Abstract

Polarization manipulation is essential in developing cutting-edge photonic devices ranging from optical communication displays to solar energy harvesting. Most previous works for efficient polarization control cannot avoid utilizing metallic components that inevitably suffer from large ohmic loss and thus low operational efficiency. Replacing metallic components with Mie resonance-based dielectric resonators will largely suppress the ohmic loss toward high-efficiency metamaterial devices. Here, we propose an efficient approach for broadband, high-quality polarization rotation operating in transmission mode with all-dielectric metamaterials in the terahertz regime. By separating the orthogonal polarization components in space, we obtain rotated output waves with a conversion efficiency of 67.5%. The proposed polarization manipulation strategy shows impressive robustness and flexibility in designing metadevices of both linear- and circular-polarization incidences.

© 2018 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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  1. N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  3. L. Cong, W. Cao, Z. Tian, J. Gu, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating polarization states of terahertz radiation using metamaterials,” New J. Phys. 14, 115013 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  4. L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  5. Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High-performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 5428–5434 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. B. Glybovski, S. A. Tretyakov, P. A. Belov, Y. S. Kivshar, and C. R. Simovski, “Metasurfaces: from microwaves to visible,” Phys. Rep. 634, 1–72 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  7. Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, H. Cheng, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, H.-T. Chen, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Single-layer plasmonic metasurface half-wave plates with wavelength-independent polarization conversion angle,” ACS Photon. 4, 2061–2069 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  8. L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Highly flexible broadband terahertz metamaterial quarter-wave plate,” Laser Photon. Rev. 8, 626–632 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 937–943 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14, 1394–1399 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  12. P. C. Wu, W. Y. Tsai, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, T. Y. Chen, J. W. Chen, C. Y. Liao, C. H. Chu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Versatile polarization generation with an aluminum plasmonic metasurface,” Nano Lett. 17, 445–452 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  13. J. Park, J. H. Kang, S. J. Kim, X. Liu, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dynamic reflection phase and polarization control in metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 17, 407–413 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  14. L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2, e70 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband plasmonic half-wave plates in reflection,” Opt. Lett. 38, 513–515 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  16. F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: a supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9, 4111–4119 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  17. Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 704–710 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  19. S.-C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y.-S. Hu, Y.-H. Hu, G.-B. Ma, R.-W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the polarization state of light with a dispersion-free metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  20. K. Song, Y. Liu, C. Luo, and X. Zhao, “High-efficiency broadband and multiband cross-polarization conversion using chiral metamaterial,” J. Phys. D 47, 505104 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  21. S. Kruk, B. Hopkins, I. I. Kravchenko, A. Miroshnichenko, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Invited article: broadband highly efficient dielectric metadevices for polarization control,” APL Photon. 1, 030801 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  22. Y. Liu, X. Ling, X. Yi, X. Zhou, S. Chen, Y. Ke, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Photonic spin Hall effect in dielectric metasurfaces with rotational symmetry breaking,” Opt. Lett. 40, 756–759 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  23. I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, and I. Brener, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  24. P. Spinelli, M. A. Verschuuren, and A. Polman, “Broadband omnidirectional antireflection coating based on subwavelength surface Mie resonators,” Nat. Commun. 3, 692 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  25. M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens’ surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  26. J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097402 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  27. L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12, 5750–5755 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  28. X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alu, “Ultrathin Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27, 1195–1200 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  29. M. Kang, J. Chen, X.-L. Wang, and H.-T. Wang, “Twisted vector field from an inhomogeneous and anisotropic metamaterial,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 572–576 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  30. Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6763–6766 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  31. F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12, 1702–1706 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  32. N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  33. Y. Yu, A. Zhu, R. Paniagua-Domínguez, Y. Fu, B. Luk’yanchuk, and A. Kuznetsov, “High-transmission dielectric metasurface with 2π phase control at visible wavelengths,” Laser Photon. Rev. 9, 412–418 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2017 (2)

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, H. Cheng, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, H.-T. Chen, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Single-layer plasmonic metasurface half-wave plates with wavelength-independent polarization conversion angle,” ACS Photon. 4, 2061–2069 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. C. Wu, W. Y. Tsai, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, T. Y. Chen, J. W. Chen, C. Y. Liao, C. H. Chu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Versatile polarization generation with an aluminum plasmonic metasurface,” Nano Lett. 17, 445–452 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

J. Park, J. H. Kang, S. J. Kim, X. Liu, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dynamic reflection phase and polarization control in metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 17, 407–413 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. B. Glybovski, S. A. Tretyakov, P. A. Belov, Y. S. Kivshar, and C. R. Simovski, “Metasurfaces: from microwaves to visible,” Phys. Rep. 634, 1–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Kruk, B. Hopkins, I. I. Kravchenko, A. Miroshnichenko, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Invited article: broadband highly efficient dielectric metadevices for polarization control,” APL Photon. 1, 030801 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (8)

Y. Liu, X. Ling, X. Yi, X. Zhou, S. Chen, Y. Ke, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Photonic spin Hall effect in dielectric metasurfaces with rotational symmetry breaking,” Opt. Lett. 40, 756–759 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens’ surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alu, “Ultrathin Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27, 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, A. Zhu, R. Paniagua-Domínguez, Y. Fu, B. Luk’yanchuk, and A. Kuznetsov, “High-transmission dielectric metasurface with 2π phase control at visible wavelengths,” Laser Photon. Rev. 9, 412–418 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High-performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: a supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9, 4111–4119 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14, 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Highly flexible broadband terahertz metamaterial quarter-wave plate,” Laser Photon. Rev. 8, 626–632 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6763–6766 (2014).
[Crossref]

S.-C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y.-S. Hu, Y.-H. Hu, G.-B. Ma, R.-W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the polarization state of light with a dispersion-free metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Song, Y. Liu, C. Luo, and X. Zhao, “High-efficiency broadband and multiband cross-polarization conversion using chiral metamaterial,” J. Phys. D 47, 505104 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, and I. Brener, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2, e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband plasmonic half-wave plates in reflection,” Opt. Lett. 38, 513–515 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (7)

L. Cong, W. Cao, Z. Tian, J. Gu, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating polarization states of terahertz radiation using metamaterials,” New J. Phys. 14, 115013 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Spinelli, M. A. Verschuuren, and A. Polman, “Broadband omnidirectional antireflection coating based on subwavelength surface Mie resonators,” Nat. Commun. 3, 692 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097402 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12, 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12, 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Kang, J. Chen, X.-L. Wang, and H.-T. Wang, “Twisted vector field from an inhomogeneous and anisotropic metamaterial,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 572–576 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[Crossref]

Aieta, F.

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12, 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Alu, A.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alu, “Ultrathin Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27, 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref]

Arbabi, A.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref]

Azad, A. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bagheri, M.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bai, B.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2, e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12, 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref]

Basilio, L. I.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097402 (2012).
[Crossref]

Belov, P. A.

S. B. Glybovski, S. A. Tretyakov, P. A. Belov, Y. S. Kivshar, and C. R. Simovski, “Metasurfaces: from microwaves to visible,” Phys. Rep. 634, 1–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

Brener, I.

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens’ surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, and I. Brener, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097402 (2012).
[Crossref]

Briggs, D. P.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14, 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brongersma, M. L.

J. Park, J. H. Kang, S. J. Kim, X. Liu, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dynamic reflection phase and polarization control in metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 17, 407–413 (2016).
[Crossref]

Burokur, S. N.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alu, “Ultrathin Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27, 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cao, W.

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, Z. Tian, J. Gu, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating polarization states of terahertz radiation using metamaterials,” New J. Phys. 14, 115013 (2012).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12, 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chan, C. T.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.-T.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, H. Cheng, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, H.-T. Chen, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Single-layer plasmonic metasurface half-wave plates with wavelength-independent polarization conversion angle,” ACS Photon. 4, 2061–2069 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

Chen, J. W.

P. C. Wu, W. Y. Tsai, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, T. Y. Chen, J. W. Chen, C. Y. Liao, C. H. Chu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Versatile polarization generation with an aluminum plasmonic metasurface,” Nano Lett. 17, 445–452 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

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[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High-performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 704–710 (2015).
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Y. Liu, X. Ling, X. Yi, X. Zhou, S. Chen, Y. Ke, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Photonic spin Hall effect in dielectric metasurfaces with rotational symmetry breaking,” Opt. Lett. 40, 756–759 (2015).
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Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6763–6766 (2014).
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Chen, T. Y.

P. C. Wu, W. Y. Tsai, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, T. Y. Chen, J. W. Chen, C. Y. Liao, C. H. Chu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Versatile polarization generation with an aluminum plasmonic metasurface,” Nano Lett. 17, 445–452 (2017).
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P. C. Wu, W. Y. Tsai, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, T. Y. Chen, J. W. Chen, C. Y. Liao, C. H. Chu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Versatile polarization generation with an aluminum plasmonic metasurface,” Nano Lett. 17, 445–452 (2017).
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Chen, X.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2, e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12, 5750–5755 (2012).
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Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, H. Cheng, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, H.-T. Chen, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Single-layer plasmonic metasurface half-wave plates with wavelength-independent polarization conversion angle,” ACS Photon. 4, 2061–2069 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High-performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6763–6766 (2014).
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N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
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J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097402 (2012).
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L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Highly flexible broadband terahertz metamaterial quarter-wave plate,” Laser Photon. Rev. 8, 626–632 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
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L. Cong, W. Cao, Z. Tian, J. Gu, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating polarization states of terahertz radiation using metamaterials,” New J. Phys. 14, 115013 (2012).
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N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
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M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens’ surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
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I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, and I. Brener, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
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Ding, F.

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: a supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9, 4111–4119 (2015).
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X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alu, “Ultrathin Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27, 1195–1200 (2015).
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M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens’ surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, and I. Brener, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
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Falkner, M.

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens’ surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
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A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 937–943 (2015).
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I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, and I. Brener, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fu, Y.

Y. Yu, A. Zhu, R. Paniagua-Domínguez, Y. Fu, B. Luk’yanchuk, and A. Kuznetsov, “High-transmission dielectric metasurface with 2π phase control at visible wavelengths,” Laser Photon. Rev. 9, 412–418 (2015).
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F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12, 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
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Gao, D.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alu, “Ultrathin Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27, 1195–1200 (2015).
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F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12, 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

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J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097402 (2012).
[Crossref]

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S. B. Glybovski, S. A. Tretyakov, P. A. Belov, Y. S. Kivshar, and C. R. Simovski, “Metasurfaces: from microwaves to visible,” Phys. Rep. 634, 1–72 (2016).
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I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, and I. Brener, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Grady, N. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gu, C.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, H. Cheng, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, H.-T. Chen, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Single-layer plasmonic metasurface half-wave plates with wavelength-independent polarization conversion angle,” ACS Photon. 4, 2061–2069 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High-performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gu, J.

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Highly flexible broadband terahertz metamaterial quarter-wave plate,” Laser Photon. Rev. 8, 626–632 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, Z. Tian, J. Gu, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating polarization states of terahertz radiation using metamaterials,” New J. Phys. 14, 115013 (2012).
[Crossref]

Han, J.

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Highly flexible broadband terahertz metamaterial quarter-wave plate,” Laser Photon. Rev. 8, 626–632 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, Z. Tian, J. Gu, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating polarization states of terahertz radiation using metamaterials,” New J. Phys. 14, 115013 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hao, J.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[Crossref]

He, S.

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: a supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9, 4111–4119 (2015).
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N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

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J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097402 (2012).
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Hopkins, B.

S. Kruk, B. Hopkins, I. I. Kravchenko, A. Miroshnichenko, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Invited article: broadband highly efficient dielectric metadevices for polarization control,” APL Photon. 1, 030801 (2016).
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Horie, Y.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 937–943 (2015).
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S.-C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y.-S. Hu, Y.-H. Hu, G.-B. Ma, R.-W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the polarization state of light with a dispersion-free metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).
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S.-C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y.-S. Hu, Y.-H. Hu, G.-B. Ma, R.-W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the polarization state of light with a dispersion-free metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).
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Huang, L.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2, e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12, 5750–5755 (2012).
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P. C. Wu, W. Y. Tsai, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, T. Y. Chen, J. W. Chen, C. Y. Liao, C. H. Chu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Versatile polarization generation with an aluminum plasmonic metasurface,” Nano Lett. 17, 445–452 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ihlefeld, J. F.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097402 (2012).
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Jiang, S.-C.

S.-C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y.-S. Hu, Y.-H. Hu, G.-B. Ma, R.-W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the polarization state of light with a dispersion-free metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).
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Jiang, T.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
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Jiang, Z. H.

Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
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Jin, G.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2, e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12, 5750–5755 (2012).
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Kang, J. H.

J. Park, J. H. Kang, S. J. Kim, X. Liu, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dynamic reflection phase and polarization control in metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 17, 407–413 (2016).
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Kang, M.

Kats, M. A.

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12, 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ke, Y.

Kildishev, A. V.

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: a supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9, 4111–4119 (2015).
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J. Park, J. H. Kang, S. J. Kim, X. Liu, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dynamic reflection phase and polarization control in metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 17, 407–413 (2016).
[Crossref]

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S. B. Glybovski, S. A. Tretyakov, P. A. Belov, Y. S. Kivshar, and C. R. Simovski, “Metasurfaces: from microwaves to visible,” Phys. Rep. 634, 1–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Kruk, B. Hopkins, I. I. Kravchenko, A. Miroshnichenko, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Invited article: broadband highly efficient dielectric metadevices for polarization control,” APL Photon. 1, 030801 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens’ surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kong, J. A.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[Crossref]

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Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14, 1394–1399 (2014).
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S. Kruk, B. Hopkins, I. I. Kravchenko, A. Miroshnichenko, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Invited article: broadband highly efficient dielectric metadevices for polarization control,” APL Photon. 1, 030801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kruk, S.

S. Kruk, B. Hopkins, I. I. Kravchenko, A. Miroshnichenko, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Invited article: broadband highly efficient dielectric metadevices for polarization control,” APL Photon. 1, 030801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kuznetsov, A.

Y. Yu, A. Zhu, R. Paniagua-Domínguez, Y. Fu, B. Luk’yanchuk, and A. Kuznetsov, “High-transmission dielectric metasurface with 2π phase control at visible wavelengths,” Laser Photon. Rev. 9, 412–418 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12, 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, H. Cheng, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, H.-T. Chen, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Single-layer plasmonic metasurface half-wave plates with wavelength-independent polarization conversion angle,” ACS Photon. 4, 2061–2069 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High-performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High-performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6763–6766 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, H. Cheng, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, H.-T. Chen, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Single-layer plasmonic metasurface half-wave plates with wavelength-independent polarization conversion angle,” ACS Photon. 4, 2061–2069 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High-performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6763–6766 (2014).
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Liao, C. Y.

P. C. Wu, W. Y. Tsai, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, T. Y. Chen, J. W. Chen, C. Y. Liao, C. H. Chu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Versatile polarization generation with an aluminum plasmonic metasurface,” Nano Lett. 17, 445–452 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lin, L.

Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
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Ling, X.

Liu, S.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, and I. Brener, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, H. Cheng, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, H.-T. Chen, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Single-layer plasmonic metasurface half-wave plates with wavelength-independent polarization conversion angle,” ACS Photon. 4, 2061–2069 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High-performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6763–6766 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

J. Park, J. H. Kang, S. J. Kim, X. Liu, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dynamic reflection phase and polarization control in metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 17, 407–413 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, X. Ling, X. Yi, X. Zhou, S. Chen, Y. Ke, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Photonic spin Hall effect in dielectric metasurfaces with rotational symmetry breaking,” Opt. Lett. 40, 756–759 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Song, Y. Liu, C. Luo, and X. Zhao, “High-efficiency broadband and multiband cross-polarization conversion using chiral metamaterial,” J. Phys. D 47, 505104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, H. Cheng, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, H.-T. Chen, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Single-layer plasmonic metasurface half-wave plates with wavelength-independent polarization conversion angle,” ACS Photon. 4, 2061–2069 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, H. Cheng, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, H.-T. Chen, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Single-layer plasmonic metasurface half-wave plates with wavelength-independent polarization conversion angle,” ACS Photon. 4, 2061–2069 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High-performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High-performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6763–6766 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luk, T. S.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, and I. Brener, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Luk’yanchuk, B.

Y. Yu, A. Zhu, R. Paniagua-Domínguez, Y. Fu, B. Luk’yanchuk, and A. Kuznetsov, “High-transmission dielectric metasurface with 2π phase control at visible wavelengths,” Laser Photon. Rev. 9, 412–418 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, C.

K. Song, Y. Liu, C. Luo, and X. Zhao, “High-efficiency broadband and multiband cross-polarization conversion using chiral metamaterial,” J. Phys. D 47, 505104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luo, H.

Ma, D.

Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ma, G.-B.

S.-C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y.-S. Hu, Y.-H. Hu, G.-B. Ma, R.-W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the polarization state of light with a dispersion-free metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mayer, T. S.

Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
[Crossref]

Miroshnichenko, A.

S. Kruk, B. Hopkins, I. I. Kravchenko, A. Miroshnichenko, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Invited article: broadband highly efficient dielectric metadevices for polarization control,” APL Photon. 1, 030801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, and I. Brener, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Moitra, P.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14, 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Monticone, F.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alu, “Ultrathin Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27, 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref]

Muhlenbernd, H.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12, 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref]

Neshev, D. N.

S. Kruk, B. Hopkins, I. I. Kravchenko, A. Miroshnichenko, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Invited article: broadband highly efficient dielectric metadevices for polarization control,” APL Photon. 1, 030801 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens’ surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, and I. Brener, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nielsen, M. G.

Paniagua-Domínguez, R.

Y. Yu, A. Zhu, R. Paniagua-Domínguez, Y. Fu, B. Luk’yanchuk, and A. Kuznetsov, “High-transmission dielectric metasurface with 2π phase control at visible wavelengths,” Laser Photon. Rev. 9, 412–418 (2015).
[Crossref]

Park, J.

J. Park, J. H. Kang, S. J. Kim, X. Liu, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dynamic reflection phase and polarization control in metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 17, 407–413 (2016).
[Crossref]

Peng, R.-W.

S.-C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y.-S. Hu, Y.-H. Hu, G.-B. Ma, R.-W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the polarization state of light with a dispersion-free metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pertsch, T.

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens’ surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

Peters, D. W.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097402 (2012).
[Crossref]

Polman, A.

P. Spinelli, M. A. Verschuuren, and A. Polman, “Broadband omnidirectional antireflection coating based on subwavelength surface Mie resonators,” Nat. Commun. 3, 692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pors, A.

Qiu, C. W.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alu, “Ultrathin Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27, 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ran, L.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[Crossref]

Reiten, M. T.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shalaev, V. M.

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: a supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9, 4111–4119 (2015).
[Crossref]

Simovski, C. R.

S. B. Glybovski, S. A. Tretyakov, P. A. Belov, Y. S. Kivshar, and C. R. Simovski, “Metasurfaces: from microwaves to visible,” Phys. Rep. 634, 1–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sinclair, M. B.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097402 (2012).
[Crossref]

Singh, R.

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Highly flexible broadband terahertz metamaterial quarter-wave plate,” Laser Photon. Rev. 8, 626–632 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Song, K.

K. Song, Y. Liu, C. Luo, and X. Zhao, “High-efficiency broadband and multiband cross-polarization conversion using chiral metamaterial,” J. Phys. D 47, 505104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Spinelli, P.

P. Spinelli, M. A. Verschuuren, and A. Polman, “Broadband omnidirectional antireflection coating based on subwavelength surface Mie resonators,” Nat. Commun. 3, 692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Staude, I.

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens’ surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, and I. Brener, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Stevens, J. O.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097402 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sun, C.

S.-C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y.-S. Hu, Y.-H. Hu, G.-B. Ma, R.-W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the polarization state of light with a dispersion-free metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, G.

P. C. Wu, W. Y. Tsai, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, T. Y. Chen, J. W. Chen, C. Y. Liao, C. H. Chu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Versatile polarization generation with an aluminum plasmonic metasurface,” Nano Lett. 17, 445–452 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tan, Q.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2, e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12, 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tang, C.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, H. Cheng, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, H.-T. Chen, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Single-layer plasmonic metasurface half-wave plates with wavelength-independent polarization conversion angle,” ACS Photon. 4, 2061–2069 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High-performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tetienne, J.-P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tian, J.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, H. Cheng, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, H.-T. Chen, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Single-layer plasmonic metasurface half-wave plates with wavelength-independent polarization conversion angle,” ACS Photon. 4, 2061–2069 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High-performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6763–6766 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tian, Z.

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, W. Cao, Z. Tian, J. Gu, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating polarization states of terahertz radiation using metamaterials,” New J. Phys. 14, 115013 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tretyakov, S. A.

S. B. Glybovski, S. A. Tretyakov, P. A. Belov, Y. S. Kivshar, and C. R. Simovski, “Metasurfaces: from microwaves to visible,” Phys. Rep. 634, 1–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tsai, D. P.

P. C. Wu, W. Y. Tsai, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, T. Y. Chen, J. W. Chen, C. Y. Liao, C. H. Chu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Versatile polarization generation with an aluminum plasmonic metasurface,” Nano Lett. 17, 445–452 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tsai, W. Y.

P. C. Wu, W. Y. Tsai, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, T. Y. Chen, J. W. Chen, C. Y. Liao, C. H. Chu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Versatile polarization generation with an aluminum plasmonic metasurface,” Nano Lett. 17, 445–452 (2017).
[Crossref]

Valentine, J.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14, 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Verschuuren, M. A.

P. Spinelli, M. A. Verschuuren, and A. Polman, “Broadband omnidirectional antireflection coating based on subwavelength surface Mie resonators,” Nat. Commun. 3, 692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.-T.

Wang, M.

S.-C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y.-S. Hu, Y.-H. Hu, G.-B. Ma, R.-W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the polarization state of light with a dispersion-free metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14, 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.-L.

Wang, Z.

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: a supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9, 4111–4119 (2015).
[Crossref]

Warne, L. K.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097402 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

Wendt, J. R.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 097402 (2012).
[Crossref]

Werner, D. H.

Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, P. C.

P. C. Wu, W. Y. Tsai, W. T. Chen, Y. W. Huang, T. Y. Chen, J. W. Chen, C. Y. Liao, C. H. Chu, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Versatile polarization generation with an aluminum plasmonic metasurface,” Nano Lett. 17, 445–452 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, Q.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alu, “Ultrathin Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27, 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xia, J.

Xiong, X.

S.-C. Jiang, X. Xiong, Y.-S. Hu, Y.-H. Hu, G.-B. Ma, R.-W. Peng, C. Sun, and M. Wang, “Controlling the polarization state of light with a dispersion-free metastructure,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021026 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, N.

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Highly flexible broadband terahertz metamaterial quarter-wave plate,” Laser Photon. Rev. 8, 626–632 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14, 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yi, X.

Yu, N.

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12, 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yu, P.

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High-performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6763–6766 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

Y. Yu, A. Zhu, R. Paniagua-Domínguez, Y. Fu, B. Luk’yanchuk, and A. Kuznetsov, “High-transmission dielectric metasurface with 2π phase control at visible wavelengths,” Laser Photon. Rev. 9, 412–418 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 063908 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yun, S.

Z. H. Jiang, L. Lin, D. Ma, S. Yun, D. H. Werner, Z. Liu, and T. S. Mayer, “Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7511 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Y.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zentgraf, T.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2, e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12, 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, K.

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X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alu, “Ultrathin Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27, 1195–1200 (2015).
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Zhang, S.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2, e70 (2013).
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L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Muhlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12, 5750–5755 (2012).
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Zhang, W.

L. Cong, N. Xu, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Highly flexible broadband terahertz metamaterial quarter-wave plate,” Laser Photon. Rev. 8, 626–632 (2014).
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L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
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L. Cong, W. Cao, Z. Tian, J. Gu, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating polarization states of terahertz radiation using metamaterials,” New J. Phys. 14, 115013 (2012).
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Zhang, X.

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
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K. Song, Y. Liu, C. Luo, and X. Zhao, “High-efficiency broadband and multiband cross-polarization conversion using chiral metamaterial,” J. Phys. D 47, 505104 (2014).
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J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 704–710 (2015).
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Adv. Mater. (1)

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alu, “Ultrathin Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27, 1195–1200 (2015).
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M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens’ surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
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APL Photon. (1)

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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. Cong, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, J. Gu, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “A perfect metamaterial polarization rotator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 171107 (2013).
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K. Song, Y. Liu, C. Luo, and X. Zhao, “High-efficiency broadband and multiband cross-polarization conversion using chiral metamaterial,” J. Phys. D 47, 505104 (2014).
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Y. Yu, A. Zhu, R. Paniagua-Domínguez, Y. Fu, B. Luk’yanchuk, and A. Kuznetsov, “High-transmission dielectric metasurface with 2π phase control at visible wavelengths,” Laser Photon. Rev. 9, 412–418 (2015).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2, e70 (2013).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Conceptual description of the metasurface based on two identical dielectric antennas to manipulate the polarization of the terahertz wave. α and β represent the orientations of two dielectric antennas (marked by the orange arrows), and γ is the effective optical axis orientation from the superposition of two antennas (marked by the navy arrow). (b) Schematic illustration of the two silicon antennas with geometrical parameters W=45  μm, L=180  μm, H=200  μm, and period P=375  μm. (c),(d) Schematic diagrams for high-quality polarization generation. Without introducing the phase gradient, both the x-polarized and y-polarized light propagates in the normal direction forming dispersive polarization states within the frequency range of interest. The phase gradient enables spatial separation of the two orthogonal polarization components, giving rise to pure linearly polarized components within a broad frequency range.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a)–(c) Optical images of the ultrabroadband dielectric metasurface rotators S1, S2, and S3. The red arrows denote the optical axis of rotators. (d)–(f) Simulated electric field distributions of the output y-polarization component through rotator S3 at 0.6, 0.73, and 1.0 THz, respectively, with the x-polarized incidence. (g)–(i) Corresponding diffraction angles at 0.6, 0.73, and 1.0 THz.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a)–(c) Measured cross-polarized transmission spectra of the three rotators S1–S3 versus the deflection angle. White dashed lines represent the theoretically calculated deflection angles. (d)–(f) Corresponding measured transmission spectra of the copolarized component.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Quality analysis of the output polarization state of rotator S3 with the copolarized incidence. The navy line is obtained from theoretical calculation, and measured values are represented by the red circle dots. (b) Measured cross-polarization efficiencies of S1, S2, and S3.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Measured transmission spectra of S3 under the circular polarization incidence. (b),(c) Measured cross-polarized and copolarized transmission spectra of sample S4 versus the deflection angle, respectively. (d),(e) Corresponding measured transmission spectra of S5. Insets are the optical image of rotators S4 and S5, and the red arrows denote the optical axis of the rotators.

Equations (6)

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Jα=[cos2αeiϕ1+sin2αeiϕ2sinαcosα(eiϕ1eiϕ2)sinαcosα(eiϕ1eiϕ2)cos2αeiϕ2+sin2αeiϕ1],
Jall=Jα+Jβ=[eiϕ1+eiϕ22sin(2η2Δ)(eiϕ1eiϕ2)2sin(2η2Δ)(eiϕ1eiϕ2)2eiϕ1+eiϕ22].
Eout=J·Ein=2/2[eiϕ1+eiϕ21/2(eiϕ1eiϕ2)ei(π/2)(ei2ηei2Δei2ηei2Δ)].
Eout=[02ei(ϕ1π/2)(ei2ηei2Δei2ηei2Δ)]T,
Eout=2/2(eiϕ1+eiϕ2)[cosθsinθ]+2/2(ei2Δ+ei2Δ)(eiϕ1eiϕ2)[cos(2ηθ)sin(2ηθ)].
Eout=eiϕ1(ei2σα+ei2σβ)[1σi]T,

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