Abstract

We report on the modification of the wettability of stainless steel by picosecond laser surface microstructuring in this paper. Compared with traditional methods, picosecond laser-induced surface modification provides a fast and facile method for surface modification without chemical damage and environmental pollution. As a result of treatment by 100 ps laser pulses, microstructures are fabricated on the stainless steel sample surface, contributing to the increase of the contact angle from 88° to 105°, which realizes a transformation from hydrophilicity to hydrophobicity. The morphological features of fabricated microstructures are characterized by scanning electron microscopy and optical microscopy.

© 2015 Chinese Laser Press

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  1. D. Bonn, J. Eggers, J. Indekeu, J. Meunier, and E. Rolley, “Wetting and spreading,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 739–805 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Nakajima, K. Abe, K. Hashimoto, and T. Watanable, “Preparation of hard super-hydrophobic films with visible light transmission,” Thin Solid Films 376, 140–143 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  3. K. Teshima, H. Sugimura, Y. Inoue, and O. Takai, “Wettability of poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrates modified by a two-step plasma process: ultra water-repellent surface fabrication,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 10, 295–297 (2004).
  4. Y. N. Xia, J. A. Rogers, K. E. Paul, and G. M. Whitesides, “Unconventional methods for fabricating and patterning nanostructures,” Chem. Rev. 99, 1823–1848 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Shibuichi, T. Yamamoto, T. Onda, and K. Tsujii, “Super water- and oil-repellent surfaces resulting from fractal structure,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 208, 287–294 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. K. Lai, Z. Q. Lin, Z. Chen, J. Y. Huang, and C. J. Lin, “Fabrication of patterned CdS/TiO2 heterojunction by wettability template-assisted electrodeposition,” Mater. Lett. 64, 1309–1312 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Zhou, H. F. Yang, B. J. Li, J. Dai, J. K. Di, E. L. Zhao, and L. Cai, “Forming mechanisms and wettability of double-scale structures fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. A 94, 571–576 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  8. L. L. Ran and S. L. Qu, “Structure formation on the surface of alloys irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 2315–2318 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. S. Mao, F. Quere, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys. A 79, 1695–1709 (2004).
  10. M. Couillard, A. Borowiec, H. K. Haugen, J. S. Preston, E. M. Griswold, and G. A. Botton, “Subsurface modifications in indium phosphide induced by single and multiple femtosecond laser pulses: a study on the formation of periodic ripples,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033519 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. Shen, D. Liu, W. Zhang, G. Dearden, and K. Watkins, “Ultrafast laser surface wettability modification on alumina surface,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S21403 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  12. Y. Y. Dong and P. Molian, “Coulomb explosion-induced formation of highly oriented nanoparticles on thin films of 3C–SiC by the femtosecond pulsed laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 10–12 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  13. Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1703–1705 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  14. T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).
  15. Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  16. M. R. H. Knowles, G. Rutterford, D. Karnakis, and A. Ferguson, “Micro-machining of metals, ceramics and polymers using nanosecond lasers,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 33, 95–102 (2007).
  17. J. G. Fujimoto, J. M. Liu, E. P. Ippen, and N. Bloembergen, “Femtosecond laser interaction with metallic tungsten and nonequilibrium electron and lattice temperatures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1837–1840 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  18. B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 109–115 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  19. A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Colorizing metals with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041914 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  20. D. Dufft, A. Rosenfeld, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, and J. Bonse, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures revisited: a comparative study on ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 034908 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  21. V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römer, A. J. HuisintVeld, J. Z. P. Skolski, J. V. Obona, V. Ocelík, and J. T. M. DeHossond, “Properties of high-frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra short pulse laser irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).
  22. R. N. Wenzel, “Resistance of solid surfaces to wetting by water,” Ind. Eng. Chem. 28, 988–994 (1936).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. B. D. Cassie and S. Baxter, “Wettability of porous surfaces,” Trans. Faraday Soc. 40, 546–551 (1944).
    [Crossref]

2013 (1)

Y. Shen, D. Liu, W. Zhang, G. Dearden, and K. Watkins, “Ultrafast laser surface wettability modification on alumina surface,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S21403 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römer, A. J. HuisintVeld, J. Z. P. Skolski, J. V. Obona, V. Ocelík, and J. T. M. DeHossond, “Properties of high-frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra short pulse laser irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).

2010 (2)

Y. K. Lai, Z. Q. Lin, Z. Chen, J. Y. Huang, and C. J. Lin, “Fabrication of patterned CdS/TiO2 heterojunction by wettability template-assisted electrodeposition,” Mater. Lett. 64, 1309–1312 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. L. Ran and S. L. Qu, “Structure formation on the surface of alloys irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 2315–2318 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

M. Zhou, H. F. Yang, B. J. Li, J. Dai, J. K. Di, E. L. Zhao, and L. Cai, “Forming mechanisms and wettability of double-scale structures fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. A 94, 571–576 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Bonn, J. Eggers, J. Indekeu, J. Meunier, and E. Rolley, “Wetting and spreading,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 739–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Dufft, A. Rosenfeld, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, and J. Bonse, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures revisited: a comparative study on ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 034908 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Colorizing metals with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041914 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

M. R. H. Knowles, G. Rutterford, D. Karnakis, and A. Ferguson, “Micro-machining of metals, ceramics and polymers using nanosecond lasers,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 33, 95–102 (2007).

M. Couillard, A. Borowiec, H. K. Haugen, J. S. Preston, E. M. Griswold, and G. A. Botton, “Subsurface modifications in indium phosphide induced by single and multiple femtosecond laser pulses: a study on the formation of periodic ripples,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033519 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

2004 (3)

Y. Y. Dong and P. Molian, “Coulomb explosion-induced formation of highly oriented nanoparticles on thin films of 3C–SiC by the femtosecond pulsed laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 10–12 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Teshima, H. Sugimura, Y. Inoue, and O. Takai, “Wettability of poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrates modified by a two-step plasma process: ultra water-repellent surface fabrication,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 10, 295–297 (2004).

S. S. Mao, F. Quere, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys. A 79, 1695–1709 (2004).

2003 (2)

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1703–1705 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

A. Nakajima, K. Abe, K. Hashimoto, and T. Watanable, “Preparation of hard super-hydrophobic films with visible light transmission,” Thin Solid Films 376, 140–143 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

Y. N. Xia, J. A. Rogers, K. E. Paul, and G. M. Whitesides, “Unconventional methods for fabricating and patterning nanostructures,” Chem. Rev. 99, 1823–1848 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. Shibuichi, T. Yamamoto, T. Onda, and K. Tsujii, “Super water- and oil-repellent surfaces resulting from fractal structure,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 208, 287–294 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 109–115 (1996).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

J. G. Fujimoto, J. M. Liu, E. P. Ippen, and N. Bloembergen, “Femtosecond laser interaction with metallic tungsten and nonequilibrium electron and lattice temperatures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1837–1840 (1984).
[Crossref]

1944 (1)

A. B. D. Cassie and S. Baxter, “Wettability of porous surfaces,” Trans. Faraday Soc. 40, 546–551 (1944).
[Crossref]

1936 (1)

R. N. Wenzel, “Resistance of solid surfaces to wetting by water,” Ind. Eng. Chem. 28, 988–994 (1936).
[Crossref]

Abe, K.

A. Nakajima, K. Abe, K. Hashimoto, and T. Watanable, “Preparation of hard super-hydrophobic films with visible light transmission,” Thin Solid Films 376, 140–143 (2000).
[Crossref]

Baxter, S.

A. B. D. Cassie and S. Baxter, “Wettability of porous surfaces,” Trans. Faraday Soc. 40, 546–551 (1944).
[Crossref]

Bloembergen, N.

J. G. Fujimoto, J. M. Liu, E. P. Ippen, and N. Bloembergen, “Femtosecond laser interaction with metallic tungsten and nonequilibrium electron and lattice temperatures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1837–1840 (1984).
[Crossref]

Bonn, D.

D. Bonn, J. Eggers, J. Indekeu, J. Meunier, and E. Rolley, “Wetting and spreading,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 739–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bonse, J.

D. Dufft, A. Rosenfeld, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, and J. Bonse, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures revisited: a comparative study on ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 034908 (2009).
[Crossref]

Borowiec, A.

M. Couillard, A. Borowiec, H. K. Haugen, J. S. Preston, E. M. Griswold, and G. A. Botton, “Subsurface modifications in indium phosphide induced by single and multiple femtosecond laser pulses: a study on the formation of periodic ripples,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033519 (2007).
[Crossref]

Botton, G. A.

M. Couillard, A. Borowiec, H. K. Haugen, J. S. Preston, E. M. Griswold, and G. A. Botton, “Subsurface modifications in indium phosphide induced by single and multiple femtosecond laser pulses: a study on the formation of periodic ripples,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033519 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cai, L.

M. Zhou, H. F. Yang, B. J. Li, J. Dai, J. K. Di, E. L. Zhao, and L. Cai, “Forming mechanisms and wettability of double-scale structures fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. A 94, 571–576 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cassie, A. B. D.

A. B. D. Cassie and S. Baxter, “Wettability of porous surfaces,” Trans. Faraday Soc. 40, 546–551 (1944).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. X.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Chen, X. L.

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1703–1705 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

Y. K. Lai, Z. Q. Lin, Z. Chen, J. Y. Huang, and C. J. Lin, “Fabrication of patterned CdS/TiO2 heterojunction by wettability template-assisted electrodeposition,” Mater. Lett. 64, 1309–1312 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chichkov, B. N.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 109–115 (1996).
[Crossref]

Couillard, M.

M. Couillard, A. Borowiec, H. K. Haugen, J. S. Preston, E. M. Griswold, and G. A. Botton, “Subsurface modifications in indium phosphide induced by single and multiple femtosecond laser pulses: a study on the formation of periodic ripples,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033519 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dai, J.

M. Zhou, H. F. Yang, B. J. Li, J. Dai, J. K. Di, E. L. Zhao, and L. Cai, “Forming mechanisms and wettability of double-scale structures fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. A 94, 571–576 (2009).
[Crossref]

Das, S. K.

D. Dufft, A. Rosenfeld, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, and J. Bonse, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures revisited: a comparative study on ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 034908 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dearden, G.

Y. Shen, D. Liu, W. Zhang, G. Dearden, and K. Watkins, “Ultrafast laser surface wettability modification on alumina surface,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S21403 (2013).
[Crossref]

DeHossond, J. T. M.

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römer, A. J. HuisintVeld, J. Z. P. Skolski, J. V. Obona, V. Ocelík, and J. T. M. DeHossond, “Properties of high-frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra short pulse laser irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).

Di, J. K.

M. Zhou, H. F. Yang, B. J. Li, J. Dai, J. K. Di, E. L. Zhao, and L. Cai, “Forming mechanisms and wettability of double-scale structures fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. A 94, 571–576 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dong, Y. Y.

Y. Y. Dong and P. Molian, “Coulomb explosion-induced formation of highly oriented nanoparticles on thin films of 3C–SiC by the femtosecond pulsed laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 10–12 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dufft, D.

D. Dufft, A. Rosenfeld, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, and J. Bonse, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures revisited: a comparative study on ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 034908 (2009).
[Crossref]

Eggers, J.

D. Bonn, J. Eggers, J. Indekeu, J. Meunier, and E. Rolley, “Wetting and spreading,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 739–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fang, R. C.

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1703–1705 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ferguson, A.

M. R. H. Knowles, G. Rutterford, D. Karnakis, and A. Ferguson, “Micro-machining of metals, ceramics and polymers using nanosecond lasers,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 33, 95–102 (2007).

Fujimoto, J. G.

J. G. Fujimoto, J. M. Liu, E. P. Ippen, and N. Bloembergen, “Femtosecond laser interaction with metallic tungsten and nonequilibrium electron and lattice temperatures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1837–1840 (1984).
[Crossref]

Griswold, E. M.

M. Couillard, A. Borowiec, H. K. Haugen, J. S. Preston, E. M. Griswold, and G. A. Botton, “Subsurface modifications in indium phosphide induced by single and multiple femtosecond laser pulses: a study on the formation of periodic ripples,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033519 (2007).
[Crossref]

Grunwald, R.

D. Dufft, A. Rosenfeld, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, and J. Bonse, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures revisited: a comparative study on ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 034908 (2009).
[Crossref]

Guizard, S.

S. S. Mao, F. Quere, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys. A 79, 1695–1709 (2004).

Guo, C. L.

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Colorizing metals with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041914 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hashimoto, K.

A. Nakajima, K. Abe, K. Hashimoto, and T. Watanable, “Preparation of hard super-hydrophobic films with visible light transmission,” Thin Solid Films 376, 140–143 (2000).
[Crossref]

Haugen, H. K.

M. Couillard, A. Borowiec, H. K. Haugen, J. S. Preston, E. M. Griswold, and G. A. Botton, “Subsurface modifications in indium phosphide induced by single and multiple femtosecond laser pulses: a study on the formation of periodic ripples,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033519 (2007).
[Crossref]

He, X. K.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Hirao, K.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[Crossref]

Huang, J. Y.

Y. K. Lai, Z. Q. Lin, Z. Chen, J. Y. Huang, and C. J. Lin, “Fabrication of patterned CdS/TiO2 heterojunction by wettability template-assisted electrodeposition,” Mater. Lett. 64, 1309–1312 (2010).
[Crossref]

Huang, M.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

HuisintVeld, A. J.

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römer, A. J. HuisintVeld, J. Z. P. Skolski, J. V. Obona, V. Ocelík, and J. T. M. DeHossond, “Properties of high-frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra short pulse laser irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).

Indekeu, J.

D. Bonn, J. Eggers, J. Indekeu, J. Meunier, and E. Rolley, “Wetting and spreading,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 739–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

Inoue, Y.

K. Teshima, H. Sugimura, Y. Inoue, and O. Takai, “Wettability of poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrates modified by a two-step plasma process: ultra water-repellent surface fabrication,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 10, 295–297 (2004).

Ippen, E. P.

J. G. Fujimoto, J. M. Liu, E. P. Ippen, and N. Bloembergen, “Femtosecond laser interaction with metallic tungsten and nonequilibrium electron and lattice temperatures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1837–1840 (1984).
[Crossref]

Jia, T. Q.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Karnakis, D.

M. R. H. Knowles, G. Rutterford, D. Karnakis, and A. Ferguson, “Micro-machining of metals, ceramics and polymers using nanosecond lasers,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 33, 95–102 (2007).

Kazansky, P. G.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[Crossref]

Knowles, M. R. H.

M. R. H. Knowles, G. Rutterford, D. Karnakis, and A. Ferguson, “Micro-machining of metals, ceramics and polymers using nanosecond lasers,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 33, 95–102 (2007).

Kuroda, H.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Lai, Y. K.

Y. K. Lai, Z. Q. Lin, Z. Chen, J. Y. Huang, and C. J. Lin, “Fabrication of patterned CdS/TiO2 heterojunction by wettability template-assisted electrodeposition,” Mater. Lett. 64, 1309–1312 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, B. J.

M. Zhou, H. F. Yang, B. J. Li, J. Dai, J. K. Di, E. L. Zhao, and L. Cai, “Forming mechanisms and wettability of double-scale structures fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. A 94, 571–576 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, R. X.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Liao, Y.

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1703–1705 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. J.

Y. K. Lai, Z. Q. Lin, Z. Chen, J. Y. Huang, and C. J. Lin, “Fabrication of patterned CdS/TiO2 heterojunction by wettability template-assisted electrodeposition,” Mater. Lett. 64, 1309–1312 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lin, Z. Q.

Y. K. Lai, Z. Q. Lin, Z. Chen, J. Y. Huang, and C. J. Lin, “Fabrication of patterned CdS/TiO2 heterojunction by wettability template-assisted electrodeposition,” Mater. Lett. 64, 1309–1312 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, D.

Y. Shen, D. Liu, W. Zhang, G. Dearden, and K. Watkins, “Ultrafast laser surface wettability modification on alumina surface,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S21403 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, J. M.

J. G. Fujimoto, J. M. Liu, E. P. Ippen, and N. Bloembergen, “Femtosecond laser interaction with metallic tungsten and nonequilibrium electron and lattice temperatures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1837–1840 (1984).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y. R.

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1703–1705 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mao, S. S.

S. S. Mao, F. Quere, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys. A 79, 1695–1709 (2004).

Mao, X.

S. S. Mao, F. Quere, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys. A 79, 1695–1709 (2004).

Martin, P.

S. S. Mao, F. Quere, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys. A 79, 1695–1709 (2004).

Meunier, J.

D. Bonn, J. Eggers, J. Indekeu, J. Meunier, and E. Rolley, “Wetting and spreading,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 739–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mitko, V. S.

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römer, A. J. HuisintVeld, J. Z. P. Skolski, J. V. Obona, V. Ocelík, and J. T. M. DeHossond, “Properties of high-frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra short pulse laser irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).

Molian, P.

Y. Y. Dong and P. Molian, “Coulomb explosion-induced formation of highly oriented nanoparticles on thin films of 3C–SiC by the femtosecond pulsed laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 10–12 (2004).
[Crossref]

Momma, C.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 109–115 (1996).
[Crossref]

Nakajima, A.

A. Nakajima, K. Abe, K. Hashimoto, and T. Watanable, “Preparation of hard super-hydrophobic films with visible light transmission,” Thin Solid Films 376, 140–143 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nolte, S.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 109–115 (1996).
[Crossref]

Obona, J. V.

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römer, A. J. HuisintVeld, J. Z. P. Skolski, J. V. Obona, V. Ocelík, and J. T. M. DeHossond, “Properties of high-frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra short pulse laser irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).

Ocelík, V.

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römer, A. J. HuisintVeld, J. Z. P. Skolski, J. V. Obona, V. Ocelík, and J. T. M. DeHossond, “Properties of high-frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra short pulse laser irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).

Onda, T.

S. Shibuichi, T. Yamamoto, T. Onda, and K. Tsujii, “Super water- and oil-repellent surfaces resulting from fractal structure,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 208, 287–294 (1998).
[Crossref]

Paul, K. E.

Y. N. Xia, J. A. Rogers, K. E. Paul, and G. M. Whitesides, “Unconventional methods for fabricating and patterning nanostructures,” Chem. Rev. 99, 1823–1848 (1999).
[Crossref]

Petite, G.

S. S. Mao, F. Quere, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys. A 79, 1695–1709 (2004).

Preston, J. S.

M. Couillard, A. Borowiec, H. K. Haugen, J. S. Preston, E. M. Griswold, and G. A. Botton, “Subsurface modifications in indium phosphide induced by single and multiple femtosecond laser pulses: a study on the formation of periodic ripples,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033519 (2007).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J. R.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[Crossref]

Qu, S. L.

L. L. Ran and S. L. Qu, “Structure formation on the surface of alloys irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 2315–2318 (2010).
[Crossref]

Quere, F.

S. S. Mao, F. Quere, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys. A 79, 1695–1709 (2004).

Ran, L. L.

L. L. Ran and S. L. Qu, “Structure formation on the surface of alloys irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 2315–2318 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rogers, J. A.

Y. N. Xia, J. A. Rogers, K. E. Paul, and G. M. Whitesides, “Unconventional methods for fabricating and patterning nanostructures,” Chem. Rev. 99, 1823–1848 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rolley, E.

D. Bonn, J. Eggers, J. Indekeu, J. Meunier, and E. Rolley, “Wetting and spreading,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 739–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

Römer, G. R. B. E.

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römer, A. J. HuisintVeld, J. Z. P. Skolski, J. V. Obona, V. Ocelík, and J. T. M. DeHossond, “Properties of high-frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra short pulse laser irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).

Rosenfeld, A.

D. Dufft, A. Rosenfeld, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, and J. Bonse, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures revisited: a comparative study on ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 034908 (2009).
[Crossref]

Russo, R. E.

S. S. Mao, F. Quere, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys. A 79, 1695–1709 (2004).

Rutterford, G.

M. R. H. Knowles, G. Rutterford, D. Karnakis, and A. Ferguson, “Micro-machining of metals, ceramics and polymers using nanosecond lasers,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 33, 95–102 (2007).

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, D. Liu, W. Zhang, G. Dearden, and K. Watkins, “Ultrafast laser surface wettability modification on alumina surface,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S21403 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shibuichi, S.

S. Shibuichi, T. Yamamoto, T. Onda, and K. Tsujii, “Super water- and oil-repellent surfaces resulting from fractal structure,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 208, 287–294 (1998).
[Crossref]

Shimotsuma, Y.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[Crossref]

Skolski, J. Z. P.

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römer, A. J. HuisintVeld, J. Z. P. Skolski, J. V. Obona, V. Ocelík, and J. T. M. DeHossond, “Properties of high-frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra short pulse laser irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).

Sugimura, H.

K. Teshima, H. Sugimura, Y. Inoue, and O. Takai, “Wettability of poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrates modified by a two-step plasma process: ultra water-repellent surface fabrication,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 10, 295–297 (2004).

Takai, O.

K. Teshima, H. Sugimura, Y. Inoue, and O. Takai, “Wettability of poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrates modified by a two-step plasma process: ultra water-repellent surface fabrication,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 10, 295–297 (2004).

Teshima, K.

K. Teshima, H. Sugimura, Y. Inoue, and O. Takai, “Wettability of poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrates modified by a two-step plasma process: ultra water-repellent surface fabrication,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 10, 295–297 (2004).

Tsujii, K.

S. Shibuichi, T. Yamamoto, T. Onda, and K. Tsujii, “Super water- and oil-repellent surfaces resulting from fractal structure,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 208, 287–294 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 109–115 (1996).
[Crossref]

von Alvensleben, F.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 109–115 (1996).
[Crossref]

Vorobyev, A. Y.

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Colorizing metals with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041914 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1703–1705 (2003).
[Crossref]

Watanable, T.

A. Nakajima, K. Abe, K. Hashimoto, and T. Watanable, “Preparation of hard super-hydrophobic films with visible light transmission,” Thin Solid Films 376, 140–143 (2000).
[Crossref]

Watkins, K.

Y. Shen, D. Liu, W. Zhang, G. Dearden, and K. Watkins, “Ultrafast laser surface wettability modification on alumina surface,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S21403 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wenzel, R. N.

R. N. Wenzel, “Resistance of solid surfaces to wetting by water,” Ind. Eng. Chem. 28, 988–994 (1936).
[Crossref]

Whitesides, G. M.

Y. N. Xia, J. A. Rogers, K. E. Paul, and G. M. Whitesides, “Unconventional methods for fabricating and patterning nanostructures,” Chem. Rev. 99, 1823–1848 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wu, Q. H.

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1703–1705 (2003).
[Crossref]

Xia, Y. N.

Y. N. Xia, J. A. Rogers, K. E. Paul, and G. M. Whitesides, “Unconventional methods for fabricating and patterning nanostructures,” Chem. Rev. 99, 1823–1848 (1999).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z. Z.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Yamamoto, T.

S. Shibuichi, T. Yamamoto, T. Onda, and K. Tsujii, “Super water- and oil-repellent surfaces resulting from fractal structure,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 208, 287–294 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yang, H. F.

M. Zhou, H. F. Yang, B. J. Li, J. Dai, J. K. Di, E. L. Zhao, and L. Cai, “Forming mechanisms and wettability of double-scale structures fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. A 94, 571–576 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yu, Q. X.

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1703–1705 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Zhang, W.

Y. Shen, D. Liu, W. Zhang, G. Dearden, and K. Watkins, “Ultrafast laser surface wettability modification on alumina surface,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S21403 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, E. L.

M. Zhou, H. F. Yang, B. J. Li, J. Dai, J. K. Di, E. L. Zhao, and L. Cai, “Forming mechanisms and wettability of double-scale structures fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. A 94, 571–576 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhao, F. L.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Zhou, M.

M. Zhou, H. F. Yang, B. J. Li, J. Dai, J. K. Di, E. L. Zhao, and L. Cai, “Forming mechanisms and wettability of double-scale structures fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. A 94, 571–576 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. A (3)

M. Zhou, H. F. Yang, B. J. Li, J. Dai, J. K. Di, E. L. Zhao, and L. Cai, “Forming mechanisms and wettability of double-scale structures fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. A 94, 571–576 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. S. Mao, F. Quere, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R. E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin, “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics,” Appl. Phys. A 79, 1695–1709 (2004).

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 109–115 (1996).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. L. Guo, “Colorizing metals with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041914 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Y. Dong and P. Molian, “Coulomb explosion-induced formation of highly oriented nanoparticles on thin films of 3C–SiC by the femtosecond pulsed laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 10–12 (2004).
[Crossref]

Q. H. Wu, Y. R. Ma, R. C. Fang, Y. Liao, Q. X. Yu, X. L. Chen, and K. Wang, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on diamond film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1703–1705 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

L. L. Ran and S. L. Qu, “Structure formation on the surface of alloys irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 2315–2318 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (1)

Y. N. Xia, J. A. Rogers, K. E. Paul, and G. M. Whitesides, “Unconventional methods for fabricating and patterning nanostructures,” Chem. Rev. 99, 1823–1848 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chem. Vap. Deposition (1)

K. Teshima, H. Sugimura, Y. Inoue, and O. Takai, “Wettability of poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrates modified by a two-step plasma process: ultra water-repellent surface fabrication,” Chem. Vap. Deposition 10, 295–297 (2004).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Y. Shen, D. Liu, W. Zhang, G. Dearden, and K. Watkins, “Ultrafast laser surface wettability modification on alumina surface,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S21403 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ind. Eng. Chem. (1)

R. N. Wenzel, “Resistance of solid surfaces to wetting by water,” Ind. Eng. Chem. 28, 988–994 (1936).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. (1)

M. R. H. Knowles, G. Rutterford, D. Karnakis, and A. Ferguson, “Micro-machining of metals, ceramics and polymers using nanosecond lasers,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 33, 95–102 (2007).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

M. Couillard, A. Borowiec, H. K. Haugen, J. S. Preston, E. M. Griswold, and G. A. Botton, “Subsurface modifications in indium phosphide induced by single and multiple femtosecond laser pulses: a study on the formation of periodic ripples,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033519 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Dufft, A. Rosenfeld, S. K. Das, R. Grunwald, and J. Bonse, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures revisited: a comparative study on ZnO,” J. Appl. Phys. 105, 034908 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Colloid Interface Sci. (1)

S. Shibuichi, T. Yamamoto, T. Onda, and K. Tsujii, “Super water- and oil-repellent surfaces resulting from fractal structure,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 208, 287–294 (1998).
[Crossref]

Mater. Lett. (1)

Y. K. Lai, Z. Q. Lin, Z. Chen, J. Y. Huang, and C. J. Lin, “Fabrication of patterned CdS/TiO2 heterojunction by wettability template-assisted electrodeposition,” Mater. Lett. 64, 1309–1312 (2010).
[Crossref]

Phys. Procedia (1)

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römer, A. J. HuisintVeld, J. Z. P. Skolski, J. V. Obona, V. Ocelík, and J. T. M. DeHossond, “Properties of high-frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra short pulse laser irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. G. Fujimoto, J. M. Liu, E. P. Ippen, and N. Bloembergen, “Femtosecond laser interaction with metallic tungsten and nonequilibrium electron and lattice temperatures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1837–1840 (1984).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

D. Bonn, J. Eggers, J. Indekeu, J. Meunier, and E. Rolley, “Wetting and spreading,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 739–805 (2009).
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (1)

A. Nakajima, K. Abe, K. Hashimoto, and T. Watanable, “Preparation of hard super-hydrophobic films with visible light transmission,” Thin Solid Films 376, 140–143 (2000).
[Crossref]

Trans. Faraday Soc. (1)

A. B. D. Cassie and S. Baxter, “Wettability of porous surfaces,” Trans. Faraday Soc. 40, 546–551 (1944).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Image of the treated areas under different parameters. From the first to the eighth areas, scanning speeds and intervals are 400 μm/s and 20 μm, 1000 μm/s and 40 μm, 2000 μm/s and 60 μm, 3000 μm/s and 80 μm, 4000 μm/s and 100 μm, 5000 μm/s and 120 μm, 6000 μm/s and 140 μm, 7000 μm/s and 160 μm, respectively.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. OM images of the treated AISI 304 stainless steels under different parameters: (a) 1000 μm/s scanning speed and 40 μm scanning interval, (b) 2000 μm/s scanning speed and 60 μm scanning interval, (c) 3000 μm/s scanning speed and 80 μm scanning interval, and (d) 4000 μm/s scanning speed and 100 μm scanning interval.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) SEM image of the treated AISI 304 stainless steel under 2000 μm/s scanning speed and 60 μm scanning interval with four periods of microstructures, (b) SEM image of the treated AISI 304 stainless steel with two periods of microstructures, (c) SEM image of the cavities and mastoids fabricated on the surface, and (d) SEM image of the low spatial frequency picosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Alteration of static contact angle under different scanning intervals and different scanning speeds when processing AISI 304 stainless steel.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Alteration of static contact angle under different scanning intervals and different scanning speeds when processing AISI 316 stainless steel, respectively.

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