Abstract

Enhanced upconversion lasing and luminescence is obtained in a transparent compound fluorosilicate glass co-doped with Yb3+ and Er3+ ions. The sample is prepared by a conventional melt-quenching technique followed by a heat treatment, and a very high upconversion efficiency (quantum yield >1%) is achieved. The physical processes involved start from a phase-separated, as-melt fluorosilicate glass consisting of fluorine-rich domains, which provide the low phonon energy environment for Er3+ ions. In addition, visible green lasing in a microsphere resonator with a diameter of 58 μm is observed with a relatively low lasing threshold of circa 52.5 μW. Importantly, when the input power increases to 16.8 mW in a microsphere with a diameter of 110 μm, the colors of the luminescent emissions became yellow-green and then yellow-red when the pump power is increased further to 40 mW. This presents a significant improvement in the development of visible light sources for microphotonics applications.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Study on optical properties and upconversion luminescence of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glass for highly sensitive temperature measuring

Jianfeng Tang, Maojun Sun, Yawen Huang, Jie Gou, Yu Zhang, Guannan Li, Yuan Li, Yuhong Man, and Jun Yang
Opt. Mater. Express 7(9) 3238-3250 (2017)

Laser oscillation of Yb3+:Er3+ co-doped phosphosilicate microsphere [Invited]

Tianjiao Wu, Yantang Huang, Jing Huang, Yu Huang, Peijin Zhang, and Jing Ma
Appl. Opt. 53(21) 4747-4751 (2014)

Upconversion emission obtained in Yb3+-Er3+ doped fluoroindate glasses using silica microspheres as focusing lens

C. Pérez-Rodríguez, S. Ríos, I. R. Martín, L. L. Martín, P. Haro-González, and D. Jaque
Opt. Express 21(9) 10667-10675 (2013)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. A. Pollack, D. B. Chang, and N. L. Moise, “Upconversion-pumped infrared erbium laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(12), 4077–4086 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  2. G. Qin, W. Qin, S. Huang, C. Wu, D. Zhao, B. Chen, S. Lu, and E. Shulin, “Infrared-to-violet upconversion from Yb3+ and Er3+ codoped amorphous fluoride film prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(11), 6936–6938 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  3. G. Chen, T. Y. Ohulchanskyy, A. Kachynski, H. Ågren, and P. N. Prasad, “Intense visible and near-infrared upconversion photoluminescence in colloidal LiYF4:Er3+ nanocrystals under excitation at 1490 nm,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4981–4986 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. J. M. Ward and S. Nic Chormaic, “Thermo-optical tuning of whispering gallery modes in Er: Yb co-doped phosphate glass microspheres,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 847–850 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  5. A. Watkins, J. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Thermo-optical tuning of whispering gallery modes in Erbium: Ytterbium doped glass microspheres to arbitrary probe wavelengths,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 51(5R), 052501 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  6. V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54(3), R1777–R1780 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. L. Yang and K. J. Vahala, “Gain functionalization of silica microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 28(8), 592–594 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. T. J. Kippenberg, J. Kalkman, A. Polman, and K. J. Vahala, “Demonstration of an erbium-doped microdisk laser on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. A 74(5), 051802 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  9. Y. Wu, J. M. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Ultralow threshold green lasing and optical bistability in ZBNA (ZrF4–BaF2–NaF–AlF3) microspheres,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(3), 033103 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  10. E. Lallier, “Rare-earth-doped glass and LiNbO(3) waveguide lasers and optical amplifiers,” Appl. Opt. 31(25), 5276–5282 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. M. J. F. Digonnet, Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, Revised and Expanded (CRC Press, 2001).
  12. S. N. Houde-Walter, P. M. Peters, J. F. Stebbins, and Q. Zeng, “Hydroxyl-contents and hydroxyl-related concentration quenching in erbium-doped aluminophosphate, aluminosilicate and fluorosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 286(1-2), 118–131 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  13. P. P. Fedorov, A. A. Luginina, and A. I. Popov, “Transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Fluor. Chem. 172, 22–50 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  14. C. B. Layne, W. H. Lowdermilk, and M. J. Weber, “Multiphonon relaxation of rare-earth ions in oxide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 16(1), 10–20 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  15. Y. Wang and J. Ohwaki, “New transparent vitroceramics codoped with Er3+ and Yb3+ for efficient frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(24), 3268–3270 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  16. M. Kochanowicz, J. Zmojda, and D. Dorosz, “Fluorosilicate and fluorophosphate superfluorescent multicore optical fibers co-doped with Nd3+/Yb3+,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(3), 245–249 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  17. X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Up-conversion luminescence and near infrared luminescence of Er3+ in transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 27(3), 597–603 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  18. X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, J.-L. Adam, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped 50SiO2–20Al2O3–30CaF2 glass and glass ceramics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(29), 6937–6951 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  19. J. M. Ward, A. Maimaiti, V. H. Le, and S Nic Chormaic, “Contributed review: optical micro- and nanofiber pulling rig,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(11), 111501 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. Z. Fang, S. Nic Chormaic, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Bismuth-doped glass microsphere lasers,” Photon. Res. 5(6), 740–744 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  21. M. D. Wisser, S. Fischer, P. C. Maurer, N. D. Bronstein, S. Chu, A. P. Alivisatos, A. Salleo, and J. A. Dionne, “Enhancing quantum yield via local symmetry distortion in lanthanide-based upconverting nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 3(8), 1523–1530 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  22. X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+–Yb3+ co-doped glass ceramics containing BaF2 nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(28), 3273–3277 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  23. H. Inoue, A. Masuno, and Y. Watanabe, “Modeling of the structure of sodium borosilicate glasses using pair potentials,” J. Phys. Chem. B 116(40), 12325–12331 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. H. Inoue, A. Masuno, S. Kohara, and Y. Watanabe, “The local structure and vibrational properties of BaTi2O5 glass revealed by molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 117(22), 6823–6829 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. Y. Yu, Z. Fang, C. Ma, H. Inoue, G. Yang, S. Zheng, D. Chen, Z. Yang, A. Masuno, J. Orava, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Mesoscale engineering of photonic glass for tunable luminescence,” NPG Asia Mater. 8(10), e318 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  26. V. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, I. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(11), 1937–1939 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  27. G. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
    [Crossref]
  28. S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Investigation on nonradiative decay of 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition of Er3+-doped oxide glasses,” J. Lumin. 106(1), 9–14 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  30. J. C. Knight, G. Cheung, F. Jacques, and T. A. Birks, “Phase-matched excitation of whispering-gallery-mode resonances by a fiber taper,” Opt. Lett. 22(15), 1129–1131 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. J. M. Parker and P. W. France, “Optical properties of halide glasses,” in Glasses and Glass-Ceramics (Springer, 1989), pp. 156–202.
  32. M. J. Weber, Recent Developments in Laser Glasses (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., 1983).

2017 (1)

2016 (2)

M. D. Wisser, S. Fischer, P. C. Maurer, N. D. Bronstein, S. Chu, A. P. Alivisatos, A. Salleo, and J. A. Dionne, “Enhancing quantum yield via local symmetry distortion in lanthanide-based upconverting nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 3(8), 1523–1530 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, Z. Fang, C. Ma, H. Inoue, G. Yang, S. Zheng, D. Chen, Z. Yang, A. Masuno, J. Orava, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Mesoscale engineering of photonic glass for tunable luminescence,” NPG Asia Mater. 8(10), e318 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

P. P. Fedorov, A. A. Luginina, and A. I. Popov, “Transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Fluor. Chem. 172, 22–50 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

M. Kochanowicz, J. Zmojda, and D. Dorosz, “Fluorosilicate and fluorophosphate superfluorescent multicore optical fibers co-doped with Nd3+/Yb3+,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(3), 245–249 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. M. Ward, A. Maimaiti, V. H. Le, and S Nic Chormaic, “Contributed review: optical micro- and nanofiber pulling rig,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(11), 111501 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

H. Inoue, A. Masuno, S. Kohara, and Y. Watanabe, “The local structure and vibrational properties of BaTi2O5 glass revealed by molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 117(22), 6823–6829 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

H. Inoue, A. Masuno, and Y. Watanabe, “Modeling of the structure of sodium borosilicate glasses using pair potentials,” J. Phys. Chem. B 116(40), 12325–12331 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Watkins, J. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Thermo-optical tuning of whispering gallery modes in Erbium: Ytterbium doped glass microspheres to arbitrary probe wavelengths,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 51(5R), 052501 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

G. Chen, T. Y. Ohulchanskyy, A. Kachynski, H. Ågren, and P. N. Prasad, “Intense visible and near-infrared upconversion photoluminescence in colloidal LiYF4:Er3+ nanocrystals under excitation at 1490 nm,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4981–4986 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

J. M. Ward and S. Nic Chormaic, “Thermo-optical tuning of whispering gallery modes in Er: Yb co-doped phosphate glass microspheres,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 847–850 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Wu, J. M. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Ultralow threshold green lasing and optical bistability in ZBNA (ZrF4–BaF2–NaF–AlF3) microspheres,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(3), 033103 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+–Yb3+ co-doped glass ceramics containing BaF2 nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(28), 3273–3277 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, J.-L. Adam, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped 50SiO2–20Al2O3–30CaF2 glass and glass ceramics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(29), 6937–6951 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. J. Kippenberg, J. Kalkman, A. Polman, and K. J. Vahala, “Demonstration of an erbium-doped microdisk laser on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. A 74(5), 051802 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Up-conversion luminescence and near infrared luminescence of Er3+ in transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 27(3), 597–603 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Investigation on nonradiative decay of 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition of Er3+-doped oxide glasses,” J. Lumin. 106(1), 9–14 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

G. Qin, W. Qin, S. Huang, C. Wu, D. Zhao, B. Chen, S. Lu, and E. Shulin, “Infrared-to-violet upconversion from Yb3+ and Er3+ codoped amorphous fluoride film prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(11), 6936–6938 (2002).
[Crossref]

V. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, I. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(11), 1937–1939 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

S. N. Houde-Walter, P. M. Peters, J. F. Stebbins, and Q. Zeng, “Hydroxyl-contents and hydroxyl-related concentration quenching in erbium-doped aluminophosphate, aluminosilicate and fluorosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 286(1-2), 118–131 (2001).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54(3), R1777–R1780 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

Y. Wang and J. Ohwaki, “New transparent vitroceramics codoped with Er3+ and Yb3+ for efficient frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(24), 3268–3270 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

E. Lallier, “Rare-earth-doped glass and LiNbO(3) waveguide lasers and optical amplifiers,” Appl. Opt. 31(25), 5276–5282 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

S. A. Pollack, D. B. Chang, and N. L. Moise, “Upconversion-pumped infrared erbium laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(12), 4077–4086 (1986).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

C. B. Layne, W. H. Lowdermilk, and M. J. Weber, “Multiphonon relaxation of rare-earth ions in oxide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 16(1), 10–20 (1977).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

G. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[Crossref]

Adam, J.-L.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, J.-L. Adam, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped 50SiO2–20Al2O3–30CaF2 glass and glass ceramics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(29), 6937–6951 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ågren, H.

G. Chen, T. Y. Ohulchanskyy, A. Kachynski, H. Ågren, and P. N. Prasad, “Intense visible and near-infrared upconversion photoluminescence in colloidal LiYF4:Er3+ nanocrystals under excitation at 1490 nm,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4981–4986 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alivisatos, A. P.

M. D. Wisser, S. Fischer, P. C. Maurer, N. D. Bronstein, S. Chu, A. P. Alivisatos, A. Salleo, and J. A. Dionne, “Enhancing quantum yield via local symmetry distortion in lanthanide-based upconverting nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 3(8), 1523–1530 (2016).
[Crossref]

Beggiora, M.

V. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, I. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(11), 1937–1939 (2002).
[Crossref]

Birks, T. A.

Bronstein, N. D.

M. D. Wisser, S. Fischer, P. C. Maurer, N. D. Bronstein, S. Chu, A. P. Alivisatos, A. Salleo, and J. A. Dionne, “Enhancing quantum yield via local symmetry distortion in lanthanide-based upconverting nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 3(8), 1523–1530 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chang, D. B.

S. A. Pollack, D. B. Chang, and N. L. Moise, “Upconversion-pumped infrared erbium laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(12), 4077–4086 (1986).
[Crossref]

Chen, B.

G. Qin, W. Qin, S. Huang, C. Wu, D. Zhao, B. Chen, S. Lu, and E. Shulin, “Infrared-to-violet upconversion from Yb3+ and Er3+ codoped amorphous fluoride film prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(11), 6936–6938 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

Y. Yu, Z. Fang, C. Ma, H. Inoue, G. Yang, S. Zheng, D. Chen, Z. Yang, A. Masuno, J. Orava, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Mesoscale engineering of photonic glass for tunable luminescence,” NPG Asia Mater. 8(10), e318 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

G. Chen, T. Y. Ohulchanskyy, A. Kachynski, H. Ågren, and P. N. Prasad, “Intense visible and near-infrared upconversion photoluminescence in colloidal LiYF4:Er3+ nanocrystals under excitation at 1490 nm,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4981–4986 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheung, G.

Chu, S.

M. D. Wisser, S. Fischer, P. C. Maurer, N. D. Bronstein, S. Chu, A. P. Alivisatos, A. Salleo, and J. A. Dionne, “Enhancing quantum yield via local symmetry distortion in lanthanide-based upconverting nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 3(8), 1523–1530 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dai, N.

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Investigation on nonradiative decay of 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition of Er3+-doped oxide glasses,” J. Lumin. 106(1), 9–14 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dai, S.

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Investigation on nonradiative decay of 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition of Er3+-doped oxide glasses,” J. Lumin. 106(1), 9–14 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dionne, J. A.

M. D. Wisser, S. Fischer, P. C. Maurer, N. D. Bronstein, S. Chu, A. P. Alivisatos, A. Salleo, and J. A. Dionne, “Enhancing quantum yield via local symmetry distortion in lanthanide-based upconverting nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 3(8), 1523–1530 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dorosz, D.

M. Kochanowicz, J. Zmojda, and D. Dorosz, “Fluorosilicate and fluorophosphate superfluorescent multicore optical fibers co-doped with Nd3+/Yb3+,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(3), 245–249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fan, X.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+–Yb3+ co-doped glass ceramics containing BaF2 nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(28), 3273–3277 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, J.-L. Adam, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped 50SiO2–20Al2O3–30CaF2 glass and glass ceramics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(29), 6937–6951 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Up-conversion luminescence and near infrared luminescence of Er3+ in transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 27(3), 597–603 (2004).
[Crossref]

Fang, Z.

Z. Fang, S. Nic Chormaic, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Bismuth-doped glass microsphere lasers,” Photon. Res. 5(6), 740–744 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, Z. Fang, C. Ma, H. Inoue, G. Yang, S. Zheng, D. Chen, Z. Yang, A. Masuno, J. Orava, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Mesoscale engineering of photonic glass for tunable luminescence,” NPG Asia Mater. 8(10), e318 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fedorov, P. P.

P. P. Fedorov, A. A. Luginina, and A. I. Popov, “Transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Fluor. Chem. 172, 22–50 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, M.

V. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, I. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(11), 1937–1939 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fischer, S.

M. D. Wisser, S. Fischer, P. C. Maurer, N. D. Bronstein, S. Chu, A. P. Alivisatos, A. Salleo, and J. A. Dionne, “Enhancing quantum yield via local symmetry distortion in lanthanide-based upconverting nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 3(8), 1523–1530 (2016).
[Crossref]

Furniss, D.

V. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, I. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(11), 1937–1939 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hanada, T.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hare, J.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54(3), R1777–R1780 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haroche, S.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54(3), R1777–R1780 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Houde-Walter, S. N.

S. N. Houde-Walter, P. M. Peters, J. F. Stebbins, and Q. Zeng, “Hydroxyl-contents and hydroxyl-related concentration quenching in erbium-doped aluminophosphate, aluminosilicate and fluorosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 286(1-2), 118–131 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hu, L.

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Investigation on nonradiative decay of 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition of Er3+-doped oxide glasses,” J. Lumin. 106(1), 9–14 (2004).
[Crossref]

Huang, S.

G. Qin, W. Qin, S. Huang, C. Wu, D. Zhao, B. Chen, S. Lu, and E. Shulin, “Infrared-to-violet upconversion from Yb3+ and Er3+ codoped amorphous fluoride film prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(11), 6936–6938 (2002).
[Crossref]

Inoue, H.

Y. Yu, Z. Fang, C. Ma, H. Inoue, G. Yang, S. Zheng, D. Chen, Z. Yang, A. Masuno, J. Orava, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Mesoscale engineering of photonic glass for tunable luminescence,” NPG Asia Mater. 8(10), e318 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Inoue, A. Masuno, S. Kohara, and Y. Watanabe, “The local structure and vibrational properties of BaTi2O5 glass revealed by molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 117(22), 6823–6829 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Inoue, A. Masuno, and Y. Watanabe, “Modeling of the structure of sodium borosilicate glasses using pair potentials,” J. Phys. Chem. B 116(40), 12325–12331 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jacques, F.

Jiang, Y.

Jiang, Z.

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Investigation on nonradiative decay of 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition of Er3+-doped oxide glasses,” J. Lumin. 106(1), 9–14 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kachynski, A.

G. Chen, T. Y. Ohulchanskyy, A. Kachynski, H. Ågren, and P. N. Prasad, “Intense visible and near-infrared upconversion photoluminescence in colloidal LiYF4:Er3+ nanocrystals under excitation at 1490 nm,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4981–4986 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kalkman, J.

T. J. Kippenberg, J. Kalkman, A. Polman, and K. J. Vahala, “Demonstration of an erbium-doped microdisk laser on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. A 74(5), 051802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kippenberg, T. J.

T. J. Kippenberg, J. Kalkman, A. Polman, and K. J. Vahala, “Demonstration of an erbium-doped microdisk laser on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. A 74(5), 051802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Knight, J. C.

Kochanowicz, M.

M. Kochanowicz, J. Zmojda, and D. Dorosz, “Fluorosilicate and fluorophosphate superfluorescent multicore optical fibers co-doped with Nd3+/Yb3+,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(3), 245–249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kohara, S.

H. Inoue, A. Masuno, S. Kohara, and Y. Watanabe, “The local structure and vibrational properties of BaTi2O5 glass revealed by molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 117(22), 6823–6829 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lallier, E.

Layne, C. B.

C. B. Layne, W. H. Lowdermilk, and M. J. Weber, “Multiphonon relaxation of rare-earth ions in oxide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 16(1), 10–20 (1977).
[Crossref]

Le, V. H.

J. M. Ward, A. Maimaiti, V. H. Le, and S Nic Chormaic, “Contributed review: optical micro- and nanofiber pulling rig,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(11), 111501 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lefèvre-Seguin, V.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54(3), R1777–R1780 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lowdermilk, W. H.

C. B. Layne, W. H. Lowdermilk, and M. J. Weber, “Multiphonon relaxation of rare-earth ions in oxide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 16(1), 10–20 (1977).
[Crossref]

Lu, S.

G. Qin, W. Qin, S. Huang, C. Wu, D. Zhao, B. Chen, S. Lu, and E. Shulin, “Infrared-to-violet upconversion from Yb3+ and Er3+ codoped amorphous fluoride film prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(11), 6936–6938 (2002).
[Crossref]

Luginina, A. A.

P. P. Fedorov, A. A. Luginina, and A. I. Popov, “Transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Fluor. Chem. 172, 22–50 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ma, C.

Y. Yu, Z. Fang, C. Ma, H. Inoue, G. Yang, S. Zheng, D. Chen, Z. Yang, A. Masuno, J. Orava, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Mesoscale engineering of photonic glass for tunable luminescence,” NPG Asia Mater. 8(10), e318 (2016).
[Crossref]

Maimaiti, A.

J. M. Ward, A. Maimaiti, V. H. Le, and S Nic Chormaic, “Contributed review: optical micro- and nanofiber pulling rig,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(11), 111501 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Masuno, A.

Y. Yu, Z. Fang, C. Ma, H. Inoue, G. Yang, S. Zheng, D. Chen, Z. Yang, A. Masuno, J. Orava, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Mesoscale engineering of photonic glass for tunable luminescence,” NPG Asia Mater. 8(10), e318 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Inoue, A. Masuno, S. Kohara, and Y. Watanabe, “The local structure and vibrational properties of BaTi2O5 glass revealed by molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 117(22), 6823–6829 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Inoue, A. Masuno, and Y. Watanabe, “Modeling of the structure of sodium borosilicate glasses using pair potentials,” J. Phys. Chem. B 116(40), 12325–12331 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maurer, P. C.

M. D. Wisser, S. Fischer, P. C. Maurer, N. D. Bronstein, S. Chu, A. P. Alivisatos, A. Salleo, and J. A. Dionne, “Enhancing quantum yield via local symmetry distortion in lanthanide-based upconverting nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 3(8), 1523–1530 (2016).
[Crossref]

Moise, N. L.

S. A. Pollack, D. B. Chang, and N. L. Moise, “Upconversion-pumped infrared erbium laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(12), 4077–4086 (1986).
[Crossref]

Montagna, M.

V. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, I. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(11), 1937–1939 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nic Chormaic, S

J. M. Ward, A. Maimaiti, V. H. Le, and S Nic Chormaic, “Contributed review: optical micro- and nanofiber pulling rig,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(11), 111501 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nic Chormaic, S.

Z. Fang, S. Nic Chormaic, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Bismuth-doped glass microsphere lasers,” Photon. Res. 5(6), 740–744 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Watkins, J. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Thermo-optical tuning of whispering gallery modes in Erbium: Ytterbium doped glass microspheres to arbitrary probe wavelengths,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 51(5R), 052501 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. M. Ward and S. Nic Chormaic, “Thermo-optical tuning of whispering gallery modes in Er: Yb co-doped phosphate glass microspheres,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 847–850 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Wu, J. M. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Ultralow threshold green lasing and optical bistability in ZBNA (ZrF4–BaF2–NaF–AlF3) microspheres,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(3), 033103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ofelt, G.

G. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[Crossref]

Ohulchanskyy, T. Y.

G. Chen, T. Y. Ohulchanskyy, A. Kachynski, H. Ågren, and P. N. Prasad, “Intense visible and near-infrared upconversion photoluminescence in colloidal LiYF4:Er3+ nanocrystals under excitation at 1490 nm,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4981–4986 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ohwaki, J.

Y. Wang and J. Ohwaki, “New transparent vitroceramics codoped with Er3+ and Yb3+ for efficient frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(24), 3268–3270 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ohyagi, T.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Orava, J.

Y. Yu, Z. Fang, C. Ma, H. Inoue, G. Yang, S. Zheng, D. Chen, Z. Yang, A. Masuno, J. Orava, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Mesoscale engineering of photonic glass for tunable luminescence,” NPG Asia Mater. 8(10), e318 (2016).
[Crossref]

Peters, P. M.

S. N. Houde-Walter, P. M. Peters, J. F. Stebbins, and Q. Zeng, “Hydroxyl-contents and hydroxyl-related concentration quenching in erbium-doped aluminophosphate, aluminosilicate and fluorosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 286(1-2), 118–131 (2001).
[Crossref]

Pollack, S. A.

S. A. Pollack, D. B. Chang, and N. L. Moise, “Upconversion-pumped infrared erbium laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(12), 4077–4086 (1986).
[Crossref]

Polman, A.

T. J. Kippenberg, J. Kalkman, A. Polman, and K. J. Vahala, “Demonstration of an erbium-doped microdisk laser on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. A 74(5), 051802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Popov, A. I.

P. P. Fedorov, A. A. Luginina, and A. I. Popov, “Transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Fluor. Chem. 172, 22–50 (2015).
[Crossref]

Prasad, P. N.

G. Chen, T. Y. Ohulchanskyy, A. Kachynski, H. Ågren, and P. N. Prasad, “Intense visible and near-infrared upconversion photoluminescence in colloidal LiYF4:Er3+ nanocrystals under excitation at 1490 nm,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4981–4986 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiao, X.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+–Yb3+ co-doped glass ceramics containing BaF2 nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(28), 3273–3277 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, J.-L. Adam, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped 50SiO2–20Al2O3–30CaF2 glass and glass ceramics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(29), 6937–6951 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Up-conversion luminescence and near infrared luminescence of Er3+ in transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 27(3), 597–603 (2004).
[Crossref]

Qin, G.

G. Qin, W. Qin, S. Huang, C. Wu, D. Zhao, B. Chen, S. Lu, and E. Shulin, “Infrared-to-violet upconversion from Yb3+ and Er3+ codoped amorphous fluoride film prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(11), 6936–6938 (2002).
[Crossref]

Qin, W.

G. Qin, W. Qin, S. Huang, C. Wu, D. Zhao, B. Chen, S. Lu, and E. Shulin, “Infrared-to-violet upconversion from Yb3+ and Er3+ codoped amorphous fluoride film prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(11), 6936–6938 (2002).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

Z. Fang, S. Nic Chormaic, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Bismuth-doped glass microsphere lasers,” Photon. Res. 5(6), 740–744 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, Z. Fang, C. Ma, H. Inoue, G. Yang, S. Zheng, D. Chen, Z. Yang, A. Masuno, J. Orava, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Mesoscale engineering of photonic glass for tunable luminescence,” NPG Asia Mater. 8(10), e318 (2016).
[Crossref]

Raimond, J.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54(3), R1777–R1780 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reaney, I.

V. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, I. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(11), 1937–1939 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rolli, R.

V. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, I. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(11), 1937–1939 (2002).
[Crossref]

Salleo, A.

M. D. Wisser, S. Fischer, P. C. Maurer, N. D. Bronstein, S. Chu, A. P. Alivisatos, A. Salleo, and J. A. Dionne, “Enhancing quantum yield via local symmetry distortion in lanthanide-based upconverting nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 3(8), 1523–1530 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sandoghdar, V.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54(3), R1777–R1780 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seddon, A.

V. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, I. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(11), 1937–1939 (2002).
[Crossref]

Shulin, E.

G. Qin, W. Qin, S. Huang, C. Wu, D. Zhao, B. Chen, S. Lu, and E. Shulin, “Infrared-to-violet upconversion from Yb3+ and Er3+ codoped amorphous fluoride film prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(11), 6936–6938 (2002).
[Crossref]

Soga, N.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stebbins, J. F.

S. N. Houde-Walter, P. M. Peters, J. F. Stebbins, and Q. Zeng, “Hydroxyl-contents and hydroxyl-related concentration quenching in erbium-doped aluminophosphate, aluminosilicate and fluorosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 286(1-2), 118–131 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tanabe, S.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tikhomirov, V.

V. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, I. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(11), 1937–1939 (2002).
[Crossref]

Treussart, F.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54(3), R1777–R1780 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vahala, K. J.

T. J. Kippenberg, J. Kalkman, A. Polman, and K. J. Vahala, “Demonstration of an erbium-doped microdisk laser on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. A 74(5), 051802 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Yang and K. J. Vahala, “Gain functionalization of silica microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 28(8), 592–594 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, M.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+–Yb3+ co-doped glass ceramics containing BaF2 nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(28), 3273–3277 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, J.-L. Adam, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped 50SiO2–20Al2O3–30CaF2 glass and glass ceramics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(29), 6937–6951 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Up-conversion luminescence and near infrared luminescence of Er3+ in transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 27(3), 597–603 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

Wang, S.

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang and J. Ohwaki, “New transparent vitroceramics codoped with Er3+ and Yb3+ for efficient frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(24), 3268–3270 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ward, J.

A. Watkins, J. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Thermo-optical tuning of whispering gallery modes in Erbium: Ytterbium doped glass microspheres to arbitrary probe wavelengths,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 51(5R), 052501 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ward, J. M.

J. M. Ward, A. Maimaiti, V. H. Le, and S Nic Chormaic, “Contributed review: optical micro- and nanofiber pulling rig,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(11), 111501 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wu, J. M. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Ultralow threshold green lasing and optical bistability in ZBNA (ZrF4–BaF2–NaF–AlF3) microspheres,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(3), 033103 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. M. Ward and S. Nic Chormaic, “Thermo-optical tuning of whispering gallery modes in Er: Yb co-doped phosphate glass microspheres,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 847–850 (2010).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, Y.

H. Inoue, A. Masuno, S. Kohara, and Y. Watanabe, “The local structure and vibrational properties of BaTi2O5 glass revealed by molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 117(22), 6823–6829 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Inoue, A. Masuno, and Y. Watanabe, “Modeling of the structure of sodium borosilicate glasses using pair potentials,” J. Phys. Chem. B 116(40), 12325–12331 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watkins, A.

A. Watkins, J. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Thermo-optical tuning of whispering gallery modes in Erbium: Ytterbium doped glass microspheres to arbitrary probe wavelengths,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 51(5R), 052501 (2012).
[Crossref]

Weber, M. J.

C. B. Layne, W. H. Lowdermilk, and M. J. Weber, “Multiphonon relaxation of rare-earth ions in oxide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 16(1), 10–20 (1977).
[Crossref]

Wen, L.

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Investigation on nonradiative decay of 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition of Er3+-doped oxide glasses,” J. Lumin. 106(1), 9–14 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wisser, M. D.

M. D. Wisser, S. Fischer, P. C. Maurer, N. D. Bronstein, S. Chu, A. P. Alivisatos, A. Salleo, and J. A. Dionne, “Enhancing quantum yield via local symmetry distortion in lanthanide-based upconverting nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 3(8), 1523–1530 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.

G. Qin, W. Qin, S. Huang, C. Wu, D. Zhao, B. Chen, S. Lu, and E. Shulin, “Infrared-to-violet upconversion from Yb3+ and Er3+ codoped amorphous fluoride film prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(11), 6936–6938 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

Y. Wu, J. M. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Ultralow threshold green lasing and optical bistability in ZBNA (ZrF4–BaF2–NaF–AlF3) microspheres,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(3), 033103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yang, G.

Y. Yu, Z. Fang, C. Ma, H. Inoue, G. Yang, S. Zheng, D. Chen, Z. Yang, A. Masuno, J. Orava, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Mesoscale engineering of photonic glass for tunable luminescence,” NPG Asia Mater. 8(10), e318 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Investigation on nonradiative decay of 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition of Er3+-doped oxide glasses,” J. Lumin. 106(1), 9–14 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

Yang, Z.

Y. Yu, Z. Fang, C. Ma, H. Inoue, G. Yang, S. Zheng, D. Chen, Z. Yang, A. Masuno, J. Orava, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Mesoscale engineering of photonic glass for tunable luminescence,” NPG Asia Mater. 8(10), e318 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

Yu, Y.

Y. Yu, Z. Fang, C. Ma, H. Inoue, G. Yang, S. Zheng, D. Chen, Z. Yang, A. Masuno, J. Orava, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Mesoscale engineering of photonic glass for tunable luminescence,” NPG Asia Mater. 8(10), e318 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Q.

S. N. Houde-Walter, P. M. Peters, J. F. Stebbins, and Q. Zeng, “Hydroxyl-contents and hydroxyl-related concentration quenching in erbium-doped aluminophosphate, aluminosilicate and fluorosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 286(1-2), 118–131 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+–Yb3+ co-doped glass ceramics containing BaF2 nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(28), 3273–3277 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, J.-L. Adam, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped 50SiO2–20Al2O3–30CaF2 glass and glass ceramics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(29), 6937–6951 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Up-conversion luminescence and near infrared luminescence of Er3+ in transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 27(3), 597–603 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhao, D.

G. Qin, W. Qin, S. Huang, C. Wu, D. Zhao, B. Chen, S. Lu, and E. Shulin, “Infrared-to-violet upconversion from Yb3+ and Er3+ codoped amorphous fluoride film prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(11), 6936–6938 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zheng, S.

Y. Yu, Z. Fang, C. Ma, H. Inoue, G. Yang, S. Zheng, D. Chen, Z. Yang, A. Masuno, J. Orava, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Mesoscale engineering of photonic glass for tunable luminescence,” NPG Asia Mater. 8(10), e318 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhou, S.

Y. Yu, Z. Fang, C. Ma, H. Inoue, G. Yang, S. Zheng, D. Chen, Z. Yang, A. Masuno, J. Orava, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Mesoscale engineering of photonic glass for tunable luminescence,” NPG Asia Mater. 8(10), e318 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zmojda, J.

M. Kochanowicz, J. Zmojda, and D. Dorosz, “Fluorosilicate and fluorophosphate superfluorescent multicore optical fibers co-doped with Nd3+/Yb3+,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(3), 245–249 (2014).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

G. Chen, T. Y. Ohulchanskyy, A. Kachynski, H. Ågren, and P. N. Prasad, “Intense visible and near-infrared upconversion photoluminescence in colloidal LiYF4:Er3+ nanocrystals under excitation at 1490 nm,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4981–4986 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (1)

M. D. Wisser, S. Fischer, P. C. Maurer, N. D. Bronstein, S. Chu, A. P. Alivisatos, A. Salleo, and J. A. Dionne, “Enhancing quantum yield via local symmetry distortion in lanthanide-based upconverting nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 3(8), 1523–1530 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. M. Ward and S. Nic Chormaic, “Thermo-optical tuning of whispering gallery modes in Er: Yb co-doped phosphate glass microspheres,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 847–850 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Wang and J. Ohwaki, “New transparent vitroceramics codoped with Er3+ and Yb3+ for efficient frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(24), 3268–3270 (1993).
[Crossref]

V. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, I. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxy-fluoride glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(11), 1937–1939 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

Y. Wu, J. M. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Ultralow threshold green lasing and optical bistability in ZBNA (ZrF4–BaF2–NaF–AlF3) microspheres,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(3), 033103 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. A. Pollack, D. B. Chang, and N. L. Moise, “Upconversion-pumped infrared erbium laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(12), 4077–4086 (1986).
[Crossref]

G. Qin, W. Qin, S. Huang, C. Wu, D. Zhao, B. Chen, S. Lu, and E. Shulin, “Infrared-to-violet upconversion from Yb3+ and Er3+ codoped amorphous fluoride film prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(11), 6936–6938 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[Crossref]

J. Fluor. Chem. (1)

P. P. Fedorov, A. A. Luginina, and A. I. Popov, “Transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Fluor. Chem. 172, 22–50 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

J. Yang, S. Dai, N. Dai, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Investigation on nonradiative decay of 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition of Er3+-doped oxide glasses,” J. Lumin. 106(1), 9–14 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+–Yb3+ co-doped glass ceramics containing BaF2 nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(28), 3273–3277 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. N. Houde-Walter, P. M. Peters, J. F. Stebbins, and Q. Zeng, “Hydroxyl-contents and hydroxyl-related concentration quenching in erbium-doped aluminophosphate, aluminosilicate and fluorosilicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 286(1-2), 118–131 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

H. Inoue, A. Masuno, and Y. Watanabe, “Modeling of the structure of sodium borosilicate glasses using pair potentials,” J. Phys. Chem. B 116(40), 12325–12331 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Inoue, A. Masuno, S. Kohara, and Y. Watanabe, “The local structure and vibrational properties of BaTi2O5 glass revealed by molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 117(22), 6823–6829 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, J.-L. Adam, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped 50SiO2–20Al2O3–30CaF2 glass and glass ceramics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(29), 6937–6951 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Watkins, J. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Thermo-optical tuning of whispering gallery modes in Erbium: Ytterbium doped glass microspheres to arbitrary probe wavelengths,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 51(5R), 052501 (2012).
[Crossref]

NPG Asia Mater. (1)

Y. Yu, Z. Fang, C. Ma, H. Inoue, G. Yang, S. Zheng, D. Chen, Z. Yang, A. Masuno, J. Orava, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Mesoscale engineering of photonic glass for tunable luminescence,” NPG Asia Mater. 8(10), e318 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

M. Kochanowicz, J. Zmojda, and D. Dorosz, “Fluorosilicate and fluorophosphate superfluorescent multicore optical fibers co-doped with Nd3+/Yb3+,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(3), 245–249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Up-conversion luminescence and near infrared luminescence of Er3+ in transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 27(3), 597–603 (2004).
[Crossref]

Photon. Res. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

T. J. Kippenberg, J. Kalkman, A. Polman, and K. J. Vahala, “Demonstration of an erbium-doped microdisk laser on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. A 74(5), 051802 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54(3), R1777–R1780 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

C. B. Layne, W. H. Lowdermilk, and M. J. Weber, “Multiphonon relaxation of rare-earth ions in oxide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 16(1), 10–20 (1977).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

J. M. Ward, A. Maimaiti, V. H. Le, and S Nic Chormaic, “Contributed review: optical micro- and nanofiber pulling rig,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(11), 111501 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

J. M. Parker and P. W. France, “Optical properties of halide glasses,” in Glasses and Glass-Ceramics (Springer, 1989), pp. 156–202.

M. J. Weber, Recent Developments in Laser Glasses (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., 1983).

M. J. F. Digonnet, Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, Revised and Expanded (CRC Press, 2001).

Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       the luminescent emission video of a different Yb3+/Er3+ codoped fluorosilicate glass microsphere (diameter circa 110 µm) at different pump powers from a 980 nm laser diode.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Transmission spectrum of the compound glass sample of 70Si-1.5Yb3+-0.2Er3+, inset: image of the obtained glass samples with different Yb3+ and Er3+ doping compositions.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The emission spectra of the Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fluorosilicate glasses with different Er3+ and Yb3+ concentrations under 980 nm excitation.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic energy level diagrams for the Yb3+–Er3+ co-doped upconversion mechanisms under 980 nm excitation. ET: Energy Transfer.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The emission spectra of the Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fluorosilicate glass sample (green line), NaYF4 GC sample (red line), LaF3 GC sample (blue line) and Tellurate glass sample (purple line) with 980 nm excitation.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Upconversion quantum yield as a function of excitation power. A peak yield of 1.04% is noted.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 MD simulations for (a) F and (b) O atomic distributions; average coordination numbers and the partial distributions of (c)Si-F bond and (d) Si-O bond. The average coordination numbers of Si-F and Si-O are 3.9 and 4.1, and their bonds distances were calculated to be1.49 and 1.60 Å, respectively.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 X-ray diffraction pattern from a fluorosilicate glass sample.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Normalized electric-dipole transition probabilities for 2H9/24I15/2, 2H11/24I15/2, 4S3/24I15/2, and 4F9/24I15/2 transitions.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Laser emission from the Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped fluorosilicate glass microsphere when the absorbed pump power reaches 700 μW, inset: emission images of the Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped fluorosilicate glass microsphere (diameter 58 µm). The microsphere was excited on the upper edge of the sphere by using a silica fiber taper (diameter circa 1 µm), and the emission spectra were detected via the tapered fiber pigtail.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Microsphere output power as a function of estimated absorbed pump power at 545.57 nm. The straight red line is a linear fit to the experimental data.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Microscope images of microsphere coupled to a silica microfiber with a diameter of ~1 μm: (a) pump laser off; the power of the pump laser is (b) 16.8 mW, (c) 25 mW and (d) 40 mW (Visualization 1).
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Luminescent emission spectra for Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped microspheres when the intensity of the 980 nm input light is (A) 16.8 mW, (B) 25 mW and (C) 40 mW.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Φ i j ( r ) = e 2 4 π ε 0 Z i Z j r + B i j exp ( r ρ i j ) ,