Abstract

Mode-locked fiber lasers that can simultaneously generate two asynchronous ultrashort pulse trains could play an attractive role as the alternative light sources for low-complexity dual-comb metrology applications. Although a few multiplexing schemes to realize such lasers have been proposed and demonstrated, here we investigate the lasing characteristics of a passively mode-locked fiber laser with a finite amount of intracavity birefringence. By introducing a section of polarization-maintaining (PM) fiber into the otherwise-non-PM-single-mode cavity, dual asynchronous pulses with nearly orthogonal states of polarization are generated. With a repetition rate difference of hundreds of hertz, the pulses have well-overlapped spectra and show typical features of polarization-locked vector solitons. It is demonstrated that under an anomalous or net normal dispersion regime, either dual vector solitons or dual dissipative vector solitons can be generated, respectively. Such polarization-multiplexed single single-cavity dual-comb lasers could find further uses in various applications in need of simple dual-comb system solutions.

© 2018 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

M.-G. Suh and K. J. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science 359, 884–887 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (6)

N. B. Hébert, J. Genest, J.-D. Deschênes, H. Bergeron, G. Y. Chen, C. Khurmi, and D. G. Lancaster, “Self-corrected chip-based dual-comb spectrometer,” Opt. Express 25, 8168–8179 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q.-F. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Counter-propagating solitons in microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 560–564 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Link, D. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356, 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Hu, T. Mizuguchi, X. Zhao, T. Minamikawa, T. Mizuno, Y. Yang, C. Li, M. Bai, Z. Zheng, and T. Yasui, “Measurement of absolute frequency of continuous-wave terahertz radiation in real time using a free-running, dual-wavelength mode-locked, erbium-doped fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42082 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. E. Akosman and M. Y. Sander, “Dual comb generation from a mode-locked fiber laser with orthogonally polarized interlaced pulses,” Opt. Express 25, 18592–18602 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (6)

2014 (4)

L. C. Sinclair, I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, G. B. Rieker, A. Hati, K. Iwakuni, and N. R. Newbury, “Operation of an optically coherent frequency comb outside the metrology lab,” Opt. Express 22, 6996–7006 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Adaptive real-time dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3375 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, S. M. Cristescu, F. J. Harren, and J. Mandon, “Two-crystal mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator for absorption and dispersion dual-comb spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 39, 3270–3273 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, Y. Liu, G. Hu, and J. Liu, “Dual-wavelength, bidirectional single-wall carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1722–1725 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Akhmediev, N. N.

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 354–365 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Akosman, A. E.

Bai, M.

G. Hu, T. Mizuguchi, X. Zhao, T. Minamikawa, T. Mizuno, Y. Yang, C. Li, M. Bai, Z. Zheng, and T. Yasui, “Measurement of absolute frequency of continuous-wave terahertz radiation in real time using a free-running, dual-wavelength mode-locked, erbium-doped fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42082 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bendahmane, A.

G. Millot, S. Pitois, M. Yan, T. Hovhannisyan, A. Bendahmane, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Frequency-agile dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 10, 27–30 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bergeron, H.

Bergman, K.

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 354–365 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cao, S.

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cardenas, J.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, G. Y.

Chen, H.

Chen, J.

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Coddington, I.

Collings, B. C.

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 354–365 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cristescu, S. M.

Cundiff, S. T.

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 354–365 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Deschênes, J.-D.

Dutt, A.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fang, Z.

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gaeta, A. L.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Genest, J.

Goda, K.

Gong, Z.

Z. Gong, X. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Liu, and Z. Zheng, “Polarization multiplexed, dual-frequency ultrashort pulse generation by a birefringent mode-locked fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2014, paper JTh2A.20.

Guelachvili, G.

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Adaptive real-time dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3375 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hänsch, T. W.

G. Millot, S. Pitois, M. Yan, T. Hovhannisyan, A. Bendahmane, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Frequency-agile dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 10, 27–30 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Adaptive real-time dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3375 (2014).
[Crossref]

Harren, F. J.

Hati, A.

He, M.

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hébert, N. B.

Hongbo, J.

J. Hongbo, Y. Wang, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, “Bidirectional mode-locked soliton fiber laser in 2  μm using CNT saturable absorber,” in Laser Congress (ASSL, LAC), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper JM5A.21.

Hovhannisyan, T.

G. Millot, S. Pitois, M. Yan, T. Hovhannisyan, A. Bendahmane, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Frequency-agile dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 10, 27–30 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hu, G.

G. Hu, T. Mizuguchi, X. Zhao, T. Minamikawa, T. Mizuno, Y. Yang, C. Li, M. Bai, Z. Zheng, and T. Yasui, “Measurement of absolute frequency of continuous-wave terahertz radiation in real time using a free-running, dual-wavelength mode-locked, erbium-doped fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42082 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, G. Hu, B. Zhao, C. Li, Y. Pan, Y. Liu, T. Yasui, and Z. Zheng, “Picometer-resolution dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24, 21833–21845 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, X. Zhao, G. Hu, C. Li, B. Zhao, and Z. Zheng, “Unidirectional, dual-comb lasing under multiple pulse formation mechanisms in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 24, 21392–21398 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, Y. Liu, G. Hu, and J. Liu, “Dual-wavelength, bidirectional single-wall carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1722–1725 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Gong, X. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Liu, and Z. Zheng, “Polarization multiplexed, dual-frequency ultrashort pulse generation by a birefringent mode-locked fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2014, paper JTh2A.20.

Ideguchi, T.

T. Ideguchi, T. Nakamura, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Goda, “Kerr-lens mode-locked bidirectional dual-comb ring laser for broadband dual-comb spectroscopy,” Optica 3, 748–753 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Adaptive real-time dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3375 (2014).
[Crossref]

Iwakuni, K.

Ji, X.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

Jin, Y.

Joshi, C.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

S. Link, D. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356, 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref]

Khurmi, C.

Kieu, K.

S. Mehravar, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, and K. Kieu, “Real-time dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running bidirectionally mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231104 (2016).
[Crossref]

Knox, W. H.

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 354–365 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, Y.

Lancaster, D. G.

Li, C.

G. Hu, T. Mizuguchi, X. Zhao, T. Minamikawa, T. Mizuno, Y. Yang, C. Li, M. Bai, Z. Zheng, and T. Yasui, “Measurement of absolute frequency of continuous-wave terahertz radiation in real time using a free-running, dual-wavelength mode-locked, erbium-doped fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42082 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, G. Hu, B. Zhao, C. Li, Y. Pan, Y. Liu, T. Yasui, and Z. Zheng, “Picometer-resolution dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24, 21833–21845 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, X. Zhao, G. Hu, C. Li, B. Zhao, and Z. Zheng, “Unidirectional, dual-comb lasing under multiple pulse formation mechanisms in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 24, 21392–21398 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lin, B.

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Link, S.

S. Link, D. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356, 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lipson, M.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, Y. Liu, G. Hu, and J. Liu, “Dual-wavelength, bidirectional single-wall carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1722–1725 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, L. Liu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, and J. Liu, “Fast, long-scan-range pump-probe measurement based on asynchronous sampling using a dual-wavelength mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 25584–25589 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Gong, X. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Liu, and Z. Zheng, “Polarization multiplexed, dual-frequency ultrashort pulse generation by a birefringent mode-locked fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2014, paper JTh2A.20.

Liu, L.

Liu, Y.

Luke, K.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Maas, D.

S. Link, D. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356, 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mandon, J.

Mehravar, S.

S. Mehravar, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, and K. Kieu, “Real-time dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running bidirectionally mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231104 (2016).
[Crossref]

Millot, G.

G. Millot, S. Pitois, M. Yan, T. Hovhannisyan, A. Bendahmane, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Frequency-agile dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 10, 27–30 (2016).
[Crossref]

Minamikawa, T.

G. Hu, T. Mizuguchi, X. Zhao, T. Minamikawa, T. Mizuno, Y. Yang, C. Li, M. Bai, Z. Zheng, and T. Yasui, “Measurement of absolute frequency of continuous-wave terahertz radiation in real time using a free-running, dual-wavelength mode-locked, erbium-doped fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42082 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mizuguchi, T.

G. Hu, T. Mizuguchi, X. Zhao, T. Minamikawa, T. Mizuno, Y. Yang, C. Li, M. Bai, Z. Zheng, and T. Yasui, “Measurement of absolute frequency of continuous-wave terahertz radiation in real time using a free-running, dual-wavelength mode-locked, erbium-doped fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42082 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mizuno, T.

G. Hu, T. Mizuguchi, X. Zhao, T. Minamikawa, T. Mizuno, Y. Yang, C. Li, M. Bai, Z. Zheng, and T. Yasui, “Measurement of absolute frequency of continuous-wave terahertz radiation in real time using a free-running, dual-wavelength mode-locked, erbium-doped fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42082 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, T.

Newbury, N.

Newbury, N. R.

Norwood, R. A.

S. Mehravar, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, and K. Kieu, “Real-time dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running bidirectionally mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231104 (2016).
[Crossref]

Okawachi, Y.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Pan, Y.

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, G. Hu, B. Zhao, C. Li, Y. Pan, Y. Liu, T. Yasui, and Z. Zheng, “Picometer-resolution dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24, 21833–21845 (2016).
[Crossref]

Peyghambarian, N.

S. Mehravar, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, and K. Kieu, “Real-time dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running bidirectionally mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231104 (2016).
[Crossref]

Picqué, N.

G. Millot, S. Pitois, M. Yan, T. Hovhannisyan, A. Bendahmane, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Frequency-agile dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 10, 27–30 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Adaptive real-time dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3375 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pitois, S.

G. Millot, S. Pitois, M. Yan, T. Hovhannisyan, A. Bendahmane, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Frequency-agile dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 10, 27–30 (2016).
[Crossref]

Poisson, A.

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Adaptive real-time dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3375 (2014).
[Crossref]

Potvin, S.

Rieker, G. B.

Roy, J.

Sander, M. Y.

Set, S. Y.

J. Hongbo, Y. Wang, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, “Bidirectional mode-locked soliton fiber laser in 2  μm using CNT saturable absorber,” in Laser Congress (ASSL, LAC), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper JM5A.21.

Sinclair, L. C.

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 354–365 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Suh, M.-G.

M.-G. Suh and K. J. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science 359, 884–887 (2018).
[Crossref]

Swann, W.

Swann, W. C.

Tam, H. Y.

Tang, D. Y.

Vahala, K.

Q.-F. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Counter-propagating solitons in microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 560–564 (2017).
[Crossref]

Vahala, K. J.

M.-G. Suh and K. J. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science 359, 884–887 (2018).
[Crossref]

Waldburger, D.

S. Link, D. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356, 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, L. Liu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, and J. Liu, “Fast, long-scan-range pump-probe measurement based on asynchronous sampling using a dual-wavelength mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 25584–25589 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

J. Hongbo, Y. Wang, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, “Bidirectional mode-locked soliton fiber laser in 2  μm using CNT saturable absorber,” in Laser Congress (ASSL, LAC), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper JM5A.21.

Wu, X.

Yamashita, S.

J. Hongbo, Y. Wang, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, “Bidirectional mode-locked soliton fiber laser in 2  μm using CNT saturable absorber,” in Laser Congress (ASSL, LAC), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper JM5A.21.

Yan, M.

G. Millot, S. Pitois, M. Yan, T. Hovhannisyan, A. Bendahmane, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Frequency-agile dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 10, 27–30 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, K. Y.

Q.-F. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Counter-propagating solitons in microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 560–564 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q.-F.

Q.-F. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Counter-propagating solitons in microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 560–564 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

Yang, Y.

G. Hu, T. Mizuguchi, X. Zhao, T. Minamikawa, T. Mizuno, Y. Yang, C. Li, M. Bai, Z. Zheng, and T. Yasui, “Measurement of absolute frequency of continuous-wave terahertz radiation in real time using a free-running, dual-wavelength mode-locked, erbium-doped fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42082 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yasui, T.

G. Hu, T. Mizuguchi, X. Zhao, T. Minamikawa, T. Mizuno, Y. Yang, C. Li, M. Bai, Z. Zheng, and T. Yasui, “Measurement of absolute frequency of continuous-wave terahertz radiation in real time using a free-running, dual-wavelength mode-locked, erbium-doped fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42082 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, G. Hu, B. Zhao, C. Li, Y. Pan, Y. Liu, T. Yasui, and Z. Zheng, “Picometer-resolution dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24, 21833–21845 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yi, X.

Q.-F. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Counter-propagating solitons in microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 560–564 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhao, B.

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, X.

G. Hu, T. Mizuguchi, X. Zhao, T. Minamikawa, T. Mizuno, Y. Yang, C. Li, M. Bai, Z. Zheng, and T. Yasui, “Measurement of absolute frequency of continuous-wave terahertz radiation in real time using a free-running, dual-wavelength mode-locked, erbium-doped fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42082 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, X. Zhao, G. Hu, C. Li, B. Zhao, and Z. Zheng, “Unidirectional, dual-comb lasing under multiple pulse formation mechanisms in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 24, 21392–21398 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, G. Hu, B. Zhao, C. Li, Y. Pan, Y. Liu, T. Yasui, and Z. Zheng, “Picometer-resolution dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24, 21833–21845 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, Y. Liu, G. Hu, and J. Liu, “Dual-wavelength, bidirectional single-wall carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1722–1725 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, L. Liu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, and J. Liu, “Fast, long-scan-range pump-probe measurement based on asynchronous sampling using a dual-wavelength mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 25584–25589 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, L. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Jiang, X. Yang, and J. Zhu, “Switchable, dual-wavelength passively mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser based on a single-wall carbon nanotube modelocker and intracavity loss tuning,” Opt. Express 19, 1168–1173 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Gong, X. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Liu, and Z. Zheng, “Polarization multiplexed, dual-frequency ultrashort pulse generation by a birefringent mode-locked fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2014, paper JTh2A.20.

Zheng, Z.

G. Hu, T. Mizuguchi, X. Zhao, T. Minamikawa, T. Mizuno, Y. Yang, C. Li, M. Bai, Z. Zheng, and T. Yasui, “Measurement of absolute frequency of continuous-wave terahertz radiation in real time using a free-running, dual-wavelength mode-locked, erbium-doped fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42082 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, X. Zhao, G. Hu, C. Li, B. Zhao, and Z. Zheng, “Unidirectional, dual-comb lasing under multiple pulse formation mechanisms in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 24, 21392–21398 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, G. Hu, B. Zhao, C. Li, Y. Pan, Y. Liu, T. Yasui, and Z. Zheng, “Picometer-resolution dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24, 21833–21845 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, Y. Liu, G. Hu, and J. Liu, “Dual-wavelength, bidirectional single-wall carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1722–1725 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, L. Liu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, and J. Liu, “Fast, long-scan-range pump-probe measurement based on asynchronous sampling using a dual-wavelength mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 25584–25589 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, L. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Jiang, X. Yang, and J. Zhu, “Switchable, dual-wavelength passively mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser based on a single-wall carbon nanotube modelocker and intracavity loss tuning,” Opt. Express 19, 1168–1173 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Gong, X. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Liu, and Z. Zheng, “Polarization multiplexed, dual-frequency ultrashort pulse generation by a birefringent mode-locked fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2014, paper JTh2A.20.

Zhu, J.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Mehravar, R. A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, and K. Kieu, “Real-time dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running bidirectionally mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231104 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

B. Lin, X. Zhao, M. He, Y. Pan, J. Chen, S. Cao, Y. Lin, Q. Wang, Z. Zheng, and Z. Fang, “Dual-comb absolute distance measurement based on a dual-wavelength passively mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7106508 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, Y. Liu, G. Hu, and J. Liu, “Dual-wavelength, bidirectional single-wall carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1722–1725 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Commun. (1)

T. Ideguchi, A. Poisson, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Adaptive real-time dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3375 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

G. Millot, S. Pitois, M. Yan, T. Hovhannisyan, A. Bendahmane, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Frequency-agile dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 10, 27–30 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q.-F. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Counter-propagating solitons in microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 560–564 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (10)

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, L. Liu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, and J. Liu, “Fast, long-scan-range pump-probe measurement based on asynchronous sampling using a dual-wavelength mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 25584–25589 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, X. Zhao, G. Hu, C. Li, B. Zhao, and Z. Zheng, “Unidirectional, dual-comb lasing under multiple pulse formation mechanisms in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 24, 21392–21398 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, Z. Zheng, L. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Jiang, X. Yang, and J. Zhu, “Switchable, dual-wavelength passively mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser based on a single-wall carbon nanotube modelocker and intracavity loss tuning,” Opt. Express 19, 1168–1173 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. B. Hébert, J. Genest, J.-D. Deschênes, H. Bergeron, G. Y. Chen, C. Khurmi, and D. G. Lancaster, “Self-corrected chip-based dual-comb spectrometer,” Opt. Express 25, 8168–8179 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. C. Sinclair, I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, G. B. Rieker, A. Hati, K. Iwakuni, and N. R. Newbury, “Operation of an optically coherent frequency comb outside the metrology lab,” Opt. Express 22, 6996–7006 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Roy, J.-D. Deschênes, S. Potvin, and J. Genest, “Continuous real-time correction and averaging for frequency comb interferometry,” Opt. Express 20, 21932–21939 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Polarization rotation locking of vector solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 16, 10053–10058 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, X. Wu, and H. Y. Tam, “Dissipative vector solitons in a dispersion-managed cavity fiber laser with net positive cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express 17, 455–460 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. E. Akosman and M. Y. Sander, “Dual comb generation from a mode-locked fiber laser with orthogonally polarized interlaced pulses,” Opt. Express 25, 18592–18602 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhao, G. Hu, B. Zhao, C. Li, Y. Pan, Y. Liu, T. Yasui, and Z. Zheng, “Picometer-resolution dual-comb spectroscopy with a free-running fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24, 21833–21845 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optica (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sci. Adv. (1)

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

G. Hu, T. Mizuguchi, X. Zhao, T. Minamikawa, T. Mizuno, Y. Yang, C. Li, M. Bai, Z. Zheng, and T. Yasui, “Measurement of absolute frequency of continuous-wave terahertz radiation in real time using a free-running, dual-wavelength mode-locked, erbium-doped fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42082 (2017).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

M.-G. Suh and K. J. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science 359, 884–887 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Link, D. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356, 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

J. Hongbo, Y. Wang, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, “Bidirectional mode-locked soliton fiber laser in 2  μm using CNT saturable absorber,” in Laser Congress (ASSL, LAC), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper JM5A.21.

Z. Gong, X. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Liu, and Z. Zheng, “Polarization multiplexed, dual-frequency ultrashort pulse generation by a birefringent mode-locked fiber laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2014, paper JTh2A.20.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of the polarization-multiplexed, dual-comb fiber laser.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Oscilloscope trace, (b) optical spectra, (c) RF spectra, (d) oscilloscope traces of two polarizations, and (e) AC traces, of the dual pulses when the laser operates at the DVS state.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) RF spectra and (b) optical spectra when the repetition rate difference is varied.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Monitored repetition rates and their difference of the laser output.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Optical spectra, (b) RF spectra, (c) oscilloscope traces, and (d) AC traces (after compression) of the pulses at the DDVS state.

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