Abstract

Photoinduced quantum dynamics in molecules have hierarchical temporal structures with different energy scales that are associated with electron and nuclear motions. Femtosecond-to-attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy (TAS) using high-harmonic generation (HHG) with a photon energy below 300 eV has been a powerful tool to observe such electron and nuclear dynamics in a table-top manner. However, comprehensive measurements of the electronic, vibrational, and rotational molecular dynamics have not yet been achieved. Here we demonstrate HHG-based TAS at the nitrogen $K$-edge (400 eV) for the first time to our knowledge and observe all the electronic, vibrational, and rotational degrees of freedom in a nitric oxide molecule at attosecond to sub-picosecond time scales. This method of employing core-to-valence transitions offers an all-optical approach to reveal the complete molecular dynamics in photochemical reactions with element and electronic state specificity.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

1. INTRODUCTION

The observation of electronic and nuclear dynamics in molecules initiated by light is critical for understanding the fundamental mechanisms in photoinduced chemical and physical processes [1]. Pump-probe spectroscopy using high harmonics (HHs) has enabled table-top measurements of ultrafast dynamics with femtosecond-to-attosecond temporal resolution through photoelectron/ion spectroscopy [24], high-harmonic spectroscopy [5,6], and transient absorption spectroscopy (TAS) [716]. In particular, TAS has unique advantages over the other techniques: it is unaffected by the existence of strong laser fields, it is state specific even if the probe pulse has a broadband spectrum, and it is free of the space charge problem. Because of these characteristics, TAS is one of the most ideal techniques for laser-based pump-probe experiments for a wide range of atoms and molecules. To date, by using TAS in the extreme ultraviolet (XUV) region below $\sim\!{100}\;{\rm eV}$, real-time observations of electronic processes such as autoionization [7,8], valence electron motion [9], and tunnel ionization [10], the emergence of laser-dressed states [11] and nuclear dynamics [1214] have been demonstrated. Couplings between the electronic and nuclear degrees of freedom have also been observed [15,16]. Recently, thanks to advances in the development of high-harmonic generation (HHG) driven by long-wavelength, intense infrared (IR) light sources [1721], TAS in the soft x-ray (SX) region around the water window (from 284 to 543 eV) has become possible [2225]. Short-wavelength SX pulses are expected to enable element-specific TAS in complex molecules in various environments such as in solvents [26] or on surfaces.

However, until now, there has been no TAS measurement that resolves all the electronic, vibrational, and rotational dynamics in molecules simultaneously. Moreover, the maximum photon energy in TAS is mostly limited below 300 eV for molecular targets, which hinders the use of important absorption edges with 1s core states. In particular, TAS in the XUV region has difficulty in resolving molecular rotation because the molecular orbitals that are associated to XUV absorption belong to d or p shells and have relatively complex orbital shapes.

Here we demonstrate that electronic, vibrational, and rotational dynamics at attosecond to sub-picosecond time scales can be simultaneously observed by HHG-based TAS in the SX region. As a target molecule, we choose nitric oxide (NO). NO is not only a good prototype for understanding fundamental dynamics because of its simple structure, but it is also important in photochemical reactions in the atmosphere or in laser filaments [27]. TAS is conducted with attosecond SX HHs around 400 eV (nitrogen $K$-edge). Our results will pave the way for the realization of complete measurements of entangled electronic and nuclear dynamics with element specificity.

2. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

A. TAS of NO Molecules at 400 eV

Figure 1(a) shows a schematic of the experimental setup. We employ a ${{\rm BiB}_3}{{\rm O}_6}$-based optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier operating at 1.6 µm with a pulse duration of 10 fs and a repetition rate of 1 kHz as an HHG driver [28]. Attosecond SX pulses obtained by HHG in helium are used as probe pulses, while the IR fundamental pulses are used as pump pulses. The two pulses are collinearly focused into an NO gas cell with piezo-controlled delays. The intensity of the pump pulse is set to $\sim\!{1} \times {{10}^{14}}\;{\rm W}/{{\rm cm}^2}$. The transmitted SX spectra are measured by a spectrometer consisting of a slit, an aluminum filter, a flat-field grating, and an x-ray charge-coupled device (CCD) camera (for details, see Supplement 1 Section 1). A typical SX spectrum without the NO gas cell is shown in Fig. 1(b). The maximum photon energy reaches above 450 eV, sufficiently covering the nitrogen $K$-edge. From the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) dependence of the HH spectrum (Supplement 1 Section 1), it is estimated that an isolated attosecond pulse is obtained around the nitrogen $K$-edge (370–450 eV) with an appropriate CEP. The variation of group delay in this spectral range, which limits the temporal resolution of TAS, is estimated to be $\sim\!{200}$ as by a calculation based on the strong-field approximation. The energy levels of NO relevant to our experiment are depicted in Fig. 1(c). The SX pulse excites an electron in the N 1s core level to the ${2}\pi $ valence level or the Rydberg levels. The measured transient absorption spectrum around 400 eV is shown in Fig. 1(d). Here the transient absorbance at a delay of $\tau $ and a photon energy of $E$ is defined as $\Delta A(\tau , E) = - {{\rm log}_{10}}(I(\tau , E)/{I_0}(E))$, where $I(\tau , E)$ and ${I_0}(E)$ are the transmitted SX intensities at a delay of $\tau $ and at a sufficiently large negative delay (typically, $\sim - {100}\;{\rm fs}$), respectively. The data accumulation time for one delay point in Fig. 1(d) is 90 s. The measured static absorbance spectrum of NO is shown as black circles in Fig. 1(e). The green curve in Fig. 1(e) is a reference absorbance measured by a synchrotron source [29], which agrees well with our measurement. The assignments of the absorption peaks are obtained by ab initio calculations (for details, see Supplement 1 Section 2). The strong peak at 399.8 eV and the weak peaks around 407.5 eV are the 1s-${2}\pi $ and 1s-Rydberg peaks of neutral NO, respectively. In the calculation, the position of the 1s-${2}\pi $ peak of ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ is also determined to be 403.3 eV.

 figure: Fig. 1.

Fig. 1. TAS of NO in the SX region. (a) Schematic of the experimental setup. (b) Typical SX spectrum obtained by HHG in helium. (c) Energy levels of NO that are relevant to TAS (right) and the shapes of the N 1s and ${2}\pi $ orbitals (left). (d) Measured transient absorption spectrum. The color scale represents the transient absorbance $\Delta {\rm A}$ (the definition is described in the main text). (e) Static absorbance of NO without the IR pump pulses measured in our experiment (black circles) and in a synchrotron (green curve). The calculated positions of the NO and ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ 1s-${2}\pi $ peaks are indicated by the blue and red lines, respectively.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

The main feature in the measured transient absorption spectrum in Fig. 1(d) is the suppression of the NO 1s-${2}\pi $ peak and the emergence of the ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ 1s-${2}\pi $ peak when the IR pulse precedes the SX pulse. This indicates the generation of ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ by strong-field ionization. Moreover, around the delay origin, the NO 1s-Rydberg peaks are modulated in the presence of a strong IR field. This is due to the AC Stark shift and the emergence of laser-dressed states, which are similar to those observed in previous TAS studies of atoms and molecules [11,15,16,24]. Here we focus on the NO and ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ 1s-${2}\pi $ peaks and discuss the dynamics of strong-field ionization and the subsequent nuclear motions.

B. Attosecond Electronic Dynamics

First, we describe the attosecond strong-field ionization dynamics. Figure 2(a) shows the transient absorption spectrum with fine delay steps (400 as) around the delay zero. The data accumulation time for one delay point is 270 s. The line plots of the transient absorbance of the NO and ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ 1s-${2}\pi $ peaks are shown in Fig. 2(b). In both NO and ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ 1s-${2}\pi $ peaks, in addition to the monotonic decrease and increase of the absorbance due to ionization, clear oscillatory structures with a period of a half cycle of the pump IR pulse (2.7 fs) are observed. Here the total ionization probability is estimated to be $ \sim 3\% $ from the measured static absorbance and transient absorbance of the NO 1s-${2}\pi $ peak. The phase of the observed oscillation is opposite for the NO and ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ 1s-${2}\pi $ peaks, indicating that the possible origin of the oscillation is the change of the hole population in NO during strong-field ionization. This type of oscillation was recently observed in xenon atoms by Sabbar et al. [30] and called the ground-state polarization effect. In typical tunnel ionization, the hole population increases stepwise, reflecting the fact that tunnel ionization is a highly nonlinear process and that ionization dominantly occurs at the local maxima of the laser intensity [3,10]. However, when ground-state polarization takes place in addition to tunnel ionization, a fraction of the outgoing electron wave packet is pulled back to the parent ion by its Coulomb potential, resulting in an oscillatory structure in the temporal evolution of the hole population. The clear oscillation observed in our experiment will provide a clue to understanding the electronic dynamics in molecules that occur at the sub-optical-cycle time scale during strong-field ionization.

 figure: Fig. 2.

Fig. 2. Attosecond strong-field ionization dynamics. (a) Measured attosecond transient absorption spectrum of NO with fine delay steps around the delay origin. (b) Transient absorbance of the NO 1s-${2}\pi $ peak (blue circles, averaged from 398.7 to 400.6 eV) and the ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ 1s-${2}\pi $ peak (red circles, averaged from 401.7 to 403.6 eV). The solid curves are their three-point rolling averages, and the shaded areas indicate the errors.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

C. Femtosecond Vibrational Dynamics

Second, we discuss the vibrational dynamics of the electronic ground state of ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ triggered by strong-field ionization. Figure 3(a) shows the delay-dependent central energies of the ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ 1s-${2}\pi $ peak extracted by Gaussian fitting. A clear oscillation with a period of ${14.5} \pm {0.1}\;{\rm fs}$ is observed. The obtained oscillation period agrees well with the value from the literature for the vibration period of ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ (14.23 fs) [31]. The initial phase of the vibration is determined to be (${0.17} \pm {0.08}$) $\pi $ rad, where ${0}\pi $ and ${0.5}\pi $ mean perfect “cosine-like” and “sine-like” phases, respectively. This implies that the observed oscillation is close to cosine-like.

 figure: Fig. 3.

Fig. 3. Coherent molecular vibration. (a) Measured central energy of the ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ 1s-${2}\pi $ peak as a function of the delay (circles). The solid curve is the fitting result with a cosine function plus a Gaussian function around the time origin. The dashed curve is the cosine component of the fitting result. (b) Potential energy curves of the relevant states obtained by the ab initio calculation and a schematic of the mechanism of the molecular vibration.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

The mechanism of the observed oscillation in the 1s-${2}\pi $ peak energy, as well as its initial phase, can be explained by the potential energy curves of NO and ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ obtained by the ab initio calculation [Fig. 3(b)]. Upon ionization, a vibrational wave packet is created on the electronic ground state of ${{\rm NO}^ + }$. Because the equilibrium internuclear distance of ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ is smaller than that of NO, the created vibrational wave packet in ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ is displaced from the bottom of the potential energy curve and thus starts vibrating. The oscillation of the internuclear distance is directly mapped to the transition energy between the 1s and ${2}\pi $ levels, as the transition energy monotonically decreases with respect to the internuclear distance. This mechanism [13,14] is consistent with the experimentally observed cosine-like initial phase. In addition to the coherent vibration, the observed central energy of the ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ 1s-${2}\pi $ peak contains a unidirectional upper shift around the delay origin. This shift might be explained by the AC Stark shift or artifacts in the extraction process of the peak central energy due to the laser-dressed Rydberg states [404–406 eV in Fig. 2(a)] above the ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ 1s-${2}\pi $ peak.

D. Sub-Picosecond Rotational Dynamics

Finally, we describe the rotational dynamics. Figure 4(a) shows the transient absorbance of the NO 1s-${2}\pi $ peak, averaged from 398.7 to 400.6 eV. The circles are the measured data, and the solid curves are the calculation results. The calculation contains two signals: tunnel ionization and molecular rotation. The tunnel ionization signal is the abrupt decrease of the absorbance around the delay zero, whose shape is determined from sigmoid fitting of the transient absorbance of the ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ 1s-${2}\pi $ peak. The molecular rotation signal is the slow increase or decrease of the absorbance, which is simulated by the time-dependent Schrödinger equation for the rotational states of NO with a pump intensity of ${1.3} \times {{10}^{14}}\;{\rm W}/{{\rm cm}^2}$ (for details, see Supplement 1 Section 3). The experiment and the calculation are in good agreement.

 figure: Fig. 4.

Fig. 4. Coherent molecular rotation. (a) Measured (circles) and calculated (solid curves) transient absorbance of the NO 1s-${2}\pi $ peak averaged from 398.7 to 400.6 eV. The blue and red data are measured when the polarizations of the SX and IR pulses are perpendicular and parallel, respectively. (b) Schematic of the mechanism of the SX absorption change upon molecular alignment.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

The mechanism of the molecular rotation and its effect on the SX absorption are depicted in Fig. 4(b). When an NO molecule is irradiated by a linearly polarized strong IR pulse, it begins to align with the polarization of the IR pulse via the interaction between the induced dipole moment and the laser electric field [32]. Meanwhile, the transition dipole moment between the 1s and ${2}\pi $ orbitals is perpendicular to the molecular axis. Therefore, if the polarization of the SX pulse is perpendicular to that of the IR pulse, the inner product between the SX polarization and the 1s-${2}\pi $ transition dipole moment increases as the NO molecule aligns, resulting in an increase in the SX absorption. Conversely, if the polarization of the SX pulse is parallel to that of the IR pulse, the SX absorption decreases. In Fig. 4(a), there is a bump structure with a peak at approximately 80 fs. This reflects the fact that the molecular alignment occurs at $\sim{80}\;{\rm fs}$; subsequently, the alignment is lost due to the dephasing among the rotational states.

Note that the rotational dynamics observed in our experiment are difficult to access by conventional TAS in the XUV region using d or p inner shells. The reason is that the d or p inner shells are usually energetically degenerate and the transition dipole moment vector for each degenerate state is oriented differently.

3. CONCLUSION

In summary, we demonstrate that electronic and nuclear dynamics of diatomic molecules at attosecond to sub-picosecond time scales can simultaneously be observed by TAS in the SX region, around 400 eV, in a table-top manner. The target sample in our experiment is a prototypical diatomic molecule, NO, but the same technique can be applied to more complex molecules in the gas phase or in solvents, where the element specificity of SX absorption can be fully utilized to understand the molecular dynamics that occur in multiple degrees of freedom at different time scales. Such a technique will be generally applicable to measure the couplings among electronic, vibrational, and rotational dynamics, which are quite common in strong-field-induced molecular dynamics [33,34] and in photo-induced phase-transition dynamics in charge-transfer complexes [35]. Another possible application is photocatalysis, where electronic charge transfer and nuclear dynamics (e.g., molecular vibration and molecular orientation with respect to the catalyst surface) play critical roles [36,37]. Attosecond TAS in the SX region can possibly resolve these couplings in transient states during chemical reactions or phase transitions, which is difficult to access with other techniques.

Funding

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JP18H05250, JP18J11286); Air Force Office of Scientific Research (FA9550-16-1-0013); Army Research Office (W911NF-14-1-0383); Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (D18AC00011); National Science Foundation (1806584); Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (JPMXS0118068681); Advanced Leading Graduate Course for Photon Science (ALPS).

Acknowledgment

The authors thank Prof. Akiyoshi Hishikawa, Dr. Mizuho Fushitani, Dr. Akitaka Matsuda, Dr. Hirofumi Yanagisawa, and Mr. Kazma Komatsu for fruitful discussions. Nariyuki Saito was supported by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JP18J11286); Advanced Leading Graduate Course for Photon Science (ALPS). Jiro Itatani was supported by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JP18H05250); Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (JPMXS0118068681). Zenghu Chang was supported by Air Force Office of Scientific Research (FA9550-16-1-0013); Army Research Office (W911NF-14-1-0383); Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (D18AC00011); National Science Foundation (1806584).

Disclosures

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest related to this paper.

 

See Supplement 1 for supporting content.

REFERENCES

1. M. Nisoli, P. Decleva, F. Calegari, A. Palacios, and F. Martín, “Attosecond electron dynamics in molecules,” Chem. Rev. 117, 10760–10825 (2017). [CrossRef]  

2. M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419, 803–807 (2002). [CrossRef]  

3. M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007). [CrossRef]  

4. G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010). [CrossRef]  

5. H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry,” Nature 466, 604–607 (2010). [CrossRef]  

6. D. Shafir, H. Soifer, B. D. Bruner, M. Dagan, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and N. Dudovich, “Resolving the time when an electron exits a tunnelling barrier,” Nature 485, 343–346 (2012). [CrossRef]  

7. H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 143002 (2010). [CrossRef]  

8. C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014). [CrossRef]  

9. E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466, 739–743 (2010). [CrossRef]  

10. A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011). [CrossRef]  

11. M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle oscillations in virtual states brought to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013). [CrossRef]  

12. Z.-H. Loh and S. R. Leone, “Ultrafast strong-field dissociative ionization dynamics of CH2Br2 probed by femtosecond soft x-ray transient absorption spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 128, 204302 (2008). [CrossRef]  

13. E. R. Hosler and S. R. Leone, “Characterization of vibrational wave packets by core-level high-harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 023420 (2013). [CrossRef]  

14. Z. Wei, J. Li, L. Wang, S. T. See, M. H. Jhon, Y. Zhang, F. Shi, M. Yang, and Z.-H. Loh, “Elucidating the origins of multimode vibrational coherences of polyatomic molecules induced by intense laser fields,” Nat. Commun. 8, 735 (2017). [CrossRef]  

15. E. R. Warrick, W. Cao, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Probing the dynamics of Rydberg and valence states of molecular nitrogen with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 120, 3165–3174 (2016). [CrossRef]  

16. Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94, 023403 (2016). [CrossRef]  

17. T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012). [CrossRef]  

18. N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014). [CrossRef]  

19. S. M. Teichmann, F. Silva, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “0.5-keV Soft X-ray attosecond continua,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11493 (2016). [CrossRef]  

20. J. Li, X. Ren, Y. Yin, Y. Cheng, E. Cunningham, Y. Wu, and Z. Chang, “Polarization gating of high harmonic generation in the water window,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231102 (2016). [CrossRef]  

21. A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018). [CrossRef]  

22. Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355, 264–267 (2017). [CrossRef]  

23. A. R. Attar, A. Bhattacherjee, C. D. Pemmaraju, K. Schnorr, K. D. Closser, D. Prendergast, and S. R. Leone, “Femtosecond x-ray spectroscopy of an electrocyclic ring-opening reaction,” Science 356, 54–59 (2017). [CrossRef]  

24. A. Chew, N. Douguet, C. Cariker, J. Li, E. Lindroth, X. Ren, Y. Yin, L. Argenti, W. T. Hill III, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond transient absorption spectrum of argon at the L2, 3 edge,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 031407 (2018). [CrossRef]  

25. B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

26. C. Kleine, M. Ekimova, G. Goldsztejn, S. Raabe, C. Strüber, J. Ludwig, S. Yarlagadda, S. Eisebitt, M. J. J. Vrakking, T. Elsaesser, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Rouzée, “Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft X-ray source,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52–58 (2019). [CrossRef]  

27. Y. Petit, S. Henin, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Production of ozone and nitrogen oxides by laser filamentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021108 (2010). [CrossRef]  

28. N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Generation of sub-two-cycle millijoule infrared pulses in an optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier and their application to soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy with high-flux high harmonics,” J. Opt. 20, 014003 (2018). [CrossRef]  

29. N. Kosugi, J. Adachi, E. Shigemasa, and A. Yagishita, “High-resolution and symmetry-resolved N and O K-edge absorption spectra of NO,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 8842–8849 (1992). [CrossRef]  

30. M. Sabbar, H. Timmers, Y.-J. Chen, A. K. Pymer, Z.-H. Loh, S. G. Sayres, S. Pabst, R. Santra, and S. R. Leone, “State-resolved attosecond reversible and irreversible dynamics in strong optical fields,” Nat. Phys. 13, 472–478 (2017). [CrossRef]  

31. W. C. Ho, I. Ozier, D. T. Cramb, and M. C. L. Gerry, “Diode laser spectroscopy of the vibrational fundamental of NO+,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 149, 559–561 (1991). [CrossRef]  

32. J. Ortigoso, M. Rodríguez, M. Gupta, and B. Friedrich, “Time evolution of pendular states created by the interaction of molecular polarizability with a pulsed nonresonant laser field,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 3870–3875 (1999). [CrossRef]  

33. X. Urbain, B. Fabre, E. M. Staicu-Casagrande, N. de Ruette, V. M. Andrianarijaona, J. Jureta, J. H. Posthumus, A. Saenz, E. Baldit, and C. Cornaggia, “Intense-laser-field ionization of molecular hydrogen in the tunneling regime and its effect on the vibrational excitation of H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 163004 (2004). [CrossRef]  

34. D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000). [CrossRef]  

35. M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005). [CrossRef]  

36. J. Schneider, M. Matsuoka, M. Takeuchi, J. Zhang, Y. Horiuchi, M. Anpo, and D. W. Bahnemann, “Understanding TiO2 photocatalysis: mechanisms and materials,” Chem. Rev. 114, 9919–9986 (2014). [CrossRef]  

37. H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015). [CrossRef]  

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Nisoli, P. Decleva, F. Calegari, A. Palacios, and F. Martín, “Attosecond electron dynamics in molecules,” Chem. Rev. 117, 10760–10825 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419, 803–807 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  4. G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry,” Nature 466, 604–607 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. Shafir, H. Soifer, B. D. Bruner, M. Dagan, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and N. Dudovich, “Resolving the time when an electron exits a tunnelling barrier,” Nature 485, 343–346 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  7. H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 143002 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466, 739–743 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle oscillations in virtual states brought to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  12. Z.-H. Loh and S. R. Leone, “Ultrafast strong-field dissociative ionization dynamics of CH2Br2 probed by femtosecond soft x-ray transient absorption spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 128, 204302 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  13. E. R. Hosler and S. R. Leone, “Characterization of vibrational wave packets by core-level high-harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 023420 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  14. Z. Wei, J. Li, L. Wang, S. T. See, M. H. Jhon, Y. Zhang, F. Shi, M. Yang, and Z.-H. Loh, “Elucidating the origins of multimode vibrational coherences of polyatomic molecules induced by intense laser fields,” Nat. Commun. 8, 735 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  15. E. R. Warrick, W. Cao, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Probing the dynamics of Rydberg and valence states of molecular nitrogen with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 120, 3165–3174 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  16. Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94, 023403 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  17. T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  18. N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  19. S. M. Teichmann, F. Silva, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “0.5-keV Soft X-ray attosecond continua,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11493 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. Li, X. Ren, Y. Yin, Y. Cheng, E. Cunningham, Y. Wu, and Z. Chang, “Polarization gating of high harmonic generation in the water window,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231102 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  21. A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  22. Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355, 264–267 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. R. Attar, A. Bhattacherjee, C. D. Pemmaraju, K. Schnorr, K. D. Closser, D. Prendergast, and S. R. Leone, “Femtosecond x-ray spectroscopy of an electrocyclic ring-opening reaction,” Science 356, 54–59 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  24. A. Chew, N. Douguet, C. Cariker, J. Li, E. Lindroth, X. Ren, Y. Yin, L. Argenti, W. T. Hill, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond transient absorption spectrum of argon at the L2, 3 edge,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 031407 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  25. B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).
  26. C. Kleine, M. Ekimova, G. Goldsztejn, S. Raabe, C. Strüber, J. Ludwig, S. Yarlagadda, S. Eisebitt, M. J. J. Vrakking, T. Elsaesser, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Rouzée, “Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft X-ray source,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52–58 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  27. Y. Petit, S. Henin, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Production of ozone and nitrogen oxides by laser filamentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021108 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  28. N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Generation of sub-two-cycle millijoule infrared pulses in an optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier and their application to soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy with high-flux high harmonics,” J. Opt. 20, 014003 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  29. N. Kosugi, J. Adachi, E. Shigemasa, and A. Yagishita, “High-resolution and symmetry-resolved N and O K-edge absorption spectra of NO,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 8842–8849 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  30. M. Sabbar, H. Timmers, Y.-J. Chen, A. K. Pymer, Z.-H. Loh, S. G. Sayres, S. Pabst, R. Santra, and S. R. Leone, “State-resolved attosecond reversible and irreversible dynamics in strong optical fields,” Nat. Phys. 13, 472–478 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  31. W. C. Ho, I. Ozier, D. T. Cramb, and M. C. L. Gerry, “Diode laser spectroscopy of the vibrational fundamental of NO+,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 149, 559–561 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  32. J. Ortigoso, M. Rodríguez, M. Gupta, and B. Friedrich, “Time evolution of pendular states created by the interaction of molecular polarizability with a pulsed nonresonant laser field,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 3870–3875 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  33. X. Urbain, B. Fabre, E. M. Staicu-Casagrande, N. de Ruette, V. M. Andrianarijaona, J. Jureta, J. H. Posthumus, A. Saenz, E. Baldit, and C. Cornaggia, “Intense-laser-field ionization of molecular hydrogen in the tunneling regime and its effect on the vibrational excitation of H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 163004 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  34. D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  35. M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  36. J. Schneider, M. Matsuoka, M. Takeuchi, J. Zhang, Y. Horiuchi, M. Anpo, and D. W. Bahnemann, “Understanding TiO2 photocatalysis: mechanisms and materials,” Chem. Rev. 114, 9919–9986 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  37. H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2019 (1)

C. Kleine, M. Ekimova, G. Goldsztejn, S. Raabe, C. Strüber, J. Ludwig, S. Yarlagadda, S. Eisebitt, M. J. J. Vrakking, T. Elsaesser, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Rouzée, “Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft X-ray source,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52–58 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (3)

A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Generation of sub-two-cycle millijoule infrared pulses in an optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier and their application to soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy with high-flux high harmonics,” J. Opt. 20, 014003 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Chew, N. Douguet, C. Cariker, J. Li, E. Lindroth, X. Ren, Y. Yin, L. Argenti, W. T. Hill, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond transient absorption spectrum of argon at the L2, 3 edge,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 031407 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (5)

M. Sabbar, H. Timmers, Y.-J. Chen, A. K. Pymer, Z.-H. Loh, S. G. Sayres, S. Pabst, R. Santra, and S. R. Leone, “State-resolved attosecond reversible and irreversible dynamics in strong optical fields,” Nat. Phys. 13, 472–478 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355, 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. R. Attar, A. Bhattacherjee, C. D. Pemmaraju, K. Schnorr, K. D. Closser, D. Prendergast, and S. R. Leone, “Femtosecond x-ray spectroscopy of an electrocyclic ring-opening reaction,” Science 356, 54–59 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Nisoli, P. Decleva, F. Calegari, A. Palacios, and F. Martín, “Attosecond electron dynamics in molecules,” Chem. Rev. 117, 10760–10825 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Wei, J. Li, L. Wang, S. T. See, M. H. Jhon, Y. Zhang, F. Shi, M. Yang, and Z.-H. Loh, “Elucidating the origins of multimode vibrational coherences of polyatomic molecules induced by intense laser fields,” Nat. Commun. 8, 735 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

E. R. Warrick, W. Cao, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Probing the dynamics of Rydberg and valence states of molecular nitrogen with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 120, 3165–3174 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94, 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. M. Teichmann, F. Silva, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “0.5-keV Soft X-ray attosecond continua,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11493 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, X. Ren, Y. Yin, Y. Cheng, E. Cunningham, Y. Wu, and Z. Chang, “Polarization gating of high harmonic generation in the water window,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231102 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

J. Schneider, M. Matsuoka, M. Takeuchi, J. Zhang, Y. Horiuchi, M. Anpo, and D. W. Bahnemann, “Understanding TiO2 photocatalysis: mechanisms and materials,” Chem. Rev. 114, 9919–9986 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle oscillations in virtual states brought to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. R. Hosler and S. R. Leone, “Characterization of vibrational wave packets by core-level high-harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 023420 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Shafir, H. Soifer, B. D. Bruner, M. Dagan, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and N. Dudovich, “Resolving the time when an electron exits a tunnelling barrier,” Nature 485, 343–346 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (5)

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 143002 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466, 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry,” Nature 466, 604–607 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Petit, S. Henin, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Production of ozone and nitrogen oxides by laser filamentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021108 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

Z.-H. Loh and S. R. Leone, “Ultrafast strong-field dissociative ionization dynamics of CH2Br2 probed by femtosecond soft x-ray transient absorption spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 128, 204302 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

X. Urbain, B. Fabre, E. M. Staicu-Casagrande, N. de Ruette, V. M. Andrianarijaona, J. Jureta, J. H. Posthumus, A. Saenz, E. Baldit, and C. Cornaggia, “Intense-laser-field ionization of molecular hydrogen in the tunneling regime and its effect on the vibrational excitation of H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 163004 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419, 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

J. Ortigoso, M. Rodríguez, M. Gupta, and B. Friedrich, “Time evolution of pendular states created by the interaction of molecular polarizability with a pulsed nonresonant laser field,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 3870–3875 (1999).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

N. Kosugi, J. Adachi, E. Shigemasa, and A. Yagishita, “High-resolution and symmetry-resolved N and O K-edge absorption spectra of NO,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 8842–8849 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

W. C. Ho, I. Ozier, D. T. Cramb, and M. C. L. Gerry, “Diode laser spectroscopy of the vibrational fundamental of NO+,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 149, 559–561 (1991).
[Crossref]

Abild-Pedersen, F.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adachi, J.

N. Kosugi, J. Adachi, E. Shigemasa, and A. Yagishita, “High-resolution and symmetry-resolved N and O K-edge absorption spectra of NO,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 8842–8849 (1992).
[Crossref]

Adachi, S.

M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
[Crossref]

Alahmed, Z. A.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ališauskas, S.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Andrianarijaona, V. M.

X. Urbain, B. Fabre, E. M. Staicu-Casagrande, N. de Ruette, V. M. Andrianarijaona, J. Jureta, J. H. Posthumus, A. Saenz, E. Baldit, and C. Cornaggia, “Intense-laser-field ionization of molecular hydrogen in the tunneling regime and its effect on the vibrational excitation of H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 163004 (2004).
[Crossref]

Andriukaitis, G.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Anpo, M.

J. Schneider, M. Matsuoka, M. Takeuchi, J. Zhang, Y. Horiuchi, M. Anpo, and D. W. Bahnemann, “Understanding TiO2 photocatalysis: mechanisms and materials,” Chem. Rev. 114, 9919–9986 (2014).
[Crossref]

Argenti, L.

A. Chew, N. Douguet, C. Cariker, J. Li, E. Lindroth, X. Ren, Y. Yin, L. Argenti, W. T. Hill, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond transient absorption spectrum of argon at the L2, 3 edge,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 031407 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94, 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

Arpin, P.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Aseyev, S. A.

D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
[Crossref]

Attar, A. R.

A. R. Attar, A. Bhattacherjee, C. D. Pemmaraju, K. Schnorr, K. D. Closser, D. Prendergast, and S. R. Leone, “Femtosecond x-ray spectroscopy of an electrocyclic ring-opening reaction,” Science 356, 54–59 (2017).
[Crossref]

Austin, D. R.

A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018).
[Crossref]

Azzeer, A. M.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466, 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bahnemann, D. W.

J. Schneider, M. Matsuoka, M. Takeuchi, J. Zhang, Y. Horiuchi, M. Anpo, and D. W. Bahnemann, “Understanding TiO2 photocatalysis: mechanisms and materials,” Chem. Rev. 114, 9919–9986 (2014).
[Crossref]

Balciunas, T.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baldit, E.

X. Urbain, B. Fabre, E. M. Staicu-Casagrande, N. de Ruette, V. M. Andrianarijaona, J. Jureta, J. H. Posthumus, A. Saenz, E. Baldit, and C. Cornaggia, “Intense-laser-field ionization of molecular hydrogen in the tunneling regime and its effect on the vibrational excitation of H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 163004 (2004).
[Crossref]

Baltuška, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baykusheva, D.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355, 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref]

Becker, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bertrand, J. B.

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry,” Nature 466, 604–607 (2010).
[Crossref]

Beye, M.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bhattacherjee, A.

A. R. Attar, A. Bhattacherjee, C. D. Pemmaraju, K. Schnorr, K. D. Closser, D. Prendergast, and S. R. Leone, “Femtosecond x-ray spectroscopy of an electrocyclic ring-opening reaction,” Science 356, 54–59 (2017).
[Crossref]

Biegert, J.

S. M. Teichmann, F. Silva, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “0.5-keV Soft X-ray attosecond continua,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11493 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Blättermann, A.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brahms, C.

A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018).
[Crossref]

Brown, S.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bruner, B. D.

D. Shafir, H. Soifer, B. D. Bruner, M. Dagan, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and N. Dudovich, “Resolving the time when an electron exits a tunnelling barrier,” Nature 485, 343–346 (2012).
[Crossref]

Buades, B.

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Calegari, F.

M. Nisoli, P. Decleva, F. Calegari, A. Palacios, and F. Martín, “Attosecond electron dynamics in molecules,” Chem. Rev. 117, 10760–10825 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cao, W.

E. R. Warrick, W. Cao, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Probing the dynamics of Rydberg and valence states of molecular nitrogen with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 120, 3165–3174 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cariker, C.

A. Chew, N. Douguet, C. Cariker, J. Li, E. Lindroth, X. Ren, Y. Yin, L. Argenti, W. T. Hill, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond transient absorption spectrum of argon at the L2, 3 edge,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 031407 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chang, Z.

A. Chew, N. Douguet, C. Cariker, J. Li, E. Lindroth, X. Ren, Y. Yin, L. Argenti, W. T. Hill, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond transient absorption spectrum of argon at the L2, 3 edge,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 031407 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94, 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, X. Ren, Y. Yin, Y. Cheng, E. Cunningham, Y. Wu, and Z. Chang, “Polarization gating of high harmonic generation in the water window,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231102 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle oscillations in virtual states brought to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 143002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chauvet, A.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355, 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.-C.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 143002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.-J.

M. Sabbar, H. Timmers, Y.-J. Chen, A. K. Pymer, Z.-H. Loh, S. G. Sayres, S. Pabst, R. Santra, and S. R. Leone, “State-resolved attosecond reversible and irreversible dynamics in strong optical fields,” Nat. Phys. 13, 472–478 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

J. Li, X. Ren, Y. Yin, Y. Cheng, E. Cunningham, Y. Wu, and Z. Chang, “Polarization gating of high harmonic generation in the water window,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94, 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle oscillations in virtual states brought to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 143002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chew, A.

A. Chew, N. Douguet, C. Cariker, J. Li, E. Lindroth, X. Ren, Y. Yin, L. Argenti, W. T. Hill, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond transient absorption spectrum of argon at the L2, 3 edge,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 031407 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chini, M.

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94, 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle oscillations in virtual states brought to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 143002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chollet, M.

M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chu, S.-I.

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle oscillations in virtual states brought to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Closser, K. D.

A. R. Attar, A. Bhattacherjee, C. D. Pemmaraju, K. Schnorr, K. D. Closser, D. Prendergast, and S. R. Leone, “Femtosecond x-ray spectroscopy of an electrocyclic ring-opening reaction,” Science 356, 54–59 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cocchi, C.

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Corkum, P. B.

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry,” Nature 466, 604–607 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cornaggia, C.

X. Urbain, B. Fabre, E. M. Staicu-Casagrande, N. de Ruette, V. M. Andrianarijaona, J. Jureta, J. H. Posthumus, A. Saenz, E. Baldit, and C. Cornaggia, “Intense-laser-field ionization of molecular hydrogen in the tunneling regime and its effect on the vibrational excitation of H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 163004 (2004).
[Crossref]

Coronado, E.

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Cousin, S. L.

S. M. Teichmann, F. Silva, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “0.5-keV Soft X-ray attosecond continua,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11493 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Cramb, D. T.

W. C. Ho, I. Ozier, D. T. Cramb, and M. C. L. Gerry, “Diode laser spectroscopy of the vibrational fundamental of NO+,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 149, 559–561 (1991).
[Crossref]

Cunningham, E.

J. Li, X. Ren, Y. Yin, Y. Cheng, E. Cunningham, Y. Wu, and Z. Chang, “Polarization gating of high harmonic generation in the water window,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dagan, M.

D. Shafir, H. Soifer, B. D. Bruner, M. Dagan, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and N. Dudovich, “Resolving the time when an electron exits a tunnelling barrier,” Nature 485, 343–346 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dakovski, G. L.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Danz, T.

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

de Ruette, N.

X. Urbain, B. Fabre, E. M. Staicu-Casagrande, N. de Ruette, V. M. Andrianarijaona, J. Jureta, J. H. Posthumus, A. Saenz, E. Baldit, and C. Cornaggia, “Intense-laser-field ionization of molecular hydrogen in the tunneling regime and its effect on the vibrational excitation of H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 163004 (2004).
[Crossref]

Decleva, P.

M. Nisoli, P. Decleva, F. Calegari, A. Palacios, and F. Martín, “Attosecond electron dynamics in molecules,” Chem. Rev. 117, 10760–10825 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dell’Angela, M.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dietrich, P.

D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ding, T.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

Douguet, N.

A. Chew, N. Douguet, C. Cariker, J. Li, E. Lindroth, X. Ren, Y. Yin, L. Argenti, W. T. Hill, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond transient absorption spectrum of argon at the L2, 3 edge,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 031407 (2018).
[Crossref]

Draxl, C.

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Drescher, M.

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419, 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dudovich, N.

D. Shafir, H. Soifer, B. D. Bruner, M. Dagan, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and N. Dudovich, “Resolving the time when an electron exits a tunnelling barrier,” Nature 485, 343–346 (2012).
[Crossref]

Eisebitt, S.

C. Kleine, M. Ekimova, G. Goldsztejn, S. Raabe, C. Strüber, J. Ludwig, S. Yarlagadda, S. Eisebitt, M. J. J. Vrakking, T. Elsaesser, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Rouzée, “Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft X-ray source,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52–58 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ekimova, M.

C. Kleine, M. Ekimova, G. Goldsztejn, S. Raabe, C. Strüber, J. Ludwig, S. Yarlagadda, S. Eisebitt, M. J. J. Vrakking, T. Elsaesser, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Rouzée, “Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft X-ray source,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52–58 (2019).
[Crossref]

Elsaesser, T.

C. Kleine, M. Ekimova, G. Goldsztejn, S. Raabe, C. Strüber, J. Ludwig, S. Yarlagadda, S. Eisebitt, M. J. J. Vrakking, T. Elsaesser, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Rouzée, “Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft X-ray source,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52–58 (2019).
[Crossref]

Fabre, B.

X. Urbain, B. Fabre, E. M. Staicu-Casagrande, N. de Ruette, V. M. Andrianarijaona, J. Jureta, J. H. Posthumus, A. Saenz, E. Baldit, and C. Cornaggia, “Intense-laser-field ionization of molecular hydrogen in the tunneling regime and its effect on the vibrational excitation of H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 163004 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, F.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Föhlisch, A.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Friedrich, B.

J. Ortigoso, M. Rodríguez, M. Gupta, and B. Friedrich, “Time evolution of pendular states created by the interaction of molecular polarizability with a pulsed nonresonant laser field,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 3870–3875 (1999).
[Crossref]

Fukaya, S.

M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gaeta, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gagnon, J.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gerry, M. C. L.

W. C. Ho, I. Ozier, D. T. Cramb, and M. C. L. Gerry, “Diode laser spectroscopy of the vibrational fundamental of NO+,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 149, 559–561 (1991).
[Crossref]

Ghafur, O.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gladh, J.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Goldsztejn, G.

C. Kleine, M. Ekimova, G. Goldsztejn, S. Raabe, C. Strüber, J. Ludwig, S. Yarlagadda, S. Eisebitt, M. J. J. Vrakking, T. Elsaesser, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Rouzée, “Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft X-ray source,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52–58 (2019).
[Crossref]

González-Castrillo, A.

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94, 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

Goulielmakis, E.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466, 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gregory, A.

A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018).
[Crossref]

Grgura, I.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

Guerin, L.

M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gupta, M.

J. Ortigoso, M. Rodríguez, M. Gupta, and B. Friedrich, “Time evolution of pendular states created by the interaction of molecular polarizability with a pulsed nonresonant laser field,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 3870–3875 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hagstotz, S.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hantschmann, M.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hasegawa, T.

M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hassan, M. T.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

He, F.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 143002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Heck, R.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

Heinzmann, U.

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419, 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hemmer, M.

S. M. Teichmann, F. Silva, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “0.5-keV Soft X-ray attosecond continua,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11493 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hendel, S.

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

Henin, S.

Y. Petit, S. Henin, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Production of ozone and nitrogen oxides by laser filamentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021108 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hentschel, M.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419, 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hernández-García, C.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hieke, F.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hill, W. T.

A. Chew, N. Douguet, C. Cariker, J. Li, E. Lindroth, X. Ren, Y. Yin, L. Argenti, W. T. Hill, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond transient absorption spectrum of argon at the L2, 3 edge,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 031407 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ho, W. C.

W. C. Ho, I. Ozier, D. T. Cramb, and M. C. L. Gerry, “Diode laser spectroscopy of the vibrational fundamental of NO+,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 149, 559–561 (1991).
[Crossref]

Holzner, K. B.

A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018).
[Crossref]

Horiuchi, Y.

J. Schneider, M. Matsuoka, M. Takeuchi, J. Zhang, Y. Horiuchi, M. Anpo, and D. W. Bahnemann, “Understanding TiO2 photocatalysis: mechanisms and materials,” Chem. Rev. 114, 9919–9986 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hosler, E. R.

E. R. Hosler and S. R. Leone, “Characterization of vibrational wave packets by core-level high-harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 023420 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huppert, M.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355, 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ishii, N.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Generation of sub-two-cycle millijoule infrared pulses in an optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier and their application to soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy with high-flux high harmonics,” J. Opt. 20, 014003 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ishikawa, T.

M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
[Crossref]

Itatani, J.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Generation of sub-two-cycle millijoule infrared pulses in an optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier and their application to soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy with high-flux high harmonics,” J. Opt. 20, 014003 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, M. Y.

D. Shafir, H. Soifer, B. D. Bruner, M. Dagan, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and N. Dudovich, “Resolving the time when an electron exits a tunnelling barrier,” Nature 485, 343–346 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jaron-Becker, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jarosch, S.

A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jhon, M. H.

Z. Wei, J. Li, L. Wang, S. T. See, M. H. Jhon, Y. Zhang, F. Shi, M. Yang, and Z.-H. Loh, “Elucidating the origins of multimode vibrational coherences of polyatomic molecules induced by intense laser fields,” Nat. Commun. 8, 735 (2017).
[Crossref]

Johnson, A. S.

A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018).
[Crossref]

Johnsson, P.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jureta, J.

X. Urbain, B. Fabre, E. M. Staicu-Casagrande, N. de Ruette, V. M. Andrianarijaona, J. Jureta, J. H. Posthumus, A. Saenz, E. Baldit, and C. Cornaggia, “Intense-laser-field ionization of molecular hydrogen in the tunneling regime and its effect on the vibrational excitation of H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 163004 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kabachnik, N. M.

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kaldun, A.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kanai, T.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Generation of sub-two-cycle millijoule infrared pulses in an optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier and their application to soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy with high-flux high harmonics,” J. Opt. 20, 014003 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kaneshima, K.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Generation of sub-two-cycle millijoule infrared pulses in an optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier and their application to soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy with high-flux high harmonics,” J. Opt. 20, 014003 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kapteyn, H. C.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kartashov, D. V.

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry,” Nature 466, 604–607 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kasparian, J.

Y. Petit, S. Henin, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Production of ozone and nitrogen oxides by laser filamentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021108 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kaya, S.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kelkensberg, F.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kienberger, R.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419, 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kitano, K.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kleine, C.

C. Kleine, M. Ekimova, G. Goldsztejn, S. Raabe, C. Strüber, J. Ludwig, S. Yarlagadda, S. Eisebitt, M. J. J. Vrakking, T. Elsaesser, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Rouzée, “Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft X-ray source,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52–58 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kleineberg, U.

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419, 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kling, M. F.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466, 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kompa, K. L.

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

Koshihara, S.

M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kosugi, N.

N. Kosugi, J. Adachi, E. Shigemasa, and A. Yagishita, “High-resolution and symmetry-resolved N and O K-edge absorption spectra of NO,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 8842–8849 (1992).
[Crossref]

Krausz, F.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466, 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419, 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kühn, D.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

L’Huillier, A.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Larsen, E. W.

A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018).
[Crossref]

LaRue, J.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Laux, M.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

León, I.

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Leone, S. R.

A. R. Attar, A. Bhattacherjee, C. D. Pemmaraju, K. Schnorr, K. D. Closser, D. Prendergast, and S. R. Leone, “Femtosecond x-ray spectroscopy of an electrocyclic ring-opening reaction,” Science 356, 54–59 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Sabbar, H. Timmers, Y.-J. Chen, A. K. Pymer, Z.-H. Loh, S. G. Sayres, S. Pabst, R. Santra, and S. R. Leone, “State-resolved attosecond reversible and irreversible dynamics in strong optical fields,” Nat. Phys. 13, 472–478 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. R. Warrick, W. Cao, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Probing the dynamics of Rydberg and valence states of molecular nitrogen with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 120, 3165–3174 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. R. Hosler and S. R. Leone, “Characterization of vibrational wave packets by core-level high-harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 023420 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466, 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z.-H. Loh and S. R. Leone, “Ultrafast strong-field dissociative ionization dynamics of CH2Br2 probed by femtosecond soft x-ray transient absorption spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 128, 204302 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lépine, F.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lezius, M.

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

A. Chew, N. Douguet, C. Cariker, J. Li, E. Lindroth, X. Ren, Y. Yin, L. Argenti, W. T. Hill, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond transient absorption spectrum of argon at the L2, 3 edge,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 031407 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Wei, J. Li, L. Wang, S. T. See, M. H. Jhon, Y. Zhang, F. Shi, M. Yang, and Z.-H. Loh, “Elucidating the origins of multimode vibrational coherences of polyatomic molecules induced by intense laser fields,” Nat. Commun. 8, 735 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, X. Ren, Y. Yin, Y. Cheng, E. Cunningham, Y. Wu, and Z. Chang, “Polarization gating of high harmonic generation in the water window,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lindroth, E.

A. Chew, N. Douguet, C. Cariker, J. Li, E. Lindroth, X. Ren, Y. Yin, L. Argenti, W. T. Hill, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond transient absorption spectrum of argon at the L2, 3 edge,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 031407 (2018).
[Crossref]

Loh, Z.-H.

M. Sabbar, H. Timmers, Y.-J. Chen, A. K. Pymer, Z.-H. Loh, S. G. Sayres, S. Pabst, R. Santra, and S. R. Leone, “State-resolved attosecond reversible and irreversible dynamics in strong optical fields,” Nat. Phys. 13, 472–478 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Wei, J. Li, L. Wang, S. T. See, M. H. Jhon, Y. Zhang, F. Shi, M. Yang, and Z.-H. Loh, “Elucidating the origins of multimode vibrational coherences of polyatomic molecules induced by intense laser fields,” Nat. Commun. 8, 735 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466, 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z.-H. Loh and S. R. Leone, “Ultrafast strong-field dissociative ionization dynamics of CH2Br2 probed by femtosecond soft x-ray transient absorption spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 128, 204302 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ludwig, J.

C. Kleine, M. Ekimova, G. Goldsztejn, S. Raabe, C. Strüber, J. Ludwig, S. Yarlagadda, S. Eisebitt, M. J. J. Vrakking, T. Elsaesser, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Rouzée, “Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft X-ray source,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52–58 (2019).
[Crossref]

Luu, T. T.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

Madroñero, J.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mairesse, Y.

D. Shafir, H. Soifer, B. D. Bruner, M. Dagan, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and N. Dudovich, “Resolving the time when an electron exits a tunnelling barrier,” Nature 485, 343–346 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mañas-Valero, S.

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Marangos, J. P.

A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018).
[Crossref]

Martin, J. H.

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Martín, F.

M. Nisoli, P. Decleva, F. Calegari, A. Palacios, and F. Martín, “Attosecond electron dynamics in molecules,” Chem. Rev. 117, 10760–10825 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94, 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Matsuda, K.

M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
[Crossref]

Matsuoka, M.

J. Schneider, M. Matsuoka, M. Takeuchi, J. Zhang, Y. Horiuchi, M. Anpo, and D. W. Bahnemann, “Understanding TiO2 photocatalysis: mechanisms and materials,” Chem. Rev. 114, 9919–9986 (2014).
[Crossref]

Matthews, M.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355, 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mercurio, G.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Meyer, K.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

Minitti, M. P.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mitra, A.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Moeller, S. P.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Morales, F.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Moulet, A.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mücke, O. D.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Muller, H.-G.

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

Murnane, M. M.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Neumark, D. M.

E. R. Warrick, W. Cao, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Probing the dynamics of Rydberg and valence states of molecular nitrogen with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 120, 3165–3174 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ng, M. L.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nibbering, E. T. J.

C. Kleine, M. Ekimova, G. Goldsztejn, S. Raabe, C. Strüber, J. Ludwig, S. Yarlagadda, S. Eisebitt, M. J. J. Vrakking, T. Elsaesser, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Rouzée, “Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft X-ray source,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52–58 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nilsson, A.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, P. Decleva, F. Calegari, A. Palacios, and F. Martín, “Attosecond electron dynamics in molecules,” Chem. Rev. 117, 10760–10825 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nordlund, D.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nørskov, J. K.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Öberg, H.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ogasawara, H.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ortigoso, J.

J. Ortigoso, M. Rodríguez, M. Gupta, and B. Friedrich, “Time evolution of pendular states created by the interaction of molecular polarizability with a pulsed nonresonant laser field,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 3870–3875 (1999).
[Crossref]

Öström, H.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ota, A.

M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ott, C.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ozier, I.

W. C. Ho, I. Ozier, D. T. Cramb, and M. C. L. Gerry, “Diode laser spectroscopy of the vibrational fundamental of NO+,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 149, 559–561 (1991).
[Crossref]

Pabst, S.

M. Sabbar, H. Timmers, Y.-J. Chen, A. K. Pymer, Z.-H. Loh, S. G. Sayres, S. Pabst, R. Santra, and S. R. Leone, “State-resolved attosecond reversible and irreversible dynamics in strong optical fields,” Nat. Phys. 13, 472–478 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

Palacios, A.

M. Nisoli, P. Decleva, F. Calegari, A. Palacios, and F. Martín, “Attosecond electron dynamics in molecules,” Chem. Rev. 117, 10760–10825 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94, 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

Palo, N. D.

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Parker, S.

A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018).
[Crossref]

Patchkovskii, S.

D. Shafir, H. Soifer, B. D. Bruner, M. Dagan, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and N. Dudovich, “Resolving the time when an electron exits a tunnelling barrier,” Nature 485, 343–346 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pellegrin, E.

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Pemmaraju, C. D.

A. R. Attar, A. Bhattacherjee, C. D. Pemmaraju, K. Schnorr, K. D. Closser, D. Prendergast, and S. R. Leone, “Femtosecond x-ray spectroscopy of an electrocyclic ring-opening reaction,” Science 356, 54–59 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pérez-Torres, J. F.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Persson, M.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pertot, Y.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355, 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pervak, V.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

Petit, Y.

Y. Petit, S. Henin, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Production of ozone and nitrogen oxides by laser filamentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021108 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pettersson, L. G. M.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pfeifer, T.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466, 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref]

Picón, A.

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Plaja, L.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Popmintchev, D.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Popmintchev, T.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Posthumus, J. H.

X. Urbain, B. Fabre, E. M. Staicu-Casagrande, N. de Ruette, V. M. Andrianarijaona, J. Jureta, J. H. Posthumus, A. Saenz, E. Baldit, and C. Cornaggia, “Intense-laser-field ionization of molecular hydrogen in the tunneling regime and its effect on the vibrational excitation of H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 163004 (2004).
[Crossref]

Prendergast, D.

A. R. Attar, A. Bhattacherjee, C. D. Pemmaraju, K. Schnorr, K. D. Closser, D. Prendergast, and S. R. Leone, “Femtosecond x-ray spectroscopy of an electrocyclic ring-opening reaction,” Science 356, 54–59 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pugzlys, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pymer, A. K.

M. Sabbar, H. Timmers, Y.-J. Chen, A. K. Pymer, Z.-H. Loh, S. G. Sayres, S. Pabst, R. Santra, and S. R. Leone, “State-resolved attosecond reversible and irreversible dynamics in strong optical fields,” Nat. Phys. 13, 472–478 (2017).
[Crossref]

Raabe, S.

C. Kleine, M. Ekimova, G. Goldsztejn, S. Raabe, C. Strüber, J. Ludwig, S. Yarlagadda, S. Eisebitt, M. J. J. Vrakking, T. Elsaesser, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Rouzée, “Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft X-ray source,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52–58 (2019).
[Crossref]

Raith, P.

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rauschenberger, J.

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ren, X.

A. Chew, N. Douguet, C. Cariker, J. Li, E. Lindroth, X. Ren, Y. Yin, L. Argenti, W. T. Hill, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond transient absorption spectrum of argon at the L2, 3 edge,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 031407 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Li, X. Ren, Y. Yin, Y. Cheng, E. Cunningham, Y. Wu, and Z. Chang, “Polarization gating of high harmonic generation in the water window,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rodríguez, M.

J. Ortigoso, M. Rodríguez, M. Gupta, and B. Friedrich, “Time evolution of pendular states created by the interaction of molecular polarizability with a pulsed nonresonant laser field,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 3870–3875 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rohringer, N.

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466, 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rouzée, A.

C. Kleine, M. Ekimova, G. Goldsztejn, S. Raabe, C. Strüber, J. Ludwig, S. Yarlagadda, S. Eisebitt, M. J. J. Vrakking, T. Elsaesser, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Rouzée, “Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft X-ray source,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52–58 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sabbar, M.

M. Sabbar, H. Timmers, Y.-J. Chen, A. K. Pymer, Z.-H. Loh, S. G. Sayres, S. Pabst, R. Santra, and S. R. Leone, “State-resolved attosecond reversible and irreversible dynamics in strong optical fields,” Nat. Phys. 13, 472–478 (2017).
[Crossref]

Saenz, A.

X. Urbain, B. Fabre, E. M. Staicu-Casagrande, N. de Ruette, V. M. Andrianarijaona, J. Jureta, J. H. Posthumus, A. Saenz, E. Baldit, and C. Cornaggia, “Intense-laser-field ionization of molecular hydrogen in the tunneling regime and its effect on the vibrational excitation of H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 163004 (2004).
[Crossref]

Saito, G.

M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Santra, R.

M. Sabbar, H. Timmers, Y.-J. Chen, A. K. Pymer, Z.-H. Loh, S. G. Sayres, S. Pabst, R. Santra, and S. R. Leone, “State-resolved attosecond reversible and irreversible dynamics in strong optical fields,” Nat. Phys. 13, 472–478 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466, 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sanz-Vicario, J. L.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sayres, S. G.

M. Sabbar, H. Timmers, Y.-J. Chen, A. K. Pymer, Z.-H. Loh, S. G. Sayres, S. Pabst, R. Santra, and S. R. Leone, “State-resolved attosecond reversible and irreversible dynamics in strong optical fields,” Nat. Phys. 13, 472–478 (2017).
[Crossref]

Schlotter, W. F.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, C.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355, 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref]

Schneider, J.

J. Schneider, M. Matsuoka, M. Takeuchi, J. Zhang, Y. Horiuchi, M. Anpo, and D. W. Bahnemann, “Understanding TiO2 photocatalysis: mechanisms and materials,” Chem. Rev. 114, 9919–9986 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schnorr, K.

A. R. Attar, A. Bhattacherjee, C. D. Pemmaraju, K. Schnorr, K. D. Closser, D. Prendergast, and S. R. Leone, “Femtosecond x-ray spectroscopy of an electrocyclic ring-opening reaction,” Science 356, 54–59 (2017).
[Crossref]

Schrauth, S. E.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schröder, H.

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schultze, M.

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Scrinzi, A.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419, 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref]

See, S. T.

Z. Wei, J. Li, L. Wang, S. T. See, M. H. Jhon, Y. Zhang, F. Shi, M. Yang, and Z.-H. Loh, “Elucidating the origins of multimode vibrational coherences of polyatomic molecules induced by intense laser fields,” Nat. Commun. 8, 735 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sellberg, J. A.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shafir, D.

D. Shafir, H. Soifer, B. D. Bruner, M. Dagan, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and N. Dudovich, “Resolving the time when an electron exits a tunnelling barrier,” Nature 485, 343–346 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shi, F.

Z. Wei, J. Li, L. Wang, S. T. See, M. H. Jhon, Y. Zhang, F. Shi, M. Yang, and Z.-H. Loh, “Elucidating the origins of multimode vibrational coherences of polyatomic molecules induced by intense laser fields,” Nat. Commun. 8, 735 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shigemasa, E.

N. Kosugi, J. Adachi, E. Shigemasa, and A. Yagishita, “High-resolution and symmetry-resolved N and O K-edge absorption spectra of NO,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 8842–8849 (1992).
[Crossref]

Shim, B.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shimoda, H.

M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
[Crossref]

Silva, F.

S. M. Teichmann, F. Silva, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “0.5-keV Soft X-ray attosecond continua,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11493 (2016).
[Crossref]

Siu, W.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Smirnova, O.

D. Shafir, H. Soifer, B. D. Bruner, M. Dagan, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and N. Dudovich, “Resolving the time when an electron exits a tunnelling barrier,” Nature 485, 343–346 (2012).
[Crossref]

Soifer, H.

D. Shafir, H. Soifer, B. D. Bruner, M. Dagan, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and N. Dudovich, “Resolving the time when an electron exits a tunnelling barrier,” Nature 485, 343–346 (2012).
[Crossref]

Spanner, M.

D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
[Crossref]

Staicu-Casagrande, E. M.

X. Urbain, B. Fabre, E. M. Staicu-Casagrande, N. de Ruette, V. M. Andrianarijaona, J. Jureta, J. H. Posthumus, A. Saenz, E. Baldit, and C. Cornaggia, “Intense-laser-field ionization of molecular hydrogen in the tunneling regime and its effect on the vibrational excitation of H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 163004 (2004).
[Crossref]

Strüber, C.

C. Kleine, M. Ekimova, G. Goldsztejn, S. Raabe, C. Strüber, J. Ludwig, S. Yarlagadda, S. Eisebitt, M. J. J. Vrakking, T. Elsaesser, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Rouzée, “Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft X-ray source,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52–58 (2019).
[Crossref]

Strüber, C. S.

A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018).
[Crossref]

Svoboda, V.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355, 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref]

Swoboda, M.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Takeuchi, M.

J. Schneider, M. Matsuoka, M. Takeuchi, J. Zhang, Y. Horiuchi, M. Anpo, and D. W. Bahnemann, “Understanding TiO2 photocatalysis: mechanisms and materials,” Chem. Rev. 114, 9919–9986 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tazaki, R.

M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tehlar, A.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355, 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref]

Teichmann, S. M.

S. M. Teichmann, F. Silva, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “0.5-keV Soft X-ray attosecond continua,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11493 (2016).
[Crossref]

Telnov, D. A.

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle oscillations in virtual states brought to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Thumm, U.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 143002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Timmers, H.

M. Sabbar, H. Timmers, Y.-J. Chen, A. K. Pymer, Z.-H. Loh, S. G. Sayres, S. Pabst, R. Santra, and S. R. Leone, “State-resolved attosecond reversible and irreversible dynamics in strong optical fields,” Nat. Phys. 13, 472–478 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tisch, J. W. G.

A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018).
[Crossref]

Turner, J. J.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Uchida, N.

M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
[Crossref]

Uemoto, M.

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Uiberacker, M.

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419, 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref]

Uphues, T.

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

Urbain, X.

X. Urbain, B. Fabre, E. M. Staicu-Casagrande, N. de Ruette, V. M. Andrianarijaona, J. Jureta, J. H. Posthumus, A. Saenz, E. Baldit, and C. Cornaggia, “Intense-laser-field ionization of molecular hydrogen in the tunneling regime and its effect on the vibrational excitation of H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 163004 (2004).
[Crossref]

Verhoef, A. J.

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

Villeneuve, D. M.

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry,” Nature 466, 604–607 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
[Crossref]

von Conta, A.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355, 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref]

Vrakking, M. J. J.

C. Kleine, M. Ekimova, G. Goldsztejn, S. Raabe, C. Strüber, J. Ludwig, S. Yarlagadda, S. Eisebitt, M. J. J. Vrakking, T. Elsaesser, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Rouzée, “Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft X-ray source,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52–58 (2019).
[Crossref]

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wall, S.

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Wang, H.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 143002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

Z. Wei, J. Li, L. Wang, S. T. See, M. H. Jhon, Y. Zhang, F. Shi, M. Yang, and Z.-H. Loh, “Elucidating the origins of multimode vibrational coherences of polyatomic molecules induced by intense laser fields,” Nat. Commun. 8, 735 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94, 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle oscillations in virtual states brought to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Warrick, E. R.

E. R. Warrick, W. Cao, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Probing the dynamics of Rydberg and valence states of molecular nitrogen with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 120, 3165–3174 (2016).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, S.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Generation of sub-two-cycle millijoule infrared pulses in an optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier and their application to soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy with high-flux high harmonics,” J. Opt. 20, 014003 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wei, Z.

Z. Wei, J. Li, L. Wang, S. T. See, M. H. Jhon, Y. Zhang, F. Shi, M. Yang, and Z.-H. Loh, “Elucidating the origins of multimode vibrational coherences of polyatomic molecules induced by intense laser fields,” Nat. Commun. 8, 735 (2017).
[Crossref]

Westerwalbesloh, T.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419, 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wirth, A.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466, 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wolf, J.-P.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355, 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Petit, S. Henin, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Production of ozone and nitrogen oxides by laser filamentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021108 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wolf, M.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wood, D. A.

A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wörner, H. J.

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355, 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry,” Nature 466, 604–607 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

J. Li, X. Ren, Y. Yin, Y. Cheng, E. Cunningham, Y. Wu, and Z. Chang, “Polarization gating of high harmonic generation in the water window,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231102 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle oscillations in virtual states brought to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 143002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wurth, W.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xin, H.

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yabana, K.

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Yagishita, A.

N. Kosugi, J. Adachi, E. Shigemasa, and A. Yagishita, “High-resolution and symmetry-resolved N and O K-edge absorption spectra of NO,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 8842–8849 (1992).
[Crossref]

Yakovlev, V.

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419, 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yakovlev, V. S.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466, 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yamochi, H.

M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yang, M.

Z. Wei, J. Li, L. Wang, S. T. See, M. H. Jhon, Y. Zhang, F. Shi, M. Yang, and Z.-H. Loh, “Elucidating the origins of multimode vibrational coherences of polyatomic molecules induced by intense laser fields,” Nat. Commun. 8, 735 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yarlagadda, S.

C. Kleine, M. Ekimova, G. Goldsztejn, S. Raabe, C. Strüber, J. Ludwig, S. Yarlagadda, S. Eisebitt, M. J. J. Vrakking, T. Elsaesser, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Rouzée, “Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft X-ray source,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52–58 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ye, P.

A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yin, Y.

A. Chew, N. Douguet, C. Cariker, J. Li, E. Lindroth, X. Ren, Y. Yin, L. Argenti, W. T. Hill, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond transient absorption spectrum of argon at the L2, 3 edge,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 031407 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Li, X. Ren, Y. Yin, Y. Cheng, E. Cunningham, Y. Wu, and Z. Chang, “Polarization gating of high harmonic generation in the water window,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.-H.

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 143002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

J. Schneider, M. Matsuoka, M. Takeuchi, J. Zhang, Y. Horiuchi, M. Anpo, and D. W. Bahnemann, “Understanding TiO2 photocatalysis: mechanisms and materials,” Chem. Rev. 114, 9919–9986 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Z. Wei, J. Li, L. Wang, S. T. See, M. H. Jhon, Y. Zhang, F. Shi, M. Yang, and Z.-H. Loh, “Elucidating the origins of multimode vibrational coherences of polyatomic molecules induced by intense laser fields,” Nat. Commun. 8, 735 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, D.

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle oscillations in virtual states brought to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zherebtsov, S.

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466, 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Znakovskaya, I.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Li, X. Ren, Y. Yin, Y. Cheng, E. Cunningham, Y. Wu, and Z. Chang, “Polarization gating of high harmonic generation in the water window,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 231102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Petit, S. Henin, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Production of ozone and nitrogen oxides by laser filamentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021108 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (2)

J. Schneider, M. Matsuoka, M. Takeuchi, J. Zhang, Y. Horiuchi, M. Anpo, and D. W. Bahnemann, “Understanding TiO2 photocatalysis: mechanisms and materials,” Chem. Rev. 114, 9919–9986 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Nisoli, P. Decleva, F. Calegari, A. Palacios, and F. Martín, “Attosecond electron dynamics in molecules,” Chem. Rev. 117, 10760–10825 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (3)

Z.-H. Loh and S. R. Leone, “Ultrafast strong-field dissociative ionization dynamics of CH2Br2 probed by femtosecond soft x-ray transient absorption spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 128, 204302 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Ortigoso, M. Rodríguez, M. Gupta, and B. Friedrich, “Time evolution of pendular states created by the interaction of molecular polarizability with a pulsed nonresonant laser field,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 3870–3875 (1999).
[Crossref]

N. Kosugi, J. Adachi, E. Shigemasa, and A. Yagishita, “High-resolution and symmetry-resolved N and O K-edge absorption spectra of NO,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 8842–8849 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

W. C. Ho, I. Ozier, D. T. Cramb, and M. C. L. Gerry, “Diode laser spectroscopy of the vibrational fundamental of NO+,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 149, 559–561 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Generation of sub-two-cycle millijoule infrared pulses in an optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier and their application to soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy with high-flux high harmonics,” J. Opt. 20, 014003 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

E. R. Warrick, W. Cao, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Probing the dynamics of Rydberg and valence states of molecular nitrogen with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. A 120, 3165–3174 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (1)

C. Kleine, M. Ekimova, G. Goldsztejn, S. Raabe, C. Strüber, J. Ludwig, S. Yarlagadda, S. Eisebitt, M. J. J. Vrakking, T. Elsaesser, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Rouzée, “Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft X-ray source,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52–58 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (3)

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. M. Teichmann, F. Silva, S. L. Cousin, M. Hemmer, and J. Biegert, “0.5-keV Soft X-ray attosecond continua,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11493 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Wei, J. Li, L. Wang, S. T. See, M. H. Jhon, Y. Zhang, F. Shi, M. Yang, and Z.-H. Loh, “Elucidating the origins of multimode vibrational coherences of polyatomic molecules induced by intense laser fields,” Nat. Commun. 8, 735 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

M. Sabbar, H. Timmers, Y.-J. Chen, A. K. Pymer, Z.-H. Loh, S. G. Sayres, S. Pabst, R. Santra, and S. R. Leone, “State-resolved attosecond reversible and irreversible dynamics in strong optical fields,” Nat. Phys. 13, 472–478 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nature (7)

C. Ott, A. Kaldun, L. Argenti, P. Raith, K. Meyer, M. Laux, Y. Zhang, A. Blättermann, S. Hagstotz, T. Ding, R. Heck, J. Madroñero, F. Martín, and T. Pfeifer, “Reconstruction and control of a time-dependent two-electron wave packet,” Nature 516, 374–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466, 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, “Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy,” Nature 419, 803–807 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H.-G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446, 627–632 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature 465, 763–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry,” Nature 466, 604–607 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Shafir, H. Soifer, B. D. Bruner, M. Dagan, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and N. Dudovich, “Resolving the time when an electron exits a tunnelling barrier,” Nature 485, 343–346 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

E. R. Hosler and S. R. Leone, “Characterization of vibrational wave packets by core-level high-harmonic transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 023420 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, M. Chini, X. Wang, A. González-Castrillo, A. Palacios, L. Argenti, F. Martín, and Z. Chang, “Reconstruction of an excited-state molecular wave packet with attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 94, 023403 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Chew, N. Douguet, C. Cariker, J. Li, E. Lindroth, X. Ren, Y. Yin, L. Argenti, W. T. Hill, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond transient absorption spectrum of argon at the L2, 3 edge,” Phys. Rev. A 97, 031407 (2018).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

X. Urbain, B. Fabre, E. M. Staicu-Casagrande, N. de Ruette, V. M. Andrianarijaona, J. Jureta, J. H. Posthumus, A. Saenz, E. Baldit, and C. Cornaggia, “Intense-laser-field ionization of molecular hydrogen in the tunneling regime and its effect on the vibrational excitation of H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 163004 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. M. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, M. Chini, S. Chen, C.-H. Zhang, F. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, U. Thumm, and Z. Chang, “Attosecond time-resolved autoionization of argon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 143002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sci. Adv. (1)

A. S. Johnson, D. R. Austin, D. A. Wood, C. Brahms, A. Gregory, K. B. Holzner, S. Jarosch, E. W. Larsen, S. Parker, C. S. Strüber, P. Ye, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “High-flux soft x-ray harmonic generation from ionization-shaped few-cycle laser pulses,” Sci. Adv. 4, eaar3761 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, Y. Wu, D. Zhao, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Sub-cycle oscillations in virtual states brought to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Science (6)

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Pertot, C. Schmidt, M. Matthews, A. Chauvet, M. Huppert, V. Svoboda, A. von Conta, A. Tehlar, D. Baykusheva, J.-P. Wolf, and H. J. Wörner, “Time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy with a water window high-harmonic source,” Science 355, 264–267 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. R. Attar, A. Bhattacherjee, C. D. Pemmaraju, K. Schnorr, K. D. Closser, D. Prendergast, and S. R. Leone, “Femtosecond x-ray spectroscopy of an electrocyclic ring-opening reaction,” Science 356, 54–59 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grgura, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Chollet, L. Guerin, N. Uchida, S. Fukaya, H. Shimoda, T. Ishikawa, K. Matsuda, T. Hasegawa, A. Ota, H. Yamochi, G. Saito, R. Tazaki, S. Adachi, and S. Koshihara, “Gigantic photoresponse in ¼-filled-band organic salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,” Science 307, 86–89 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Öström, H. Öberg, H. Xin, J. LaRue, M. Beye, M. Dell’Angela, J. Gladh, M. L. Ng, J. A. Sellberg, S. Kaya, G. Mercurio, D. Nordlund, M. Hantschmann, F. Hieke, D. Kühn, W. F. Schlotter, G. L. Dakovski, J. J. Turner, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. P. Moeller, A. Föhlisch, M. Wolf, W. Wurth, M. Persson, J. K. Nørskov, F. Abild-Pedersen, H. Ogasawara, L. G. M. Pettersson, and A. Nilsson, “Probing the transition state region in catalytic CO oxidation on Ru,” Science 347, 978–982 (2015).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

B. Buades, A. Picón, I. León, N. D. Palo, S. L. Cousin, C. Cocchi, E. Pellegrin, J. H. Martin, S. Mañas-Valero, E. Coronado, T. Danz, C. Draxl, M. Uemoto, K. Yabana, M. Schultze, S. Wall, and J. Biegert, “Attosecond-resolved petahertz carrier motion in semi-metallic TiS2,” arXiv:1808.06493 (2018).

Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Supplement 1       Supplemental document

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. TAS of NO in the SX region. (a) Schematic of the experimental setup. (b) Typical SX spectrum obtained by HHG in helium. (c) Energy levels of NO that are relevant to TAS (right) and the shapes of the N 1s and ${2}\pi $ orbitals (left). (d) Measured transient absorption spectrum. The color scale represents the transient absorbance $\Delta {\rm A}$ (the definition is described in the main text). (e) Static absorbance of NO without the IR pump pulses measured in our experiment (black circles) and in a synchrotron (green curve). The calculated positions of the NO and ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ 1s-${2}\pi $ peaks are indicated by the blue and red lines, respectively.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Attosecond strong-field ionization dynamics. (a) Measured attosecond transient absorption spectrum of NO with fine delay steps around the delay origin. (b) Transient absorbance of the NO 1s-${2}\pi $ peak (blue circles, averaged from 398.7 to 400.6 eV) and the ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ 1s-${2}\pi $ peak (red circles, averaged from 401.7 to 403.6 eV). The solid curves are their three-point rolling averages, and the shaded areas indicate the errors.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Coherent molecular vibration. (a) Measured central energy of the ${{\rm NO}^ + }$ 1s-${2}\pi $ peak as a function of the delay (circles). The solid curve is the fitting result with a cosine function plus a Gaussian function around the time origin. The dashed curve is the cosine component of the fitting result. (b) Potential energy curves of the relevant states obtained by the ab initio calculation and a schematic of the mechanism of the molecular vibration.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Coherent molecular rotation. (a) Measured (circles) and calculated (solid curves) transient absorbance of the NO 1s-${2}\pi $ peak averaged from 398.7 to 400.6 eV. The blue and red data are measured when the polarizations of the SX and IR pulses are perpendicular and parallel, respectively. (b) Schematic of the mechanism of the SX absorption change upon molecular alignment.

Metrics