Abstract

We comprehensively characterize the transmission performance of m-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (m-QAM) signals through a silicon microring resonator in the experiment. Using orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing based on offset QAM (OFDM/OQAM) which is modulated with m-QAM modulations, we demonstrate low-penalty data transmission of OFDM/OQAM 64-QAM, 128-QAM, 256-QAM, and 512-QAM signals in a silicon microring resonator. The observed optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) penalties are 1.7 dB for 64-QAM, 1.7 dB for 128-QAM, and 3.1 dB for 256-QAM at a bit-error rate (BER) of 2×103 and 3.3 dB for 512-QAM at a BER of 2×102. The performance degradation due to the wavelength detuning from the microring resonance is evaluated, showing a wavelength range of 0.48  nm with BER below 2×103. Moreover, we demonstrate data transmission of 191.2-Gbit/s simultaneous eight wavelength channel OFDM/OQAM 256-QAM signals in a silicon microring resonator, achieving OSNR penalties less than 2 dB at a BER of 2×102.

© 2016 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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2016 (2)

2015 (4)

2014 (1)

Y. Long and J. Wang, “Optically-controlled extinction ratio and Q-factor tunable silicon microring resonators based on optical forces,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5409 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2012 (3)

D. Qian, M.-F. Huang, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “High capacity/spectral efficiency 101.7-Tb/s WDM transmission using PDM-128QAM-OFDM over 165-km SSMF within C- and L-bands,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1540–1548 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Xu, W. Zhang, Q. Li, J. Chan, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “40-Gb/s DPSK data transmission through a silicon microring switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 473–475 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. K. Oxenlowe, H. Ji, M. Galili, and M. Pu, “Silicon photonics for signal processing of Tbit/s serial data signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 996–1005 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

M. Asghari and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Silicon photonics: energy-efficient communication,” Nat. Photonics 5, 268–270 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. L. Lira, C. B. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “CMOS compatible reconfigurable filter for high bandwidth non-blocking operation,” Opt. Express 19, 20115–20121 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (5)

P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, H. Song, A. Adamiecki, S. Corteselli, A. H. Gnauck, D. A. Fishman, C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, T. J. Xia, G. Wellbrock, W. Lee, B. Basch, T. Kawanishi, K. Higuma, and Y. Painchaud, “100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission: from laboratory experiments to field trials,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 3388–3402 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEEE. Trans. Comput. 57, 1246–1260 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, and F. Xia, “High-throughput silicon nanophotonic wavelength-insensitive switch for on-chip optical networks,” Nat. Photonics 2, 242–246 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. T. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. Kim, S. K. Park, and M.-H. Lee, “Chip-to-chip optical interconnect using gold long-range surface plasmon polarition waveguides,” Opt. Express 16, 13133–13138 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

R. Soref, “The past, present, and future of silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1678–1687 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

M. J. Kobrinsky, B. A. Block, J.-F. Zheng, B. C. Barnett, E. Mohammed, M. Reshotko, F. Robertson, S. List, I. Young, and K. Cadien, “On-chip optical interconnects,” Int. Technol. J. 8, 129–141 (2004).

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE 88, 728–749 (2000).
[Crossref]

Adamiecki, A.

Asghari, M.

M. Asghari and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Silicon photonics: energy-efficient communication,” Nat. Photonics 5, 268–270 (2011).
[Crossref]

Barnett, B. C.

M. J. Kobrinsky, B. A. Block, J.-F. Zheng, B. C. Barnett, E. Mohammed, M. Reshotko, F. Robertson, S. List, I. Young, and K. Cadien, “On-chip optical interconnects,” Int. Technol. J. 8, 129–141 (2004).

Basch, B.

Bergman, K.

L. Xu, W. Zhang, Q. Li, J. Chan, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “40-Gb/s DPSK data transmission through a silicon microring switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 473–475 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEEE. Trans. Comput. 57, 1246–1260 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, B. G. Lee, X. Liu, B. A. Small, I. Hsieh, J. Dadap, K. Bergman, and R. M. Osgood, “Demonstration of 300 Gbps error-free transmission of WDM data stream in silicon photonic wires,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers Electro-Optics (CLEO), Baltimore, Maryland, (2007), paper CtuQ5.

Biberman, A.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

Block, B. A.

M. J. Kobrinsky, B. A. Block, J.-F. Zheng, B. C. Barnett, E. Mohammed, M. Reshotko, F. Robertson, S. List, I. Young, and K. Cadien, “On-chip optical interconnects,” Int. Technol. J. 8, 129–141 (2004).

Bourdoux, A.

Bradley, J. D. B.

Bramerie, L.

Buhl, L. L.

Cadien, K.

M. J. Kobrinsky, B. A. Block, J.-F. Zheng, B. C. Barnett, E. Mohammed, M. Reshotko, F. Robertson, S. List, I. Young, and K. Cadien, “On-chip optical interconnects,” Int. Technol. J. 8, 129–141 (2004).

Cardenas, J.

Carloni, L. P.

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEEE. Trans. Comput. 57, 1246–1260 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chan, J.

L. Xu, W. Zhang, Q. Li, J. Chan, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “40-Gb/s DPSK data transmission through a silicon microring switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 473–475 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chen, X.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, B. G. Lee, X. Liu, B. A. Small, I. Hsieh, J. Dadap, K. Bergman, and R. M. Osgood, “Demonstration of 300 Gbps error-free transmission of WDM data stream in silicon photonic wires,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers Electro-Optics (CLEO), Baltimore, Maryland, (2007), paper CtuQ5.

Chou, C.-Y.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

Corteselli, S.

Dadap, J.

X. Chen, B. G. Lee, X. Liu, B. A. Small, I. Hsieh, J. Dadap, K. Bergman, and R. M. Osgood, “Demonstration of 300 Gbps error-free transmission of WDM data stream in silicon photonic wires,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers Electro-Optics (CLEO), Baltimore, Maryland, (2007), paper CtuQ5.

Dadap, J. I.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dally, W. J.

J. D. Owens, W. J. Dally, R. Ho, D. J. Jayasimha, S. W. Keckler, and L.-S. Peh, “Research challenges for on-chip interconnection networks,” IEEE Micro 27, 96–108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Doerr, C. R.

Driessen, A.

Emplit, P.

Fathpour, S.

Fickers, J.

Fishman, D. A.

Foster, M. A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Galili, M.

L. K. Oxenlowe, H. Ji, M. Galili, and M. Pu, “Silicon photonics for signal processing of Tbit/s serial data signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 996–1005 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gay, M.

Gnauck, A. H.

Green, W. M. J.

Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, and F. Xia, “High-throughput silicon nanophotonic wavelength-insensitive switch for on-chip optical networks,” Nat. Photonics 2, 242–246 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gui, C.

Higuma, K.

Ho, R.

J. D. Owens, W. J. Dally, R. Ho, D. J. Jayasimha, S. W. Keckler, and L.-S. Peh, “Research challenges for on-chip interconnection networks,” IEEE Micro 27, 96–108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Horlin, F.

Hsieh, I.

X. Chen, B. G. Lee, X. Liu, B. A. Small, I. Hsieh, J. Dadap, K. Bergman, and R. M. Osgood, “Demonstration of 300 Gbps error-free transmission of WDM data stream in silicon photonic wires,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers Electro-Optics (CLEO), Baltimore, Maryland, (2007), paper CtuQ5.

Hsieh, I.-W.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hu, J.

Hu, R.

Hu, X.

Huang, M.-F.

Huang, Y.-K.

Ip, E.

Jalali, B.

Jayasimha, D. J.

J. D. Owens, W. J. Dally, R. Ho, D. J. Jayasimha, S. W. Keckler, and L.-S. Peh, “Research challenges for on-chip interconnection networks,” IEEE Micro 27, 96–108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ji, H.

L. K. Oxenlowe, H. Ji, M. Galili, and M. Pu, “Silicon photonics for signal processing of Tbit/s serial data signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 996–1005 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ji, M.

Jiang, T.

Ju, J. J.

Kawanishi, T.

Keckler, S. W.

J. D. Owens, W. J. Dally, R. Ho, D. J. Jayasimha, S. W. Keckler, and L.-S. Peh, “Research challenges for on-chip interconnection networks,” IEEE Micro 27, 96–108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Khurgin, J. B.

Kim, J. T.

Kim, M.

Kobrinsky, M. J.

M. J. Kobrinsky, B. A. Block, J.-F. Zheng, B. C. Barnett, E. Mohammed, M. Reshotko, F. Robertson, S. List, I. Young, and K. Cadien, “On-chip optical interconnects,” Int. Technol. J. 8, 129–141 (2004).

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

M. Asghari and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Silicon photonics: energy-efficient communication,” Nat. Photonics 5, 268–270 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, B. G.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, B. G. Lee, X. Liu, B. A. Small, I. Hsieh, J. Dadap, K. Bergman, and R. M. Osgood, “Demonstration of 300 Gbps error-free transmission of WDM data stream in silicon photonic wires,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers Electro-Optics (CLEO), Baltimore, Maryland, (2007), paper CtuQ5.

Lee, M.-H.

Lee, W.

Li, C.

Li, H.

Li, Q.

L. Xu, W. Zhang, Q. Li, J. Chan, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “40-Gb/s DPSK data transmission through a silicon microring switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 473–475 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Lipson, M.

Lira, H. L.

Lira, H. L. R.

L. Xu, W. Zhang, Q. Li, J. Chan, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “40-Gb/s DPSK data transmission through a silicon microring switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 473–475 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Cardenas, M. A. Foster, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, H. L. R. Lira, B. Zhang, A. L. Gaeta, J. B. Khurgin, P. Morton, and M. Lipson, “Wide-bandwidth continuously tunable optical delay line using silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Express 18, 26525–26534 (2010).
[Crossref]

List, S.

M. J. Kobrinsky, B. A. Block, J.-F. Zheng, B. C. Barnett, E. Mohammed, M. Reshotko, F. Robertson, S. List, I. Young, and K. Cadien, “On-chip optical interconnects,” Int. Technol. J. 8, 129–141 (2004).

Liu, J.

Liu, X.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, B. G. Lee, X. Liu, B. A. Small, I. Hsieh, J. Dadap, K. Bergman, and R. M. Osgood, “Demonstration of 300 Gbps error-free transmission of WDM data stream in silicon photonic wires,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers Electro-Optics (CLEO), Baltimore, Maryland, (2007), paper CtuQ5.

Long, Y.

Louveaux, J.

Luo, M.

Mcnab, S. J.

Miller, D. A. B.

D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE 88, 728–749 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mohammed, E.

M. J. Kobrinsky, B. A. Block, J.-F. Zheng, B. C. Barnett, E. Mohammed, M. Reshotko, F. Robertson, S. List, I. Young, and K. Cadien, “On-chip optical interconnects,” Int. Technol. J. 8, 129–141 (2004).

Moll, N.

Morton, P.

Osgood, R. M.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, B. G. Lee, X. Liu, B. A. Small, I. Hsieh, J. Dadap, K. Bergman, and R. M. Osgood, “Demonstration of 300 Gbps error-free transmission of WDM data stream in silicon photonic wires,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers Electro-Optics (CLEO), Baltimore, Maryland, (2007), paper CtuQ5.

Owens, J. D.

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Park, S.

Park, S. K.

Peh, L.-S.

J. D. Owens, W. J. Dally, R. Ho, D. J. Jayasimha, S. W. Keckler, and L.-S. Peh, “Research challenges for on-chip interconnection networks,” IEEE Micro 27, 96–108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Poitras, C. B.

Pollnau, M.

Pu, M.

L. K. Oxenlowe, H. Ji, M. Galili, and M. Pu, “Silicon photonics for signal processing of Tbit/s serial data signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 996–1005 (2012).
[Crossref]

Qian, D.

Raybon, G.

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M. J. Kobrinsky, B. A. Block, J.-F. Zheng, B. C. Barnett, E. Mohammed, M. Reshotko, F. Robertson, S. List, I. Young, and K. Cadien, “On-chip optical interconnects,” Int. Technol. J. 8, 129–141 (2004).

Robertson, F.

M. J. Kobrinsky, B. A. Block, J.-F. Zheng, B. C. Barnett, E. Mohammed, M. Reshotko, F. Robertson, S. List, I. Young, and K. Cadien, “On-chip optical interconnects,” Int. Technol. J. 8, 129–141 (2004).

Rooks, M. J.

Ruan, Z.

Sekaric, L.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Xia, M. J. Rooks, L. Sekaric, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Ultra-compact high order ring resonator filters using submicron silicon photonic wires for on-chip optical interconnects,” Opt. Express 15, 11934–11941 (2007).
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A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEEE. Trans. Comput. 57, 1246–1260 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shao, Y.

Sherwood-Droz, N.

Silva, M. C.

Simon, J.-C.

Small, B. A.

X. Chen, B. G. Lee, X. Liu, B. A. Small, I. Hsieh, J. Dadap, K. Bergman, and R. M. Osgood, “Demonstration of 300 Gbps error-free transmission of WDM data stream in silicon photonic wires,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers Electro-Optics (CLEO), Baltimore, Maryland, (2007), paper CtuQ5.

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R. Soref, “The past, present, and future of silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1678–1687 (2006).
[Crossref]

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Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, and F. Xia, “High-throughput silicon nanophotonic wavelength-insensitive switch for on-chip optical networks,” Nat. Photonics 2, 242–246 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vlasov, Y. A.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Xia, M. J. Rooks, L. Sekaric, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Ultra-compact high order ring resonator filters using submicron silicon photonic wires for on-chip optical interconnects,” Opt. Express 15, 11934–11941 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. J. Mcnab, N. Moll, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 11, 2927–2939 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wang, A.

Wang, J.

Wang, T.

Wang, Y.

Wellbrock, G.

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Wörhoff, K.

Xia, F.

Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, and F. Xia, “High-throughput silicon nanophotonic wavelength-insensitive switch for on-chip optical networks,” Nat. Photonics 2, 242–246 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 398–400 (2008).
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F. Xia, M. J. Rooks, L. Sekaric, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Ultra-compact high order ring resonator filters using submicron silicon photonic wires for on-chip optical interconnects,” Opt. Express 15, 11934–11941 (2007).
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Xiao, X.

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M. J. Kobrinsky, B. A. Block, J.-F. Zheng, B. C. Barnett, E. Mohammed, M. Reshotko, F. Robertson, S. List, I. Young, and K. Cadien, “On-chip optical interconnects,” Int. Technol. J. 8, 129–141 (2004).

Yu, S.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, F.

Zhang, W.

L. Xu, W. Zhang, Q. Li, J. Chan, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “40-Gb/s DPSK data transmission through a silicon microring switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 473–475 (2012).
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Zheng, J.-F.

M. J. Kobrinsky, B. A. Block, J.-F. Zheng, B. C. Barnett, E. Mohammed, M. Reshotko, F. Robertson, S. List, I. Young, and K. Cadien, “On-chip optical interconnects,” Int. Technol. J. 8, 129–141 (2004).

Zhou, L.

Zhu, L.

Zhu, Y.

Zou, K.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. Soref, “The past, present, and future of silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1678–1687 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. K. Oxenlowe, H. Ji, M. Galili, and M. Pu, “Silicon photonics for signal processing of Tbit/s serial data signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 996–1005 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Micro (1)

J. D. Owens, W. J. Dally, R. Ho, D. J. Jayasimha, S. W. Keckler, and L.-S. Peh, “Research challenges for on-chip interconnection networks,” IEEE Micro 27, 96–108 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

L. Xu, W. Zhang, Q. Li, J. Chan, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “40-Gb/s DPSK data transmission through a silicon microring switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 473–475 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE. Trans. Comput. (1)

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEEE. Trans. Comput. 57, 1246–1260 (2008).
[Crossref]

Int. Technol. J. (1)

M. J. Kobrinsky, B. A. Block, J.-F. Zheng, B. C. Barnett, E. Mohammed, M. Reshotko, F. Robertson, S. List, I. Young, and K. Cadien, “On-chip optical interconnects,” Int. Technol. J. 8, 129–141 (2004).

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Nat. Photonics (2)

M. Asghari and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Silicon photonics: energy-efficient communication,” Nat. Photonics 5, 268–270 (2011).
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Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, and F. Xia, “High-throughput silicon nanophotonic wavelength-insensitive switch for on-chip optical networks,” Nat. Photonics 2, 242–246 (2008).
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Opt. Express (13)

S. J. Mcnab, N. Moll, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 11, 2927–2939 (2003).
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J. T. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. Kim, S. K. Park, and M.-H. Lee, “Chip-to-chip optical interconnect using gold long-range surface plasmon polarition waveguides,” Opt. Express 16, 13133–13138 (2008).
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X. Hu, Y. Long, M. Ji, A. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Ruan, Y. Wang, and J. Wang, “Graphene–silicon microring resonator enhanced all-optical up and down wavelength conversion of QPSK signal,” Opt. Express 24, 7168–7177 (2016).
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H. L. Lira, C. B. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “CMOS compatible reconfigurable filter for high bandwidth non-blocking operation,” Opt. Express 19, 20115–20121 (2011).
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J. Cardenas, M. A. Foster, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, H. L. R. Lira, B. Zhang, A. L. Gaeta, J. B. Khurgin, P. Morton, and M. Lipson, “Wide-bandwidth continuously tunable optical delay line using silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Express 18, 26525–26534 (2010).
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Y. Long and J. Wang, “Ultra-high peak rejection notch microwave photonic filter using a single silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express 23, 17739–17750 (2015).
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Y. Long and J. Wang, “All-optical tuning of a nonlinear silicon microring assisted microwave photonic filter: theory and experiment,” Opt. Express 23, 17758–17771 (2015).
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Y. Long, A. Wang, L. Zhou, and J. Wang, “All-optical wavelength conversion and signal regeneration of PAM-4 signal using a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 24, 7158–7167 (2016).
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F. Xia, M. J. Rooks, L. Sekaric, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Ultra-compact high order ring resonator filters using submicron silicon photonic wires for on-chip optical interconnects,” Opt. Express 15, 11934–11941 (2007).
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J. D. B. Bradley, M. C. Silva, M. Gay, L. Bramerie, A. Driessen, K. Wörhoff, J.-C. Simon, and M. Pollnau, “170 Gbit/s transmission in an erbium-doped waveguide amplifier on silicon,” Opt. Express 17, 22201–22208 (2009).
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C. Gui, C. Li, Q. Yang, and J. Wang, “Demonstration of terabit-scale data transmission in silicon vertical slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 23, 9736–9745 (2015).
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Z. Li, T. Jiang, H. Li, X. Zhang, C. Li, C. Li, R. Hu, M. Luo, X. Zhang, X. Xiao, Q. Yang, and S. Yu, “Experimental demonstration of 110-Gb/s unsynchronized band-multiplexed superchannel coherent optical OFDM/OQAM system,” Opt. Express 21, 21924–21931 (2013).
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Y. Long and J. Wang, “Optically-controlled extinction ratio and Q-factor tunable silicon microring resonators based on optical forces,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5409 (2014).
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Other (1)

X. Chen, B. G. Lee, X. Liu, B. A. Small, I. Hsieh, J. Dadap, K. Bergman, and R. M. Osgood, “Demonstration of 300 Gbps error-free transmission of WDM data stream in silicon photonic wires,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers Electro-Optics (CLEO), Baltimore, Maryland, (2007), paper CtuQ5.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental setup for data transmission of OFDM/OQAM m-QAM signals through a silicon microring resonator. (a)-(d) SEM images of (a) waveguide cross section, (b) mirroring resonator, (c) coupling region between the bus waveguide and bending waveguide, and (d) grating coupler.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Measured transmission spectrum of fabricated microring resonator. (b) Zoomed-in spectrum of selected resonance in the experiment. (c) RF spectrum of demodulated signal.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. BER versus received OSNR for data transmission of OFDM/OQAM m-QAM signal through a silicon microring resonator. (a) 64-QAM. (b) 128-QAM. (c) 256-QAM. (d) 512-QAM. Inserts are constellations of signal after transmission. B-to-B, back-to-back; Aft. Trans., after transmission.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. BER versus signal wavelength detuning from the microring resonance wavelength for experimental measurements (circles) and fitting curve (solid line). Insets are constellations of 256-QAM signals.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Input spectrum of eight wavelength channels before the input of the modulator. (b) BER versus received OSNR for all eight-channel OFDM/OQAM 256-QAM data transmission. (c)–(e) Constellations of (c) B-to-B signal at 1554.54 nm, transmitted signals at (d) 1544.54 and (e) 1546.41 nm. B-to-B, back-to-back; W1, 1544.54 nm; W2, 1546.41 nm; W3, 1548.28 nm; W4, 1550.15 nm; W5, 1552.02 nm; W6, 1553.89 nm; W7, 1555.76 nm; W8, 1557.63 nm.

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