Abstract

Employing a single-pixel digital holographic recording technique called optical scanning holography (OSH), we accomplish the formidable task of sectioning with edge extraction in three-dimensional (3D) optical incoherent imaging. OSH is a special variant of generalized two-pupil heterodyning image processing, where one of the pupils used is a delta function with the other being a uniform function. In this study, we investigate the use of an annular pupil and a random-phase pupil for edge extraction during sectioning of a 3-D object. Novel simulation results indicate excellent edge extraction of a multi-section object with good sectioning capability, i.e., with each focused edge-extracted section out-of-focused haze has been eliminated.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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Corrections

20 March 2020: A typographical correction was made to the author affiliations.


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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  34. T.-C. Poon and T. Kim, Ch. 4, Acousto-Optics, Optical Engineering with MATLAB, 2nd ed., World Scientific, 2018.
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  38. X. Yang, W. Jia, D. Wu, and T.-C. Poon, “On the difference between single- and double-sided bandpass filtering of spatial frequencies,” Opt. Commun. 384, 71–77 (2017).
    [Crossref]

2019 (2)

R. D. Wang, Y. P. Zhang, F. Wang, X. F. Zhu, C. G. Li, Y. A. Zhang, and W. Xu, “Edge extraction based on optical scanning holography system with annular pupils,” Chin. J. Lasers 46, 0109001 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, T.-C. Poon, P. W. M. Tsang, R. Wang, and L. Wang, “Review on feature extraction for 3-D incoherent image processing using optical scanning holography,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf. 15(11), 6146–6154 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (1)

J.-P. Liu, T. Tahara, Y. Hayasaki, and T.-C. Poon, “Incoherent digital holography: a review,” Appl. Sci. 8(1), 143 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

X. Yang, W. Jia, D. Wu, and T.-C. Poon, “On the difference between single- and double-sided bandpass filtering of spatial frequencies,” Opt. Commun. 384, 71–77 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Yan, Y. Wei, Z. Hu, J. Zhang, P. W. M. Tsang, and T.-C. Poon, “Optical cryptography with biometrics for multi-depth objects,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12933 (2017).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

C.-J. Xiao, X. Zhou, J.-P. Hu, J. Xie, Y. Wang, and X. F. Guo, “A theoretical investigation into the 3D point spread situation of a scanning holographic imaging system based on random phase encoding,” Opt. Laser Technol. 50, 20–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (4)

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2003 (1)

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

1995 (3)

T.-C. Poon, K. Doh, G. Indebetouw, B. W. Schilling, M. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng. 34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
[Crossref]

R. A. Athale, J. van der Gracht, D. W. Prather, and J. N. Mait, “Incoherent optical image processing with acousto-optic pupil-plane filtering,” Appl. Opt. 34(2), 276–280 (1995).
[Crossref]

B. W. Schilling and T.-C. Poon, “Real-time preprocessing of holographic information,” Opt. Eng. 34(11), 3174–3180 (1995).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

G. Indebetouw and T.-C. Poon, “Novel Approaches of incoherent Image Processing with Emphasis on Scanning Methods,” Opt. Eng. 31(10), 2159–2167 (1992).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

C. Ozkul, D. Allano, and M. Trinite, “Filtering effects in far-field in-line holography,” Opt. Eng. 25(10), 2830–2835 (1986).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

T.-C. Poon, “Scanning holography and two-dimensional image processing by acousto-optic two-pupil synthesis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 2(4), 521–527 (1985).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

G. Molesini, D. Bertani, and M. Cetca, “In-line holography with interference filters as Fourier processors,” Opt. Acta 29(4), 479–484 (1982).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

1978 (2)

1974 (1)

1970 (2)

Allano, D.

C. Ozkul, D. Allano, and M. Trinite, “Filtering effects in far-field in-line holography,” Opt. Eng. 25(10), 2830–2835 (1986).
[Crossref]

Athale, R. A.

Bertani, D.

G. Molesini, D. Bertani, and M. Cetca, “In-line holography with interference filters as Fourier processors,” Opt. Acta 29(4), 479–484 (1982).
[Crossref]

Brady, D. J.

Breckinridge, B.

Bryngdahl, O.

Cetca, M.

G. Molesini, D. Bertani, and M. Cetca, “In-line holography with interference filters as Fourier processors,” Opt. Acta 29(4), 479–484 (1982).
[Crossref]

Cheng, K. W. K.

Choi, K.

Dobson, K.

Doh, K.

T.-C. Poon, T. Kim, and K. Doh, “Optical scanning cryptography for secure wireless transmission,” Appl. Opt. 42(32), 6496–6503 (2003).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon, K. Doh, G. Indebetouw, B. W. Schilling, M. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng. 34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
[Crossref]

Doh, K. B.

Guo, X. F.

C.-J. Xiao, X. Zhou, J.-P. Hu, J. Xie, Y. Wang, and X. F. Guo, “A theoretical investigation into the 3D point spread situation of a scanning holographic imaging system based on random phase encoding,” Opt. Laser Technol. 50, 20–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hayasaki, Y.

J.-P. Liu, T. Tahara, Y. Hayasaki, and T.-C. Poon, “Incoherent digital holography: a review,” Appl. Sci. 8(1), 143 (2018).
[Crossref]

Horisaki, R.

Hu, J.-P.

C.-J. Xiao, X. Zhou, J.-P. Hu, J. Xie, Y. Wang, and X. F. Guo, “A theoretical investigation into the 3D point spread situation of a scanning holographic imaging system based on random phase encoding,” Opt. Laser Technol. 50, 20–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hu, Z.

A. Yan, Y. Wei, Z. Hu, J. Zhang, P. W. M. Tsang, and T.-C. Poon, “Optical cryptography with biometrics for multi-depth objects,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12933 (2017).
[Crossref]

Indebetouw, G.

E. Y. Lam, X. Zhang, H. Vo, T.-C. Poon, and G. Indebetouw, “Three-dimensional microscopy and sectional image reconstruction using optical scanning holography,” Appl. Opt. 48(34), H113–H119 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. W. Schilling, T.-C. Poon, G. Indebetouw, B. Storrie, K. Shinoda, Y. Suzuki, and M. H. Wu, “Three-dimensional holographic fluorescence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 22(19), 1506–1508 (1997).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon, K. Doh, G. Indebetouw, B. W. Schilling, M. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng. 34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
[Crossref]

G. Indebetouw and T.-C. Poon, “Novel Approaches of incoherent Image Processing with Emphasis on Scanning Methods,” Opt. Eng. 31(10), 2159–2167 (1992).
[Crossref]

Jia, W.

X. Yang, W. Jia, D. Wu, and T.-C. Poon, “On the difference between single- and double-sided bandpass filtering of spatial frequencies,” Opt. Commun. 384, 71–77 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Pan, W. Jia, J. Yu, K. Dobson, C. Zhou, Y. Wang, and T.-C. Poon, “Edge extraction using a time-varying vortex beam in incoherent digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4176–4179 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

Kim, T.

Kim, Y. S.

Korpel, A.

Lam, E. Y.

Lee, B.

Li, C. G.

R. D. Wang, Y. P. Zhang, F. Wang, X. F. Zhu, C. G. Li, Y. A. Zhang, and W. Xu, “Edge extraction based on optical scanning holography system with annular pupils,” Chin. J. Lasers 46, 0109001 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lim, S.

Liu, J.-P.

J.-P. Liu, T. Tahara, Y. Hayasaki, and T.-C. Poon, “Incoherent digital holography: a review,” Appl. Sci. 8(1), 143 (2018).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon and J.-P. Liu, Introduction to Modern Digital Holography with MATLAB, Cambridge University Press (2014).

Lohmann, A.

Lohmann, W.

Mait, J. N.

Marks, D. l. L.

Min, S.-W.

Molesini, G.

G. Molesini, D. Bertani, and M. Cetca, “In-line holography with interference filters as Fourier processors,” Opt. Acta 29(4), 479–484 (1982).
[Crossref]

Ozkul, C.

C. Ozkul, D. Allano, and M. Trinite, “Filtering effects in far-field in-line holography,” Opt. Eng. 25(10), 2830–2835 (1986).
[Crossref]

Pan, Y.

Poon, T.-C.

Y. Zhang, T.-C. Poon, P. W. M. Tsang, R. Wang, and L. Wang, “Review on feature extraction for 3-D incoherent image processing using optical scanning holography,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf. 15(11), 6146–6154 (2019).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Liu, T. Tahara, Y. Hayasaki, and T.-C. Poon, “Incoherent digital holography: a review,” Appl. Sci. 8(1), 143 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Yang, W. Jia, D. Wu, and T.-C. Poon, “On the difference between single- and double-sided bandpass filtering of spatial frequencies,” Opt. Commun. 384, 71–77 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Yan, Y. Wei, Z. Hu, J. Zhang, P. W. M. Tsang, and T.-C. Poon, “Optical cryptography with biometrics for multi-depth objects,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12933 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Pan, W. Jia, J. Yu, K. Dobson, C. Zhou, Y. Wang, and T.-C. Poon, “Edge extraction using a time-varying vortex beam in incoherent digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4176–4179 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. W. M. Tsang, K. W. K. Cheng, T. Kim, Y. S. Kim, and T.-C. Poon, “Fast reconstruction of sectional images in digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 36(14), 2650–2652 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Xin, K. Dobson, Y. Shinoda, and T.-C. Poon, “Sectional image reconstruction in optical scanning holography using a random-phase pupil,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2934–2936 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, E. Y. Lam, T. Kim, Y. S. Kim, and T.-C. Poon, “Blind Sectional Image Reconstruction for Optical Scanning Holography,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3098–3100 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Y. Lam, X. Zhang, H. Vo, T.-C. Poon, and G. Indebetouw, “Three-dimensional microscopy and sectional image reconstruction using optical scanning holography,” Appl. Opt. 48(34), H113–H119 (2009).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon, “Optical scanning holography - a review of recent progress,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13(4), 406–415 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Kim, S.-W. Min, B. Lee, and T.-C. Poon, “Optical sectioning for optical scanning holography using phase-space filtering with Wigner distribution functions,” Appl. Opt. 47(19), D164–D175 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, E. Y. Lam, and T.-C. Poon, “Reconstruction of sectional images in holography using inverse imaging,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17215–17226 (2008).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon and K. B. Doh, “On the theory of optical Hilbert transform for incoherent objects,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3006–3011 (2007).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon, T. Kim, and K. Doh, “Optical scanning cryptography for secure wireless transmission,” Appl. Opt. 42(32), 6496–6503 (2003).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon and T. Kim, “Optical image recognition of three-dimensional objects,” Appl. Opt. 38(2), 370–381 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. W. Schilling, T.-C. Poon, G. Indebetouw, B. Storrie, K. Shinoda, Y. Suzuki, and M. H. Wu, “Three-dimensional holographic fluorescence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 22(19), 1506–1508 (1997).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon, K. Doh, G. Indebetouw, B. W. Schilling, M. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng. 34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
[Crossref]

B. W. Schilling and T.-C. Poon, “Real-time preprocessing of holographic information,” Opt. Eng. 34(11), 3174–3180 (1995).
[Crossref]

G. Indebetouw and T.-C. Poon, “Novel Approaches of incoherent Image Processing with Emphasis on Scanning Methods,” Opt. Eng. 31(10), 2159–2167 (1992).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon, “Scanning holography and two-dimensional image processing by acousto-optic two-pupil synthesis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 2(4), 521–527 (1985).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon and A. Korpel, “Optical transfer function of an acousto-optic heterodyning image processor,” Opt. Lett. 4(10), 317–319 (1979).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon and J.-P. Liu, Introduction to Modern Digital Holography with MATLAB, Cambridge University Press (2014).

R. Wang, Y. Zhang, T.-C. Poon, and P. Tsang, “Edge extraction of multi-section objects in optical scanning holography,” in 2019 The 28th IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, paper VD-005576.

Y. Zhang, R. Wang, L. Wang, P. Tsang, and T.-C. Poon, “Annular pupil in optical scanning holography,” in 2019 OSA Topical Meeting on Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, Paper W1A.5.

T.-C. Poon and T. Kim, Ch. 4, Acousto-Optics, Optical Engineering with MATLAB, 2nd ed., World Scientific, 2018.

Prather, D. W.

Rhodes, W. T.

Schilling, B. W.

B. W. Schilling, T.-C. Poon, G. Indebetouw, B. Storrie, K. Shinoda, Y. Suzuki, and M. H. Wu, “Three-dimensional holographic fluorescence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 22(19), 1506–1508 (1997).
[Crossref]

B. W. Schilling and T.-C. Poon, “Real-time preprocessing of holographic information,” Opt. Eng. 34(11), 3174–3180 (1995).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon, K. Doh, G. Indebetouw, B. W. Schilling, M. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng. 34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
[Crossref]

Shinoda, K.

B. W. Schilling, T.-C. Poon, G. Indebetouw, B. Storrie, K. Shinoda, Y. Suzuki, and M. H. Wu, “Three-dimensional holographic fluorescence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 22(19), 1506–1508 (1997).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon, K. Doh, G. Indebetouw, B. W. Schilling, M. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng. 34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
[Crossref]

Shinoda, Y.

Stoner, W.

Storrie, B.

Suzuki, Y.

B. W. Schilling, T.-C. Poon, G. Indebetouw, B. Storrie, K. Shinoda, Y. Suzuki, and M. H. Wu, “Three-dimensional holographic fluorescence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 22(19), 1506–1508 (1997).
[Crossref]

T.-C. Poon, K. Doh, G. Indebetouw, B. W. Schilling, M. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng. 34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tahara, T.

J.-P. Liu, T. Tahara, Y. Hayasaki, and T.-C. Poon, “Incoherent digital holography: a review,” Appl. Sci. 8(1), 143 (2018).
[Crossref]

Trinite, M.

C. Ozkul, D. Allano, and M. Trinite, “Filtering effects in far-field in-line holography,” Opt. Eng. 25(10), 2830–2835 (1986).
[Crossref]

Tsang, P.

R. Wang, Y. Zhang, T.-C. Poon, and P. Tsang, “Edge extraction of multi-section objects in optical scanning holography,” in 2019 The 28th IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, paper VD-005576.

Y. Zhang, R. Wang, L. Wang, P. Tsang, and T.-C. Poon, “Annular pupil in optical scanning holography,” in 2019 OSA Topical Meeting on Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, Paper W1A.5.

Tsang, P. W. M.

Y. Zhang, T.-C. Poon, P. W. M. Tsang, R. Wang, and L. Wang, “Review on feature extraction for 3-D incoherent image processing using optical scanning holography,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf. 15(11), 6146–6154 (2019).
[Crossref]

A. Yan, Y. Wei, Z. Hu, J. Zhang, P. W. M. Tsang, and T.-C. Poon, “Optical cryptography with biometrics for multi-depth objects,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12933 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. W. M. Tsang, K. W. K. Cheng, T. Kim, Y. S. Kim, and T.-C. Poon, “Fast reconstruction of sectional images in digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 36(14), 2650–2652 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tsuruta, T.

van der Gracht, J.

Vo, H.

Wang, F.

R. D. Wang, Y. P. Zhang, F. Wang, X. F. Zhu, C. G. Li, Y. A. Zhang, and W. Xu, “Edge extraction based on optical scanning holography system with annular pupils,” Chin. J. Lasers 46, 0109001 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

Y. Zhang, T.-C. Poon, P. W. M. Tsang, R. Wang, and L. Wang, “Review on feature extraction for 3-D incoherent image processing using optical scanning holography,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf. 15(11), 6146–6154 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, R. Wang, L. Wang, P. Tsang, and T.-C. Poon, “Annular pupil in optical scanning holography,” in 2019 OSA Topical Meeting on Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, Paper W1A.5.

Wang, R.

Y. Zhang, T.-C. Poon, P. W. M. Tsang, R. Wang, and L. Wang, “Review on feature extraction for 3-D incoherent image processing using optical scanning holography,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf. 15(11), 6146–6154 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, R. Wang, L. Wang, P. Tsang, and T.-C. Poon, “Annular pupil in optical scanning holography,” in 2019 OSA Topical Meeting on Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, Paper W1A.5.

R. Wang, Y. Zhang, T.-C. Poon, and P. Tsang, “Edge extraction of multi-section objects in optical scanning holography,” in 2019 The 28th IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, paper VD-005576.

Wang, R. D.

R. D. Wang, Y. P. Zhang, F. Wang, X. F. Zhu, C. G. Li, Y. A. Zhang, and W. Xu, “Edge extraction based on optical scanning holography system with annular pupils,” Chin. J. Lasers 46, 0109001 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Pan, W. Jia, J. Yu, K. Dobson, C. Zhou, Y. Wang, and T.-C. Poon, “Edge extraction using a time-varying vortex beam in incoherent digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4176–4179 (2014).
[Crossref]

C.-J. Xiao, X. Zhou, J.-P. Hu, J. Xie, Y. Wang, and X. F. Guo, “A theoretical investigation into the 3D point spread situation of a scanning holographic imaging system based on random phase encoding,” Opt. Laser Technol. 50, 20–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wei, Y.

A. Yan, Y. Wei, Z. Hu, J. Zhang, P. W. M. Tsang, and T.-C. Poon, “Optical cryptography with biometrics for multi-depth objects,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12933 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, D.

X. Yang, W. Jia, D. Wu, and T.-C. Poon, “On the difference between single- and double-sided bandpass filtering of spatial frequencies,” Opt. Commun. 384, 71–77 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, M.

T.-C. Poon, K. Doh, G. Indebetouw, B. W. Schilling, M. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng. 34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wu, M. H.

Xiao, C.-J.

C.-J. Xiao, X. Zhou, J.-P. Hu, J. Xie, Y. Wang, and X. F. Guo, “A theoretical investigation into the 3D point spread situation of a scanning holographic imaging system based on random phase encoding,” Opt. Laser Technol. 50, 20–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xie, J.

C.-J. Xiao, X. Zhou, J.-P. Hu, J. Xie, Y. Wang, and X. F. Guo, “A theoretical investigation into the 3D point spread situation of a scanning holographic imaging system based on random phase encoding,” Opt. Laser Technol. 50, 20–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xin, Z.

Xu, W.

R. D. Wang, Y. P. Zhang, F. Wang, X. F. Zhu, C. G. Li, Y. A. Zhang, and W. Xu, “Edge extraction based on optical scanning holography system with annular pupils,” Chin. J. Lasers 46, 0109001 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yan, A.

A. Yan, Y. Wei, Z. Hu, J. Zhang, P. W. M. Tsang, and T.-C. Poon, “Optical cryptography with biometrics for multi-depth objects,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12933 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

X. Yang, W. Jia, D. Wu, and T.-C. Poon, “On the difference between single- and double-sided bandpass filtering of spatial frequencies,” Opt. Commun. 384, 71–77 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

Zhang, J.

A. Yan, Y. Wei, Z. Hu, J. Zhang, P. W. M. Tsang, and T.-C. Poon, “Optical cryptography with biometrics for multi-depth objects,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12933 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, T.-C. Poon, P. W. M. Tsang, R. Wang, and L. Wang, “Review on feature extraction for 3-D incoherent image processing using optical scanning holography,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf. 15(11), 6146–6154 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, R. Wang, L. Wang, P. Tsang, and T.-C. Poon, “Annular pupil in optical scanning holography,” in 2019 OSA Topical Meeting on Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, Paper W1A.5.

R. Wang, Y. Zhang, T.-C. Poon, and P. Tsang, “Edge extraction of multi-section objects in optical scanning holography,” in 2019 The 28th IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, paper VD-005576.

Zhang, Y. A.

R. D. Wang, Y. P. Zhang, F. Wang, X. F. Zhu, C. G. Li, Y. A. Zhang, and W. Xu, “Edge extraction based on optical scanning holography system with annular pupils,” Chin. J. Lasers 46, 0109001 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y. P.

R. D. Wang, Y. P. Zhang, F. Wang, X. F. Zhu, C. G. Li, Y. A. Zhang, and W. Xu, “Edge extraction based on optical scanning holography system with annular pupils,” Chin. J. Lasers 46, 0109001 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhou, C.

Zhou, X.

C.-J. Xiao, X. Zhou, J.-P. Hu, J. Xie, Y. Wang, and X. F. Guo, “A theoretical investigation into the 3D point spread situation of a scanning holographic imaging system based on random phase encoding,” Opt. Laser Technol. 50, 20–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X. F.

R. D. Wang, Y. P. Zhang, F. Wang, X. F. Zhu, C. G. Li, Y. A. Zhang, and W. Xu, “Edge extraction based on optical scanning holography system with annular pupils,” Chin. J. Lasers 46, 0109001 (2019).
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Appl. Sci. (1)

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[Crossref]

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R. D. Wang, Y. P. Zhang, F. Wang, X. F. Zhu, C. G. Li, Y. A. Zhang, and W. Xu, “Edge extraction based on optical scanning holography system with annular pupils,” Chin. J. Lasers 46, 0109001 (2019).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf. (1)

Y. Zhang, T.-C. Poon, P. W. M. Tsang, R. Wang, and L. Wang, “Review on feature extraction for 3-D incoherent image processing using optical scanning holography,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf. 15(11), 6146–6154 (2019).
[Crossref]

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Opt. Commun. (1)

X. Yang, W. Jia, D. Wu, and T.-C. Poon, “On the difference between single- and double-sided bandpass filtering of spatial frequencies,” Opt. Commun. 384, 71–77 (2017).
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Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

C.-J. Xiao, X. Zhou, J.-P. Hu, J. Xie, Y. Wang, and X. F. Guo, “A theoretical investigation into the 3D point spread situation of a scanning holographic imaging system based on random phase encoding,” Opt. Laser Technol. 50, 20–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Sci. Rep. (1)

A. Yan, Y. Wei, Z. Hu, J. Zhang, P. W. M. Tsang, and T.-C. Poon, “Optical cryptography with biometrics for multi-depth objects,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12933 (2017).
[Crossref]

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T.-C. Poon and J.-P. Liu, Introduction to Modern Digital Holography with MATLAB, Cambridge University Press (2014).

X. Zhang and E. Y. Lam, “Edge detection of three-dimensional object by manipulating pupil functions in optical scanning holography system,” in IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, pp. 3661–3664, September 2010.

Y. Zhang, R. Wang, L. Wang, P. Tsang, and T.-C. Poon, “Annular pupil in optical scanning holography,” in 2019 OSA Topical Meeting on Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, Paper W1A.5.

R. Wang, Y. Zhang, T.-C. Poon, and P. Tsang, “Edge extraction of multi-section objects in optical scanning holography,” in 2019 The 28th IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, paper VD-005576.

T.-C. Poon and T. Kim, Ch. 4, Acousto-Optics, Optical Engineering with MATLAB, 2nd ed., World Scientific, 2018.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Typical setup of two-pupil optical heterodyne scanning system. Adapted from Wang et al., “Edge extraction of multi-section objects in optical scanning holography,” 28th IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, paper VD-005576, (2019). The present paper includes an extended, detailed version of this referred conference paper.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Original 3-section object, (b) and (c) In-phase and quadrature outputs (cosine and sine holograms, respectively) of the 3-section object.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Reconstructed images of three sections, illustrating out-of-focus haze on the focused sections.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Annular filter $a({k_r};\varepsilon ,{r_2})$ of $\varepsilon = 0.5$ ;(b) Intensity spectrum of the “KM” section.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) and (b) In-phase and quadrature holograms with annular pupil, respectively.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Reconstructed images of three sections with annular pupil. Note the out-of-focus haze on the focused plane.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. a) and b) In-phase and quadrature holograms with random phase as one of the pupils and the other pupil being uniform.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Reconstructed images of three sections with random phase pupil.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. a) and b) In-phase and quadrature holograms with random phase as one of the pupils and the other pupil being the same annular pupil as in Section 4.
Fig. 10.
Fig. 10. Sectional reconstructed images of three sections. Note that there are no out-of-focus haze on the focused plane.
Fig. 11.
Fig. 11. (a) Magnified version of “U” from Fig. 10(b). (b) Output of Fig. 11(a) processed by a simple adaptive threshold method. (11c) and (11d) show the line trace across the portion of the reconstructed images of Figs. 11(a) and 11(b), respectively.

Equations (12)

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H c ( x , y ) = i c ( x , y ) + j i s ( x , y ) = 1 { { | O ( x , y ; z ) | 2 } O T F ( k x , k y ; z ) } d z ,
O T F ( k x , k y ; z ) = exp [ j z ( k x 2 + k y 2 ) / 2 k 0 ]   × p 1 ( x , y ) p 2 ( x + f k 0 k x , y + f k 0 k y ) exp [ j z f ( x k x + y k y ) ] d x d y ,
O T F O S H ( k x , k y ; z ) = exp [ j z ( k x 2 + k y 2 ) / 2 k 0 ] .
H c ( x , y ) = 1 { { I ( x , y ) } O T F O S H ( k x , k y ; z 0 ) } = 1 { { I ( x , y ) } exp [ j z 0 ( k x 2 + k y 2 ) / 2 k 0 ] } .
H c ( x , y ) h ( x , y ; z ) = H c ( x , y ) h ( x x , y y ; z ) d x d y ,
H c ( x , y ) = i = 1 3 1 { { | O ( x , y ; z i ) | 2 } O T F O S H ( k x , k y ; z i ) } .
O T F A N N ( k x , k y ; z ) = exp [ j z ( k x 2 + k y 2 ) 2 k 0 ] [ c i r c ( k r r 2 ) c i r c ( k r r 1 ) ] = exp [ j z ( k x 2 + k y 2 ) 2 k 0 ] a ( k r ; ε , r 2 ) ,
H c ( x , y ) = 1 { { I ( x , y ) } a ( k r ; ε , r 2 ) exp [ j z 0 ( k x 2 + k y 2 ) / 2 k 0 ] } = 1 { { I ( x , y ) } a ( k r ; ε , r 2 ) O T F O S H ( k x , k y ; z 0 ) } .
O T F R P ( k x , k y ; z ) = exp [ j z ( k x 2 + k y 2 ) / 2 k 0 ]   × exp [ j 2 π s ( x + f k 0 k x , y + f k 0 k y ) ] exp [ j z f ( x k x + y k y ) ] d x d y .
H c ( x , y ) = i = 1 3 1 { { | O ( x , y ; z i ) | 2 } O T F R P ( k x , k y ; z i ) } .
O T F sec ( k x , k y ; z ) = exp [ j z ( k x 2 + k y 2 ) / 2 k 0 ]   × a ( r ; ε , w 2 ) exp [ j 2 π s ( x + f k 0 k x , y + f k 0 k y ) ] exp [ j z f ( x k x + y k y ) ] d x d y ,
H c ( x , y ) = i = 1 3 1 { { | O ( x , y ; z i ) | 2 } O T F sec ( k x , k y ; z i ) } .