*,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wu, D.

D. Wu, X. T. He, W. Yu, and S. Fritzsche, “Particle-in-cell simulations of laser-plasma interactions at solid densities and relativistic intensities: the role of atomic processes,” arXiv: 1703.05127 (2017).

Yakhin, R. A.

S. Y. Gus’kov, N. N. Demchenko, N. V. Zmitrenko, P. A. Kuchugov, V. B. Rozanov, R. V. Stepanov, and R. A. Yakhin, “Fast ignition of asymmetrically compressed targets for inertial confinement fusion,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. Lett. 105, 402–407 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yamanaka, T.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yamauchi, T.

M. Nishiuchi, H. Sakaki, T. Z. Esirkepov, K. Nishio, T. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, I. Y. Skobelev, R. Orlandi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, K. Ogura, M. Kanasaki, H. Kiriyama, Y. Fukuda, H. Koura, M. Kando, T. Yamauchi, Y. Watanabe, S. V. Bulanov, K. Kondo, K. Imai, and S. Nagamiya, “Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology,” Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 327–337 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yu, W.

D. Wu, X. T. He, W. Yu, and S. Fritzsche, “Particle-in-cell simulations of laser-plasma interactions at solid densities and relativistic intensities: the role of atomic processes,” arXiv: 1703.05127 (2017).

Zepf, M.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zmitrenko, N. V.

S. Y. Gus’kov, N. N. Demchenko, N. V. Zmitrenko, P. A. Kuchugov, V. B. Rozanov, R. V. Stepanov, and R. A. Yakhin, “Fast ignition of asymmetrically compressed targets for inertial confinement fusion,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. Lett. 105, 402–407 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. G. Evans, E. L. Clark, R. T. Eagleton, A. M. Dunne, R. D. Edwards, W. J. Garbett, T. J. Goldsack, S. James, C. C. Smith, B. R. Thomas, R. Clarke, D. J. Neely, and S. J. Rose, “Rapid heating of solid density material by a petawatt laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 191505 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Exp. Theor. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Y. Gus’kov, N. N. Demchenko, N. V. Zmitrenko, P. A. Kuchugov, V. B. Rozanov, R. V. Stepanov, and R. A. Yakhin, “Fast ignition of asymmetrically compressed targets for inertial confinement fusion,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. Lett. 105, 402–407 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. (2)

Y. S. Lavrinenko, I. V. Morozov, S. A. Pikuz, and I. Y. Skobelev, “Reflectivity and imaging capabilities of spherically bent crystals studied by ray-tracing simulations,” J. Phys. 653, 012027 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. A. Alkhimova, S. A. Pikuz, A. Y. Faenov, and I. Y. Skobelev, “Determination of spectral reflectivity of spherically bent mica crystals applied for diagnostics of relativistic laser plasmas,” J. Phys. 774, 012115 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

K. Eidmann, U. Andiel, F. Pisani, P. Hakel, R. C. Mancini, G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, and K. Witte, “K-shell spectra from hot dense aluminum layers buried in carbon and heated by ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 81, 133–146 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

S. J. Rose, “The radiative opacity at the Sun centre—a code comparison study,” J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 71, 635–638 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412, 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Phys. Plasmas (3)

M. Tabak, J. Hammer, M. E. Glinsky, W. L. Kruer, S. C. Wilks, J. Woodworth, E. M. Campbell, M. D. Perry, and R. J. Mason, “Ignition and high gain with ultrapowerful lasers*,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626–1634 (1994).
[Crossref]

V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Interaction of a beam of fast electrons with solids,” Phys. Plasmas 9, 1416–1421 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Honda, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. Pukhov, “Two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulation for magnetized transport of ultra-high relativistic currents in plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 7, 1302–1308 (2000).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental layout showing the division of single material target split into Layers A and B and the location of the front and rear spectrometers.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Spectral transmission PB(λ) calculated for different temperatures and constant plasma layer thickness of dB=10  μm.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. X-ray spectra measured from the rear sides of Si foil targets with different thicknesses (black thin lines) and best fit modeled (thick purple lines) for temperatures Te,B from 140 to 330 eV and absorbing plasma layer thickness dB=5  μm. Spectral calculations at temperatures that differ from the best-fit value are shown by the thin blue lines and indicate the uncertainty in the current method.

Equations (1)

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Sr(λ)=SB(λ)+PB(λ)Sf(λ),

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