Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a simultaneous spatial extension and temporal prolongation of plasma wire generated by a high-power femtosecond laser undergoing filamentation. A single femtosecond laser pulse, transmitted through a specially designed telescopic lens array, creates three concatenated segments of the plasma wire with total length of over 3 meters and free electron density of ∼1016 cm−3 along the entire distance. The plasma filaments were irradiated by a secondary nanosecond laser that propagates collinear to the plasma wire. The plasma wire absorbs energy from the secondary laser and its lifetime is prolonged from about 3 ns to above 30 ns. The obtained plasma wire length and lifetime prolongation is limited only by the fs/ns lasers parameters.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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  1. A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in the air,” Opt. Lett. 20(1), 73 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  3. N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, R. Birnbaum, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Demonstration of Long-Lived High-Power Optical Waveguides in Air,” Phys. Rev. X 4(1), 011027 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Kasparian and J. P. Wolf, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” Opt. Express 16(1), 466 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. R. Penano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, and C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11(5), 2865–2874 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  6. X. M. Zhao, J. C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 599–612 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. Couairon, “Filamentation length of powerful laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 76(7), 789–792 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  8. N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, A. Talebpour, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond pulse propagation in air: Variational analysis,” Phys. Rev. E: Stat. Phys., Plasmas, Fluids, Relat. Interdiscip. Top. 61(4), 4540–4549 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. L. Chin, “The Physics and the Challenge of the Propagation of Powerful Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Optical Media,” Phys. Can. 60, 273 (2004).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  12. J. Papeer, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, M. Botton, and A. Zigler, “Temporal evolution of femtosecond laser induced plasma filament in air and N2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(24), 244102 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  13. S Tzortzakis, B Prade, M Franco, and A Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 123–127 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. Akturk, B. Zhou, A. Houard, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Long plasma channels formed by axicon-focused filaments,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 70271E (2008).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Couairon, G. Mechain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments,” Opt. Commun. 225(1-3), 177–192 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  16. M. Scheller, M. S. Mills, M. A. Miri, W. Cheng, J. V. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. N. Hristodoulides, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 297–301 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  19. J. Papeer, I. Dey, M. Botton, Z. Henis, A. D. Lad, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, K. Jana, S. Tata, S. L. Roy, Y. M. Ved, G. R. Kumar, and A Zigler, “Towards Remote Lightning Manipulation by Meters-long Plasma Channels Generated by Ultra-Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 407 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. Papeer, R. Bruch, E. Dekel, O. Pollak, M. Botton, Z. Henis, and A. Zigler, “Generation of concatenated long high-density plasma channels in air by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(12), 124102 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  21. Z Henis, G Milikh, K Papadopoulos, and A. Zigler, “Generation of controlled radiation sources in the atmosphere using a dual femtosecond /nanosecond laser pulse,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103111 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  22. J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 16(12), 123046 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  23. J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Corrigendum: Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 089501 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  24. J. Papeer, I. Dey, Z. Henis, M. Botton, Y. Ferber, G. R. Kumar, and A. Zigler, “Uniform lifetime prolongation of a high density plasma channel left in the wake of femtosecond filament,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(7), 074102 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  25. J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, G. Fibich, H. H. Sheinfux, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Multi variable control of filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses propagating in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094005 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  26. J. Papeer, C. Mitchell, J. Peñano, Y. Ehrlich, P. Sprangle, and A. Zigler, “Microwave diagnostics of femtosecond laser-generated plasma filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 141503 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  27. G. Fibich, S. Eisenmann, B. Ilan, and A. Zigler, “Control of multiple filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 29(15), 1772 (2004).
    [Crossref]

2019 (1)

J. Papeer, I. Dey, M. Botton, Z. Henis, A. D. Lad, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, K. Jana, S. Tata, S. L. Roy, Y. M. Ved, G. R. Kumar, and A Zigler, “Towards Remote Lightning Manipulation by Meters-long Plasma Channels Generated by Ultra-Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 407 (2019).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

J. Papeer, I. Dey, Z. Henis, M. Botton, Y. Ferber, G. R. Kumar, and A. Zigler, “Uniform lifetime prolongation of a high density plasma channel left in the wake of femtosecond filament,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(7), 074102 (2017).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, G. Fibich, H. H. Sheinfux, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Multi variable control of filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses propagating in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094005 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, R. Bruch, E. Dekel, O. Pollak, M. Botton, Z. Henis, and A. Zigler, “Generation of concatenated long high-density plasma channels in air by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(12), 124102 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Corrigendum: Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 089501 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 16(12), 123046 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, R. Birnbaum, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Demonstration of Long-Lived High-Power Optical Waveguides in Air,” Phys. Rev. X 4(1), 011027 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Scheller, M. S. Mills, M. A. Miri, W. Cheng, J. V. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. N. Hristodoulides, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

J. Papeer, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, M. Botton, and A. Zigler, “Temporal evolution of femtosecond laser induced plasma filament in air and N2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(24), 244102 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

J. Papeer, C. Mitchell, J. Peñano, Y. Ehrlich, P. Sprangle, and A. Zigler, “Microwave diagnostics of femtosecond laser-generated plasma filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 141503 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

Z Henis, G Milikh, K Papadopoulos, and A. Zigler, “Generation of controlled radiation sources in the atmosphere using a dual femtosecond /nanosecond laser pulse,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103111 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Akturk, B. Zhou, A. Houard, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Long plasma channels formed by axicon-focused filaments,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 70271E (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Eisenmann, J. Peñano, P. Sprangle, and A. Zigler, “Effect of an Energy Reservoir on the Atmospheric Propagation of Laser-Plasma Filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 155003 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian and J. P. Wolf, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” Opt. Express 16(1), 466 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, X. Lu, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

J. R. Penano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, and C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11(5), 2865–2874 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. L. Chin, “The Physics and the Challenge of the Propagation of Powerful Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Optical Media,” Phys. Can. 60, 273 (2004).

G. Fibich, S. Eisenmann, B. Ilan, and A. Zigler, “Control of multiple filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 29(15), 1772 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

A. Couairon, “Filamentation length of powerful laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 76(7), 789–792 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon, G. Mechain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments,” Opt. Commun. 225(1-3), 177–192 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

S Tzortzakis, B Prade, M Franco, and A Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 123–127 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, A. Talebpour, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond pulse propagation in air: Variational analysis,” Phys. Rev. E: Stat. Phys., Plasmas, Fluids, Relat. Interdiscip. Top. 61(4), 4540–4549 (2000).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in the air,” Opt. Lett. 20(1), 73 (1995).
[Crossref]

X. M. Zhao, J. C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 599–612 (1995).
[Crossref]

Akozbek, N.

N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, A. Talebpour, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond pulse propagation in air: Variational analysis,” Phys. Rev. E: Stat. Phys., Plasmas, Fluids, Relat. Interdiscip. Top. 61(4), 4540–4549 (2000).
[Crossref]

Akturk, S.

S. Akturk, B. Zhou, A. Houard, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Long plasma channels formed by axicon-focused filaments,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 70271E (2008).
[Crossref]

Birnbaum, R.

N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, R. Birnbaum, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Demonstration of Long-Lived High-Power Optical Waveguides in Air,” Phys. Rev. X 4(1), 011027 (2014).
[Crossref]

Botton, M.

J. Papeer, I. Dey, M. Botton, Z. Henis, A. D. Lad, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, K. Jana, S. Tata, S. L. Roy, Y. M. Ved, G. R. Kumar, and A Zigler, “Towards Remote Lightning Manipulation by Meters-long Plasma Channels Generated by Ultra-Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 407 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, I. Dey, Z. Henis, M. Botton, Y. Ferber, G. R. Kumar, and A. Zigler, “Uniform lifetime prolongation of a high density plasma channel left in the wake of femtosecond filament,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(7), 074102 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, G. Fibich, H. H. Sheinfux, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Multi variable control of filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses propagating in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094005 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, R. Bruch, E. Dekel, O. Pollak, M. Botton, Z. Henis, and A. Zigler, “Generation of concatenated long high-density plasma channels in air by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(12), 124102 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Corrigendum: Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 089501 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 16(12), 123046 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, M. Botton, and A. Zigler, “Temporal evolution of femtosecond laser induced plasma filament in air and N2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(24), 244102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bowden, C. M.

N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, A. Talebpour, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond pulse propagation in air: Variational analysis,” Phys. Rev. E: Stat. Phys., Plasmas, Fluids, Relat. Interdiscip. Top. 61(4), 4540–4549 (2000).
[Crossref]

Braun, A.

Bruch, R.

J. Papeer, R. Bruch, E. Dekel, O. Pollak, M. Botton, Z. Henis, and A. Zigler, “Generation of concatenated long high-density plasma channels in air by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(12), 124102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, L. M.

Cheng, W.

M. Scheller, M. S. Mills, M. A. Miri, W. Cheng, J. V. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. N. Hristodoulides, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chin, S. L.

S. L. Chin, “The Physics and the Challenge of the Propagation of Powerful Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Optical Media,” Phys. Can. 60, 273 (2004).

N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, A. Talebpour, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond pulse propagation in air: Variational analysis,” Phys. Rev. E: Stat. Phys., Plasmas, Fluids, Relat. Interdiscip. Top. 61(4), 4540–4549 (2000).
[Crossref]

Couairon, A.

S. Akturk, B. Zhou, A. Houard, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Long plasma channels formed by axicon-focused filaments,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 70271E (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon, “Filamentation length of powerful laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 76(7), 789–792 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon, G. Mechain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments,” Opt. Commun. 225(1-3), 177–192 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dekel, E.

J. Papeer, R. Bruch, E. Dekel, O. Pollak, M. Botton, Z. Henis, and A. Zigler, “Generation of concatenated long high-density plasma channels in air by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(12), 124102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dey, I.

J. Papeer, I. Dey, M. Botton, Z. Henis, A. D. Lad, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, K. Jana, S. Tata, S. L. Roy, Y. M. Ved, G. R. Kumar, and A Zigler, “Towards Remote Lightning Manipulation by Meters-long Plasma Channels Generated by Ultra-Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 407 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, I. Dey, Z. Henis, M. Botton, Y. Ferber, G. R. Kumar, and A. Zigler, “Uniform lifetime prolongation of a high density plasma channel left in the wake of femtosecond filament,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(7), 074102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Diels, J. C.

X. M. Zhao, J. C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 599–612 (1995).
[Crossref]

Dong, Q. L.

Du, D.

Ehrlich, Y.

J. Papeer, C. Mitchell, J. Peñano, Y. Ehrlich, P. Sprangle, and A. Zigler, “Microwave diagnostics of femtosecond laser-generated plasma filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 141503 (2011).
[Crossref]

Eisenmann, S.

S. Eisenmann, J. Peñano, P. Sprangle, and A. Zigler, “Effect of an Energy Reservoir on the Atmospheric Propagation of Laser-Plasma Filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 155003 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Fibich, S. Eisenmann, B. Ilan, and A. Zigler, “Control of multiple filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 29(15), 1772 (2004).
[Crossref]

Elizondo, J. M.

X. M. Zhao, J. C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 599–612 (1995).
[Crossref]

Feng, L. B.

Ferber, Y.

J. Papeer, I. Dey, Z. Henis, M. Botton, Y. Ferber, G. R. Kumar, and A. Zigler, “Uniform lifetime prolongation of a high density plasma channel left in the wake of femtosecond filament,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(7), 074102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fibich, G.

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, G. Fibich, H. H. Sheinfux, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Multi variable control of filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses propagating in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094005 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Fibich, S. Eisenmann, B. Ilan, and A. Zigler, “Control of multiple filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 29(15), 1772 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Fibich and B. Ilan, “Deterministic vectorial effects lead to multiple filamentation,” Opt. Lett. 26(11), 840 (2001).
[Crossref]

Franco, M

S Tzortzakis, B Prade, M Franco, and A Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 123–127 (2000).
[Crossref]

Franco, M.

S. Akturk, B. Zhou, A. Houard, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Long plasma channels formed by axicon-focused filaments,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 70271E (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon, G. Mechain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments,” Opt. Commun. 225(1-3), 177–192 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ge, X. L.

Gordon, D.

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, G. Fibich, H. H. Sheinfux, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Multi variable control of filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses propagating in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094005 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Corrigendum: Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 089501 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 16(12), 123046 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, M. Botton, and A. Zigler, “Temporal evolution of femtosecond laser induced plasma filament in air and N2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(24), 244102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gordon, D. F.

J. R. Penano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, and C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11(5), 2865–2874 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hafizi, B.

J. R. Penano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, and C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11(5), 2865–2874 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hao, Z. Q.

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, X. Lu, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Henis, Z

Z Henis, G Milikh, K Papadopoulos, and A. Zigler, “Generation of controlled radiation sources in the atmosphere using a dual femtosecond /nanosecond laser pulse,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Henis, Z.

J. Papeer, I. Dey, M. Botton, Z. Henis, A. D. Lad, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, K. Jana, S. Tata, S. L. Roy, Y. M. Ved, G. R. Kumar, and A Zigler, “Towards Remote Lightning Manipulation by Meters-long Plasma Channels Generated by Ultra-Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 407 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, I. Dey, Z. Henis, M. Botton, Y. Ferber, G. R. Kumar, and A. Zigler, “Uniform lifetime prolongation of a high density plasma channel left in the wake of femtosecond filament,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(7), 074102 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, G. Fibich, H. H. Sheinfux, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Multi variable control of filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses propagating in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094005 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Corrigendum: Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 089501 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, R. Bruch, E. Dekel, O. Pollak, M. Botton, Z. Henis, and A. Zigler, “Generation of concatenated long high-density plasma channels in air by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(12), 124102 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 16(12), 123046 (2014).
[Crossref]

Houard, A.

S. Akturk, B. Zhou, A. Houard, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Long plasma channels formed by axicon-focused filaments,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 70271E (2008).
[Crossref]

Hristodoulides, D. N.

M. Scheller, M. S. Mills, M. A. Miri, W. Cheng, J. V. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. N. Hristodoulides, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ilan, B.

Jana, K.

J. Papeer, I. Dey, M. Botton, Z. Henis, A. D. Lad, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, K. Jana, S. Tata, S. L. Roy, Y. M. Ved, G. R. Kumar, and A Zigler, “Towards Remote Lightning Manipulation by Meters-long Plasma Channels Generated by Ultra-Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 407 (2019).
[Crossref]

Jhajj, N.

N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, R. Birnbaum, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Demonstration of Long-Lived High-Power Optical Waveguides in Air,” Phys. Rev. X 4(1), 011027 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kapetanakos, C. A.

J. R. Penano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, and C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11(5), 2865–2874 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kasparian, J.

Kolesik, M.

M. Scheller, M. S. Mills, M. A. Miri, W. Cheng, J. V. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. N. Hristodoulides, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Korn, G.

Kumar, G. R.

J. Papeer, I. Dey, M. Botton, Z. Henis, A. D. Lad, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, K. Jana, S. Tata, S. L. Roy, Y. M. Ved, G. R. Kumar, and A Zigler, “Towards Remote Lightning Manipulation by Meters-long Plasma Channels Generated by Ultra-Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 407 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, I. Dey, Z. Henis, M. Botton, Y. Ferber, G. R. Kumar, and A. Zigler, “Uniform lifetime prolongation of a high density plasma channel left in the wake of femtosecond filament,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(7), 074102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lad, A. D.

J. Papeer, I. Dey, M. Botton, Z. Henis, A. D. Lad, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, K. Jana, S. Tata, S. L. Roy, Y. M. Ved, G. R. Kumar, and A Zigler, “Towards Remote Lightning Manipulation by Meters-long Plasma Channels Generated by Ultra-Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 407 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lamouroux, B.

A. Couairon, G. Mechain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments,” Opt. Commun. 225(1-3), 177–192 (2003).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. T.

X. L. Liu, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, L. B. Feng, X. L. Ge, Y. Zheng, Y. T. Li, L. M. Chen, Q. L. Dong, W. M. Wang, Z. H. Wang, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Long lifetime air plasma channel generated by femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Opt. Express 20(6), 5968 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, X. Lu, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ling, W. J.

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, X. Lu, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Liu, X. L.

Lu, X.

X. L. Liu, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, L. B. Feng, X. L. Ge, Y. Zheng, Y. T. Li, L. M. Chen, Q. L. Dong, W. M. Wang, Z. H. Wang, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Long lifetime air plasma channel generated by femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Opt. Express 20(6), 5968 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, X. Lu, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ma, J. L.

Mechain, G.

A. Couairon, G. Mechain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments,” Opt. Commun. 225(1-3), 177–192 (2003).
[Crossref]

Milchberg, H. M.

N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, R. Birnbaum, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Demonstration of Long-Lived High-Power Optical Waveguides in Air,” Phys. Rev. X 4(1), 011027 (2014).
[Crossref]

Milikh, G

Z Henis, G Milikh, K Papadopoulos, and A. Zigler, “Generation of controlled radiation sources in the atmosphere using a dual femtosecond /nanosecond laser pulse,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mills, M. S.

M. Scheller, M. S. Mills, M. A. Miri, W. Cheng, J. V. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. N. Hristodoulides, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Miri, M. A.

M. Scheller, M. S. Mills, M. A. Miri, W. Cheng, J. V. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. N. Hristodoulides, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mitchell, C.

J. Papeer, C. Mitchell, J. Peñano, Y. Ehrlich, P. Sprangle, and A. Zigler, “Microwave diagnostics of femtosecond laser-generated plasma filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 141503 (2011).
[Crossref]

Moloney, J. V.

M. Scheller, M. S. Mills, M. A. Miri, W. Cheng, J. V. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. N. Hristodoulides, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

Mysyrowicz, A

S Tzortzakis, B Prade, M Franco, and A Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 123–127 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mysyrowicz, A.

S. Akturk, B. Zhou, A. Houard, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Long plasma channels formed by axicon-focused filaments,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 70271E (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon, G. Mechain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments,” Opt. Commun. 225(1-3), 177–192 (2003).
[Crossref]

Papadopoulos, K

Z Henis, G Milikh, K Papadopoulos, and A. Zigler, “Generation of controlled radiation sources in the atmosphere using a dual femtosecond /nanosecond laser pulse,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Papeer, J.

J. Papeer, I. Dey, M. Botton, Z. Henis, A. D. Lad, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, K. Jana, S. Tata, S. L. Roy, Y. M. Ved, G. R. Kumar, and A Zigler, “Towards Remote Lightning Manipulation by Meters-long Plasma Channels Generated by Ultra-Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 407 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, I. Dey, Z. Henis, M. Botton, Y. Ferber, G. R. Kumar, and A. Zigler, “Uniform lifetime prolongation of a high density plasma channel left in the wake of femtosecond filament,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(7), 074102 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Corrigendum: Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 089501 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, R. Bruch, E. Dekel, O. Pollak, M. Botton, Z. Henis, and A. Zigler, “Generation of concatenated long high-density plasma channels in air by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(12), 124102 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, G. Fibich, H. H. Sheinfux, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Multi variable control of filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses propagating in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094005 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 16(12), 123046 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, M. Botton, and A. Zigler, “Temporal evolution of femtosecond laser induced plasma filament in air and N2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(24), 244102 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, C. Mitchell, J. Peñano, Y. Ehrlich, P. Sprangle, and A. Zigler, “Microwave diagnostics of femtosecond laser-generated plasma filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 141503 (2011).
[Crossref]

Penano, J. R.

J. R. Penano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, and C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11(5), 2865–2874 (2004).
[Crossref]

Peñano, J.

J. Papeer, C. Mitchell, J. Peñano, Y. Ehrlich, P. Sprangle, and A. Zigler, “Microwave diagnostics of femtosecond laser-generated plasma filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 141503 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Eisenmann, J. Peñano, P. Sprangle, and A. Zigler, “Effect of an Energy Reservoir on the Atmospheric Propagation of Laser-Plasma Filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 155003 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pollak, O.

J. Papeer, R. Bruch, E. Dekel, O. Pollak, M. Botton, Z. Henis, and A. Zigler, “Generation of concatenated long high-density plasma channels in air by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(12), 124102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Polynkin, P.

M. Scheller, M. S. Mills, M. A. Miri, W. Cheng, J. V. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. N. Hristodoulides, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Prade, B

S Tzortzakis, B Prade, M Franco, and A Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 123–127 (2000).
[Crossref]

Prade, B.

A. Couairon, G. Mechain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments,” Opt. Commun. 225(1-3), 177–192 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rosenthal, E. W.

N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, R. Birnbaum, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Demonstration of Long-Lived High-Power Optical Waveguides in Air,” Phys. Rev. X 4(1), 011027 (2014).
[Crossref]

Roy, S. L.

J. Papeer, I. Dey, M. Botton, Z. Henis, A. D. Lad, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, K. Jana, S. Tata, S. L. Roy, Y. M. Ved, G. R. Kumar, and A Zigler, “Towards Remote Lightning Manipulation by Meters-long Plasma Channels Generated by Ultra-Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 407 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sarkar, D.

J. Papeer, I. Dey, M. Botton, Z. Henis, A. D. Lad, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, K. Jana, S. Tata, S. L. Roy, Y. M. Ved, G. R. Kumar, and A Zigler, “Towards Remote Lightning Manipulation by Meters-long Plasma Channels Generated by Ultra-Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 407 (2019).
[Crossref]

Scheller, M.

M. Scheller, M. S. Mills, M. A. Miri, W. Cheng, J. V. Moloney, M. Kolesik, P. Polynkin, and D. N. Hristodoulides, “Externally refuelled optical filaments,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 297–301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shaikh, M.

J. Papeer, I. Dey, M. Botton, Z. Henis, A. D. Lad, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, K. Jana, S. Tata, S. L. Roy, Y. M. Ved, G. R. Kumar, and A Zigler, “Towards Remote Lightning Manipulation by Meters-long Plasma Channels Generated by Ultra-Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 407 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sheinfux, H. H.

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, G. Fibich, H. H. Sheinfux, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Multi variable control of filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses propagating in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094005 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sprangle, P.

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, G. Fibich, H. H. Sheinfux, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Multi variable control of filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses propagating in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094005 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Corrigendum: Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 089501 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 16(12), 123046 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, M. Botton, and A. Zigler, “Temporal evolution of femtosecond laser induced plasma filament in air and N2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(24), 244102 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, C. Mitchell, J. Peñano, Y. Ehrlich, P. Sprangle, and A. Zigler, “Microwave diagnostics of femtosecond laser-generated plasma filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 141503 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Eisenmann, J. Peñano, P. Sprangle, and A. Zigler, “Effect of an Energy Reservoir on the Atmospheric Propagation of Laser-Plasma Filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 155003 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. R. Penano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, and C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11(5), 2865–2874 (2004).
[Crossref]

Squier, J.

Talebpour, A.

N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, A. Talebpour, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond pulse propagation in air: Variational analysis,” Phys. Rev. E: Stat. Phys., Plasmas, Fluids, Relat. Interdiscip. Top. 61(4), 4540–4549 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tata, S.

J. Papeer, I. Dey, M. Botton, Z. Henis, A. D. Lad, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, K. Jana, S. Tata, S. L. Roy, Y. M. Ved, G. R. Kumar, and A Zigler, “Towards Remote Lightning Manipulation by Meters-long Plasma Channels Generated by Ultra-Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 407 (2019).
[Crossref]

Teng, H.

Ting, A.

J. R. Penano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, and C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11(5), 2865–2874 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tzortzakis, S

S Tzortzakis, B Prade, M Franco, and A Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 123–127 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tzortzakis, S.

A. Couairon, G. Mechain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments,” Opt. Commun. 225(1-3), 177–192 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ved, Y. M.

J. Papeer, I. Dey, M. Botton, Z. Henis, A. D. Lad, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, K. Jana, S. Tata, S. L. Roy, Y. M. Ved, G. R. Kumar, and A Zigler, “Towards Remote Lightning Manipulation by Meters-long Plasma Channels Generated by Ultra-Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 407 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wahlstrand, J. K.

N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, R. Birnbaum, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Demonstration of Long-Lived High-Power Optical Waveguides in Air,” Phys. Rev. X 4(1), 011027 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. Y.

X. M. Zhao, J. C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 599–612 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wang, W. M.

Wang, Z. H.

X. L. Liu, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, L. B. Feng, X. L. Ge, Y. Zheng, Y. T. Li, L. M. Chen, Q. L. Dong, W. M. Wang, Z. H. Wang, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Long lifetime air plasma channel generated by femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Opt. Express 20(6), 5968 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, X. Lu, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wei, Z. Y.

X. L. Liu, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, L. B. Feng, X. L. Ge, Y. Zheng, Y. T. Li, L. M. Chen, Q. L. Dong, W. M. Wang, Z. H. Wang, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Long lifetime air plasma channel generated by femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Opt. Express 20(6), 5968 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, X. Lu, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wolf, J. P.

Yuan, X. H.

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, X. Lu, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

X. L. Liu, X. Lu, J. L. Ma, L. B. Feng, X. L. Ge, Y. Zheng, Y. T. Li, L. M. Chen, Q. L. Dong, W. M. Wang, Z. H. Wang, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Long lifetime air plasma channel generated by femtosecond laser pulse sequence,” Opt. Express 20(6), 5968 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, X. Lu, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X. M.

X. M. Zhao, J. C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 599–612 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y.

Zheng, Z. Y.

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, X. Lu, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhou, B.

S. Akturk, B. Zhou, A. Houard, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Long plasma channels formed by axicon-focused filaments,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 70271E (2008).
[Crossref]

Zigler, A

J. Papeer, I. Dey, M. Botton, Z. Henis, A. D. Lad, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, K. Jana, S. Tata, S. L. Roy, Y. M. Ved, G. R. Kumar, and A Zigler, “Towards Remote Lightning Manipulation by Meters-long Plasma Channels Generated by Ultra-Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 407 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zigler, A.

J. Papeer, I. Dey, Z. Henis, M. Botton, Y. Ferber, G. R. Kumar, and A. Zigler, “Uniform lifetime prolongation of a high density plasma channel left in the wake of femtosecond filament,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(7), 074102 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, G. Fibich, H. H. Sheinfux, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Multi variable control of filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses propagating in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094005 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Corrigendum: Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 089501 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, R. Bruch, E. Dekel, O. Pollak, M. Botton, Z. Henis, and A. Zigler, “Generation of concatenated long high-density plasma channels in air by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(12), 124102 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 16(12), 123046 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, M. Botton, and A. Zigler, “Temporal evolution of femtosecond laser induced plasma filament in air and N2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(24), 244102 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, C. Mitchell, J. Peñano, Y. Ehrlich, P. Sprangle, and A. Zigler, “Microwave diagnostics of femtosecond laser-generated plasma filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 141503 (2011).
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S. Eisenmann, J. Peñano, P. Sprangle, and A. Zigler, “Effect of an Energy Reservoir on the Atmospheric Propagation of Laser-Plasma Filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 155003 (2008).
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Z Henis, G Milikh, K Papadopoulos, and A. Zigler, “Generation of controlled radiation sources in the atmosphere using a dual femtosecond /nanosecond laser pulse,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103111 (2008).
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G. Fibich, S. Eisenmann, B. Ilan, and A. Zigler, “Control of multiple filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 29(15), 1772 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, X. Lu, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
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Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

A. Couairon, “Filamentation length of powerful laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 76(7), 789–792 (2003).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

J. Papeer, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, M. Botton, and A. Zigler, “Temporal evolution of femtosecond laser induced plasma filament in air and N2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(24), 244102 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, R. Bruch, E. Dekel, O. Pollak, M. Botton, Z. Henis, and A. Zigler, “Generation of concatenated long high-density plasma channels in air by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(12), 124102 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, I. Dey, Z. Henis, M. Botton, Y. Ferber, G. R. Kumar, and A. Zigler, “Uniform lifetime prolongation of a high density plasma channel left in the wake of femtosecond filament,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 111(7), 074102 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Papeer, C. Mitchell, J. Peñano, Y. Ehrlich, P. Sprangle, and A. Zigler, “Microwave diagnostics of femtosecond laser-generated plasma filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 141503 (2011).
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J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Z Henis, G Milikh, K Papadopoulos, and A. Zigler, “Generation of controlled radiation sources in the atmosphere using a dual femtosecond /nanosecond laser pulse,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103111 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, G. Fibich, H. H. Sheinfux, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Multi variable control of filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses propagating in air,” J. Phys. B: At., Mol. Opt. Phys. 48(9), 094005 (2015).
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Nat. Photonics (1)

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New J. Phys. (2)

J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 16(12), 123046 (2014).
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J. Papeer, M. Botton, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Zigler, and Z. Henis, “Corrigendum: Extended lifetime of high density plasma filament generated by a dual femtosecond–nanosecond laser pulse in air,” New J. Phys. 17(8), 089501 (2015).
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A. Couairon, G. Mechain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments,” Opt. Commun. 225(1-3), 177–192 (2003).
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S. L. Chin, “The Physics and the Challenge of the Propagation of Powerful Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Optical Media,” Phys. Can. 60, 273 (2004).

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J. R. Penano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, and C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11(5), 2865–2874 (2004).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Eisenmann, J. Peñano, P. Sprangle, and A. Zigler, “Effect of an Energy Reservoir on the Atmospheric Propagation of Laser-Plasma Filaments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 155003 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. X (1)

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Sci. Rep. (1)

J. Papeer, I. Dey, M. Botton, Z. Henis, A. D. Lad, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, K. Jana, S. Tata, S. L. Roy, Y. M. Ved, G. R. Kumar, and A Zigler, “Towards Remote Lightning Manipulation by Meters-long Plasma Channels Generated by Ultra-Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 407 (2019).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. A scheme of the experimental setup. L1 and L2 are the lenses of the Ti:Sapphire’s telescope, L2 is the broken lens, di are the distances from L1 to the different parts of the Broken Lens L2,i. L3 and L4 are the lenses of the ND:YAG’s telescope and M is dielectric mirror for narrow band of wavelength around 800 nm.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Plasma density along the Broken Wire filament. The different colors represent the sub-filaments from the different parts of the BL, red for the filament create by L2,1, blue for the filament create by the part of L2,2 and purple for the filament create by the part of L2,3. The shaded region indicates the measurement error.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Plasma lifetime decay from maximal electron density to density of ne=1015 electrons per cm3, in the presence and absence of the 1064 nm heating laser, along the Broken-Wire filament. The different colors represent the different sub-filaments.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Experimental measurements and numerical calculation of the electron density in the plasma, the red and blue curves are experimental measurements of electron density with and without the YAG laser. The red and blue dashed lines are numerical calculations of the electron density in the plasma with and without the YAG laser.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Reactions involved in relaxation model. Temperatures are in electron-Volt unit, T e is the electron temperature and T g is the ionized gas temperature. The rate coefficients are in s−1cm3 and s−1cm6 for 2-body and 3-body reactions (respectively). The neutral molecules density is n N 2 = 2.0032 × 10 19 c m 3 and n O 2 = 0.5008 × 10 19 c m 3 .

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d n e d t = β n e n O 2 + η n e γ n O 4 + n e
d n O 2 + d t = β n e n O 2 + α n O 2 +
d n O 4 + d t = α n O 2 + η n e γ n O 4 + n e
d n O 2 d t = η n e