Abstract

A Kerr-lens, mode-locked YVO4/Nd:YVO4 laser coupled with an acousto-optic modulator (AOM) Q-switching near 1064 nm was employed to pump an intracavity KTiOPO4 (KTP) optical parametric oscillator. A subnanosecond signal wave near 1572 nm with low repetition rate was realized. At an AOM repetition rate of 8 kHz, the maximum output power was 165 mW. The highest average pulse energy, the shortest duration, and the highest peak power of a mode-locking signal pulse were estimated to be 10.3μJ, 120ps, and 82kW, respectively.

© 2015 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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  1. R. Conroy, T. Lake, G. Friel, A. Kemp, and B. Sinclair, “Self-Q-switched Nd:YVO4 microchip lasers,” Opt. Lett. 23, 457–459 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  2. Y. Chen, S. Tsai, and S. Wang, “High-power diode-pumped Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1442–1444 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  3. P. Blandin, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, S. Leveque-Fort, and M. Fontaine-Aupart, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser at 914  nm,” Opt. Lett. 31, 214–216 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, and H. Inaba, “High power operation of diode-end pumped Nd:YVO4 laser using composite rod with undoped end,” Electron. Lett. 32, 40–42 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  5. T. Li, Z. Zhuo, X. Li, H. Yang, and Y. Zhang, “Study on optical characteristics of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 composite crystal laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, 175–177 (2007).
  6. Z. Zhuo, T. Li, X. Li, and H. Yang, “Investigation of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 composite crystal and its laser performance pumped by a fiber coupled diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 274, 176–181 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Chang, K. Su, H. Chang, and Y. Chen, “Compact efficient Q-switched eye-safe laser at 1525  nm with a double-end diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 crystal as a self-Raman medium,” Opt. Express 17, 4330–4335 (2009).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  9. A. Lagatsky, A. Sarmani, C. Brown, W. Sibbett, V. Kisel, A. Selivanov, I. Denisov, A. Troshin, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Matrosov, T. Matrosova, and M. Kupchenko, “Yb3+-doped YVO4 crystal for efficient Kerr-lens mode locking in solid-state lasers,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3234–3236 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Huang, K. Su, and Y. Chen, “Compact efficient multi-GHz Kerr-lens mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Express 16, 21149–21154 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  11. H. Liang, Y. Huang, W. Huang, K. Su, and Y. Chen, “High-power, diode-end-pumped, multigigahertz self-mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser at 1342  nm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 4–6 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  12. D. Kuizenga, “Short-pulse oscillator development for the Nd:glass laser-fusion systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1694–1708 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  13. V. Donin, D. Yakovin, and A. Gribanov, “Diode-pumped green Nd:YAG laser with Q-switch and mode locking,” Opt. Lett. 37, 338–340 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  14. G. Huang, Y. Yu, X. Xie, Y. Zhang, and C. Du, “Diode-pumped simultaneously Q-switched and mode-locked YVO4/Nd:YVO4/YVO4 crystal self-Raman first-Stokes laser,” Opt. Express 21, 19723–19731 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. F. Kienle, P. Teh, S. Alam, C. Gawith, D. Hanna, D. Richardson, and D. Shepherd, “Compact, high-pulse-energy, picosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3580–3582 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  16. K. McEwan, “High-power synchronously pumped AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 667–669 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  17. Y. Chen, S. Chen, L. Tsai, Y. Chen, and C. Chien, “Efficient sub-nanosecond intracavity optical parametric oscillator pumped with a passively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 823–825 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  18. H. Chu, S. Zhao, K. Yang, J. Zhao, Y. Li, D. Li, G. Li, T. Li, and W. Qiao, “Intracavity KTP-based OPO pumped by a dual-loss modulated, simultaneously Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 22, 26925–26932 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  19. H. Chu, S. Zhao, K. Yang, J. Zhao, Y. Li, T. Li, G. Li, D. Li, and W. Qiao, “Intracavity KTP optical parametric oscillator driven by a KLM Nd:GGG laser with a single AO modulator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 68, 73–78 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. Yang, S. Liu, J. He, X. Yang, F. Liu, B. Zhang, J. Xu, H. Yang, and H. Huang, “Tunable simultaneous dual-wavelength laser at 1.9 and 1.7  μm based on KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 28–31 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  21. T. Li, S. Zhao, Z. Zhuo, K. Yang, G. Li, and D. Li, “Dual-loss-modulated Q-switched and mode-locked YVO4/Nd:YVO4/KTP green laser with EO and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 18, 10315–10322 (2010).
    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

H. Chu, S. Zhao, K. Yang, J. Zhao, Y. Li, T. Li, G. Li, D. Li, and W. Qiao, “Intracavity KTP optical parametric oscillator driven by a KLM Nd:GGG laser with a single AO modulator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 68, 73–78 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

J. Yang, S. Liu, J. He, X. Yang, F. Liu, B. Zhang, J. Xu, H. Yang, and H. Huang, “Tunable simultaneous dual-wavelength laser at 1.9 and 1.7  μm based on KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 28–31 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

T. Li, Z. Zhuo, X. Li, H. Yang, and Y. Zhang, “Study on optical characteristics of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 composite crystal laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, 175–177 (2007).

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, X. Li, and H. Yang, “Investigation of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 composite crystal and its laser performance pumped by a fiber coupled diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 274, 176–181 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

Y. Chen, S. Chen, L. Tsai, Y. Chen, and C. Chien, “Efficient sub-nanosecond intracavity optical parametric oscillator pumped with a passively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 823–825 (2004).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1998 (2)

1996 (1)

M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, and H. Inaba, “High power operation of diode-end pumped Nd:YVO4 laser using composite rod with undoped end,” Electron. Lett. 32, 40–42 (1996).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

D. Kuizenga, “Short-pulse oscillator development for the Nd:glass laser-fusion systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1694–1708 (1981).
[Crossref]

Alam, S.

Balembois, F.

Blandin, P.

Brown, C.

Chang, H.

Chang, Y.

Chen, C.

Chen, S.

Y. Chen, S. Chen, L. Tsai, Y. Chen, and C. Chien, “Efficient sub-nanosecond intracavity optical parametric oscillator pumped with a passively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 823–825 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

Chen, Y.

Chen, Z.

Chien, C.

Y. Chen, S. Chen, L. Tsai, Y. Chen, and C. Chien, “Efficient sub-nanosecond intracavity optical parametric oscillator pumped with a passively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 823–825 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chu, H.

H. Chu, S. Zhao, K. Yang, J. Zhao, Y. Li, T. Li, G. Li, D. Li, and W. Qiao, “Intracavity KTP optical parametric oscillator driven by a KLM Nd:GGG laser with a single AO modulator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 68, 73–78 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chu, S. Zhao, K. Yang, J. Zhao, Y. Li, D. Li, G. Li, T. Li, and W. Qiao, “Intracavity KTP-based OPO pumped by a dual-loss modulated, simultaneously Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 22, 26925–26932 (2014).
[Crossref]

Conroy, R.

Denisov, I.

Donin, V.

Druon, F.

Du, C.

Fontaine-Aupart, M.

Friel, G.

Gawith, C.

Georges, P.

Gribanov, A.

Hanna, D.

He, J.

J. Yang, S. Liu, J. He, X. Yang, F. Liu, B. Zhang, J. Xu, H. Yang, and H. Huang, “Tunable simultaneous dual-wavelength laser at 1.9 and 1.7  μm based on KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 28–31 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, C.

Huang, G.

Huang, H.

J. Yang, S. Liu, J. He, X. Yang, F. Liu, B. Zhang, J. Xu, H. Yang, and H. Huang, “Tunable simultaneous dual-wavelength laser at 1.9 and 1.7  μm based on KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 28–31 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, W.

Huang, Y.

Inaba, H.

M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, and H. Inaba, “High power operation of diode-end pumped Nd:YVO4 laser using composite rod with undoped end,” Electron. Lett. 32, 40–42 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kemp, A.

Kienle, F.

Kisel, V.

Kuizenga, D.

D. Kuizenga, “Short-pulse oscillator development for the Nd:glass laser-fusion systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1694–1708 (1981).
[Crossref]

Kuleshov, N.

Kupchenko, M.

Lagatsky, A.

Lake, T.

Leveque-Fort, S.

Li, B.

Li, D.

Li, G.

Li, T.

Li, X.

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, X. Li, and H. Yang, “Investigation of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 composite crystal and its laser performance pumped by a fiber coupled diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 274, 176–181 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Li, Z. Zhuo, X. Li, H. Yang, and Y. Zhang, “Study on optical characteristics of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 composite crystal laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, 175–177 (2007).

Li, Y.

H. Chu, S. Zhao, K. Yang, J. Zhao, Y. Li, T. Li, G. Li, D. Li, and W. Qiao, “Intracavity KTP optical parametric oscillator driven by a KLM Nd:GGG laser with a single AO modulator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 68, 73–78 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chu, S. Zhao, K. Yang, J. Zhao, Y. Li, D. Li, G. Li, T. Li, and W. Qiao, “Intracavity KTP-based OPO pumped by a dual-loss modulated, simultaneously Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 22, 26925–26932 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liang, H.

Liu, F.

J. Yang, S. Liu, J. He, X. Yang, F. Liu, B. Zhang, J. Xu, H. Yang, and H. Huang, “Tunable simultaneous dual-wavelength laser at 1.9 and 1.7  μm based on KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 28–31 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

J. Yang, S. Liu, J. He, X. Yang, F. Liu, B. Zhang, J. Xu, H. Yang, and H. Huang, “Tunable simultaneous dual-wavelength laser at 1.9 and 1.7  μm based on KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 28–31 (2011).
[Crossref]

Matrosov, V.

Matrosova, T.

McEwan, K.

Qiao, W.

H. Chu, S. Zhao, K. Yang, J. Zhao, Y. Li, T. Li, G. Li, D. Li, and W. Qiao, “Intracavity KTP optical parametric oscillator driven by a KLM Nd:GGG laser with a single AO modulator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 68, 73–78 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chu, S. Zhao, K. Yang, J. Zhao, Y. Li, D. Li, G. Li, T. Li, and W. Qiao, “Intracavity KTP-based OPO pumped by a dual-loss modulated, simultaneously Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 22, 26925–26932 (2014).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D.

Sarmani, A.

Selivanov, A.

Shen, H.

Shepherd, D.

Sibbett, W.

Sinclair, B.

Su, K.

Taguchi, N.

M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, and H. Inaba, “High power operation of diode-end pumped Nd:YVO4 laser using composite rod with undoped end,” Electron. Lett. 32, 40–42 (1996).
[Crossref]

Teh, P.

Troshin, A.

Tsai, L.

Y. Chen, S. Chen, L. Tsai, Y. Chen, and C. Chien, “Efficient sub-nanosecond intracavity optical parametric oscillator pumped with a passively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 823–825 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tsai, S.

Tsunekane, M.

M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, and H. Inaba, “High power operation of diode-end pumped Nd:YVO4 laser using composite rod with undoped end,” Electron. Lett. 32, 40–42 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

Wang, X.

Wei, Y.

Xie, X.

Xu, J.

J. Yang, S. Liu, J. He, X. Yang, F. Liu, B. Zhang, J. Xu, H. Yang, and H. Huang, “Tunable simultaneous dual-wavelength laser at 1.9 and 1.7  μm based on KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 28–31 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, S.

Yakovin, D.

Yang, H.

J. Yang, S. Liu, J. He, X. Yang, F. Liu, B. Zhang, J. Xu, H. Yang, and H. Huang, “Tunable simultaneous dual-wavelength laser at 1.9 and 1.7  μm based on KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 28–31 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Li, Z. Zhuo, X. Li, H. Yang, and Y. Zhang, “Study on optical characteristics of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 composite crystal laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, 175–177 (2007).

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, X. Li, and H. Yang, “Investigation of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 composite crystal and its laser performance pumped by a fiber coupled diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 274, 176–181 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

J. Yang, S. Liu, J. He, X. Yang, F. Liu, B. Zhang, J. Xu, H. Yang, and H. Huang, “Tunable simultaneous dual-wavelength laser at 1.9 and 1.7  μm based on KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 28–31 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, K.

Yang, X.

J. Yang, S. Liu, J. He, X. Yang, F. Liu, B. Zhang, J. Xu, H. Yang, and H. Huang, “Tunable simultaneous dual-wavelength laser at 1.9 and 1.7  μm based on KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 28–31 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

Yumashev, K.

Zhai, S.

Zhang, B.

J. Yang, S. Liu, J. He, X. Yang, F. Liu, B. Zhang, J. Xu, H. Yang, and H. Huang, “Tunable simultaneous dual-wavelength laser at 1.9 and 1.7  μm based on KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 28–31 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, J.

H. Chu, S. Zhao, K. Yang, J. Zhao, Y. Li, T. Li, G. Li, D. Li, and W. Qiao, “Intracavity KTP optical parametric oscillator driven by a KLM Nd:GGG laser with a single AO modulator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 68, 73–78 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chu, S. Zhao, K. Yang, J. Zhao, Y. Li, D. Li, G. Li, T. Li, and W. Qiao, “Intracavity KTP-based OPO pumped by a dual-loss modulated, simultaneously Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 22, 26925–26932 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, S.

Zhuo, Z.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Y. Chen, S. Chen, L. Tsai, Y. Chen, and C. Chien, “Efficient sub-nanosecond intracavity optical parametric oscillator pumped with a passively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 823–825 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, and H. Inaba, “High power operation of diode-end pumped Nd:YVO4 laser using composite rod with undoped end,” Electron. Lett. 32, 40–42 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Kuizenga, “Short-pulse oscillator development for the Nd:glass laser-fusion systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1694–1708 (1981).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Yang, S. Liu, J. He, X. Yang, F. Liu, B. Zhang, J. Xu, H. Yang, and H. Huang, “Tunable simultaneous dual-wavelength laser at 1.9 and 1.7  μm based on KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 28–31 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, X. Li, and H. Yang, “Investigation of Nd:YVO4/YVO4 composite crystal and its laser performance pumped by a fiber coupled diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 274, 176–181 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

H. Chu, S. Zhao, K. Yang, J. Zhao, Y. Li, T. Li, G. Li, D. Li, and W. Qiao, “Intracavity KTP optical parametric oscillator driven by a KLM Nd:GGG laser with a single AO modulator,” Opt. Laser Technol. 68, 73–78 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (9)

F. Kienle, P. Teh, S. Alam, C. Gawith, D. Hanna, D. Richardson, and D. Shepherd, “Compact, high-pulse-energy, picosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3580–3582 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. McEwan, “High-power synchronously pumped AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

V. Donin, D. Yakovin, and A. Gribanov, “Diode-pumped green Nd:YAG laser with Q-switch and mode locking,” Opt. Lett. 37, 338–340 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Liang, Y. Huang, W. Huang, K. Su, and Y. Chen, “High-power, diode-end-pumped, multigigahertz self-mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser at 1342  nm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 4–6 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Conroy, T. Lake, G. Friel, A. Kemp, and B. Sinclair, “Self-Q-switched Nd:YVO4 microchip lasers,” Opt. Lett. 23, 457–459 (1998).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, S. Tsai, and S. Wang, “High-power diode-pumped Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1442–1444 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. Blandin, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, S. Leveque-Fort, and M. Fontaine-Aupart, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser at 914  nm,” Opt. Lett. 31, 214–216 (2006).
[Crossref]

W. Chen, Y. Wei, C. Huang, X. Wang, H. Shen, S. Zhai, S. Xu, B. Li, Z. Chen, and G. Zhang, “Second-Stokes YVO4/Nd:YVO4/YVO4 self-frequency Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1968–1970 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Lagatsky, A. Sarmani, C. Brown, W. Sibbett, V. Kisel, A. Selivanov, I. Denisov, A. Troshin, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Matrosov, T. Matrosova, and M. Kupchenko, “Yb3+-doped YVO4 crystal for efficient Kerr-lens mode locking in solid-state lasers,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3234–3236 (2005).
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic setup of the intracavity KTP OPO pumped by a KLM YVO 4 / Nd : YVO 4 laser coupled with an AOM.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Typical pulse trace with an AOM under incident pump power of 8.76 W. (a) KLM laser, (b) expanded pulse trace. Dashed line: Gaussian fitting.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Average output power of signal wave versus incident pump power. Inset: typical spectra.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Depleted fundamental wave and (b) signal wave at pump power of 5.94 W. Dashed lines: Gaussian fittings.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Typical pulse traces of the signal wave versus incident pump power. Pin: incident pump power. (a) 5.31, (b) 5.94, (c) 6.52, (d) 7.09, (e) 7.69, (f) 8.25, (g) 8.76 W. Dashed lines: Gaussian fittings. (h)  f = 8 M H z .
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Theoretical temporal profiles at incident pump power (a) 5.31, (b) 6.52, (c) 7.69, and (d) 8.76 W.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Pulse duration and peak power versus incident pump power.

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δ = 1 w d w d p | p = 0 ,

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