Abstract

With MoS2 as saturable absorber, passive Q-switching and Q-switched mode-locking operations of a Tm-doped calcium lithium niobium gallium garnet (Tm:CLNGG) laser were experimentally demonstrated. The Q-switched laser emitted a maximum average output power of 62 mW and highest pulse energy of 0.72 μJ. Q-switched mode locking was also obtained in the experiment. The research results will open up applications of MoS2 at the mid-infrared wavelength.

© 2015 Chinese Laser Press

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  31. M. Liu, X. W. Zheng, Y. L. Qi, H. Liu, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber for 2.5  GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22, 22841–22846 (2014).
    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, T. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Dual-wavelength passively Q-switched Nd, Mg:LiTaO3 laser with a monolayer graphene as saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1600705 (2015).

C. J. Jin, Y. Bai, L. F. Li, T. Jiang, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A single-frequency, graphene-based passively Q-switched Tm:YAP laser,” Laser Phys. 25, 015001 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (9)

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Wavelength-versatile graphene-gold film saturable absorber mirror for ultra-broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5016 (2014).

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, Y. L. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97  μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. T. Chen, S. Z. Zhao, J. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, H. J. Zhang, T. L. Feng, X. D. Xu, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Sub-100  ns passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser with multi-walled carbon nanotube,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, H. T. Zhu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “Performance of diode-pumped Tm3+:Sc2SiO5 crystal passively Q-switched 2  μm laser,” Opt. Commun. 330, 151–154 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).

S. X. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, A. Z. Wang, Z. M. W. Zhao, Y. X. Chen, L. M. Mei, and J. Y. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26, 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22, 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, X. W. Zheng, Y. L. Qi, H. Liu, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber for 2.5  GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22, 22841–22846 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4077–4084 (2014).

2013 (4)

A. Carvalho, R. M. Ribeiro, and A. H. C. Neto, “Band nesting and the optical response of two-dimensional semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides,” Phys. Rev. B 88, 115205 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, Y. Q. Li, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “Passive Q-switched mode locking of a diode-pumped Tm:SSO laser near 2  μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (7)

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Ataca, H. Şahin, and S. Ciraci, “Stable, single-layer MX2 transition-metal oxides and dichalcogenides in a honeycomb-like structure,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 8983–8999 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Feng, D. H. Liu, and J. Liu, “Graphene oxide saturable absorber on golden reflective film for Tm:YAP Q-switched mode-locking laser at 2  mum,” J. Mod. Opt. 59, 1825–1828 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. R. Sorochenko, E. D. Obraztsova, P. S. Rusakov, and M. G. Rybin, “Nonlinear transmission of CO2 laser radiation by graphene,” Quantum Electron. 42, 907–912 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Tm:CLNGG disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1376–1378 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene saturable absorber for Q-switching and mode locking at 2  μm wavelength [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 2, 878–883 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond laser at 2  μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2085–2087 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

X. L. Li, J. L. Xu, Y. Z. Wu, J. L. He, and X. P. Hao, “Large energy laser pulses with high repetition rate by graphene Q-switched solid-state laser,” Opt. Express 19, 9950–9955 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio, V. Giacometti, and A. Kis, “Single-layer MoS2 transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 147–150 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically thin MoS2: a new direct-gap semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 136805 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Splendiani, L. Sun, Y. B. Zhang, T. S. Li, J. Kim, C. Y. Chim, G. Galli, and F. Wang, “Emerging photoluminescence in monolayer MoS2,” Nano Lett. 10, 1271–1275 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loch, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. L. Zhang, X. Zhao, Z. B. Liu, Y. S. Liu, Y. S. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Enhanced nonlinear optical properties of graphene-oligothiophene hybrid material,” Opt. Express 17, 23959–23964 (2009).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

1996 (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ataca, C.

C. Ataca, H. Şahin, and S. Ciraci, “Stable, single-layer MX2 transition-metal oxides and dichalcogenides in a honeycomb-like structure,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 8983–8999 (2012).
[Crossref]

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bai, J. T.

C. J. Jin, Y. Bai, L. F. Li, T. Jiang, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A single-frequency, graphene-based passively Q-switched Tm:YAP laser,” Laser Phys. 25, 015001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bai, Y.

C. J. Jin, Y. Bai, L. F. Li, T. Jiang, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A single-frequency, graphene-based passively Q-switched Tm:YAP laser,” Laser Phys. 25, 015001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q. L.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loch, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Basko, D. M.

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Blau, W. J.

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bonaccorso, F.

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Brivio, J.

B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio, V. Giacometti, and A. Kis, “Single-layer MoS2 transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 147–150 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z. P.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4077–4084 (2014).

Carvalho, A.

A. Carvalho, R. M. Ribeiro, and A. H. C. Neto, “Band nesting and the optical response of two-dimensional semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides,” Phys. Rev. B 88, 115205 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. T.

X. T. Chen, S. Z. Zhao, J. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, H. J. Zhang, T. L. Feng, X. D. Xu, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Sub-100  ns passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser with multi-walled carbon nanotube,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. S.

Chen, Y. X.

S. X. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, A. Z. Wang, Z. M. W. Zhao, Y. X. Chen, L. M. Mei, and J. Y. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26, 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chim, C. Y.

A. Splendiani, L. Sun, Y. B. Zhang, T. S. Li, J. Kim, C. Y. Chim, G. Galli, and F. Wang, “Emerging photoluminescence in monolayer MoS2,” Nano Lett. 10, 1271–1275 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chu, H. W.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, T. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Dual-wavelength passively Q-switched Nd, Mg:LiTaO3 laser with a monolayer graphene as saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1600705 (2015).

Ciraci, S.

C. Ataca, H. Şahin, and S. Ciraci, “Stable, single-layer MX2 transition-metal oxides and dichalcogenides in a honeycomb-like structure,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 8983–8999 (2012).
[Crossref]

Coleman, J. N.

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

Fan, J. T.

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Feng, C.

C. Feng, D. H. Liu, and J. Liu, “Graphene oxide saturable absorber on golden reflective film for Tm:YAP Q-switched mode-locking laser at 2  mum,” J. Mod. Opt. 59, 1825–1828 (2012).
[Crossref]

Feng, T. L.

X. T. Chen, S. Z. Zhao, J. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, H. J. Zhang, T. L. Feng, X. D. Xu, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Sub-100  ns passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser with multi-walled carbon nanotube,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y. Y.

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Fox, D.

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Galli, G.

A. Splendiani, L. Sun, Y. B. Zhang, T. S. Li, J. Kim, C. Y. Chim, G. Galli, and F. Wang, “Emerging photoluminescence in monolayer MoS2,” Nano Lett. 10, 1271–1275 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gao, W. L.

Giacometti, V.

B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio, V. Giacometti, and A. Kis, “Single-layer MoS2 transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 147–150 (2011).
[Crossref]

Griebner, U.

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Wavelength-versatile graphene-gold film saturable absorber mirror for ultra-broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5016 (2014).

Hang, Y.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, T. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Dual-wavelength passively Q-switched Nd, Mg:LiTaO3 laser with a monolayer graphene as saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1600705 (2015).

Hao, X. P.

Hasan, T.

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

He, J. L.

He, Y. L.

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, Y. L. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97  μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Heinz, T. F.

K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically thin MoS2: a new direct-gap semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 136805 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hone, J.

K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically thin MoS2: a new direct-gap semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 136805 (2010).
[Crossref]

Honninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. Z.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4077–4084 (2014).

Inoue, Y.

Jablonski, M.

Jiang, B. X.

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jiang, T.

C. J. Jin, Y. Bai, L. F. Li, T. Jiang, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A single-frequency, graphene-based passively Q-switched Tm:YAP laser,” Laser Phys. 25, 015001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jin, C. J.

C. J. Jin, Y. Bai, L. F. Li, T. Jiang, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A single-frequency, graphene-based passively Q-switched Tm:YAP laser,” Laser Phys. 25, 015001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kalantar-Zadeh, K.

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kartner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

A. Splendiani, L. Sun, Y. B. Zhang, T. S. Li, J. Kim, C. Y. Chim, G. Galli, and F. Wang, “Emerging photoluminescence in monolayer MoS2,” Nano Lett. 10, 1271–1275 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kis, A.

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio, V. Giacometti, and A. Kis, “Single-layer MoS2 transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 147–150 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Lee, C.

K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically thin MoS2: a new direct-gap semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 136805 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, T. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Dual-wavelength passively Q-switched Nd, Mg:LiTaO3 laser with a monolayer graphene as saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1600705 (2015).

Li, D. C.

X. T. Chen, S. Z. Zhao, J. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, H. J. Zhang, T. L. Feng, X. D. Xu, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Sub-100  ns passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser with multi-walled carbon nanotube,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, G. Q.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, T. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Dual-wavelength passively Q-switched Nd, Mg:LiTaO3 laser with a monolayer graphene as saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1600705 (2015).

X. T. Chen, S. Z. Zhao, J. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, H. J. Zhang, T. L. Feng, X. D. Xu, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Sub-100  ns passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser with multi-walled carbon nanotube,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, J. F.

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, Y. L. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97  μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, L. F.

C. J. Jin, Y. Bai, L. F. Li, T. Jiang, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A single-frequency, graphene-based passively Q-switched Tm:YAP laser,” Laser Phys. 25, 015001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, T.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, T. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Dual-wavelength passively Q-switched Nd, Mg:LiTaO3 laser with a monolayer graphene as saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1600705 (2015).

X. T. Chen, S. Z. Zhao, J. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, H. J. Zhang, T. L. Feng, X. D. Xu, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Sub-100  ns passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser with multi-walled carbon nanotube,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, T. S.

A. Splendiani, L. Sun, Y. B. Zhang, T. S. Li, J. Kim, C. Y. Chim, G. Galli, and F. Wang, “Emerging photoluminescence in monolayer MoS2,” Nano Lett. 10, 1271–1275 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, X. L.

Li, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, H. T. Zhu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “Performance of diode-pumped Tm3+:Sc2SiO5 crystal passively Q-switched 2  μm laser,” Opt. Commun. 330, 151–154 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, Y. Q. Li, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “Passive Q-switched mode locking of a diode-pumped Tm:SSO laser near 2  μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. Y.

Lin, Z. Q.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Liu, C.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Liu, D. H.

C. Feng, D. H. Liu, and J. Liu, “Graphene oxide saturable absorber on golden reflective film for Tm:YAP Q-switched mode-locking laser at 2  mum,” J. Mod. Opt. 59, 1825–1828 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Liu, J.

Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, H. T. Zhu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “Performance of diode-pumped Tm3+:Sc2SiO5 crystal passively Q-switched 2  μm laser,” Opt. Commun. 330, 151–154 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, Y. Q. Li, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “Passive Q-switched mode locking of a diode-pumped Tm:SSO laser near 2  μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Feng, D. H. Liu, and J. Liu, “Graphene oxide saturable absorber on golden reflective film for Tm:YAP Q-switched mode-locking laser at 2  mum,” J. Mod. Opt. 59, 1825–1828 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

Liu, Y.

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, Y. L. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97  μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y. S.

Liu, Z. B.

Loch, K. P.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loch, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Loh, K. P.

Lotya, M.

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lu, S. B.

Luo, A. P.

Luo, H. Y.

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, Y. L. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97  μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z. C.

Luo, Z. Q.

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4077–4084 (2014).

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Lv, P.

Ma, J.

Mak, K. F.

K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically thin MoS2: a new direct-gap semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 136805 (2010).
[Crossref]

Maruyama, S.

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mei, L. M.

S. X. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, A. Z. Wang, Z. M. W. Zhao, Y. X. Chen, L. M. Mei, and J. Y. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26, 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

Murakami, Y.

Neto, A. H. C.

A. Carvalho, R. M. Ribeiro, and A. H. C. Neto, “Band nesting and the optical response of two-dimensional semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides,” Phys. Rev. B 88, 115205 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ni, Z. H.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loch, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

O’Neill, A.

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Obraztsova, E. D.

V. R. Sorochenko, E. D. Obraztsova, P. S. Rusakov, and M. G. Rybin, “Nonlinear transmission of CO2 laser radiation by graphene,” Quantum Electron. 42, 907–912 (2012).
[Crossref]

Peng, J.

Petrov, V.

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Wavelength-versatile graphene-gold film saturable absorber mirror for ultra-broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5016 (2014).

Popa, D.

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Privitera, G.

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Qi, Y. L.

Qian, L. J.

Qiao, W. C.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, T. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Dual-wavelength passively Q-switched Nd, Mg:LiTaO3 laser with a monolayer graphene as saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1600705 (2015).

X. T. Chen, S. Z. Zhao, J. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, H. J. Zhang, T. L. Feng, X. D. Xu, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Sub-100  ns passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser with multi-walled carbon nanotube,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Radenovic, A.

B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio, V. Giacometti, and A. Kis, “Single-layer MoS2 transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 147–150 (2011).
[Crossref]

Radisavljevic, B.

B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio, V. Giacometti, and A. Kis, “Single-layer MoS2 transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 147–150 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ren, Z. Y.

C. J. Jin, Y. Bai, L. F. Li, T. Jiang, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A single-frequency, graphene-based passively Q-switched Tm:YAP laser,” Laser Phys. 25, 015001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ribeiro, R. M.

A. Carvalho, R. M. Ribeiro, and A. H. C. Neto, “Band nesting and the optical response of two-dimensional semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides,” Phys. Rev. B 88, 115205 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rozhin, A. G.

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, Y. L. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97  μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rusakov, P. S.

V. R. Sorochenko, E. D. Obraztsova, P. S. Rusakov, and M. G. Rybin, “Nonlinear transmission of CO2 laser radiation by graphene,” Quantum Electron. 42, 907–912 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rybin, M. G.

V. R. Sorochenko, E. D. Obraztsova, P. S. Rusakov, and M. G. Rybin, “Nonlinear transmission of CO2 laser radiation by graphene,” Quantum Electron. 42, 907–912 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sahin, H.

C. Ataca, H. Şahin, and S. Ciraci, “Stable, single-layer MX2 transition-metal oxides and dichalcogenides in a honeycomb-like structure,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 8983–8999 (2012).
[Crossref]

Set, S. Y.

Shan, J.

K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically thin MoS2: a new direct-gap semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 136805 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shen, Z. X.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loch, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sorochenko, V. R.

V. R. Sorochenko, E. D. Obraztsova, P. S. Rusakov, and M. G. Rybin, “Nonlinear transmission of CO2 laser radiation by graphene,” Quantum Electron. 42, 907–912 (2012).
[Crossref]

Splendiani, A.

A. Splendiani, L. Sun, Y. B. Zhang, T. S. Li, J. Kim, C. Y. Chim, G. Galli, and F. Wang, “Emerging photoluminescence in monolayer MoS2,” Nano Lett. 10, 1271–1275 (2010).
[Crossref]

Strano, M. S.

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref]

Su, L. B.

Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, H. T. Zhu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “Performance of diode-pumped Tm3+:Sc2SiO5 crystal passively Q-switched 2  μm laser,” Opt. Commun. 330, 151–154 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, Y. Q. Li, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “Passive Q-switched mode locking of a diode-pumped Tm:SSO laser near 2  μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sun, L.

A. Splendiani, L. Sun, Y. B. Zhang, T. S. Li, J. Kim, C. Y. Chim, G. Galli, and F. Wang, “Emerging photoluminescence in monolayer MoS2,” Nano Lett. 10, 1271–1275 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sun, L. P.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Sun, Z. P.

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

Tian, J. G.

Torrisi, F.

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Turistyn, S. K.

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, Y. L. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97  μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, A. Z.

S. X. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, A. Z. Wang, Z. M. W. Zhao, Y. X. Chen, L. M. Mei, and J. Y. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26, 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, B. L.

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

A. Splendiani, L. Sun, Y. B. Zhang, T. S. Li, J. Kim, C. Y. Chim, G. Galli, and F. Wang, “Emerging photoluminescence in monolayer MoS2,” Nano Lett. 10, 1271–1275 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, F. Q.

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. Y.

S. X. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, A. Z. Wang, Z. M. W. Zhao, Y. X. Chen, L. M. Mei, and J. Y. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26, 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Wavelength-versatile graphene-gold film saturable absorber mirror for ultra-broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5016 (2014).

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene saturable absorber for Q-switching and mode locking at 2  μm wavelength [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 2, 878–883 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Tm:CLNGG disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1376–1378 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond laser at 2  μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2085–2087 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, K. P.

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
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Wang, Q. H.

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 699–712 (2012).
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S. X. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, A. Z. Wang, Z. M. W. Zhao, Y. X. Chen, L. M. Mei, and J. Y. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26, 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loch, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. C.

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. G.

Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, H. T. Zhu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “Performance of diode-pumped Tm3+:Sc2SiO5 crystal passively Q-switched 2  μm laser,” Opt. Commun. 330, 151–154 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. T. Chen, S. Z. Zhao, J. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, H. J. Zhang, T. L. Feng, X. D. Xu, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Sub-100  ns passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser with multi-walled carbon nanotube,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, Y. Q. Li, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “Passive Q-switched mode locking of a diode-pumped Tm:SSO laser near 2  μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. S.

X. T. Chen, S. Z. Zhao, J. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, H. J. Zhang, T. L. Feng, X. D. Xu, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Sub-100  ns passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser with multi-walled carbon nanotube,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

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U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
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Wen, S. C.

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22, 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Weng, J.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4077–4084 (2014).

Wu, D. D.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Wu, J. Y.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4077–4084 (2014).

Wu, Y. Z.

Xie, G. Q.

Xu, B.

Xu, H. Y.

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4077–4084 (2014).

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2  μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Xu, J.

X. T. Chen, S. Z. Zhao, J. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, H. J. Zhang, T. L. Feng, X. D. Xu, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Sub-100  ns passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser with multi-walled carbon nanotube,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, H. T. Zhu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “Performance of diode-pumped Tm3+:Sc2SiO5 crystal passively Q-switched 2  μm laser,” Opt. Commun. 330, 151–154 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, Y. Q. Li, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “Passive Q-switched mode locking of a diode-pumped Tm:SSO laser near 2  μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, J. L.

Xu, J. Q.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, T. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Dual-wavelength passively Q-switched Nd, Mg:LiTaO3 laser with a monolayer graphene as saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1600705 (2015).

Xu, W. C.

Xu, X. D.

X. T. Chen, S. Z. Zhao, J. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, H. J. Zhang, T. L. Feng, X. D. Xu, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Sub-100  ns passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser with multi-walled carbon nanotube,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yaguchi, H.

Yamashita, S.

Yan, Y. L.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loch, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, K. J.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, T. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Dual-wavelength passively Q-switched Nd, Mg:LiTaO3 laser with a monolayer graphene as saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1600705 (2015).

X. T. Chen, S. Z. Zhao, J. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, H. J. Zhang, T. L. Feng, X. D. Xu, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Sub-100  ns passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser with multi-walled carbon nanotube,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, H. H.

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Wavelength-versatile graphene-gold film saturable absorber mirror for ultra-broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5016 (2014).

S. X. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, A. Z. Wang, Z. M. W. Zhao, Y. X. Chen, L. M. Mei, and J. Y. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26, 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene saturable absorber for Q-switching and mode locking at 2  μm wavelength [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 2, 878–883 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Tm:CLNGG disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1376–1378 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond laser at 2  μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2085–2087 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yuan, P.

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22, 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, X. W. Zheng, Y. L. Qi, H. Liu, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber for 2.5  GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22, 22841–22846 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loch, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H. J.

X. T. Chen, S. Z. Zhao, J. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, H. J. Zhang, T. L. Feng, X. D. Xu, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Sub-100  ns passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser with multi-walled carbon nanotube,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Wavelength-versatile graphene-gold film saturable absorber mirror for ultra-broadband mode-locking of bulk lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5016 (2014).

S. X. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, A. Z. Wang, Z. M. W. Zhao, Y. X. Chen, L. M. Mei, and J. Y. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26, 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene saturable absorber for Q-switching and mode locking at 2  μm wavelength [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 2, 878–883 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Tm:CLNGG disordered crystal laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1376–1378 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond laser at 2  μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2085–2087 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H. Z.

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, Y. L. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97  μm fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. L.

Zhang, X. Y.

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y. B.

A. Splendiani, L. Sun, Y. B. Zhang, T. S. Li, J. Kim, C. Y. Chim, G. Galli, and F. Wang, “Emerging photoluminescence in monolayer MoS2,” Nano Lett. 10, 1271–1275 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

M. Liu, X. W. Zheng, Y. L. Qi, H. Liu, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber for 2.5  GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22, 22841–22846 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, T. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Dual-wavelength passively Q-switched Nd, Mg:LiTaO3 laser with a monolayer graphene as saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1600705 (2015).

X. T. Chen, S. Z. Zhao, J. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, H. J. Zhang, T. L. Feng, X. D. Xu, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Sub-100  ns passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser with multi-walled carbon nanotube,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Q. Z.

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, S. Z.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, T. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Dual-wavelength passively Q-switched Nd, Mg:LiTaO3 laser with a monolayer graphene as saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1600705 (2015).

X. T. Chen, S. Z. Zhao, J. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, H. J. Zhang, T. L. Feng, X. D. Xu, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Sub-100  ns passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser with multi-walled carbon nanotube,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X.

Zhao, Z. M. W.

S. X. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, A. Z. Wang, Z. M. W. Zhao, Y. X. Chen, L. M. Mei, and J. Y. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26, 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zheng, J.

Zheng, L. H.

X. T. Chen, S. Z. Zhao, J. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, H. J. Zhang, T. L. Feng, X. D. Xu, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Sub-100  ns passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser with multi-walled carbon nanotube,” Opt. Laser Technol. 64, 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, H. T. Zhu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “Performance of diode-pumped Tm3+:Sc2SiO5 crystal passively Q-switched 2  μm laser,” Opt. Commun. 330, 151–154 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, Y. Q. Li, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Y. G. Wang, “Passive Q-switched mode locking of a diode-pumped Tm:SSO laser near 2  μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X. W.

Zhong, M.

Zhou, K. M.

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K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of Tm:CLNGG laser setup with MoS 2 as SA. Inset: picture of the MoS 2 on golden-film mirror.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Q -switching pulse train in 400 μs and 10 ms timescales, respectively.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Optical spectrum of the Q -switched Tm:CLNGG laser.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a)  Q -switched pulse repetition rate and pulse duration versus the absorbed pump power. (b) Average output power and pulse energy versus the absorbed pump power.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Envelope of Q -switched mode locking in 100 μs time scale. (b) Mode-locking pulse train within the Q -switching envelope in 200 ns time scale.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Spectrum of the Q -switched mode-locked laser.

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