Abstract

We have experimentally demonstrated a simple and robust method for achieving a narrow-linewidth optical frequency comb (OFC) without an RF signal generator (SG). Our method requires fewer RF components than previous methods. The Allan deviation and integrated RMS phase noise with our method for the in-loop carrier-envelope-offset-frequency signal are 3.3×10−16/τ and 0.35 rad at an integration bandwidth from 1 Hz to 5 MHz, respectively, where τ is the averaging time. Our method could become very useful when RF SG stability becomes a bottleneck to improving OFC stability.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
  22. H. Leopardi, J. Davila-Rodriguez, F. Quinlan, J. Olson, J. A. Sherman, S. A. Diddams, and T. M. Fortier, “Single-branch Er:fiber frequency comb for precision optical metrology with 10−18 fractional instability,” Optica 4(8), 879–885 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. Rolland, P. Li, N. Kuse, J. Jiang, M. Cassinerio, C. Langrock, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-broadband dual-branch optical frequency comb with 10−18 instability,” Optica 5(9), 1070–1077 (2018).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

H. Inaba, S. Okubo, and M. Wada, “Frequency Stability Improvements and Evaluations of Optical Frequency Comb,” The Review of Laser Engineering 46, 61–66 (2018) (in Japanese).

A. Rolland, P. Li, N. Kuse, J. Jiang, M. Cassinerio, C. Langrock, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-broadband dual-branch optical frequency comb with 10−18 instability,” Optica 5(9), 1070–1077 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (6)

D. G. Matei, T. Legero, S. Hafner, C. Grebing, R. Weyrich, W. Zhang, L. Sonderhouse, J. M. Robinson, J. Ye, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “1.5 µm Lasers with Sub-10 mHz Linewidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(26), 263202 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Ohmae, N. Kuse, M. E. Fermann, and H. Katori, “All-polarization-maintaining, single-port Er: fiber comb for high-stability comparison of optical lattice clocks,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(6), 062503 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Leopardi, J. Davila-Rodriguez, F. Quinlan, J. Olson, J. A. Sherman, S. A. Diddams, and T. M. Fortier, “Single-branch Er:fiber frequency comb for precision optical metrology with 10−18 fractional instability,” Optica 4(8), 879–885 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Riehle, “Optical clock networks,” Nat. Photonics 11(1), 25–31 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Higuchi, C. Heide, K. Ullmann, H. B. Weber, and P. Hommelhoff, “Light-field-driven currents in graphene,” Nature 550(7675), 224–228 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

H. Yang, X. Wu, H. Zhang, S. Zhao, L. Yang, H. Wei, and Y. Li, “Optically stabilized Erbium fiber frequency comb with hybrid mode-locking and a broad tunable range of repetition rate,” Appl. Opt. 55(34), D29–D34 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

S. Okubo, K. Iwakuni, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, A. Onae, H. Sasada, and F. L. Hong, “Ultra-broadband dual-comb spectroscopy across 1.0-1.9 µm,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(8), 082402 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Wu, L. Yang, H. Zhang, H. Yang, H. Wei, and Y. Li, “Hybrid mode-locked Er-fiber oscillator with a wide repetition rate stabilization range,” Appl. Opt. 54(7), 1681–1687 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Okubo, A. Onae, K. Hosaka, H. Sera, H. Inaba, and F. L. Hong, “Novel phase-locking schemes for the carrier envelope offset frequency of an optical frequency comb,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(11), 112402 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Raman spectro-imaging with laser frequency combs,” Nature 502(7471), 355–358 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

T. Wilken, G. Lo Curto, R. A. Probst, T. Steinmetz, A. Manescau, L. Pasquini, J. I. G. Hernández, R. Rebolo, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, and R. Holzwarth, “A spectrograph for exoplanet observations calibrated at the centimetre-per-second level,” Nature 485(7400), 611–614 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Ishizawa, T. Nishikawa, S. Aozasa, A. Mori, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, and H. Nakano, “Demonstration of carrier envelope offset locking with low pulse energy,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4706–4712 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2000 (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D-1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

Akatsuka, T.

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Al-Masoudi, A.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Amy-Klein, A.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Aozasa, S.

Araujo-Hauck, C.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Asobe, M.

Baumann, E.

Baynes, F. N.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bernhardt, B.

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Raman spectro-imaging with laser frequency combs,” Nature 502(7471), 355–358 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bilicki, S.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bookjans, E.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bowden, W.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cassinerio, M.

Coddington, I.

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

D’Odorico, S.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Davila-Rodriguez, J.

Delva, P.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Diddams, S. A.

H. Leopardi, J. Davila-Rodriguez, F. Quinlan, J. Olson, J. A. Sherman, S. A. Diddams, and T. M. Fortier, “Single-branch Er:fiber frequency comb for precision optical metrology with 10−18 fractional instability,” Optica 4(8), 879–885 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

Dorscher, S.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M. E.

A. Rolland, P. Li, N. Kuse, J. Jiang, M. Cassinerio, C. Langrock, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-broadband dual-branch optical frequency comb with 10−18 instability,” Optica 5(9), 1070–1077 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Ohmae, N. Kuse, M. E. Fermann, and H. Katori, “All-polarization-maintaining, single-port Er: fiber comb for high-stability comparison of optical lattice clocks,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(6), 062503 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fortier, T. M.

Gill, P.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Giorgetta, F. R.

Grebing, C.

D. G. Matei, T. Legero, S. Hafner, C. Grebing, R. Weyrich, W. Zhang, L. Sonderhouse, J. M. Robinson, J. Ye, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “1.5 µm Lasers with Sub-10 mHz Linewidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(26), 263202 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Grosche, G.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Guelachvili, G.

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Raman spectro-imaging with laser frequency combs,” Nature 502(7471), 355–358 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guerlin, C.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hafner, S.

D. G. Matei, T. Legero, S. Hafner, C. Grebing, R. Weyrich, W. Zhang, L. Sonderhouse, J. M. Robinson, J. Ye, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “1.5 µm Lasers with Sub-10 mHz Linewidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(26), 263202 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Raman spectro-imaging with laser frequency combs,” Nature 502(7471), 355–358 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Wilken, G. Lo Curto, R. A. Probst, T. Steinmetz, A. Manescau, L. Pasquini, J. I. G. Hernández, R. Rebolo, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, and R. Holzwarth, “A spectrograph for exoplanet observations calibrated at the centimetre-per-second level,” Nature 485(7400), 611–614 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D-1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

Heide, C.

T. Higuchi, C. Heide, K. Ullmann, H. B. Weber, and P. Hommelhoff, “Light-field-driven currents in graphene,” Nature 550(7675), 224–228 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hernández, J. I. G.

T. Wilken, G. Lo Curto, R. A. Probst, T. Steinmetz, A. Manescau, L. Pasquini, J. I. G. Hernández, R. Rebolo, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, and R. Holzwarth, “A spectrograph for exoplanet observations calibrated at the centimetre-per-second level,” Nature 485(7400), 611–614 (2012).
[Crossref]

Higuchi, T.

T. Higuchi, C. Heide, K. Ullmann, H. B. Weber, and P. Hommelhoff, “Light-field-driven currents in graphene,” Nature 550(7675), 224–228 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hill, I. R.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hobson, R.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Holzner, S.

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Raman spectro-imaging with laser frequency combs,” Nature 502(7471), 355–358 (2013).
[Crossref]

Holzwarth, R.

T. Wilken, G. Lo Curto, R. A. Probst, T. Steinmetz, A. Manescau, L. Pasquini, J. I. G. Hernández, R. Rebolo, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, and R. Holzwarth, “A spectrograph for exoplanet observations calibrated at the centimetre-per-second level,” Nature 485(7400), 611–614 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D-1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hommelhoff, P.

T. Higuchi, C. Heide, K. Ullmann, H. B. Weber, and P. Hommelhoff, “Light-field-driven currents in graphene,” Nature 550(7675), 224–228 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hong, F. L.

S. Okubo, A. Onae, K. Hosaka, H. Sera, H. Inaba, and F. L. Hong, “Novel phase-locking schemes for the carrier envelope offset frequency of an optical frequency comb,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(11), 112402 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Okubo, K. Iwakuni, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, A. Onae, H. Sasada, and F. L. Hong, “Ultra-broadband dual-comb spectroscopy across 1.0-1.9 µm,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(8), 082402 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, S. Kawato, T. Kobayashi, T. Katsuyama, and F. L. Hong, “A multi-branch, fiber-based frequency comb with millihertz-level relative linewidths using an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1667–1676 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hosaka, K.

S. Okubo, K. Iwakuni, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, A. Onae, H. Sasada, and F. L. Hong, “Ultra-broadband dual-comb spectroscopy across 1.0-1.9 µm,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(8), 082402 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Okubo, A. Onae, K. Hosaka, H. Sera, H. Inaba, and F. L. Hong, “Novel phase-locking schemes for the carrier envelope offset frequency of an optical frequency comb,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(11), 112402 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, S. Kawato, T. Kobayashi, T. Katsuyama, and F. L. Hong, “A multi-branch, fiber-based frequency comb with millihertz-level relative linewidths using an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1667–1676 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ideguchi, T.

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Raman spectro-imaging with laser frequency combs,” Nature 502(7471), 355–358 (2013).
[Crossref]

Inaba, H.

H. Inaba, S. Okubo, and M. Wada, “Frequency Stability Improvements and Evaluations of Optical Frequency Comb,” The Review of Laser Engineering 46, 61–66 (2018) (in Japanese).

S. Okubo, A. Onae, K. Hosaka, H. Sera, H. Inaba, and F. L. Hong, “Novel phase-locking schemes for the carrier envelope offset frequency of an optical frequency comb,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(11), 112402 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Okubo, K. Iwakuni, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, A. Onae, H. Sasada, and F. L. Hong, “Ultra-broadband dual-comb spectroscopy across 1.0-1.9 µm,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(8), 082402 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, S. Kawato, T. Kobayashi, T. Katsuyama, and F. L. Hong, “A multi-branch, fiber-based frequency comb with millihertz-level relative linewidths using an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1667–1676 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ippen, E. P.

Ishizawa, A.

Iwakuni, K.

S. Okubo, K. Iwakuni, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, A. Onae, H. Sasada, and F. L. Hong, “Ultra-broadband dual-comb spectroscopy across 1.0-1.9 µm,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(8), 082402 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, J.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

Katori, H.

N. Ohmae, N. Kuse, M. E. Fermann, and H. Katori, “All-polarization-maintaining, single-port Er: fiber comb for high-stability comparison of optical lattice clocks,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(6), 062503 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Katsuyama, T.

Kawato, S.

Kentischer, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, T.

Kohno, T.

Kronjager, J.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kuhl, A.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kuroishi, Y.

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kuse, N.

A. Rolland, P. Li, N. Kuse, J. Jiang, M. Cassinerio, C. Langrock, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-broadband dual-branch optical frequency comb with 10−18 instability,” Optica 5(9), 1070–1077 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Ohmae, N. Kuse, M. E. Fermann, and H. Katori, “All-polarization-maintaining, single-port Er: fiber comb for high-stability comparison of optical lattice clocks,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(6), 062503 (2017).
[Crossref]

Langrock, C.

Le Poncin-Lafitte, C.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Le Targat, R.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, W. K.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Legero, T.

D. G. Matei, T. Legero, S. Hafner, C. Grebing, R. Weyrich, W. Zhang, L. Sonderhouse, J. M. Robinson, J. Ye, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “1.5 µm Lasers with Sub-10 mHz Linewidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(26), 263202 (2017).
[Crossref]

Leopardi, H.

Li, P.

Li, Y.

Lisdat, C.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lo Curto, G.

T. Wilken, G. Lo Curto, R. A. Probst, T. Steinmetz, A. Manescau, L. Pasquini, J. I. G. Hernández, R. Rebolo, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, and R. Holzwarth, “A spectrograph for exoplanet observations calibrated at the centimetre-per-second level,” Nature 485(7400), 611–614 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lodewyck, J.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lopez, O.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Manescau, A.

T. Wilken, G. Lo Curto, R. A. Probst, T. Steinmetz, A. Manescau, L. Pasquini, J. I. G. Hernández, R. Rebolo, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, and R. Holzwarth, “A spectrograph for exoplanet observations calibrated at the centimetre-per-second level,” Nature 485(7400), 611–614 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Margolis, H. S.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Marra, G.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Matei, D. G.

D. G. Matei, T. Legero, S. Hafner, C. Grebing, R. Weyrich, W. Zhang, L. Sonderhouse, J. M. Robinson, J. Ye, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “1.5 µm Lasers with Sub-10 mHz Linewidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(26), 263202 (2017).
[Crossref]

Meynadier, F.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Minoshima, K.

Miyahara, B.

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mori, A.

Munekane, H.

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Murphy, M. T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nakajima, Y.

Nakano, H.

Nelson, L. E.

Newbury, N. R.

Nicholson, J. W.

Nishikawa, T.

Ohmae, N.

N. Ohmae, N. Kuse, M. E. Fermann, and H. Katori, “All-polarization-maintaining, single-port Er: fiber comb for high-stability comparison of optical lattice clocks,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(6), 062503 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Okubo, S.

H. Inaba, S. Okubo, and M. Wada, “Frequency Stability Improvements and Evaluations of Optical Frequency Comb,” The Review of Laser Engineering 46, 61–66 (2018) (in Japanese).

S. Okubo, K. Iwakuni, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, A. Onae, H. Sasada, and F. L. Hong, “Ultra-broadband dual-comb spectroscopy across 1.0-1.9 µm,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(8), 082402 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Okubo, A. Onae, K. Hosaka, H. Sera, H. Inaba, and F. L. Hong, “Novel phase-locking schemes for the carrier envelope offset frequency of an optical frequency comb,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(11), 112402 (2015).
[Crossref]

Olson, J.

Onae, A.

S. Okubo, A. Onae, K. Hosaka, H. Sera, H. Inaba, and F. L. Hong, “Novel phase-locking schemes for the carrier envelope offset frequency of an optical frequency comb,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(11), 112402 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Okubo, K. Iwakuni, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, A. Onae, H. Sasada, and F. L. Hong, “Ultra-broadband dual-comb spectroscopy across 1.0-1.9 µm,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(8), 082402 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, S. Kawato, T. Kobayashi, T. Katsuyama, and F. L. Hong, “A multi-branch, fiber-based frequency comb with millihertz-level relative linewidths using an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1667–1676 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pasquini, L.

T. Wilken, G. Lo Curto, R. A. Probst, T. Steinmetz, A. Manescau, L. Pasquini, J. I. G. Hernández, R. Rebolo, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, and R. Holzwarth, “A spectrograph for exoplanet observations calibrated at the centimetre-per-second level,” Nature 485(7400), 611–614 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Picqué, N.

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Raman spectro-imaging with laser frequency combs,” Nature 502(7471), 355–358 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pottie, P. E.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Probst, R. A.

T. Wilken, G. Lo Curto, R. A. Probst, T. Steinmetz, A. Manescau, L. Pasquini, J. I. G. Hernández, R. Rebolo, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, and R. Holzwarth, “A spectrograph for exoplanet observations calibrated at the centimetre-per-second level,” Nature 485(7400), 611–614 (2012).
[Crossref]

Quinlan, F.

Quintin, N.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

Raupach, S.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rebolo, R.

T. Wilken, G. Lo Curto, R. A. Probst, T. Steinmetz, A. Manescau, L. Pasquini, J. I. G. Hernández, R. Rebolo, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, and R. Holzwarth, “A spectrograph for exoplanet observations calibrated at the centimetre-per-second level,” Nature 485(7400), 611–614 (2012).
[Crossref]

Reichert, J.

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D-1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[Crossref]

Riehle, F.

F. Riehle, “Optical clock networks,” Nat. Photonics 11(1), 25–31 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. G. Matei, T. Legero, S. Hafner, C. Grebing, R. Weyrich, W. Zhang, L. Sonderhouse, J. M. Robinson, J. Ye, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “1.5 µm Lasers with Sub-10 mHz Linewidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(26), 263202 (2017).
[Crossref]

Robinson, J. M.

D. G. Matei, T. Legero, S. Hafner, C. Grebing, R. Weyrich, W. Zhang, L. Sonderhouse, J. M. Robinson, J. Ye, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “1.5 µm Lasers with Sub-10 mHz Linewidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(26), 263202 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rolland, A.

A. Rolland, P. Li, N. Kuse, J. Jiang, M. Cassinerio, C. Langrock, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-broadband dual-branch optical frequency comb with 10−18 instability,” Optica 5(9), 1070–1077 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sasada, H.

S. Okubo, K. Iwakuni, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, A. Onae, H. Sasada, and F. L. Hong, “Ultra-broadband dual-comb spectroscopy across 1.0-1.9 µm,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(8), 082402 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, W.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sera, H.

S. Okubo, A. Onae, K. Hosaka, H. Sera, H. Inaba, and F. L. Hong, “Novel phase-locking schemes for the carrier envelope offset frequency of an optical frequency comb,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(11), 112402 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sherman, J. A.

Sonderhouse, L.

D. G. Matei, T. Legero, S. Hafner, C. Grebing, R. Weyrich, W. Zhang, L. Sonderhouse, J. M. Robinson, J. Ye, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “1.5 µm Lasers with Sub-10 mHz Linewidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(26), 263202 (2017).
[Crossref]

Steinmetz, T.

T. Wilken, G. Lo Curto, R. A. Probst, T. Steinmetz, A. Manescau, L. Pasquini, J. I. G. Hernández, R. Rebolo, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, and R. Holzwarth, “A spectrograph for exoplanet observations calibrated at the centimetre-per-second level,” Nature 485(7400), 611–614 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sterr, U.

D. G. Matei, T. Legero, S. Hafner, C. Grebing, R. Weyrich, W. Zhang, L. Sonderhouse, J. M. Robinson, J. Ye, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “1.5 µm Lasers with Sub-10 mHz Linewidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(26), 263202 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Swann, W. C.

Tadanaga, O.

Takamoto, M.

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Takano, T.

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tamura, K.

Udem, T.

T. Wilken, G. Lo Curto, R. A. Probst, T. Steinmetz, A. Manescau, L. Pasquini, J. I. G. Hernández, R. Rebolo, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, and R. Holzwarth, “A spectrograph for exoplanet observations calibrated at the centimetre-per-second level,” Nature 485(7400), 611–614 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D-1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ullmann, K.

T. Higuchi, C. Heide, K. Ullmann, H. B. Weber, and P. Hommelhoff, “Light-field-driven currents in graphene,” Nature 550(7675), 224–228 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ushijima, I.

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Vallet, G.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wada, M.

H. Inaba, S. Okubo, and M. Wada, “Frequency Stability Improvements and Evaluations of Optical Frequency Comb,” The Review of Laser Engineering 46, 61–66 (2018) (in Japanese).

Weber, H. B.

T. Higuchi, C. Heide, K. Ullmann, H. B. Weber, and P. Hommelhoff, “Light-field-driven currents in graphene,” Nature 550(7675), 224–228 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wei, H.

Weyrich, R.

D. G. Matei, T. Legero, S. Hafner, C. Grebing, R. Weyrich, W. Zhang, L. Sonderhouse, J. M. Robinson, J. Ye, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “1.5 µm Lasers with Sub-10 mHz Linewidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(26), 263202 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wilken, T.

T. Wilken, G. Lo Curto, R. A. Probst, T. Steinmetz, A. Manescau, L. Pasquini, J. I. G. Hernández, R. Rebolo, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, and R. Holzwarth, “A spectrograph for exoplanet observations calibrated at the centimetre-per-second level,” Nature 485(7400), 611–614 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

Yamaguchi, A.

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

Yang, L.

Yasuda, M.

Ye, J.

D. G. Matei, T. Legero, S. Hafner, C. Grebing, R. Weyrich, W. Zhang, L. Sonderhouse, J. M. Robinson, J. Ye, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “1.5 µm Lasers with Sub-10 mHz Linewidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(26), 263202 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, W.

D. G. Matei, T. Legero, S. Hafner, C. Grebing, R. Weyrich, W. Zhang, L. Sonderhouse, J. M. Robinson, J. Ye, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “1.5 µm Lasers with Sub-10 mHz Linewidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(26), 263202 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, S.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Express (3)

S. Okubo, A. Onae, K. Hosaka, H. Sera, H. Inaba, and F. L. Hong, “Novel phase-locking schemes for the carrier envelope offset frequency of an optical frequency comb,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(11), 112402 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Okubo, K. Iwakuni, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, A. Onae, H. Sasada, and F. L. Hong, “Ultra-broadband dual-comb spectroscopy across 1.0-1.9 µm,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(8), 082402 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Ohmae, N. Kuse, M. E. Fermann, and H. Katori, “All-polarization-maintaining, single-port Er: fiber comb for high-stability comparison of optical lattice clocks,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(6), 062503 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (2)

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Riehle, “Optical clock networks,” Nat. Photonics 11(1), 25–31 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nature (3)

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Raman spectro-imaging with laser frequency combs,” Nature 502(7471), 355–358 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Higuchi, C. Heide, K. Ullmann, H. B. Weber, and P. Hommelhoff, “Light-field-driven currents in graphene,” Nature 550(7675), 224–228 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Wilken, G. Lo Curto, R. A. Probst, T. Steinmetz, A. Manescau, L. Pasquini, J. I. G. Hernández, R. Rebolo, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, and R. Holzwarth, “A spectrograph for exoplanet observations calibrated at the centimetre-per-second level,” Nature 485(7400), 611–614 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optica (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

D. G. Matei, T. Legero, S. Hafner, C. Grebing, R. Weyrich, W. Zhang, L. Sonderhouse, J. M. Robinson, J. Ye, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “1.5 µm Lasers with Sub-10 mHz Linewidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(26), 263202 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D-1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[Crossref]

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P. E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dorscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjager, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of Special Relativity Using a Fiber Network of Optical Clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

The Review of Laser Engineering (1)

H. Inaba, S. Okubo, and M. Wada, “Frequency Stability Improvements and Evaluations of Optical Frequency Comb,” The Review of Laser Engineering 46, 61–66 (2018) (in Japanese).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental setup. PD: photodetector. DBM: double balanced mixer. EOM: electro-optic-modulator. PZT: piezoelectric transducer. TEC: thermoelectric controller.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Phase noise of in-loop fceo with and without an RF SG for the reference signal. (b) RF spectrum of in-loop fceo without an RF SG. The resolution and video bandwidth are 3 kHz and 300 Hz, respectively. (c) Frequency of in-loop fceo stabilized to frep/10 without an RF SG for 30,000 s. (d) Allan deviation of in-loop fceo locked to frep/5, frep/10, and the RF SG signal.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Phase noise of in-loop fbeat with and without an RF SG for the reference signal. (b) RF spectrum of in-loop fbeat without an RF SG. The resolution and video bandwidth are 30 kHz and 300 Hz, respectively. The inset shows a detailed frequency zoom at around the carrier frequency. (c) Frequency of in-loop fbeat stabilized at frep/10 without the RF SG for 30,000 s. (d) Allan deviation of in-loop fbeat locked to frep/10 instead of to the RF SG signal and of that locked to the RF SG signal.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Factors limiting OFC stability [19]

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

fbeat=fnfstable=(n×frep+fceo)fstable=(n×frep±frepm)fstable=±frep/m
fstable=n×frep

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