Abstract

The influence of the axial relative motion between the target and the source on ghost imaging (GI) is investigated. Both the analytical and experimental results show that the transverse resolution of GI is reduced as the deviation of the target’s center position from the optical axis or the axial motion range increases. To overcome the motion blur, we propose a deblurring method based on speckle-resizing and speed retrieval, and we experimentally validate its effectiveness for an axially moving target with an unknown constant speed. The results demonstrated here will be very useful to forward-looking GI remote sensing.

© 2015 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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  1. J. Cheng and S. Han, “Incoherent coincidence imaging and its applicability in X-ray diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light: comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. D’Angelo and Y. H. Shih, “Quantum imaging,” Laser Phys. Lett. 2, 567–596 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  4. D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. Wang, “Geometrical optics in correlated imaging systems,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  5. D. Zhang, Y.-H. Zhai, L.-A. Wu, and X.-H. Chen, “Correlated two-photon imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2354–2356 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  7. W. Gong, P. Zhang, X. Shen, and S. Han, “Ghost ‘pinhole’ imaging in Fraunhofer region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 071110 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  8. Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  9. B. I. Erkmen and J. H. Shapiro, “Ghost imaging: from quantum to classical to computational,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 2, 405–450 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. H. Shapiro and R. W. Boyd, “The physics of ghost imaging,” Quantum Inf. Process. 11, 949–993 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. Cheng, “Ghost imaging through turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Express 17, 7916–7921 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  12. P. Zhang, W. Gong, X. Shen, and S. Han, “Correlated imaging through atmospheric turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033817 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  13. W. Gong and S. Han, “Correlated imaging in scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 36, 394–396 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  14. N. D. Hardy and J. H. Shapiro, “Reflective ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 063824 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  15. R. E. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  16. C. Zhao, W. Gong, M. Chen, E. Li, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  17. B. I. Erkmen, “Computational ghost imaging for remote sensing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 782–789 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  18. M. Chen, E. Li, W. Gong, Z. Bo, X. Xu, C. Zhao, X. Shen, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints in real atmosphere,” Opt. Photon. J. 3, 83–85 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  19. N. D. Hardy and J. H. Shapiro, “Computational ghost imaging versus imaging laser radar for three-dimensional imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 023820 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  20. W. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Jiao, E. Li, M. Chen, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Three-dimensional ghost imaging ladar,” arXiv:1301.5767 [Quant-ph].
  21. W. Gong and S. Han, “Experimental investigation of the quality of lensless super-resolution ghost imaging via sparsity constraints,” Phys. Lett. A 376, 1519–1522 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  22. W. Gong and S. Han, “High-resolution far-field ghost imaging via sparsity constraint,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9280 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  23. S. S. Welsh, M. P. Edgar, R. Bowman, P. Jonathan, B. Sun, and M. J. Padgett, “Fast full-color computational imaging with single-pixel detectors,” Opt. Express 21, 23068–23074 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  24. H. Li, J. Xiong, and G. Zeng, “Lensless ghost imaging for moving objects,” Opt. Eng. 50, 127005 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  25. C. Zhang, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging for moving targets and its application in remote sensing,” Chin. J. Lasers 39, 1214003 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  26. C. Zhang, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Improving imaging resolution of shaking targets by Fourier-transform ghost diffraction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 021111 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  27. E. Li, Z. Bo, M. Chen, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging of a moving target with an unknown constant speed,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 251120 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  28. J. W. Goodman, Speckle Phenomena in Optics: Theory and Applications (Roberts and Company, 2005).
  29. W. Gong and S. Han, “The influence of axial correlation depth of light field on lensless ghost imaging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 675–678 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  30. D. N. Klyshko, Photons and Nonlinear Optics (Gordon and Breach, 1988).

2015 (1)

W. Gong and S. Han, “High-resolution far-field ghost imaging via sparsity constraint,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9280 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

E. Li, Z. Bo, M. Chen, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging of a moving target with an unknown constant speed,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 251120 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

C. Zhang, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Improving imaging resolution of shaking targets by Fourier-transform ghost diffraction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 021111 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. S. Welsh, M. P. Edgar, R. Bowman, P. Jonathan, B. Sun, and M. J. Padgett, “Fast full-color computational imaging with single-pixel detectors,” Opt. Express 21, 23068–23074 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Chen, E. Li, W. Gong, Z. Bo, X. Xu, C. Zhao, X. Shen, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints in real atmosphere,” Opt. Photon. J. 3, 83–85 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. D. Hardy and J. H. Shapiro, “Computational ghost imaging versus imaging laser radar for three-dimensional imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 023820 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

W. Gong and S. Han, “Experimental investigation of the quality of lensless super-resolution ghost imaging via sparsity constraints,” Phys. Lett. A 376, 1519–1522 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, W. Gong, M. Chen, E. Li, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. I. Erkmen, “Computational ghost imaging for remote sensing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 782–789 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. H. Shapiro and R. W. Boyd, “The physics of ghost imaging,” Quantum Inf. Process. 11, 949–993 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging for moving targets and its application in remote sensing,” Chin. J. Lasers 39, 1214003 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

H. Li, J. Xiong, and G. Zeng, “Lensless ghost imaging for moving objects,” Opt. Eng. 50, 127005 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. Gong and S. Han, “Correlated imaging in scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 36, 394–396 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. D. Hardy and J. H. Shapiro, “Reflective ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 063824 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. E. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

2009 (3)

W. Gong, P. Zhang, X. Shen, and S. Han, “Ghost ‘pinhole’ imaging in Fraunhofer region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 071110 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Cheng, “Ghost imaging through turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Express 17, 7916–7921 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

M. D’Angelo and Y. H. Shih, “Quantum imaging,” Laser Phys. Lett. 2, 567–596 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. Wang, “Geometrical optics in correlated imaging systems,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Zhang, Y.-H. Zhai, L.-A. Wu, and X.-H. Chen, “Correlated two-photon imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2354–2356 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

J. Cheng and S. Han, “Incoherent coincidence imaging and its applicability in X-ray diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light: comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bache, M.

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light: comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bo, Z.

E. Li, Z. Bo, M. Chen, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging of a moving target with an unknown constant speed,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 251120 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Chen, E. Li, W. Gong, Z. Bo, X. Xu, C. Zhao, X. Shen, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints in real atmosphere,” Opt. Photon. J. 3, 83–85 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bowman, R.

Boyd, R. W.

J. H. Shapiro and R. W. Boyd, “The physics of ghost imaging,” Quantum Inf. Process. 11, 949–993 (2012).
[Crossref]

Brambilla, E.

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light: comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bromberg, Y.

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cao, D. Z.

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. Wang, “Geometrical optics in correlated imaging systems,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

E. Li, Z. Bo, M. Chen, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging of a moving target with an unknown constant speed,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 251120 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Chen, E. Li, W. Gong, Z. Bo, X. Xu, C. Zhao, X. Shen, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints in real atmosphere,” Opt. Photon. J. 3, 83–85 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, W. Gong, M. Chen, E. Li, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Jiao, E. Li, M. Chen, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Three-dimensional ghost imaging ladar,” arXiv:1301.5767 [Quant-ph].

Chen, X.-H.

Cheng, J.

J. Cheng, “Ghost imaging through turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Express 17, 7916–7921 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Cheng and S. Han, “Incoherent coincidence imaging and its applicability in X-ray diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[Crossref]

D’Angelo, M.

M. D’Angelo and Y. H. Shih, “Quantum imaging,” Laser Phys. Lett. 2, 567–596 (2005).
[Crossref]

Deacon, K. S.

R. E. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
[Crossref]

Edgar, M. P.

Erkmen, B. I.

Ferri, F.

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gatti, A.

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light: comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gong, W.

W. Gong and S. Han, “High-resolution far-field ghost imaging via sparsity constraint,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9280 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Li, Z. Bo, M. Chen, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging of a moving target with an unknown constant speed,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 251120 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Improving imaging resolution of shaking targets by Fourier-transform ghost diffraction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 021111 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Chen, E. Li, W. Gong, Z. Bo, X. Xu, C. Zhao, X. Shen, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints in real atmosphere,” Opt. Photon. J. 3, 83–85 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Gong and S. Han, “Experimental investigation of the quality of lensless super-resolution ghost imaging via sparsity constraints,” Phys. Lett. A 376, 1519–1522 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging for moving targets and its application in remote sensing,” Chin. J. Lasers 39, 1214003 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, W. Gong, M. Chen, E. Li, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Gong and S. Han, “Correlated imaging in scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 36, 394–396 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. Gong and S. Han, “The influence of axial correlation depth of light field on lensless ghost imaging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 675–678 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Zhang, W. Gong, X. Shen, and S. Han, “Correlated imaging through atmospheric turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033817 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Gong, P. Zhang, X. Shen, and S. Han, “Ghost ‘pinhole’ imaging in Fraunhofer region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 071110 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Jiao, E. Li, M. Chen, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Three-dimensional ghost imaging ladar,” arXiv:1301.5767 [Quant-ph].

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Speckle Phenomena in Optics: Theory and Applications (Roberts and Company, 2005).

Han, S.

W. Gong and S. Han, “High-resolution far-field ghost imaging via sparsity constraint,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9280 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Li, Z. Bo, M. Chen, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging of a moving target with an unknown constant speed,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 251120 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Improving imaging resolution of shaking targets by Fourier-transform ghost diffraction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 021111 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Chen, E. Li, W. Gong, Z. Bo, X. Xu, C. Zhao, X. Shen, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints in real atmosphere,” Opt. Photon. J. 3, 83–85 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging for moving targets and its application in remote sensing,” Chin. J. Lasers 39, 1214003 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Gong and S. Han, “Experimental investigation of the quality of lensless super-resolution ghost imaging via sparsity constraints,” Phys. Lett. A 376, 1519–1522 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, W. Gong, M. Chen, E. Li, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Gong and S. Han, “Correlated imaging in scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 36, 394–396 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. Gong and S. Han, “The influence of axial correlation depth of light field on lensless ghost imaging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 675–678 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Zhang, W. Gong, X. Shen, and S. Han, “Correlated imaging through atmospheric turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033817 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Gong, P. Zhang, X. Shen, and S. Han, “Ghost ‘pinhole’ imaging in Fraunhofer region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 071110 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Cheng and S. Han, “Incoherent coincidence imaging and its applicability in X-ray diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[Crossref]

W. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Jiao, E. Li, M. Chen, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Three-dimensional ghost imaging ladar,” arXiv:1301.5767 [Quant-ph].

Hardy, N. D.

N. D. Hardy and J. H. Shapiro, “Computational ghost imaging versus imaging laser radar for three-dimensional imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 023820 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. D. Hardy and J. H. Shapiro, “Reflective ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 063824 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jiao, J.

W. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Jiao, E. Li, M. Chen, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Three-dimensional ghost imaging ladar,” arXiv:1301.5767 [Quant-ph].

Jonathan, P.

Katz, O.

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[Crossref]

Klyshko, D. N.

D. N. Klyshko, Photons and Nonlinear Optics (Gordon and Breach, 1988).

Li, E.

E. Li, Z. Bo, M. Chen, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging of a moving target with an unknown constant speed,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 251120 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Chen, E. Li, W. Gong, Z. Bo, X. Xu, C. Zhao, X. Shen, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints in real atmosphere,” Opt. Photon. J. 3, 83–85 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, W. Gong, M. Chen, E. Li, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Jiao, E. Li, M. Chen, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Three-dimensional ghost imaging ladar,” arXiv:1301.5767 [Quant-ph].

Li, H.

H. Li, J. Xiong, and G. Zeng, “Lensless ghost imaging for moving objects,” Opt. Eng. 50, 127005 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lugiato, L. A.

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light: comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[Crossref]

Magatti, D.

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
[Crossref]

Meyers, R. E.

R. E. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M. J.

Shapiro, J. H.

N. D. Hardy and J. H. Shapiro, “Computational ghost imaging versus imaging laser radar for three-dimensional imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 023820 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. H. Shapiro and R. W. Boyd, “The physics of ghost imaging,” Quantum Inf. Process. 11, 949–993 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. D. Hardy and J. H. Shapiro, “Reflective ghost imaging through turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 063824 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. I. Erkmen and J. H. Shapiro, “Ghost imaging: from quantum to classical to computational,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 2, 405–450 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shen, X.

M. Chen, E. Li, W. Gong, Z. Bo, X. Xu, C. Zhao, X. Shen, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints in real atmosphere,” Opt. Photon. J. 3, 83–85 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Zhang, W. Gong, X. Shen, and S. Han, “Correlated imaging through atmospheric turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033817 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Gong, P. Zhang, X. Shen, and S. Han, “Ghost ‘pinhole’ imaging in Fraunhofer region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 071110 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shih, Y.

R. E. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shih, Y. H.

M. D’Angelo and Y. H. Shih, “Quantum imaging,” Laser Phys. Lett. 2, 567–596 (2005).
[Crossref]

Silberberg, Y.

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sun, B.

Wang, H.

C. Zhao, W. Gong, M. Chen, E. Li, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Jiao, E. Li, M. Chen, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Three-dimensional ghost imaging ladar,” arXiv:1301.5767 [Quant-ph].

Wang, K.

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. Wang, “Geometrical optics in correlated imaging systems,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[Crossref]

Welsh, S. S.

Wu, L.-A.

Xiong, J.

H. Li, J. Xiong, and G. Zeng, “Lensless ghost imaging for moving objects,” Opt. Eng. 50, 127005 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. Wang, “Geometrical optics in correlated imaging systems,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[Crossref]

Xu, W.

M. Chen, E. Li, W. Gong, Z. Bo, X. Xu, C. Zhao, X. Shen, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints in real atmosphere,” Opt. Photon. J. 3, 83–85 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, W. Gong, M. Chen, E. Li, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Jiao, E. Li, M. Chen, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Three-dimensional ghost imaging ladar,” arXiv:1301.5767 [Quant-ph].

Xu, X.

M. Chen, E. Li, W. Gong, Z. Bo, X. Xu, C. Zhao, X. Shen, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints in real atmosphere,” Opt. Photon. J. 3, 83–85 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zeng, G.

H. Li, J. Xiong, and G. Zeng, “Lensless ghost imaging for moving objects,” Opt. Eng. 50, 127005 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhai, Y.-H.

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Improving imaging resolution of shaking targets by Fourier-transform ghost diffraction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 021111 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging for moving targets and its application in remote sensing,” Chin. J. Lasers 39, 1214003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

Zhang, P.

P. Zhang, W. Gong, X. Shen, and S. Han, “Correlated imaging through atmospheric turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033817 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Gong, P. Zhang, X. Shen, and S. Han, “Ghost ‘pinhole’ imaging in Fraunhofer region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 071110 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

M. Chen, E. Li, W. Gong, Z. Bo, X. Xu, C. Zhao, X. Shen, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints in real atmosphere,” Opt. Photon. J. 3, 83–85 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, W. Gong, M. Chen, E. Li, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Jiao, E. Li, M. Chen, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Three-dimensional ghost imaging ladar,” arXiv:1301.5767 [Quant-ph].

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

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R. E. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
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C. Zhao, W. Gong, M. Chen, E. Li, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141123 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Gong, P. Zhang, X. Shen, and S. Han, “Ghost ‘pinhole’ imaging in Fraunhofer region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 071110 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Improving imaging resolution of shaking targets by Fourier-transform ghost diffraction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 021111 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Li, Z. Bo, M. Chen, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging of a moving target with an unknown constant speed,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 251120 (2014).
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C. Zhang, W. Gong, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging for moving targets and its application in remote sensing,” Chin. J. Lasers 39, 1214003 (2012).
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Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Photon. J. (1)

M. Chen, E. Li, W. Gong, Z. Bo, X. Xu, C. Zhao, X. Shen, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Ghost imaging lidar via sparsity constraints in real atmosphere,” Opt. Photon. J. 3, 83–85 (2013).
[Crossref]

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W. Gong and S. Han, “Experimental investigation of the quality of lensless super-resolution ghost imaging via sparsity constraints,” Phys. Lett. A 376, 1519–1522 (2012).
[Crossref]

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N. D. Hardy and J. H. Shapiro, “Computational ghost imaging versus imaging laser radar for three-dimensional imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 023820 (2013).
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P. Zhang, W. Gong, X. Shen, and S. Han, “Correlated imaging through atmospheric turbulence,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033817 (2010).
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Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
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D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. Wang, “Geometrical optics in correlated imaging systems,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
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W. Gong and S. Han, “High-resolution far-field ghost imaging via sparsity constraint,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9280 (2015).
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J. W. Goodman, Speckle Phenomena in Optics: Theory and Applications (Roberts and Company, 2005).

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W. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Jiao, E. Li, M. Chen, H. Wang, W. Xu, and S. Han, “Three-dimensional ghost imaging ladar,” arXiv:1301.5767 [Quant-ph].

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental schematic of lensless pseudo-thermal light GI for an axially moving target.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Phenomenological explanation of motion blur of lensless pseudo-thermal light GI for an axially moving target. The pseudo-thermal light S acts as a phase conjugated mirror.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Experimental reconstruction results of GI without and with speckle-resizing for an axially moving target with an unknown constant speed (the motion speed is about 80 μm/s and the axial motion range Δ z 1 = 40 mm ). (a) GI reconstruction result without speckle-resizing; (b) GI reconstruction results with speckle-resizing, corresponding to the estimated speed of point B (○) labeled in (d); (c) GI reconstruction results with speckle-resizing, corresponding to the estimated speed of point C (▵) labeled in (d); (d) relationship between the discrepancy D ( v ) and v (corresponding to the case Δ x = 4.0 mm ). From the left to right of (a) through (c), the deviation of the target’s center position from the optical axis Δ x is 0, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0 mm.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Effect of the motion range Δ z 1 on GI without and with speckle-resizing (the deviation of the target’s center position Δ x is fixed as 4.0 mm). (a) For small motion range, Δ z 1 = 20 mm , the motion speed is approximately 40 μm/s; (b) for medium motion range, Δ z 1 = 40 mm , the motion speed is approximately 80 μm/s; (c) for large motion range, Δ z 1 = 60 mm , the motion speed is approximately 120 μm/s. For (a) through (c), the corresponding experimental reconstruction results of GI without and with speckle-resizing are listed at upper left corners: the left subfigure is the GI reconstruction result without speckle-resizing; the middle subfigure is the GI reconstruction results with speckle-resizing, corresponding to the estimated speed of point B (○); and the right subfigure is the GI reconstruction results with speckle-resizing, corresponding to the estimated speed of point C (▵).

Equations (8)

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Δ G ( 2 , 2 ) ( x r , x t ) = | d x 1 d x 2 G ( 1 , 1 ) ( x 1 , x 2 ) h r * ( x r , x 1 ) h t ( x t , x 2 ) | 2 ,
h r ( x r , x 1 ) exp { j π λ z ( x r x 1 ) 2 } ,
h t ( x t , x 2 ) d x exp { j π λ z 1 ( t ) ( x 2 x ) 2 } t ( x ) h t ( x t , x ) ,
G ( 1 , 1 ) ( x 1 , x 2 ) = I 0 δ ( x 1 x 2 ) ,
Δ G ( 2 , 2 ) ( x r , x t ) | d x d x 2 t ( x ) exp ( j π λ z 1 ( t ) x 2 ) × h t ( x t , x ) exp [ j π λ ( 1 z 1 ( t ) 1 z ) x 2 2 ] × exp [ j 2 π λ ( x r z x z 1 ( t ) ) x 2 ] | 2 .
Δ G ( 2 , 2 ) ( x r , x t ) | d x t ( x ) exp ( j π λ z 1 ( t ) x 2 ) × h t ( x t , x ) sinc [ D λ ( x r z x z 1 ( t ) ) ] | 2 ,
Δ G ( 2 , 2 ) ( x r ) = d x t Δ G ( 2 , 2 ) ( x r , x t ) d x | t ( x ) | 2 sinc 2 { D λ z [ x r M ( t ) x ] } ,
D ( v ) = s = 1 K [ B s B s v ] 2 s = 1 K B s 2 ,

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