Abstract

Compression of low energy ultrashort laser pulses using a hollow core fiber (HCF) filled with 1-1 difluoroethane (C2H4F2), also known as R152a, is demonstrated. A 45 fs, 16 µJ Ti:Sapphire laser pulse is spectrally broadened in an HCF filled with R152a and subsequently compressed to ∼9 fs with ∼6 µJ pulse energy, which corresponds to a fivefold compression. This affordable and easily accessible gas is promising to compress new generation high average power lasers in conjunction with a flexible HCF setup. Additionally, the influence of the group velocity to the spectral broadening dispersion and its pressure dependence was numerically simulated. At pressures higher than 2.5 bar, the spectral broadening is affected by an interplay between two effects: while it is promoted by a denser gas medium leading to higher nonlinearity, it is hampered at the same time by the lower intensity resulting from the pulse stretching, which causes an overall limitation at higher pressures.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (3)

2017 (2)

2016 (9)

J. Schulte, T. Sartorius, J. Weitenberg, A. Vernaleken, and P. Russbueldt, “Nonlinear pulse compression in a multi-pass cell,” Opt. Lett. 41(19), 4511 (2016).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

M. Lucchini, S. A. Sato, A. Ludwig, J. Herrmann, M. Volkov, L. Kasmi, Y. Shinohara, K. Yabana, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Attosecond dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in polycrystalline diamond,” Science 353(6302), 916–919 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Mashiko, K. Oguri, T. Yamaguchi, A. Suda, and H. Gotoh, “Petahertz optical drive with wide-bandgap semiconductor,” Nat. Phys. 12(8), 741–745 (2016).
[Crossref]

O. Kwon and D. Kim, “PHz current switching in calcium fluoride single crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(19), 191112 (2016).
[Crossref]

O. Kwon, T. Paasch-Colberg, V. Apalkov, B.-K. Kim, J.-J. Kim, M. I. Stockman, and D. Kim, “Semimetallization of dielectrics in strong optical fields,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21272 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Paasch-Colberg, S. Y. Kruchinin, Ö. Sağlam, S. Kapser, S. Cabrini, S. Muehlbrandt, J. Reichert, J. V. Barth, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, N. Karpowicz, and A. Schiffrin, “Sub-cycle optical control of current in a semiconductor: from the multiphoton to the tunneling regime,” Optica 3(12), 1358 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Seidel, G. Arisholm, J. Brons, V. Pervak, and O. Pronin, “All solid-state spectral broadening: an average and peak power scalable method for compression of ultrashort pulses,” Opt. Express 24(9), 9412 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Lindberg, P. Zeil, M. Malmström, F. Laurell, and V. Pasiskevicius, “Accurate modeling of high-repetition rate ultrashort pulse amplification in optical fibers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 34742 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

V. Cardin, N. Thiré, S. Beaulieu, V. Wanie, F. Légaré, and B. E. Schmidt, “0.42 TW 2-cycle pulses at 1.8 µ m via hollow-core fiber compression,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(18), 181101 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Mak, M. Seidel, O. Pronin, M. Frosz, A. Abdolvand, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, J. Travers, and P. S. J. Russell, “Compressing µJ-level pulses from 250 fs to sub-10 fs at 38-MHz repetition rate using two gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber stages,” Opt. Lett. 40(7), 1238 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, O. Schubert, M. Knorr, U. Huttner, S. W. Koch, M. Kira, and R. Huber, “Real-time observation of interfering crystal electrons in high-harmonic generation,” Nature 523(7562), 572–575 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. T. Luu, M. Garg, S. Y. Kruchinin, A. Moulet, M. T. Hassan, and E. Goulielmakis, “Extreme ultraviolet high-harmonic spectroscopy of solids,” Nature 521(7553), 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (7)

T. Paasch-Colberg, A. Schiffrin, N. Karpowicz, S. Kruchinin, Ö. Sağlam, S. Keiber, O. Razskazovskaya, S. Mühlbrandt, A. Alnaser, M. Kübel, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, J. Reichert, T. Wittmann, J. V. Barth, M. I. Stockman, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Solid-state light-phase detector,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 214–218 (2014).
[Crossref]

O. Schubert, M. Hohenleutner, F. Langer, B. Urbanek, C. Lange, U. Huttner, D. Golde, T. Meier, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle control of terahertz high-harmonic generation by dynamical Bloch oscillations,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 119–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Sugioka and Y. Cheng, “Ultrafast lasers—reliable tools for advanced materials processing,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3(4), e149 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Shambhu, N. Georges, D. D. Anthony, S. Emily, I. S. Mark, A. Pierre, F. D. Louis, and A. R. David, “Strong-field and attosecond physics in solids,” J. Phys. B. 47(20), 204030 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Schultze, K. Ramasesha, C. D. Pemmaraju, S. A. Sato, D. Whitmore, A. Gandman, J. S. Prell, L. J. Borja, D. Prendergast, K. Yabana, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Attosecond band-gap dynamics in silicon,” Science 346(6215), 1348–1352 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Hoffmann, M. Zürch, M. Gräfe, and C. Spielmann, “Spectral broadening and compression of sub-millijoule laser pulses in hollow-core fibers filled with sulfur hexafluoride,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12038 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Li, K. Rishad, P. Horak, Y. Matsuura, and D. Faccio, “Spectral broadening and temporal compression of∼ 100 fs pulses in air-filled hollow core capillary fibers,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1143 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (3)

M. Schultze, E. M. Bothschafter, A. Sommer, S. Holzner, W. Schweinberger, M. Fiess, M. Hofstetter, R. Kienberger, V. Apalkov, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Controlling dielectrics with the electric field of light,” Nature 493(7430), 75–78 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Zaks, R. B. Liu, and M. S. Sherwin, “Experimental observation of electron–hole recollisions,” Nature 483(7391), 580–583 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature 493(7430), 70–74 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Redshift in the Optical Absorption of ZnO Single Crystals in the Presence of an Intense Midinfrared Laser Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 167407 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Observation of high-order harmonic generation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Phys. 7(2), 138–141 (2011).
[Crossref]

O. Heckl, C. Saraceno, C. Baer, T. Südmeyer, Y. Wang, Y. Cheng, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “Temporal pulse compression in a xenon-filled Kagome-type hollow-core photonic crystal fiber at high average power,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19142 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, P. Lassonde, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, and F. Légaré, “CEP stable 1.6 cycle laser pulses at 1.8 µm,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6858 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

B. E. Schmidt, P. Béjot, M. Giguère, A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, É. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D. M. Villeneuve, and J.-C. Kieffer, “Compression of 1.8 µ m laser pulses to sub two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121109 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Bree, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Method for Computing the Nonlinear Refractive Index via Keldysh Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(4), 433–437 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. W. Kang, A. R. Kim, and J. S. Lim, “High pressure isothermal vapor-liquid equilibria of carbon dioxide + 1,1-difluoroethane,” Korean J. Chem. Eng. 27(1), 261–266 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

T. Südmeyer, S. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Börzsönyi, Z. Heiner, M. Kalashnikov, A. Kovács, and K. Osvay, “Dispersion measurement of inert gases and gas mixtures at 800 nm,” Appl. Opt. 47(27), 4856 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

M. Nisoli, S. D. Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(20), 2793–2795 (1996).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

1985 (1)

T. Heinis, R. Bär, K. Börlin, and M. Jungen, “Photoionization mass spectrometry of 1,1-difluoroethane,” J. Chem. Phys. 94(1-2), 235–245 (1985).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

Abdolvand, A.

Agostini, P.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Observation of high-order harmonic generation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Phys. 7(2), 138–141 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Redshift in the Optical Absorption of ZnO Single Crystals in the Presence of an Intense Midinfrared Laser Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 167407 (2011).
[Crossref]

Alnaser, A.

T. Paasch-Colberg, A. Schiffrin, N. Karpowicz, S. Kruchinin, Ö. Sağlam, S. Keiber, O. Razskazovskaya, S. Mühlbrandt, A. Alnaser, M. Kübel, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, J. Reichert, T. Wittmann, J. V. Barth, M. I. Stockman, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Solid-state light-phase detector,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 214–218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Anis, H.

Anthony, D. D.

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[Crossref]

C. Li, K. Rishad, P. Horak, Y. Matsuura, and D. Faccio, “Spectral broadening and temporal compression of∼ 100 fs pulses in air-filled hollow core capillary fibers,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1143 (2014).
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A. Hoffmann, M. Zürch, M. Gräfe, and C. Spielmann, “Spectral broadening and compression of sub-millijoule laser pulses in hollow-core fibers filled with sulfur hexafluoride,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12038 (2014).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

L. Lavenu, M. Natile, F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “High-energy few-cycle Yb-doped fiber amplifier source based on a single nonlinear compression stage,” Opt. Express 25(7), 7530 (2017).
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Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Redshift in the Optical Absorption of ZnO Single Crystals in the Presence of an Intense Midinfrared Laser Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 167407 (2011).
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P. Bolton, K. Parodi, and J. Schreiber, Applications of Laser-driven Particle Acceleration (CRC Press, 2018).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental setup for the compression of low energy pulse.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) spectra for different pressures of R152a at 16 µJ input energy. All spectra are normalized to unity and dispersed vertically for discernibility. (b) Transform-limited pulse duration ${\tau _{\textrm{TL}}}$ (black, left axis) and the spectral bandwidth ${\Delta }\omega $ (red, right axis) versus pressure obtained from the measured (black squares) and simulated (red squares) spectra for varying pressure.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Characterization of dispersion-compensated pulses using SHG-FROG. Input energy is 16 µJ and the HCF is filled with R152a at 3.0 bar. (a) Measured and (b) reconstructed spectrogram; Retrieved intensity and phase in the (c) time and (d) spectral domain.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) The transform-limited pulse duration ${\tau _{\textrm{TL}}}$ (solid symbols, axis below the break) and pulse duration before dispersion compensation ${\tau _{\textrm{chirped}}}$ (hollow symbols, axis above the break) derived from the experiment (black squares), simulated with dispersion being considered (red circles) and simulations with dispersion being disregarded (blue diamonds) as a function of pressure and (b) numerical simulations of the temporal and spectral evolution along the propagation in the fiber of an input pulse at 4.0 bar. Black thick solid lines depict 1/e2 of the temporal and spectral profile with respect to the propagation length.

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