Abstract

This paper reports a coherent random microcavity laser that consists of a disordered cladding (scattering) layer and a light-amplification core filled with dye solution. Cold cavity analysis indicates that the random resonance modes supported by the proposed cavity can be effectively excited. With introducing the gain material, random lasing by specific modes is observed to show typical features of coherent random lasers, such as spatially incoherent emission of random modes. By inserting a metal nanoparticle into the gain region, emission wavelength/intensity of the random lasers can be considerably tuned by changing the position of the inserted nanoparticle, opening up new avenues for controlling output of random lasers and sensing applications (e.g., small particle identification, location, etc.).

© 2017 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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    [Crossref]
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2016 (4)

X. Du, H. Zhang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “Short cavity-length random fiber laser with record power and ultrahigh efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 41, 571–574 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. W. Merrill, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Fluctuations and correlations of emission from random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 021801 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Sarma, A. G. Yamilov, S. Petrenko, Y. Bromberg, and H. Cao, “Control of energy density inside a disordered medium by coupling to open or closed channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 086803 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. L. Zhang, M. Y. Zheng, R. Ma, C. Y. Gong, Z. J. Yang, G. D. Peng, and Y. J. Rao, “Fiber-type random laser based on a cylindrical waveguide with a disordered cladding layer,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26473 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

2014 (1)

J. Liu, P. D. García, S. Ek, N. Gregersen, T. Suhr, M. Schubert, J. Mørk, S. Stobbe, and P. Lodahl, “Random nanolasing in the Anderson localized regime,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 285–289 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

H. K. Liang, B. Meng, G. Liang, J. Tao, Y. Chong, Q. J. Wang, and Y. Zhang, “Electrically pumped mid-infrared random laser,” Adv. Mater. 25, 6859–6863 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, Z. X. Yang, Z. N. Wang, and X. H. Jia, “Low threshold 2nd-order random lasing of a fiber laser with a half-opened cavity,” Opt. Express 20, 14400–14405 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Bhaktha, N. Bachelard, X. Noblin, and P. Sebbah, “Optofluidic random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151101 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

X. Li, S. Yu, and A. Kumar, “A surface-emitting distributed-feedback plasmonic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141114 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4, 359–367 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

C. J. S. de Matos, L. S. de Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

E. S. P. Leong, S. F. Yu, and S. P. Lau, “Directional edge-emitting UV random laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 221109 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

H. Cao, “Review on latest developments in random lasers with coherent feedback,” J. Phys. A 38, 10497–10535 (2005).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

Andreasen, J.

Antenucci, F.

F. Antenucci, A. Crisanti, and L. Leuzzi, “The glassy random laser: replica symmetry breaking in the intensity fluctuations of emission spectra,” arXiv:1412.8748 (2014).

Asatryan, A. A.

Babin, S.

Babin, S. A.

Bachelard, N.

B. Bhaktha, N. Bachelard, X. Noblin, and P. Sebbah, “Optofluidic random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bhaktha, B.

B. Bhaktha, N. Bachelard, X. Noblin, and P. Sebbah, “Optofluidic random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bohren, C. F.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).

Botten, L. C.

Brito-Silva, A. M.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. S. de Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bromberg, Y.

R. Sarma, A. G. Yamilov, S. Petrenko, Y. Bromberg, and H. Cao, “Control of energy density inside a disordered medium by coupling to open or closed channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 086803 (2016).
[Crossref]

Byrne, M. A.

Cao, H.

R. Sarma, A. G. Yamilov, S. Petrenko, Y. Bromberg, and H. Cao, “Control of energy density inside a disordered medium by coupling to open or closed channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 086803 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. W. Merrill, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Fluctuations and correlations of emission from random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 021801 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Andreasen, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, M. A. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 88–127 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Cao, “Review on latest developments in random lasers with coherent feedback,” J. Phys. A 38, 10497–10535 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chang, R. P. H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chong, Y.

H. K. Liang, B. Meng, G. Liang, J. Tao, Y. Chong, Q. J. Wang, and Y. Zhang, “Electrically pumped mid-infrared random laser,” Adv. Mater. 25, 6859–6863 (2013).
[Crossref]

Churkin, D. V.

Consoli, A.

A. Consoli and C. López, “Decoupling gain and feedback in coherent random lasers: experiments and simulations,” Sci. Rep. 5, 16848 (2015).
[Crossref]

Crisanti, A.

F. Antenucci, A. Crisanti, and L. Leuzzi, “The glassy random laser: replica symmetry breaking in the intensity fluctuations of emission spectra,” arXiv:1412.8748 (2014).

de Araújo, C. B.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. S. de Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

de Matos, C. J. S.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. S. de Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

de Menezes, L. S.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. S. de Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Du, X.

Dufresne, E. R.

J. W. Merrill, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Fluctuations and correlations of emission from random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 021801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ek, S.

J. Liu, P. D. García, S. Ek, N. Gregersen, T. Suhr, M. Schubert, J. Mørk, S. Stobbe, and P. Lodahl, “Random nanolasing in the Anderson localized regime,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 285–289 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fu, Q.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gámez, M. A. M.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. S. de Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

García, P. D.

J. Liu, P. D. García, S. Ek, N. Gregersen, T. Suhr, M. Schubert, J. Mørk, S. Stobbe, and P. Lodahl, “Random nanolasing in the Anderson localized regime,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 285–289 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ge, L.

Gomes, A. S. L.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. S. de Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gong, C. Y.

W. L. Zhang, M. Y. Zheng, R. Ma, C. Y. Gong, Z. J. Yang, G. D. Peng, and Y. J. Rao, “Fiber-type random laser based on a cylindrical waveguide with a disordered cladding layer,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26473 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gregersen, N.

J. Liu, P. D. García, S. Ek, N. Gregersen, T. Suhr, M. Schubert, J. Mørk, S. Stobbe, and P. Lodahl, “Random nanolasing in the Anderson localized regime,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 285–289 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ho, S. T.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hu, Z.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huffman, D. R.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).

Jia, X. H.

Kablukov, S. I.

Kim, Y. L.

Kumar, A.

X. Li, S. Yu, and A. Kumar, “A surface-emitting distributed-feedback plasmonic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141114 (2009).
[Crossref]

Labonté, L.

Lau, S. P.

E. S. P. Leong, S. F. Yu, and S. P. Lau, “Directional edge-emitting UV random laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 221109 (2006).
[Crossref]

Leong, E. S. P.

E. S. P. Leong, S. F. Yu, and S. P. Lau, “Directional edge-emitting UV random laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 221109 (2006).
[Crossref]

Leuzzi, L.

F. Antenucci, A. Crisanti, and L. Leuzzi, “The glassy random laser: replica symmetry breaking in the intensity fluctuations of emission spectra,” arXiv:1412.8748 (2014).

Li, X.

X. Li, S. Yu, and A. Kumar, “A surface-emitting distributed-feedback plasmonic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141114 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liang, G.

H. K. Liang, B. Meng, G. Liang, J. Tao, Y. Chong, Q. J. Wang, and Y. Zhang, “Electrically pumped mid-infrared random laser,” Adv. Mater. 25, 6859–6863 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liang, H. K.

H. K. Liang, B. Meng, G. Liang, J. Tao, Y. Chong, Q. J. Wang, and Y. Zhang, “Electrically pumped mid-infrared random laser,” Adv. Mater. 25, 6859–6863 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, P. D. García, S. Ek, N. Gregersen, T. Suhr, M. Schubert, J. Mørk, S. Stobbe, and P. Lodahl, “Random nanolasing in the Anderson localized regime,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 285–289 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Lodahl, P.

J. Liu, P. D. García, S. Ek, N. Gregersen, T. Suhr, M. Schubert, J. Mørk, S. Stobbe, and P. Lodahl, “Random nanolasing in the Anderson localized regime,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 285–289 (2014).
[Crossref]

López, C.

A. Consoli and C. López, “Decoupling gain and feedback in coherent random lasers: experiments and simulations,” Sci. Rep. 5, 16848 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, Y.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ma, R.

W. L. Zhang, M. Y. Zheng, R. Ma, C. Y. Gong, Z. J. Yang, G. D. Peng, and Y. J. Rao, “Fiber-type random laser based on a cylindrical waveguide with a disordered cladding layer,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26473 (2016).
[Crossref]

Meng, B.

H. K. Liang, B. Meng, G. Liang, J. Tao, Y. Chong, Q. J. Wang, and Y. Zhang, “Electrically pumped mid-infrared random laser,” Adv. Mater. 25, 6859–6863 (2013).
[Crossref]

Merrill, J. W.

J. W. Merrill, H. Cao, and E. R. Dufresne, “Fluctuations and correlations of emission from random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 93, 021801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Miao, B.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ming, H.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mørk, J.

J. Liu, P. D. García, S. Ek, N. Gregersen, T. Suhr, M. Schubert, J. Mørk, S. Stobbe, and P. Lodahl, “Random nanolasing in the Anderson localized regime,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 285–289 (2014).
[Crossref]

Noblin, X.

B. Bhaktha, N. Bachelard, X. Noblin, and P. Sebbah, “Optofluidic random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Peng, G. D.

W. L. Zhang, M. Y. Zheng, R. Ma, C. Y. Gong, Z. J. Yang, G. D. Peng, and Y. J. Rao, “Fiber-type random laser based on a cylindrical waveguide with a disordered cladding layer,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26473 (2016).
[Crossref]

Petrenko, S.

R. Sarma, A. G. Yamilov, S. Petrenko, Y. Bromberg, and H. Cao, “Control of energy density inside a disordered medium by coupling to open or closed channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 086803 (2016).
[Crossref]

Podivilovb, E.

Polson, R.

R. Polson and Z. Vardeny, “Cancerous tissue mapping from random lasing emission spectra,” J. Opt. 12, 024010 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rao, Y. J.

Sarma, R.

R. Sarma, A. G. Yamilov, S. Petrenko, Y. Bromberg, and H. Cao, “Control of energy density inside a disordered medium by coupling to open or closed channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 086803 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schubert, M.

J. Liu, P. D. García, S. Ek, N. Gregersen, T. Suhr, M. Schubert, J. Mørk, S. Stobbe, and P. Lodahl, “Random nanolasing in the Anderson localized regime,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 285–289 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sebbah, P.

Seelig, E. W.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

Shalaev, V. M.

Song, Q.

Stobbe, S.

J. Liu, P. D. García, S. Ek, N. Gregersen, T. Suhr, M. Schubert, J. Mørk, S. Stobbe, and P. Lodahl, “Random nanolasing in the Anderson localized regime,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 285–289 (2014).
[Crossref]

Stone, A. D.

Sugavanam, S.

Suhr, T.

J. Liu, P. D. García, S. Ek, N. Gregersen, T. Suhr, M. Schubert, J. Mørk, S. Stobbe, and P. Lodahl, “Random nanolasing in the Anderson localized regime,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 285–289 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tao, J.

H. K. Liang, B. Meng, G. Liang, J. Tao, Y. Chong, Q. J. Wang, and Y. Zhang, “Electrically pumped mid-infrared random laser,” Adv. Mater. 25, 6859–6863 (2013).
[Crossref]

Türeci, H. E.

Turitsyn, S.

Vanneste, C.

Vardeny, Z.

R. Polson and Z. Vardeny, “Cancerous tissue mapping from random lasing emission spectra,” J. Opt. 12, 024010 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vatnik, I. D.

Wang, P.

Z. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent random fiber laser based on nanoparticles scattering in the extremely weakly scattering regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q. H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q. J.

H. K. Liang, B. Meng, G. Liang, J. Tao, Y. Chong, Q. J. Wang, and Y. Zhang, “Electrically pumped mid-infrared random laser,” Adv. Mater. 25, 6859–6863 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Wang, Z.

Wang, Z. N.

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4, 359–367 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xiao, S.

Xu, Z.

Yamilov, A. G.

R. Sarma, A. G. Yamilov, S. Petrenko, Y. Bromberg, and H. Cao, “Control of energy density inside a disordered medium by coupling to open or closed channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 086803 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. J.

W. L. Zhang, M. Y. Zheng, R. Ma, C. Y. Gong, Z. J. Yang, G. D. Peng, and Y. J. Rao, “Fiber-type random laser based on a cylindrical waveguide with a disordered cladding layer,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26473 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. X.

Yu, S.

X. Li, S. Yu, and A. Kumar, “A surface-emitting distributed-feedback plasmonic laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141114 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yu, S. F.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Sketch of the proposed structure. (a) Cold cavity. (b) Cavity with gain. (c) Emission spectrum of the dipole source. (d) Real part of refractive index of the gain region. (e) Imaginary part of refractive index of the gain region.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Output spectrum and integrated intensity of the laser from cold cavity analysis. In (a) and (b), the density of scatters is 2.3 and 73.1  μm3, respectively. (c) Average intensity received by an inner and outer monitor versus density of scatters.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Intensity distribution for different resonance modes from cold cavity analysis; (a)–(d) correspond to mode resonance wavelength of 0.537, 0.562, 0.571, and 0.615 μm, respectively, as M1–M4 marked in Fig. 2(a).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Lasing spectra from four different monitoring positions; (a)–(d) correspond to the monitor position of C1–C4, respectively. Taking center of the core as origin of coordinate, positions of C1–C4 are (0 μm, 6 μm), (6 μm, 0 μm), (0 μm, 6 μm), and (6  μm, 0 μm), respectively. The thick/thin curves correspond to the case of with/without the consideration of gain. For clarity, intensity of the thin curves is enlarged 20 times.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output of the laser with an inserted nanoparticle. (a), (c), and (e) are the spectra; (b), (d), and (f) are the intensity distribution for the nanoparticle sited at positions (0 μm, 5 μm), (5 μm, 0 μm), and (2.5 μm, 2.5 μm); (g)/(h) is the mapping of peak intensity/wavelength of output when position of the inserted nanoparticle varies.