Abstract

Metal-semiconductor-metal photodetectors on semi-insulating GaAs with interdigital electrodes showed significant enhancement in the spectral response in the near-infrared region as the electrode spacing is reduced. The photocurrent for the device with 5 μm interdigital spacing is five orders of magnitude higher than the dark current, and the room temperature detectivity is on the order of 2.4×1012cmHz1/2W1 at 5 V bias. Furthermore, the spectral response of this device possesses strong dependence on the polarization of incident light showing potential plasmonic effects with only microscale dimensions. These experimental data were analyzed using optical simulation to confirm the response of the devices.

© 2014 Chinese Laser Press

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  14. R.-P. Chang and D.-C. Perng, “Near-infrared photodetector with CuIn1-xAlxSe2 thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 081103 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. B. Herzog, M. W. Knight, Y. Li, K. M. Evans, N. J. Halas, and D. Natelson, “Dark plasmons in hot spot generation and polarization in interelectrode nanoscale junctions,” Nano Lett. 13, 1359–1364 (2013).
  16. J. N. Munday and H. A. Atwater, “Large integrated absorption enhancement in plasmonic solar cells by combining metallic gratings and antireflection coatings,” Nano Lett. 11, 2195–2201 (2011).
  17. H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9, 205–213 (2010).
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    [Crossref]
  19. P. Fan, K. C. Y. Huang, L. Cao, and M. L. Brongersma, “Redesigning photodetector electrodes as an optical antenna,” Nano Lett. 13, 392–396 (2013).
  20. H. Chalabi, D. Schoen, and M. L. Brongersma, “Hot-electron photodetection with a plasmonic nanostripe antenna,” Nano Lett. 14, 1374–1380 (2014).
  21. F.-F. Ren, K.-W. Ang, J. Song, Q. Fang, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Surface plasmon enhanced responsivity in a waveguided germanium metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 091102 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  22. J. Hetterich, G. Bastian, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, G. von Plessen, and U. Lemmer, “Optimized design of plasmonic MSM photodetector,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 855–859 (2007).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  24. A. I. Nusir, J. Aguilar, Z. Bever, and M. O. Manasreh, “Uncooled photodetectors based on CdSe nanocrystals with an interdigital metallization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 051124 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  25. K.-J. Baeg, M. Binda, D. Natali, M. Caironi, and Y.-Y. Noh, “Organic light detectors: photodiodes and phototransistors,” Adv. Mater. 25, 4267–4295 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  26. K. Swaminathan, T. J. Grassman, L.-M. Yang, Q. Gu, M. J. Mills, and S. A. Ringel, “Optically-aligned visible/near-infrared dual-band photodetector materials and devices on GaAs using metamorphic epitaxy,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 063109 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  27. L. Fu, P. Lever, K. Sears, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “In0.5Ga0.5As/GaAs quantum dot infrared photodetectors grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Electron. Device Lett. 26, 628–630 (2005).
  28. A. M. Hill, A. I. Nusir, P. V. Nguyen, O. M. Manasreh, and J. B. Herzog, “Computational electromagnetic analysis of plasmonic effects in interdigital photodetectors,” Proc. SPIE 9163, 91633Q (2014).

2014 (6)

J. R. Retamal, C.-Y. Chen, D.-H. Lien, M. Huang, C.-A. Lin, C.-P. Liu, and J.-H. He, “Concurrent improvement in photogain and speed of a metal oxide nanowire photodetector through enhancing surface band bending via incorporating a nanoscale heterojunction,” ACS Photon. 1, 354–359 (2014).

H.-H. Chen, Y.-C. Su, W.-L. Huang, C.-Y. Kuo, W.-C. Tian, M.-J. Chen, and S.-C. Lee, “A plasmonic infrared photodetector with narrow bandwidth absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 023109 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Color-selective and CMOS-compatible photodetection based on aluminum plasmonics,” Adv. Mater. 26, 6318–6323 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. I. Nusir, J. Aguilar, Z. Bever, and M. O. Manasreh, “Uncooled photodetectors based on CdSe nanocrystals with an interdigital metallization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 051124 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chalabi, D. Schoen, and M. L. Brongersma, “Hot-electron photodetection with a plasmonic nanostripe antenna,” Nano Lett. 14, 1374–1380 (2014).

A. M. Hill, A. I. Nusir, P. V. Nguyen, O. M. Manasreh, and J. B. Herzog, “Computational electromagnetic analysis of plasmonic effects in interdigital photodetectors,” Proc. SPIE 9163, 91633Q (2014).

2013 (5)

P. Fan, K. C. Y. Huang, L. Cao, and M. L. Brongersma, “Redesigning photodetector electrodes as an optical antenna,” Nano Lett. 13, 392–396 (2013).

K.-J. Baeg, M. Binda, D. Natali, M. Caironi, and Y.-Y. Noh, “Organic light detectors: photodiodes and phototransistors,” Adv. Mater. 25, 4267–4295 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Yuan, Q. Dong, B. Yang, F. Guo, Q. Zhang, M. Han, and J. Huang, “Solution-processed nanoparticle super-float-gated organic field-effect transistor as un-cooled ultraviolet and infrared photon counter,” Sci. Rep. 3, 02707 (2013).

O. Lopez-Sanchez, D. Lembke, M. Kayci, A. Radenovic, and A. Kis, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on monolayer MoS2,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8, 497–501 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. B. Herzog, M. W. Knight, Y. Li, K. M. Evans, N. J. Halas, and D. Natelson, “Dark plasmons in hot spot generation and polarization in interelectrode nanoscale junctions,” Nano Lett. 13, 1359–1364 (2013).

2012 (2)

P. Fan, U. K. Chettiar, L. Cao, F. Afshinmanesh, N. Engheta, and M. L. Brongersma, “An invisible metal–semiconductor photodetector,” Nat. Photonics 6, 380–385 (2012).

P. Hu, Z. Wen, L. Wang, P. Tan, and K. Xiao, “Synthesis of few-layer GaSe nanosheets for high performance photodetectors,” ACS Nano 6, 5988–5994 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

J. N. Munday and H. A. Atwater, “Large integrated absorption enhancement in plasmonic solar cells by combining metallic gratings and antireflection coatings,” Nano Lett. 11, 2195–2201 (2011).

R.-P. Chang and D.-C. Perng, “Near-infrared photodetector with CuIn1-xAlxSe2 thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 081103 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. W. Knight, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Photodetection with active optical antennas,” Science 332, 702–704 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Swaminathan, T. J. Grassman, L.-M. Yang, Q. Gu, M. J. Mills, and S. A. Ringel, “Optically-aligned visible/near-infrared dual-band photodetector materials and devices on GaAs using metamorphic epitaxy,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 063109 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (5)

F.-F. Ren, K.-W. Ang, J. Song, Q. Fang, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Surface plasmon enhanced responsivity in a waveguided germanium metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 091102 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9, 205–213 (2010).

G. Konstantatos and E. H. Sargent, “Nanostructured materials for photon detection,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 391–400 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Assefa, F. Xia, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Reinventing germanium avalanche photodetector for nanophotonic on-chip optical interconnects,” Nature 464, 80–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Cao, J.-S. Park, P. Fan, B. Clemens, and M. L. Brongersma, “Resonant germanium nanoantenna photodetectors,” Nano Lett. 10, 1229–1233 (2010).

2009 (1)

G. Konstantatos and E. H. Sargent, “Solution-processed quantum dot photodetectors,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1666–1683 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

J. Hetterich, G. Bastian, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, G. von Plessen, and U. Lemmer, “Optimized design of plasmonic MSM photodetector,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 855–859 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

G. Konstantatos, I. Howard, A. Fischer, S. Hoogland, J. Clifford, E. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Ultrasensitive solution-cast quantum dot photodetectors,” Nature 442, 180–183 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

L. Fu, P. Lever, K. Sears, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “In0.5Ga0.5As/GaAs quantum dot infrared photodetectors grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Electron. Device Lett. 26, 628–630 (2005).

2004 (1)

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, “Efficient light absorption in metal–semiconductor–metal nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 194–196 (2004).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

M. Y. Liu and S. Y. Chou, “Internal emission metal-semiconductor-metal photodetectors on Si and GaAs for 1.3 μm detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2673–2675 (1995).
[Crossref]

Afshinmanesh, F.

P. Fan, U. K. Chettiar, L. Cao, F. Afshinmanesh, N. Engheta, and M. L. Brongersma, “An invisible metal–semiconductor photodetector,” Nat. Photonics 6, 380–385 (2012).

Aguilar, J.

A. I. Nusir, J. Aguilar, Z. Bever, and M. O. Manasreh, “Uncooled photodetectors based on CdSe nanocrystals with an interdigital metallization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 051124 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ang, K.-W.

F.-F. Ren, K.-W. Ang, J. Song, Q. Fang, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Surface plasmon enhanced responsivity in a waveguided germanium metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 091102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Assefa, S.

S. Assefa, F. Xia, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Reinventing germanium avalanche photodetector for nanophotonic on-chip optical interconnects,” Nature 464, 80–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

J. N. Munday and H. A. Atwater, “Large integrated absorption enhancement in plasmonic solar cells by combining metallic gratings and antireflection coatings,” Nano Lett. 11, 2195–2201 (2011).

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9, 205–213 (2010).

Baeg, K.-J.

K.-J. Baeg, M. Binda, D. Natali, M. Caironi, and Y.-Y. Noh, “Organic light detectors: photodiodes and phototransistors,” Adv. Mater. 25, 4267–4295 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bastian, G.

J. Hetterich, G. Bastian, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, G. von Plessen, and U. Lemmer, “Optimized design of plasmonic MSM photodetector,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 855–859 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bever, Z.

A. I. Nusir, J. Aguilar, Z. Bever, and M. O. Manasreh, “Uncooled photodetectors based on CdSe nanocrystals with an interdigital metallization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 051124 (2014).
[Crossref]

Binda, M.

K.-J. Baeg, M. Binda, D. Natali, M. Caironi, and Y.-Y. Noh, “Organic light detectors: photodiodes and phototransistors,” Adv. Mater. 25, 4267–4295 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brongersma, M. L.

H. Chalabi, D. Schoen, and M. L. Brongersma, “Hot-electron photodetection with a plasmonic nanostripe antenna,” Nano Lett. 14, 1374–1380 (2014).

P. Fan, K. C. Y. Huang, L. Cao, and M. L. Brongersma, “Redesigning photodetector electrodes as an optical antenna,” Nano Lett. 13, 392–396 (2013).

P. Fan, U. K. Chettiar, L. Cao, F. Afshinmanesh, N. Engheta, and M. L. Brongersma, “An invisible metal–semiconductor photodetector,” Nat. Photonics 6, 380–385 (2012).

L. Cao, J.-S. Park, P. Fan, B. Clemens, and M. L. Brongersma, “Resonant germanium nanoantenna photodetectors,” Nano Lett. 10, 1229–1233 (2010).

Caironi, M.

K.-J. Baeg, M. Binda, D. Natali, M. Caironi, and Y.-Y. Noh, “Organic light detectors: photodiodes and phototransistors,” Adv. Mater. 25, 4267–4295 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cao, L.

P. Fan, K. C. Y. Huang, L. Cao, and M. L. Brongersma, “Redesigning photodetector electrodes as an optical antenna,” Nano Lett. 13, 392–396 (2013).

P. Fan, U. K. Chettiar, L. Cao, F. Afshinmanesh, N. Engheta, and M. L. Brongersma, “An invisible metal–semiconductor photodetector,” Nat. Photonics 6, 380–385 (2012).

L. Cao, J.-S. Park, P. Fan, B. Clemens, and M. L. Brongersma, “Resonant germanium nanoantenna photodetectors,” Nano Lett. 10, 1229–1233 (2010).

Chalabi, H.

H. Chalabi, D. Schoen, and M. L. Brongersma, “Hot-electron photodetection with a plasmonic nanostripe antenna,” Nano Lett. 14, 1374–1380 (2014).

Chang, R.-P.

R.-P. Chang and D.-C. Perng, “Near-infrared photodetector with CuIn1-xAlxSe2 thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 081103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.-Y.

J. R. Retamal, C.-Y. Chen, D.-H. Lien, M. Huang, C.-A. Lin, C.-P. Liu, and J.-H. He, “Concurrent improvement in photogain and speed of a metal oxide nanowire photodetector through enhancing surface band bending via incorporating a nanoscale heterojunction,” ACS Photon. 1, 354–359 (2014).

Chen, H.-H.

H.-H. Chen, Y.-C. Su, W.-L. Huang, C.-Y. Kuo, W.-C. Tian, M.-J. Chen, and S.-C. Lee, “A plasmonic infrared photodetector with narrow bandwidth absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 023109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.-J.

H.-H. Chen, Y.-C. Su, W.-L. Huang, C.-Y. Kuo, W.-C. Tian, M.-J. Chen, and S.-C. Lee, “A plasmonic infrared photodetector with narrow bandwidth absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 023109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chettiar, U. K.

P. Fan, U. K. Chettiar, L. Cao, F. Afshinmanesh, N. Engheta, and M. L. Brongersma, “An invisible metal–semiconductor photodetector,” Nat. Photonics 6, 380–385 (2012).

Chou, S. Y.

M. Y. Liu and S. Y. Chou, “Internal emission metal-semiconductor-metal photodetectors on Si and GaAs for 1.3 μm detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2673–2675 (1995).
[Crossref]

Clemens, B.

L. Cao, J.-S. Park, P. Fan, B. Clemens, and M. L. Brongersma, “Resonant germanium nanoantenna photodetectors,” Nano Lett. 10, 1229–1233 (2010).

Clifford, J.

G. Konstantatos, I. Howard, A. Fischer, S. Hoogland, J. Clifford, E. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Ultrasensitive solution-cast quantum dot photodetectors,” Nature 442, 180–183 (2006).
[Crossref]

Collin, S.

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, “Efficient light absorption in metal–semiconductor–metal nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 194–196 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dong, Q.

Y. Yuan, Q. Dong, B. Yang, F. Guo, Q. Zhang, M. Han, and J. Huang, “Solution-processed nanoparticle super-float-gated organic field-effect transistor as un-cooled ultraviolet and infrared photon counter,” Sci. Rep. 3, 02707 (2013).

Engheta, N.

P. Fan, U. K. Chettiar, L. Cao, F. Afshinmanesh, N. Engheta, and M. L. Brongersma, “An invisible metal–semiconductor photodetector,” Nat. Photonics 6, 380–385 (2012).

Evans, K. M.

J. B. Herzog, M. W. Knight, Y. Li, K. M. Evans, N. J. Halas, and D. Natelson, “Dark plasmons in hot spot generation and polarization in interelectrode nanoscale junctions,” Nano Lett. 13, 1359–1364 (2013).

Fan, P.

P. Fan, K. C. Y. Huang, L. Cao, and M. L. Brongersma, “Redesigning photodetector electrodes as an optical antenna,” Nano Lett. 13, 392–396 (2013).

P. Fan, U. K. Chettiar, L. Cao, F. Afshinmanesh, N. Engheta, and M. L. Brongersma, “An invisible metal–semiconductor photodetector,” Nat. Photonics 6, 380–385 (2012).

L. Cao, J.-S. Park, P. Fan, B. Clemens, and M. L. Brongersma, “Resonant germanium nanoantenna photodetectors,” Nano Lett. 10, 1229–1233 (2010).

Fang, Q.

F.-F. Ren, K.-W. Ang, J. Song, Q. Fang, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Surface plasmon enhanced responsivity in a waveguided germanium metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 091102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fischer, A.

G. Konstantatos, I. Howard, A. Fischer, S. Hoogland, J. Clifford, E. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Ultrasensitive solution-cast quantum dot photodetectors,” Nature 442, 180–183 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fu, L.

L. Fu, P. Lever, K. Sears, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “In0.5Ga0.5As/GaAs quantum dot infrared photodetectors grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Electron. Device Lett. 26, 628–630 (2005).

Gippius, N. A.

J. Hetterich, G. Bastian, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, G. von Plessen, and U. Lemmer, “Optimized design of plasmonic MSM photodetector,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 855–859 (2007).
[Crossref]

Grassman, T. J.

K. Swaminathan, T. J. Grassman, L.-M. Yang, Q. Gu, M. J. Mills, and S. A. Ringel, “Optically-aligned visible/near-infrared dual-band photodetector materials and devices on GaAs using metamorphic epitaxy,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 063109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gu, Q.

K. Swaminathan, T. J. Grassman, L.-M. Yang, Q. Gu, M. J. Mills, and S. A. Ringel, “Optically-aligned visible/near-infrared dual-band photodetector materials and devices on GaAs using metamorphic epitaxy,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 063109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Guo, F.

Y. Yuan, Q. Dong, B. Yang, F. Guo, Q. Zhang, M. Han, and J. Huang, “Solution-processed nanoparticle super-float-gated organic field-effect transistor as un-cooled ultraviolet and infrared photon counter,” Sci. Rep. 3, 02707 (2013).

Halas, N. J.

B. Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Color-selective and CMOS-compatible photodetection based on aluminum plasmonics,” Adv. Mater. 26, 6318–6323 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. B. Herzog, M. W. Knight, Y. Li, K. M. Evans, N. J. Halas, and D. Natelson, “Dark plasmons in hot spot generation and polarization in interelectrode nanoscale junctions,” Nano Lett. 13, 1359–1364 (2013).

M. W. Knight, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Photodetection with active optical antennas,” Science 332, 702–704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Han, M.

Y. Yuan, Q. Dong, B. Yang, F. Guo, Q. Zhang, M. Han, and J. Huang, “Solution-processed nanoparticle super-float-gated organic field-effect transistor as un-cooled ultraviolet and infrared photon counter,” Sci. Rep. 3, 02707 (2013).

He, J.-H.

J. R. Retamal, C.-Y. Chen, D.-H. Lien, M. Huang, C.-A. Lin, C.-P. Liu, and J.-H. He, “Concurrent improvement in photogain and speed of a metal oxide nanowire photodetector through enhancing surface band bending via incorporating a nanoscale heterojunction,” ACS Photon. 1, 354–359 (2014).

Herzog, J. B.

A. M. Hill, A. I. Nusir, P. V. Nguyen, O. M. Manasreh, and J. B. Herzog, “Computational electromagnetic analysis of plasmonic effects in interdigital photodetectors,” Proc. SPIE 9163, 91633Q (2014).

J. B. Herzog, M. W. Knight, Y. Li, K. M. Evans, N. J. Halas, and D. Natelson, “Dark plasmons in hot spot generation and polarization in interelectrode nanoscale junctions,” Nano Lett. 13, 1359–1364 (2013).

Hetterich, J.

J. Hetterich, G. Bastian, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, G. von Plessen, and U. Lemmer, “Optimized design of plasmonic MSM photodetector,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 855–859 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hill, A. M.

A. M. Hill, A. I. Nusir, P. V. Nguyen, O. M. Manasreh, and J. B. Herzog, “Computational electromagnetic analysis of plasmonic effects in interdigital photodetectors,” Proc. SPIE 9163, 91633Q (2014).

Hoogland, S.

G. Konstantatos, I. Howard, A. Fischer, S. Hoogland, J. Clifford, E. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Ultrasensitive solution-cast quantum dot photodetectors,” Nature 442, 180–183 (2006).
[Crossref]

Howard, I.

G. Konstantatos, I. Howard, A. Fischer, S. Hoogland, J. Clifford, E. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Ultrasensitive solution-cast quantum dot photodetectors,” Nature 442, 180–183 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hu, P.

P. Hu, Z. Wen, L. Wang, P. Tan, and K. Xiao, “Synthesis of few-layer GaSe nanosheets for high performance photodetectors,” ACS Nano 6, 5988–5994 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.

Y. Yuan, Q. Dong, B. Yang, F. Guo, Q. Zhang, M. Han, and J. Huang, “Solution-processed nanoparticle super-float-gated organic field-effect transistor as un-cooled ultraviolet and infrared photon counter,” Sci. Rep. 3, 02707 (2013).

Huang, K. C. Y.

P. Fan, K. C. Y. Huang, L. Cao, and M. L. Brongersma, “Redesigning photodetector electrodes as an optical antenna,” Nano Lett. 13, 392–396 (2013).

Huang, M.

J. R. Retamal, C.-Y. Chen, D.-H. Lien, M. Huang, C.-A. Lin, C.-P. Liu, and J.-H. He, “Concurrent improvement in photogain and speed of a metal oxide nanowire photodetector through enhancing surface band bending via incorporating a nanoscale heterojunction,” ACS Photon. 1, 354–359 (2014).

Huang, W.-L.

H.-H. Chen, Y.-C. Su, W.-L. Huang, C.-Y. Kuo, W.-C. Tian, M.-J. Chen, and S.-C. Lee, “A plasmonic infrared photodetector with narrow bandwidth absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 023109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jagadish, C.

L. Fu, P. Lever, K. Sears, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “In0.5Ga0.5As/GaAs quantum dot infrared photodetectors grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Electron. Device Lett. 26, 628–630 (2005).

Kayci, M.

O. Lopez-Sanchez, D. Lembke, M. Kayci, A. Radenovic, and A. Kis, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on monolayer MoS2,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8, 497–501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kis, A.

O. Lopez-Sanchez, D. Lembke, M. Kayci, A. Radenovic, and A. Kis, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on monolayer MoS2,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8, 497–501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Klem, E.

G. Konstantatos, I. Howard, A. Fischer, S. Hoogland, J. Clifford, E. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Ultrasensitive solution-cast quantum dot photodetectors,” Nature 442, 180–183 (2006).
[Crossref]

Knight, M. W.

J. B. Herzog, M. W. Knight, Y. Li, K. M. Evans, N. J. Halas, and D. Natelson, “Dark plasmons in hot spot generation and polarization in interelectrode nanoscale junctions,” Nano Lett. 13, 1359–1364 (2013).

M. W. Knight, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Photodetection with active optical antennas,” Science 332, 702–704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Konstantatos, G.

G. Konstantatos and E. H. Sargent, “Nanostructured materials for photon detection,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 391–400 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Konstantatos and E. H. Sargent, “Solution-processed quantum dot photodetectors,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1666–1683 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Konstantatos, I. Howard, A. Fischer, S. Hoogland, J. Clifford, E. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Ultrasensitive solution-cast quantum dot photodetectors,” Nature 442, 180–183 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kuo, C.-Y.

H.-H. Chen, Y.-C. Su, W.-L. Huang, C.-Y. Kuo, W.-C. Tian, M.-J. Chen, and S.-C. Lee, “A plasmonic infrared photodetector with narrow bandwidth absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 023109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kwong, D.-L.

F.-F. Ren, K.-W. Ang, J. Song, Q. Fang, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Surface plasmon enhanced responsivity in a waveguided germanium metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 091102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.-C.

H.-H. Chen, Y.-C. Su, W.-L. Huang, C.-Y. Kuo, W.-C. Tian, M.-J. Chen, and S.-C. Lee, “A plasmonic infrared photodetector with narrow bandwidth absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 023109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lembke, D.

O. Lopez-Sanchez, D. Lembke, M. Kayci, A. Radenovic, and A. Kis, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on monolayer MoS2,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8, 497–501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lemmer, U.

J. Hetterich, G. Bastian, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, G. von Plessen, and U. Lemmer, “Optimized design of plasmonic MSM photodetector,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 855–859 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lever, P.

L. Fu, P. Lever, K. Sears, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “In0.5Ga0.5As/GaAs quantum dot infrared photodetectors grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Electron. Device Lett. 26, 628–630 (2005).

Levina, L.

G. Konstantatos, I. Howard, A. Fischer, S. Hoogland, J. Clifford, E. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Ultrasensitive solution-cast quantum dot photodetectors,” Nature 442, 180–183 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

J. B. Herzog, M. W. Knight, Y. Li, K. M. Evans, N. J. Halas, and D. Natelson, “Dark plasmons in hot spot generation and polarization in interelectrode nanoscale junctions,” Nano Lett. 13, 1359–1364 (2013).

Lien, D.-H.

J. R. Retamal, C.-Y. Chen, D.-H. Lien, M. Huang, C.-A. Lin, C.-P. Liu, and J.-H. He, “Concurrent improvement in photogain and speed of a metal oxide nanowire photodetector through enhancing surface band bending via incorporating a nanoscale heterojunction,” ACS Photon. 1, 354–359 (2014).

Lin, C.-A.

J. R. Retamal, C.-Y. Chen, D.-H. Lien, M. Huang, C.-A. Lin, C.-P. Liu, and J.-H. He, “Concurrent improvement in photogain and speed of a metal oxide nanowire photodetector through enhancing surface band bending via incorporating a nanoscale heterojunction,” ACS Photon. 1, 354–359 (2014).

Liu, C.-P.

J. R. Retamal, C.-Y. Chen, D.-H. Lien, M. Huang, C.-A. Lin, C.-P. Liu, and J.-H. He, “Concurrent improvement in photogain and speed of a metal oxide nanowire photodetector through enhancing surface band bending via incorporating a nanoscale heterojunction,” ACS Photon. 1, 354–359 (2014).

Liu, M. Y.

M. Y. Liu and S. Y. Chou, “Internal emission metal-semiconductor-metal photodetectors on Si and GaAs for 1.3 μm detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2673–2675 (1995).
[Crossref]

Lo, G.-Q.

F.-F. Ren, K.-W. Ang, J. Song, Q. Fang, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Surface plasmon enhanced responsivity in a waveguided germanium metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 091102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lopez-Sanchez, O.

O. Lopez-Sanchez, D. Lembke, M. Kayci, A. Radenovic, and A. Kis, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on monolayer MoS2,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8, 497–501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Manasreh, M. O.

A. I. Nusir, J. Aguilar, Z. Bever, and M. O. Manasreh, “Uncooled photodetectors based on CdSe nanocrystals with an interdigital metallization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 051124 (2014).
[Crossref]

Manasreh, O. M.

A. M. Hill, A. I. Nusir, P. V. Nguyen, O. M. Manasreh, and J. B. Herzog, “Computational electromagnetic analysis of plasmonic effects in interdigital photodetectors,” Proc. SPIE 9163, 91633Q (2014).

Mills, M. J.

K. Swaminathan, T. J. Grassman, L.-M. Yang, Q. Gu, M. J. Mills, and S. A. Ringel, “Optically-aligned visible/near-infrared dual-band photodetector materials and devices on GaAs using metamorphic epitaxy,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 063109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Munday, J. N.

J. N. Munday and H. A. Atwater, “Large integrated absorption enhancement in plasmonic solar cells by combining metallic gratings and antireflection coatings,” Nano Lett. 11, 2195–2201 (2011).

Natali, D.

K.-J. Baeg, M. Binda, D. Natali, M. Caironi, and Y.-Y. Noh, “Organic light detectors: photodiodes and phototransistors,” Adv. Mater. 25, 4267–4295 (2013).
[Crossref]

Natelson, D.

J. B. Herzog, M. W. Knight, Y. Li, K. M. Evans, N. J. Halas, and D. Natelson, “Dark plasmons in hot spot generation and polarization in interelectrode nanoscale junctions,” Nano Lett. 13, 1359–1364 (2013).

Nguyen, P. V.

A. M. Hill, A. I. Nusir, P. V. Nguyen, O. M. Manasreh, and J. B. Herzog, “Computational electromagnetic analysis of plasmonic effects in interdigital photodetectors,” Proc. SPIE 9163, 91633Q (2014).

Noh, Y.-Y.

K.-J. Baeg, M. Binda, D. Natali, M. Caironi, and Y.-Y. Noh, “Organic light detectors: photodiodes and phototransistors,” Adv. Mater. 25, 4267–4295 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nordlander, P.

B. Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Color-selective and CMOS-compatible photodetection based on aluminum plasmonics,” Adv. Mater. 26, 6318–6323 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. W. Knight, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Photodetection with active optical antennas,” Science 332, 702–704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nusir, A. I.

A. I. Nusir, J. Aguilar, Z. Bever, and M. O. Manasreh, “Uncooled photodetectors based on CdSe nanocrystals with an interdigital metallization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 051124 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. M. Hill, A. I. Nusir, P. V. Nguyen, O. M. Manasreh, and J. B. Herzog, “Computational electromagnetic analysis of plasmonic effects in interdigital photodetectors,” Proc. SPIE 9163, 91633Q (2014).

Pardo, F.

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, “Efficient light absorption in metal–semiconductor–metal nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 194–196 (2004).
[Crossref]

Park, J.-S.

L. Cao, J.-S. Park, P. Fan, B. Clemens, and M. L. Brongersma, “Resonant germanium nanoantenna photodetectors,” Nano Lett. 10, 1229–1233 (2010).

Pelouard, J.-L.

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, “Efficient light absorption in metal–semiconductor–metal nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 194–196 (2004).
[Crossref]

Perng, D.-C.

R.-P. Chang and D.-C. Perng, “Near-infrared photodetector with CuIn1-xAlxSe2 thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 081103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Polman, A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9, 205–213 (2010).

Radenovic, A.

O. Lopez-Sanchez, D. Lembke, M. Kayci, A. Radenovic, and A. Kis, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on monolayer MoS2,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8, 497–501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ren, F.-F.

F.-F. Ren, K.-W. Ang, J. Song, Q. Fang, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Surface plasmon enhanced responsivity in a waveguided germanium metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 091102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Retamal, J. R.

J. R. Retamal, C.-Y. Chen, D.-H. Lien, M. Huang, C.-A. Lin, C.-P. Liu, and J.-H. He, “Concurrent improvement in photogain and speed of a metal oxide nanowire photodetector through enhancing surface band bending via incorporating a nanoscale heterojunction,” ACS Photon. 1, 354–359 (2014).

Ringel, S. A.

K. Swaminathan, T. J. Grassman, L.-M. Yang, Q. Gu, M. J. Mills, and S. A. Ringel, “Optically-aligned visible/near-infrared dual-band photodetector materials and devices on GaAs using metamorphic epitaxy,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 063109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sargent, E. H.

G. Konstantatos and E. H. Sargent, “Nanostructured materials for photon detection,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 391–400 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Konstantatos and E. H. Sargent, “Solution-processed quantum dot photodetectors,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1666–1683 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Konstantatos, I. Howard, A. Fischer, S. Hoogland, J. Clifford, E. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Ultrasensitive solution-cast quantum dot photodetectors,” Nature 442, 180–183 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schoen, D.

H. Chalabi, D. Schoen, and M. L. Brongersma, “Hot-electron photodetection with a plasmonic nanostripe antenna,” Nano Lett. 14, 1374–1380 (2014).

Sears, K.

L. Fu, P. Lever, K. Sears, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “In0.5Ga0.5As/GaAs quantum dot infrared photodetectors grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Electron. Device Lett. 26, 628–630 (2005).

Sobhani, H.

M. W. Knight, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Photodetection with active optical antennas,” Science 332, 702–704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Song, J.

F.-F. Ren, K.-W. Ang, J. Song, Q. Fang, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Surface plasmon enhanced responsivity in a waveguided germanium metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 091102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Su, Y.-C.

H.-H. Chen, Y.-C. Su, W.-L. Huang, C.-Y. Kuo, W.-C. Tian, M.-J. Chen, and S.-C. Lee, “A plasmonic infrared photodetector with narrow bandwidth absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 023109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Swaminathan, K.

K. Swaminathan, T. J. Grassman, L.-M. Yang, Q. Gu, M. J. Mills, and S. A. Ringel, “Optically-aligned visible/near-infrared dual-band photodetector materials and devices on GaAs using metamorphic epitaxy,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 063109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tan, H. H.

L. Fu, P. Lever, K. Sears, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “In0.5Ga0.5As/GaAs quantum dot infrared photodetectors grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Electron. Device Lett. 26, 628–630 (2005).

Tan, P.

P. Hu, Z. Wen, L. Wang, P. Tan, and K. Xiao, “Synthesis of few-layer GaSe nanosheets for high performance photodetectors,” ACS Nano 6, 5988–5994 (2012).
[Crossref]

Teissier, R.

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, “Efficient light absorption in metal–semiconductor–metal nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 194–196 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tian, W.-C.

H.-H. Chen, Y.-C. Su, W.-L. Huang, C.-Y. Kuo, W.-C. Tian, M.-J. Chen, and S.-C. Lee, “A plasmonic infrared photodetector with narrow bandwidth absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 023109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tikhodeev, S. G.

J. Hetterich, G. Bastian, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, G. von Plessen, and U. Lemmer, “Optimized design of plasmonic MSM photodetector,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 855–859 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vlasov, Y. A.

S. Assefa, F. Xia, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Reinventing germanium avalanche photodetector for nanophotonic on-chip optical interconnects,” Nature 464, 80–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

von Plessen, G.

J. Hetterich, G. Bastian, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, G. von Plessen, and U. Lemmer, “Optimized design of plasmonic MSM photodetector,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 855–859 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

P. Hu, Z. Wen, L. Wang, P. Tan, and K. Xiao, “Synthesis of few-layer GaSe nanosheets for high performance photodetectors,” ACS Nano 6, 5988–5994 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

B. Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Color-selective and CMOS-compatible photodetection based on aluminum plasmonics,” Adv. Mater. 26, 6318–6323 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wen, Z.

P. Hu, Z. Wen, L. Wang, P. Tan, and K. Xiao, “Synthesis of few-layer GaSe nanosheets for high performance photodetectors,” ACS Nano 6, 5988–5994 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xia, F.

S. Assefa, F. Xia, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Reinventing germanium avalanche photodetector for nanophotonic on-chip optical interconnects,” Nature 464, 80–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xiao, K.

P. Hu, Z. Wen, L. Wang, P. Tan, and K. Xiao, “Synthesis of few-layer GaSe nanosheets for high performance photodetectors,” ACS Nano 6, 5988–5994 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, B.

Y. Yuan, Q. Dong, B. Yang, F. Guo, Q. Zhang, M. Han, and J. Huang, “Solution-processed nanoparticle super-float-gated organic field-effect transistor as un-cooled ultraviolet and infrared photon counter,” Sci. Rep. 3, 02707 (2013).

Yang, L.-M.

K. Swaminathan, T. J. Grassman, L.-M. Yang, Q. Gu, M. J. Mills, and S. A. Ringel, “Optically-aligned visible/near-infrared dual-band photodetector materials and devices on GaAs using metamorphic epitaxy,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 063109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yu, M.

F.-F. Ren, K.-W. Ang, J. Song, Q. Fang, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Surface plasmon enhanced responsivity in a waveguided germanium metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 091102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y.

Y. Yuan, Q. Dong, B. Yang, F. Guo, Q. Zhang, M. Han, and J. Huang, “Solution-processed nanoparticle super-float-gated organic field-effect transistor as un-cooled ultraviolet and infrared photon counter,” Sci. Rep. 3, 02707 (2013).

Zhang, Q.

Y. Yuan, Q. Dong, B. Yang, F. Guo, Q. Zhang, M. Han, and J. Huang, “Solution-processed nanoparticle super-float-gated organic field-effect transistor as un-cooled ultraviolet and infrared photon counter,” Sci. Rep. 3, 02707 (2013).

Zheng, B. Y.

B. Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Color-selective and CMOS-compatible photodetection based on aluminum plasmonics,” Adv. Mater. 26, 6318–6323 (2014).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

P. Hu, Z. Wen, L. Wang, P. Tan, and K. Xiao, “Synthesis of few-layer GaSe nanosheets for high performance photodetectors,” ACS Nano 6, 5988–5994 (2012).
[Crossref]

ACS Photon. (1)

J. R. Retamal, C.-Y. Chen, D.-H. Lien, M. Huang, C.-A. Lin, C.-P. Liu, and J.-H. He, “Concurrent improvement in photogain and speed of a metal oxide nanowire photodetector through enhancing surface band bending via incorporating a nanoscale heterojunction,” ACS Photon. 1, 354–359 (2014).

Adv. Mater. (2)

B. Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Color-selective and CMOS-compatible photodetection based on aluminum plasmonics,” Adv. Mater. 26, 6318–6323 (2014).
[Crossref]

K.-J. Baeg, M. Binda, D. Natali, M. Caironi, and Y.-Y. Noh, “Organic light detectors: photodiodes and phototransistors,” Adv. Mater. 25, 4267–4295 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

A. I. Nusir, J. Aguilar, Z. Bever, and M. O. Manasreh, “Uncooled photodetectors based on CdSe nanocrystals with an interdigital metallization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 051124 (2014).
[Crossref]

F.-F. Ren, K.-W. Ang, J. Song, Q. Fang, M. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Surface plasmon enhanced responsivity in a waveguided germanium metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 091102 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Liu and S. Y. Chou, “Internal emission metal-semiconductor-metal photodetectors on Si and GaAs for 1.3 μm detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2673–2675 (1995).
[Crossref]

H.-H. Chen, Y.-C. Su, W.-L. Huang, C.-Y. Kuo, W.-C. Tian, M.-J. Chen, and S.-C. Lee, “A plasmonic infrared photodetector with narrow bandwidth absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 023109 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, “Efficient light absorption in metal–semiconductor–metal nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 194–196 (2004).
[Crossref]

R.-P. Chang and D.-C. Perng, “Near-infrared photodetector with CuIn1-xAlxSe2 thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 081103 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Electron. Device Lett. (1)

L. Fu, P. Lever, K. Sears, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “In0.5Ga0.5As/GaAs quantum dot infrared photodetectors grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Electron. Device Lett. 26, 628–630 (2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Hetterich, G. Bastian, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, G. von Plessen, and U. Lemmer, “Optimized design of plasmonic MSM photodetector,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 855–859 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Swaminathan, T. J. Grassman, L.-M. Yang, Q. Gu, M. J. Mills, and S. A. Ringel, “Optically-aligned visible/near-infrared dual-band photodetector materials and devices on GaAs using metamorphic epitaxy,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 063109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (5)

P. Fan, K. C. Y. Huang, L. Cao, and M. L. Brongersma, “Redesigning photodetector electrodes as an optical antenna,” Nano Lett. 13, 392–396 (2013).

H. Chalabi, D. Schoen, and M. L. Brongersma, “Hot-electron photodetection with a plasmonic nanostripe antenna,” Nano Lett. 14, 1374–1380 (2014).

J. B. Herzog, M. W. Knight, Y. Li, K. M. Evans, N. J. Halas, and D. Natelson, “Dark plasmons in hot spot generation and polarization in interelectrode nanoscale junctions,” Nano Lett. 13, 1359–1364 (2013).

J. N. Munday and H. A. Atwater, “Large integrated absorption enhancement in plasmonic solar cells by combining metallic gratings and antireflection coatings,” Nano Lett. 11, 2195–2201 (2011).

L. Cao, J.-S. Park, P. Fan, B. Clemens, and M. L. Brongersma, “Resonant germanium nanoantenna photodetectors,” Nano Lett. 10, 1229–1233 (2010).

Nat. Mater. (1)

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9, 205–213 (2010).

Nat. Nanotechnol. (2)

O. Lopez-Sanchez, D. Lembke, M. Kayci, A. Radenovic, and A. Kis, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on monolayer MoS2,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8, 497–501 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Konstantatos and E. H. Sargent, “Nanostructured materials for photon detection,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5, 391–400 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

P. Fan, U. K. Chettiar, L. Cao, F. Afshinmanesh, N. Engheta, and M. L. Brongersma, “An invisible metal–semiconductor photodetector,” Nat. Photonics 6, 380–385 (2012).

Nature (2)

S. Assefa, F. Xia, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Reinventing germanium avalanche photodetector for nanophotonic on-chip optical interconnects,” Nature 464, 80–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Konstantatos, I. Howard, A. Fischer, S. Hoogland, J. Clifford, E. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Ultrasensitive solution-cast quantum dot photodetectors,” Nature 442, 180–183 (2006).
[Crossref]

Proc. IEEE (1)

G. Konstantatos and E. H. Sargent, “Solution-processed quantum dot photodetectors,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1666–1683 (2009).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. M. Hill, A. I. Nusir, P. V. Nguyen, O. M. Manasreh, and J. B. Herzog, “Computational electromagnetic analysis of plasmonic effects in interdigital photodetectors,” Proc. SPIE 9163, 91633Q (2014).

Sci. Rep. (1)

Y. Yuan, Q. Dong, B. Yang, F. Guo, Q. Zhang, M. Han, and J. Huang, “Solution-processed nanoparticle super-float-gated organic field-effect transistor as un-cooled ultraviolet and infrared photon counter,” Sci. Rep. 3, 02707 (2013).

Science (1)

M. W. Knight, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Photodetection with active optical antennas,” Science 332, 702–704 (2011).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Schematic of device showing two electrodes (gold) with channels between the interdigital fingers (black). Diagram also shows transverse, E T , and longitudinal, E L , polarizations, as well as the polarization angle, θ ; (b) cross section of device showing Au electrodes with thickness, w , and spacing, d , attached to the semi-insulating GaAs substrate with the Ti layer.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a)  I V characteristics of device with 5 μm electrode spacing under illumination intensity of 100 mW / cm 2 ; (b) detectivity of the device with 5 μm electrode spacing.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Spectral response spectra for transverse polarization as function of electrode spacing, d ; (b) normalized peak from (a) plotted as function of electrode spacing; (c) normalized calculated photocurrent as a function of electrode spacing at 875 nm incident light.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Measured spectral response of a 5 μm device for transverse and longitudinal polarization; (b) calculated optical enhancement near the electrode edge for transverse polarization; (c) calculated optical enhancement near the electrode edge for longitudinal polarization; (d) polarization-dependent normalized spectral response measurements (squares) and normalized photocurrent calculations (circles) with a A cos 2 θ + B fit (line).

Equations (4)

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D *= I P A P opt 2 q I D ,
Φ = E loc 2 ,
G 0 = c n ε 0 2 h v A Λ Φ ,
I P = q w l G 0 τ ( μ n + μ p ) V d ,

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