Abstract

In this paper, we review our recent work on thermo-optic all-optical devices based on two-dimensional (2D) materials. The unique properties of 2D materials enable fast and highly efficient thermo-optic control of light. A few all-optical devices are demonstrated based on various thermo-optic mechanisms. Both fiber and integrated devices will be shown.

© 2018 Chinese Laser Press

Full Article  |  PDF Article

Corrections

26 September 2018: A typographical correction was made to the title.


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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  38. T.-C. Wei, H.-P. Wang, H.-J. Liu, D.-S. Tsai, J.-J. Ke, C.-L. Wu, Y.-P. Yin, Q. Zhan, G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Chu, and J.-H. He, “Photostriction of strontium ruthenate,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15018 (2017).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  40. Y. F. Wang, K. Wu, and J. P. Chen, “All-optical modulator based on MoS2-PVA thin film,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16, 020003 (2018).
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    [Crossref]
  42. G.-R. Lin, S.-P. Su, C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, B.-J. Huang, H.-Y. Wang, C.-T. Tsai, C.-I. Wu, and Y.-C. Chi, “Si-rich SiNx based Kerr switch enables optical data conversion up to 12  Gbit/s,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9611 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  43. S.-P. Su, C.-L. Wu, C.-H. Cheng, B.-J. Huang, H.-Y. Wang, C.-T. Tsai, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, M.-H. Shih, C.-K. Lee, and G.-R. Lin, “Nonstoichiometric SiC bus/ring waveguide based all-optical data format follower and inverter,” ACS Photon. 3, 806–818 (2016).
    [Crossref]

2018 (5)

K.-J. Peng, C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, H.-Y. Wang, C.-H. Cheng, Y.-C. Chi, and G.-R. Lin, “Saturated evanescent-wave absorption of few-layer graphene-covered side-polished single-mode fiber for all-optical switching,” Nanophotonics 7, 207–215 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-optical phosphorene phase modulator with enhanced stability under ambient conditions,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800016 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1870013 (2018).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Wei, S. Mokkapati, T.-Y. Li, C.-H. Lin, G.-R. Lin, C. Jagadish, and J.-H. He, “Nonlinear absorption applications of CH3NH3PbBr3 perovskite crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28, 1707175 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Wang, K. Wu, and J. P. Chen, “All-optical modulator based on MoS2-PVA thin film,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16, 020003 (2018).

2017 (8)

C. Y. Qiu, Y. X. Yang, C. Li, Y. F. Wang, K. Wu, and J. P. Chen, “All-optical control of light on a graphene-on-silicon nitride chip using thermo-optic effect,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7 (2017).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Wei, H.-P. Wang, H.-J. Liu, D.-S. Tsai, J.-J. Ke, C.-L. Wu, Y.-P. Yin, Q. Zhan, G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Chu, and J.-H. He, “Photostriction of strontium ruthenate,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15018 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Wu, C. S. Guo, H. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, J. Wang, and J. P. Chen, “All-optical phase shifter and switch near 1550  nm using tungsten disulfide (WS2) deposited tapered fiber,” Opt. Express 25, 17639–17649 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black phosphorus based all-optical-signal-processing: toward high performances and enhanced stability,” ACS Photon. 4, 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. I. Jhon, J. Koo, B. Anasori, M. Seo, J. H. Lee, Y. Gogotsi, and Y. M. Jhon, “Metallic MXene saturable absorber for femtosecond mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1702496 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. J. Liu, L. H. Pang, H. N. Han, K. Bi, M. Lei, and Z. Y. Wei, “Tungsten disulphide for ultrashort pulse generation in all-fiber lasers,” Nanoscale 9, 5806–5811 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Yan, X. Zhu, L. H. Frandsen, S. Xiao, N. A. Mortensen, J. Dong, and Y. Ding, “Slow-light-enhanced energy efficiency for graphene microheaters on silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14411 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Gao, W. Zhou, X. Sun, H. K. Tsang, and C. Shu, “Cavity-enhanced thermo-optic bistability and hysteresis in a graphene-on-Si3N4 ring resonator,” Opt. Lett. 42, 1950–1953 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

L. Yu, Y. Yin, Y. Shi, D. Dai, and S. He, “Thermally tunable silicon photonic microdisk resonator with transparent graphene nanoheaters,” Optica 3, 159–166 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Yu, X. Wu, K. Chen, B. Chen, X. Guo, D. Dai, L. Tong, W. Liu, and Y. R. Shen, “All-optical graphene modulator based on optical Kerr phase shift,” Optica 3, 541–544 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Gan, C. Zhao, L. Fang, D. Mao, Y. Xu, F. Zhang, T. Xi, L. Ren, and J. Zhao, “All-optical control of microfiber resonator by graphene’s photothermal effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 171905 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Q. Huang, M. L. Wang, C. Chen, Z. W. Ma, X. F. Li, J. B. Han, and Y. Q. Wu, “Broadband black-phosphorus photodetectors with high responsivity,” Adv. Mater. 28, 3481–3485 (2016).
[Crossref]

S.-P. Su, C.-L. Wu, C.-H. Cheng, B.-J. Huang, H.-Y. Wang, C.-T. Tsai, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, M.-H. Shih, C.-K. Lee, and G.-R. Lin, “Nonstoichiometric SiC bus/ring waveguide based all-optical data format follower and inverter,” ACS Photon. 3, 806–818 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (12)

G.-R. Lin, S.-P. Su, C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, B.-J. Huang, H.-Y. Wang, C.-T. Tsai, C.-I. Wu, and Y.-C. Chi, “Si-rich SiNx based Kerr switch enables optical data conversion up to 12  Gbit/s,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9611 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23, 20030–20039 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 051108 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Youngblood, C. Chen, S. J. Koester, and M. Li, “Waveguide-integrated black phosphorus photodetector with high responsivity and low dark current,” Nat. Photonics 9, 247–252 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Wu, X. Y. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Li, and J. P. Chen, “WS2 as a saturable absorber for ultrafast photonic applications of mode-locked and Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Express 23, 11453–11461 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, R. C. T. Howe, R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, F. Torrisi, G. H. Hu, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, and T. Hasan, “Solution processed MoS2-PVA composite for sub-bandgap mode-locking of a wideband tunable ultrafast Er:fiber laser,” Nano Res. 8, 1522–1534 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, K. Wu, H. Wang, J. Wang, and J. P. Chen, “Q-switched fiber laser based on transition metal dichalcogenides MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2,” Opt. Express 23, 26723–26737 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, S. Kajiyama, H. Iinuma, E. Hosono, S. Oro, I. Moriguchi, M. Okubo, and A. Yamada, “Pseudocapacitance of MXene nanosheets for high-power sodium-ion hybrid capacitors,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6544 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. T. Gan, C. Y. Zhao, Y. D. Wang, D. Mao, L. Fang, L. Han, and J. L. Zhao, “Graphene-assisted all-fiber phase shifter and switching,” Optica 2, 468–471 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. G. Yan, R. Y. Lin, S. C. Ruan, A. J. Liu, H. Chen, Y. Q. Zheng, S. F. Chen, C. Y. Guo, and J. G. Hu, “A practical topological insulator saturable absorber for mode-locked fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8690 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y.-H. Lin, S.-F. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, C.-L. Wu, C.-H. Cheng, W.-H. Tseng, J.-H. He, C.-I. Wu, C.-K. Lee, and G.-R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photon. 2, 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

Y.-H. Lin, C.-Y. Yang, S.-F. Lin, W.-H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C.-I. Wu, and G.-R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li, B. G. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Y. Li, Z. F. Hu, Y. X. Xu, L. M. Tong, H. Q. Wang, W. T. Liu, J. M. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14, 955–959 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2),” Opt. Express 22, 31113–31122 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2  GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38, 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Naguib, J. Come, B. Dyatkin, V. Presser, P.-L. Taberna, P. Simon, M. W. Barsoum, and Y. Gogotsi, “MXene: a promising transition metal carbide anode for lithium-ion batteries,” Electrochem. Commun. 16, 61–64 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

M. Liu, X. B. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. S. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474, 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. M. Huang, H. Y. Xu, C. C. Ye, and Z. P. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3709–3711 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

F. N. Xia, T. Mueller, Y. M. Lin, A. Valdes-Garcia, and P. Avouris, “Ultrafast graphene photodetector,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4, 839–843 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

D. A. Dikin, S. Stankovich, E. J. Zimney, R. D. Piner, G. H. B. Dommett, G. Evmenenko, S. T. Nguyen, and R. S. Ruoff, “Preparation and characterization of graphene oxide paper,” Nature 448, 457–460 (2007).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 051108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Anasori, B.

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S.-P. Su, C.-L. Wu, C.-H. Cheng, B.-J. Huang, H.-Y. Wang, C.-T. Tsai, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, M.-H. Shih, C.-K. Lee, and G.-R. Lin, “Nonstoichiometric SiC bus/ring waveguide based all-optical data format follower and inverter,” ACS Photon. 3, 806–818 (2016).
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D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
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M. Q. Huang, M. L. Wang, C. Chen, Z. W. Ma, X. F. Li, J. B. Han, and Y. Q. Wu, “Broadband black-phosphorus photodetectors with high responsivity,” Adv. Mater. 28, 3481–3485 (2016).
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P. G. Yan, R. Y. Lin, S. C. Ruan, A. J. Liu, H. Chen, Y. Q. Zheng, S. F. Chen, C. Y. Guo, and J. G. Hu, “A practical topological insulator saturable absorber for mode-locked fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8690 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yan, S.

S. Yan, X. Zhu, L. H. Frandsen, S. Xiao, N. A. Mortensen, J. Dong, and Y. Ding, “Slow-light-enhanced energy efficiency for graphene microheaters on silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14411 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.-Y.

Y.-H. Lin, C.-Y. Yang, S.-F. Lin, W.-H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C.-I. Wu, and G.-R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y. X.

C. Y. Qiu, Y. X. Yang, C. Li, Y. F. Wang, K. Wu, and J. P. Chen, “All-optical control of light on a graphene-on-silicon nitride chip using thermo-optic effect,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black phosphorus based all-optical-signal-processing: toward high performances and enhanced stability,” ACS Photon. 4, 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ye, C. C.

Yin, X. B.

M. Liu, X. B. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. S. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474, 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yin, Y.

Yin, Y.-P.

T.-C. Wei, H.-P. Wang, H.-J. Liu, D.-S. Tsai, J.-J. Ke, C.-L. Wu, Y.-P. Yin, Q. Zhan, G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Chu, and J.-H. He, “Photostriction of strontium ruthenate,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15018 (2017).
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Youngblood, N.

N. Youngblood, C. Chen, S. J. Koester, and M. Li, “Waveguide-integrated black phosphorus photodetector with high responsivity and low dark current,” Nat. Photonics 9, 247–252 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, L.

Yu, S.

Yu, X. F.

Zentgraf, T.

M. Liu, X. B. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. S. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474, 64–67 (2011).
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T.-C. Wei, H.-P. Wang, H.-J. Liu, D.-S. Tsai, J.-J. Ke, C.-L. Wu, Y.-P. Yin, Q. Zhan, G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Chu, and J.-H. He, “Photostriction of strontium ruthenate,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15018 (2017).
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Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-optical phosphorene phase modulator with enhanced stability under ambient conditions,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800016 (2018).
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Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-optical phosphorene phase modulator with enhanced stability under ambient conditions,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800016 (2018).
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Y. Wang, X. Gan, C. Zhao, L. Fang, D. Mao, Y. Xu, F. Zhang, T. Xi, L. Ren, and J. Zhao, “All-optical control of microfiber resonator by graphene’s photothermal effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 171905 (2016).
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Zhang, H.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1870013 (2018).
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Y. Wang, F. Zhang, X. Tang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, W. Huang, Z. Liang, L. Wu, Y. Ge, Y. Song, J. Liu, D. Zhang, J. Li, and H. Zhang, “All-optical phosphorene phase modulator with enhanced stability under ambient conditions,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800016 (2018).
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J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black phosphorus based all-optical-signal-processing: toward high performances and enhanced stability,” ACS Photon. 4, 1466–1476 (2017).
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Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23, 20030–20039 (2015).
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Zhang, M.

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black phosphorus based all-optical-signal-processing: toward high performances and enhanced stability,” ACS Photon. 4, 1466–1476 (2017).
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M. Zhang, R. C. T. Howe, R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, F. Torrisi, G. H. Hu, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, and T. Hasan, “Solution processed MoS2-PVA composite for sub-bandgap mode-locking of a wideband tunable ultrafast Er:fiber laser,” Nano Res. 8, 1522–1534 (2015).
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Zhang, W. D.

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

M. Liu, X. B. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. S. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474, 64–67 (2011).
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Zhang, X. Y.

Zhang, Y.

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black phosphorus based all-optical-signal-processing: toward high performances and enhanced stability,” ACS Photon. 4, 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

Y. Wang, X. Gan, C. Zhao, L. Fang, D. Mao, Y. Xu, F. Zhang, T. Xi, L. Ren, and J. Zhao, “All-optical control of microfiber resonator by graphene’s photothermal effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 171905 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, C. Y.

Zhao, J.

Y. Wang, X. Gan, C. Zhao, L. Fang, D. Mao, Y. Xu, F. Zhang, T. Xi, L. Ren, and J. Zhao, “All-optical control of microfiber resonator by graphene’s photothermal effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 171905 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J. L.

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. T. Gan, C. Y. Zhao, Y. D. Wang, D. Mao, L. Fang, L. Han, and J. L. Zhao, “Graphene-assisted all-fiber phase shifter and switching,” Optica 2, 468–471 (2015).
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Zhao, Q. Z.

K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zheng, J.

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black phosphorus based all-optical-signal-processing: toward high performances and enhanced stability,” ACS Photon. 4, 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

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Zheng, Y. Q.

P. G. Yan, R. Y. Lin, S. C. Ruan, A. J. Liu, H. Chen, Y. Q. Zheng, S. F. Chen, C. Y. Guo, and J. G. Hu, “A practical topological insulator saturable absorber for mode-locked fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8690 (2015).
[Crossref]

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Zhou, W.

Zhu, X.

S. Yan, X. Zhu, L. H. Frandsen, S. Xiao, N. A. Mortensen, J. Dong, and Y. Ding, “Slow-light-enhanced energy efficiency for graphene microheaters on silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14411 (2017).
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D. A. Dikin, S. Stankovich, E. J. Zimney, R. D. Piner, G. H. B. Dommett, G. Evmenenko, S. T. Nguyen, and R. S. Ruoff, “Preparation and characterization of graphene oxide paper,” Nature 448, 457–460 (2007).
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Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
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K. P. Wang, J. Wang, J. T. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Y. Feng, X. Y. Zhang, B. X. Jiang, Q. Z. Zhao, H. Z. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7, 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref]

ACS Photon. (3)

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black phosphorus based all-optical-signal-processing: toward high performances and enhanced stability,” ACS Photon. 4, 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y.-H. Lin, S.-F. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, C.-L. Wu, C.-H. Cheng, W.-H. Tseng, J.-H. He, C.-I. Wu, C.-K. Lee, and G.-R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photon. 2, 481–490 (2015).
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S.-P. Su, C.-L. Wu, C.-H. Cheng, B.-J. Huang, H.-Y. Wang, C.-T. Tsai, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, M.-H. Shih, C.-K. Lee, and G.-R. Lin, “Nonstoichiometric SiC bus/ring waveguide based all-optical data format follower and inverter,” ACS Photon. 3, 806–818 (2016).
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Adv. Mater. (2)

Y. I. Jhon, J. Koo, B. Anasori, M. Seo, J. H. Lee, Y. Gogotsi, and Y. M. Jhon, “Metallic MXene saturable absorber for femtosecond mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Mater. 29, 1702496 (2017).
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M. Q. Huang, M. L. Wang, C. Chen, Z. W. Ma, X. F. Li, J. B. Han, and Y. Q. Wu, “Broadband black-phosphorus photodetectors with high responsivity,” Adv. Mater. 28, 3481–3485 (2016).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 051108 (2015).
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Y. Wang, X. Gan, C. Zhao, L. Fang, D. Mao, Y. Xu, F. Zhang, T. Xi, L. Ren, and J. Zhao, “All-optical control of microfiber resonator by graphene’s photothermal effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 171905 (2016).
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X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1870013 (2018).
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Y.-H. Lin, C.-Y. Yang, S.-F. Lin, W.-H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C.-I. Wu, and G.-R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055107 (2014).
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W. Li, B. G. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Y. Li, Z. F. Hu, Y. X. Xu, L. M. Tong, H. Q. Wang, W. T. Liu, J. M. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14, 955–959 (2014).
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Nano Res. (1)

M. Zhang, R. C. T. Howe, R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, F. Torrisi, G. H. Hu, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, and T. Hasan, “Solution processed MoS2-PVA composite for sub-bandgap mode-locking of a wideband tunable ultrafast Er:fiber laser,” Nano Res. 8, 1522–1534 (2015).
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Nanophotonics (1)

K.-J. Peng, C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, H.-Y. Wang, C.-H. Cheng, Y.-C. Chi, and G.-R. Lin, “Saturated evanescent-wave absorption of few-layer graphene-covered side-polished single-mode fiber for all-optical switching,” Nanophotonics 7, 207–215 (2018).
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F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 611–622 (2010).
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Nature (2)

M. Liu, X. B. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. S. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474, 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. A. Dikin, S. Stankovich, E. J. Zimney, R. D. Piner, G. H. B. Dommett, G. Evmenenko, S. T. Nguyen, and R. S. Ruoff, “Preparation and characterization of graphene oxide paper,” Nature 448, 457–460 (2007).
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Opt. Lett. (3)

Optica (3)

Sci. Rep. (4)

P. G. Yan, R. Y. Lin, S. C. Ruan, A. J. Liu, H. Chen, Y. Q. Zheng, S. F. Chen, C. Y. Guo, and J. G. Hu, “A practical topological insulator saturable absorber for mode-locked fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8690 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, Y. D. Wang, C. J. Ma, L. Han, B. Q. Jiang, X. T. Gan, S. J. Hua, W. D. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. L. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Qiu, Y. X. Yang, C. Li, Y. F. Wang, K. Wu, and J. P. Chen, “All-optical control of light on a graphene-on-silicon nitride chip using thermo-optic effect,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7 (2017).
[Crossref]

G.-R. Lin, S.-P. Su, C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, B.-J. Huang, H.-Y. Wang, C.-T. Tsai, C.-I. Wu, and Y.-C. Chi, “Si-rich SiNx based Kerr switch enables optical data conversion up to 12  Gbit/s,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9611 (2015).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) All-optical phase shifter and switch based on WS 2 -deposited tapered fiber. (b) TEM image of WS 2 nanosheets. (c) Microscopic image of WS 2 -deposited tapered fiber. (d) Raman spectrum of WS 2 -deposited tapered fiber. Adapted with permission from Ref. [39].
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Transmission spectra of the MZI with 0 (blue) and 5 π phase shift (red). (b) Relation between the phase shift and the control light power. (c) Pulsed control light (yellow) and switch output at output 1 port (blue). (d) Complementary output at output 2 port. Adapted with permission from Ref. [39].
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Refractive index of WS 2 from ellipsometric measurement and (b) refractive index change at different temperatures. Adapted with permission from Ref. [39].
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) All-optical switch based on polarization interferometer and MoS 2 -PVA thin film. (b)  MoS 2 -PVA thin film. (c) Device principle. Adapted with permission from Ref. [40].
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Pulsed control light (yellow) and output signal (blue). (b) A zoomed view of a single off–on–off transition of the output pulse (blue) and exponential fit (red). (c) A long-term stable output pulse train. Adapted with permission from Ref. [40].
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) All-optical switch based on a graphene-on- Si 3 N 4 device. (b) Device structure. (c) SEM image of device. (d) Device principle. Adapted with permission from Ref. [41].
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Experimental (black) and simulation (red) results of an output signal pulse. Inset: temperature change of the device. Adapted with permission from Ref. [41].
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. (a) Mode distribution in a single-mode fiber. Relation between (b) index change and core index change, and (c) index change and cladding index change.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparison of Reported Works of Thermo-Optic All-Optical Switches Based on 2D Materials

Metrics