Abstract

In this paper, we reported a multiwavelength passively Q-switched Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser with topological insulator Bi2Te3 as a saturable absorber (SA) for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. Bi2Te3 nanosheets were prepared by the facile solvothermal method. The influence of three Bi2Te3 densities on the laser operation was compared. The maximum average output power was up to 57 mW with a pulse energy of 511.7 nJ. The shortest pulsewidth was measured to be 370 ns with 110 kHz pulse repetition rate and 40 mW average power. The laser operated at three wavelengths simultaneously at 1043.7, 1045.3, and 1046.2 nm, of which the frequency differences were within the terahertz wave band. Our work suggests that solvothermal synthesized Bi2Te3 is a promising SA for simultaneously multiwavelength laser operation.

© 2015 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  38. Y. Zhang, L. P. Hu, T. J. Zhu, J. Xie, and X. B. Zhao, “High yield Bi2Te3 single crystal nanosheets with uniform morphology via a solvothermal synthesis,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13, 645–651 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  39. Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
    [Crossref]

2014 (10)

J. Hou, L. H. Zheng, J. L. He, J. Xu, B. T. Zhang, Z. W. Wang, F. Lou, R. H. Wang, and X. M. Liu, “A tri-wavelength synchronous mode-locked Nd:SYSO laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 035803 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Dannecker, X. Délen, K. S. Wentsch, B. Weichelt, C. Hönninger, A. Voss, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Passively mode-locked Yb:CaF2 thin-disk laser,” Opt. Express 22, 22278–22284 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Klenner, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “High peak power gigahertz Yb:CALGO laser,” Opt. Express 22, 11884–11891 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Q. Chen, C. J. Zhao, Y. Li, H. H. Huang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Broadband optical and microwave nonlinear response in topological insulator,” Opt. Mater. Express 4, 587–596 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Jung, J. Lee, J. H. Koo, J. Park, Y. W. Song, K. Lee, S. Lee, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse fiber laser at 1935  nm using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22, 7865–7874 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).

M. T. Hu, J. H. Lin, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (7)

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, J. Weng, H. H. Cheng, Z. P. Lin, B. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “1.06  μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21, 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, L. P. Hu, T. J. Zhu, J. Xie, and X. B. Zhao, “High yield Bi2Te3 single crystal nanosheets with uniform morphology via a solvothermal synthesis,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13, 645–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500707 (2013).

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. L. Feng, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, J. Hou, Y. Yang, J. L. He, L. H. Zheng, Q. G. Wang, X. D. Xu, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped continuous wave tunable and graphene Q-switched Tm:LSO lasers,” Opt. Express 21, 24665–24673 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Du, B. Q. Yao, X. M. Duan, Z. Cui, Y. Ding, Y. L. Ju, and Z. C. Shen, “Cr:ZnS saturable absorber passively Q-switched Tm, Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Opt. Express 21, 26506–26512 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

2011 (6)

2010 (1)

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Optical bifurcated fiber diode-pumping for two-wavelength laser operation with the Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 birefringent crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 401–406 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. H. Lin, J. J. Kang, H. H. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Manipulation of operation states by polarization control in an erbium-doped fiber laser with a hybrid saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17, 4806–4814 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5, 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (4)

H. Qi, X. Hou, Y. Li, Y. Sun, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 saturable absorber Q-switch for a flash lamp pumped 1.54  μm Er: glass laser,” Opt. Express 15, 3195–3200 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode pumped passive Q switching of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071103 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. E. Schaar, K. L. Vodopyanov, and M. M. Fejer, “Intracavity terahertz-wave generation in a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator using quasi-phase-matched GaAs,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1284–1286 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, J. Li, B. Alain, G. Jia, Z. You, X. Lu, B. Wu, and C. Tu, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal: a candidate for infrared laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 71–75 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

G. Gulsen, B. Xiong, O. Birgul, and O. Nalcioglu, “Design and implementation of a multifrequency near-infrared diffuse optical tomography system,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 014020 (2006).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, J. K. Jabczynski, K. Kopczynski, and Z. Mierczyk, “Diode pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1.34  μm Q-switched and mode locked by a V:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 194, 429–433 (2001).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

1965 (1)

F. Zernike and P. R. Bermanf, “Generation of far infrared as a difference frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999–1001 (1965).
[Crossref]

Abdelsalam, D. G.

Abramski, K. M.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Agnesi, A.

A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, J. K. Jabczynski, K. Kopczynski, and Z. Mierczyk, “Diode pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1.34  μm Q-switched and mode locked by a V:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 194, 429–433 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, M. A.

Alain, B.

Z. Zhu, J. Li, B. Alain, G. Jia, Z. You, X. Lu, B. Wu, and C. Tu, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal: a candidate for infrared laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 71–75 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q. L.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bermanf, P. R.

F. Zernike and P. R. Bermanf, “Generation of far infrared as a difference frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999–1001 (1965).
[Crossref]

Bernard, F.

F. Bernard, H. Zhang, S. P. Gorza, and P. Emplit, “Towards mode-locked fiber laser using topological insulators,” in Advanced Photonics Congress, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper NTh1A.5.

Birgul, O.

G. Gulsen, B. Xiong, O. Birgul, and O. Nalcioglu, “Design and implementation of a multifrequency near-infrared diffuse optical tomography system,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 014020 (2006).
[Crossref]

Brenier, A.

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Optical bifurcated fiber diode-pumping for two-wavelength laser operation with the Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 birefringent crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 401–406 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode pumped passive Q switching of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z. P.

Chen, F.

Chen, S. Q.

Chen, Y.

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20, 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H. H.

Cui, Z.

Dai, X.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5, 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dannecker, B.

Dao, P. D.

Délen, X.

Ding, Y.

Dou, Z. Y.

M. T. Hu, J. H. Lin, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Du, Y. Q.

Duan, X. M.

Emplit, P.

F. Bernard, H. Zhang, S. P. Gorza, and P. Emplit, “Towards mode-locked fiber laser using topological insulators,” in Advanced Photonics Congress, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper NTh1A.5.

Fan, D. Y.

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500707 (2013).

Fang, Z.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5, 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Farley, R. W.

Fejer, M. M.

Feng, T. L.

Golling, M.

Gorza, S. P.

F. Bernard, H. Zhang, S. P. Gorza, and P. Emplit, “Towards mode-locked fiber laser using topological insulators,” in Advanced Photonics Congress, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper NTh1A.5.

Graf, T.

Grodecki, K.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guandalini, A.

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Lu, X.

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M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 983–986 (2014).
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A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, J. K. Jabczynski, K. Kopczynski, and Z. Mierczyk, “Diode pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1.34  μm Q-switched and mode locked by a V:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 194, 429–433 (2001).
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G. Gulsen, B. Xiong, O. Birgul, and O. Nalcioglu, “Design and implementation of a multifrequency near-infrared diffuse optical tomography system,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 014020 (2006).
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Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
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Qi, H.

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C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
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H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5, 438–442 (2009).
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Reali, G.

A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, J. K. Jabczynski, K. Kopczynski, and Z. Mierczyk, “Diode pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1.34  μm Q-switched and mode locked by a V:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 194, 429–433 (2001).
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Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
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S. N. Son, J. J. Song, J. U. Kang, and C. S. Kim, “Simultaneous second harmonic generation of multiple wavelength laser outputs for medical sensing,” Sensors 11, 6125–6130 (2011).
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C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

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M. T. Hu, J. H. Lin, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 115806 (2014).
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[Crossref]

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A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Optical bifurcated fiber diode-pumping for two-wavelength laser operation with the Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 birefringent crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 401–406 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, J. Li, B. Alain, G. Jia, Z. You, X. Lu, B. Wu, and C. Tu, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal: a candidate for infrared laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 71–75 (2007).
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A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode pumped passive Q switching of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071103 (2007).
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H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).

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H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).

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Wang, Q. G.

Wang, R. H.

J. Hou, L. H. Zheng, J. L. He, J. Xu, B. T. Zhang, Z. W. Wang, F. Lou, R. H. Wang, and X. M. Liu, “A tri-wavelength synchronous mode-locked Nd:SYSO laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 035803 (2014).
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[Crossref]

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500707 (2013).

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
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H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).

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C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20, 27888–27895 (2012).
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J. Hou, L. H. Zheng, J. L. He, J. Xu, B. T. Zhang, Z. W. Wang, F. Lou, R. H. Wang, and X. M. Liu, “A tri-wavelength synchronous mode-locked Nd:SYSO laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 035803 (2014).
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Wen, S.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
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[Crossref]

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).

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H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500707 (2013).

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20, 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

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Wentsch, K. S.

Wu, B.

Z. Zhu, J. Li, B. Alain, G. Jia, Z. You, X. Lu, B. Wu, and C. Tu, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal: a candidate for infrared laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 71–75 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, H. H.

Wu, Y. Z.

Xie, J.

Y. Zhang, L. P. Hu, T. J. Zhu, J. Xie, and X. B. Zhao, “High yield Bi2Te3 single crystal nanosheets with uniform morphology via a solvothermal synthesis,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13, 645–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xiong, B.

G. Gulsen, B. Xiong, O. Birgul, and O. Nalcioglu, “Design and implementation of a multifrequency near-infrared diffuse optical tomography system,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 014020 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

Xu, H. Y.

Xu, J.

J. Hou, L. H. Zheng, J. L. He, J. Xu, B. T. Zhang, Z. W. Wang, F. Lou, R. H. Wang, and X. M. Liu, “A tri-wavelength synchronous mode-locked Nd:SYSO laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 035803 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. L. Feng, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, J. Hou, Y. Yang, J. L. He, L. H. Zheng, Q. G. Wang, X. D. Xu, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped continuous wave tunable and graphene Q-switched Tm:LSO lasers,” Opt. Express 21, 24665–24673 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, J. L.

Xu, J. Q.

Xu, L.

Xu, W. C.

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, X. D.

Yan, Y. L.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, C. Y.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, K. J.

Yang, Y.

Yao, B. Q.

You, Z.

Z. Zhu, J. Li, B. Alain, G. Jia, Z. You, X. Lu, B. Wu, and C. Tu, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal: a candidate for infrared laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 71–75 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yu, H.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, H. H.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).

Zernike, F.

F. Zernike and P. R. Bermanf, “Generation of far infrared as a difference frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999–1001 (1965).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B. T.

J. Hou, L. H. Zheng, J. L. He, J. Xu, B. T. Zhang, Z. W. Wang, F. Lou, R. H. Wang, and X. M. Liu, “A tri-wavelength synchronous mode-locked Nd:SYSO laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 035803 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, J. L. He, X. P. Hao, Y. Yang, Y. Z. Wu, S. D. Liu, and B. T. Zhang, “Efficient graphene Q switching and mode locking of 1.34  μm neodymium lasers,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2652–2654 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

S. Q. Chen, C. J. Zhao, Y. Li, H. H. Huang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Broadband optical and microwave nonlinear response in topological insulator,” Opt. Mater. Express 4, 587–596 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500707 (2013).

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20, 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5, 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Qi, X. Hou, Y. Li, Y. Sun, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 saturable absorber Q-switch for a flash lamp pumped 1.54  μm Er: glass laser,” Opt. Express 15, 3195–3200 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Bernard, H. Zhang, S. P. Gorza, and P. Emplit, “Towards mode-locked fiber laser using topological insulators,” in Advanced Photonics Congress, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper NTh1A.5.

Zhang, H. J.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).

Zhang, S. C.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5, 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S. Y.

Zhang, X. Q.

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500707 (2013).

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, L. P. Hu, T. J. Zhu, J. Xie, and X. B. Zhao, “High yield Bi2Te3 single crystal nanosheets with uniform morphology via a solvothermal synthesis,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13, 645–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, B.

Zhao, C.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).

S. Q. Chen, C. J. Zhao, Y. Li, H. H. Huang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Broadband optical and microwave nonlinear response in topological insulator,” Opt. Mater. Express 4, 587–596 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500707 (2013).

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20, 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

Zhao, N.

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, S. Z.

Zhao, X. B.

Y. Zhang, L. P. Hu, T. J. Zhu, J. Xie, and X. B. Zhao, “High yield Bi2Te3 single crystal nanosheets with uniform morphology via a solvothermal synthesis,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13, 645–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L. H.

J. Hou, L. H. Zheng, J. L. He, J. Xu, B. T. Zhang, Z. W. Wang, F. Lou, R. H. Wang, and X. M. Liu, “A tri-wavelength synchronous mode-locked Nd:SYSO laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 035803 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. L. Feng, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, J. Hou, Y. Yang, J. L. He, L. H. Zheng, Q. G. Wang, X. D. Xu, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped continuous wave tunable and graphene Q-switched Tm:LSO lasers,” Opt. Express 21, 24665–24673 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X. W.

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, T. J.

Y. Zhang, L. P. Hu, T. J. Zhu, J. Xie, and X. B. Zhao, “High yield Bi2Te3 single crystal nanosheets with uniform morphology via a solvothermal synthesis,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13, 645–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z.

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Optical bifurcated fiber diode-pumping for two-wavelength laser operation with the Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 birefringent crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 401–406 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, J. Li, B. Alain, G. Jia, Z. You, X. Lu, B. Wu, and C. Tu, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal: a candidate for infrared laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 71–75 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z. J.

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode pumped passive Q switching of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y. H.

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

Z. Zhu, J. Li, B. Alain, G. Jia, Z. You, X. Lu, B. Wu, and C. Tu, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal: a candidate for infrared laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 71–75 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Optical bifurcated fiber diode-pumping for two-wavelength laser operation with the Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 birefringent crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 401–406 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, J. L. He, X. P. Hao, Y. Z. Wu, Y. Yang, and K. J. Yang, “Performance of large-area few-layer graphene saturable absorber in femtosecond bulk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 261107 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode pumped passive Q switching of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 071103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cryst. Growth Des. (1)

Y. Zhang, L. P. Hu, T. J. Zhu, J. Xie, and X. B. Zhao, “High yield Bi2Te3 single crystal nanosheets with uniform morphology via a solvothermal synthesis,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13, 645–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (2)

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1501007 (2014).

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500707 (2013).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

G. Gulsen, B. Xiong, O. Birgul, and O. Nalcioglu, “Design and implementation of a multifrequency near-infrared diffuse optical tomography system,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 014020 (2006).
[Crossref]

Laser Photon. Rev. (2)

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Wen, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).

Laser Phys. Lett. (3)

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. T. Hu, J. H. Lin, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Hou, L. H. Zheng, J. L. He, J. Xu, B. T. Zhang, Z. W. Wang, F. Lou, R. H. Wang, and X. M. Liu, “A tri-wavelength synchronous mode-locked Nd:SYSO laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 035803 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5, 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, J. K. Jabczynski, K. Kopczynski, and Z. Mierczyk, “Diode pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1.34  μm Q-switched and mode locked by a V:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 194, 429–433 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (11)

H. Qi, X. Hou, Y. Li, Y. Sun, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 saturable absorber Q-switch for a flash lamp pumped 1.54  μm Er: glass laser,” Opt. Express 15, 3195–3200 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. L. Feng, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, J. Hou, Y. Yang, J. L. He, L. H. Zheng, Q. G. Wang, X. D. Xu, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped continuous wave tunable and graphene Q-switched Tm:LSO lasers,” Opt. Express 21, 24665–24673 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Dannecker, X. Délen, K. S. Wentsch, B. Weichelt, C. Hönninger, A. Voss, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Passively mode-locked Yb:CaF2 thin-disk laser,” Opt. Express 22, 22278–22284 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Klenner, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “High peak power gigahertz Yb:CALGO laser,” Opt. Express 22, 11884–11891 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. H. Lin, J. J. Kang, H. H. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Manipulation of operation states by polarization control in an erbium-doped fiber laser with a hybrid saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17, 4806–4814 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. L. Li, J. L. Xu, Y. Z. Wu, J. L. He, and X. P. Hao, “Large energy laser pulses with high repetition rate by graphene Q-switched solid-state laser,” Opt. Express 19, 9950–9955 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Zhang, H. T. Huang, L. Xu, M. J. Wang, F. Chen, J. Q. Xu, J. L. He, and B. Zhao, “Continuous wave and passively Q-switched Nd: LuxY1-xVO4 laser at 1.34  μm with V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 19, 1830–1835 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Du, B. Q. Yao, X. M. Duan, Z. Cui, Y. Ding, Y. L. Ju, and Z. C. Shen, “Cr:ZnS saturable absorber passively Q-switched Tm, Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Opt. Express 21, 26506–26512 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, J. Weng, H. H. Cheng, Z. P. Lin, B. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “1.06  μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21, 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Jung, J. Lee, J. H. Koo, J. Park, Y. W. Song, K. Lee, S. Lee, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse fiber laser at 1935  nm using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22, 7865–7874 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20, 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Zernike and P. R. Bermanf, “Generation of far infrared as a difference frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999–1001 (1965).
[Crossref]

Sensors (1)

S. N. Son, J. J. Song, J. U. Kang, and C. S. Kim, “Simultaneous second harmonic generation of multiple wavelength laser outputs for medical sensing,” Sensors 11, 6125–6130 (2011).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

F. Bernard, H. Zhang, S. P. Gorza, and P. Emplit, “Towards mode-locked fiber laser using topological insulators,” in Advanced Photonics Congress, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper NTh1A.5.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) XRD diffraction pattern. (b) TEM image. Inset shows the corresponding SAED pattern of the as-grown Bi2Te3 nanosheets. The scale bar is 200 nm.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Saturable absorption characteristic at 1.0 μm for three SA samples.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Schematic experimental setup of the Q-switched Yb3+:GAB solid-state laser with TI SA.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Average output power as a function of absorbed pump power. (b) Evolution of pulse repetition rate with absorbed pump powers. (c) Evolution of pulsewidth with absorbed pump powers. (d) Evolution of pulse energy with absorbed pump powers.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. 370 ns pulse profile and pulse trains.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Laser spectra of the 370 ns pulse laser.

Equations (1)

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T(I)=1ΔT*exp(I/Isat)Tns,

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