Abstract

Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped crystal operates at an elevated temperature during 1.55 μm laser oscillation because a large amount of pump power is converted to heat. The σ-polarized absorption spectra around 976 nm, σ-polarized fluorescence spectra around 1.55 μm, and the fluorescence decay curves of the 4I13/2 multiplet of a c-cut Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystal were measured and analyzed at temperatures between 300–800 K. When the temperature was increased from 300 to 800 K, the σ-polarized absorption cross-section at 976 nm, σ-polarized stimulated emission cross-section at 1523 nm, and fluorescence lifetime of the 4I13/2 multiplet decreased from 2.67×10−20 cm2, 1.51×10−20 cm2, and 330 μs to 1.26×10−20 cm2, 0.73×10−20 cm2, and 247 μs, respectively, while the full width at half the maximum of the absorption band around 976 nm increased from 18 to 35 nm. The results demonstrate that the 1.55 μm laser performance of the crystal may change strongly with the temperature in the crystal.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
  3. T. Y. Fan, “Heat generation in Nd:YAG and Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(6), 1457–1459 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2-3), 269–288 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  5. R. Francini, F. Giovenale, U. Grassano, P. Lporta, and S. Taccheo, “Spectroscopy of Er and Er–Yb-doped phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 13(4), 417–425 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  6. N. A. Tolstik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 —efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 357–362 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  7. I. Foldvari, E. Beregi, A. Munoz F, R. Sosa, and V. Horvath, “The energy levels of Er3+ ion in yttrium aluminum borate (YAB) single crystals,” Opt. Mater. 19(2), 241–244 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  8. N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  18. R. Vázquez, R. Osellame, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, and E. Diéguez, “Er3+ doped YAl3(BO3)4 single crystals: determination of the refractive indices,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 231–233 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  19. S. K. Filatov, “General concept of increasing crystal symmetry with an increase in temperature,” Crystallogr. Rep. 56(6), 953–961 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  20. R. Reisfeld and Y. Eckstein, “Dependence of spontaneous emission and nonradiative relaxations of Tm3+ and Er3+ on glass host and temperature,” J. Chem. Phys. 63(9), 4001–4012 (1975).
    [Crossref]

2019 (1)

2017 (1)

2013 (1)

2011 (1)

S. K. Filatov, “General concept of increasing crystal symmetry with an increase in temperature,” Crystallogr. Rep. 56(6), 953–961 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

J. Mlynczak, K. Kopczynski, and Z. Mierczyk, “Wavelength tuning in Er3+,Yb3+:glass microchip lasers,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 17(1), 84–88 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 —efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 357–362 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

M. Eichhorn, “Quasi-three-level solid-state lasers in the near and mid infrared based on trivalent rare earth ions,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2-3), 269–316 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (4)

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, A. M. Balbashov, J. E. Hellstrom, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Yb3+,Er3+:YAG at high temperature: Energy transfer and spectroscopic properties,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 142–147 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, O. V. Pilipenko, E. V. Koporulina, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Efficient 1 W continuous-wave diode-pumped Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3233–3235 (2007).
[Crossref]

W. You, Y. Lin, Y. Chen, Z. Luo, and Y. Huang, “Polarized Spectroscopy of Er3+ ions in YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 29(5), 488–493 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

R. Vázquez, R. Osellame, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, and E. Diéguez, “Er3+ doped YAl3(BO3)4 single crystals: determination of the refractive indices,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 231–233 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

M. Pujol, M. Bursukova, F. Guell, X. Mateos, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65(16), 165121 (2002).
[Crossref]

I. Foldvari, E. Beregi, A. Munoz F, R. Sosa, and V. Horvath, “The energy levels of Er3+ ion in yttrium aluminum borate (YAB) single crystals,” Opt. Mater. 19(2), 241–244 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

R. Francini, F. Giovenale, U. Grassano, P. Lporta, and S. Taccheo, “Spectroscopy of Er and Er–Yb-doped phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 13(4), 417–425 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2-3), 269–288 (1999).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun. 118(5-6), 557–561 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

T. Y. Fan, “Heat generation in Nd:YAG and Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(6), 1457–1459 (1993).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

R. Reisfeld and Y. Eckstein, “Dependence of spontaneous emission and nonradiative relaxations of Tm3+ and Er3+ on glass host and temperature,” J. Chem. Phys. 63(9), 4001–4012 (1975).
[Crossref]

Aguilo, M.

M. Pujol, M. Bursukova, F. Guell, X. Mateos, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65(16), 165121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Balbashov, A. M.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, A. M. Balbashov, J. E. Hellstrom, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Yb3+,Er3+:YAG at high temperature: Energy transfer and spectroscopic properties,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 142–147 (2007).
[Crossref]

Beregi, E.

I. Foldvari, E. Beregi, A. Munoz F, R. Sosa, and V. Horvath, “The energy levels of Er3+ ion in yttrium aluminum borate (YAB) single crystals,” Opt. Mater. 19(2), 241–244 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bursukova, M.

M. Pujol, M. Bursukova, F. Guell, X. Mateos, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65(16), 165121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Denker, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, A. M. Balbashov, J. E. Hellstrom, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Yb3+,Er3+:YAG at high temperature: Energy transfer and spectroscopic properties,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 142–147 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Denker, B. Galagan, S. Sverchkov, and A. Prokhorov, “Erbium (Er) glass lasers,” in Handbook of Solid-State Lasers, B. Denker and E. Shklovsky, eds. (Woodhead, 2013), pp. 341–358.

Diaz, F.

M. Pujol, M. Bursukova, F. Guell, X. Mateos, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65(16), 165121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Diéguez, E.

R. Vázquez, R. Osellame, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, and E. Diéguez, “Er3+ doped YAl3(BO3)4 single crystals: determination of the refractive indices,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 231–233 (2004).
[Crossref]

Duan, Y. M.

Eckstein, Y.

R. Reisfeld and Y. Eckstein, “Dependence of spontaneous emission and nonradiative relaxations of Tm3+ and Er3+ on glass host and temperature,” J. Chem. Phys. 63(9), 4001–4012 (1975).
[Crossref]

Eichhorn, M.

M. Eichhorn, “Quasi-three-level solid-state lasers in the near and mid infrared based on trivalent rare earth ions,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2-3), 269–316 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, “Heat generation in Nd:YAG and Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(6), 1457–1459 (1993).
[Crossref]

Filatov, S. K.

S. K. Filatov, “General concept of increasing crystal symmetry with an increase in temperature,” Crystallogr. Rep. 56(6), 953–961 (2011).
[Crossref]

Foldvari, I.

I. Foldvari, E. Beregi, A. Munoz F, R. Sosa, and V. Horvath, “The energy levels of Er3+ ion in yttrium aluminum borate (YAB) single crystals,” Opt. Mater. 19(2), 241–244 (2002).
[Crossref]

Francini, R.

R. Francini, F. Giovenale, U. Grassano, P. Lporta, and S. Taccheo, “Spectroscopy of Er and Er–Yb-doped phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 13(4), 417–425 (2000).
[Crossref]

Galagan, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, A. M. Balbashov, J. E. Hellstrom, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Yb3+,Er3+:YAG at high temperature: Energy transfer and spectroscopic properties,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 142–147 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Denker, B. Galagan, S. Sverchkov, and A. Prokhorov, “Erbium (Er) glass lasers,” in Handbook of Solid-State Lasers, B. Denker and E. Shklovsky, eds. (Woodhead, 2013), pp. 341–358.

Gavalda, J.

M. Pujol, M. Bursukova, F. Guell, X. Mateos, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65(16), 165121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Giovenale, F.

R. Francini, F. Giovenale, U. Grassano, P. Lporta, and S. Taccheo, “Spectroscopy of Er and Er–Yb-doped phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 13(4), 417–425 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gong, X.

Grassano, U.

R. Francini, F. Giovenale, U. Grassano, P. Lporta, and S. Taccheo, “Spectroscopy of Er and Er–Yb-doped phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 13(4), 417–425 (2000).
[Crossref]

Guell, F.

M. Pujol, M. Bursukova, F. Guell, X. Mateos, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65(16), 165121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hellstrom, J. E.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, A. M. Balbashov, J. E. Hellstrom, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Yb3+,Er3+:YAG at high temperature: Energy transfer and spectroscopic properties,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 142–147 (2007).
[Crossref]

Heumann, E.

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun. 118(5-6), 557–561 (1995).
[Crossref]

Horvath, V.

I. Foldvari, E. Beregi, A. Munoz F, R. Sosa, and V. Horvath, “The energy levels of Er3+ ion in yttrium aluminum borate (YAB) single crystals,” Opt. Mater. 19(2), 241–244 (2002).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.

Huang, Y.

Huber, G.

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun. 118(5-6), 557–561 (1995).
[Crossref]

Jensen, T.

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun. 118(5-6), 557–561 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kisel, V. E.

N. A. Tolstik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 —efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 357–362 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, O. V. Pilipenko, E. V. Koporulina, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Efficient 1 W continuous-wave diode-pumped Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3233–3235 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kopczynski, K.

J. Mlynczak, K. Kopczynski, and Z. Mierczyk, “Wavelength tuning in Er3+,Yb3+:glass microchip lasers,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 17(1), 84–88 (2009).
[Crossref]

Koporulina, E. V.

Kuleshov, N. V.

N. A. Tolstik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 —efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 357–362 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, O. V. Pilipenko, E. V. Koporulina, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Efficient 1 W continuous-wave diode-pumped Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3233–3235 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kupchenko, M. I.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kurilchik, S. V.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, O. V. Pilipenko, E. V. Koporulina, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Efficient 1 W continuous-wave diode-pumped Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3233–3235 (2007).
[Crossref]

Laporta, P.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2-3), 269–288 (1999).
[Crossref]

Laurell, F.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, A. M. Balbashov, J. E. Hellstrom, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Yb3+,Er3+:YAG at high temperature: Energy transfer and spectroscopic properties,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 142–147 (2007).
[Crossref]

Leonyuk, N. I.

N. A. Tolstik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 —efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 357–362 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, O. V. Pilipenko, E. V. Koporulina, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Efficient 1 W continuous-wave diode-pumped Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3233–3235 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.

Longhi, S.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2-3), 269–288 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lporta, P.

R. Francini, F. Giovenale, U. Grassano, P. Lporta, and S. Taccheo, “Spectroscopy of Er and Er–Yb-doped phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 13(4), 417–425 (2000).
[Crossref]

Luo, D. W.

Luo, Z.

Maltsev, V. V.

N. A. Tolstik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 —efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 357–362 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, O. V. Pilipenko, E. V. Koporulina, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Efficient 1 W continuous-wave diode-pumped Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3233–3235 (2007).
[Crossref]

Marangoni, M.

R. Vázquez, R. Osellame, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, and E. Diéguez, “Er3+ doped YAl3(BO3)4 single crystals: determination of the refractive indices,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 231–233 (2004).
[Crossref]

Massons, J.

M. Pujol, M. Bursukova, F. Guell, X. Mateos, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65(16), 165121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mateos, X.

M. Pujol, M. Bursukova, F. Guell, X. Mateos, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65(16), 165121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Matrosov, V. N.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

Matrosova, T. A.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mierczyk, Z.

J. Mlynczak, K. Kopczynski, and Z. Mierczyk, “Wavelength tuning in Er3+,Yb3+:glass microchip lasers,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 17(1), 84–88 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mlynczak, J.

J. Mlynczak, K. Kopczynski, and Z. Mierczyk, “Wavelength tuning in Er3+,Yb3+:glass microchip lasers,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 17(1), 84–88 (2009).
[Crossref]

Munoz F, A.

I. Foldvari, E. Beregi, A. Munoz F, R. Sosa, and V. Horvath, “The energy levels of Er3+ ion in yttrium aluminum borate (YAB) single crystals,” Opt. Mater. 19(2), 241–244 (2002).
[Crossref]

Osellame, R.

R. Vázquez, R. Osellame, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, and E. Diéguez, “Er3+ doped YAl3(BO3)4 single crystals: determination of the refractive indices,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 231–233 (2004).
[Crossref]

Osiko, V.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, A. M. Balbashov, J. E. Hellstrom, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Yb3+,Er3+:YAG at high temperature: Energy transfer and spectroscopic properties,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 142–147 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pasiskevicius, V.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, A. M. Balbashov, J. E. Hellstrom, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Yb3+,Er3+:YAG at high temperature: Energy transfer and spectroscopic properties,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 142–147 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pilipenko, O. V.

Prokhorov, A.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, S. Sverchkov, and A. Prokhorov, “Erbium (Er) glass lasers,” in Handbook of Solid-State Lasers, B. Denker and E. Shklovsky, eds. (Woodhead, 2013), pp. 341–358.

Pujol, M.

M. Pujol, M. Bursukova, F. Guell, X. Mateos, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65(16), 165121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ramponi, R.

R. Vázquez, R. Osellame, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, and E. Diéguez, “Er3+ doped YAl3(BO3)4 single crystals: determination of the refractive indices,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 231–233 (2004).
[Crossref]

Reisfeld, R.

R. Reisfeld and Y. Eckstein, “Dependence of spontaneous emission and nonradiative relaxations of Tm3+ and Er3+ on glass host and temperature,” J. Chem. Phys. 63(9), 4001–4012 (1975).
[Crossref]

Schweizer, T.

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun. 118(5-6), 557–561 (1995).
[Crossref]

Sole, R.

M. Pujol, M. Bursukova, F. Guell, X. Mateos, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65(16), 165121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sosa, R.

I. Foldvari, E. Beregi, A. Munoz F, R. Sosa, and V. Horvath, “The energy levels of Er3+ ion in yttrium aluminum borate (YAB) single crystals,” Opt. Mater. 19(2), 241–244 (2002).
[Crossref]

Svelto, C.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2-3), 269–288 (1999).
[Crossref]

Svelto, O.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2-3), 269–288 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sverchkov, S.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, A. M. Balbashov, J. E. Hellstrom, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Yb3+,Er3+:YAG at high temperature: Energy transfer and spectroscopic properties,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 142–147 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Denker, B. Galagan, S. Sverchkov, and A. Prokhorov, “Erbium (Er) glass lasers,” in Handbook of Solid-State Lasers, B. Denker and E. Shklovsky, eds. (Woodhead, 2013), pp. 341–358.

Taccheo, S.

R. Francini, F. Giovenale, U. Grassano, P. Lporta, and S. Taccheo, “Spectroscopy of Er and Er–Yb-doped phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 13(4), 417–425 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2-3), 269–288 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

Tolstik, N. A.

N. A. Tolstik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 —efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 357–362 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, O. V. Pilipenko, E. V. Koporulina, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Efficient 1 W continuous-wave diode-pumped Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3233–3235 (2007).
[Crossref]

Troshin, A. E.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vázquez, R.

R. Vázquez, R. Osellame, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, and E. Diéguez, “Er3+ doped YAl3(BO3)4 single crystals: determination of the refractive indices,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 231–233 (2004).
[Crossref]

Xu, C.

Yang, Z.

You, W.

W. You, Y. Lin, Y. Chen, Z. Luo, and Y. Huang, “Polarized Spectroscopy of Er3+ ions in YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 29(5), 488–493 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Zhu, H. Y.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

M. Eichhorn, “Quasi-three-level solid-state lasers in the near and mid infrared based on trivalent rare earth ions,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2-3), 269–316 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 275–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. A. Tolstik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 —efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 357–362 (2009).
[Crossref]

Crystallogr. Rep. (1)

S. K. Filatov, “General concept of increasing crystal symmetry with an increase in temperature,” Crystallogr. Rep. 56(6), 953–961 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Y. Fan, “Heat generation in Nd:YAG and Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(6), 1457–1459 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

R. Reisfeld and Y. Eckstein, “Dependence of spontaneous emission and nonradiative relaxations of Tm3+ and Er3+ on glass host and temperature,” J. Chem. Phys. 63(9), 4001–4012 (1975).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun. 118(5-6), 557–561 (1995).
[Crossref]

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, A. M. Balbashov, J. E. Hellstrom, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Yb3+,Er3+:YAG at high temperature: Energy transfer and spectroscopic properties,” Opt. Commun. 271(1), 142–147 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (5)

I. Foldvari, E. Beregi, A. Munoz F, R. Sosa, and V. Horvath, “The energy levels of Er3+ ion in yttrium aluminum borate (YAB) single crystals,” Opt. Mater. 19(2), 241–244 (2002).
[Crossref]

W. You, Y. Lin, Y. Chen, Z. Luo, and Y. Huang, “Polarized Spectroscopy of Er3+ ions in YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 29(5), 488–493 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 11(2-3), 269–288 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. Francini, F. Giovenale, U. Grassano, P. Lporta, and S. Taccheo, “Spectroscopy of Er and Er–Yb-doped phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 13(4), 417–425 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. Vázquez, R. Osellame, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, and E. Diéguez, “Er3+ doped YAl3(BO3)4 single crystals: determination of the refractive indices,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 231–233 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opto-Electron. Rev. (1)

J. Mlynczak, K. Kopczynski, and Z. Mierczyk, “Wavelength tuning in Er3+,Yb3+:glass microchip lasers,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 17(1), 84–88 (2009).
[Crossref]

OSA Continuum (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Pujol, M. Bursukova, F. Guell, X. Mateos, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, J. Massons, and F. Diaz, “Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2,” Phys. Rev. B 65(16), 165121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

B. Denker, B. Galagan, S. Sverchkov, and A. Prokhorov, “Erbium (Er) glass lasers,” in Handbook of Solid-State Lasers, B. Denker and E. Shklovsky, eds. (Woodhead, 2013), pp. 341–358.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental setup for measuring the spectra of the Er:Yb:YAB crystal at temperature between 300–800 K.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) σ-polarized absorption cross-section spectra in 900–1040 nm of the Er:Yb:YAB crystal at temperature between 300–800 K. The inset shows the spectra at 300 K recorded by a Lambda 950 spectrophotometer and the setup used in this work, respectively. (b) The peak absorption cross-sections at 976 nm and the FWHMs of the absorption band around 976 nm of the crystal at different temperatures.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) σ-polarized absorption cross-section spectra in 1450–1650 nm of the Er:Yb:YAB crystal at temperature between 300–800 K. (b) σ-polarized fluorescence spectra in 1450–1650 nm of the Er:Yb:YAB crystal at temperature between 300–800 K.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) σ-polarized emission cross-section spectra in 1450–1650 nm of the Er:Yb:YAB crystal at temperature between 300–800 K. (b) σ-polarized gain cross-section spectra in 1500–1620 nm of the Er:Yb:YAB crystal at temperature between 300–800 K when the inversion parameter β is 0.5.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) σ-polarized spontaneous emission probabilities Aσ of the 4I13/24I15/2 transition of the Er:Yb:YAB crystal at different temperatures. (b) Fluorescence lifetimes of the 4I13/2 multiplet of the Er:Yb:YAB crystal at temperature between 300–800 K. The inset shows the fluorescence decay curve at 1550 nm of the crystal at 300 K.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Values of Zl and Zu at different temperatures T

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σ a b s ( λ , T ) = 2.303 l N l g ( I 0 ( λ , T ) I t ( λ , T ) )
σ em ( λ , T ) = σ a b s ( λ , T ) Z l ( T ) Z u ( T ) exp ( E z l h c λ 1 k B T )
A ( T ) = 8 π c n 2 σ e m ( λ , T ) λ 4 d λ

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