Abstract

Unlike a traditional fiber laser with a defined resonant cavity, a random fiber laser (RFL), whose operation is based on distributed feedback and gain via Rayleigh scattering (RS) and stimulated Raman scattering in a long passive fiber, has fundamental scientific challenges in pulsing operation for its remarkable cavity-free feature. For the time being, stable pulsed RFL utilizing a passive method has not been reported. Here, we propose and experimentally realize the passive spatiotemporal gain-modulation-induced stable pulsing operation of counterpumped RFL. Thanks to the good temporal stability of an employed pumping amplified spontaneous emission source and the superiority of this pulse generation scheme, a stable and regular pulse train can be obtained. Furthermore, the pump hysteresis and bistability phenomena with the generation of high-order Stokes light is presented, and the dynamics of pulsing operation is discussed after the theoretical investigation of the counterpumped RFL. This work extends our comprehension of temporal property of RFL and paves an effective novel avenue for the exploration of pulsed RFL with structural simplicity, low cost, and stable output.

© 2017 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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2017 (3)

2016 (11)

E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. D. Vatnik, and S. A. Babin, “Frequency doubling of Raman fiber lasers with random distributed feedback,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1439–1442 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, Y. Song, X. Zeng, R. Ma, Z. Yang, and Y. Rao, “Temperature-controlled mode selection of Er-doped random fiber laser with disordered Bragg gratings,” Photon. Res. 4, 102–105 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Xu, J. Ye, H. Xiao, J. Leng, J. Wu, H. Zhang, and P. Zhou, “Narrow-linewidth Q-switched random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24, 19203–19210 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Jin, Z. Lou, H. Zhang, J. Xu, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser at 2.1  μm,” Opt. Lett. 41, 4923–4926 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Shang, M. Shen, P. Wang, X. Li, and X. Xu, “Amplified random fiber laser-pumped mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 14, 121901 (2016).

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a Bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30083 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Du, H. Zhang, H. Xiao, P. Ma, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “High-power random distributed feedback fiber laser: from science to application,” Ann. Der Phys. 528, 649–662 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22625 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Wu, Z. Wang, Q. He, M. Fan, Y. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 055101 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. M. Wang, W. Lin, W. C. Chen, C. Li, C. S. Yang, T. Qiao, and Z. M. Yang, “Low-threshold and multiwavelength Q-switched random erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 9, 032701 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Ma, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, Z. Yang, Y. Rao, B. Yao, C. Yu, Y. Wu, and S. Yu, “Quasi mode-locking of coherent feedback random fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 39703 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Du, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Hundred-Watt level high power random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser at 1150  nm and its application in mid-infrared laser generation,” Opt. Express 23, 17138–17144 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Du, H. Zhang, P. Ma, H. Xiao, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “Kilowatt-level fiber amplifier with spectral broadening-free property, seeded by a random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5311–5314 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Tang and J. Xu, “A random Q-switched fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9338 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Yao, Y. Rao, Z. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Fan, X. Cao, W. Zhang, Y. Chen, Y. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. G. Kuznetsov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Actively Q-switched Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 035102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 0900506 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

H. Zhang, H. Xiao, P. Zhou, X. Wang, and X. Xu, “Random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser with short cavity and its temporal properties,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1605–1608 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542, 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

2012 (1)

N. Bachelard, J. Andreasen, S. Gigan, and P. Sebbah, “Taming random lasers through active spatial control of the pump,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033903 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

M. Leonetti, C. Conti, and C. Lopez, “The mode-locking transition of random lasers,” Nat. Photonics 5, 615–617 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Churkin, S. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2004 (2)

B. Burgoyne, N. Godbout, and S. Lacroix, “Transient regime in a nth-order cascaded CW Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Express 12, 1019–1024 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Ravet, A. A. Fotiadi, M. Blondel, and P. Mégret, “Passive Q-switching in all-fibre Raman laser with distributed Rayleigh feedback,” Electron. Lett. 40, 528–529 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2000 (2)

A. K. Komarov and K. P. Komarov, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passive mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 62, R7607–R7610 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173–1185 (2000).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

E. P. Ippen, “Principles of passive mode locking,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 159–170 (1994).
[Crossref]

Andreasen, J.

N. Bachelard, J. Andreasen, S. Gigan, and P. Sebbah, “Taming random lasers through active spatial control of the pump,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033903 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

D. Churkin, S. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Babin, S.

D. Churkin, S. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Babin, S. A.

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a Bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30083 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. D. Vatnik, and S. A. Babin, “Frequency doubling of Raman fiber lasers with random distributed feedback,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1439–1442 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22625 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. G. Kuznetsov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Actively Q-switched Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 035102 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542, 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bachelard, N.

N. Bachelard, J. Andreasen, S. Gigan, and P. Sebbah, “Taming random lasers through active spatial control of the pump,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033903 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bao, X.

T. Zhu, F. Chen, S. Huang, and X. Bao, “An ultra-narrow linewidth fiber laser based on Rayleigh backscattering in a tapered optical fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055110 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Pang, X. Bao, and L. Chen, “Observation of narrow linewidth spikes in the coherent Brillouin random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38, 1866–1868 (2013).
[Crossref]

Blondel, M.

G. Ravet, A. A. Fotiadi, M. Blondel, and P. Mégret, “Passive Q-switching in all-fibre Raman laser with distributed Rayleigh feedback,” Electron. Lett. 40, 528–529 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bravo, M.

Burgoyne, B.

Cao, X.

B. Yao, Y. Rao, Z. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Fan, X. Cao, W. Zhang, Y. Chen, Y. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chang, J. S.

Chen, F.

T. Zhu, F. Chen, S. Huang, and X. Bao, “An ultra-narrow linewidth fiber laser based on Rayleigh backscattering in a tapered optical fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Chen, W. C.

S. M. Wang, W. Lin, W. C. Chen, C. Li, C. S. Yang, T. Qiao, and Z. M. Yang, “Low-threshold and multiwavelength Q-switched random erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 9, 032701 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

B. Yao, Y. Rao, Z. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Fan, X. Cao, W. Zhang, Y. Chen, Y. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref]

Churkin, D.

B. Yao, Y. Rao, Z. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Fan, X. Cao, W. Zhang, Y. Chen, Y. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Churkin, S. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Churkin, D. V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542, 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, and D. V. Churkin, “Narrow-band generation in random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21, 16466–16472 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. V. Lanin, S. V. Sergeyev, D. Nasiev, D. V. Churkin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “On-off and multistate intermittencies in cascaded random distributed feedback fibre laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics-International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper IG_P_18.

Clarkson, W. A.

Conti, C.

M. Leonetti, C. Conti, and C. Lopez, “The mode-locking transition of random lasers,” Nat. Photonics 5, 615–617 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cui, S.

L. Zhang, H. Jiang, X. Yang, W. Pan, S. Cui, and Y. Feng, “Nearly-octave wavelength tuning of a continuous wave fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42611 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a Bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30083 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dontsova, E. I.

Du, X.

El-Taher, A. E.

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Churkin, S. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Eogrov, O.

Fan, M.

H. Wu, Z. Wang, Q. He, M. Fan, Y. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 055101 (2016).
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S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 021805 (2011).
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S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 231–235 (2010).
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E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. D. Vatnik, and S. A. Babin, “Frequency doubling of Raman fiber lasers with random distributed feedback,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1439–1442 (2016).
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S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22625 (2016).
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S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 231–235 (2010).
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S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 231–235 (2010).
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H. Wu, Z. Wang, Q. He, M. Fan, Y. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 055101 (2016).
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H. Wu, Z. Wang, Q. He, M. Fan, Y. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 055101 (2016).
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S. M. Wang, W. Lin, W. C. Chen, C. Li, C. S. Yang, T. Qiao, and Z. M. Yang, “Low-threshold and multiwavelength Q-switched random erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 9, 032701 (2016).
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I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a Bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30083 (2016).
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S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542, 133–193 (2014).
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L. Zhang, H. Jiang, X. Yang, W. Pan, S. Cui, and Y. Feng, “Nearly-octave wavelength tuning of a continuous wave fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42611 (2017).
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D. Churkin, S. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033828 (2010).
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I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a Bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30083 (2016).
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S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22625 (2016).
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S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 021805 (2011).
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S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 231–235 (2010).
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H. Wu, Z. Wang, Q. He, M. Fan, Y. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 055101 (2016).
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W. Zhang, Y. Song, X. Zeng, R. Ma, Z. Yang, and Y. Rao, “Temperature-controlled mode selection of Er-doped random fiber laser with disordered Bragg gratings,” Photon. Res. 4, 102–105 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Ma, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, Z. Yang, Y. Rao, B. Yao, C. Yu, Y. Wu, and S. Yu, “Quasi mode-locking of coherent feedback random fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 39703 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 0900506 (2015).
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G. Ravet, A. A. Fotiadi, M. Blondel, and P. Mégret, “Passive Q-switching in all-fibre Raman laser with distributed Rayleigh feedback,” Electron. Lett. 40, 528–529 (2004).
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N. Bachelard, J. Andreasen, S. Gigan, and P. Sebbah, “Taming random lasers through active spatial control of the pump,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033903 (2012).
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A. V. Lanin, S. V. Sergeyev, D. Nasiev, D. V. Churkin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “On-off and multistate intermittencies in cascaded random distributed feedback fibre laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics-International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper IG_P_18.

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I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a Bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30083 (2016).
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S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542, 133–193 (2014).
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A. V. Lanin, S. V. Sergeyev, D. Nasiev, D. V. Churkin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “On-off and multistate intermittencies in cascaded random distributed feedback fibre laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics-International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper IG_P_18.

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E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. D. Vatnik, and S. A. Babin, “Frequency doubling of Raman fiber lasers with random distributed feedback,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1439–1442 (2016).
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S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542, 133–193 (2014).
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W. Zhang, Y. Song, X. Zeng, R. Ma, Z. Yang, and Y. Rao, “Temperature-controlled mode selection of Er-doped random fiber laser with disordered Bragg gratings,” Photon. Res. 4, 102–105 (2016).
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H. Wu, Z. Wang, Q. He, M. Fan, Y. Li, W. Sun, L. Zhang, Y. Li, and Y. Rao, “Polarization-modulated random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 055101 (2016).
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R. Ma, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, Z. Yang, Y. Rao, B. Yao, C. Yu, Y. Wu, and S. Yu, “Quasi mode-locking of coherent feedback random fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 39703 (2016).
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[Crossref]

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 0900506 (2015).
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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

X. Du, H. Zhang, P. Ma, H. Xiao, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “Kilowatt-level fiber amplifier with spectral broadening-free property, seeded by a random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5311–5314 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Du, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Hundred-Watt level high power random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser at 1150  nm and its application in mid-infrared laser generation,” Opt. Express 23, 17138–17144 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, H. Xiao, P. Zhou, X. Wang, and X. Xu, “Random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser with short cavity and its temporal properties,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1605–1608 (2014).
[Crossref]

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S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22625 (2016).
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[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Zhang, H. Xiao, P. Zhou, X. Wang, and X. Xu, “Random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser with short cavity and its temporal properties,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1605–1608 (2014).
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Laser Phys. Lett. (3)

T. Zhu, F. Chen, S. Huang, and X. Bao, “An ultra-narrow linewidth fiber laser based on Rayleigh backscattering in a tapered optical fiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055110 (2013).
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Sci. Rep. (6)

B. Yao, Y. Rao, Z. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Fan, X. Cao, W. Zhang, Y. Chen, Y. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 18526 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Tang and J. Xu, “A random Q-switched fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9338 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Ma, W. Zhang, X. Zeng, Z. Yang, Y. Rao, B. Yao, C. Yu, Y. Wu, and S. Yu, “Quasi mode-locking of coherent feedback random fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6, 39703 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, H. Jiang, X. Yang, W. Pan, S. Cui, and Y. Feng, “Nearly-octave wavelength tuning of a continuous wave fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42611 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a Bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30083 (2016).
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S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 22625 (2016).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

A. V. Lanin, S. V. Sergeyev, D. Nasiev, D. V. Churkin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “On-off and multistate intermittencies in cascaded random distributed feedback fibre laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics-International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper IG_P_18.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the counterpumped RFL. Cir, circulator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Power and spectrum characteristics of the counterpumped RFL. (a) Corresponding power of first- and second-order Stokes light as functions of pump power. (b) Output spectra at different pump levels.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Temporal characteristics of output pulse. Signals of output first-order Stokes light at (a) 5.36 and (b) 6.51 W pump powers. (c) Shapes of output first- and second-order Stokes light at 12.75 W pump level. (d) Evolution of period as function of pump power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

RF spectra of (a) first-order Stokes light and (c) second-order Stokes light around fundamental repetition frequency with a resolution of 20 Hz. Long-time recording of RF spectra of (b) first-order Stokes light and (d) second-order Stokes light in the range of 0–1 MHz with a resolution of 200 Hz and length of 100 s.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Calculated (a) output pulse and (b) pulsation period.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Spatiotemporal distributions of pump light and Stokes light at threshold of first-order Stokes light. Insertion graphs of (a) present the temporal evolution of backward pump power at three different locations. (a) Backward pump power. (b) Forward pump power. (c) Backward Stokes power. (d) Forward Stokes power.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Parameters for the Numerical Calculations

Equations (4)

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dP0±dz±1vg0dP0±dt=λ1λ0gR1(P1++P1+4hν1Δν1B1)P0±α0P0±±ϵ0P0,
dP1±dz±1vg1dP0±dt=±gR1(P0++P0)(P1±+2hν1Δν1B1±ϵ0P1)λ2λ1gR2(P2++P2+4hν2Δν2B2)P1±α1P1±,
dP2±dz±1vg2dP2±dt=gR2(P1++P1)(P2±+2hν2Δν2B2)α2P2±,
Bj=1+1exp[h(νjνj1)kBT]1(j=1,2),

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