Abstract

We reported diverse soliton operations in a thulium/holmium-doped fiber laser by taking advantage of a tapered fiber-based topological insulator (TI) Bi2Te3 saturable absorber (SA). The SA had a nonsaturable loss of 53.5% and a modulation depth of 9.8%. Stable fundamentally mode-locked solitons at 1909.5 nm with distinct Kelly sidebands on the output spectrum, a pulse repetition rate of 21.5 MHz, and a measured pulse width of 1.26 ps were observed in the work. By increasing the pump power, both bunched solitons with soliton number up to 15 and harmonically mode-locked solitons with harmonic order up to 10 were obtained. To our knowledge, this is the first report of both bunched solitons and harmonically mode-locked solitons in a fiber laser at 2 μm region incorporated with TIs.

© 2015 Chinese Laser Press

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2014 (13)

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24, 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Xia, H. Li, C. Lan, C. Li, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser mode-locked by a CVD-grown molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22, 17341–17348 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Khazaeizhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, D.-I. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Mode-locking of Er-doped fiber laser using a multilayer MoS2 thin film as a saturable absorber in both anomalous and normal dispersion regimes,” Opt. Express 22, 23732–23742 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22, 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Jung, J. Lee, J. Koo, J. Park, Y. Song, K. Lee, S. Lee, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse fiber laser at 1935  nm using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22, 7865–7874 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Canat, W. Renard, E. Lucas, L. Lombard, J. Le Gouët, A. Durécu, P. Bourdon, S. Bordais, and Y. Jaouën, “Eyesafe high peak power pulsed fiber lasers limited by fiber nonlinearity,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 678–687 (2014).

M. Gebhardt, C. Gaida, P. Kadwani, A. Sincore, N. Gehlich, C. Jeon, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “High peak-power mid-infrared ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator pumped by a Tm:fiber master oscillator power amplifier system,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1212–1215 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Yang, B. Zhang, G. Xue, K. Yin, and J. Hou, “Thirteen watt all-fiber mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a single mode ZBLAN fiber pumped by a 2  μm MOPA system,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1849–1852 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. W. Rudy, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, “Advances in 2-μm Tm-doped mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 642–649 (2014).

C. Chi, J. Lee, J. Koo, and J. H. Lee, “All-normal-dispersion dissipative-soliton fiber laser at 1.06  μm using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator-deposited side-polished fiber,” Laser Phys. 24, 105106 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2012 (4)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin Hall phase,” Nature 452, 970–974 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2002 (1)

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095–1098 (1980).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24, 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bernard, F.

F. Bernard, H. Zhang, S. Gorza, and P. Emplit, “Towards mode-locked fiber laser using topological insulators,” in Nonlinear Photonics, OSA Technical Digest, (OSA, 2012), paper NTh1A.5.

Boguslawski, J.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24, 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bordais, S.

G. Canat, W. Renard, E. Lucas, L. Lombard, J. Le Gouët, A. Durécu, P. Bourdon, S. Bordais, and Y. Jaouën, “Eyesafe high peak power pulsed fiber lasers limited by fiber nonlinearity,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 678–687 (2014).

Bourdon, P.

G. Canat, W. Renard, E. Lucas, L. Lombard, J. Le Gouët, A. Durécu, P. Bourdon, S. Bordais, and Y. Jaouën, “Eyesafe high peak power pulsed fiber lasers limited by fiber nonlinearity,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 678–687 (2014).

Bremer, K.

Byer, R. L.

C. W. Rudy, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, “Advances in 2-μm Tm-doped mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 642–649 (2014).

Cai, Z.

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).
[Crossref]

Canat, G.

G. Canat, W. Renard, E. Lucas, L. Lombard, J. Le Gouët, A. Durécu, P. Bourdon, S. Bordais, and Y. Jaouën, “Eyesafe high peak power pulsed fiber lasers limited by fiber nonlinearity,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 678–687 (2014).

Cava, R. J.

D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin Hall phase,” Nature 452, 970–974 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chavez-Pirson, A.

R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, Z. Yao, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, “Ultra-wide mid-IR supercontinuum generation in W-type tellurite fiber pumped by 2 micron ultrashort laser,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW4D.2.

Chen, Y.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20, 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chi, C.

C. Chi, J. Lee, J. Koo, and J. H. Lee, “All-normal-dispersion dissipative-soliton fiber laser at 1.06  μm using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator-deposited side-polished fiber,” Laser Phys. 24, 105106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chouli, S.

Cui, H.

Digonnet, M. J. F.

C. W. Rudy, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, “Advances in 2-μm Tm-doped mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 642–649 (2014).

Du, J.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22, 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref]

Durécu, A.

G. Canat, W. Renard, E. Lucas, L. Lombard, J. Le Gouët, A. Durécu, P. Bourdon, S. Bordais, and Y. Jaouën, “Eyesafe high peak power pulsed fiber lasers limited by fiber nonlinearity,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 678–687 (2014).

Emplit, P.

F. Bernard, H. Zhang, S. Gorza, and P. Emplit, “Towards mode-locked fiber laser using topological insulators,” in Nonlinear Photonics, OSA Technical Digest, (OSA, 2012), paper NTh1A.5.

Gaida, C.

Gebhardt, M.

Gehlich, N.

Gordon, J. P.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095–1098 (1980).
[Crossref]

Gorza, S.

F. Bernard, H. Zhang, S. Gorza, and P. Emplit, “Towards mode-locked fiber laser using topological insulators,” in Nonlinear Photonics, OSA Technical Digest, (OSA, 2012), paper NTh1A.5.

Grattan, K. T. V.

Grelu, P.

Grodecki, K.

Hasan, M. Z.

D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin Hall phase,” Nature 452, 970–974 (2008).
[Crossref]

Haxsen, F.

Hor, Y. S.

D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin Hall phase,” Nature 452, 970–974 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hou, J.

Hsieh, D.

D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin Hall phase,” Nature 452, 970–974 (2008).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jagiello, J.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24, 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jaouën, Y.

G. Canat, W. Renard, E. Lucas, L. Lombard, J. Le Gouët, A. Durécu, P. Bourdon, S. Bordais, and Y. Jaouën, “Eyesafe high peak power pulsed fiber lasers limited by fiber nonlinearity,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 678–687 (2014).

Jeon, C.

Jeong, H.

Jiang, G.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jung, M.

Kadwani, P.

Kassani, S. H.

Khazaeizhad, R.

Kieu, K.

Koo, J.

C. Chi, J. Lee, J. Koo, and J. H. Lee, “All-normal-dispersion dissipative-soliton fiber laser at 1.06  μm using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator-deposited side-polished fiber,” Laser Phys. 24, 105106 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Jung, J. Lee, J. Koo, J. Park, Y. Song, K. Lee, S. Lee, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse fiber laser at 1935  nm using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22, 7865–7874 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kracht, D.

Lan, C.

Le Gouët, J.

G. Canat, W. Renard, E. Lucas, L. Lombard, J. Le Gouët, A. Durécu, P. Bourdon, S. Bordais, and Y. Jaouën, “Eyesafe high peak power pulsed fiber lasers limited by fiber nonlinearity,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 678–687 (2014).

Lee, J.

C. Chi, J. Lee, J. Koo, and J. H. Lee, “All-normal-dispersion dissipative-soliton fiber laser at 1.06  μm using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator-deposited side-polished fiber,” Laser Phys. 24, 105106 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Jung, J. Lee, J. Koo, J. Park, Y. Song, K. Lee, S. Lee, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse fiber laser at 1935  nm using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22, 7865–7874 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

M. Jung, J. Lee, J. Koo, J. Park, Y. Song, K. Lee, S. Lee, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse fiber laser at 1935  nm using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22, 7865–7874 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Chi, J. Lee, J. Koo, and J. H. Lee, “All-normal-dispersion dissipative-soliton fiber laser at 1.06  μm using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator-deposited side-polished fiber,” Laser Phys. 24, 105106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.

Lee, S.

Lewis, E.

Li, C.

Li, H.

Lin, Z.

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lipinska, L.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24, 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Liu, J.

Liu, M.

Liu, Y.

Loh, K. P.

Lombard, L.

G. Canat, W. Renard, E. Lucas, L. Lombard, J. Le Gouët, A. Durécu, P. Bourdon, S. Bordais, and Y. Jaouën, “Eyesafe high peak power pulsed fiber lasers limited by fiber nonlinearity,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 678–687 (2014).

Lu, C.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lu, S.

Lu, S. B.

Lucas, E.

G. Canat, W. Renard, E. Lucas, L. Lombard, J. Le Gouët, A. Durécu, P. Bourdon, S. Bordais, and Y. Jaouën, “Eyesafe high peak power pulsed fiber lasers limited by fiber nonlinearity,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 678–687 (2014).

Luo, A.

Luo, Z.

Macherzynski, W.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24, 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Man, W. S.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mansuripur, M.

Mo, H.

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095–1098 (1980).
[Crossref]

Morgner, U.

Neumann, J.

Ngo, N. Q.

N. Q. Ngo, Ultra-fast Fiber Lasers: Principles and Applications with MATLAB Models (Taylor & Francis, 2011), Vol. 3.

Nguyen, D.

R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, Z. Yao, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, “Ultra-wide mid-IR supercontinuum generation in W-type tellurite fiber pumped by 2 micron ultrashort laser,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW4D.2.

Ning, Q.

Oh, K.

Pal, A.

Paletko, P.

Park, J.

Qi, X.

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Qian, D.

D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin Hall phase,” Nature 452, 970–974 (2008).
[Crossref]

Renard, W.

G. Canat, W. Renard, E. Lucas, L. Lombard, J. Le Gouët, A. Durécu, P. Bourdon, S. Bordais, and Y. Jaouën, “Eyesafe high peak power pulsed fiber lasers limited by fiber nonlinearity,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 678–687 (2014).

Rhonehouse, D.

R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, Z. Yao, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, “Ultra-wide mid-IR supercontinuum generation in W-type tellurite fiber pumped by 2 micron ultrashort laser,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW4D.2.

Richardson, M.

Rudy, C. W.

C. W. Rudy, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, “Advances in 2-μm Tm-doped mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 642–649 (2014).

Sen, R.

Shah, L.

Shen, D. Y.

Y. F. Song, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Shen, “Polarization rotation vector solitons in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 27283–27289 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sincore, A.

Sobon, G.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24, 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Song, Y.

Song, Y. F.

Sotor, J.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on mechanically exfoliated Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 4, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24, 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Stolen, R. H.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095–1098 (1980).
[Crossref]

Sun, L.

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, T.

Tam, H. Y.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20, 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

Tarka, J.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24, 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Taylor, J. R.

J. R. Taylor, Optical Solitons: Theory and Experiment (Cambridge University, 1992), Vol. 10.

Thapa, R.

R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, Z. Yao, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, “Ultra-wide mid-IR supercontinuum generation in W-type tellurite fiber pumped by 2 micron ultrashort laser,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW4D.2.

Wandt, D.

Wang, Q.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20, 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and W. Xu, “2  GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38, 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20, 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wen, S. C.

Weng, J.

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wray, L.

D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin Hall phase,” Nature 452, 970–974 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, D.

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, L.

Wu, X.

Xia, H.

Xia, Y.

D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin Hall phase,” Nature 452, 970–974 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xiang, Y.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, C.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, W.

Xue, G.

Yang, W.

Yao, S.

Yao, Z.

R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, Z. Yao, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, “Ultra-wide mid-IR supercontinuum generation in W-type tellurite fiber pumped by 2 micron ultrashort laser,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW4D.2.

Yeom, D.-I.

Yin, K.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22, 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and W. Xu, “2  GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38, 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Song, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Shen, “Polarization rotation vector solitons in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 27283–27289 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20, 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Bunch of restless vector solitons in a fiber laser with SESAM,” Opt. Express 17, 8103–8108 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Bernard, H. Zhang, S. Gorza, and P. Emplit, “Towards mode-locked fiber laser using topological insulators,” in Nonlinear Photonics, OSA Technical Digest, (OSA, 2012), paper NTh1A.5.

Zhang, S.

Zhang, X.

Zhao, B.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. Zheng, A. Luo, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and W. Xu, “2  GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38, 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20, 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L. M.

Zheng, J.

Zheng, X.

Zong, J.

R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, Z. Yao, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, “Ultra-wide mid-IR supercontinuum generation in W-type tellurite fiber pumped by 2 micron ultrashort laser,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW4D.2.

Zou, Y.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (2)

C. Chi, J. Lee, J. Koo, and J. H. Lee, “All-normal-dispersion dissipative-soliton fiber laser at 1.06  μm using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator-deposited side-polished fiber,” Laser Phys. 24, 105106 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, J. Tarka, J. Jagiello, W. Macherzynski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on liquid phase exfoliated Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. 24, 105111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin Hall phase,” Nature 452, 970–974 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (10)

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22, 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Jung, J. Lee, J. Koo, J. Park, Y. Song, K. Lee, S. Lee, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse fiber laser at 1935  nm using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22, 7865–7874 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, Q. Ning, H. Mo, H. Cui, J. Liu, L. Wu, A. Luo, and W. Xu, “Vector dissipative soliton resonance in a fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21, 10199–10204 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Bunch of restless vector solitons in a fiber laser with SESAM,” Opt. Express 17, 8103–8108 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Rains of solitons in a fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17, 11776–11781 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Xia, H. Li, C. Lan, C. Li, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser mode-locked by a CVD-grown molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22, 17341–17348 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Khazaeizhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, D.-I. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Mode-locking of Er-doped fiber laser using a multilayer MoS2 thin film as a saturable absorber in both anomalous and normal dispersion regimes,” Opt. Express 22, 23732–23742 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20, 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Haxsen, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “Pulse characteristics of a passively mode-locked thulium fiber laser with positive and negative cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express 18, 18981–18988 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Song, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Shen, “Polarization rotation vector solitons in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 27283–27289 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (2)

G. Canat, W. Renard, E. Lucas, L. Lombard, J. Le Gouët, A. Durécu, P. Bourdon, S. Bordais, and Y. Jaouën, “Eyesafe high peak power pulsed fiber lasers limited by fiber nonlinearity,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 678–687 (2014).

C. W. Rudy, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, “Advances in 2-μm Tm-doped mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 642–649 (2014).

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095–1098 (1980).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

J. R. Taylor, Optical Solitons: Theory and Experiment (Cambridge University, 1992), Vol. 10.

N. Q. Ngo, Ultra-fast Fiber Lasers: Principles and Applications with MATLAB Models (Taylor & Francis, 2011), Vol. 3.

F. Bernard, H. Zhang, S. Gorza, and P. Emplit, “Towards mode-locked fiber laser using topological insulators,” in Nonlinear Photonics, OSA Technical Digest, (OSA, 2012), paper NTh1A.5.

R. Thapa, D. Rhonehouse, D. Nguyen, Z. Yao, J. Zong, and A. Chavez-Pirson, “Ultra-wide mid-IR supercontinuum generation in W-type tellurite fiber pumped by 2 micron ultrashort laser,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW4D.2.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) SEM photograph of the TI Bi2Te3 nanosheets; (b) microscope photo of the TI-based SA; (c) photo of the TI-based SA via visible light; (d) time-dependent depositing process; (e) nonlinear SA curve.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Experimental setup of the passively mode-locked THDFL.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Characteristics of fundamental mode-locked solitons; (a) optical spectrum; (b) pulse train; (c) RF spectrum, RBW=1kHz. Inset, span from 0 to 500 MHz; (d) autocorrelation trace at an amplified average power of 60mW. Inset, corresponding spectrum.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Temporal characteristics of mode-locked THDFL with bunched soliton numbers as follows in a single bunch; (a) 2; (b) 4; (c) 10; (d) 15.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Characteristics of soliton bunches; (a) hysteresis phenomenon of the bunched soliton number versus the pump power; (b) output spectra.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Characteristics of harmonically mode-locked solitons; (a) soliton train for the fifth harmonic order; (b) soliton train for the 10th harmonic order; (c) evolutions of the output power and harmonic orders versus the pump power; (d) output spectra.

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