Abstract

We demonstrate a programmable microwave photonic bandpass filter with a rectangular frequency response and a reconfigurable spectral resolution. We achieved these features through dual-sidebands processing of a phase modulated signal using a network of four optical ring resonators in a low-loss silicon nitride (Si3N4) circuit. Furthermore, we integrate a pair of optical ring resonators in the same circuit to precisely control the amplitude and phase of the optical carrier to enhance the noise performance of the filter. We achieved filtering with a tunable bandwidth from 2 to 7 GHz with optical carrier suppression up to 6 dB, a maximum RF gain of -10 dB, and a minimum noise figure of 27 dB. These experiments are expected to provide a feasible design to approach fully integrated microwave photonic filters with improved link gain and reduced noise figure.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2019 (2)

2018 (2)

H. Jiang, L. Yan, and D. Marpaung, “Chip-based arbitrary radio-frequency photonic filter with algorithm-driven reconfigurable resolution,” Opt. Lett. 43(3), 415–418 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

2015 (1)

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

Z. Zhang, B. Huang, Z. Zhang, C. Cheng, and H. Chen, “Microwave photonic filter with reconfigurable and tunable bandpass response using integrated optical signal processor based on microring resonator,” Opt. Eng. 52(12), 127102 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Zhuang, C. Taddei, M. Hoekman, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, P. van Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Ring resonator-based on-chip modulation transformer for high-performance phase-modulated microwave photonic links,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25999–26013 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Zhang, X. Feng, and Y. Huang, “Tunable and Reconfigurable bandpass microwave photonic filters utilizing integrated optical processor on silicon-on-insulator substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1502–1505 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2000 (1)

S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, and J. Chazelas, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for microwave signal modulation depth increase in optical links,” Electron. Lett. 36(11), 944–946 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. J. LaGasse and S. Thaniyavarn, “Bias -Free High-Dynamic-Range Phase-Modulated Fiber-Optic Link,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(5), 681–683 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

M. J. LaGasse, W. Charczenko, M. C. Hamilton, and S. Thaniyavarn, “Optical carrier filtering for high dynamic range fibre optic links,” Electron. Lett. 30(25), 2157–2158 (1994).
[Crossref]

Abarkan, M.

Alippi, A.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Aryanfar, I.

Baets, R.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Benelajla, M.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bentum, M. J.

Bienstman, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bogaerts, W.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Boller, K. J.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Boller, K.-J.

Burla, M.

Capmany, J.

D. Marpaung, J. Yao, and J. Capmany, “Integrated microwave photonics,” Nat. Photonics 13(2), 80–90 (2019).
[Crossref]

Charczenko, W.

M. J. LaGasse, W. Charczenko, M. C. Hamilton, and S. Thaniyavarn, “Optical carrier filtering for high dynamic range fibre optic links,” Electron. Lett. 30(25), 2157–2158 (1994).
[Crossref]

Charlet, G.

S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, and J. Chazelas, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for microwave signal modulation depth increase in optical links,” Electron. Lett. 36(11), 944–946 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chazelas, J.

S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, and J. Chazelas, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for microwave signal modulation depth increase in optical links,” Electron. Lett. 36(11), 944–946 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Z. Zhang, B. Huang, Z. Zhang, C. Cheng, and H. Chen, “Microwave photonic filter with reconfigurable and tunable bandpass response using integrated optical signal processor based on microring resonator,” Opt. Eng. 52(12), 127102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheng, C.

Z. Zhang, B. Huang, Z. Zhang, C. Cheng, and H. Chen, “Microwave photonic filter with reconfigurable and tunable bandpass response using integrated optical signal processor based on microring resonator,” Opt. Eng. 52(12), 127102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Choudary, A.

Claes, T.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Daulay, O.

De Heyn, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

De Vos, K.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dekker, R.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dolfi, D.

S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, and J. Chazelas, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for microwave signal modulation depth increase in optical links,” Electron. Lett. 36(11), 944–946 (2000).
[Crossref]

Dumon, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Eggleton, B. J.

Ehteshami, N.

N. Ehteshami, W. Zhang, and J. Yao, “Optically Tunable Single Passband Microwave Photonic Filter Based on Phase-Modulation to Intensity-Modulation Conversion in a Silicon-on-Insulator Microring Resonator”, Proc. Int. Top. Meet. IEEE Microw. Photon. (2015).

Epping, J. P.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fan, Y.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Feng, X.

D. Zhang, X. Feng, and Y. Huang, “Tunable and Reconfigurable bandpass microwave photonic filters utilizing integrated optical processor on silicon-on-insulator substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1502–1505 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fontana, M.

Geskus, D.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Geuzebroek, D.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gille, S.

Grootjans, R.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Guilbert, L.

Hamilton, M. C.

M. J. LaGasse, W. Charczenko, M. C. Hamilton, and S. Thaniyavarn, “Optical carrier filtering for high dynamic range fibre optic links,” Electron. Lett. 30(25), 2157–2158 (1994).
[Crossref]

Heideman, R.

Heideman, R. G.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hoekman, M.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Zhuang, C. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, K.-J. Boller, and A. J. Lowery, “Programmable photonic signal processor chip for radiofrequency applications,” Optica 2(10), 854–859 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Zhuang, C. Taddei, M. Hoekman, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, P. van Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Ring resonator-based on-chip modulation transformer for high-performance phase-modulated microwave photonic links,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25999–26013 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hotten, J.

Hu, W.

Huang, B.

Z. Zhang, B. Huang, Z. Zhang, C. Cheng, and H. Chen, “Microwave photonic filter with reconfigurable and tunable bandpass response using integrated optical signal processor based on microring resonator,” Opt. Eng. 52(12), 127102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

D. Zhang, X. Feng, and Y. Huang, “Tunable and Reconfigurable bandpass microwave photonic filters utilizing integrated optical processor on silicon-on-insulator substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1502–1505 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huignard, J.-P.

S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, and J. Chazelas, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for microwave signal modulation depth increase in optical links,” Electron. Lett. 36(11), 944–946 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hulzinga, A.

Jaouen, Y.

Jiang, H.

Joorna, P.

Klein, E. J.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kumar Selvaraja, S.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

LaGasse, M. J.

M. J. LaGasse and S. Thaniyavarn, “Bias -Free High-Dynamic-Range Phase-Modulated Fiber-Optic Link,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(5), 681–683 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. J. LaGasse, W. Charczenko, M. C. Hamilton, and S. Thaniyavarn, “Optical carrier filtering for high dynamic range fibre optic links,” Electron. Lett. 30(25), 2157–2158 (1994).
[Crossref]

Leinse, A.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Zhuang, C. Taddei, M. Hoekman, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, P. van Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Ring resonator-based on-chip modulation transformer for high-performance phase-modulated microwave photonic links,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25999–26013 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Z. Zhu, Y. Liu, M. Merklein, O. Daulay, D. Marpaung, and B. J. Eggleton, “Positive link gain microwave photonic bandpass filter using Si3N4-ring-enabled sideband filtering and carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 27(22), 31727–31740 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, J. Hotten, A. Choudary, B. J. Eggleton, and D. Marpaung, “All-optimized integrated RF photonic notch filter,” Opt. Lett. 42(22), 4631–4634 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lowery, A. J.

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S.

Madsen, C. K.

C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, “Optical Filter Design and Analysis,” Optical Filter Design and Analysis.1999.

Marchenko, D.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Marpaung, D.

D. Marpaung, J. Yao, and J. Capmany, “Integrated microwave photonics,” Nat. Photonics 13(2), 80–90 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, Y. Liu, M. Merklein, O. Daulay, D. Marpaung, and B. J. Eggleton, “Positive link gain microwave photonic bandpass filter using Si3N4-ring-enabled sideband filtering and carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 27(22), 31727–31740 (2019).
[Crossref]

H. Jiang, L. Yan, and D. Marpaung, “Chip-based arbitrary radio-frequency photonic filter with algorithm-driven reconfigurable resolution,” Opt. Lett. 43(3), 415–418 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, J. Hotten, A. Choudary, B. J. Eggleton, and D. Marpaung, “All-optimized integrated RF photonic notch filter,” Opt. Lett. 42(22), 4631–4634 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Choudary, I. Aryanfar, S. Shahnia, B. Morrison, K. Vu, S. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, D. Marpaung, and B. J. Eggleton, “Tailoring of the Brillouin gain for on-chip widely tunable and reconfigurable broadband microwave photonic filters,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 436–439 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Meijerink, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. Meijerink, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, M. J. Bentum, M. Burla, J. Verpoorte, P. Joorna, A. Hulzinga, and W. van Etten, “Novel Ring Resonator-Based Integrated Photonic Beamformer for Broadband Phased Array Receive Antennas – Part I: Design and Performance Analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(1), 3–18 (2010).
[Crossref]

Marpaung, D. A. I.

D. A. I. Marpaung, “High Dynamic Range Analog Photonic Links: Design and Implementation,” Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands, 2009.

Meijerink, A.

Meijerink, R.

Merklein, M.

Morrison, B.

Oldenbeuving, R. M.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Roeloffzen, C.

Roeloffzen, C. G. H.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Meijerink, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, R. Meijerink, L. Zhuang, D. Marpaung, M. J. Bentum, M. Burla, J. Verpoorte, P. Joorna, A. Hulzinga, and W. van Etten, “Novel Ring Resonator-Based Integrated Photonic Beamformer for Broadband Phased Array Receive Antennas – Part I: Design and Performance Analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(1), 3–18 (2010).
[Crossref]

Salvestrini, J. P.

Schreider, E.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shahnia, S.

Taballione, C.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Taddei, C.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Zhuang, C. Taddei, M. Hoekman, A. Leinse, R. Heideman, P. van Dijk, and C. Roeloffzen, “Ring resonator-based on-chip modulation transformer for high-performance phase-modulated microwave photonic links,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25999–26013 (2013).
[Crossref]

Thaniyavarn, S.

M. J. LaGasse and S. Thaniyavarn, “Bias -Free High-Dynamic-Range Phase-Modulated Fiber-Optic Link,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(5), 681–683 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. J. LaGasse, W. Charczenko, M. C. Hamilton, and S. Thaniyavarn, “Optical carrier filtering for high dynamic range fibre optic links,” Electron. Lett. 30(25), 2157–2158 (1994).
[Crossref]

Timens, R. B.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tonda-Goldstein, S.

S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, and J. Chazelas, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for microwave signal modulation depth increase in optical links,” Electron. Lett. 36(11), 944–946 (2000).
[Crossref]

van Dijk, P.

van Dijk, P. W. L.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

van Etten, W.

van Rees, A.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Van Thourhout, D.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Van Vaerenbergh, T.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Verpoorte, J.

Visscher, I.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Vu, K.

Wei, W.

Wevers, L. S.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Worhoff, K.

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yan, L.

Yao, J.

D. Marpaung, J. Yao, and J. Capmany, “Integrated microwave photonics,” Nat. Photonics 13(2), 80–90 (2019).
[Crossref]

N. Ehteshami, W. Zhang, and J. Yao, “Optically Tunable Single Passband Microwave Photonic Filter Based on Phase-Modulation to Intensity-Modulation Conversion in a Silicon-on-Insulator Microring Resonator”, Proc. Int. Top. Meet. IEEE Microw. Photon. (2015).

Yi, L.

Zhang, D.

D. Zhang, X. Feng, and Y. Huang, “Tunable and Reconfigurable bandpass microwave photonic filters utilizing integrated optical processor on silicon-on-insulator substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1502–1505 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

N. Ehteshami, W. Zhang, and J. Yao, “Optically Tunable Single Passband Microwave Photonic Filter Based on Phase-Modulation to Intensity-Modulation Conversion in a Silicon-on-Insulator Microring Resonator”, Proc. Int. Top. Meet. IEEE Microw. Photon. (2015).

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, B. Huang, Z. Zhang, C. Cheng, and H. Chen, “Microwave photonic filter with reconfigurable and tunable bandpass response using integrated optical signal processor based on microring resonator,” Opt. Eng. 52(12), 127102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, B. Huang, Z. Zhang, C. Cheng, and H. Chen, “Microwave photonic filter with reconfigurable and tunable bandpass response using integrated optical signal processor based on microring resonator,” Opt. Eng. 52(12), 127102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J. H.

C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, “Optical Filter Design and Analysis,” Optical Filter Design and Analysis.1999.

Zhu, Z.

Zhuang, L.

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. J. LaGasse, W. Charczenko, M. C. Hamilton, and S. Thaniyavarn, “Optical carrier filtering for high dynamic range fibre optic links,” Electron. Lett. 30(25), 2157–2158 (1994).
[Crossref]

S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, G. Charlet, and J. Chazelas, “Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for microwave signal modulation depth increase in optical links,” Electron. Lett. 36(11), 944–946 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, E. J. Klein, L. S. Wevers, R. B. Timens, D. Marchenko, D. Geskus, R. Dekker, A. Alippi, R. Grootjans, A. van Rees, R. M. Oldenbeuving, J. P. Epping, R. G. Heideman, K. Worhoff, A. Leinse, D. Geuzebroek, E. Schreider, P. W. L. van Dijk, I. Visscher, C. Taddei, Y. Fan, C. Taballione, Y. Liu, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, M. Benelajla, and K. J. Boller, “Low-loss Si3N4 TriPleX optical waveguides: Technology and applications overview,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(4), 1–21 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

M. J. LaGasse and S. Thaniyavarn, “Bias -Free High-Dynamic-Range Phase-Modulated Fiber-Optic Link,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(5), 681–683 (1997).
[Crossref]

D. Zhang, X. Feng, and Y. Huang, “Tunable and Reconfigurable bandpass microwave photonic filters utilizing integrated optical processor on silicon-on-insulator substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1502–1505 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonator,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. Marpaung, J. Yao, and J. Capmany, “Integrated microwave photonics,” Nat. Photonics 13(2), 80–90 (2019).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

Z. Zhang, B. Huang, Z. Zhang, C. Cheng, and H. Chen, “Microwave photonic filter with reconfigurable and tunable bandpass response using integrated optical signal processor based on microring resonator,” Opt. Eng. 52(12), 127102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Optica (1)

Other (3)

D. A. I. Marpaung, “High Dynamic Range Analog Photonic Links: Design and Implementation,” Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands, 2009.

C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, “Optical Filter Design and Analysis,” Optical Filter Design and Analysis.1999.

N. Ehteshami, W. Zhang, and J. Yao, “Optically Tunable Single Passband Microwave Photonic Filter Based on Phase-Modulation to Intensity-Modulation Conversion in a Silicon-on-Insulator Microring Resonator”, Proc. Int. Top. Meet. IEEE Microw. Photon. (2015).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. The principle and experimental setup of the proposed on-chip programmable bandpass filter with integrated optical carrier suppression. Four ring resonators were used to form the square-shaped filter passband. Two more ring resonators were used to partially suppress the optical carrier to emulate low-biasing technique. An optical amplifier (EDFA) was then used to compensate the carrier suppression. The result was a square-shaped bandpass filter with improved noise figure; RF: radio frequency, EDFA: erbium-doped-fiber-amplifier, PC: polarization controller, OC: over-coupling, UC: under-coupling, PD: photodetector.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Simulated and measured RF responses of bandpass filter with multiple bandwidths.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Measured RF gain when optical carrier suppression was implemented in the filter. When optical carrier was suppressed by 6 dB, the RF link gain falls with the same amount (blue dashed trace). When gain compensating using EDFA was implemented, RF link gain advantage was obtained (red trace).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Comparison of calculated and measured gain enhancement and noise figure reduction of the microwave photonic links depicted in Fig. 1. When gain compensating using EDFA was implemented, noise performance enhancement was obtained.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. The intensity modulator based experimental setup for optical carrier suppression with optical ring resonator (a) and low-biasing technique (b).
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Comparison of calculated and measured gain enhancement and noise figure reduction of the microwave photonic links depicted in Fig. 5. The low biasing technique shows advantages compared to optical carrier suppression technique.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Programmable MWP bandpass filter modelling parameters.

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E p m ( t ) = P i e j ω c t n = 1 n = 1 J n ( m ) e j n ω R F t
E p ( t ) = P i e j ω c t ( α J 0 ( m ) e j θ α + β J 1 ( m ) e j ( ω R F t + θ β ) γ J 1 ( m ) e j ( ω R F t + θ γ ) )
α = T 1 ( ω c ) T 2 ( ω c ) θ α = θ 1 ( ω c ) + θ 2 ( ω c ) β = T 3 ( ω c + ω R F ) T 4 ( ω c + ω R F ) θ β = θ 3 ( ω c + ω R F ) + θ 4 ( ω c + ω R F ) γ = T 5 ( ω c ω R F ) T 6 ( ω c ω R F ) θ γ = θ 5 ( ω c ω R F ) + θ 6 ( ω c ω R F )
T k ( ω ) e j θ k ( ω ) = a k c k e j k ( ω ) 1 a k c k e j k ( ω ) e j [ π + k ( ω ) ] k = 1 , 2 , , 6
I ( t ) = R P D P d e t ( t ) = R P D E p ( t ) E p ( t ) R P D P i [ B 1 + B 2 B 3 ]
P R F = ( R P D P i G EDFA [ B 2 B 3 ] ) 2 R L
B 1 = α 2 J 0 2 ( m ) + ( β 2 + γ 2 ) J 1 2 ( m ) Δ θ 1 = θ α θ β B 2 = 2 α β J 0 ( m ) J 1 ( m ) cos ( ω R F t Δ θ 1 ) Δ θ 2 = θ α θ γ B 3 = 2 α γ J 0 ( m ) J 1 ( m ) cos ( ω R F t Δ θ 2 )
N F = 174 G + ( N t h + ( N R I N + N s h ) 4 )
E i m ( t ) = 1 2 P i e j ω c t ( 1 + e j φ B ) n = 1 n = 1 J n ( m ) e j n ω R F t
I R R ( t ) = 1 2 R P D P i G E D F A ( 1 + c o s φ B ) [ ( α 2 J 0 2 ( m ) + 2 J 1 2 ( m ) ) + 2 α J 0 ( m ) J 1 ( m ) c o s ( ω R F t + θ α ) + 2 α J 0 ( m ) J 1 ( m ) c o s ( ω R F t θ α ) ]
I L B ( t ) = 1 2 R P D P i G E D F A ( 1 + c o s φ B ) [ ( J 0 2 ( m ) + 2 J 1 2 ( m ) ) + 4 J 0 ( m ) J 1 ( m ) c o s ( ω R F t ) ]
P r e s / P i = ( 2 / π ) η Q ( FSR / v )

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