Abstract

The dynamic characteristics are investigated for a microring laser with an external radius of 12 μm subject to external optical injection. Single-mode operation with a side mode suppression ratio of 33.4 dB is realized at a biasing current of 25 mA and a temperature of 290 K, and the corresponding small-signal modulation response is obtained with a resonance peak frequency of 7.5 GHz. Under the optical injection from a tunable laser, the improvements of the small-signal modulation response induced by four-wave mixing are observed for the microring laser, which shows an additional resonance peak around the frequency of the beat frequency between the lasing mode and the injecting light. Furthermore, optical generation of a microwave signal is realized by the light beating between the lasing mode and the injecting light measured by a high-speed photodetector and a spectrum analyzer.

© 2014 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2014 (3)

2013 (5)

G. J. Schneider, J. A. Murakowski, C. A. Schuetz, S. Y. Shi, and D. W. Prather, “Radiofrequency signal-generation system with over seven octaves of continuous tuning,” Nat. Photonics 7, 118–122 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. M. Lv, Y. Z. Huang, L. X. Zou, H. Long, and Y. Du, “Optimization of direct modulation rate for circular microlasers by adjusting mode Q factor,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 818–829 (2013).

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, J.-L. Xiao, Y.-D. Yang, and Y. Du, “High-speed direct modulation unidirectional emission microring lasers,” Electron. Lett. 49, 1290–1291 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. He, Ş. K. Özdemir, and L. Yang, “Whispering gallery microcavity lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 60–82 (2013).

P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, S. Werquin, K. Vandoorne, N. Olivier, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, G. Roelkens, and G. Morthier, “All-optical low-power 2R regeneration of 10-Gb/s NRZ signals using a III-V on SOI microdisk laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 7802510 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, Q. F. Yao, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Unidirectional-emission single-mode AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 963–965 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

C. H. Chen, K. Takeda, A. Shinya, K. Nozaki, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, M. Notomi, and S. Matsuo, “40-Gb/s directly-modulated photonic crystal lasers under optical injection-locking,” Opt. Express 19, 17669–17676 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. J. R. Heck, H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, Q. F. Yao, and J. D. Lin, “Influence of mode Q factor and absorption loss on dynamical characteristics for semiconductor microcavity lasers by rate equation analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 1519–1525 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

S. J. Wang, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, K. J. Che, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Z. C. Fan, “AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers connected with an output waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1349–1351 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Lee, D. Parekh, T. Shindo, W. J. Yang, P. Guo, D. Takahashi, N. Nishiyama, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and S. Arai, “Bandwidth enhancement of injection-locked distributed reflector lasers with wirelike active regions,” Opt. Express 18, 16370–16378 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

E. K. Lau, L. H. Wong, and M. C. Wu, “Enhanced modulation characteristics of optical injection-locked lasers: a tutorial,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 618–633 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Yang, S. J. Wang, and Y. Z. Huang, “Investigation of mode coupling in a microdisk resonator for realizing directional emission,” Opt. Express 17, 23010–23015 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, B. Li, D. Lu, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “Generation and modulation of tunable mm-wave optical signals using semiconductor ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 733–735 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, G. Yuan, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “All-optical response of semiconductor ring laser to dual-optical injections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 770–772 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2003 (1)

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Microdisk lasers vertically coupled to output waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330–1332 (2003).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

T. Baba, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, M. Kihara, and R. Watanabe, “Lasing characteristics of GaInAsP-InP strained quantum-well microdisk injection lasers with diameter of 2-10  μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 878–880 (1997).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

Arai, S.

Baba, T.

T. Baba, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, M. Kihara, and R. Watanabe, “Lasing characteristics of GaInAsP-InP strained quantum-well microdisk injection lasers with diameter of 2-10  μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 878–880 (1997).
[Crossref]

Baets, R.

Bowers, J. E.

M. J. R. Heck, H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cai, X.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Che, K. J.

S. J. Wang, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, K. J. Che, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Z. C. Fan, “AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers connected with an output waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1349–1351 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. H.

Chen, H. W.

M. J. R. Heck, H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. J.

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Microdisk lasers vertically coupled to output waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330–1332 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Microdisk lasers vertically coupled to output waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330–1332 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dapkus, P. D.

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Microdisk lasers vertically coupled to output waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330–1332 (2003).
[Crossref]

Di Cioccio, L.

Djordjev, K.

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Microdisk lasers vertically coupled to output waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330–1332 (2003).
[Crossref]

Du, Y.

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, Y.-D. Yang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, B.-W. Liu, J.-L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Influences of carrier diffusion and radial mode field pattern on high speed characteristics for microring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 161101 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. W. Ma, X. M. Lv, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Mode characteristics for unidirectional emission microring resonator lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2773–2778 (2014).

X. M. Lv, Y. Z. Huang, L. X. Zou, H. Long, and Y. Du, “Optimization of direct modulation rate for circular microlasers by adjusting mode Q factor,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 818–829 (2013).

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, J.-L. Xiao, Y.-D. Yang, and Y. Du, “High-speed direct modulation unidirectional emission microring lasers,” Electron. Lett. 49, 1290–1291 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, Q. F. Yao, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Unidirectional-emission single-mode AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 963–965 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. J. Wang, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, K. J. Che, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Z. C. Fan, “AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers connected with an output waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1349–1351 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fan, Z. C.

S. J. Wang, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, K. J. Che, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Z. C. Fan, “AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers connected with an output waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1349–1351 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fang, A. W.

M. J. R. Heck, H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fedeli, J. M.

Fedeli, J.-M.

P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, S. Werquin, K. Vandoorne, N. Olivier, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, G. Roelkens, and G. Morthier, “All-optical low-power 2R regeneration of 10-Gb/s NRZ signals using a III-V on SOI microdisk laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 7802510 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fujita, M.

T. Baba, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, M. Kihara, and R. Watanabe, “Lasing characteristics of GaInAsP-InP strained quantum-well microdisk injection lasers with diameter of 2-10  μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 878–880 (1997).
[Crossref]

Guo, P.

He, L.

L. He, Ş. K. Özdemir, and L. Yang, “Whispering gallery microcavity lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 60–82 (2013).

Heck, M. J. R.

M. J. R. Heck, H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. Z.

X. W. Ma, X. M. Lv, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Mode characteristics for unidirectional emission microring resonator lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2773–2778 (2014).

X. M. Lv, Y. Z. Huang, L. X. Zou, H. Long, and Y. Du, “Optimization of direct modulation rate for circular microlasers by adjusting mode Q factor,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 818–829 (2013).

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, Q. F. Yao, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Unidirectional-emission single-mode AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 963–965 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, Q. F. Yao, and J. D. Lin, “Influence of mode Q factor and absorption loss on dynamical characteristics for semiconductor microcavity lasers by rate equation analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 1519–1525 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. J. Wang, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, K. J. Che, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Z. C. Fan, “AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers connected with an output waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1349–1351 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Yang, S. J. Wang, and Y. Z. Huang, “Investigation of mode coupling in a microdisk resonator for realizing directional emission,” Opt. Express 17, 23010–23015 (2009).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.-Z.

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, Y.-D. Yang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, B.-W. Liu, J.-L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Influences of carrier diffusion and radial mode field pattern on high speed characteristics for microring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 161101 (2014).
[Crossref]

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, J.-L. Xiao, Y.-D. Yang, and Y. Du, “High-speed direct modulation unidirectional emission microring lasers,” Electron. Lett. 49, 1290–1291 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kawaguchi, Y.

Kihara, M.

T. Baba, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, M. Kihara, and R. Watanabe, “Lasing characteristics of GaInAsP-InP strained quantum-well microdisk injection lasers with diameter of 2-10  μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 878–880 (1997).
[Crossref]

Koch, B. R.

M. J. R. Heck, H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lagahe, C.

Lau, E. K.

E. K. Lau, L. H. Wong, and M. C. Wu, “Enhanced modulation characteristics of optical injection-locked lasers: a tutorial,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 618–633 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

Levi, A. F. J.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

Li, B.

M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, B. Li, D. Lu, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “Generation and modulation of tunable mm-wave optical signals using semiconductor ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 733–735 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, G. Yuan, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “All-optical response of semiconductor ring laser to dual-optical injections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 770–772 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liang, D.

M. J. R. Heck, H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lin, J. D.

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, Q. F. Yao, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Unidirectional-emission single-mode AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 963–965 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, Q. F. Yao, and J. D. Lin, “Influence of mode Q factor and absorption loss on dynamical characteristics for semiconductor microcavity lasers by rate equation analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 1519–1525 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. J. Wang, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, K. J. Che, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Z. C. Fan, “AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers connected with an output waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1349–1351 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, B.-W.

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, Y.-D. Yang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, B.-W. Liu, J.-L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Influences of carrier diffusion and radial mode field pattern on high speed characteristics for microring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 161101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Logan, R. A.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

Long, H.

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, Y.-D. Yang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, B.-W. Liu, J.-L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Influences of carrier diffusion and radial mode field pattern on high speed characteristics for microring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 161101 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. M. Lv, Y. Z. Huang, L. X. Zou, H. Long, and Y. Du, “Optimization of direct modulation rate for circular microlasers by adjusting mode Q factor,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 818–829 (2013).

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, J.-L. Xiao, Y.-D. Yang, and Y. Du, “High-speed direct modulation unidirectional emission microring lasers,” Electron. Lett. 49, 1290–1291 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lu, D.

M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, B. Li, D. Lu, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “Generation and modulation of tunable mm-wave optical signals using semiconductor ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 733–735 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lv, X. M.

X. W. Ma, X. M. Lv, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Mode characteristics for unidirectional emission microring resonator lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2773–2778 (2014).

X. M. Lv, Y. Z. Huang, L. X. Zou, H. Long, and Y. Du, “Optimization of direct modulation rate for circular microlasers by adjusting mode Q factor,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 818–829 (2013).

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, Q. F. Yao, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Unidirectional-emission single-mode AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 963–965 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, Q. F. Yao, and J. D. Lin, “Influence of mode Q factor and absorption loss on dynamical characteristics for semiconductor microcavity lasers by rate equation analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 1519–1525 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lv, X.-M.

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, Y.-D. Yang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, B.-W. Liu, J.-L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Influences of carrier diffusion and radial mode field pattern on high speed characteristics for microring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 161101 (2014).
[Crossref]

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, J.-L. Xiao, Y.-D. Yang, and Y. Du, “High-speed direct modulation unidirectional emission microring lasers,” Electron. Lett. 49, 1290–1291 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ma, X. W.

Matsuo, S.

McCall, S. L.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

Mechet, P.

P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, S. Werquin, K. Vandoorne, N. Olivier, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, G. Roelkens, and G. Morthier, “All-optical low-power 2R regeneration of 10-Gb/s NRZ signals using a III-V on SOI microdisk laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 7802510 (2013).
[Crossref]

Memon, M. I.

M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, B. Li, D. Lu, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “Generation and modulation of tunable mm-wave optical signals using semiconductor ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 733–735 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, G. Yuan, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “All-optical response of semiconductor ring laser to dual-optical injections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 770–772 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mezosi, G.

M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, B. Li, D. Lu, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “Generation and modulation of tunable mm-wave optical signals using semiconductor ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 733–735 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, G. Yuan, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “All-optical response of semiconductor ring laser to dual-optical injections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 770–772 (2008).
[Crossref]

Morthier, G.

P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, S. Werquin, K. Vandoorne, N. Olivier, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, G. Roelkens, and G. Morthier, “All-optical low-power 2R regeneration of 10-Gb/s NRZ signals using a III-V on SOI microdisk laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 7802510 (2013).
[Crossref]

Murakowski, J. A.

G. J. Schneider, J. A. Murakowski, C. A. Schuetz, S. Y. Shi, and D. W. Prather, “Radiofrequency signal-generation system with over seven octaves of continuous tuning,” Nat. Photonics 7, 118–122 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nishiyama, N.

Notomi, M.

Nozaki, K.

Olivier, N.

P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, S. Werquin, K. Vandoorne, N. Olivier, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, G. Roelkens, and G. Morthier, “All-optical low-power 2R regeneration of 10-Gb/s NRZ signals using a III-V on SOI microdisk laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 7802510 (2013).
[Crossref]

Özdemir, S. K.

L. He, Ş. K. Özdemir, and L. Yang, “Whispering gallery microcavity lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 60–82 (2013).

Parekh, D.

Park, H.

M. J. R. Heck, H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pearton, S. J.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

Prather, D. W.

G. J. Schneider, J. A. Murakowski, C. A. Schuetz, S. Y. Shi, and D. W. Prather, “Radiofrequency signal-generation system with over seven octaves of continuous tuning,” Nat. Photonics 7, 118–122 (2013).
[Crossref]

Regreny, P.

P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, S. Werquin, K. Vandoorne, N. Olivier, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, G. Roelkens, and G. Morthier, “All-optical low-power 2R regeneration of 10-Gb/s NRZ signals using a III-V on SOI microdisk laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 7802510 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, D. Van Thourhout, S. Verstuyft, L. Di Cioccio, J. M. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, and R. Baets, “Electrically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers integrated with a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” Opt. Express 15, 6744–6749 (2007).
[Crossref]

Roelkens, G.

P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, S. Werquin, K. Vandoorne, N. Olivier, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, G. Roelkens, and G. Morthier, “All-optical low-power 2R regeneration of 10-Gb/s NRZ signals using a III-V on SOI microdisk laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 7802510 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

Sakai, A.

T. Baba, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, M. Kihara, and R. Watanabe, “Lasing characteristics of GaInAsP-InP strained quantum-well microdisk injection lasers with diameter of 2-10  μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 878–880 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sato, T.

Schneider, G. J.

G. J. Schneider, J. A. Murakowski, C. A. Schuetz, S. Y. Shi, and D. W. Prather, “Radiofrequency signal-generation system with over seven octaves of continuous tuning,” Nat. Photonics 7, 118–122 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schuetz, C. A.

G. J. Schneider, J. A. Murakowski, C. A. Schuetz, S. Y. Shi, and D. W. Prather, “Radiofrequency signal-generation system with over seven octaves of continuous tuning,” Nat. Photonics 7, 118–122 (2013).
[Crossref]

Seassal, C.

Shi, S. Y.

G. J. Schneider, J. A. Murakowski, C. A. Schuetz, S. Y. Shi, and D. W. Prather, “Radiofrequency signal-generation system with over seven octaves of continuous tuning,” Nat. Photonics 7, 118–122 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shindo, T.

Shinya, A.

Slusher, R. E.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

Sorel, M.

M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, B. Li, D. Lu, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “Generation and modulation of tunable mm-wave optical signals using semiconductor ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 733–735 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, G. Yuan, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “All-optical response of semiconductor ring laser to dual-optical injections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 770–772 (2008).
[Crossref]

Spuesens, T.

P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, S. Werquin, K. Vandoorne, N. Olivier, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, G. Roelkens, and G. Morthier, “All-optical low-power 2R regeneration of 10-Gb/s NRZ signals using a III-V on SOI microdisk laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 7802510 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sysak, M. N.

M. J. R. Heck, H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, D.

Takeda, K.

Van Campenhout, J.

Van Thourhout, D.

P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, S. Werquin, K. Vandoorne, N. Olivier, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, G. Roelkens, and G. Morthier, “All-optical low-power 2R regeneration of 10-Gb/s NRZ signals using a III-V on SOI microdisk laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 7802510 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, D. Van Thourhout, S. Verstuyft, L. Di Cioccio, J. M. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, and R. Baets, “Electrically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers integrated with a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” Opt. Express 15, 6744–6749 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vandoorne, K.

P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, S. Werquin, K. Vandoorne, N. Olivier, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, G. Roelkens, and G. Morthier, “All-optical low-power 2R regeneration of 10-Gb/s NRZ signals using a III-V on SOI microdisk laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 7802510 (2013).
[Crossref]

Verstuyft, S.

Wang, S. J.

S. J. Wang, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, K. J. Che, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Z. C. Fan, “AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers connected with an output waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1349–1351 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Yang, S. J. Wang, and Y. Z. Huang, “Investigation of mode coupling in a microdisk resonator for realizing directional emission,” Opt. Express 17, 23010–23015 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, B. Li, D. Lu, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “Generation and modulation of tunable mm-wave optical signals using semiconductor ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 733–735 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, G. Yuan, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “All-optical response of semiconductor ring laser to dual-optical injections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 770–772 (2008).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, R.

T. Baba, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, M. Kihara, and R. Watanabe, “Lasing characteristics of GaInAsP-InP strained quantum-well microdisk injection lasers with diameter of 2-10  μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 878–880 (1997).
[Crossref]

Werquin, S.

P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, S. Werquin, K. Vandoorne, N. Olivier, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, G. Roelkens, and G. Morthier, “All-optical low-power 2R regeneration of 10-Gb/s NRZ signals using a III-V on SOI microdisk laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 7802510 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wong, L. H.

E. K. Lau, L. H. Wong, and M. C. Wu, “Enhanced modulation characteristics of optical injection-locked lasers: a tutorial,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 618–633 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, M. C.

E. K. Lau, L. H. Wong, and M. C. Wu, “Enhanced modulation characteristics of optical injection-locked lasers: a tutorial,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 618–633 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xiao, J. L.

X. W. Ma, X. M. Lv, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Mode characteristics for unidirectional emission microring resonator lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2773–2778 (2014).

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, Q. F. Yao, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Unidirectional-emission single-mode AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 963–965 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, Q. F. Yao, and J. D. Lin, “Influence of mode Q factor and absorption loss on dynamical characteristics for semiconductor microcavity lasers by rate equation analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 1519–1525 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. J. Wang, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, K. J. Che, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Z. C. Fan, “AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers connected with an output waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1349–1351 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xiao, J.-L.

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, Y.-D. Yang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, B.-W. Liu, J.-L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Influences of carrier diffusion and radial mode field pattern on high speed characteristics for microring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 161101 (2014).
[Crossref]

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, J.-L. Xiao, Y.-D. Yang, and Y. Du, “High-speed direct modulation unidirectional emission microring lasers,” Electron. Lett. 49, 1290–1291 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

L. He, Ş. K. Özdemir, and L. Yang, “Whispering gallery microcavity lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 60–82 (2013).

Yang, W. J.

Yang, Y. D.

X. W. Ma, X. M. Lv, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Mode characteristics for unidirectional emission microring resonator lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2773–2778 (2014).

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, Q. F. Yao, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Unidirectional-emission single-mode AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 963–965 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, Q. F. Yao, and J. D. Lin, “Influence of mode Q factor and absorption loss on dynamical characteristics for semiconductor microcavity lasers by rate equation analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 1519–1525 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. J. Wang, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, K. J. Che, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Z. C. Fan, “AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers connected with an output waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1349–1351 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Yang, S. J. Wang, and Y. Z. Huang, “Investigation of mode coupling in a microdisk resonator for realizing directional emission,” Opt. Express 17, 23010–23015 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.-D.

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, Y.-D. Yang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, B.-W. Liu, J.-L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Influences of carrier diffusion and radial mode field pattern on high speed characteristics for microring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 161101 (2014).
[Crossref]

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, J.-L. Xiao, Y.-D. Yang, and Y. Du, “High-speed direct modulation unidirectional emission microring lasers,” Electron. Lett. 49, 1290–1291 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yao, Q. F.

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, Q. F. Yao, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Unidirectional-emission single-mode AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 963–965 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, Q. F. Yao, and J. D. Lin, “Influence of mode Q factor and absorption loss on dynamical characteristics for semiconductor microcavity lasers by rate equation analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 1519–1525 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yu, S.

N. Zhang, X. Cai, and S. Yu, “Optical generation of tunable and narrow linewidth radio frequency signal based on mutual locking between integrated semiconductor lasers,” Photon. Res. 2, B11–B17 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, B. Li, D. Lu, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “Generation and modulation of tunable mm-wave optical signals using semiconductor ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 733–735 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, G. Yuan, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “All-optical response of semiconductor ring laser to dual-optical injections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 770–772 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yuan, G.

B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, G. Yuan, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “All-optical response of semiconductor ring laser to dual-optical injections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 770–772 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, N.

Zou, L. X.

X. M. Lv, Y. Z. Huang, L. X. Zou, H. Long, and Y. Du, “Optimization of direct modulation rate for circular microlasers by adjusting mode Q factor,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 818–829 (2013).

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, Q. F. Yao, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Unidirectional-emission single-mode AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 963–965 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, Q. F. Yao, and J. D. Lin, “Influence of mode Q factor and absorption loss on dynamical characteristics for semiconductor microcavity lasers by rate equation analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 1519–1525 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zou, L.-X.

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, Y.-D. Yang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, B.-W. Liu, J.-L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Influences of carrier diffusion and radial mode field pattern on high speed characteristics for microring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 161101 (2014).
[Crossref]

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, J.-L. Xiao, Y.-D. Yang, and Y. Du, “High-speed direct modulation unidirectional emission microring lasers,” Electron. Lett. 49, 1290–1291 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, Y.-D. Yang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, B.-W. Liu, J.-L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Influences of carrier diffusion and radial mode field pattern on high speed characteristics for microring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 161101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

X.-M. Lv, Y.-Z. Huang, L.-X. Zou, H. Long, J.-L. Xiao, Y.-D. Yang, and Y. Du, “High-speed direct modulation unidirectional emission microring lasers,” Electron. Lett. 49, 1290–1291 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, Q. F. Yao, and J. D. Lin, “Influence of mode Q factor and absorption loss on dynamical characteristics for semiconductor microcavity lasers by rate equation analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 1519–1525 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. J. R. Heck, H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. K. Lau, L. H. Wong, and M. C. Wu, “Enhanced modulation characteristics of optical injection-locked lasers: a tutorial,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 618–633 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, S. Werquin, K. Vandoorne, N. Olivier, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, G. Roelkens, and G. Morthier, “All-optical low-power 2R regeneration of 10-Gb/s NRZ signals using a III-V on SOI microdisk laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 7802510 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

T. Baba, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, M. Kihara, and R. Watanabe, “Lasing characteristics of GaInAsP-InP strained quantum-well microdisk injection lasers with diameter of 2-10  μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 878–880 (1997).
[Crossref]

S. J. Wang, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, K. J. Che, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Z. C. Fan, “AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers connected with an output waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1349–1351 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. M. Lv, L. X. Zou, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, Q. F. Yao, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Unidirectional-emission single-mode AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 963–965 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Microdisk lasers vertically coupled to output waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330–1332 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, B. Li, D. Lu, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “Generation and modulation of tunable mm-wave optical signals using semiconductor ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 733–735 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, G. Yuan, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “All-optical response of semiconductor ring laser to dual-optical injections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 770–772 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (2)

X. M. Lv, Y. Z. Huang, L. X. Zou, H. Long, and Y. Du, “Optimization of direct modulation rate for circular microlasers by adjusting mode Q factor,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 818–829 (2013).

L. He, Ş. K. Özdemir, and L. Yang, “Whispering gallery microcavity lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 60–82 (2013).

Nat. Photonics (1)

G. J. Schneider, J. A. Murakowski, C. A. Schuetz, S. Y. Shi, and D. W. Prather, “Radiofrequency signal-generation system with over seven octaves of continuous tuning,” Nat. Photonics 7, 118–122 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Photon. Res. (1)

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Field distribution and (b) normalized radial intensity distribution F(r) for a high-Q coupled mode at 1553.2 nm in a microring resonator with a radius of 12 μm, an inner radius of 5 μm, and a 2 μm directly connected output waveguide.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Schematic diagram of the microring laser connected with an output waveguide, and (b) a microscopic picture of a microring laser with a cleaved output waveguide.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Multimode fiber coupled power and the applied voltage versus continuous biasing current and (b) lasing spectrum at a continuous biasing current of 25 mA, for a 12 μm radius microring laser at TEC temperature of 290 K.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Small-signal modulation responses for the 12 μm radius microring laser at biasing currents of 15, 18, 20, and 25 mA and TEC temperature of 290 K.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Schematic diagram of the apparatus used for (a) the small-signal modulation response measurement and (b) the microwave signals generated by optical beam beating, for the microring laser subject to external optical injection.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Lasing spectra and small-signal modulation responses for the microring laser under 1 mW optical injection at biasing current of 25 mA and TEC temperature of 290 K. The wavelength detuning values are 0.142, 0.131, 0.114, and 0.091nm for (a) and (b), and 0.149, 0.120, 0.103, and 0.084 nm for (c) and (d).
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Lasing spectra and small-signal modulation responses for a microring laser under optical injection at the wavelength 1557.2 nm and optical powers of 0.4, 1, and 3 mW, for the microring laser at biasing current of 25 mA and TEC temperature of 290 K. (a) and (b) correspond to negative detuning operation with λI=1557.2nm, while (c) and (d) correspond to positive detuning operation with λI=1557.5nm.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. (a) Additional resonance peak frequencies and (b) the heights of resonance peaks versus detuning wavelength for a microring laser at injection powers of 0.4, 1, and 3 mW, under continuous biasing current of 25 mA and TEC temperature of 290 K.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Microwave signals of the beat signal between the lasing mode and 1 mW injection optical wave for the cases with (a) the positive and (b) the negative detuning wavelengths, respectively, for the microring laser under the continuous biasing current of 25 mA and TEC temperature of 290 K.

Equations (1)

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F(r)=02π|H(r,θ)|2rdθr0R0dr02π|H(r,θ)|2rdθ,

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