Abstract

A novel hybrid fiber Bragg grating (FBG) for simultaneous measurement temperature and strain is proposed. This sensor is fabricated by inscribing fusion splice joint between two types of fibers using excimer laser and phase mask. Due to the different characteristics of the two fibers, the two resonance peaks have different responses to temperature and strain, and both physical parameters can be demodulated by analyzing the central wavelength shifts. Practical measuring results show that the hybrid FBG proposed in this paper can precisely achieve simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain. This work provides a new scheme for multi-parameter simultaneous sensing.

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References

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  1. W. Zhou, Y. Zhou, X. Dong, L.-Y. Shao, J. Cheng, and J. Albert, “Fiber-optic curvature sensor based on cladding-mode Bragg grating excited by fiber multimode interferometer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 1051–1057 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  2. D. Zheng, J. Madrigal, H. Chen, D. Barrera, and S. Sales, “Multicore fiber-Bragg-grating-based directional curvature sensor interrogated by a broadband source with a sinusoidal spectrum,” Opt. Lett. 42(18), 3710–3713 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  3. B. Luo, M. Zhao, X. Zhou, S. Shi, X. Han, and Y. Wang, “Etched fiber Bragg grating for refractive index distribution measurement,” Opt.-Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 124(17), 2777–2780 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  4. W. Yiping, M. Wang, and X. Huang, “In fiber Bragg grating twist sensor based on analysis of polarization dependent loss,” Opt. Express 21(10), 11913–11920 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Song, S. B. Lee, S. S. Choi, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using two fiber Bragg gratings embedded in a glass tube,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 3(2), 194–196 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  6. W.-C. Du, X.-M. Tao, and H.-Y. Tam, “Fiber Bragg grating cavity sensor for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(1), 105–107 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  7. V. Bhatia, D. Campbell, R. O. Claus, and A. M. Vengsarkar, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement with long-period gratings,” Opt. Lett. 22(9), 648–650 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  8. H. Patrick, G. Williams, A. Kersey, J. Pedrazzani, and A. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1223–1225 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  9. O. Frazão, M. Melo, P. Marques, and J. Santos, “Chirped Bragg grating fabricated in fused fibre taper for strain–temperature discrimination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16(4), 984–988 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. Zeng, T. Geng, W. Yang, M. An, J. Li, F. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Combining two types of gratings for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 477–480 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  11. T. Geng, J. Li, W. Yang, M. An, H. Zeng, F. Yang, Z. Cui, and L. Yuan, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a long-period fiber grating with a micro-taper,” Opt. Rev. 23(4), 657–661 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. James, M. Dockney, and R. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fibre Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32(12), 1133–1134 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  13. X. Shu, Y. Liu, D. Zhao, B. Gwandu, F. Floreani, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Dependence of temperature and strain coefficients on fiber grating type and its application to simultaneous temperature and strain measurement,” Opt. Lett. 27(9), 701–703 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  14. E. Chehura, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Temperature and strain discrimination using a single tilted fibre Bragg grating,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 344–347 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. Sengupta, S. K. Ghorai, and P. Biswas, “Design of superstructure fiber Bragg grating with efficient mode coupling for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement with low cross-sensitivity,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(22), 7941–7949 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  16. Y. Jiang, C. Liu, W. Zhang, D. Mao, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Multi-parameter sensing using a fiber Bragg grating inscribed in dual-mode fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(19), 1607–1610 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  17. B.-O. Guan, H.-Y. Tam, H. L. Chan, C.-L. Choy, and M. S. Demokan, “Discrimination between strain and temperature with a single fiber Bragg grating,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 33(3), 200–202 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  18. Y. Jiang, Y. Yuan, J. Xu, D. Yang, D. Li, M. Wang, and J. Zhao, “Phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscription by fusion splicing technique and femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 236–241 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  19. Y. Jiang, C. Liu, D. Li, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscribed by femtosecond laser,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 29(4), 045101 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  20. O. Frazao and J. Santos, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a Bragg grating structure written in germanosilicate fibres,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6(6), 553–556 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  21. G. P. Brady, K. Kalli, D. J. Webb, D. A. Jackson, L. Reekie, and J. L. Archambault, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using the first- and second-order diffraction wavelengths of Bragg gratings,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 144(3), 156 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  22. W. Yang, T. Geng, J. Yang, A. Zhou, Z. Liu, S. Geng, and L. Yuan, “A phase-shifted long period fiber grating based on filament heating method for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” J. Opt. 17(7), 075801 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2018 (1)

Y. Jiang, C. Liu, D. Li, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscribed by femtosecond laser,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 29(4), 045101 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

D. Zheng, J. Madrigal, H. Chen, D. Barrera, and S. Sales, “Multicore fiber-Bragg-grating-based directional curvature sensor interrogated by a broadband source with a sinusoidal spectrum,” Opt. Lett. 42(18), 3710–3713 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, C. Liu, W. Zhang, D. Mao, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Multi-parameter sensing using a fiber Bragg grating inscribed in dual-mode fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(19), 1607–1610 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

S. Sengupta, S. K. Ghorai, and P. Biswas, “Design of superstructure fiber Bragg grating with efficient mode coupling for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement with low cross-sensitivity,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(22), 7941–7949 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, Y. Yuan, J. Xu, D. Yang, D. Li, M. Wang, and J. Zhao, “Phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscription by fusion splicing technique and femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 236–241 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zeng, T. Geng, W. Yang, M. An, J. Li, F. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Combining two types of gratings for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 477–480 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Geng, J. Li, W. Yang, M. An, H. Zeng, F. Yang, Z. Cui, and L. Yuan, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a long-period fiber grating with a micro-taper,” Opt. Rev. 23(4), 657–661 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

W. Yang, T. Geng, J. Yang, A. Zhou, Z. Liu, S. Geng, and L. Yuan, “A phase-shifted long period fiber grating based on filament heating method for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” J. Opt. 17(7), 075801 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

B. Luo, M. Zhao, X. Zhou, S. Shi, X. Han, and Y. Wang, “Etched fiber Bragg grating for refractive index distribution measurement,” Opt.-Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 124(17), 2777–2780 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Yiping, M. Wang, and X. Huang, “In fiber Bragg grating twist sensor based on analysis of polarization dependent loss,” Opt. Express 21(10), 11913–11920 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

W. Zhou, Y. Zhou, X. Dong, L.-Y. Shao, J. Cheng, and J. Albert, “Fiber-optic curvature sensor based on cladding-mode Bragg grating excited by fiber multimode interferometer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 1051–1057 (2012).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

E. Chehura, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Temperature and strain discrimination using a single tilted fibre Bragg grating,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 344–347 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

O. Frazão, M. Melo, P. Marques, and J. Santos, “Chirped Bragg grating fabricated in fused fibre taper for strain–temperature discrimination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16(4), 984–988 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

O. Frazao and J. Santos, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a Bragg grating structure written in germanosilicate fibres,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6(6), 553–556 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

X. Shu, Y. Liu, D. Zhao, B. Gwandu, F. Floreani, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Dependence of temperature and strain coefficients on fiber grating type and its application to simultaneous temperature and strain measurement,” Opt. Lett. 27(9), 701–703 (2002).
[Crossref]

B.-O. Guan, H.-Y. Tam, H. L. Chan, C.-L. Choy, and M. S. Demokan, “Discrimination between strain and temperature with a single fiber Bragg grating,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 33(3), 200–202 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

W.-C. Du, X.-M. Tao, and H.-Y. Tam, “Fiber Bragg grating cavity sensor for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(1), 105–107 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (3)

V. Bhatia, D. Campbell, R. O. Claus, and A. M. Vengsarkar, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement with long-period gratings,” Opt. Lett. 22(9), 648–650 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Song, S. B. Lee, S. S. Choi, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using two fiber Bragg gratings embedded in a glass tube,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 3(2), 194–196 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. P. Brady, K. Kalli, D. J. Webb, D. A. Jackson, L. Reekie, and J. L. Archambault, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using the first- and second-order diffraction wavelengths of Bragg gratings,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 144(3), 156 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

H. Patrick, G. Williams, A. Kersey, J. Pedrazzani, and A. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1223–1225 (1996).
[Crossref]

S. James, M. Dockney, and R. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fibre Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32(12), 1133–1134 (1996).
[Crossref]

Albert, J.

W. Zhou, Y. Zhou, X. Dong, L.-Y. Shao, J. Cheng, and J. Albert, “Fiber-optic curvature sensor based on cladding-mode Bragg grating excited by fiber multimode interferometer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 1051–1057 (2012).
[Crossref]

An, M.

H. Zeng, T. Geng, W. Yang, M. An, J. Li, F. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Combining two types of gratings for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 477–480 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Geng, J. Li, W. Yang, M. An, H. Zeng, F. Yang, Z. Cui, and L. Yuan, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a long-period fiber grating with a micro-taper,” Opt. Rev. 23(4), 657–661 (2016).
[Crossref]

Archambault, J. L.

G. P. Brady, K. Kalli, D. J. Webb, D. A. Jackson, L. Reekie, and J. L. Archambault, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using the first- and second-order diffraction wavelengths of Bragg gratings,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 144(3), 156 (1997).
[Crossref]

Barrera, D.

Bennion, I.

Bhatia, V.

Biswas, P.

S. Sengupta, S. K. Ghorai, and P. Biswas, “Design of superstructure fiber Bragg grating with efficient mode coupling for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement with low cross-sensitivity,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(22), 7941–7949 (2016).
[Crossref]

Brady, G. P.

G. P. Brady, K. Kalli, D. J. Webb, D. A. Jackson, L. Reekie, and J. L. Archambault, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using the first- and second-order diffraction wavelengths of Bragg gratings,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 144(3), 156 (1997).
[Crossref]

Campbell, D.

Chan, H. L.

B.-O. Guan, H.-Y. Tam, H. L. Chan, C.-L. Choy, and M. S. Demokan, “Discrimination between strain and temperature with a single fiber Bragg grating,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 33(3), 200–202 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chehura, E.

E. Chehura, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Temperature and strain discrimination using a single tilted fibre Bragg grating,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 344–347 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Cheng, J.

W. Zhou, Y. Zhou, X. Dong, L.-Y. Shao, J. Cheng, and J. Albert, “Fiber-optic curvature sensor based on cladding-mode Bragg grating excited by fiber multimode interferometer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 1051–1057 (2012).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. S.

M. Song, S. B. Lee, S. S. Choi, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using two fiber Bragg gratings embedded in a glass tube,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 3(2), 194–196 (1997).
[Crossref]

Choy, C.-L.

B.-O. Guan, H.-Y. Tam, H. L. Chan, C.-L. Choy, and M. S. Demokan, “Discrimination between strain and temperature with a single fiber Bragg grating,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 33(3), 200–202 (2002).
[Crossref]

Claus, R. O.

Cui, Z.

T. Geng, J. Li, W. Yang, M. An, H. Zeng, F. Yang, Z. Cui, and L. Yuan, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a long-period fiber grating with a micro-taper,” Opt. Rev. 23(4), 657–661 (2016).
[Crossref]

Demokan, M. S.

B.-O. Guan, H.-Y. Tam, H. L. Chan, C.-L. Choy, and M. S. Demokan, “Discrimination between strain and temperature with a single fiber Bragg grating,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 33(3), 200–202 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dockney, M.

S. James, M. Dockney, and R. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fibre Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32(12), 1133–1134 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dong, X.

W. Zhou, Y. Zhou, X. Dong, L.-Y. Shao, J. Cheng, and J. Albert, “Fiber-optic curvature sensor based on cladding-mode Bragg grating excited by fiber multimode interferometer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 1051–1057 (2012).
[Crossref]

Du, W.-C.

W.-C. Du, X.-M. Tao, and H.-Y. Tam, “Fiber Bragg grating cavity sensor for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(1), 105–107 (1999).
[Crossref]

Floreani, F.

Frazao, O.

O. Frazao and J. Santos, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a Bragg grating structure written in germanosilicate fibres,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6(6), 553–556 (2004).
[Crossref]

Frazão, O.

O. Frazão, M. Melo, P. Marques, and J. Santos, “Chirped Bragg grating fabricated in fused fibre taper for strain–temperature discrimination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16(4), 984–988 (2005).
[Crossref]

Geng, S.

W. Yang, T. Geng, J. Yang, A. Zhou, Z. Liu, S. Geng, and L. Yuan, “A phase-shifted long period fiber grating based on filament heating method for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” J. Opt. 17(7), 075801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Geng, T.

H. Zeng, T. Geng, W. Yang, M. An, J. Li, F. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Combining two types of gratings for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 477–480 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Geng, J. Li, W. Yang, M. An, H. Zeng, F. Yang, Z. Cui, and L. Yuan, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a long-period fiber grating with a micro-taper,” Opt. Rev. 23(4), 657–661 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Yang, T. Geng, J. Yang, A. Zhou, Z. Liu, S. Geng, and L. Yuan, “A phase-shifted long period fiber grating based on filament heating method for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” J. Opt. 17(7), 075801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ghorai, S. K.

S. Sengupta, S. K. Ghorai, and P. Biswas, “Design of superstructure fiber Bragg grating with efficient mode coupling for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement with low cross-sensitivity,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(22), 7941–7949 (2016).
[Crossref]

Guan, B.-O.

B.-O. Guan, H.-Y. Tam, H. L. Chan, C.-L. Choy, and M. S. Demokan, “Discrimination between strain and temperature with a single fiber Bragg grating,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 33(3), 200–202 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gwandu, B.

Han, X.

B. Luo, M. Zhao, X. Zhou, S. Shi, X. Han, and Y. Wang, “Etched fiber Bragg grating for refractive index distribution measurement,” Opt.-Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 124(17), 2777–2780 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, X.

Jackson, D. A.

G. P. Brady, K. Kalli, D. J. Webb, D. A. Jackson, L. Reekie, and J. L. Archambault, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using the first- and second-order diffraction wavelengths of Bragg gratings,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 144(3), 156 (1997).
[Crossref]

James, S.

S. James, M. Dockney, and R. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fibre Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32(12), 1133–1134 (1996).
[Crossref]

James, S. W.

E. Chehura, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Temperature and strain discrimination using a single tilted fibre Bragg grating,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 344–347 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

Y. Jiang, C. Liu, D. Li, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscribed by femtosecond laser,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 29(4), 045101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, C. Liu, W. Zhang, D. Mao, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Multi-parameter sensing using a fiber Bragg grating inscribed in dual-mode fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(19), 1607–1610 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, Y. Yuan, J. Xu, D. Yang, D. Li, M. Wang, and J. Zhao, “Phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscription by fusion splicing technique and femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 236–241 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kalli, K.

G. P. Brady, K. Kalli, D. J. Webb, D. A. Jackson, L. Reekie, and J. L. Archambault, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using the first- and second-order diffraction wavelengths of Bragg gratings,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 144(3), 156 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kersey, A.

H. Patrick, G. Williams, A. Kersey, J. Pedrazzani, and A. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1223–1225 (1996).
[Crossref]

Lee, B.

M. Song, S. B. Lee, S. S. Choi, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using two fiber Bragg gratings embedded in a glass tube,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 3(2), 194–196 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. B.

M. Song, S. B. Lee, S. S. Choi, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using two fiber Bragg gratings embedded in a glass tube,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 3(2), 194–196 (1997).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

Y. Jiang, C. Liu, D. Li, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscribed by femtosecond laser,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 29(4), 045101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, Y. Yuan, J. Xu, D. Yang, D. Li, M. Wang, and J. Zhao, “Phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscription by fusion splicing technique and femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 236–241 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

T. Geng, J. Li, W. Yang, M. An, H. Zeng, F. Yang, Z. Cui, and L. Yuan, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a long-period fiber grating with a micro-taper,” Opt. Rev. 23(4), 657–661 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zeng, T. Geng, W. Yang, M. An, J. Li, F. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Combining two types of gratings for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 477–480 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

Y. Jiang, C. Liu, D. Li, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscribed by femtosecond laser,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 29(4), 045101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, C. Liu, W. Zhang, D. Mao, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Multi-parameter sensing using a fiber Bragg grating inscribed in dual-mode fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(19), 1607–1610 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Liu, Z.

W. Yang, T. Geng, J. Yang, A. Zhou, Z. Liu, S. Geng, and L. Yuan, “A phase-shifted long period fiber grating based on filament heating method for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” J. Opt. 17(7), 075801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, B.

B. Luo, M. Zhao, X. Zhou, S. Shi, X. Han, and Y. Wang, “Etched fiber Bragg grating for refractive index distribution measurement,” Opt.-Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 124(17), 2777–2780 (2013).
[Crossref]

Madrigal, J.

Mao, D.

Y. Jiang, C. Liu, W. Zhang, D. Mao, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Multi-parameter sensing using a fiber Bragg grating inscribed in dual-mode fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(19), 1607–1610 (2017).
[Crossref]

Marques, P.

O. Frazão, M. Melo, P. Marques, and J. Santos, “Chirped Bragg grating fabricated in fused fibre taper for strain–temperature discrimination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16(4), 984–988 (2005).
[Crossref]

Melo, M.

O. Frazão, M. Melo, P. Marques, and J. Santos, “Chirped Bragg grating fabricated in fused fibre taper for strain–temperature discrimination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16(4), 984–988 (2005).
[Crossref]

Patrick, H.

H. Patrick, G. Williams, A. Kersey, J. Pedrazzani, and A. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1223–1225 (1996).
[Crossref]

Pedrazzani, J.

H. Patrick, G. Williams, A. Kersey, J. Pedrazzani, and A. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1223–1225 (1996).
[Crossref]

Reekie, L.

G. P. Brady, K. Kalli, D. J. Webb, D. A. Jackson, L. Reekie, and J. L. Archambault, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using the first- and second-order diffraction wavelengths of Bragg gratings,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 144(3), 156 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sales, S.

Santos, J.

O. Frazão, M. Melo, P. Marques, and J. Santos, “Chirped Bragg grating fabricated in fused fibre taper for strain–temperature discrimination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16(4), 984–988 (2005).
[Crossref]

O. Frazao and J. Santos, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a Bragg grating structure written in germanosilicate fibres,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6(6), 553–556 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sengupta, S.

S. Sengupta, S. K. Ghorai, and P. Biswas, “Design of superstructure fiber Bragg grating with efficient mode coupling for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement with low cross-sensitivity,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(22), 7941–7949 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shao, L.-Y.

W. Zhou, Y. Zhou, X. Dong, L.-Y. Shao, J. Cheng, and J. Albert, “Fiber-optic curvature sensor based on cladding-mode Bragg grating excited by fiber multimode interferometer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 1051–1057 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shi, S.

B. Luo, M. Zhao, X. Zhou, S. Shi, X. Han, and Y. Wang, “Etched fiber Bragg grating for refractive index distribution measurement,” Opt.-Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 124(17), 2777–2780 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shu, X.

Song, M.

M. Song, S. B. Lee, S. S. Choi, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using two fiber Bragg gratings embedded in a glass tube,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 3(2), 194–196 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tam, H.-Y.

B.-O. Guan, H.-Y. Tam, H. L. Chan, C.-L. Choy, and M. S. Demokan, “Discrimination between strain and temperature with a single fiber Bragg grating,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 33(3), 200–202 (2002).
[Crossref]

W.-C. Du, X.-M. Tao, and H.-Y. Tam, “Fiber Bragg grating cavity sensor for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(1), 105–107 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tao, X.-M.

W.-C. Du, X.-M. Tao, and H.-Y. Tam, “Fiber Bragg grating cavity sensor for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(1), 105–107 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tatam, R.

S. James, M. Dockney, and R. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fibre Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32(12), 1133–1134 (1996).
[Crossref]

Tatam, R. P.

E. Chehura, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Temperature and strain discrimination using a single tilted fibre Bragg grating,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 344–347 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vengsarkar, A.

H. Patrick, G. Williams, A. Kersey, J. Pedrazzani, and A. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1223–1225 (1996).
[Crossref]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

Wang, M.

Y. Jiang, Y. Yuan, J. Xu, D. Yang, D. Li, M. Wang, and J. Zhao, “Phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscription by fusion splicing technique and femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 236–241 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Yiping, M. Wang, and X. Huang, “In fiber Bragg grating twist sensor based on analysis of polarization dependent loss,” Opt. Express 21(10), 11913–11920 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

B. Luo, M. Zhao, X. Zhou, S. Shi, X. Han, and Y. Wang, “Etched fiber Bragg grating for refractive index distribution measurement,” Opt.-Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 124(17), 2777–2780 (2013).
[Crossref]

Webb, D. J.

G. P. Brady, K. Kalli, D. J. Webb, D. A. Jackson, L. Reekie, and J. L. Archambault, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using the first- and second-order diffraction wavelengths of Bragg gratings,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 144(3), 156 (1997).
[Crossref]

Williams, G.

H. Patrick, G. Williams, A. Kersey, J. Pedrazzani, and A. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1223–1225 (1996).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Y. Jiang, Y. Yuan, J. Xu, D. Yang, D. Li, M. Wang, and J. Zhao, “Phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscription by fusion splicing technique and femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 236–241 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, D.

Y. Jiang, C. Liu, D. Li, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscribed by femtosecond laser,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 29(4), 045101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, C. Liu, W. Zhang, D. Mao, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Multi-parameter sensing using a fiber Bragg grating inscribed in dual-mode fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(19), 1607–1610 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, Y. Yuan, J. Xu, D. Yang, D. Li, M. Wang, and J. Zhao, “Phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscription by fusion splicing technique and femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 236–241 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, F.

T. Geng, J. Li, W. Yang, M. An, H. Zeng, F. Yang, Z. Cui, and L. Yuan, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a long-period fiber grating with a micro-taper,” Opt. Rev. 23(4), 657–661 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zeng, T. Geng, W. Yang, M. An, J. Li, F. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Combining two types of gratings for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 477–480 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

W. Yang, T. Geng, J. Yang, A. Zhou, Z. Liu, S. Geng, and L. Yuan, “A phase-shifted long period fiber grating based on filament heating method for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” J. Opt. 17(7), 075801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, W.

T. Geng, J. Li, W. Yang, M. An, H. Zeng, F. Yang, Z. Cui, and L. Yuan, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a long-period fiber grating with a micro-taper,” Opt. Rev. 23(4), 657–661 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zeng, T. Geng, W. Yang, M. An, J. Li, F. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Combining two types of gratings for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 477–480 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Yang, T. Geng, J. Yang, A. Zhou, Z. Liu, S. Geng, and L. Yuan, “A phase-shifted long period fiber grating based on filament heating method for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” J. Opt. 17(7), 075801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yiping, W.

Yuan, L.

H. Zeng, T. Geng, W. Yang, M. An, J. Li, F. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Combining two types of gratings for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 477–480 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Geng, J. Li, W. Yang, M. An, H. Zeng, F. Yang, Z. Cui, and L. Yuan, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a long-period fiber grating with a micro-taper,” Opt. Rev. 23(4), 657–661 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Yang, T. Geng, J. Yang, A. Zhou, Z. Liu, S. Geng, and L. Yuan, “A phase-shifted long period fiber grating based on filament heating method for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” J. Opt. 17(7), 075801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y.

Y. Jiang, Y. Yuan, J. Xu, D. Yang, D. Li, M. Wang, and J. Zhao, “Phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscription by fusion splicing technique and femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 236–241 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zeng, H.

H. Zeng, T. Geng, W. Yang, M. An, J. Li, F. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Combining two types of gratings for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 477–480 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Geng, J. Li, W. Yang, M. An, H. Zeng, F. Yang, Z. Cui, and L. Yuan, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a long-period fiber grating with a micro-taper,” Opt. Rev. 23(4), 657–661 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, W.

Y. Jiang, C. Liu, W. Zhang, D. Mao, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Multi-parameter sensing using a fiber Bragg grating inscribed in dual-mode fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(19), 1607–1610 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, D.

Zhao, J.

Y. Jiang, C. Liu, D. Li, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscribed by femtosecond laser,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 29(4), 045101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, C. Liu, W. Zhang, D. Mao, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Multi-parameter sensing using a fiber Bragg grating inscribed in dual-mode fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(19), 1607–1610 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, Y. Yuan, J. Xu, D. Yang, D. Li, M. Wang, and J. Zhao, “Phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscription by fusion splicing technique and femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 236–241 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, M.

B. Luo, M. Zhao, X. Zhou, S. Shi, X. Han, and Y. Wang, “Etched fiber Bragg grating for refractive index distribution measurement,” Opt.-Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 124(17), 2777–2780 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zheng, D.

Zhou, A.

W. Yang, T. Geng, J. Yang, A. Zhou, Z. Liu, S. Geng, and L. Yuan, “A phase-shifted long period fiber grating based on filament heating method for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” J. Opt. 17(7), 075801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, W.

W. Zhou, Y. Zhou, X. Dong, L.-Y. Shao, J. Cheng, and J. Albert, “Fiber-optic curvature sensor based on cladding-mode Bragg grating excited by fiber multimode interferometer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 1051–1057 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X.

B. Luo, M. Zhao, X. Zhou, S. Shi, X. Han, and Y. Wang, “Etched fiber Bragg grating for refractive index distribution measurement,” Opt.-Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 124(17), 2777–2780 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

W. Zhou, Y. Zhou, X. Dong, L.-Y. Shao, J. Cheng, and J. Albert, “Fiber-optic curvature sensor based on cladding-mode Bragg grating excited by fiber multimode interferometer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 1051–1057 (2012).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. James, M. Dockney, and R. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fibre Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32(12), 1133–1134 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. (1)

G. P. Brady, K. Kalli, D. J. Webb, D. A. Jackson, L. Reekie, and J. L. Archambault, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using the first- and second-order diffraction wavelengths of Bragg gratings,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 144(3), 156 (1997).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

W. Zhou, Y. Zhou, X. Dong, L.-Y. Shao, J. Cheng, and J. Albert, “Fiber-optic curvature sensor based on cladding-mode Bragg grating excited by fiber multimode interferometer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 1051–1057 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (4)

H. Patrick, G. Williams, A. Kersey, J. Pedrazzani, and A. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(9), 1223–1225 (1996).
[Crossref]

H. Zeng, T. Geng, W. Yang, M. An, J. Li, F. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Combining two types of gratings for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(4), 477–480 (2016).
[Crossref]

W.-C. Du, X.-M. Tao, and H.-Y. Tam, “Fiber Bragg grating cavity sensor for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(1), 105–107 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, C. Liu, W. Zhang, D. Mao, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Multi-parameter sensing using a fiber Bragg grating inscribed in dual-mode fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(19), 1607–1610 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

S. Sengupta, S. K. Ghorai, and P. Biswas, “Design of superstructure fiber Bragg grating with efficient mode coupling for simultaneous strain and temperature measurement with low cross-sensitivity,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(22), 7941–7949 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

W. Yang, T. Geng, J. Yang, A. Zhou, Z. Liu, S. Geng, and L. Yuan, “A phase-shifted long period fiber grating based on filament heating method for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” J. Opt. 17(7), 075801 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

O. Frazao and J. Santos, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a Bragg grating structure written in germanosilicate fibres,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6(6), 553–556 (2004).
[Crossref]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

Y. Jiang, C. Liu, D. Li, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscribed by femtosecond laser,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 29(4), 045101 (2018).
[Crossref]

O. Frazão, M. Melo, P. Marques, and J. Santos, “Chirped Bragg grating fabricated in fused fibre taper for strain–temperature discrimination,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 16(4), 984–988 (2005).
[Crossref]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

B.-O. Guan, H.-Y. Tam, H. L. Chan, C.-L. Choy, and M. S. Demokan, “Discrimination between strain and temperature with a single fiber Bragg grating,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 33(3), 200–202 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

E. Chehura, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Temperature and strain discrimination using a single tilted fibre Bragg grating,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 344–347 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

M. Song, S. B. Lee, S. S. Choi, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using two fiber Bragg gratings embedded in a glass tube,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 3(2), 194–196 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

Y. Jiang, Y. Yuan, J. Xu, D. Yang, D. Li, M. Wang, and J. Zhao, “Phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscription by fusion splicing technique and femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 86, 236–241 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Rev. (1)

T. Geng, J. Li, W. Yang, M. An, H. Zeng, F. Yang, Z. Cui, and L. Yuan, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using a long-period fiber grating with a micro-taper,” Opt. Rev. 23(4), 657–661 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt.-Int. J. Light Electron Opt. (1)

B. Luo, M. Zhao, X. Zhou, S. Shi, X. Han, and Y. Wang, “Etched fiber Bragg grating for refractive index distribution measurement,” Opt.-Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 124(17), 2777–2780 (2013).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. The transmission spectrum of the hybrid FBG fabricated in this paper,Dip A:DCF, Dip B: SMF.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. The test system for temperature and strain sensitivity.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Temperature test of hybrid FBG (a) evolutions of transmission spectrum with increasing Temperature; (b) linear fitting of temperature sensitivity.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Strain test of hybrid FBG (a) evolutions of transmission spectrum with increasing strain; (b) linear fitting of strain sensitivity.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Simultaneous measurements results: (a) Different temperature sensitivity under different strain (b) Different strain sensitivity under different temperature.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparison between several method for simultaneous measurement.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

[ Δ λ A Δ λ B ]  =  [ K T A K ε A K T B K ε B ] [ Δ T Δ ε ]
[ Δ T Δ ε ]  =  1 D [ K ε B K ε A K T B K T A ] [ Δ λ A Δ λ B ]
[ Δ T Δ ε ]  =  1 0.24 [ 0.76 0.69 13.2 12.3 ] [ Δ λ A Δ λ B ]

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