Abstract

We demonstrate an ultra-low-threshold phonon laser using a coupled-microtoroid-cavity system by introducing a novel coupling approach. The scheme exhibits both high optical quality factors and high mechanical quality factors. We have experimentally obtained the mechanical quality factor up to 18,000 in vacuum for a radial-breathing mode of 59.2 MHz. The measured phonon lasing threshold is as low as 1.2 μW, which is 5 times lower than the previous result.

© 2017 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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    [Crossref]
  3. T. J. Kippenberg, H. Rokhsari, T. Carmon, A. Scherer, and K. J. Vahala, “Analysis of radiation-pressure induced mechanical oscillation of an optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033901 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  4. O. Arcizet, P. F. Cohadon, T. Briant, M. Pinard, and A. Heidmann, “Radiation-pressure cooling and optomechanical instability of a micromirror,” Nature 444, 71–74 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  5. A. Schliesser, P. Del’Haye, N. Nooshi, K. J. Vahala, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Radiation pressure cooling of a micromechanical oscillator using dynamical backaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 243905 (2006).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  8. I. Favero, S. Stapfner, D. Hunger, P. Paulitschke, J. Reichel, H. Lorenz, E. M. Weig, and K. Karrai, “Fluctuating nanomechanical system in a high finesse optical microcavity,” Opt. Express 17, 12813–12820 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  9. X. Jiang, Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “High-Q double-disk microcavities for cavity optomechanics,” Opt. Express 17, 20911–20919 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  10. Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, X. Jiang, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “Mechanical oscillation and cooling actuated by the optical gradient force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103601 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. Eichenfield, R. Camacho, J. Chan, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “A picogram- and nanometre-scale photonic-crystal optomechanical cavity,” Nature 459, 550–555 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  12. L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, “High frequency GaAs nano-optomechanical disk resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  18. E. Verhagen, S. Deléglise, S. Weis, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Quantum-coherent coupling of a mechanical oscillator to an optical cavity mode,” Nature 482, 63–67 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  19. I. S. Grudinin, H. Lee, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Phonon laser action in a tunable two-level system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083901 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  20. C. Zheng, X. Jiang, S. Hua, L. Chang, G. Li, H. Fan, and M. Xiao, “Controllable optical analog to electromagnetically induced transparency in coupled high-Q microtoroid cavities,” Opt. Express 20, 18319–18325 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  21. L. Chang, X. Jiang, S. Hua, C. Yang, J. Wen, L. Jiang, G. Li, G. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Parity-time symmetry and variable optical isolation in active-passive-coupled microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 524–529 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  23. C. Zhao, L. Ju, H. Miao, S. Gras, Y. Fan, and D. G. Blair, “Three-mode optoacoustic parametric amplifier: a tool for macroscopic quantum experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 243902 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  24. Z.-Q. Yin, “Phase noise and laser-cooling limits of optomechanical oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 033821 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  25. J. M. Dobrindt and T. J. Kippenberg, “Theoretical analysis of mechanical displacement measurement using a multiple cavity mode transducer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 033901 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  26. G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys. 5, 909–914 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  27. J. Knight, G. Cheung, F. Jacques, and T. Birks, “Phase-matched excitation of whispering-gallery-mode resonances by a fiber taper,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1129–1131 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  28. M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74–77 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  29. M. Hossein-Zadeh, H. Rokhsari, A. Hajimiri, and K. J. Vahala, “An optomechanical oscillator on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 023813 (2006).
    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

G. Wang, M. Zhao, J. Ma, G. Li, Y. Chen, X. Jiang, and M. Xiao, “Radiation-pressure-driven mechanical oscillations in silica microdisk resonators on chip,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 58, 050307 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

M. Aspelmeyer, T. J. Kippenberg, and F. Marquardt, “Cavity optomechanics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 1391–1452 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Chang, X. Jiang, S. Hua, C. Yang, J. Wen, L. Jiang, G. Li, G. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Parity-time symmetry and variable optical isolation in active-passive-coupled microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 524–529 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Peng, S. K. Ozdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

2010 (4)

J. M. Dobrindt and T. J. Kippenberg, “Theoretical analysis of mechanical displacement measurement using a multiple cavity mode transducer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 033901 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330, 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. S. Grudinin, H. Lee, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Phonon laser action in a tunable two-level system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083901 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, “High frequency GaAs nano-optomechanical disk resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (7)

C. Zhao, L. Ju, H. Miao, S. Gras, Y. Fan, and D. G. Blair, “Three-mode optoacoustic parametric amplifier: a tool for macroscopic quantum experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 243902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z.-Q. Yin, “Phase noise and laser-cooling limits of optomechanical oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 033821 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, X. Jiang, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “Mechanical oscillation and cooling actuated by the optical gradient force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103601 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Eichenfield, R. Camacho, J. Chan, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “A picogram- and nanometre-scale photonic-crystal optomechanical cavity,” Nature 459, 550–555 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys. 5, 909–914 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. Favero, S. Stapfner, D. Hunger, P. Paulitschke, J. Reichel, H. Lorenz, E. M. Weig, and K. Karrai, “Fluctuating nanomechanical system in a high finesse optical microcavity,” Opt. Express 17, 12813–12820 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “High-Q double-disk microcavities for cavity optomechanics,” Opt. Express 17, 20911–20919 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

J. D. Thompson, B. M. Zwickl, A. M. Jayich, F. Marquardt, S. M. Girvin, and J. G. E. Harris, “Strong dispersive coupling of a high-finesse cavity to a micromechanical membrane,” Nature 452, 72–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Anetsberger, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Ultralow-dissipation optomechanical resonators on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 2, 627–633 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

M. Hossein-Zadeh, H. Rokhsari, A. Hajimiri, and K. J. Vahala, “An optomechanical oscillator on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 023813 (2006).
[Crossref]

O. Arcizet, P. F. Cohadon, T. Briant, M. Pinard, and A. Heidmann, “Radiation-pressure cooling and optomechanical instability of a micromirror,” Nature 444, 71–74 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Schliesser, P. Del’Haye, N. Nooshi, K. J. Vahala, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Radiation pressure cooling of a micromechanical oscillator using dynamical backaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 243905 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

T. Carmon, H. Rokhsari, L. Yang, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Temporal behavior of radiation-pressure-induced vibrations of an optical microcavity phonon mode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 223902 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. J. Kippenberg, H. Rokhsari, T. Carmon, A. Scherer, and K. J. Vahala, “Analysis of radiation-pressure induced mechanical oscillation of an optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033901 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74–77 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Anetsberger, G.

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys. 5, 909–914 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Anetsberger, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Ultralow-dissipation optomechanical resonators on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 2, 627–633 (2008).
[Crossref]

Arcizet, O.

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330, 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys. 5, 909–914 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Anetsberger, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Ultralow-dissipation optomechanical resonators on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 2, 627–633 (2008).
[Crossref]

O. Arcizet, P. F. Cohadon, T. Briant, M. Pinard, and A. Heidmann, “Radiation-pressure cooling and optomechanical instability of a micromirror,” Nature 444, 71–74 (2006).
[Crossref]

Armani, D. K.

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref]

Aspelmeyer, M.

M. Aspelmeyer, T. J. Kippenberg, and F. Marquardt, “Cavity optomechanics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 1391–1452 (2014).
[Crossref]

Baker, C.

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, “High frequency GaAs nano-optomechanical disk resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bender, C. M.

B. Peng, S. K. Ozdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

Birks, T.

Blair, D. G.

C. Zhao, L. Ju, H. Miao, S. Gras, Y. Fan, and D. G. Blair, “Three-mode optoacoustic parametric amplifier: a tool for macroscopic quantum experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 243902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Briant, T.

O. Arcizet, P. F. Cohadon, T. Briant, M. Pinard, and A. Heidmann, “Radiation-pressure cooling and optomechanical instability of a micromirror,” Nature 444, 71–74 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cai, M.

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74–77 (2000).
[Crossref]

Camacho, R.

M. Eichenfield, R. Camacho, J. Chan, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “A picogram- and nanometre-scale photonic-crystal optomechanical cavity,” Nature 459, 550–555 (2009).
[Crossref]

Carmon, T.

T. J. Kippenberg, H. Rokhsari, T. Carmon, A. Scherer, and K. J. Vahala, “Analysis of radiation-pressure induced mechanical oscillation of an optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033901 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Carmon, H. Rokhsari, L. Yang, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Temporal behavior of radiation-pressure-induced vibrations of an optical microcavity phonon mode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 223902 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chan, J.

M. Eichenfield, R. Camacho, J. Chan, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “A picogram- and nanometre-scale photonic-crystal optomechanical cavity,” Nature 459, 550–555 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chang, L.

L. Chang, X. Jiang, S. Hua, C. Yang, J. Wen, L. Jiang, G. Li, G. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Parity-time symmetry and variable optical isolation in active-passive-coupled microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 524–529 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Zheng, X. Jiang, S. Hua, L. Chang, G. Li, H. Fan, and M. Xiao, “Controllable optical analog to electromagnetically induced transparency in coupled high-Q microtoroid cavities,” Opt. Express 20, 18319–18325 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

G. Wang, M. Zhao, J. Ma, G. Li, Y. Chen, X. Jiang, and M. Xiao, “Radiation-pressure-driven mechanical oscillations in silica microdisk resonators on chip,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 58, 050307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheung, G.

Cohadon, P. F.

O. Arcizet, P. F. Cohadon, T. Briant, M. Pinard, and A. Heidmann, “Radiation-pressure cooling and optomechanical instability of a micromirror,” Nature 444, 71–74 (2006).
[Crossref]

Del’Haye, P.

A. Schliesser, P. Del’Haye, N. Nooshi, K. J. Vahala, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Radiation pressure cooling of a micromechanical oscillator using dynamical backaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 243905 (2006).
[Crossref]

Deléglise, S.

E. Verhagen, S. Deléglise, S. Weis, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Quantum-coherent coupling of a mechanical oscillator to an optical cavity mode,” Nature 482, 63–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330, 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ding, L.

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, “High frequency GaAs nano-optomechanical disk resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dobrindt, J. M.

J. M. Dobrindt and T. J. Kippenberg, “Theoretical analysis of mechanical displacement measurement using a multiple cavity mode transducer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 033901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ducci, S.

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, “High frequency GaAs nano-optomechanical disk resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[Crossref]

Eichenfield, M.

M. Eichenfield, R. Camacho, J. Chan, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “A picogram- and nanometre-scale photonic-crystal optomechanical cavity,” Nature 459, 550–555 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fan, H.

Fan, S.

B. Peng, S. K. Ozdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fan, Y.

C. Zhao, L. Ju, H. Miao, S. Gras, Y. Fan, and D. G. Blair, “Three-mode optoacoustic parametric amplifier: a tool for macroscopic quantum experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 243902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Favero, I.

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, “High frequency GaAs nano-optomechanical disk resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. Favero, S. Stapfner, D. Hunger, P. Paulitschke, J. Reichel, H. Lorenz, E. M. Weig, and K. Karrai, “Fluctuating nanomechanical system in a high finesse optical microcavity,” Opt. Express 17, 12813–12820 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gavartin, E.

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330, 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gianfreda, M.

B. Peng, S. K. Ozdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

Girvin, S. M.

J. D. Thompson, B. M. Zwickl, A. M. Jayich, F. Marquardt, S. M. Girvin, and J. G. E. Harris, “Strong dispersive coupling of a high-finesse cavity to a micromechanical membrane,” Nature 452, 72–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gras, S.

C. Zhao, L. Ju, H. Miao, S. Gras, Y. Fan, and D. G. Blair, “Three-mode optoacoustic parametric amplifier: a tool for macroscopic quantum experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 243902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Grudinin, I. S.

I. S. Grudinin, H. Lee, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Phonon laser action in a tunable two-level system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hajimiri, A.

M. Hossein-Zadeh, H. Rokhsari, A. Hajimiri, and K. J. Vahala, “An optomechanical oscillator on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 023813 (2006).
[Crossref]

Harris, J. G. E.

J. D. Thompson, B. M. Zwickl, A. M. Jayich, F. Marquardt, S. M. Girvin, and J. G. E. Harris, “Strong dispersive coupling of a high-finesse cavity to a micromechanical membrane,” Nature 452, 72–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Heidmann, A.

O. Arcizet, P. F. Cohadon, T. Briant, M. Pinard, and A. Heidmann, “Radiation-pressure cooling and optomechanical instability of a micromirror,” Nature 444, 71–74 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hossein-Zadeh, M.

M. Hossein-Zadeh, H. Rokhsari, A. Hajimiri, and K. J. Vahala, “An optomechanical oscillator on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 023813 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hua, S.

L. Chang, X. Jiang, S. Hua, C. Yang, J. Wen, L. Jiang, G. Li, G. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Parity-time symmetry and variable optical isolation in active-passive-coupled microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 524–529 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Zheng, X. Jiang, S. Hua, L. Chang, G. Li, H. Fan, and M. Xiao, “Controllable optical analog to electromagnetically induced transparency in coupled high-Q microtoroid cavities,” Opt. Express 20, 18319–18325 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hunger, D.

Jacques, F.

Jayich, A. M.

J. D. Thompson, B. M. Zwickl, A. M. Jayich, F. Marquardt, S. M. Girvin, and J. G. E. Harris, “Strong dispersive coupling of a high-finesse cavity to a micromechanical membrane,” Nature 452, 72–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jiang, L.

L. Chang, X. Jiang, S. Hua, C. Yang, J. Wen, L. Jiang, G. Li, G. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Parity-time symmetry and variable optical isolation in active-passive-coupled microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 524–529 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, W.

Jiang, X.

G. Wang, M. Zhao, J. Ma, G. Li, Y. Chen, X. Jiang, and M. Xiao, “Radiation-pressure-driven mechanical oscillations in silica microdisk resonators on chip,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 58, 050307 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Chang, X. Jiang, S. Hua, C. Yang, J. Wen, L. Jiang, G. Li, G. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Parity-time symmetry and variable optical isolation in active-passive-coupled microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 524–529 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Zheng, X. Jiang, S. Hua, L. Chang, G. Li, H. Fan, and M. Xiao, “Controllable optical analog to electromagnetically induced transparency in coupled high-Q microtoroid cavities,” Opt. Express 20, 18319–18325 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “High-Q double-disk microcavities for cavity optomechanics,” Opt. Express 17, 20911–20919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, X. Jiang, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “Mechanical oscillation and cooling actuated by the optical gradient force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103601 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ju, L.

C. Zhao, L. Ju, H. Miao, S. Gras, Y. Fan, and D. G. Blair, “Three-mode optoacoustic parametric amplifier: a tool for macroscopic quantum experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 243902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Karrai, K.

Kippenberg, T. J.

M. Aspelmeyer, T. J. Kippenberg, and F. Marquardt, “Cavity optomechanics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 1391–1452 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Verhagen, S. Deléglise, S. Weis, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Quantum-coherent coupling of a mechanical oscillator to an optical cavity mode,” Nature 482, 63–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330, 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. M. Dobrindt and T. J. Kippenberg, “Theoretical analysis of mechanical displacement measurement using a multiple cavity mode transducer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 033901 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys. 5, 909–914 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Anetsberger, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Ultralow-dissipation optomechanical resonators on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 2, 627–633 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Schliesser, P. Del’Haye, N. Nooshi, K. J. Vahala, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Radiation pressure cooling of a micromechanical oscillator using dynamical backaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 243905 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Carmon, H. Rokhsari, L. Yang, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Temporal behavior of radiation-pressure-induced vibrations of an optical microcavity phonon mode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 223902 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. J. Kippenberg, H. Rokhsari, T. Carmon, A. Scherer, and K. J. Vahala, “Analysis of radiation-pressure induced mechanical oscillation of an optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033901 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref]

Knight, J.

Kotthaus, J. P.

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys. 5, 909–914 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, H.

I. S. Grudinin, H. Lee, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Phonon laser action in a tunable two-level system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lei, F.

B. Peng, S. K. Ozdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lemaitre, A.

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, “High frequency GaAs nano-optomechanical disk resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[Crossref]

Leo, G.

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, “High frequency GaAs nano-optomechanical disk resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

G. Wang, M. Zhao, J. Ma, G. Li, Y. Chen, X. Jiang, and M. Xiao, “Radiation-pressure-driven mechanical oscillations in silica microdisk resonators on chip,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 58, 050307 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Chang, X. Jiang, S. Hua, C. Yang, J. Wen, L. Jiang, G. Li, G. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Parity-time symmetry and variable optical isolation in active-passive-coupled microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 524–529 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Zheng, X. Jiang, S. Hua, L. Chang, G. Li, H. Fan, and M. Xiao, “Controllable optical analog to electromagnetically induced transparency in coupled high-Q microtoroid cavities,” Opt. Express 20, 18319–18325 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, Q.

Long, G. L.

B. Peng, S. K. Ozdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lorenz, H.

Lu, X.

Ma, J.

G. Wang, M. Zhao, J. Ma, G. Li, Y. Chen, X. Jiang, and M. Xiao, “Radiation-pressure-driven mechanical oscillations in silica microdisk resonators on chip,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 58, 050307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Marquardt, F.

M. Aspelmeyer, T. J. Kippenberg, and F. Marquardt, “Cavity optomechanics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 1391–1452 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. D. Thompson, B. M. Zwickl, A. M. Jayich, F. Marquardt, S. M. Girvin, and J. G. E. Harris, “Strong dispersive coupling of a high-finesse cavity to a micromechanical membrane,” Nature 452, 72–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Miao, H.

C. Zhao, L. Ju, H. Miao, S. Gras, Y. Fan, and D. G. Blair, “Three-mode optoacoustic parametric amplifier: a tool for macroscopic quantum experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 243902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Monifi, F.

B. Peng, S. K. Ozdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nooshi, N.

A. Schliesser, P. Del’Haye, N. Nooshi, K. J. Vahala, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Radiation pressure cooling of a micromechanical oscillator using dynamical backaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 243905 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nori, F.

B. Peng, S. K. Ozdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ozdemir, S. K.

B. Peng, S. K. Ozdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

Painter, O.

I. S. Grudinin, H. Lee, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Phonon laser action in a tunable two-level system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, X. Jiang, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “Mechanical oscillation and cooling actuated by the optical gradient force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103601 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Eichenfield, R. Camacho, J. Chan, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “A picogram- and nanometre-scale photonic-crystal optomechanical cavity,” Nature 459, 550–555 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “High-Q double-disk microcavities for cavity optomechanics,” Opt. Express 17, 20911–20919 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74–77 (2000).
[Crossref]

Park, Y.-S.

Paulitschke, P.

Peng, B.

B. Peng, S. K. Ozdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pinard, M.

O. Arcizet, P. F. Cohadon, T. Briant, M. Pinard, and A. Heidmann, “Radiation-pressure cooling and optomechanical instability of a micromirror,” Nature 444, 71–74 (2006).
[Crossref]

Reichel, J.

Riviere, R.

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys. 5, 909–914 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Anetsberger, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Ultralow-dissipation optomechanical resonators on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 2, 627–633 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rivière, R.

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330, 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rokhsari, H.

M. Hossein-Zadeh, H. Rokhsari, A. Hajimiri, and K. J. Vahala, “An optomechanical oscillator on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 023813 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Carmon, H. Rokhsari, L. Yang, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Temporal behavior of radiation-pressure-induced vibrations of an optical microcavity phonon mode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 223902 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. J. Kippenberg, H. Rokhsari, T. Carmon, A. Scherer, and K. J. Vahala, “Analysis of radiation-pressure induced mechanical oscillation of an optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rosenberg, J.

X. Jiang, Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “High-Q double-disk microcavities for cavity optomechanics,” Opt. Express 17, 20911–20919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, X. Jiang, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “Mechanical oscillation and cooling actuated by the optical gradient force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103601 (2009).
[Crossref]

Scherer, A.

T. J. Kippenberg, H. Rokhsari, T. Carmon, A. Scherer, and K. J. Vahala, “Analysis of radiation-pressure induced mechanical oscillation of an optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Schliesser, A.

E. Verhagen, S. Deléglise, S. Weis, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Quantum-coherent coupling of a mechanical oscillator to an optical cavity mode,” Nature 482, 63–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330, 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys. 5, 909–914 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Anetsberger, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Ultralow-dissipation optomechanical resonators on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 2, 627–633 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Schliesser, P. Del’Haye, N. Nooshi, K. J. Vahala, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Radiation pressure cooling of a micromechanical oscillator using dynamical backaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 243905 (2006).
[Crossref]

Senellart, P.

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, “High frequency GaAs nano-optomechanical disk resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[Crossref]

Spillane, S. M.

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref]

Stapfner, S.

Thompson, J. D.

J. D. Thompson, B. M. Zwickl, A. M. Jayich, F. Marquardt, S. M. Girvin, and J. G. E. Harris, “Strong dispersive coupling of a high-finesse cavity to a micromechanical membrane,” Nature 452, 72–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Unterreithmeier, Q. P.

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys. 5, 909–914 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vahala, K. J.

I. S. Grudinin, H. Lee, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Phonon laser action in a tunable two-level system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, X. Jiang, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “Mechanical oscillation and cooling actuated by the optical gradient force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103601 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Eichenfield, R. Camacho, J. Chan, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “A picogram- and nanometre-scale photonic-crystal optomechanical cavity,” Nature 459, 550–555 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “High-Q double-disk microcavities for cavity optomechanics,” Opt. Express 17, 20911–20919 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Hossein-Zadeh, H. Rokhsari, A. Hajimiri, and K. J. Vahala, “An optomechanical oscillator on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 023813 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Schliesser, P. Del’Haye, N. Nooshi, K. J. Vahala, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Radiation pressure cooling of a micromechanical oscillator using dynamical backaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 243905 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. J. Kippenberg, H. Rokhsari, T. Carmon, A. Scherer, and K. J. Vahala, “Analysis of radiation-pressure induced mechanical oscillation of an optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033901 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Carmon, H. Rokhsari, L. Yang, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Temporal behavior of radiation-pressure-induced vibrations of an optical microcavity phonon mode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 223902 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74–77 (2000).
[Crossref]

Verhagen, E.

E. Verhagen, S. Deléglise, S. Weis, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Quantum-coherent coupling of a mechanical oscillator to an optical cavity mode,” Nature 482, 63–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.

G. Wang, M. Zhao, J. Ma, G. Li, Y. Chen, X. Jiang, and M. Xiao, “Radiation-pressure-driven mechanical oscillations in silica microdisk resonators on chip,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 58, 050307 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Chang, X. Jiang, S. Hua, C. Yang, J. Wen, L. Jiang, G. Li, G. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Parity-time symmetry and variable optical isolation in active-passive-coupled microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 524–529 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Weig, E. M.

I. Favero, S. Stapfner, D. Hunger, P. Paulitschke, J. Reichel, H. Lorenz, E. M. Weig, and K. Karrai, “Fluctuating nanomechanical system in a high finesse optical microcavity,” Opt. Express 17, 12813–12820 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys. 5, 909–914 (2009).
[Crossref]

Weis, S.

E. Verhagen, S. Deléglise, S. Weis, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Quantum-coherent coupling of a mechanical oscillator to an optical cavity mode,” Nature 482, 63–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330, 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wen, J.

L. Chang, X. Jiang, S. Hua, C. Yang, J. Wen, L. Jiang, G. Li, G. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Parity-time symmetry and variable optical isolation in active-passive-coupled microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 524–529 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xiao, M.

G. Wang, M. Zhao, J. Ma, G. Li, Y. Chen, X. Jiang, and M. Xiao, “Radiation-pressure-driven mechanical oscillations in silica microdisk resonators on chip,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 58, 050307 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Chang, X. Jiang, S. Hua, C. Yang, J. Wen, L. Jiang, G. Li, G. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Parity-time symmetry and variable optical isolation in active-passive-coupled microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 524–529 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Zheng, X. Jiang, S. Hua, L. Chang, G. Li, H. Fan, and M. Xiao, “Controllable optical analog to electromagnetically induced transparency in coupled high-Q microtoroid cavities,” Opt. Express 20, 18319–18325 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

L. Chang, X. Jiang, S. Hua, C. Yang, J. Wen, L. Jiang, G. Li, G. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Parity-time symmetry and variable optical isolation in active-passive-coupled microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 524–529 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

B. Peng, S. K. Ozdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Carmon, H. Rokhsari, L. Yang, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Temporal behavior of radiation-pressure-induced vibrations of an optical microcavity phonon mode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 223902 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yin, Z.-Q.

Z.-Q. Yin, “Phase noise and laser-cooling limits of optomechanical oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 033821 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Zhao, C.

C. Zhao, L. Ju, H. Miao, S. Gras, Y. Fan, and D. G. Blair, “Three-mode optoacoustic parametric amplifier: a tool for macroscopic quantum experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 243902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhao, M.

G. Wang, M. Zhao, J. Ma, G. Li, Y. Chen, X. Jiang, and M. Xiao, “Radiation-pressure-driven mechanical oscillations in silica microdisk resonators on chip,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 58, 050307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, C.

Zwickl, B. M.

J. D. Thompson, B. M. Zwickl, A. M. Jayich, F. Marquardt, S. M. Girvin, and J. G. E. Harris, “Strong dispersive coupling of a high-finesse cavity to a micromechanical membrane,” Nature 452, 72–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

G. Anetsberger, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Ultralow-dissipation optomechanical resonators on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 2, 627–633 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Chang, X. Jiang, S. Hua, C. Yang, J. Wen, L. Jiang, G. Li, G. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Parity-time symmetry and variable optical isolation in active-passive-coupled microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 524–529 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (2)

B. Peng, S. K. Ozdemir, F. Lei, F. Monifi, M. Gianfreda, G. L. Long, S. Fan, F. Nori, C. M. Bender, and L. Yang, “Parity-time-symmetric whispering-gallery microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 10, 394–398 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Riviere, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys. 5, 909–914 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nature (5)

E. Verhagen, S. Deléglise, S. Weis, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Quantum-coherent coupling of a mechanical oscillator to an optical cavity mode,” Nature 482, 63–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Eichenfield, R. Camacho, J. Chan, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “A picogram- and nanometre-scale photonic-crystal optomechanical cavity,” Nature 459, 550–555 (2009).
[Crossref]

O. Arcizet, P. F. Cohadon, T. Briant, M. Pinard, and A. Heidmann, “Radiation-pressure cooling and optomechanical instability of a micromirror,” Nature 444, 71–74 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. D. Thompson, B. M. Zwickl, A. M. Jayich, F. Marquardt, S. M. Girvin, and J. G. E. Harris, “Strong dispersive coupling of a high-finesse cavity to a micromechanical membrane,” Nature 452, 72–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

M. Hossein-Zadeh, H. Rokhsari, A. Hajimiri, and K. J. Vahala, “An optomechanical oscillator on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 023813 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z.-Q. Yin, “Phase noise and laser-cooling limits of optomechanical oscillators,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 033821 (2009).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (9)

J. M. Dobrindt and T. J. Kippenberg, “Theoretical analysis of mechanical displacement measurement using a multiple cavity mode transducer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 033901 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, L. Ju, H. Miao, S. Gras, Y. Fan, and D. G. Blair, “Three-mode optoacoustic parametric amplifier: a tool for macroscopic quantum experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 243902 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. S. Grudinin, H. Lee, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Phonon laser action in a tunable two-level system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083901 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74–77 (2000).
[Crossref]

L. Ding, C. Baker, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, S. Ducci, G. Leo, and I. Favero, “High frequency GaAs nano-optomechanical disk resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263903 (2010).
[Crossref]

Q. Lin, J. Rosenberg, X. Jiang, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “Mechanical oscillation and cooling actuated by the optical gradient force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103601 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Schliesser, P. Del’Haye, N. Nooshi, K. J. Vahala, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Radiation pressure cooling of a micromechanical oscillator using dynamical backaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 243905 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Carmon, H. Rokhsari, L. Yang, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Temporal behavior of radiation-pressure-induced vibrations of an optical microcavity phonon mode,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 223902 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. J. Kippenberg, H. Rokhsari, T. Carmon, A. Scherer, and K. J. Vahala, “Analysis of radiation-pressure induced mechanical oscillation of an optical microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 033901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

M. Aspelmeyer, T. J. Kippenberg, and F. Marquardt, “Cavity optomechanics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 1391–1452 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. (1)

G. Wang, M. Zhao, J. Ma, G. Li, Y. Chen, X. Jiang, and M. Xiao, “Radiation-pressure-driven mechanical oscillations in silica microdisk resonators on chip,” Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 58, 050307 (2015).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

S. Weis, R. Rivière, S. Deléglise, E. Gavartin, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optomechanically induced transparency,” Science 330, 1520–1523 (2010).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Physical implementation of the coupled-microtoroid cavity system. Here, only microtoroid B is coupled to the fiber taper. (b) Scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of microtoroid B with a large pillar diameter of about 20 μm. (c) SEM image of microtoroid A with a small pillar diameter of about 0.8 μm.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) and (b) Normalized optical transmission spectra of microtoroids A and B with their corresponding intrinsic optical quality factors of 9.7 × 10 7 and 2.5 × 10 7 at the wavelength of 1535 nm, respectively. (c) Set of representative optical spectra taken over a range of spatial separation distance, which exhibit controllable splitting of the two supermodes in coupled microtoroids.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Schematic diagram of the phonon laser experimental setup with coupled silica microtoroid cavities. VOA, variable optical attenuator; PC, polarization controller. (b) Measured power spectrum of microtoroid A, which gives a mechanical quality factor of 18,000 in vacuum for the fundamental radial-breathing mode of 59.2 MHz. (c) Numerical FEM simulation of the fundamental radial-breathing mode.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) By carefully tuning the parameters, the system is operated to produce two supermodes with frequency splitting equal to the mechanical frequency of microtoroid A. (b) Typical optical transmitted optical power for input pump powers above the threshold. (c) Mechanical oscillation amplitude as a function of input optical pump power for the compound microtoroid resonators in vacuum, where the phonon lasing threshold is as low as 1.2 μW.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Typical RF spectra with optical pump power below (blue) and above (red) the threshold. (b) Mechanical energy as a function of input optical pump power.

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